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KAISER HOLDS BELGIUM - - ii m i mil ' 1 After Taking Antwerp and Imposing. Fine of $100, 000,000, Germans Capture Ghent and Besiege Ostend Belgian Government Goes to , Havre, France Allies Worried. FIGHT IN POLAND Russians and Teutonic Allies Line Up for Great Struggle Along Vistula River Odds AgainstSlavs REVOLT ON BRITAIN Boers of South African Union Join German and Colonies are Put Under Martial Law by Governor. Summary of Jiventsj The kaiser's plans of campaign against the Allies appear to be succeeding. The Germans over run all of Belgium. After cap turing Antwerp and imposing a fine of $100,000,000, they took Ghent and now are besieging Os tend, whence the seat of Belgian government went from Antwerp when the fall of Antwerp was certain. Now the Belgian capital has been moved to Havre, France. The royal family, excepting King Albert, has gone there. German Positions Strong. The. German positions in Belgium are as strong as those along the Aisne. river in northern France, ac cording to press dispatches from the seat of war. In addition to the forti fications at Antwerp they have pre pared re-enforced concrete works heavily mounted with guns, extend ing from a point east of Louvain to a place north of Vilvorde, on through Alost and thence to a point southeast of Brussels. There is also a continuous line of fortifications from Liege through Na mur and Mons to Valenciennes. Thus, should the German right retreat, it wouuld be powerfuly protected unless the works were forced beforehand. Trouble for Holland. The fall of Antwerp placed Holland squarely between the millstones of British and German interests. For Antwerp to be of any use to Germany as a base for naval or aerial opera tions against England the kaiser must control the mouth of the Scheldt, which is altogether in Dutch hands. There is little possibility that Ger many will be able to secure Holland's consent to the use of the mouth of the Scheldt in order to make Antwerp a naval port. Such acquiescence Would be followed by disastrous con sequences to the people of fie Dutch kingdom. They would be considered participants in the war and a British fleet would blockade all Dutch ports. The present plight of Holland is bad enough and a blockade would mea practical starvation of the kingdom. Heavy Cavalry Action. In Northwestern France on the Allies' left wing, the main positions of the contending forces now reach SINKING r i ' akwiMh.- ufo1 n " " 1 1 "th -" " "nrTTiwwntwiiiiuiww m 1 1 j i m hp Jlu, llgatJLI , u , , - A r:, ""tv-c r,.r-fr This photograph, taken from a British cruiser, shows the German cruiser Maim sinking during the naval engagement off Helgoland. Her two funnels and two of her masts had been shot away. GERMANS FIND BRITISH WAR PLANS IN BELGIUM Berlin. The German general head quarters has given out the following report: "German military authorities, search ing the archives of the Belgian gen eral staff at Brussels, discovered a portfolio inscribed 'English interven tion in Belgium, which contains some the Belgian border, while beyond those points' masses of cavalry con tinue the struggle over the frontier line and into Belgium. Expect General Attack. Paris. The whole German front is about to take the offensive again, ac cording to military strategists. At tempt by the German forces, which have worn down the defenses of Ant werp, to join with the German right wing in assaults westward toward the coast is expected here to be the sig nal for a general attack on the whole battle line, now extending well over three hundred miles. French Much Encouraged. The . strong German re-enforce ments, which appeared on the Bel gian frontier in the region of Lille, according to a late report, have made no progress in any point, and at cer tain points the Germans have moved back, particularly to the north of Ar ras, where the fighting is developing under conditions favorable to the Allies. The present front is within about sixty-eight miles of Antwerp, where the Belgians offered such heroic resistance to the bombardment of the heavy German artillery. Further down toward the center of the line the se verest fighting continues at Roye. Reims again has been subjected to a short bombardment. Boers Revolt Against British. A strong command of the Boer army in the British Union of South Africa has revolted and the govern or has placed the entire Cape Colony under martial law. The revolt was engineered and led by Colonel Maritz, secretly a German army officer, who received arms, materials of war and money from Germany. Those of the officers in the command who refused to join the revolt were made prison ers and taken to German Southwest Africa. The Union of South Africa is com posed of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State, conquered in 1901, and the colonies of Cape of Good Hope and Natal. The Union is as thoroughly self-governing as Can ada. Aeroplane Bombs Deadly. During the last week German avi ators have flown several times over Paris, killing five persons and wound ing nearly forty by dropping bombs. Property damage has been small. During the last day of the siege of Antwerp, German aviators dropped bombs on the city, killing twenty non combatants. Refugees a Grave Problem. What to do' with the refugees of the war is a grave problem that has been ""forced on all the governments of Europe, belligerent and neutral. Fully five hundred thousand people fled from Antwerp. Many small Dutch towns have been forced to close their gates, as they cannot accomodate any more refugees. France and England are feeling the pressure, too, especially France. It is calculated that almost 1 million more persons have fled into Central, West ern and Southern France from the north and northeast of France and from Belgium. All of these are destitute in the lit eral ense of the word without THE GERMAN CRUISER important documents. "One of these is a report to the Bel gian minister of war, dated on April 10, 1906, which gives the result of de tailed negotiations between the chief of the Belgian general staff and the British military attache at Brussels, Lieutenant Colonel Bernardiston. This plan is of English origin and was sanctioned by Lieutenant General Sir James M. Grierson. chief of the Brit ish general staff. It sets forth the strength and formation, and desig nates landing places for an expedi tionary force of. 100,000 men. Con money, without clothes (except such as- they are wearing), without homes or belongings of any ktmj. They are beset by hunger and disease, and their sufferings have been such that their spirits are broken, and it is impossible to expect them to do useful work that will compensate for the cost of feed ing and housing them. Great Battle Imminent Under conditions of the utmost se crecy the" Teutonic allies and the Russians are preparing to engage in what may prove one .of the most de cisive combats of the war. This con flict will be fought vin Russian Po land. The main German armies in Rus sian Poland are moving toward the Vistula river on a north and south front extending through' Piotrkow, ninety miles southwest of Warsaw, Klelce and Busk on the Bug river. thirty miles east of Lemberg. To the left of this army, between Lodz and Kalisz, is another German force, and on the right of the main German army is an Austrian force. The bulk of the Russian troops are on the east bank of the Vistula, but a portion of their forces are still on the west side of the river. The na ture of the country makes it prob able that the center of the battle line will be between Sondomir and Ivan gorod, both on the Vistula river and about sixty miles apart Great Britain has asked the United States to take over its consular in terests in Warsaw in event of its cap ture by German troops. Austrians Advancing. In Southwestern Poland the Austro German armies have advanced along both banks of the Vistula river, with the object of compelling the Russians to evacuate part of Galicia, and, ac cording to their reports, have defeat ed them, capturing 4.800 prisoners. Japs Dominate Tsing Tau. Peking. The Japanese have mount ed siege guns on Prince Henry moun tain, which entirely dominates all three of the Tsing Tau forts, accord ing to advices reaching Peking. These forts are named Bismarck, Moltke and litis and are three or four miles from the mountain. Germans Sink Russ Cruiser. Petrograd. An official communica tion just issued announces that Octo ber 11 the Russian armored cruiser Pallada was torpedoed in the Baltic Sea by a German submarine and sank with all her crew. British Submarine at Work. London. Submarine E-9 of the Brit ish navy under command of Lieuten-. arU Commander Max K. Horton made another raid into German waters off the mouth of the River Ems and suc ceeded in sinking a German torpedo boat destroyer. Two Warships Sunk. A dispatch from Rome says that the Anglo-French fleet off Ragusa, Dalmatia, sunk two Austrian torpedo boats, one of which was escorting a steamship laden waith munitions of war. Their crews were saved. A torpedo, boat destroyer was injured. Italy Brings Home Troops. A Naples dispatch says that twenty Italian transport ships heavily escort ed by Italian warships, have sailed to bring back the Italian troops now in Tripoli and Cyrenaica. The movement is universally ac cepted in Italy as another one of the steady preparations being made by the Italian government for eventual participation in the present war. Should Italy take possession of Tri este and Trent as it is expected it will do if it joins with, the Allies, it will thus have one hundred thousand more trained soldiers than otherwise, the troops being brought back from Tripoli being still subject to military duty under a general mobilization. MAINZ tinuing, it gives the details of a plan for the Belgian general staff to trans port feed and find quarters for their men In Belgium and provides for Bel gian Interpreters. The landing places designated are Dunkirk, Calais and Boulogne." . Lieutenant Colonel Bernardiston is quoted as having remarked that for the present Holland could not be re lied upon. Another confidential com munication declares that the British government, after the destruction oi the German navy, would send supplies and provisions by way of Antwerp. ALLIES PRESS GERMANS BACK ON LEFT FLANK Paris Reports Slight Check to the Kaiser's Forces in Northern France. OSTEND TERRORIZED Panic-Stricken Belgians Crowd Docks in Effort to Get Away Hard Fight at Lassigny Germans Take Lille. . (Latest Dispalc'ies. London, The Germans will meet a stubborn resistance to their attempt to extend their right through Pas de Calais to the French northern ports. The Allies have taken tie offensive already in this region, compelling the Germans to fall back. It is fully ' expected, however, that the Germans will reach Ostend and other ports in the northwest of Bel gium, if they have not already done BO. Tells of Allies' Gains. A few days ago the German cavalry were fighting as far west as Haze- brouck and Cassel, but now, accord' ing to the French official communica tion the front of this battle extends from La Bassee through Estaires to Bailleul on the Belgian frontier, while across the border the Allies have oc cupied Ypres. This is a distinct gain for the Allies and shows that the Ger man attempt to work around fieir left has failed, the German right being bent back toward Lille and Courtral, both of which places the invaders hold with strong forces. - It is here the heavy blows which both sides hope will bring about a de cisive result in the long drawn out battle will be struck. It is for this reason that the Germans will be able to make their way to Ostend, although even there troops have been left to Inflict what damage they can before joining the larger body further soath. Panic at Ostend. Ostend. The government has left; King Albert and the main military body have departed, and sixty thou sand panic stricken people await the action of the Germans, who are known to have a strong force within twenty miles of the city. The inhabitants are fleeing as fast as ships can be provid ed to carry them to England. Hospi tals have been emptied and the docks were lined with injured soldiers. Fierce Fight at Lassigny. Paris. News has reached here of terrific fighting at Lassigny, where the Germans made a concentrated attempt to break the allied lines. The scene of the severest conflict is said to have changed from Roye to Lassigny, but the battle still is progressing at Roye, which has been taken and retaken at least twelve times. The exact position of the bulk of the allied armies is being kept strictly se cret, but it is believed that the forces in France and Belgium have joined hands since the fall of Antwerp. Fighting at Warsaw. Petrograd Fierce fighting west of Warsaw is reported In official advices. The German center, it was said, had been heavily reinforced and was mak ing an unsuccessful attempt to break through the Russian line. , The Rus sian positions are described as ad vantageous, and there is no prospect of the assault gaining any headway. The Russian army has the advantage of a strong base at Warsaw. "The city is defended by a citadel and a ring of fifteen forts. Von Kluck Retakes Lille. London. In order to strengthen his forces General Von Kluck has thrown an entire army corps into Lille. This manufacturing city has once before been in German hands and it has been within the German lines since the early stages of hostilities. The occupation today does not seem to have been seriously opposed, i" fact, it is explained here that it could not have been without disarranging the allies' line. Most of the Boers Loyal. London Recovering from the .first shock of the news that organized re volt now menaced British authority In South Africa, London has received word that from nearly every part of th,e union pledges were coming in fast from the Boers to fight the re bellion led by Colonel Maritz. German Ships in Black Sea. London Dispatches . received here from Sofia, Bulgaria, and other points reports the appearance of the former German cruisers Breslau and Goeben, which fly the Turkish flag, in the Black Sea. , Convicts Oppose Liquor. Joliet, 111. Twelve hundred con victs, following a meeting held in the chapel of the Illinois state peni tentiary here, will sign a petition to the Illinois legislature asking the en actment of legislation to forbid the sale of intoxicants in Illinois. An Earthquake in Jamaica. Kingston. Jamaica A rather se vere earth shock was felt at 2:13 o'clock in the morning. It. lasted ten seconds. Two lesser movements fol lowed. No damage was reported. BATTLE OF SOISSOilS AS SEEN BY WRITER ON FIRING LINE By JOHN ASHTON. 8polal Correspondent of the Chicago Tribune. Paris. I have just returned to Paris to rest up a day or two and get a few necessaries after a week at the front of the left wing of the allied armies who are facing General von Kluck's army. Farther to the east in a line ex tending from Reims to near Verdun the French are holding their ground against a fierce onslaught of the Ger mans under the prince of Wurt em- burg. I will recount what I have wit nessed during the last few days: Leaving Meaux, we made our way through Varennes and Lizy, the scene of fierce fighting during the battle or the Maine, some details of which gave in my first letter. All the dead have now been interred and the wounded removed from the several deserted villages through which we passed. Find Wrecked German Plane Before arriving at Leerte Milon we came across a German aeroplane which had been brought down by the British.- The English flying squad have been doing grand work in the air not only as scouts but in attacking hostile air craft. It is reported that no less than seventeen German avia tors have fallen victims to the Eng lish flying men. On approaching Vlllers-Cotterets, in the middle of the forest of that name we came across several military auto mobiles, lying by the side of the route, which the Germans had abandoned in their hurried flight to the north. Two Of these were marked "Feld Post (field or military porft). A little far ther on we encountered six large Ger man motor trucks which had evi dently been destroyed by the Ger mans; everything was burnt up ex cept the iron work. These wagons had been left in the road to delay pursuit, but the French had over turned them into the ditch on each side of the road. . Meet German Prisoners. It was' dark when we arrived at Vlllers-Cotterets. Before we had time to get out of our auto I heard a cry: "Voile les Allemands!" (here come the Germans!) and, indeed, a moving gray mass soon came into Bight, sur rounded by a cavalry escort. There were about 100 of them, prisoners, marching in the cold rain. Many of them wore Red Cross arm bands, and I noticed a few officers among the bunch. Their expresslonn was sour and sullen, but considering their pri vations, they looked fit enough phys ically. These were men that bad got lost in the forest and failed to catch up with their columns. Many prisoners re taken in a similar way on both sides. Sometimes they come strag gling in half starved to death. Pass Night In a Chateau. We passed the night in an old chat eau. The town was lull or troops, and the hotels packed with officers, so we were very lucky to get under cover at all. A few days previously the Germans had occupied the town the staff having made their headquar ters at this same chateau. The cham ber maid left in charge of the house (the owner and his wife having fled) told us that the Germans had taken away some valuable Gobelin tapes tries; the smaller tapestries had been left. They had also taken away some silver plate, but had left behind many pieces of considerable value. We slept on the floor In tie li brary, in a separate building, one of the finest private libraries I have ever seen, containing several thousand vol umes. A very elegant secretaire in the library had been forced up. the contents ransacked, and the top wrenched off and thrown on the floor. I had nothing to cover me with, and as it was cold I slept very little. We could hear the guns booming the greater part of the night. Approach the Firing Line.' Starting out early in the direction of Soissons, we came upon the Thir teenth regiment of French artillery, at but five miles from the latter town. We could hardly believe we were so close to the firing line, but there they were, twelve guns (known as the Sev-enty-flve). pounding away across the. valley to where the Germans were in trenched. We stopped our auto at a respect able distance and approached the bat teries on foot. The ammunition wag ons and extra horses and men were all drawn up silent and Portionless behind a hedge a short distance from the guns. There was no danger then, as the Germans were replying only to other French batteries lower down the valley. . Very soon the men not busy at the guns began to "surround us. begging tobacco and cigarettes. It is an aw ful thing for these poor soldiers to be deprived of the comforting weed. I saw a great deal of this later, on the field and at hospitals. We had intended to go directly into Soissons by the main road, but the French officers dissuaded us, saying that the Germans would certainly shell our antos. So we went by an other route, to go by Vauxbuin, a village lying in the bottom of the val ley, two and one-half miles from Soissons. Under German Shell Fire. We stopped at an ancient, pictur- I esque chateau, turned into a hospital, I to Inquire about the wounded. Hard ly had we arrived in - front of the gates when German shells began screeching over our heads. We scarcely knew where to go for safety. A fearful crash on our right just be hind the hospital showed that the Ger man range was getting nearer. Some of our party ' naturally became alarmed.v. Then we all crouched down behind our autoa as another shell whistled close to us and dropped in a garden. Two of the spent pieces ac tually fell at our feet and a few sec ond afterwards another spent piece of shell, still hot, struck one of our Party on the leg. It was evident that we were In great danger. Some one said, "stand by the cars." It was a good job we did not take this advice; but we might have done it if at that moment a woman at the door of the village wine shop across the street had not" shouted: "Come Inside, for God's sake! -' Flee Into a Cellar. We did not need twice asking. Hardly had we got across the thresh old when a tremendous noi6e like a million rawhide whips cracking at the same moment, followed by the noise of falling masonry, showed that we were in for a regular bombardment. Everybody rushed for the cellar. As soon as the dust and smoke had cleared away someone crept ud the h steps to look out and returned say ing one of the turrets on each side of the entrance gates to the castle had been completely demolished by the last shell. And still they came, and there we huddled looking into each other's eyes, as well as the dim light would admit, in that Uttle wine cellar with its solid vaulted roof that we prayed might not give way should the house be struck. I shall never forget the time spent in that cellar. There were twenty-three of us, in cluding about seven women of the village and a little boy. We were there from 10:30 a. m. until a little after noon, with shells dropping all around us. One dropped five yards from the door, the shock breaking every pane of glass in the house and making an enormous hole in the road. Another shell struck the ground about twelve feet in front of our cars, Just grazing and mashing a portion' of the village cross. Everything has an end, and we could hear the shells bursting farther and farther away. Still it was deemed prudent to lie low for a bit Eat as Shells Scream. After a time one of the villagers went out at a rear door and brought back a big dish of fried chipped po tatoes and bread, so that with the wine in the cellar we made a hearty lunch under the circumstances. We were very hungry, as we had eaten nothing since the previous evening. When it was safe to get out we found that the shell that dropped near the cars had burst two tires on the car I rode in, had smashed all three of the wind shields, and filled the car bodies and covers full of holes. The cars looked as if they had been pep pered with machine guns. Luckily the engines were not damaged in the least. The Germans, being deeply In trenched in old chalk quarries, a sort of natural fortress in the hillsides overlooking Soissons, continued to reply to the numerous French guns with impunity and occasionally to bombard Soissons and Vauxbuin. Up to the time of my leaving this same thing had been going on for over a week. Soissons is in a pitiable state. The Germans have not spared its old ca thedral with its two Gothic spires. From the rear of the hospital at Vauxbuin we had a fine view of this grand old landmark. One of the steeples is broken off about half way. and the other has a big hole in the side, plainly seen three miles off. , I passed about four days here. The artillery firing was terrific from morning to night. The battle ranges over an enormously extended front. I saw some shockingly wounded men while at Vauxbuin. The night before I left five men were brought in with fearful injuries in different parts of the body. A German shell had dropped among eighth artillerymen serving one of the French guns. The other three men were killed on the spot. This Is just an incident among hundreds that are -happening every day. At one village I passed through. where the Germans had left 160 wounded, most of whom were brought In under cover two days after the battle by the French, the doctors asked me, implored me, to try and get some milk for the wounded. Nearly all the cattle have been driven out of the country to safer places or have been requisitioned either by the Ger man or the French forces. Many lives are lost on both sides through exposure and lack of attention after being wounded. Cases of gangrene and tetanus are not infrequent. The doctors and nurses are doing heroic " work, but it often happens that they are very much overcrowded before - they have a chance to remove those wounded who are able to be sent to other hospitals. At Vauxbuin the hos pital was crowded. There were 400 people there, and the house had only accommodations for 100. Huge Jewish Army. Petroe-rAd. A nnnrtor , - a v. m, U1I1UUU Jews are with the Russian forces. This is the largest Jewish army ever gathered since the fall of Jerusalem.