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WHAT THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY IS DOING
As is indicated by its title, the Bureau of
Animal Industry's Quarantine Division con
cerns itself with protecting the farmer from
imported animal diseases by means of the
inspection and quarantine of live stock
brought into this country. During the past
year particular attention was paid to con
ditions along the Mexican border to prevent
the introduction from that country of cattle
infested with ticks. Notwithstanding the
disturbed conditions across the border,
Mexico's importations into the United States
of all animals except swine have increased
during the past year.
In addition to its quarantine work, this
division also answers inquiries concerning
certain diseases of live stock and, in cooper
ation with State authorities, endeavors to
eradicate such dangerous affections as tuber
culosis, glanders, dourine, and anthrax.
Individual farmers who write to the division
for information about the eradication of
these diseases will receive such information
as is available.
The Quarantine Division does a great deal
of its work at the ports of entry along the
Mexican and Canadian borders, through
which thousands of cattle, sheep, goats,
horses, and swine pass yearly. - On the
Atlantic coast, stations are maintained for
the inspection and quarantine of imported
animals, at New York, Boston, and Balti
more, and on the Pacific seaboard, San
y Francisco and San Diego, Cal., and Port
Townsend, Blaine, and Spokane, Wash., are
designated ports of entry.
The division's inspection, however, ex
tends even further than this, for the Bureau
of Animal Industry maintains two veter
inary inspectors in Great Britain who exam
ine shipments of animals purchased by im
porters before the animals have left their
native country. '
Not only are animals inspected by the
division but a close supervision is kept over
all hides, horns, bones, glue stock, horse
hair, wool, and feedstuffs which are brought
into this country. This is to keep out such
infections as anthrax and foot-and-mouth
Other countries often demand the inspec
tion and certification of live stock before they
can be admitted. No cattle, sheep, swine, or
goats can be exported from the United States
to any foreign country until the same have
been inspected and found free from disease.
Horses, however, may be shipped without
inspection and certification, at shipper's
risk, to countries which do not demand these
requirements. Where countries require in
spection and certification, horses to be ex
ported are entitled to inspection by the
Quarantine Division and certificates are
issued by that division. Canada, for in
stance, requires the mallein test for horses
and mules, imported from the United States,
but will accept our Quarantine Division's
certificates. The farmer with a shipment of
horses for Canada may call on this branch of
the department for the proper certificates,
which will do away with the necessity for
inspection in Canada.
The Quarantine Division cooperates with
another division of the Bureau of Animal In
dustry (the Pathological Division, which will
be described later) in the endeavor to eradi
cate the dangerous horse disease, dourine.
Animals that have the disease are placed in
quarantine and appraised and slaughtered
as rapidly as possible under the supervision
of State and bureau veterinarians. In in
demnifying owners there has been adher
ence, so far as practicable, to State laws gov
erning appraisal and destruction of diseased
horse stock. One-half the appraised valua
tion of animals destroyed has been paid
from bureau funds, such share, however, not
exceeding $100 for any one animal. There
has been general and hearty cooperation on '
the part of horsemen in connection with
efforts to eradicate this disease.
The. Quarantine Division conducts the co
operative work in connection with the eradi
cation of bovine tuberculosis and demon
strates by the proper application of tuber
culin tests, followed by post-mortem exami
nations of reacting cattle, and the cleaning
and disinfection of infected" premises, the
efficiency of the test, supplemented by these
measures, as a means for the eradication of
tuberculosis. This cooperation is extended
to cattle owners who enter into an agree
ment with the bureau for the control of
their herds, to States, health departments of
cities, and to some of the certified milk com
missions. All matters pertaining to infor
mation relative to the control of tuberculosis
. in separate herds or within the boundaries
of a State are referred to this division, which
sends out the available information.
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