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WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
MEDAL OF HONOR TESTS ARE FIXED GENERAL. PERSHING TELLS HIS OFFICERS WHAT DEEDS ARE TO BE REWARDED. t ARMY STORE'S LOW PRICES Soldiers In France Can Buy Many . Thing Cheaper Than In This Coun try New "Overseas Cap" Added to American Equipment. (rrom CommlttM on Public Information.) Washington. These tests are ap plied to cases recommended for the medal of honor, according to Instruc tions Issued as a guide to officers by General Pershing : Men who have performed in action deeds of most distinguished personal bravery and self-sacrifice above and beyond all call of duty; so conspicu ous as clearly to distinguish them for gallantry and intrepidity above their comrades ; which involve risk of life or the performance of more 1 than or dinarily hazardous service, the omis sion of which would not Justly sub ject the person to censure for short coming or failure in the performance of his duty. The distinguished-service cross Is awarded for gallantry in action to any one who may distinguish himself in ac tion by extraordinary heroism in con nection with military operation against an armed enemy, under cir cumstances which do not justify the award of the medal of honor. The distinguished-service medal is awarded for exceptionally meritorious service to the government in connec tion with operations aguinst an armed enemy. Prices quoted for Juneon merchan dise in the huge general stores op erated by the quartermaster corps in France show that members of the ex peditionary forces may secure goods at prices lower .than retail prices in effect in this country. June quotations are: Half-pound package chocolate, 11 cents; can of cherries, '24 cents ; can of cocoa, 14 cents ; pocket comb, G cents ; cau of corn. 10 cents ; .shaving brushes, 15 cents; tooth brushes, 12 cents; can etringless beans, 10 cents ; bottle gin ger ale, 9 cents; can plum pudding, 32 cents; standard $3 safety razors, $1.75 ; pair shoe laces, 3 cents; can talcum powder, 5 cents ; pound cut-loaf sugar, 10 cents; spool cotton thread, 4 cents; two-ounce , package smoking tobacco, 7 cents ; hand soap, 1 cent ; can lob sters, 25 cents ; shaving soap, 4 cents ; bottle Worcestershire sauce, 20 cents; linen handkerchiefs, lti cents; pint bottle olives, 23 cents ; can green peas, 10 cents ; shoe polish, 3 cents. Although the men are issued ample rations the quartermaster stores are opened to the enlisted men for the pur pose of permitting them to add to their metu or to satisfy Individual desires - for dainties or delicacies. The highest grade of merchandise only is carried in stock so that the men may be sure of having the best, whether in rations or extra supplies. Meats, groceries, fish, vegetables, no tions, toilet articles, smokers' articles, and scores of miscellaneous 1 tenia are Included in the published price lists. These lists are made available to each company and purchases may be made either for cash or on credit. Among the staples to be found In these chain stores are : Fresh ' beef, ham, bacon, turkey, potatoes, rice, hominy, beans, onions, coffee, tea, sugar, cheese, cocoa, butter, and evap orated fruits. The canned fruits and vegetables include : Annies, neaches. apricots, pears, cherries, currants, 1 pineapples, prunes, asparagus, sweet corn, tomatoes, mushrooms, sweet po- 'tatoes, spinach, squash, turnips and beans. Included in the list of canned meats and fish are : Lobsters, oysters, salmon, mackerel, cod, sardines, tshrimps, herring, deviled crabs, sau sages, tongue, turkey, deviled ham, corned' beef, corned-beef hash, roast beef and mincemeat. For the man with a sweet tooth there are: Jams, jellies, preserves, raisins, apple butter, maple sirup, mo lasses, cranberry sauce, citron, nuts, candy, etc. The smoker may purchase smoking tobacco and chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, pipes, cigarette pa pers and matches. The Incidental needs of all the men are supplied with razors, combs, brushes for all pur poses, buttons, soap, shaving sticks, " shaving mugs, mirrors, razor strops, shoe polish, shoe laces, toilet water, talcum powder, tooth powder, witch hazel, towels, handkerchiefs, pocket knives, needles, thread, candles and playing cards. . In one army camp there are 55 bat talion baseball teams, besides the head quarters, staff, brigade and division teams. More than 800 penalties for violation of rules and regulations governing li censed dealers in foodstuffs have been Imposed during the past ten months by the food administration. About ISO companies and individuals have been ordered to quit business in licensed commodities for a limited or unlimited period, and over 500 have voluntarily made a money payment, usually to the Red Cross, or have temporarily ab stained from doing business rather than risk calling down more drastic penalties. The "overseas cap1" now being Is sued to soldiers In the expeditionary' forces matches the uniform in color, has a very low crown; and has no brim or peak. It Is so made that it may bo folded and carried la a pocket. ' When American forced entered the trenches it was found that the brims of their campaign hats interfered with sighting through trench periscopes and that in the cases of tall men the high crowns could be seen above the para pets. The new cap is so low that it permits the men to move with prac tically the same freedom as when they are hatless. The trench helmet can be worn over it. Only soldiers who have been with the expeditionary forces wear the cap. According to reports from France new regulations provide that officers shall wear their insignia of rank on the cap, and enlisted men place on it the button prescribed to be worn on the left sidu of the collar of the service coat. The total cost for National arm cantonments was $140,726,473, accord ing to a statement by the war depart ment. The National Guard camps cost $38,375,272. Emergency work to provide for sol diers in this country and to provide buildings for the manufacture and storage of army supplies both here and abroad undertaken hy the construction division of the army, which has been executed or is under way and in pros pect up to June 1, will cost about $1, 170,619,000. This total Is exclusive of three operations costing $106,000,000, under the direct control of the ord nance department. Up to June 1 the construction divi sion had completed 53 jobs, at a total cost of $202,250,000. It has 244 opera tions under way, which, when finished, will cost about $270,369,000. Prepara tions are being made to start work on 117 new operations which are expected to cost $700,000,000. Two out of every 1,000 men in the army have to have their shoes made to order. In several camps entire regi ments t have had their feet measured, and hundreds of drawings were made of odd shapes and sizes. At the pres ent time the army uses between 2.OO0, 000 and 3,000,000 pairs of shoes a month. Facts brought out in tests seem to prove that men in the present army are larger than those serving in previ ous wars. Not only is this shown by the larger sizes of shoes called for, but by the larger sizes of outer clothing that is being required. Records in the quartermaster corps show that a size larger, on the average, is being de manded in blouses, shirts and breeches than have ever before been used. As a result of the studies at the front, methods have been developed whereby more than 80 per cent of the wounded, who originally remained at' the military hospitals for months, are now cured and returned to the forces in three or four weeks. In order that army surgeons stationed at camps. cantonments, and other military hos pitals in this country may thoroughly understand the latest treatment of war wounds, the army medical department has had established special classes of instruction to which are sent selected officers who, upon completion of their courses, return to their own hospitals and instruct other surgeons in these methods. 1 "Duty to one's country does not end' on the parade ground, nor even on the battlefield, but consists In doing every thing in one's power to help win the war,' says an order issued by General Pershing, a copy of which has been re ceived by the war department. "To write home frequently and reg ularly to keep in constant touch with family and friends is one of the sol dier's most important duties. Mothers and fathers will suffer if they do not hear often from sons fighting in France. In the present large com panies it is not possible for officers to write letters for their men, and every man roust do it for himself." . Applicants for commissions -as first lieutenants In the engineer corps, ac cording to a statement by the war de partment, should be between thirty- two and thirty-six years of age and for commissions as captains between thir ty-six and forty-two. The engineer corps is conducting a campaign for 2,000 more commissioned officers, the examining board making a tour of the principal cities of the country to make examination readily available for ap plicants. The $120,000,000 allotted for the plants is expected to give the govern ment a smokeless powder production capacity equal to all other American plants combined. In construction of the plants it was found necessary to build a new town on each site to house the employees, and approximately 9,000 different buildings were erected. Streets were, put down and sewered. power plants constructed, and stores and hospitals built. Approximately 35,000 men worked on construction and about 30,000 will eventually be engaged in the actual production of powder. Thousands of women are employed in the United States gas-mask plant. They are acting as inspectors and are engaged throughout the entire process of manufacture, according to a state ment from the gas defense service. Hundreds of girls have been trained in the special art of sewing the face pieces. Each separate step in the assembling of the mask is done by women workers, until the mask Is com pleted, the last inspection is made and the final product is ready for shipment overseas. STOCKING THE MUD V " i These men are busy planting seed x aw a w m r s s- iijiii. 5T ii port, Mass., a war-time food conservation method that Is being advocated wherever conditions make the commercial raising of clams possible. Our reckless disregard for food sources has these flats, which used to produce more than $100,000 annually, that their exhaustion seemed near. , - PARIS IS GAY 'X- People Accept All Privations in Cheerful Mood, Swiss Writer Says. EVERY ONE SAVES FOOD Posters Remind Citizens That Conser vation Will Hasten American Army, by Reducing Cargo Space in Shipping. Berne. The correspondent of the Bern' Bund sends his paper a de- Rcrintinn of life in Paris, wmcn is published under the caption, "War Life in France; Paris as It Eats -ad Saves." The article says: "Who would have thought possible before the war a world city in exist- on two dnvs' march behind the bat tle front? During the first war weeks. after the government's departure to Bordeaux, Paris had been somewhat deserted. But since then everything is back. The big hotels never did better than Just now. In the streets there Is a traffic that has never been beaten. The stranger notices the many uniforms; he thinks the French capital a big army camp,- where mili tary men from all corners of the world meet. ' Used to Uniforms. "The Parisian lone ago. became used to the uniforms and forgot that once there was a time when women were the only ones who added color to a street scene. Man gets used to every thing. After a while one found the dark streets quite natural. One paid the high war prices without blinking. rtno submitted to the necessity of a sugar card and learned to -get along with a moderate coal supply in win ter. "Lntelv. however, the Parisian ex perienced things that reminded him of the war rather impressively. xne latest visit of German airplanes re sulted In energetic measures for pro tection. At all the beautiful monu ments sand' bags are piled high. On many large buildings tablets are posted saying there is a bombproof cellar' there and how many people It will shelter. When darkness appears Paris wraps itself in a " blue veil, which is very becoming. "The electric arc lights, the gas lan terns of all descriptions are painted blue. In tram cars, in the subway. In the suburban trains the light Is blue. Brisk auto traffij Is not without dan ger under such circumstances.' Practice Economy. "Measures of economy are now taken up in earnest. WTho wants to drink sweet coffee in the cafe has to bring his own sugar or be satisfied with the saccharine tablet the waiter will hand him. Cakes, pastry and candy are not made any longer. Confectioners are put entirely out of business. The tea houses, too, are In a bad fix. No more sugar or sweetmeats, not even sand wiches, are to be had. And two francs 7 SOLDIER INDIAN NAMES ? 7 WORRY THE SERGEANT 7 Camp lye wis. American Lake, Wash. Sioux from the Dakotas and Chippewas from Minnesota are worrying the first sergeant of the Twenty-fifth company One Hundred and Sixty-sixth Depot brigade here. The In dians, inducted Into the na tional army. Insist on keeping their tribal names and are so entered upon the roster. The re sult is that roll call every morn ing sounds like this: "Johnny Chase-the-Weasel. Look-as-You-Sit. S!eep-as-Thi-Is-the-Water, Mist-Over-the-Wa-ter, Charlie See-the-Elk. Ante lope. Middle Rapids and Blue Bird. - Paris. Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, jr.. Is working fourteen hours a day In a Y. M. C A. canteen at Aix. France. - " FLATS WITH CLAMS clams on the "Joppa". flats. Newbury- so reduced the supply of clams from DESPITE WAR for such a .cup of tea is a pretty good price. - ' "The authorities figure everybody will be sensible enough to see that saving is the patriotic duty of every non-combatant. Clever posters tell the people transportation of food takes np cargo space that ought to be used for American troops and. war material. So every citizen can see he will hasten the arrival of American help and thus support the French pollu by his own moderation and abstemiousness. BARBERS BEMOAN TRADE LOSS Women Who Are Taking Men's Places In Industries Are Not Helping Tonsorial Artist. Memphis. Tenn. Women takine the 'place of men in the Industrial world may be filling the Jobs all right, but they are not helping the barber. ' Visit any tonsorial establishment and ask the man who wields the gleam ing blade. . He will tell you some of his best customers have gone gone to fight the Germans. And he will tell you that all the women who took their places are strangers to him. While the barber complains the "beauty doctor" has a . different story to tell. She says her patrons are more numerous than ever before, and they are more liberal. They spend money lavishly. A few dollars to re move a wrinkle that has appeared as a result of business worries Is handed over without a murmur. Powder and, paint and toilet water are used lav ishly. GRAND DUKE WORKS AS CLERK "London Michael" nd Countess En dure Reverses Uncomplainingly in London. London. One of the Russian grand dukes, known as the "London Michael" to distinguish him from the other Grand Duke Michael,' has fallen from great wealth to comparative penury as a result of the Russian revolution. ' Before the war he lived In one of the finest residential estates In the neighborhood of London. When his income from Russia was cut off he subleased this property nnd is now a clerk at $2,000 a year in an office near Westminster abbey. His . wife, the Countess Torby, conducts their small Some with, zest and without grumbling. "Probably no family In Great Brit ain has endured greater reverses than this one. or borne its misfortune more cheerfully," comments the Evening News. ' Salute Gives Him Away. Chester. Pa. Masquerading as a woman. Private John Hutchinson for got himself when he passed an officer and saluted. As a result he was ar rested and turned over to the military for punishment. Hutchinson was dressed stylishly. He wore a low-cut gown, high-heeled shoes, white stock ings, summer furs and a large picture hat. NEWEST OF Washington, D. C The newest type of slacker and one who Is doing his country a great amount of harm, is the man or womad. who-buys or even encourages the purchase of platinum Jewelry, according to the bureau of mines, department of the interior. For the country is and for many years will be desperately in need of the scarce and precious platinum In its industrial work and must have it if the war ma chine Is to go full speed ahead. A plan proposed by the federal offi cials would stop the use of platinum In Jewelry, not only for the war but for all time. Officials of the government who are in close touch with the situa tion are filled with apprehension as to the future supply of platinum. In an effort to fill the Immediate pressing needs of the government in its war program, the war industries board has ordered that 75 per ceut of the stock of platinum In the bands, of manuf acturi ng jewelers be command MUST CUT lii WHEAT Need for Limitation In Consump tion Very Great. Food Administration Corrects False Impression Given by Recent News Dispatches. Washington. Recent press dispatch es widely circulated through the coun try have given the wholly false impres sion that there is no longer need for rigorous conservation of wheat and flour. The food administration de clares that every, aspect of the wheat situation, both present and prospec tive, Intensifies the need for the great est possible limitation in the American consumption of wheat and wheat prod ucts. If present restrictions should be In the slightest degree relaxed it would result In serious want for the people of Europe before the new crop can reach the market. The food administration's estimate of the position on the first of June in dicates a total available supply until the new harvest, including the grain which will be available from the farms, in country and terminal elevators, and mill elevators, of about 56.000.000 bush els. Of this 30,000,000 bushels must be exported before new wheat Is avail-, able for export if we are to maintain the absolutely necessary shipments to our army and the allies. That leaves about 26,000,000 bushels for domestic consumption for the next two months. Normal American consumption is something over 40,00,000 - bushels a month, so that the most liberal con sumption at home would be only one third of normal. The harvest will not be generally available in flour until the middle of August or early September, although In the extreme South it will be some what! earlier. So long as the war lasts, with its increasing drafts for soldiers and munition workers, the world will steadily produce less food. If we are wise, a great harvest will mean the willing building up of great national reserves. 'SONG WILL WIN WAR tralto, who was chosen to represent America's best type in the music fes tival at Ann Arbor and the great Bach festival at Bethlehem, Pa. "A nation is represented by its songs. The national anthems of America, France and England are spiritual, up lifting, and inspiring; the national anthem of Germany is aggressive and acquisitive and breathes bondage. "Don't you see that the songs of the allies express a people bound' to con quer? "So important Is this subject," con tinues Miss Roberts, "that colleges are establishing bureaus to study the gov ernment singing classes in camps to inspire soldiers through song. S. A. R. Dies at Omaha. Omaha, Neb. Nelson Moore, said to be the last real "son" of the Amer ican Revolution, died at his home here. Mr. Moore was born in Vernon, Oneida county. New York. SLACKERS deered and also the complete stock held by refiners. Importers and deal ers, but this. It Is said, will only fill a small gap and that temporarily. It has been hoped by federal officials and chemists throughout the country who understand the seriousness of the situation that the whims of fashion might yield to national needs and that purchasers of jewelry would demand gold and silver or a white alloy and so release platinum for Its highest use, but the results have been disappoint ing. . . , The American Chemical society, an organization composed of the leading 12,000 chemists of the country, which is also back of this movement, has is sued an appeal to the people not under any circumstances either during the war or after the war to nse platinum Jewelry.- but to conserve this unique and fast dwindling metal now priced at five times the cost of gold for the exclusive - use of the chemical and other necessary-Industries. l i W A Prayer for Each Day By REV. B. B. SUTCLIFFE Extension Department. Moody Bible - v Institute. Chicago TEXT Teach me thy way, O Lord. Fa. ZL JiX. The text Is a prayer which every Christian would do well to use daily. There are three- reasons why this prayer should be e o n s t a n tly of fered. - I. The Need ef Instruction. We are by na ture incapable of knowing the way; of the Lord. Nat urally we are in i gnorance con cerning spiritual things. God must reveal his way to us and he does so in answer to such, a prayer as this. But prayer pre supposes a spirit of meekness. If meekness be absent we will pray In vain, for It is unto the meek he shows his way. Moses was called the meek est man, hence it is said, "He made known his ways unto Moses." ' If we would know his way we will in meek ness pray, "Teach me thy way, O Lord." Our proneness to wander Is another reason for using this prayer dally. We are naturally inclined to choose our own way because it seems right, for getting "there is a way which seemeth. right unto a man, but the end thereof is the way of death." There may not be much difference between our way and his at first, but however slight at the beginning the end will be the dif ference between life and death. Like a clock losing a second or two each, day, so the error of our own way may be hardly noticeable at the start. It must daily be corrected. The daily prayer for Instruction will guard the believer from his ignorance and prone ness to wander. II. The Need of Personal Instruction. It is said God makes no two things exactly alike. So each Christian has his or her own peculiarities. Each one has peculiar problems and difficul ties which confront no one else. Many things are common to all believers, but each has some things which are peculiar. It is this peculiarity of prob lem or difficulty which causes the need, of personal Instruction. Only the Lord knows all the circumstances and only the Lord knows all the way. Others may know - much ; they cannot know alL Hence the advice of others, how ever well intended, and however wise the giver, can never take the place of the advice the Lord gives. And the instruction of others, however good and godly the giver, can never take the place of the instruction of the Lord. The church of God is made np of units and each unit has its own pe culiar part to perform. Without the personal instruction of the Lord some Christian may be found doing anoth er's work while his own lies neglected. As the body is one and yet has many members and each member its own of fice, so is the Church. Two questions, must be asked by each Christian "Am I In the Lord's way?" and "Am I in the Lord's way for me?" III. The Need of Divine Personal In struction. This need arises because of the Christian's threefold enemy( ever lurk ing beside the path and ever ready to lure astray. The world will present many alternatives for the Lord's way and bring them to the believer's at tention so craftily that unless forti fied by this daily prayer the feet will unconsciously stray, away from the right path even where the desire not to stray may be found. Only the Lord, can discern all the twists and turns' of the world. It is not merely- the evil world but that religious seemingly . godly world which holds the danger for the Christian. It will be satisfied if it can induce the believer to do good if the good is done in a wrong wayl Because a thing is good it does not necessarily follow that it is good for each Christian to do. Only the Lord knows what is good for each one, and: he must be looked to for the needed. Instruction. The flesh also Is ever on the alert to lead astray. The Lord alone can divide between the soul and spirit or between what the Christian is by nature and grace. Hence the Lord alone can be relied upon for In struction. And lastly, the Devil as sumes the appearance of an angel of light, and he can so work on the con science as to make one think that one should do evil. , Paul says, "I verily thought I ought to do" certain things, but later he confesses he was at that time "a blasphemer and Injurious." I Tim. 1:13. The Lord alone can see and guard against the Devil's wiles and devices, hence the Lord alone can give proper instruction. In view of our natural ignorance and proneness to wander, in view of our peculiar problems and difficulties, and in view of the world, the flesh and the Devil, our safety lies in this daily prayer, "Teach me thy way, O Lord." The Simple Truth. ; There Is nothing so strong or safe, in any emergency of life, as the sim ple truth. Dickens..; Daily Optimistic .Thought. - The Christian Is rewarded when Ilfe Is ended. 7 "