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RUSSIA PLANS TO
PROTECT WARSAW To Prevent City's Exposure is Said to be Object of the Present Retreat. ALLIES GAIN IN DARDANELLES Brilliant Attacks at Krithia Result in Advance of 1,000 Yards, Says London Report. London, July 1. The Austro-Germans continue their almost unbroken advance in Galicia and over the Polish frontier, while the fighting in the west ern theater has developed nothing to alter the situation. A brief Austrian communication re ceived this afternoon indicated that the Teutons were being held up along the Gnila Li pa, but a subsequent and fuller official statement made no such admission, although conceding that hard fighting in this sector was in progress. On that part of the eastern front to the north and northwest of Lemberg it is claimed that the Russians are falling back precipitately, the Austrc Germans having occupied another Pol ish town, Zawicbost, just over the frontier. The present posititon of the Russian forces covers a great semi circle around Lemberg, the two tips of which, to the north and to the south of the capital, the Austro-Germans are attempting to roll back. In the mean time they are hurling great masses of soldiers at the center in the vicinity of Tomaszow. To Protect Warsaw. The success of this movement would Bo sever the Russian armies as to leave Warsaw unprotected from the rear and the desire to checkmate this apparent ly explains the continued Russian re tirement to the north. A Dardanelles Gain. A British official statement issued today regarding the operations of the Anglo-French forces against the Dar danelles says the plan of operations on June 28 was to throw forward the left of this line southeast of Krithia, pivot ing on a point about one mile from the sea and, after advancing on the ex treme left for about half a mile, estab lish a new line facing east on the ground thus gained. GERMANS KILL MORE NEUTRALS Submarine Sinks Freight Liner Ar menian Off English Coast Prob ably a Score Drowned. "Washington, July 1. The dominion freight liner Armenian, flying the Brit ish flag and carrying mules from New port News, Va., to England, was tor pedoed and sunk Monday night by the German submarine U-38 oft Cornwall, England. Nearly a score of Americans aboard are reported lost, according to messages received by the State De partment today from Consul John S. Armstrong, jr., at Bristol. Twenty nine men in all were lost and ten in jured. " The news created a sensation in offi cial quarters, as it was the first case of loss of American lives since the sinking of the Lusitania. The gravity of the incident, however, and the ac tion of the Washington government de pends almost entirely on whether the Armenian was chartered- by the Brit ish government and was in fact a transport of war, aboard which Amer icans would sail at their own risk, or whether she was an unarmed mer chantman. In the latter case, even though carrying contraband, the ship should have been subjected to visit and search and those aboard transferred to a place of safety before the destruction of the vessel was attempted. In the absence of official information on these points officials declined to say what effect the sinking of the Armen ian would have on pending negotia tions between the United States and Germany. TO PROTECT OUR WIRELESS Government Seriously Considering Taking Over Plant at Sayville, I I. - New Submarine Campaign. Washington, July 1. An expected new German submarine campaign caused the recent tightening of the American wireless censorship, it was learned today from an unquestioned source here. The United States is seriously con sidering taking over the wireless sta tion at Sayville, L. L, one of the two plants y which direct communication between the United States and Ger many is maintained. The other sta tion, t Tuckerton, N. J., already is un der government control. A $50,000 Fire at Firth, Neb. Firth, Neb July 1. Fire here early today caused a loss estimated at $50,- 000. The Bank of Firth and several other buildings "were destroyed. It is believed that the blaie was caused toy lightning striking . the bank build ing: - " Hail Killed Texas Girt. Tahoka. Tex., July 1. Large hail stones pounded 16-year-old Ruby Mears to death after a high 'wind, knocked her down as she fled -for safety from storm ruins of her home. ANSWERS ABOUT FRYE CASE United States Tolls Germany She Had N Right to Sink the American Freight Ve Waanmgton. June 29. By agree ment with the German -foreign office, the state department has made pub lic the text of the note sent on June 24 by the United States, asking Germany to reconsider her refusal to settle by direct diplomatic negotia tions, instead o' by prize court pro ceedings, the claim presented on be half of the captain and owners of the American ship William P. Frye, sunk with her cargo of wheat by the Prinz Eitel Friedrich. Ambassador Gerard cabled that he delivered the note last Saturday afternoon. The American government declares that inasmuch as Germany has admit ted liability for the sinking of the Frye, under the treaty of 1828, prize court proceedings are unnecessary and not binding-upon the United States. Aside from the question of how the indemnity should be paid, the note brings out clearly the refusal of the United States to accept the contention that Germany has a right to stop the carrying of contraband by American ships by the destruction of the con traband and the ship -carrying it. While no mention of submarine war fare was made in either the last Ger man note or the present reply, occa sion was taken to deny this right, be cause of a belief that admission of it now might in the future be used as a justification for submarine attacks on American ships. AMERICANS FOR GERMANY? Dr. Meyer Gerhard Tells Berlin that Majority of People Here Are Against Allies. Berlin, June 30. The people of the United States would vote to prohibit the sale of arms and ammunition to the Allies if a popular referendum were held. Dr. Anton Meyer-Gerhard, special envoy for Ambassador Bern storff, declared in an article in Der Tag today. Doctor Meyer-Gerhard, who came to Germany to inform the kaiser and the foreign office officials of the exacf sentiment in America with regard to Germany, declared he was satisfied the American people as a whole were most friendly to Germany. "On the other hand," he said, "the Americans condemn Germany's viola tion of the neutrality of Belgium and the sinking of the Lusitania. They are unable to understand the German idea on these points, just as Germans are unable to understand why Ameri cans should travel on ammunition car rying ships. Both peoples are labor ing under entirely different ideas. But both have heretofore lived in peace and friendship and since no real rea son for antagonism exists, they should continue to do so." NEW REVOLUTION IN MEXICO Former Officers and Soldiers Under Diaz and Huerta Crossing from United States. Washington, June 30. A new and very formidable revolt in Northern Mexico seemed certain today. The sit uation was increasingly serious. Confidential advices from border points was that "professional gun men," chiefly of the halfbreed type, former federal soldiers and officers under Diaz and Huerta, have been crossing into Mexico in large numbers all armed and said to be going to a rendezvous. The arrest of Huerta and Orozco. it was said, will not interfere with this program and an attack on the Villista strongholds of Juarez and Chihuahua was looked for at any time. Villa was reported hurrying north from Aguas Calientes to mass another army near Chihuahua ready for emer gencies. Inasmuch as the newly planned rev olution is exceptionally well financed, it threatens to prove very serious, not only to Carranza's and Villa's schemes but also to President Wilson's hopes of establishing a stable Mexican' gov ernment without American interven tion. OKLAHOMA SWEPT BY STORM Trees Uprooted and Standing Grain Battered to the Ground in Tulsa and Vicinity. Tulsa, Ok, June 28. Heavy damage was wrought by a terrific storm which swept over this locality yesterday morning. The storm was accompanied by a high wind which in places as sumed the proportions of a tornado. Uncut wheat in places is ruined and oats are down, although farmers are inclined to believe much of the latter can be saved. The storm came from the northeast and left uprooted and splintered trees and wrecked buildings in its wake. Ship 75 Million in Cotton. Washington, June 28. An export to tal of approximately 75 million dollars is the indicated record of American manufacture of cotton goods in the fis cal year 1915, while Imports of cotton manufactures probably will fall below 50 million dollars. Bishop William E. Toll Dead. Chicago, June 28. The RL Rev. Wil liam E. Toll, suffragan bishop of the Chicago diocese of the Episcopal church, died today on the stairs lead ing to the elevated railroad. AUSTRO-GEUS KEEP UP DIG DRIVE Russians Forced to Retreat Across the Gnila Lipa in Southeast Galicia. GREAT BRITAIN ANXIOUS NOW Press Voices Hope that Slav Army WiN Soon Find Stopping Place lin in Dardanelles. London, June 30. Driven back over their own frontier north of Lemberg and forced to cross the River Gnila Lipa in southeast Galicia. the Russian armies continue to retreat before the Austro-Germans along a front of ap proximately 250 miles. The Berlin official communication records progress by the Teuton troops in virtually the entire southeastern theater, although violent fighting is still in progress beyond the Gnila Lipa, which joins the Dniester at Halicz. Germans Keep On. Having forced a passage of this stream, General Von Linsingen's army is presumably astride the railway run ning from Halicz to Lemberg and Stanislau, and now doubtless is aim ing at the line which runs from Lem berg to Odessa through HarnopoL It seems evident that Germany is bent on further punishment for the Russians before relaxing the intensity of her Galician campaign, but with the Russians across the frontier the Germans will have to rely almost sole ly on road transport and their ad vances will necessarily be slower. Britons Sound Warning. The British press is still voicing the hope that the Russians will soon find a tenable line and deliver a counter blow, but there is a note of anxiety in nearly all their accounts, together with the warning that either the cap ture of Warsaw or the seizure of the great railway lines which supply it would be disastrous to Russia and surely would be followed by another general German offensive in the West. Notwithstanding the French attacks around Arras, it is argued that the Germans must feel comparatively se cure in the West else they would not have risked their tremendous envelop ing move against the Russians. The French are persisting in their assaults in the neighborhood of Arras, but with out appreciable change in the situa tion. Allies Gain in Dardanelles. Rome, June 30. The correspondent of the Piccolo in a message from Con stantinople, via Sofia, cables: "I have just received authentic news that action of Anglo-French fleet in Dardanelles has been renewed with great violence and is meeting with important success.'- Russian Retreat Orderly. London, June 29. With the Russian emperor on the Galician front, a new minister of war. General Polivanoff, in charge of Russian military affairs and the grand duke's lines still intact, there is a general expectation that the Russian forces will yet oppose strong resistance to the Austro-Germans, whose sweep along the southeastern part of Galicia still continues. The latest advices virtually agree that the Russian retreat has been an orderly one, although obliged to evac uate such important towns as Lem berg, Mikolaiow and Halicz, but this. It is estimated by Petrograd, has been for the purpose of seeking better de fensive positions which the nature of the country further to the east affords. In this withdrawal movement hard battles have been fought and the Rus sians' rear guards have contested stubbornly every mile of territory the Austro-Germans have gained. No Transfer to the West. So far as can be learned, the Teu tonic allies are not transferring any of their eastern forces to the western zone, but are devoting all their men and strength to the Galician campaign andNto a further attempt to strike at Warsaw, the Polish capital. - Describing the Russian retreat on the Gnila Lipa River June 26, the Rus sian war office says: zowice-Halicz front." The latest Russian official commun ication indicates that a -serious battle is being fought on the left bank of the Vistula, in Poland, where, in attacks in the Ozarow district, particularly against the town of Gliniany, the Aus trians were repulsed and suffered great losses. In the western theater comparative calm prevails, no important gains or actions being reported by either side. Italians to Dardanelles. Paris, June 29. Announcement was made at the French ministry of war today that according to the Italian press Italy has broken diplomatic re lations with Turkey. Italy, it is added, will send troops to the Dardanelles. Confirm a Carranza Defeat. Washington, June 29. Further con firmation of the defeat of the Carranza army advancing on the City or Mexico, brought to Vera Cruz by an American from the capital, was received today by the state department. Names More Trade Envoys. Washington. Jane 23. Secretary McAdoo today announced additional appointments to the committee in charge of arrangements for the visit of U. S. business men and financiers to South and Central America. PRINCESS ELIZABETH 7v .1 Princess Elizabeth, fiancee of the crown prince of Greece, is said to be the handsomest princess in Eu rope. Her father is King Ferdi nand of Roumania. Her mother is Princess Mary of Great Britain. BELGIAN CONDITIONS BETTER The Rockefeller Foundation Makes an Interesting Report on Situation ir Europe at Present. New York, June 28. The outstand ing feature of the situation among non-combatants in Kurope today, as ob served by the Rockefeller Foundation's War Relief Commission, is that the more highly organized communities are themselves finding it possible to alleviate acute distress among their peoples. This announcement was made in a report of the war relief commission, just issued by the Rocke feller Foundation. The commission has completed a careful survey of con ditions as they affect non-combatants in all the countries at war except Italy and Turkey, and a visit to these last named countries is planned at an early date. "At the outset of the war, and due to its sudden development," the com mission's report says, "there was a se vere dislocation of economic life throughout the world, not alone in bel ligerent countries. A readjustment now has been affected and the popula tions have become measurably adapt ed to war conditions. Thus, even countries like Belgium now are able to help themselves to a degree impos sible six months ago, though Belgium still is wholly dependent on the com mission for relief In Belgium for the Importation of food supplies and would again be confronted by famine if im portation were stopped. "Suffering and want still are acute in Servia, Russian Poland and in parts of Galicia. Servia and Montenegro still are in the throes of typhus, and substantial economic or social recup eration is impossible at present. The summer weather continues, the thor ough going economy, self denial and mutual co-operation of the people everywhere in Europe, as well as the approach of harvest time, have con tributed temporarily toward an amel ioration of general distress. But there are still numerous localities where need is urgent and relief must be pro vided for a considerabale time to come." " . In Belgium, to which the commis sion first devoted Itself, the money ex pended for relief amounted to a little more than one million dollars. An ad ditional $90,000 was spent in Holland for Belgian refugees, and the founda tion, it is stated, also has appropriat ed $20,000 a year for the payment of stipends to scientific professors of Bel gian universities, for whom laboratory facilities have been provided in Eng land. CONDENSED NEWS ITEMS Secretary Daniels has announced that the naval academy midshipmen would start soon on their practice cruise through the Panama Canal to San Francisco. The sea trip had been postponed because of the inquiry into examination irregularities at the academy. General Filipe Angeles, veteran of many artillery duels in Mexico anS right hand man of General Villa, has come of Washington to deny intima tions that he was involved in the ac tivities of Victoriano Huerta. A quarter of a million wage-earners in Chicago have been locked out by employers in all building lines be cause the carpenters' onion struck for higher pay. Labor leaders will lay the . case before federal officials, charging conspiracy by the employers. David Goldman, who was given a gold watch by CoL Theodore Roose velt in 1906 for being the father of one of the largest families In the United States, is dead at Cleveland, O. Goldman Is survived by his widow and thirteen of his sixteen children. TO OPPOSE UILSOU Bryan Making Plans to Keep President Out of 1916 Nomination Race. THEIR PRINCIPLES CLASHING Ex-Secretary of State Will Make Issues on Equal Suffrage and Pro hibition, It Is Reported. Washington. June 30. Political ad visers of President Wilson have learned definitely that William J. Bry an will oppose the President's nomina tion on the ground that Mr. Wilson is bound by the one-term plank, of the Baltimore platform to refuse to be a candidate again. The President's friends have learned that Mr. Bryan will take the stand that-Mr. Wilson as the candidate of the " convention which adopted the one-term plank Is bound by this in principle, and that regardless of the fact that no legisla tive act limiting the presidency to one term has been passed by Con gress, Mr. Wilson may not seek to be come the standard bearer of his party in the next national campaign. All of the Bryan influence which has survived his rupture with the Pres ident, officials expect, will be exerted to defeat the efforts of Mr. Wilson's managers to Secure for him the nomi nation for a second term. It became known today that before his departure for the .Pacific Coast last week Mr. Bryan sounded out some of his closest political associates regarding his contemplated stand and that as a result the news reached the President's advisers. There are rea sons for believing that the President knew of Mr. Bryan's plans before the President departed for Cornish, N. H. Bryan, it is learned, will contend in this case, as he did in resigning from the State Department," that he is mak ing his fight for a principle and that personal considerations are in no way Involved. Bryan is understood to have impart ed to some of his political associates the information that, he is not com mitted to any aspirant for the Demo cratic nomination and that he has no man even tentatively in mind as a fitting successor to the President. It is known that Mr. Bryan differs substantially with the President on both the prohibition and suffrage is sues and it is believed that these dif ferences as well as the one-term issue will figure in Bryan's opposition to Wilson's candidacy for a second term. The President's views on the single term issue have been known to mem bers of Congress since before his in auguration. In a letter addressed to personal friends in Congress in 1913 he expressed himself against the prin ciple, saying he believed it the duty of a President to go before the country and give the voters an opportunity to approve or condemn his administra tion. IUERTA ARRESTED IN TEXAS "Former Mexican Dictator Charged with Conspiracy to Incite Revolution Against Friendly Nation. El Paso. Tex., June 28. General Victoriano Huerta arrived today in El Paso, cheered by hundreds of Mexican refugees and sympathizers on this side of the border. This afternoon he was detained at Fort Bliss, a prisoner of the government whose flag, he, as pro visional president of Mexico, refused to salute. Tonight General Huerta was re leased on $15,000 bond and General Pascual Orozco, who had been detain ed with him, on $7,500 bond. Charges of conspiracy to incite a revolution against a friendly country were filed against Huerta and Orozco by special agents of the department of justice. General Orozco with Major Lais Fuentes, a son-in-law of Huerta, had gone to Newman, N. M., by automobile to meet General Huerta. Fuentes, together with - General Huerta's son and J. B. Ratner, con fidential financial associate and inter preter, who were traveling with the general, were not detained. MEXICAN AGITATORS ACTIVE Four Distinct Groups at Work in the United States at Present, Wash ington Believes. Washington, June 29. According to information thus far gathered, there are at least four-separate and distinct groups, apart from the Villa and Car ranza supporters in the United States, who are active politically in the Mexi can situation. Whenever such activ ity shall reach the point of setting on foot a military expedition from the United States, arrests win follow, ac cording to Mr. Warren, who is hand ling the case. Hit Cathedral at Soissons. Berlin. June 30. German artillery men have been forced to shell the cathedral at Soissons because the French used Its tower as a point of observation, the war office announced this afternoon. Chariton's Trial Put Off. Como, Italy, June 30. The trial ol Porter Charlton, who was extradited from the United States on the charge of having murdered his wife at their villa here In 1910, has been postponed from July 4 until next avtumn. BOML PROMISE rM.1 WESTERN CANADA Average Increase of Acreage in Wheat Over 22 Per Cent. Wheat Acreage Province. Increase. Saskatchewan .........25 per cent Alberta 324 per cent Manitoba, .15 per cent Average for prairies. .. .224 per cent Saskatchewan. ' - The growth of the crop during the past week was very satisfactory. Rain fell In many places during the early . part of the week, followed by warmer weather, which has been most bene ficial to the grain. Breaking and summer-fallowing were well under way, and conditions generally were most promising. The following reports have been re ceived by the department from . the various centers: Denholm A Httle rain needed in the northern part to start late grain: remainder of district plenty of moisture. Davidson Ideal growing weather; a few farmers har rowing grain to conserve moisture by breaking crust formed since last rain. North Battleford to Prince Albert Good growing weather; crops looking well. Slight damage near North- Bat tleford from cutworms; recent rains beneflclaL Kindersley Crops looking fine and prospects good; plenty of moisture, with prospects of more rain. Every slough in this country is full. Prince Albert Crops in fair condition, though cutworms and - light frosts have done damage in some sections. Have had. moderate quantity of rain. Owing to prompt marketing of the harvest of 1914, the farmers were en abled to devote more time than usual to cultivation in the autumn, under conditions which were decidedly fa vorable, and that, combined with the opportunities for soil preparation pre sented by an early spring this year, has resulted in the seeding of a wheat area estimated at twenty-five per cent greater than last year. Areas sown to oats and flax may be less than last year, because of the concentration upon the cereal in greater demand for export. Wheat seeding was completed eight days earlier than the average, under almost ideal conditions. Alberta. ' "Prospects excellent. Abundant moisture throughout the province, fol lowing rain. Area thirty to thirty-five per cent greater. Crop generally two weeks earlier." Attention is drawn to the fact that the land has not been In such fine con dition to work for years; neither has there been as much moisture as there was last autumn. This was protected during the winter by a little more than the average snowfall, which remained on the land, not being removed by the warm Chinook winds, as is usually the case. There never has been a more optimistic feeling than exists today, judging by the information received from various parts of the province. Wo feel Justified in saying that the crop never went in under more favorable circumstances; weather splendid and land particularly well worked. While it is true that the acreage will be greatly increased. It is pleasing to learn that despite the high price of feed, the receipts of milk and cream at the dairies continue to keep np, and that the output of the creameries has increased In quantity. One of the most encouraging things in last year's work was the increase of practically thirty per cent in the out put of cream and butter south of Cal gary. Manitoba. Owing to the exceptionally early har vest last year and favorable fall weather, a much larger acreage of land was prepared than usual, and partly for the .same reason and the prospects of high prices for all kinds of grain, farmers took more pains In the preparation of land, so that the spring opened up with 1,235,000 acres of fully prepared land above the pre vious year. Seeding was general by the 7th of April, some days In advance of the average. Since that time the weather has been exceptionally favor able for the sowing of wheat, and the farmers have taken full advantage of it. Much of the crop is now above the surface. ' There has been a very gen eral and liberal rainfall; this will hasten the germination of the recently sown wheat, and will prevent the soil from drifting off the later sown crop. The area sown in wheat is fully 16 per cent greater than last year. To sum np the agricultural situation generally, the Department of Agricul ture says: "The area is larger than usual, the land has been well prepared, and the wheat has been sown at the right time; not so early as to run the risk of being killed off by frost, bat sufficiently early to insure it ripening In the fall. Advertisement- Keen Wit. Gotcha I ran Into a burglar last night. Jake How'd he get away from you? . Gotcha He went through me. Most old bachelors are hard to please; they don't even think a girl baby is fit to kiss until she is sweet sixteen. But a married man always gets ev erything that Is coming to him then some. RftafTr monev fa aelHrtm t-r wVi on rou want to borrow soma.