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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, September 12, 1914, Image 6

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

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Namnr Forts" Fall and British-Gallic Troops Retreat
Under Heavy Fire to French Defenses Losses
Heavy On Both Sides England Will .
liaise An Immense Army.
Russia Sends Million Men Into
Eastern Provinces and Aus
tria More Follow.
They Move On German Naval Base and
Colony at KaioChow Italy
Mobotizes and May
( Summary of Events. )
The French-British army was
crushed and scattered in its first bat
tle with the German army which is
hurrying through Belgium to France.
,After the Belgians had succeeded in
holding back the great Teutonic fight
ing machine for three -weeks, while
the French and English chose battlo
positions' and dug their trenches, it
was expected the Germans would meet
severe defeat at -the forts of Namnr,
- Expectations went to naught. The
kaiser's horses and men waded through
the allies with more dispatch thar.
they had gone through the Belgian de
fense. They are now on the French
border, and the French and British
war offices are worried. The French
3iave been driven out of Alsace and Lor
raine also, and at least temporary vic
tory rests with the Germans through
out the length of their 260-mile battle
line which extends from the Dutch
Belgian border southward to the
French-Swiss border.
' British officialdom has Issued a
statement in which it calmly an
nounces that England and Russia will
hang on to Germany until they wear
her out, as the allies wore out Napo
leon finally. Earl Kitchener, chief of
the British war board, is preparing
now to send to the continent one-half
million men every three months until
the end of hostilities.
Russia Invades Germany. -
Even now, Germany is not faring
well in the north and east. Russia" is i
pouring more than one million men
over the border into German Poland
and into northern Austria, and three
million more Russians are on their
way south. The Slavs, by sheer num
bers, are sweeping things before them.
Austria's defense is weak because she
Is barrassed by Serbs and Montene
grins on her southern border.
Germany can put np only a poor
defense against Japan in the Far East.
As soon as Japan declared war on
Germany, Sunday evening, August 23,
Japanese warships and troops began
to move against the German naval sta
tion and colony in the Chinese prov
ince of Kaio Chow. They greatly out
number the Germans and will over
power the defense.
- Even though she is victorious
against the French and English for
the present and gets well into France,
Germany cannot win finally, in the
opinion of unbiased military experts.
The kaiser has thrown an army of two
million men against France. This
army has steadily advanced, but it
has lost nearly sixty thousand in
killed, wounded and prisoners, accord
ing to the latest estimates. The al
lies have not lost nearly so heavily.
German Troubles Coming.
With Russian hordes pouring into
Germany from the northeast, it will
soon be necessary to recall a part of
the army of French Invasion to the
defense of Berlin. It is reported of
ficially from London . that Britain is
contemplating the invasion of Schles-wig-Holstein,
the most northern Ger
man province, with an army of 150,
000. Such a movement as this will
further reduce the strength of the
western German army.
Italy is mobilizing her war-strength
army of 800,000 men. It has been re
ported from semi-official sources that
she will attack Austria.
The misery of war is beginning to
crush ion-combatants in Europe. Not
a wheel has turned in Belgium or Hol
land since the first week of August,
and the poor are feeling hanger's
pinch. The Dutch haven't been fight
ing, but every able-bodied man Is
guarding his country's border against
- German invasion. '
Fate of France In Balance.
Paris. A new battle, desperate in
its fighting, is in progress from Mas-
Town Taken Five Times.
Paris. Charleroi was taken and re
taken five times In the fighting be
tween the French and Germans Satur
day, Sunday and Monday, according
to one of the railway station staffs at
Strangers Removed From Paris.
O Paris. Five hundred strangers of
all nationalities In Paris who were un
able to give a good account of them
selves have been sent to concentra
tion camps in middle . and western
beuge to Donon, a war office announce
ment says, t
"On it hangs the fate of France,"
the official bulletin continues.
Maubeuge is a fortified city In the
department of the Nord, ten miles in
side the French boundary, forty miles
southeast of Lille and 110 miles north
and east of Paris.
Donon is near Belfort, in the cen
tral Vosges mountains. It is about 225J
miles southeast of Paris.
The new battle line, almost entire
ly on, French soil, must be 240 miles
long with its various winding. The
allied defense line is a huge crescent,
roughly indicated . by Sedan, Mont
medy, Verdun, Toul, Nancy and Bel
fort. Skirmishing is reported north of this
line from Maubeuge to Lille, and in
spots as far as Ostend.
Out of Mulhausen Again.
The war office official announce
ment continues:
"The commander-in-chief, requiring
all available forces on the Meuse, has
ordered the progressive abandonment
of occupied territory." Mulhausen has
again been evacuated.
"Operations in Alsace along the.
Rhine would take away troops upon
which might depend victory. - It is
necessary that they all withdraw from
Alsace temporarily to assure its final
deliverance. It is a matter of hard
Want $90,000,000 More.
London. A dispatch to the Morning
Post from Antwerp Bays:
"In adddition to the German war
levy of $40,000,000 on Brussels, the
province of Brabant has been levied
on for $90,000,000, to be paid by Sep
tember 1.
"The German officers at Brussels
are living riotously. The city's supply
of champagne is becoming exhausted.
The royal palaces have been invaded
by German officers."
Confirm .Fall of Namur.
Berlin. An official announcement
made public here says the city of Na
mur and five of its forts have been
captured by the Germans. The bom
bardment of the four other forts con
tinues and their fall seems imminent.
Deny Namur Has Fallen.
London. Dispatches from Paris de
ny that the forts at Namur have fallen.
German dispatches via Copenhagen
say that the town and five forts have
Russians Rout Austrian.
Paris. A dispatch from St. Peters
burg sets forth that Russian troops,
following up their advantages "In Ga-
licla, have captured several passes
south of Tarnopol, on the Sereth river.
Tarnopol is eighty miles to the east
of Lemberg.
A division of Austrian cavalry has
been routed in Galicia at a point close
to the frontier. The Russians., cap
tured two batteries of artillery and
200 prisoners. -
Serbs Recapture Sabac.
NIsh. Servian troops reoccupied Sa
bac (Shabats) at 4 o'clock in the af
ternoon of Monday, August 24, accord
ing to an official announcement. The
announcement adds that the retreat
ing Austrians devastated Servian vil
lages and massacred the inhabitants.
Sabac is on the River Save, twenty
seven miles west of Belgrade.
The Austrians have been thrown
back on the other bank of the River
Save, and every bit of Servian terri
tory has now been cleared of . the
Austrian troops had succeeded in.
forcing an entry into Sabac after
heavy fighting all along the line.
Belgrade in Ruins.
London. A dispatch to the Reuter
Telegram Company from Nis-ta, Servia,
"The latest information received
here is that the bombardment of Bel
grade is still most severe. .Shells of
large calibre are doinglmmense dam
age. Hardly one building remains un
damaged. The palace has been partly
burned down. Another large building
in the city has been struck by thirty
five shells."
Allies" Attack Falls.
Paris. The French war office has
issued the. following announcement:
The French and English, the plan
of attack havicg failed owing to un
foreseen difficulties, have retired on a
converging position. West of the
Meuse the English army on our left
was attacked by the Germans, but be
haved admirably, holding its ground
with traditional steadfastness.
Four Attacks From Nancy.
On order of General Joffre nur
troops withdrew to the covering posi
tion. Our troops are intact. Our cav
alry has in no way suffered and our
artillery has affirmed its superiority.
Our officers and soldiers are in the
best of condition, morally and phy
sically. Kaiser's Nephew a Prisoner.
Paris. A dispatch to the Excelsior
from Courtral says the emperor's
nephew. Count Von Schwerin, has been
taken prisoner. He was in command
of a detachment of Uhlans who reach
ed Harlebeke on the border between
France and Belgium.
German Prizes At London.
"London. Two Hamburg-American
line steamers, which were taken Into
custody by the British authorities at
Falmouth on August 4, have arrived
in London.
German Troops Reported to be
" Retiring to. Defences On
River Oder. - L.
Franco-British Army Retires to Pro
tection of Forts -Along Frontier
Germans Claim Sweeping Vic
tory Belgians Win.
(Latest Dispatikes. )
The Hague. The military correspon
dent of the Nieuwe Courant declares
he is able to state on trustworthy au
thority that the Germans plan to aban
don temporarily East and West Prus
sia" and Pomerania to the Russians
and withdraw slowly to the - River
Oder, where the main defenses of Ber
lin lie.
Germany, according to the corres
pondent, appears to have undertaken
this measure to give her army time
to try to deal, the British and French
armies their death blow and march on
to Paris.
If this report is true, the change
in German policy is significant, as it
would indicate that Germany fears to
weaken its forces on the French-Belgian
frontier and is ready to make al
most any sacrifice to crush the allied
armies now massed against it there.
Also, it would be a German confes
sion that Russia has succeeded in mo
bilizing a much larger force and in a
much shorter time than Germany ex
pected when the eastern campaign was
The River Oder is only fifty miles
from Berlin. ..
Russia's Vast Army.
St. Petersburg. According to pri
vate advices, Tilsit has been occupied
by the Russians.
The Russian army Invading Prussia
is stated on the highest authority to
number 3,000,000 men, while a reserve
army of 5,000,000 is slowly following
up their victorious march.
Germany Admits Retreat.
London. Wireless messages from
Berlin, picked up by the Marconi sta
tion and made public by the govern
ment here, say that it is officially ad
mitted, in a bulletin published at the
German war office, that the Germans
have "temporarily retired before a con
centrated Russian advance in eastern
The French Statement.
Paris. An official statement Issued
by the war department says: "In the
north the Franco-British lines have
been moved back a short distance. In
a general way our offensive between
Nancy and the Vosges mountains
makes headway. Our right, however,
has been obliged to fall back slightly
in the region of St. Die.
A Series of Combats.
"In the north resistance continues.
The enemy appears to have suffered
considerable loss, more than fifteen
hundred bodies having been found In
a very small space in a trench. Some
had been stricken as they stood in
the attitude of firing their rifles.
"A series of fiercely contested com
bats has been going on during the last
three days in the whole region, which
were generally to our advantage.
"There has been no outstanding fea
ture in the Wavre district, where the
opposing forces seemed to be recover
ing after the battle of the last few
Germans Lose Near Malines.
London. The Telegraph's Antwerp
correspondent wires that fighting was
resumed near Malines, where the Bel
gians have been engaged daily with
German advance troops.
"The road from Malines toward VII
voorden, six miles northeast of Brus
sels," the correspondent adds, "is lit
tered with bodies of men and horses,
while in the fields pasturing cattle have
been killed by shrapnel. The Belgians
captured one field gun.
Britain Takes Togoland.
London. It is announced officially
that German Togoland has surrendered
unconditionally. The allies will enter
Kamina Thursday morning.
Germans Claim a Triumph.
Philadelphia. Official confirmation
of a sweeping German victory over
the French and English allies was re
ceived here in wireless dispatches
from Berlin. The dispatches indicate
that the English army of the coast was
flanked and its retreat to the English
Channel cut off.
- The losses of the allies in the three
days battle were approximately 70,000
killed, wounded, missing and captured,
according to the dispatch. The Ger
man losses were also reported to have
been comparatively as great.
Wishart's Mechanician Dies.
- Elgin, lit John C. Jenter, mechani
cian for Spencer WIshart, the motor
racing driver who was killed in an
accident in the Elgin national trophy
race, is dead at a hospital here 'of
bis Injuries.
Warns Aliens From -Italy.
Rome, Italy. The American ambas
sy through the consuls has advised all
Americans in Italy to return home
row while communications between
Europe and the United States are free.
By Cable to the Chicago Tribune-
Brussels. The Germans entered
Brussels Thursday without fixing a
Yielding to the dictates of reason
and humanity, the civil government at
the last moment disbanded the civil
guard, which the Germans would not
recognise. '. The soldiers and ordinary
police were then intrusted with the
maintenance of order.
After a day of wild panic and slum
ber! ess nights the citlsens remained
at their windows. Few sought their
Cry "Here They Come.'
The morning broke brilliantly. The
eity was astir early and on all lips
were the words: "They are here," or
"They are coming."
The "they" referred to were al
ready outside the boundaries of the
city In great force. The artillery was
packed off on the road to Waterloo
Horse, foot, and sapper were packed
deep on the Louvaln and .Tervervue
ren roads.
An enterprising motorist came In
with the Information and the crowds
In the busy centers immediately be
came calm.
Burgomaster Gives Up-
- At eleven o'clock it was reported
that an officer with a half a troop of
hussars bearing white flags had halt
ed outside the Louvaln gate.
The burgomaster claimed for the
citizens their rights under the laws
of war regulating an unfortified capi
tal. " When roughly asked if he was
prepared to surrender the city, with
the threat that otherwise it would be
bombarded, the burgomaster said he
would do so. He also decided to re
move his scarf of office.
The discussion was brief. When
the burgomaster handed over his scarf
It was handed back to him and he
was thus entrusted for the time being
with the civil control of the citizens.
The Germans gave him plainly to un
derstand that he would be held re
sponsible for any overt act on the
part of the populace against -the Ger
mans. Triumphant March Begins.
From noon until two o'clock the
crowds waited expectantly. Shortly
after two o'clock the booming of can
non and later the sound of military
musio conveyed to the people of Brus
sels the intimation that the triumph
ant march of the enemy on the an
cient city had begun.
On they came, preceded by a scout
ing party of uhlans, horse, foot, and
artillery and sappers, with a siege
train complete. "
A special feature of the procession
was 100 motor cars on which Quick
flrers were mounted.'.' Every regiment
and battery was ' headed by a band,
horse or foot. Now came the drums
and fifes; now the blare of brass and
soldiers singing "Die Wacht am Rhein"
and "Deutschland uber Alles."
Death Head Hussars There.
Along Chausee de Louvaln, past St.
Josse and the botanical gardens, to
the open space in front of the Gare du
Nord, the usual lounging place of the
tired twaddlers of the city, swept the
Among the cavalry were the famous
Brunswick Death's Head Hussars and
their companions on many bloody
fields, the Zeiten hussars. But where
was the glorious garb of the German
troops, the cherry-colored uniforms of
the horsemen, and the. blue of the in
fantry? All is greenish, earth color
gray. AH the helmets are covered with
gray. The guns are painted gray.
Even the pontoon bridges are gray.
"To the quickstep heat of the drums
the kaiser's men march to the great
square, Charles Regier. Then at the
whistling sound of the word of com
mand for the sonorous orders of the'
German officers seemed to have gone
the way of the brilliant uniforms the
gray-clad ranks broke into the famous
goose step, while the good people of
Liege and Brussels gazed at the pass
ing wonder with months agape. -.
Crowds Want Revenge.
At the railroad station' the great
prooession denied to the boulevards
and thence marched to encamp on the
heights of the city called Kocbelberg.
It was truly a sight to have gladdened
the eyes of the kaiser, but on the sidewalks-men
were muttering beneath
their breath:
"They'll not pass here on their way
back. The allies will do for them."
Many of the younger men in the
great array seemed exhausted after
the long . forced march, but as a man
staggered his comrades In the ranks
held him up.
.. It was a great spectacle and an Im
pressive one, but there are minor inci
dents that were of a less pleasant char
acter. -
Officers In 8 hackles.
Two Belgian officers, .manacled and
fastened to the leather stirrups of two
aniens, made a spectacle that caused
a low murmur of resentment from the
citlswna Instantly German horsemen
backed their steeds Into the closely
packed ranks of the spectators, threat
ening them with uplifted swords and
srmtng the momentary revolt. "
At one point of the march a lame
hawker oJfered flowers for sale to the
soldiers. As be bald np bis posies a
ea grain of hussars, by a movement of
bis steed, sent the poor wretch sprawl
ing and bleeding in the dust. Then
from the crowd a French woman, her
heart a; tear, cried out: . "Ton
brute," so that all might bear.
Bear 1st Belgium Uniform.
There was one gross pleasantry, too.
perpetrated by a gunner, wno led
along a bear, evidently be pet of bis
battery, which was dressed in. the full
regalia of Belgian general. Tfea bear
was evidently Intended to represent
the king. He touched his cocked hat
at "nervals to his keeper.
This particularly irritated the Bel
gians, but they wisely abstained from
any overt manifestation or any un
pleasant feature of behavior.
The soldiers as they passed tore re
peatedly at the national colors, which
every Belgian lady now wears on her
Refuse Gold In Payment. -
- A more pleasant incident was when
a party of Uhlans clamored for admit
tance at a villa on the Louvaln road.
They disposed of a dozen bottles of
wine and bread and meat. The non
commissioned officer in command
asked what the charge was and offered
some gold pieces' In payment.- The
money was refused.
Near the steps of St. Gudule a party
of officers of high rank seated in a
motor car, confiscated the stock of
the news venders. After v. greedily
scanning the sheets they burst into
loud laughter.
March Forward for Hours.
Hour after hour, hour after hour,
the kaiser's legions marched Into
Brussels' streets and boulevards.
Some regiments made a fine appear
ance. It was notably so In the case
of the Sixty-sixth, Fourth and Twenty
sixth. Not one man of these regi
ments showed any sign of excessive
fatigue after the grueling night of
marching, and no doubt the order to
break step was designedly given to
impress the onlookers with the pow
ers of resistance of the German sol
diers. '
" The railway stations, the post office,
and the town hall were at once closed.
The national flag on the latter was
pulled down and the German emblem
hoisted in its place. Practically all
the shops were closed and the blinds
drawn on most of the windows.
What It Costs to Kill One
Man in Modern Warfare
The cost of killing a man Is ob
tained by dividing the total cost of a
war to any of the belligerents by the
number of men killed on the other
In 1870-1871 France spent $400,000,
000 In the actual expenses of the war.
Repairing materials and giving succor
to the victims of the war, expenses
that are justly to be added, cost an
other (200,000,000. France paid $1,
000,000,000 as war indemnity, plus an
other $400,000,000 In interest on the
sum, loss of revenue, forced contribu
tions by the enemy and upkeep of the
German army of occupation. This
third category of expenses, not being
Inevitable in all wars, cannot properly
be Included.
On a similar basis here are some
facts about other wars: -
Rusoo-Turkish war (1S77-1878)
Turkey. $400,000,000.
Russo-Japanese war (1905) Russia,
The number of men killed or who
died of wounds in these wars were:
Franco-Prussian war Germans, 28,
600. Rus so-Turkish war Russians, 16,
600. Russo-Japanese war Japanese, 68,
600. .
Whence it results that the cost of
kfning each man was as follows:
In 1870-1871, $21,000.
In 1877-1878. $15,000.
. In 1905, $20,400.
What will kill the greatest number
and reduce the effective force most
will be not the rifle or cannon, but
fatigue, typhus or cholera. -
Phantom Ships.
British war vessels swarm (Just out
of sight) off our coast, says the Hart
ford Courant. German war vessels
(just out of sight) are hovering about
the Atlantic to capture French or Brit
ish ships. Mysterious searchlights flash
along the eastern horizon for the en
tertainment of those at the seashore
Startling, indeed and then "nihil fit."
What does It rec "1 to the adult mind?
Don't you remember that mysterious
"Spanish fleet," which spread a scare
all along the coast, not by any means
omitting Washington? There never
was any such fleet, but that made no
difference.- Thoughtful residents of
Boston quietly transferred their safe
deposit contents to similar depositor
ies in Worcester. Conservative New
Haveners- went to Hartford and put
them in safe deposit there. - The fleet
never showed up, but the scare did,
and now the ghost, the same old spec
ter, is on the Job again. Win it ma
terialize this time?
Modern Russia's Founder.
Alexelevltch, usually styled Peter
the Great, was the creator of modern
Russia, the father of such civilization
as Russia may be said to possess, and
the founder of St. Petersburg, as wen
as the first czar of Muscovy to assume
the title of emperor, as students know.
The students also know that the father
of bis country, while reforming others,
neglected to reform himself, an omis
sion not peculiar to Peter and re
mained to the last a coarse and brutal
savage and tyrant, ddicted to 'the
meanest vices and finding his greatest
joy In torturing bis enemies. Often he
lopped off ten or twenty beads in suc
cession, and was immensely proud of
bis horrid dexterity with the sword.
UUHItll ur
Tell How LydiaPinkhW.
Vegetable ComnounJ Re.
stored Her Daugh
ter's Health.
Plover, Iowa. "From a small child
my 13 year old daughter bad female
weafcness.r I spoke
to three doctors
about it and they did
not help her any.
Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Com
pound had been of
great benefit to me,
so I decided to have
her give it a trial.
She has taken five
bottles of the Vege
table Compound ac
cording to directions on the bottle and
she is cured of this trouble. She was
all run down when she started taking
the Compound and her periods did not'
come right. She was so poorly and
weak that I often had to help her dress
herself, but now she is regular and is
growing strong and healthy." Mrs,
Mabtin Helvig, Plover, Iowa.
Hundreds of such letters expressing
gratitude for the good Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound has accom
plished are constantly being received,
proving the reliability of this grand old
remedy. '
If you are ill do not drag along and
continue to suffer day in and day out but
at once take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound, a woman's remedy for
woman's ills.
If yon want special advice write to
Lydia CPlnkham Medicine Co. (confi
dential) Lynn, Mass. Vour letter will
be opened, read and answered by s
Woman and held in strict confidence.
Husband Dashed Home In Response
to Telephone Call to Find His
Worst Fears Were Groundless.
Smlthson said a thunderstorm al
ways reminded him of this absurd in
cident in his early married life. He
said it happened when their first baby
was only two months old, so he might
be pardoned if his solicitude exceed
ed his sober judgment. He was at
his office one afternoon when a ter-
crashed enough to frighten anyone,
so when the 'phone rang and his
wife's voice x tremulously asked:
"George, dear, can you come home
right away?" he said, "yes," quickly,
nor paused to question, but frantic
with misgivings, grabbed his hat and
almost ran through town to his home.
Arriving all breathless, he found bis
wife awaiting him on the porch, her
face the very picture of distress.
Rushing up to her he said anxious
ly: "Why, darling, what's the mat
ter?" Much to his surprise came this re
ply: "Oh, George, dear, we have
moths!" Kansas City Star.
The Pumps.
Lord Mersey, head of the Empress
of Ireland-Storstad Investigation board,
said to a New York reporter the other
day: ' -
"Much is still left to be desired, but
ships are safer than they used to be."
With a smile the veteran jurist add
ed: "We no longer hear of skippers of
fering such excuses for slow passages
as the one offered by the skipper of
the collier, who said:
" "Well, gentlemen, no wonder we're
late. We pumped the whole Atlantic
three times through that ship coming
Slight Difference.
"So your maid had pre-empted the
sherry bottle, had she?"
"No, pre-emptied."
Nothing pleases a homely woman so
much as to have a man compliment
her figure. '
Summer Days
Call for a dainty,
wholesome food such
There" little work, and
much satisfaction in every
Eackage of these crisp
Its of perfectly cooked
and toasted Indian Com.
Appetizing flavour,
substantial nourishment
and convenience of serv
ing are all found in Post
Sold by Grocers

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