WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
GERMANS MOVE FORWARD
Steadily They Push Back French-British-Belgian
Allies Almost to Brussels Capital to Antwerp
Defenders Prepare to Make Desperate
Strusrsle at Xainur and Waterloo.
FRENCH REGIMENT HURRYING TO THE GERMAN BORDER
GAINS ALL ALONG
LINES IN BELGIUM
Brussels Reports Whole Front
of 266 Miles Engaged
J - -MS
Tri-color Troops Near Strass
burg Plan to Cross Rhine
Into Baden Province.
WAR DANGERS IN FAR EAST
Japan's Order to Kaiser May Start
Chinese Uprising United States
May Become Involved Situ
( Summary of Hvents. )
Germans. invading Belgium are
at the point of capturing Brus
sels, the capital. The machinery
of Belgian government has been
moved to Antwerp. Reports say
the allied Belgian-French-British
defenders will permit the capture
of Brussels because it is of no
strategic value, and will save
their strength for the great fight
which is expected to take place
at Namur, a fortified city, and at
"Waterloo, the famous battlefield
where Napoleon's strength was
As the Germans are successful
in the north, the French are suc
cessful in the south, along the
French-German border. A French
invading force is almost within
sound of the bells in the famous
cathedral at historic Strassburg.
Late reports say this force plans
to join another which is working
northward from the Swiss-Fronch-German
capture Strassburg and cross the
In order to understand what is
the general plan of the campaign
of lighting along the Belgian-French-German
border it is neces
sary to know approximately how
the opposing armies are placed.
Plan of Campaign.
A German army of nearly two mil
lion is stretched in a line 250 miles
long, facing France. It extends from
the juncture of the Belgian-Dutch-German
frontier directly south along the
Belgian-German border and the
French-German border, and ends at
the juncture of the German-French-Swiss
frontier, in the Ural mountains
near Belfort, France.
The German host is opposed his
full length by French-Belgian-British
allies whose strength in numbers
equals his own. The right wing of
this vast Teutonic army invaded Bel
gium and the left wing invaded France
two weeks ago.
Since then the right wing has ad
vanced to the center of Belgium, af
ter very fierce fighting every foot of
the way. The left wing has not been
so successful, according to all reports.
It has been driven from French terri
tory back into the heart of Alsace
Lorraine. Careful estimates prepared from re
ports of fighting in Europe, and be
tween belligerent warships, during the
last sixteen days, indicate that' the
total losses in killed and wounded on
all sides may reach 130,000.
Only Curtain Raises.
These activities were only prelimi
nary bouts, curtain-raisers to the first
historic battle of the war in which
Germany and Austria are pitted
against England, France, Russia, Ser
via, . Belgium and Montenegro-
What the outcome is will not be
known for a week or ten days. Neither
army will be routed, but one of them
will gain enough advantage to move
slowly forward into the other's terri
tory permanently, according to the
opinion of military experts.
And while the struggle goes on, to
the south and west of the German em
pire, another is being staged between
the Russians . and the Germans and
Austrians in the east and northeast
along the Russian-German-Austrian
There have been frequent clashes
during the last two weeks, -but these
have been only covering movements
foran Important battle. It is report
ed from St. Petersburg and London
that Russia has massed more than a
million and is bringing up more to
fight the Germans and Austrians, who
have immense armies in the eastern
Trouble In Far East.
It is Impossible to make an accurate
America Cowboys Enlisting.
London. A dispatch to the Daily
Teegraph from Paris says: "The re
cruiting of a corps of Rough. Riders
Is proceeding rapidly. Several Amer
ican cbwboys and former American
cavalrymen are among Us members."
French Loss Is Heavy.
Paris. The common talk in the
cafes is that much French blood has
been spilled on the frontier and, not
withstanding the official refusal to ad
mit the fact, the hospitals here are
guess even as to what will occur in
the Far East within the next two
weeks. Germany will hardly heed Ja
pan's order to vacate the German naval
station and colony in China by Au
gust 23. Japan is prepared to drive
the small German force out.
Grave fear is held that such action
as this may cause an uprising of Chi
nese against all foreigners. Chinese
troops are moving too, and there is
general uneasiness in the country.
Japan has sent out assurances broad
cast that she will not seize territory
for permanent occupation, and partic
ular assurances have been given to
this country. The United States,
however, is pursuing its much admired
(these days) policy of watchful wait
ing with shut mouth.
Hundreds of tourist Americans are
reaching home from Europe everyday.
United States warships are distribut
ing millions of gold at European ports
for tne relief of those stranded abroad.
Arrangements are practically compete
for the transportation- and care of all
other Americans now abroad. Pressed
though they are with their own bur
dens and problems, Europeans every
where have been courteous and hospitable-;
in France and Germany even
taking penniless Americans into their
Gerrrfans Outnumber Allies..
Paris. There is grave doubt among
many of the French military experts
whether the allies in Belgium will be
able to do much more than check the
The number of troops sent across
the frontier by Germany is declared
to be far larger than any information
heretofore obtainable has suggested.
From the extreme north of the Bel
gian frontier down through Luxem
burg the German forces are In posi
tion. It is already plain that the
kaiser hopes to crush the allies in one
supreme endeavor and. then to hurry
his fresh troops across Belgium and
into France before re-enforcements
can be withdrawn from the south. .
Await the Great Battle.
In Brussels there is no scene of rev
elry at this time, for as this dispatch
is filed it is rumored the Belgian capi
tal is taken by the kaiser's troops,
lured to a battle which now seems, as
sure as fate, will be fought on the
historic field on which Napoleon lost
his crown and France her control of
Claim Liege Forts.
London. As far as the cordon of
secrecy which the battling nations
have drawn around the Franco-German
frontiers will permit of guesswork, the
great battle which promises to cast
Mukden and Liao3'ang into insignifi
cance has not actually began.
Encounters are proceeding all along
the border. They are heralded by
both sides as battles and victories. In
history most of them will rank as in
cidents. Liege remains the crux of the con
troversy. The German government has an
nounced that the forts have been de
stroyed and the defenders buried be
neath the ruins.
Destroyed by Belgians.
Rotterdam. It is asserced here that
the forts at Liege were dynamited by
the Belgians after they had been
evacuated. The action of the Belgians
was said to be due to the arrival of
Germany's heavy motor batteries.
Germans on a New Line.
Brussels.: An official announcement
was issued by the war office that the
Germans have pressed well in toward
the city as one of the German cavalry
camps was placed at Gembloux, just
north of Namur.
The report of the operations said
that the German line now extends
through Gembloux, Ottenheven and
Sir John French hurried away from
Paris in a racing motor car, and it
was admitted he was going directly
to the front, but whether to Alsace
or to Belgium no one could find out.
Germans Are Formidable.
The German advance through Bel
gium is being bitterly contested, but
all information of the progress of the
battle or the line bemg followed is
Withheld for strategic reasons.
" Joff re Leads the. Invasion.
Paris. That, the . German army is
being driven back through- Alsace by
a French army under the personal
command of General Joffre, commander-in-chief
of the French forces, is
indicated by an official message just
It is a report from General Joffre to
the minister of war and it is believed
here to indicate that the French plans
for the invasion of Germany contem
plate the capture of Strassburg and
the crossing ot the Rhine at that for
Big Cruiser After Germans.
Vancouver, B. C. The British cruis
er Newcastle has reached Victoria
from the British station in China and
is expected to start south soon to en
gage the German cruisers Leipzig and
Nurnburg. The Newcastle is faster
and carries heavier guns.
Foreigners in China Anxious.
Shanghai. Foreigners throughout
China' are' pervous as the result of the
situation growing out of the Japanese,
ultimatum to Germany that the kaiser
must evacuate Kia Chow.
France is hurrying her troops by the hundred thousand toward the German frontier and Belgium." One of
the regiments Is here pictured marching through a village, with an aeroplane in advance as iout.
SHIP BILL PASSES
President Wilson May Now Ad
mit Foreign Vessels to
-, American Registry.
TO RESTORE SEA COMMERCE
Measure Is Designed to Aid in Avoid
ing Paralyzing Effect of Great
Washington, D. C. Congress has
passed the emergency shipping bill
which will authorize the President to
admit foreign built ships to American
registry so that commercial fleets may
sail the seas under protection of the
American flag while belligerents of
Europe are at war and scouring the
oceans for prizes. President Wilson
will sign the bill at once.
Culmination of the effort to enact
this legislation followed repudiation
by the senate of the- conference report
on the measure, which previously had
been radically amended in the senate.
As it goes to the President, the bill
was the same as it passed the house
more than a week ago.
As finally agreed to, the bill, besides
providing for the registry of foreign
built ships, authorizes the President,
in his discretion, to suspend provis
ions of the law requiring all watch
officers of American vessels in the
foreign trade to be citizens of the
United States, and requiring survey.
Inspection and measurement of vessels
admitted to registry by officers of the
The bill' fits into the administration
plan to restore the trans-Atlantic
trade paralyzed by the European war.
It Is also designed to enlarge the
American merchant marine. Already
the Hamburg-American line has re
ceived proposals for certain of its ves:
sels now in American waters and the
North German Llo3"d line has an
nounced that it will sell some of its
ships. Administration officials expect
to see many foreign ships come under
the American flag soon.
In passing the house bill the senate
receded from all its amendments, but
subsequently passed a joint resolution
granting permission to the American
Red Cross to charter a ship which may
fly the American flag. This provision
was Included among the senate amend
ments to the house bill but made a
separate matter by this action that
the registry bill might not be delayed.
Opponents of the conference report
began the final attack on the measure
as soon as the senate convened. Pe
titions were presented signed by thou
sands of employes of the Cramp Ship
building company of Philadelphia, the
New York Shipbuilding company of
Camden, N. J., and other companies,
protesting against the proposal to ad
mit foreign built ships to American
coastwise trade. The petitioners as
serted this would deprive them of a
means of livelihood.'
German Socialists Violent.
London. A dispatch received bythe
Central News from Rome says: "Fu
gitives arriving here, from Berlin de
clare that the Socialists are rising in
revolt throughout Germany, following
the killing of . their leader. Doctor
A Crescent, Ok, Banner Dies.
Guthrie, Ok. Grant Norris, a bank
er of Crescent, this county, is dead of
Princeton Head Gets New Job.
New York. Dr. John G. Hibben,
president of Princeton University, has
accepted a position as head of the edu
cational department of the Church and
School Social Service Bureau, of
which the Rev. Dr. William Carter Is
president and the Duke of Manchester
A Moor Outbreak in Tangier.
Madrid. The Spanish troops In Mo
rocco axe being sent to Tangier owing
to the outbreak of unrest among the
Moors in the neutral zone.
REBELS IN MEXICAN CAPITAL
Gen. Obregon's Veterans Greet
ed With Cheers.
The City of Mexico. The national
capital is in the hands of the Con
stitutionalists. In accordance with a
prearranged plan, General Obregon
marched in with his army and took
peaceful possessions of the city dur
ing the afternoon. The citizens greet
ed him and his soldiers with cheers.
The evacuation by the Federals was
completed and Constitutionalist troops
are flow quartered" in the barracks
whicft the government soldiers recent
Sunday morning eight special trains
left for the front, carrying a reception
committee which will formally wel
come General Carranza, first chief of
the Constitutionalists, who will as
sume the presidency as soon as he
enters the capital.
With the resignation of the military
governors of the states of Chiapas,
Vera Cruz, Tabasco, Campeche aud
Yucatan, the last vestige of the old
regime will disappear.
The city everywhere was decorated
for the occasion.
SWISS SEEK LOAN FROM U.S.
Minister Ritter Makes Representations
to State Department in Behalf
of His Government.
Washington, D. C. Dr. Paul Ritter,
the Swiss minister, again has made
representations to the state depart
ment in behalf of his government for
a loan of gold from the United States.
Switzerland, in a state of siege with
practically her entire man population
under arms, is facing a serious ques
tion in regard to feeding her army.
The Impression that his country
might implicate the United States in a
violation of neutrality by using the ac
quired money as a loan to belligerent
nations was declared preposterous by
Minister Ritter. He said that asids
from the question of national honor,
Switzerland's domestic financial strin
gency was such that she must have
fluid currency to restore normal condi
tions at home.
CONDENSED NEWS ITEMS
Preparations for calling a national
boycott on eggs, beef and veal are
under way, according to Frank S.
Krause, president of the Cleveland
"Thirty-Cent Egg Club." Krause de
clared the move would force prices
downward within three days. He has
received many letters urging a boy
cott, he says.
The cabinet was in session with
the President nearly three hours, dis
cussing questions growing out of the
European war. It was the longest
session in months. Censorship of
cables as well, as wireless was taken
up, but no conclusion was reached.
Government insurance against war
risks of American registered ships and
their cargoes was the solution offered
by sixty-two representative business
men of the country for the stoppage
of American oversea commerce be
cause of the European war. The pro
posal was made in definite form after
an all-day conference presided over by
Secretary McAdoo of the treasury de
partment, who called . the meeting.
Practically all of the largest banking
and shipping Interests in the United
States were represented.
R. Beecher Howell, candidate for
the Republican nomination for gover
nor in the primaries, and Republican
national committeeman for Nebraska,
was pelted with eggs in Omaha when
he attempted to speak on a downtown
corner. The fire department was called
to disperse the crowd which had gath
ered. Two hundred American Jtourists
who were overtaken in southern Eu
rope by the war, have arrived in Bos
ton on the steamer Canopic of the
White Star line. Some of them were
"im unit n -ttOTji
CANAL IS OPEN TO COMMERCE
Steamer Ancon Passes Through
in Nine Hours.
Panama, C. A. The Panama Canal
is open to the commerce of the world.
Henceforth ships may pass through
the great waterway which established
a new ccean highway for trade.
The steamship Ancon, owned by the
United States war department, with
many notable people on board, made
the official passage which signalizes
the opening of the canal. She left
Cristobal at 7 o'cock in the morn
ing and reached Balboa, on the Pa
cific end, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon,
having navigated the waterway in nine
The Ancon did not anchor at Balboa,
but proceeded into -deep water in the
Pacific beyond the fortified island,
wihere she anchored in the channel of
the canal until her return to Balboa,
when she landed her passengers.
The Ancon will remain at the Balboa
docks for some time, discharging her
cargo, this being the first commercial
voyage made through the canal.
The canal having been officially
opened, it will be used at once for the
transfer of four cargo ships which
will thus shorten their routes. The
private yacht Lasata, owned in Los
Angeles, also will be transferred to
the Pacific, homeward bound.
WAS NEAR WAR WITH MEXICO
Only Opposition of President Wilson
Prevented Intervention by United -States
Two Weeks Ago.
Washington, D. C. How close the
United States came to being involved
in a war with Mexico as recently as
a fortnight ago has been revealed
by some high officials of the adminis
tration. When General Carranza abruptly re
jected the overtures of the peace en
voys sent by Provisional President
Carbajal and at the same time ignored
diplomatic efforts of the American gov
ernment to bring about a peaceful en
try of the Constitutionalists into the
City of Mexico, drastic measures were
urged upon President Wilson.
Many members of the cabinet, it is
said, argued in favor of sending Amer
ican troops from Vera Cruz to the
Mexican capital to prevent the anarchy
that then was expected to follow the
failure to reach an agreement.
President Wilson, however, firmly
resisted all pressure, arguing that
sending American troops even on a
mission of order probably would mean
war with the Constitutionalists.
ANOTHER PRIZE CAPTURED
Santa Catharina Caught by British
Cruiser While En Route to
Rio Janeiro. The British cruiser
Glasgow has captured the Hamburg
American steamship Santa Catharina.
which sailed from New York July 25
for South American ports.
The Santa Catharina left New York
with a million dollar cargo bound for
Rio Janeiro, Santos and other South
A subsequent report said that the
ship had been taken to the Island of
Trinidad, a British possession. The
Santa Catharina is of 4.200 tons gross
burden, 350 feet long and was built in
Germany in 1907.
No U. S. Surgeons There,
Washington. Brig. Gen. Enoch H.
Crowder, judge advocate general of
the army, to whom a request of the
Red Cross for army surgeons for ser
vice in Europe was referred, has ren
dered an adverse opinion as to the le
gality of such assignments.
Ponies to Aid Red Cross.
Paris. President Poincare will sign
a decree authorizing the race track
authorities to pay over a part of the
proceeds of the mutual betting ma
chines to the Red Cross fund
KAISER'S MEN CONTINUE
TO PUSH BACK THE ALLIES
Teutons Reported to Be Threatening
Antwerp, Present Seat of Belgian
Government French Advanc
ing Through Alsace.
(Latest Dispatches. )
London. A Brussels official com
"Fighting is proceeding on the
whole front, extending from Basel,
Switzerland, to Diest, Belgium, and in
these numerous contacts the more the
opposing armies approach each other
the nearer come the deciding battles
and the more one must expect to hear
of an advantage to this side or that.
"In operations so vast and with
those engaged using modern arms too
great attention must not he paid to
the operations in our immediate vi
cinity. "An evolution ordered In a partic
ular previously determined aim, is not
necessarily a retreat. The engage
ments of the last few days have had
the result of rendering our adver
saries very circumspect. The delay
of the enemies" advance had the great
est advantage for our general plan of
Asks for Confidence.
"There is need for us to play into
the hands of the Germans. That is
the motive of the movement now be
ing carried out. Far from being
beaten, we are making arrangements
for beating the enemy under the best
"The public should in this matter
place full confidence in the comman
der of the army and remain calm andv
trustful of the outcome of the strug
gle, not dou'btful. Meanwhile, the
newspapers should abstain from men
tioning the movements of troops. Se
crecy is essential to the success of our
May Be in Antwerp.
The advance of German troops
around and above Brussels and even
into what are .practically suburbs of
Antwerp, is indicated in Reuter dis
patches from Antwerp, which report
that- German cavalry have been en
countered near Herenthals, 15 miles
east of Antwerp, and also near Turn
hout, twenty -four miles northeast of
Antwerp and close to the Dutch fron
tier. A- Brussels dispatch to- the Havas
agency says that according to the Peo- '
pie the Germans again attacked Diest
Wednesday afternoon. They appeared
to have come back in force and bcm
barded the town, whose inhabitants
fled in terror. The German artillery
also is reported to have bombarded
Marching On Metz.
Paris. The following official state
ment has been given out:
"Latest advices are to the effect
that the French army has reached
Morhange (Morchingen) in Alsace
Lorraine,' nineteen miles southeast of
Metz. Our advance was very rapid in
the afternoon beyond the River SeiHa,
especially the central part of our line.
At the end of the day we reached
Delme, on one side, and Morhange on
the other." )
Delme and Morhange are both small
villages about the same distance,
nineteen miles, from Metz. They are
half way between Metz and Saarburg,
which was taken by French troops
Whip a Russian Division.
London. A dispatch received by the
Marconi Wireless Press Bureau from
Berlin says that in an encounter near
Stallupohnen, East Prussia, August 17.
a division of the German First Army
Corps defeated a Russian force, cap
turing one thousand prisoners and six
machine guns. Many Russian guns
which could not. "be taken by the Ger
mans were destroyed.
Hurled the Austrians Back.
St. Petersburg. It is ofllcially an
nounced at the war office that Aus
trian and Russian forces fought for
more than five hours along the line
from Gorodok-Kuzmin line Monday and
that the Austrians were defeated with
heavy loss and driven back on the
. Turkey to Stay Neutral.
London. The Bulgarian and Turk
ish representatives have again noti
fied the foreiga office that these na
tions were determined to maintain
complete neutrality throughout the
Bet War Is Over Before 1915.
London. The odds are even at
Lloyds that the war will be over by
December 31. The underwriters have
quoted a 50 per cent premium on poli
cies to insure the payment of total
loss In event of no peace pact being
signed by the last day of this year.
Government to Buy Ships.
Washington. At a conference here
President Wilson approved a plan to
have congress appropriate $25,000,000
to buy ships to be used in taking
American foodstuffs abroad.
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