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The. New Governor Makes Numerous . Notable Recommendations to Kansas Law-makers. State Could Have Economy Through Business-like Methods of Operation. Merit System Should be Employed by Both State and County Administrations. Stronger Country Schools, Welfare Measures and a Better Prison, Among Other Suggestions. Executive Office, Topeka, Kan., Jan uary 12, 1915. Gentlemen of the Legislature: According to custom and the pro visions of the Constitution of Kansas, I su-bmlt these suggestions and recom mendations upon those public matters which seem to me of immediate con cern. You have met to provide for a more expeditious conduct of public busi ness; to make such changes in the statutes as time, experience and ever changing conditions may indicate are required; to enact such new legisla tion as the needs of the people de mand. I am sure every member of tooth houses fully appreiate this - re sponsibility. I hope I may be par doned If in my zeal to do my part, I remind you individually that although you owe a duty to the district which you represent, your higher duty is to all the people of Kansas. The pres sure of special interests, the demands of special sections of the state, the needs of friends, all must be subordi nated to the good of the people as a whole. We are not here to legislate for any section, nor for any political party, but for the whole state, and "log rolling" and "swapping votes" and "playing politics" must have no place in our program. Nor should our time he frittered away in unimportant local legislation in which the great body of the people have no interest. We must 'be sure that our appropria tion bills are free from the taint of the "pork barrel." I urge both houses to adijpt the rule that no member of the legislature from a distrit in which there is a state institution shall be made a member of the ways and swans committee. Kansas is ripe for a constructive legislative program. The state is hap pily free from bitter partisan strife; no one question of overshadowing im portance divides us. We have an ex ceptional opportunity of giving to the problems which shall come before us, the unbiased and non-partisan delib eration which should precede all leg islation: of studying the needs of the state; of investigating the evils and abuses of our political system; of weighing the new demands of a new age; of giving the people of Kansas our most honest and conscientious and efficient service. This does not imply the enactment of a great number of laws. It is recog nized that the tendency of our day is toward too much legislation too many ill-advised, useless, contradic tory and ambiguous laws, inevitably the breeders of misunderstanding, strife and litigation. Your effort should toe to simplify existing laws and to make every new enactment so simple that the most humble citizen may understand and respect it, so plain and explicit that the most pow erful cannot evade it. Economy Through Efficiency. Kansas, in common with the other states, has experienced in the last decade an increase in the cost of gov ernment and the burdens of taxation far 'beyond the increase of population. In twelve years public expenditures have increased 68 per cent in the state; 77 per cent in the county; 153 per cent in the city; 119 per cent in the township; 132 per cent for schools. While most of this increase has been for local purposes (the state taxes being only 53,371.998 out of a total of $29,483,883 for the last tax year), the state should set an example of economy It should keep down ap propriations to the very limit consist ent with imperative demands. This is simply exercising the prudence that business men generally are practicing at this time. The increase in state expenditures is due partly to the en larged functions of government made necessary toy new industrial condi tions: -by the establishing of new and needed state institutions; and by the Increased cost of the necessities of life in the markets of the world. But a belief is growing in Kansas, as else where, that the business methods oc 7 the state and county governments have not kept step with the best methods of the day; that they are neither the most efficient nor the most economical. Kansas must rearrange and readjust its entire system of ad ministration on a more scientific basis. Needless duplication of effort must be eliminated, responsibility be concen trated end different departments be co-ordinated. To do this, in my opin ion, cannot fail to increase efficiency and to diminish cost to give the peo ple much better . service for less money. Infecent years the state has de voted much energy to regulating pri vate or semi-public business, with beneficial results. It should now re- - organize and regulate its own busi ness. An All-State Efficlewv and Economy Committee. I recommend and urge upon the leg islature that it appoint immediately a joint' committee on efficiency and economy. After a thorough analysis of the present organization of the state, county and township govern ments in Kansas, a study of what other states notably Minnesota and lows. are doing to increase and con centrate the responsibility of officials to make their responsibility to the peo - pie more direct and to produce greater unity f action among the -different departments of government. "1 I nope this committee -will present for the consideration of the legislature at this session, a plan of reorganization which shell abolish, needless offices, boards and commissions, concentrate and center responsibilities, eliminate duplication of authority and reduce the public business to a compact and smoothly-working unit. This legis lature has many members with wide experience In public affairs. I am con vinced they can devise a plan In keep ing with modern business systems, which ultimately will not only save money for the taxpayers of the state, but will greatly increase, and strength en the efficiency of our government, bring men of highest grade and great est ability into the public service and relieve the public of the annoyance, expense and delay of unnecessary red tape. " The committee should have the power to call to its aid such expert advice as It may require, and should invite the suggestions of business men and other citizens. Combine or Abolish Boards. I feave no wish to define the scope of this committee's work, but I do desire to suggest that in my opinion the consolidating of many state boards, commissions and ofnees can be effected with improvement rather than detriment to the public business. The state inspection system should be overhauled thoroughly. Recently, the state auditor learned that six dif ferent state inspectors had been in the same little town on the same day, do ing work that one Inspector probably could have done equally well. The state board of irrigation should be Immediately abolished. It is an ab solute waste of the state's money to continue its existence. The work can easily be done toy the present staff of the Agricultural college. - The Judicial districts of the state may toe reduced greatly In number without Impairing the service at the courts or increasing the law's delay. The board of correction can be abolished and its duties performed by the board of control. The offices of hotel commissioner, two members of the state barber 'board, and oil inspector can all be abolished and their work done by ex isting employes In other departments. Several state offices, the duties of which are purely administrative or clerical, such as the superintendent of insurance, state printer, superintend ent of public institution, and possibly others, should, I 'believe, be made ap pointive Instead of elective, in the in terest of concentrating responsibility. County government can be simpli fied greatly by reorganizing and con solidating some of the offices, making others appointive and reducing sal aries in keeping with the salaries paid by private business for the perform ance of similar duties. ' I do not consider a constitutional convention necessary to accomplish these reforms. Most of these changes can be made under our present con stitution; where they cannot, an amendment should be submitted to the people reducing the number of elective state offices and providing for four-year terms with the power of re call at any time. State and County Merit System. Any plan of administration which contemplates a concentrating of re-J sponsibility is open to the dangers which follow the creation of a bu reaucracy. But these dangers may be Avoided by strengthening the merit system and extending it to all branches of state and county govern ment. We now have a civil service law applying to a few state Institu tions; but the weakness of this law Is apparent when we see how recklessly it has been disregarded and violated. We will never attain an efficient nor economic government until offices, large and small, are removed from the hands of spoilsmen. I urge the enact ing of a civil service law so explicit and so strong that no partisan offi cial will dare evade it, basing all re wards, promotion and salaries solely on merit, on loyalty and Industry in the public service. j" Public Welfare. , The conservation of human life and human resource's is every year assum ing a larger and larger place in Amer ican ideals of government. We are realizing that human life is the chief asset of the state; and we are using our governmental machinery more and more not only to maintain but also to increase and better the condi tions of life and health and the social wellbeing of the people. We have learned already that if we are to per petuate the state, "we must not only produce citizens, tout good citizens men and women of sound bodies, clear minds and clean souls. We now con sider as fundamental economic func tions of the state, many duties that were left a generation ago to chance. And this change in our attitude to ward the life and health of the indi vidual is not sentimental nor entirely humanitarian in its source; it is based cn the soundest economic principles. No question which will come before you can be of more vital or far-reach ing import than those problems which we have come to group under the gen eral head of public welfare. It Is our duty to see that our future citizens are well-born; that they are properly nourished and are reared in that en vironment most likely to develop in them their full capacity and powers. It is our duty to them, from motives of Humanity, to "give them a chance in life;" It Is our duty to the state. from an economic motive, to develop them into good and useful citizens for the state. Needed Welfare Measures. To promote a higher type ot citizen ship, to Insure to every child born in Kansas a record - of birth, an equal share In the paternal care ox the gov ernment and a recognition of its potential worth as a future citizen recommend the establishment of a. di vision of child hygiene as a part of the state board of health. This new divis ion should take into account the cir cularizing of the expectant mother who applies for information, the care of the new-born babe and the well- being, health and nurture of the grow ins child. 1 1 ' In the same general line of public welfare, I recommend the enactment of laws on the following subjects: I. To assist needy - and ' worthy mothers by a compensation wtoicn shall enable them to care Sar depend ent minor children at home instead of their being cared for in institutions. - 2.. To designate certain existing officials to comprise and act as an in dustrial welfare committee with power to establish and enforce wage schedule and to regulate the hours of women and minors in industry. 3. To provide for the paying of con victs earnings to . their - dependent families, after a sufficient sum is de--d acted for the convict's maintenance. 4. To give organized labor the right to select the officers of the state la bor bureau. 5. To help solve the problem of the unemployed toy extending the activi ties of the free employment bureau. 6. To strengthen, the workmen's compensation act for tie toetter pro tection of the workers. 7. To promote the safety and safe guard the interests of railroad men and the traveling public. 8. To compel employers to report promptly to the labor department all accidents occurring in factories or mines. 9. To make child desertion by either father or mother a crime. 10. To broaden the 9200 tax ex emption law by removing the dis crimination against certain classes of women. II. -To authorize cities of the first and second class to establish public loan Institutions that the loan shark evil may be abated. Stronger Rural Schools. Only 5 per cent of the boys and girls of Kansas ever go to college. For the 95 per cent whose only means of schooling Is the district or the city sohool, we must provide what we are not now providing, an education tihat will toetter fit them lor the struggle of life. " A boy or girl who has 'gone through eight grades should possess a com plete, practical education and should have received special training in some specific line of work, fitting him-or her to earn a livelihood. Vocational work should be done In all the schools beginning with the fifth grade. Wher ever conditions favor it, the establish ing ofa consolidated sohool or oi a township high school is worthy of much consideration. . We should pro vide for and encourage a wider use of school plants, making of them edu cational and social centers for all the people throughout the year. I believe that the office of state Bupennieuuenc or- pumic inBtnxMion, f as well as that of county superinten-1 dent, should be removed entirely from politics. An institution which supplements the work of the public schools and readies every remote farm house In the state is the Kansas Traveling Li brary. In the last two years it - has sent out a total of 61,250 books, reach ing. It is estimated, 300,000 persons. I recommend that ample funds for a continuation of its good work be pro vided. - . Free Text Books for Schools.' All school books should be supplied to the children of Kansas free of cost. I recommend compulsory district and municipal ownership of such hooks. Twenty-one states now follow this plan successfully. I also favor a law properly safeguarded, providing for the use of supplementary books. I am convinced the state can publish the text books needed for use in the common schools at a material saving to the people. During the last two years the state printing plant has been enlarged with this purpose in view. So . far only three books have been issued. It is,, of course, physically impossible for the state to undertake. during the next two years, the pub- lishing of all the books to be required in the public schools of all grades. I therefore recommend that an appro priation be made sufficient to print such books within the present ca pacity of the printing plant, as, in the judgment of the school book com mission, are most immediately needed. Rural Credits Association. Farming is our biggest business in Kansas. Our prosperity, our progress. our very existence depend on it. It is a business in great need of financial relief. . The farmers of Kansas are sorely in need of a credit system meeting their special - requirements. that they may more readily obtain money on short or long time for their farming operations, or that they may become owners of farms.- Our present system of credit Is based on business as conducted In cities, where capital Is turned quickly. In New York, Ohio and in other states this need has been met by legislation providing for rural loan and savings associations similar to the building and loan associations in the cities. Co-operative Societies. The necessity for a better organized farm industry in the United States is now generally regarded as urgent- Kansas has no adequate law encourag ing and providing for the formation and conduct of farmer co-operative societies such as exists in the states of . Wisconsin, Minnesota, Nebraska and Iowa. As we live in one of the foremost . agricultural states, we should not be backward in providing every condition, which will aid our greatest industry. Abolish Nominating Petitions. Several amendments should be made to the primary and general election laws to improve them, but such changes must in no way interfere with a full and free expression of the peo ple's choice in naming the candidates to be voted on at general elections. The direct primary law of Kansas has become a part of our political system I and our efforts should.be to simplify it, to render it more direct, ratner than to weaken or discredit it I snggest the law toe modified to eliminate nomination 'petitions, substi tuting therefor a small entrance fee. The names of judicial "candidates at the -primary should be printed upon each party ballot and not upon a sep arate ballot, that there may be a fuller expression of choice. Campaign ex penditures should be limited "to a rea sonable sum commensurate with-the salary of the ornce, so that- a poor man may have the same opportunity as a rich man. Smoking in polling places should be prohibited. Two sets of judges and clerks of election should be provided for every congested pre cinct. Improvement of Road. I am unreservedly in favor of the improvement of public highways.. The framers ,of our constitution conferred this work on the counties. Until the people, toy amendment, change the con stitution, I urge that the counties co operate with one another, that future road work be more uniform and -done In such a way that it will result in connected and continuous highways. I recommend such amendments be made "to the present law. We have found the best and cheaD- est road In Kansas is the dragged road. When the work is done at the right time the .expense and labor of keeping it np Is small. A well-organized drag system will do more to give any Kansas county fine roads, than the expenditure of a, much greater amount of money in building and maintaining a single highway. The highways will come, but good commun ity roads are our first need. Welcome1 Europe's Farm Workers.' Following the war in Europe a lance increase of European 'immigration to the United States Is to be expected, of which the largest part is and al ways has been made up of men skilled In farming. The farming interests of the United States may then obtain the better class of these immigrants, provided measures are taken to at tract them before they are dispersed to tne manufacturing districts, for which they are poorly fitted. These emigrants will come here with their faith in American ' ideals made stronger than ever by the failure of the European system of government and diplomacy. They are a high type of farm -workers. Kansas needs just such trained farm hands and farm tenants, and it will be wise to prepare to obtain our share of the most de sirable of these emigrants. - This can be done by attaching to one of the ex isting bureaus or departments of state an immigration agency that will keep In touch with the demand for such labor in the state and will supply printed matter, setting forth the at tractions and opportunities Kansas has to offer to -the farm workers of Europe. Remodel the Prison With Convict Labor. A non-partisan committee of experts was appointed under my predecessor to examine the penitentiary buildings and make recommendations for their improvement. " This commission has recommended that the penitentiary , . - - , . T uo ask you to give its recommendation most eareful attention. It is pointed out that the greater part of the raw materials for reconstruction is to be found on state property; that prison labor can be used for nearly all the work of construction, . excepting the i skilled superintendence; that we can use all of the old plant which has value: that we can construct what will be virtually a new penitentiary at a minimum of cost, and that a large number of prisoners, how unskilled men, can be trained to become skilled artisians, which will more than double their earning power after their re lease, -i .. .. .. - , . . ; . -Abolish " the Fee -System." . The fee system of compensation for public services opens the way to abuses which are almost universally condemned. While fees as compensa tion have been abolished in connec tion with most public offices, the sys tem stril remains in connection with certain state and county offices. I urge the enacting of a law which will abolish the fee system in state and county governments, as now conduct er, and specifically providing that all fees of whatsoever nature collected by public officials or employes shall be paid into the general revenue fund. Check Up County Officials. Our present system of handling county funds is loose, slipshod and utterly unbusiness-like. I recommend a law requiring the county clerk or county auditor to check all county of ficials at frequent intervals, to check out all outgoing officials and to check in all incoming officials. This is -not provided for in our present sys tem of county government. Change . In Banking Laws. In view of the radical changes re cently .made In our national currency and banking system by the "establish ing of the federal reserve banks, I recommend that our state banking laws be so amended as to enable any state bank which bo desires to avail itself of the provisions of the new federal law. Keep Faith With the People. 1 particularly urge that the ways and means committees of each house report the appropriation bills at the earliest practical day, so that they may have careful consideration before the rush of the closing sessions. I recommend the adopting of the initiative and referendum; an amend ment to the utility commission law prohibiting the use of free railroad passes by members and employes of the commission; the enacting of a presidential primary law; an amend ment to the constitution to provide for a verdict in civil cases by three fourths of the members of a jury; and the strengthening of the "Blue Sky" law, so that theta may be no question of its constitutionality. The attention of the legislature is directed to the disgraceful condition of the state house grounds and to the lack of a proper system of lighting for the grounds and the capitol itself. In conclusion I wish to emphasize again the urgent necessity for a policy of strict economy. The suggestions and recommendations I have made do not in any instance call for the crea tion of new offices nor new boards and commissions ; but provide for re ducing the number of public officials and increasing the duties and respon sibilities of all In the public service. I - earnestlr appeal -to the mem bers . of both - branches of the leg islature to lay aside partisan poll tics; to show the people that we are not "here to make political capital nor campaign thunder; but as true pa triots conscientiously to consider nerr auestion which comes before us or its true merits in behalf of the best interests of Kansas. I believe- this legislature will keep faith with the people. Respectfully suDminea. ARTHUR CAPPER. Governor. 1 o,L -id L i:U..t - PEmsn i;mtalvs MAKE DISASTER Towns and Villages Leveled and Their Inhabitants Lie Crashed and Bruised. ROME MUCH DAMAGED Many Fine Churches " and Statues ' Suffer, But There Was No Loss of Life in City Naples Shaken, Too. Roine, Jan. 14. Italy again has been visited by an earthquake of wide ex tent, which, according to the late ad vices, has resulted In the death - of thirteen thousand persons and injury to possibly twenty thousand more in the towns and villages destroyed. The shock was the strongest Rome has felt in more than a hundred years. The town of Avezzano, in the Ab ruzzi Department, sixty-three miles east of Rome, has been leveled "to the ground. There eight thousand per sons are reported to have been killed. In many small towns surrounding Rome buildings were partly wrecked, while at Naples a panic occurred and houses fell at Caserta, a short dis tance to the east. Shock Was Widespread. From below -Naples In the south to Ferrera In the north, a distance of more than 300 miles, and across .al most the width of the country the un dulatory movement continued for a considerable period. ," . - In Rome it was thought at first that two shocks had occurred, but the sela mographic instruments in the observa tories showed there was only one, which beginning at 7:55 o'clock In the morning, lasted from twenty-two to thirty seconds. In the capital itself, so far as known there was no loss of lifer but a great deal of damage was done, churches and statues suffering most. The build ings on both sides of the Porta del Popolo, the north entrance to Rome, threatened to fall and the eagle decor ating the gate crashed to the ground Shook the Obelisk. - The obelisk in St. Peter s square was shaken and badly damaged, while the statue of St. John Lateran and the statues of the Apostles surmounting the-Basilica are in danger of collaps ing. The famous colonnade decorat ing St. Peter's Square was lowered four i feet ; while the adjacent house, once occupied by the- Sisters- of Pope Pius X, was badly cracked. Owing to the wide extent of the dis turbance " . and the terrible conse quences, the actual effects of the earth- quake are not at present known, ow ing to the cutting off of communica tions. , The fortified city of Aquila has in this way been cut off, but It is report ed several villages in that region were destroyed. Likewise, Potenza, capital of the province of the same name, on the eastern declivity of the Apennines which has a population of nearly twenty thousand, has been isolated. In 1857 this town was almost de stroyed by an earthquake. Pope and King Offer Aid. Pope Benedict was reciting ' the thanksgiving after the morning mass when the shock occurred. The pontiff retained his composure and gave or ders immediately that the damage inside and outside the Vatican be as certained and requested a report whether assistance was required. King Victor Emmanuel also ordered the minister of the Interior to furnish him with all details of the"earthquake. The king expressed a desire to visit the damaged cities. " At the capitol two magnificent can' dlesticks fell and were broken." At the Palazzo Del Drago, where Thomas Nelson Page, the American ambassa dor, lives, several cracks in the build ing, which already had existed, openecT wider and plaster fell in several of the rooms. The glass was broken in the embassy office. Church of St. John Lateran Damaged. In addition to the statue of St, Paul, on the column of Marcus Aurelius, the facade of the Church of St. John Lat eran was damaged," and the statue of the Savior, "which is fifty feet high, was twisted out of plumb. In the Lateran Palace,' , especially that part occupied by the Profane Mu seum, the earthquake caused cracks of sufficient size to permit outside light to penetrate the building. The ball of the chamber of deputies like wise was cracked. - " Among other edifices damaged were the churches of St. Andria Fratte and St. Agatha of the Goths, the latter be ing the oldest - church of Teutonic origin In Rome. - " Morgan to Lend . to Czar. Petrograd, Jan. 14. A group of New York bankers, including J. P. Morgan & Co- have agreed to lend the Rus sian government $12,000,000, according to an official announcement ' made here today. Zapata Quits the Capital. . Galveston, Jan. 14. The City " of Mexico was evacuated by General Zapata's forces today, according to an official cablegram from Vera Cruz to Juan Burns, the Carranzista consul at this place. r- vcun- WELFARE is at stake when yoa neglect the Stom ach, Liver and Bowels. Poor health will soon overtake you. Keep up "to the mark" by assisting these organs in their work with the help of nOSTETTERS Stomach Bitters It makes the appetite keen and aids digestion. Try a bottle. 1 . Sized Up. Mrs. Crawford What makes yoa think that she knows her husband thoroughly? Mrs. Crabshaw Because she can tell exactly how much money to take out ot his pocket without his missing It" Judge. ' - A Prophet Without Honor. Mrs. Flubdub I'm afraid It's going to rain today. Mr. Flubdub Obi. I think not. I just saw the weather man going down the street with an umbrella. Judge. Came Natural. Bacon They say that president tA the bank who got away with a lot of the money began his career as jani tor of the Institution. . Egbert Never - forgot his early training to clean out tbe bank, evi dently. IVs Off. "How about you and that telephone girl? "She has sent me back my solitaire." "Ring off. eh?" Almost Human. . - "I'm going on a strike," said the match. " "Better not," responded the old pipe. "You'll lose your bead if you do." -. Why Is It that the average man will economize on his luxuries rather than on his necessities? - A bank teller generally has a pay ing job. But, then, monkeys bad the first ' family trees. . "' A joke is seldom as funny the morn- . Ing after as it was the night before. Your own phonograph always sounds better than your neighbor's.' Beauty Is Only Skin Deep It is vitally nec essary there fore, that you take good care of your skin. ZONA POMADE if used regularly will beautify and preserve your complexion and help you retain the bloom of early youth for many years. Try it for 30 days. If not more than satisfied you get your money back. 50c at druggists or mailed direct. Zona Company, WicMta, Kan. DEFIANCE STARCH is constantly growing in favor because it Does Not Stick to the Iron and it will not injure the finest fabric. For laundry purposes it has no equal. 16 ox. package 10c 1-3 more starch for same money. DEFIANCE STARCH CO., Omaha. Nebraska For Testing tTSrS safc HARDY rmtr Mother Boo Appto QraiM mkm icorona. r)y bea-rlnf. heavily iruiwnj. cmhi mewmo, umg uvma trees. To pro their worth. ra fer Onfii (routed) for teatinc. ME win iws 10 oeip cover COOT - fcxsa opm bamis ef ppUs in , ffrw years usaww iwiiibs; mtem wort I crwarm frvita. EVFJLBZAIU VCl IfUWBnL lues. , rxtn. Wru The Law of financial Success" a book with real Bread and Batter valve, complete ZSe postpaid. May mean tbotisajids of dollars to too. Ttim fidelity Conairanjr. Itox Fratoo, Caic WANTFH to bear from owner of rood farm for sale. Bend description and Kansas Cify Directory -- - ...... n Theatrical and Masqueraoi 1 1 mdstoonliiraadfMtMtt nri J. A.MOTT OPTICAL CO. call on on. Mail us jronr brake S-Immcb, repaired the atune 91 YEARS IN Tub- diioiuf.. MiBKfT QUOTATIONS IDBMSaED Cw J. C. UUJ LIU dlUUK UC..I. L J. 6 20 and 622 Uv Stock Ejt, Knui City. Me. W. N. U, KANSAS CITY, NO. 3-1915. m aj7 a-w, -.