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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, July 04, 1918, Image 3

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WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
MEDAL OF HONOR
TESTS ARE FIXED
GENERAL. PERSHING TELLS HIS
OFFICERS WHAT DEEDS ARE
TO BE REWARDED.
t
ARMY STORE'S LOW PRICES
Soldiers In France Can Buy Many
. Thing Cheaper Than In This Coun
try New "Overseas Cap" Added
to American Equipment.
(rrom CommlttM on Public Information.)
Washington. These tests are ap
plied to cases recommended for the
medal of honor, according to Instruc
tions Issued as a guide to officers by
General Pershing :
Men who have performed in action
deeds of most distinguished personal
bravery and self-sacrifice above and
beyond all call of duty; so conspicu
ous as clearly to distinguish them for
gallantry and intrepidity above their
comrades ; which involve risk of life
or the performance of more 1 than or
dinarily hazardous service, the omis
sion of which would not Justly sub
ject the person to censure for short
coming or failure in the performance
of his duty.
The distinguished-service cross Is
awarded for gallantry in action to any
one who may distinguish himself in ac
tion by extraordinary heroism in con
nection with military operation
against an armed enemy, under cir
cumstances which do not justify the
award of the medal of honor.
The distinguished-service medal is
awarded for exceptionally meritorious
service to the government in connec
tion with operations aguinst an armed
enemy.
Prices quoted for Juneon merchan
dise in the huge general stores op
erated by the quartermaster corps in
France show that members of the ex
peditionary forces may secure goods
at prices lower .than retail prices in
effect in this country.
June quotations are: Half-pound
package chocolate, 11 cents; can of
cherries, '24 cents ; can of cocoa, 14
cents ; pocket comb, G cents ; cau of
corn. 10 cents ; .shaving brushes, 15
cents; tooth brushes, 12 cents; can
etringless beans, 10 cents ; bottle gin
ger ale, 9 cents; can plum pudding, 32
cents; standard $3 safety razors, $1.75 ;
pair shoe laces, 3 cents; can talcum
powder, 5 cents ; pound cut-loaf sugar,
10 cents; spool cotton thread, 4 cents;
two-ounce , package smoking tobacco,
7 cents ; hand soap, 1 cent ; can lob
sters, 25 cents ; shaving soap, 4 cents ;
bottle Worcestershire sauce, 20 cents;
linen handkerchiefs, lti cents; pint
bottle olives, 23 cents ; can green peas,
10 cents ; shoe polish, 3 cents.
Although the men are issued ample
rations the quartermaster stores are
opened to the enlisted men for the pur
pose of permitting them to add to their
metu or to satisfy Individual desires
- for dainties or delicacies. The highest
grade of merchandise only is carried
in stock so that the men may be sure
of having the best, whether in rations
or extra supplies.
Meats, groceries, fish, vegetables, no
tions, toilet articles, smokers' articles,
and scores of miscellaneous 1 tenia are
Included in the published price lists.
These lists are made available to each
company and purchases may be made
either for cash or on credit.
Among the staples to be found In
these chain stores are : Fresh ' beef,
ham, bacon, turkey, potatoes, rice,
hominy, beans, onions, coffee, tea,
sugar, cheese, cocoa, butter, and evap
orated fruits. The canned fruits and
vegetables include : Annies, neaches.
apricots, pears, cherries, currants, 1
pineapples, prunes, asparagus, sweet
corn, tomatoes, mushrooms, sweet po-
'tatoes, spinach, squash, turnips and
beans. Included in the list of canned
meats and fish are : Lobsters, oysters,
salmon, mackerel, cod, sardines,
tshrimps, herring, deviled crabs, sau
sages, tongue, turkey, deviled ham,
corned' beef, corned-beef hash, roast
beef and mincemeat.
For the man with a sweet tooth
there are: Jams, jellies, preserves,
raisins, apple butter, maple sirup, mo
lasses, cranberry sauce, citron, nuts,
candy, etc. The smoker may purchase
smoking tobacco and chewing tobacco,
cigars, cigarettes, pipes, cigarette pa
pers and matches. The Incidental
needs of all the men are supplied with
razors, combs, brushes for all pur
poses, buttons, soap, shaving sticks,
" shaving mugs, mirrors, razor strops,
shoe polish, shoe laces, toilet water,
talcum powder, tooth powder, witch
hazel, towels, handkerchiefs, pocket
knives, needles, thread, candles and
playing cards.
. In one army camp there are 55 bat
talion baseball teams, besides the head
quarters, staff, brigade and division
teams.
More than 800 penalties for violation
of rules and regulations governing li
censed dealers in foodstuffs have been
Imposed during the past ten months by
the food administration. About ISO
companies and individuals have been
ordered to quit business in licensed
commodities for a limited or unlimited
period, and over 500 have voluntarily
made a money payment, usually to the
Red Cross, or have temporarily ab
stained from doing business rather
than risk calling down more drastic
penalties.
The "overseas cap1" now being Is
sued to soldiers In the expeditionary'
forces matches the uniform in color,
has a very low crown; and has no brim
or peak. It Is so made that it may bo
folded and carried la a pocket. '
When American forced entered the
trenches it was found that the brims
of their campaign hats interfered with
sighting through trench periscopes and
that in the cases of tall men the high
crowns could be seen above the para
pets. The new cap is so low that it
permits the men to move with prac
tically the same freedom as when they
are hatless. The trench helmet can
be worn over it.
Only soldiers who have been with
the expeditionary forces wear the cap.
According to reports from France new
regulations provide that officers shall
wear their insignia of rank on the cap,
and enlisted men place on it the button
prescribed to be worn on the left sidu
of the collar of the service coat.
The total cost for National arm
cantonments was $140,726,473, accord
ing to a statement by the war depart
ment. The National Guard camps
cost $38,375,272.
Emergency work to provide for sol
diers in this country and to provide
buildings for the manufacture and
storage of army supplies both here and
abroad undertaken hy the construction
division of the army, which has been
executed or is under way and in pros
pect up to June 1, will cost about $1,
170,619,000. This total Is exclusive of
three operations costing $106,000,000,
under the direct control of the ord
nance department.
Up to June 1 the construction divi
sion had completed 53 jobs, at a total
cost of $202,250,000. It has 244 opera
tions under way, which, when finished,
will cost about $270,369,000. Prepara
tions are being made to start work on
117 new operations which are expected
to cost $700,000,000.
Two out of every 1,000 men in the
army have to have their shoes made to
order. In several camps entire regi
ments t have had their feet measured,
and hundreds of drawings were made
of odd shapes and sizes. At the pres
ent time the army uses between 2.OO0,
000 and 3,000,000 pairs of shoes a
month.
Facts brought out in tests seem to
prove that men in the present army
are larger than those serving in previ
ous wars. Not only is this shown by
the larger sizes of shoes called for, but
by the larger sizes of outer clothing
that is being required. Records in the
quartermaster corps show that a size
larger, on the average, is being de
manded in blouses, shirts and breeches
than have ever before been used.
As a result of the studies at the
front, methods have been developed
whereby more than 80 per cent of the
wounded, who originally remained at'
the military hospitals for months, are
now cured and returned to the forces
in three or four weeks. In order that
army surgeons stationed at camps.
cantonments, and other military hos
pitals in this country may thoroughly
understand the latest treatment of war
wounds, the army medical department
has had established special classes of
instruction to which are sent selected
officers who, upon completion of their
courses, return to their own hospitals
and instruct other surgeons in these
methods. 1
"Duty to one's country does not end'
on the parade ground, nor even on the
battlefield, but consists In doing every
thing in one's power to help win the
war,' says an order issued by General
Pershing, a copy of which has been re
ceived by the war department.
"To write home frequently and reg
ularly to keep in constant touch with
family and friends is one of the sol
dier's most important duties. Mothers
and fathers will suffer if they do not
hear often from sons fighting in
France. In the present large com
panies it is not possible for officers to
write letters for their men, and every
man roust do it for himself."
.
Applicants for commissions -as first
lieutenants In the engineer corps, ac
cording to a statement by the war de
partment, should be between thirty-
two and thirty-six years of age and for
commissions as captains between thir
ty-six and forty-two. The engineer
corps is conducting a campaign for
2,000 more commissioned officers, the
examining board making a tour of the
principal cities of the country to make
examination readily available for ap
plicants.
The $120,000,000 allotted for the
plants is expected to give the govern
ment a smokeless powder production
capacity equal to all other American
plants combined. In construction of
the plants it was found necessary to
build a new town on each site to house
the employees, and approximately
9,000 different buildings were erected.
Streets were, put down and sewered.
power plants constructed, and stores
and hospitals built. Approximately
35,000 men worked on construction
and about 30,000 will eventually be
engaged in the actual production of
powder.
Thousands of women are employed
in the United States gas-mask plant.
They are acting as inspectors and are
engaged throughout the entire process
of manufacture, according to a state
ment from the gas defense service.
Hundreds of girls have been trained
in the special art of sewing the face
pieces. Each separate step in the
assembling of the mask is done by
women workers, until the mask Is com
pleted, the last inspection is made and
the final product is ready for shipment
overseas.
STOCKING THE MUD
V " i
These men are busy planting seed
x aw a w m r s s- iijiii.
5T ii
port, Mass., a war-time food conservation method that Is being advocated
wherever conditions make the commercial raising of clams possible. Our
reckless disregard for food sources has
these flats, which used to produce more than $100,000 annually, that their
exhaustion seemed near. , -
PARIS IS GAY
'X-
People Accept All Privations in
Cheerful Mood, Swiss
Writer Says.
EVERY ONE SAVES FOOD
Posters Remind Citizens That Conser
vation Will Hasten American
Army, by Reducing Cargo
Space in Shipping.
Berne. The correspondent of the
Bern' Bund sends his paper a de-
Rcrintinn of life in Paris, wmcn is
published under the caption, "War
Life in France; Paris as It Eats -ad
Saves." The article says:
"Who would have thought possible
before the war a world city in exist-
on two dnvs' march behind the bat
tle front? During the first war weeks.
after the government's departure to
Bordeaux, Paris had been somewhat
deserted. But since then everything
is back. The big hotels never did
better than Just now. In the streets
there Is a traffic that has never been
beaten. The stranger notices the
many uniforms; he thinks the French
capital a big army camp,- where mili
tary men from all corners of the world
meet. '
Used to Uniforms.
"The Parisian lone ago. became used
to the uniforms and forgot that once
there was a time when women were
the only ones who added color to a
street scene. Man gets used to every
thing. After a while one found the
dark streets quite natural. One paid
the high war prices without blinking.
rtno submitted to the necessity of a
sugar card and learned to -get along
with a moderate coal supply in win
ter. "Lntelv. however, the Parisian ex
perienced things that reminded him of
the war rather impressively. xne
latest visit of German airplanes re
sulted In energetic measures for pro
tection. At all the beautiful monu
ments sand' bags are piled high. On
many large buildings tablets are
posted saying there is a bombproof
cellar' there and how many people It
will shelter. When darkness appears
Paris wraps itself in a " blue veil,
which is very becoming.
"The electric arc lights, the gas lan
terns of all descriptions are painted
blue. In tram cars, in the subway. In
the suburban trains the light Is blue.
Brisk auto traffij Is not without dan
ger under such circumstances.'
Practice Economy.
"Measures of economy are now taken
up in earnest. WTho wants to drink
sweet coffee in the cafe has to bring
his own sugar or be satisfied with the
saccharine tablet the waiter will hand
him. Cakes, pastry and candy are not
made any longer. Confectioners are
put entirely out of business. The tea
houses, too, are In a bad fix. No more
sugar or sweetmeats, not even sand
wiches, are to be had. And two francs
7 SOLDIER INDIAN NAMES ?
7 WORRY THE SERGEANT 7
Camp lye wis. American Lake,
Wash. Sioux from the Dakotas
and Chippewas from Minnesota
are worrying the first sergeant
of the Twenty-fifth company
One Hundred and Sixty-sixth
Depot brigade here. The In
dians, inducted Into the na
tional army. Insist on keeping
their tribal names and are so
entered upon the roster. The re
sult is that roll call every morn
ing sounds like this:
"Johnny Chase-the-Weasel.
Look-as-You-Sit. S!eep-as-Thi-Is-the-Water,
Mist-Over-the-Wa-ter,
Charlie See-the-Elk. Ante
lope. Middle Rapids and Blue
Bird. -
Paris. Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt,
jr.. Is working fourteen hours a day
In a Y. M. C A. canteen at Aix.
France. - "
FLATS WITH CLAMS
clams on the "Joppa". flats. Newbury-
so reduced the supply of clams from
DESPITE WAR
for such a .cup of tea is a pretty good
price. - '
"The authorities figure everybody
will be sensible enough to see that
saving is the patriotic duty of every
non-combatant. Clever posters tell the
people transportation of food takes np
cargo space that ought to be used for
American troops and. war material. So
every citizen can see he will hasten
the arrival of American help and thus
support the French pollu by his own
moderation and abstemiousness.
BARBERS BEMOAN TRADE LOSS
Women Who Are Taking Men's Places
In Industries Are Not Helping
Tonsorial Artist.
Memphis. Tenn. Women takine the
'place of men in the Industrial world
may be filling the Jobs all right, but
they are not helping the barber.
' Visit any tonsorial establishment
and ask the man who wields the gleam
ing blade. . He will tell you some of
his best customers have gone gone to
fight the Germans. And he will tell
you that all the women who took their
places are strangers to him.
While the barber complains the
"beauty doctor" has a . different story
to tell. She says her patrons are
more numerous than ever before, and
they are more liberal. They spend
money lavishly. A few dollars to re
move a wrinkle that has appeared as
a result of business worries Is handed
over without a murmur. Powder and,
paint and toilet water are used lav
ishly. GRAND DUKE WORKS AS CLERK
"London Michael" nd Countess En
dure Reverses Uncomplainingly
in London.
London. One of the Russian grand
dukes, known as the "London Michael"
to distinguish him from the other
Grand Duke Michael,' has fallen from
great wealth to comparative penury as
a result of the Russian revolution. '
Before the war he lived In one of
the finest residential estates In the
neighborhood of London. When his
income from Russia was cut off he
subleased this property nnd is now a
clerk at $2,000 a year in an office near
Westminster abbey. His . wife, the
Countess Torby, conducts their small
Some with, zest and without grumbling.
"Probably no family In Great Brit
ain has endured greater reverses than
this one. or borne its misfortune more
cheerfully," comments the Evening
News. '
Salute Gives Him Away.
Chester. Pa. Masquerading as a
woman. Private John Hutchinson for
got himself when he passed an officer
and saluted. As a result he was ar
rested and turned over to the military
for punishment. Hutchinson was
dressed stylishly. He wore a low-cut
gown, high-heeled shoes, white stock
ings, summer furs and a large picture
hat.
NEWEST OF
Washington, D. C The newest type
of slacker and one who Is doing his
country a great amount of harm, is
the man or womad. who-buys or even
encourages the purchase of platinum
Jewelry, according to the bureau of
mines, department of the interior. For
the country is and for many years will
be desperately in need of the scarce
and precious platinum In its industrial
work and must have it if the war ma
chine Is to go full speed ahead.
A plan proposed by the federal offi
cials would stop the use of platinum
In Jewelry, not only for the war but for
all time. Officials of the government
who are in close touch with the situa
tion are filled with apprehension as
to the future supply of platinum.
In an effort to fill the Immediate
pressing needs of the government in
its war program, the war industries
board has ordered that 75 per ceut of
the stock of platinum In the bands, of
manuf acturi ng jewelers be command
MUST CUT lii WHEAT
Need for Limitation In Consump
tion Very Great.
Food Administration Corrects False
Impression Given by Recent
News Dispatches.
Washington. Recent press dispatch
es widely circulated through the coun
try have given the wholly false impres
sion that there is no longer need for
rigorous conservation of wheat and
flour. The food administration de
clares that every, aspect of the wheat
situation, both present and prospec
tive, Intensifies the need for the great
est possible limitation in the American
consumption of wheat and wheat prod
ucts. If present restrictions should be
In the slightest degree relaxed it would
result In serious want for the people
of Europe before the new crop can
reach the market.
The food administration's estimate
of the position on the first of June in
dicates a total available supply until
the new harvest, including the grain
which will be available from the farms,
in country and terminal elevators, and
mill elevators, of about 56.000.000 bush
els. Of this 30,000,000 bushels must
be exported before new wheat Is avail-,
able for export if we are to maintain
the absolutely necessary shipments to
our army and the allies. That leaves
about 26,000,000 bushels for domestic
consumption for the next two months.
Normal American consumption is
something over 40,00,000 - bushels a
month, so that the most liberal con
sumption at home would be only one
third of normal.
The harvest will not be generally
available in flour until the middle of
August or early September, although
In the extreme South it will be some
what! earlier. So long as the war lasts,
with its increasing drafts for soldiers
and munition workers, the world will
steadily produce less food. If we are
wise, a great harvest will mean the
willing building up of great national
reserves.
'SONG WILL WIN WAR
tralto, who was chosen to represent
America's best type in the music fes
tival at Ann Arbor and the great Bach
festival at Bethlehem, Pa.
"A nation is represented by its songs.
The national anthems of America,
France and England are spiritual, up
lifting, and inspiring; the national
anthem of Germany is aggressive and
acquisitive and breathes bondage.
"Don't you see that the songs of the
allies express a people bound' to con
quer?
"So important Is this subject," con
tinues Miss Roberts, "that colleges are
establishing bureaus to study the gov
ernment singing classes in camps to
inspire soldiers through song.
S. A. R. Dies at Omaha.
Omaha, Neb. Nelson Moore, said to
be the last real "son" of the Amer
ican Revolution, died at his home here.
Mr. Moore was born in Vernon, Oneida
county. New York.
SLACKERS
deered and also the complete stock
held by refiners. Importers and deal
ers, but this. It Is said, will only fill
a small gap and that temporarily.
It has been hoped by federal officials
and chemists throughout the country
who understand the seriousness of the
situation that the whims of fashion
might yield to national needs and that
purchasers of jewelry would demand
gold and silver or a white alloy and so
release platinum for Its highest use,
but the results have been disappoint
ing. . . ,
The American Chemical society, an
organization composed of the leading
12,000 chemists of the country, which
is also back of this movement, has is
sued an appeal to the people not under
any circumstances either during the
war or after the war to nse platinum
Jewelry.- but to conserve this unique
and fast dwindling metal now priced
at five times the cost of gold for the
exclusive - use of the chemical and
other necessary-Industries.
l i W
A Prayer for
Each Day
By REV. B. B. SUTCLIFFE
Extension Department. Moody Bible
- v Institute. Chicago
TEXT Teach me thy way, O Lord.
Fa. ZL JiX.
The text Is a prayer which every
Christian would do well to use daily.
There are three-
reasons why this
prayer should be
e o n s t a n tly of
fered. -
I. The Need ef
Instruction.
We are by na
ture incapable of
knowing the way;
of the Lord. Nat
urally we are in
i gnorance con
cerning spiritual
things. God must
reveal his way to
us and he does so
in answer to such,
a prayer as this.
But prayer pre
supposes a spirit of meekness. If
meekness be absent we will pray In
vain, for It is unto the meek he shows
his way. Moses was called the meek
est man, hence it is said, "He made
known his ways unto Moses." ' If we
would know his way we will in meek
ness pray, "Teach me thy way, O
Lord."
Our proneness to wander Is another
reason for using this prayer dally. We
are naturally inclined to choose our
own way because it seems right, for
getting "there is a way which seemeth.
right unto a man, but the end thereof
is the way of death." There may not
be much difference between our way
and his at first, but however slight at
the beginning the end will be the dif
ference between life and death. Like
a clock losing a second or two each,
day, so the error of our own way may
be hardly noticeable at the start. It
must daily be corrected. The daily
prayer for Instruction will guard the
believer from his ignorance and prone
ness to wander.
II. The Need of Personal Instruction.
It is said God makes no two things
exactly alike. So each Christian has
his or her own peculiarities. Each
one has peculiar problems and difficul
ties which confront no one else. Many
things are common to all believers,
but each has some things which are
peculiar. It is this peculiarity of prob
lem or difficulty which causes the need,
of personal Instruction. Only the Lord
knows all the circumstances and only
the Lord knows all the way. Others
may know - much ; they cannot know
alL Hence the advice of others, how
ever well intended, and however wise
the giver, can never take the place of
the advice the Lord gives. And the
instruction of others, however good
and godly the giver, can never take
the place of the instruction of the
Lord. The church of God is made np
of units and each unit has its own pe
culiar part to perform. Without the
personal instruction of the Lord some
Christian may be found doing anoth
er's work while his own lies neglected.
As the body is one and yet has many
members and each member its own of
fice, so is the Church. Two questions,
must be asked by each Christian
"Am I In the Lord's way?" and "Am I
in the Lord's way for me?"
III. The Need of Divine Personal In
struction.
This need arises because of the
Christian's threefold enemy( ever lurk
ing beside the path and ever ready
to lure astray. The world will present
many alternatives for the Lord's way
and bring them to the believer's at
tention so craftily that unless forti
fied by this daily prayer the feet will
unconsciously stray, away from the
right path even where the desire not
to stray may be found. Only the Lord,
can discern all the twists and turns' of
the world. It is not merely- the evil
world but that religious seemingly .
godly world which holds the danger
for the Christian. It will be satisfied
if it can induce the believer to do good
if the good is done in a wrong wayl
Because a thing is good it does not
necessarily follow that it is good for
each Christian to do. Only the Lord
knows what is good for each one, and:
he must be looked to for the needed.
Instruction. The flesh also Is ever on
the alert to lead astray. The Lord
alone can divide between the soul and
spirit or between what the Christian
is by nature and grace. Hence the
Lord alone can be relied upon for In
struction. And lastly, the Devil as
sumes the appearance of an angel of
light, and he can so work on the con
science as to make one think that one
should do evil. , Paul says, "I verily
thought I ought to do" certain things,
but later he confesses he was at that
time "a blasphemer and Injurious."
I Tim. 1:13. The Lord alone can see
and guard against the Devil's wiles
and devices, hence the Lord alone can
give proper instruction.
In view of our natural ignorance
and proneness to wander, in view of
our peculiar problems and difficulties,
and in view of the world, the flesh and
the Devil, our safety lies in this daily
prayer, "Teach me thy way, O Lord."
The Simple Truth. ;
There Is nothing so strong or safe,
in any emergency of life, as the sim
ple truth. Dickens..;
Daily Optimistic .Thought.
- The Christian Is rewarded when Ilfe
Is ended. 7 "

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