At,-1 r- .
- - . . . . ; . . ; ' '
t i? r (fr IT
ss:,.. J32 i II M yUaPli Wk (D 1 11 '
111 lit a
i II I l I j
' SOL KILLER, EDITOR AXD FUELISQER. ' . - THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION. : ' TERJIS $1.00 TER lArH, IS ADT1XCE. j f
I VOLUME I.j s . WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1857. " NUMBER 3. 4
v I. - i -
: I 1 -, - . -
Joyfaflr tba hu rt linrrn.
With her avam aad Wr ftawra;
TiMiaf , with Wr ftiFT tarn,
Mtarari 'rf Umm buns f oari;
Carta won k lik wm
' Aaunataia flovm tbv; r
b wfaoM tWUa tWra iiimi
l bofc ta nr fa
, v w I
JLA ta Uii kl any
P!wt ! to (la 1
Bull ht bird t arMla tin(,
BttD tlwai Male ia br Imtm;
Btilt lb (Sid ba as wiafiaf,
' A4 th mii kid ku aWartt. .
yUal I wau ta liaH llaU, Waliaf,
Hanf with hMttrtf flaarm t-fr
t " 'Wiadinj af Simaitr'i kladiaf
i Ai U i ri ita f laocij ahatWwf
v , .All Iobj tha oatUf will,
? Bnn-iag tfaohu u bk uaHam
FilM wlta lwn u mainf'i Cad..
CSdiaf ow Kfa"! aiknt imr,
. 8auBr Ar Swr liaa.
Aid th Aotuu Map aa nr,
Htiiat bona Paradikt;
Aad 1 Im, ah! aairiy, Amlf
' Lot thia rlnrioas world f v!
With iu aaaaom chaa(ia( JHj,
Fra .kair ier aad aasw t lorn,
. OTIS SI3TEE-
1Y ESlA ALICE BROW. -
Ska luta canjht th bit iphmdet,
Bh hath baard th Ww, UAdrf,
MrUdioaa wW at Baaral hlh gat;
Aad ah aara "l ul wuj!
Dat Barioar, that kxt aaa, I know The 2xt i
Bt th Rir of Life, at lb UaaUfnl fata!"
liar baa ob 1
(O, pah) littl Htnia!)
W foldao bar hand ia a aotama tpaa;
lSa (n w awig
For bar viiifai alpina,
Aa th lasr, haarj aifhuwateha draw to a loa;
Aad w taft her with daath, ia a kwaly rapoa..
A 8CE5E IN THE WEST.
It wu during the latter part of September, in
the year that ft was my fortune to be trav
elling through the Western District of Tennes
see, and along the main road which now lcadt
on from Bolivar to Paris.
.The close of a pleasait day fonn-1 me fatigued
and weary, jogjnnj: along through a ild and
thinly settled country, on the flai for a rest
ing place; the few dnrriny which I had passed,
indicated contentment rather th&n wealth, or
. ven comfort, and the hooting of owl, the long
bowl of some furnished beast, th rapid passage
of birds on their way td) roost, together with the
recollection of many dories of hair-breadth es-
. capes and desperate conflict, which had tula-n
place in the country through which I was poss
ijig, caused me to feel much solicitude as to
where I should sleep, and made me think of
home, snd happiness, and the bury crowd of At
lantic cities u5 when I contrasted all this with
tbe fact, that I was a 'stranger, in a strange
land, and bcbyld the qaict, yet wild appearance
of the dense and dark forest around mc, I invol
?atarH tightened my reins, and urged my horse
coward. . .
- It was ia this mood, that, opon turning an an'
! of the road, I discovered a horsemen com
ipg towards me ia a sweeping trot he was ra
ajfjier badly mounted; but his Urea and appear
ance were of rather a better order, and btrptkr
him a genuine backwoodsman of some note.
Seeini that he was about to pass me, with a
common salutation I hailed him to stop.
" "tiajt, Billy;" said he, and Billy halted so
sud Jaulr, I gbought his rider would hare gone
over ku heatir an now stranger what is it you
want with. me. jou matt tela ta.t, tor tne way
t&at I'm in a hurry is curious. .- .
I shall be obliged to youv said l," if you
will tell awwberji I can sleep to-night T
" Aa is that ai;t veil, here's 3uck Born just
. ahead of ym, ibou.h it's right rough there aa
abont eight aiiles .further there is aa excellent
noose a if yon don't like either of thtm spose
70a turn back with me; I've got but one cabin,
aad it is full of young ones, but I'll make job a
' .pallet and take care of your horse.
j "I thaok. J00' 'r fcat m7 horse is tired, and I
-ytuHioim togt-tn.''" . v .
, , " j thanks, ao tkauks, sttp-it Jluck iTom,
- joa east make out there for tha night.";
But i think yoa said it was riht rough can
7 " Oi! atand it yes ete stand anything here
I only avid so cams yon seemed to be a straa
ger ia thes parts,' aa I thought you mightn't
: 4:ke their Va"."
. ,. Will tltcA giro me aad my Tsorse something
. eatf" .:- . V '" "..
a. ; Ob? yet you bodt as full as ticks."
. . Ye they'll y you tkedyeudoa'i mind
sleeping thick aijou?!
How thick r V; ; . .. .. . - !
Oh! sorter tiie aad not so rery thick aei
ther they'll only put eu ia apooa tashioa, an'
Vou most lie lrful stii or all tarn orur togeth-
-i er, U yoa ioth Oe ootaide ooec will fall oat, an'
- If they do, tar?'! .be riht apt to hart them-
slv." ; X
- ' - Well. U this ett Z kav to ear at Bock
; Hornr v. .;
" ,rear! you hara nctLinU (e-j- Bock Horn
. Is considered by many aa a err elerer, alee
- place an don't they have mutter, there? an
don't they try warrtnut an a't they bare
- shootin' matchesT ao yon set Buck Horn Is' not
, 'so ceaaeaa if any of 'ea thcold try to use
yoa up, you'll find more who'll fight for yon,
than agaia yon a stranger never wants for
friends in these parts.'
Well, I must ge bow good bye if ever
yoa come my way, give me a call, yoa hear
jist ask for Little River Jack, they all know ae.
Go along Billy, and he gouged his old horse,
who wriggled, shot forward, and curled it so rap
idly, that all which remained visible of him was
a dark streak.
Contrasting western with eastern manners,
and thinking of Back Horn and its inhabitants,
I pursued my way, until, from well kaowa sig
nals, I knew a boil, or m aant-tn -a lew
moments after, situated in a small eTrearing, im
mediately on the road, appeared a large rude
double-logged cabin, with a Buck's Horn Bailed
over the doors, which means, ia the West, en
tertainment for man and horse, and this I iden
tified as the tavern to which I had beta recom
mended. . " .
. It was now the dusk of evening, and although
its appearance was uninviting, it seemed to me
a welcome spot it was quiet and aa I rode up.
nothing was to be seen but the cattle lying about
the yard, chewing their cud, tad the fowls ar
ranged in close order on the limbs of an oak,
which grew near to the door my arrival, how
ever, seemed entirely to change the scene, for
the dogs came whisking and barking about me,
as if they wished to k.Kw who and what I was,
and .what was my business the cows eyed me
the turkeys clucked and I thought an old gob
bler would hare twisted his neck off, in his solic
itude to get his head in such a position, that he
might take a fair $uint at me. Turkeys, when
they examine any thing closely, only ase one
eye, and my old gobbler would first try one, and
then the other, and then he put his head under
his wing, as if for the purpose of brighteaing his
vision, and drawing it out, would take a long
searching look and then he examined his roost,
and said something to the turkeys around him
which I could not understand but they all
clucked, nd adjusted themselves, concluding, I
thought, with, " he's a stranger in these parts,
and I don't much like his looks " and they
would have liked them much less had they known
the state of my appetite.
While all this was pasting an old ladv came
to the door to see what was the cause of so much
commotion,. looked out for sn intant, snd then
disappeared next came a flock of children of
all sixes, barefooted, with short cotton shirts,
who scarcely taw me before jwsy they scamper
ed, tumbling over each other, into one of the
side loor we firmlV therrnsa , w itli a state
ly stride, the landlord of the house be was
without a coat, rough in appearance, large and
portly in hisorm, with a good humored, jolly
looking face, and while' be appronfhed, a pairof
eyes raijrht be sen peeping out through r?very
crevice in the heuse.
Come, friend, won't you light?"
" Thank you, sir, I wish to pr.d the evening
" Git down pit down I'll tske your horse
and fix you as nug as a bear in a hollow."
Having dismounted, he stripped myljor,ai.d
giving me mv saddle-bars aad raddle. "Now
take 'em iu, and pnt 'em under the bed an' mAp
yournelf at home children clear the way, sn'
let this gentleman come."
I did as I was directed, but observed that the
gobbler roue up, aud turned his head towards the
door I entered, in order that he might kerp a
sharp look out it was nobly done, be sef med
resolved never to turn his back to an enemy.
xiaring' exnminea tne apartment, 1 drew a
chair, before a large blaring fire, and contented
with appearance, sat a silent spectator of the
group before me the house contained but two
rooms and a garret, or loft as i is there called,
running the whole extent cf the building, and
yet I had seen children enough about the estab-J
lishment to have filled np at least four good
rooms, and still, every moment I saw a new face
there were many girls among the group, all
(pretty, yet barefooted, and when they would
catch me looking at their feet they would stoop
so as to make their dress entirely conceal them
mdesty must be inoate, thought L
The re turn of the landlord thinned the little
group around m he sent off all the emaZt fry
into the next room', and drawing some whiskey
made me dnnk then seating himself, began to
inquire after his kin in the old country, all of
whom he fancied I must know, merely because
I eaaa tram tbe mow Stae d3Cuaing this, and
sundry other topics, we wailed away some time
I learned from him, that be, with his wife,hd
that morning returned from a .visit to Alabama,
and that some of the neighbors would drmp in
presently to hear the news I could hear the
crowd gathering in the adjoining room, and was
tooa after called to sapper.
, The supper though plentiful and inviting, had
been prepared in the room where the largest part
of the company was assembled and there eve
ry face was joyous and happy, save that of the
good dame, whose t uty -it had been to prepare
the evening meal she looked rathsr crabbed,
aad slung about the pots aad pans, seemingly
entirely careless of the shins of her neigh burs.
But she received my thanks, for among other
things, there was a iarga quantity of sweet po
tatoes, sliced and fried, which I had ordered for
myewnuse, We crowded around the table,
cracked jokes, and began to eat. There was
stranger at my e.'bow, who dipped iato my sweet
potatoes so oftea, that I began to take quite a
dial ike to him for it was a dish of which I wm
rery food, which I had ordered, and consequent
ly eoneidersd aa my own property besides this,
I was as keen set as a hawk.
- Stranger," said I, - yoa are fond of pota
. . No I can't My as how I am bat the way
that aunt Poll there 000k a 'em is a caution, aa
I think these are quite awrai-; jest stick ate
np a few wi3 you T" '
' " Yea mean to say they will soon be dtfmui.
1" suppose? ; " , ' -j
Not sir; swjj! ant is the idea, and, if you
don't know what sufSunk U, I would advise yoa
to cieriais, for it's quite impossible' for yoa to :
Having supped, we arose in order to make
room for another tabic, aad I adjourned to the
room which had been allotted to me; thither I
was followed by my potato opponent, who ac
costed me, with, " Come stranger, you musn't
mind what I lay; we are all free and easy here;
I wouldn't hurt a hair of your head, to save my
life; the old man just come home to-day, and
we drapped in merely to have a little spree
come, ' spose you join us?'
I thank ad him, but wss sb fatigued from my
ride that I wished to retire early. . -'
Considering a) inonyot " did you aetUe tiicin
girls?" aaidke. .
"Well, I've a notion of Jinnv; she's a real
bclur, and when she, dances she throws a uty
foot, I tell yon."
" Does she V
Yes, she does so; '.would do yon good to
see her dance."
The company bow began to get more noisy.
and the landlord after telling me several times
not to mind 4he boys, went about his business;
the chief gathering -was in the supper room,
which eehoed with the loud and noisy glee, lea"-
ving me comparatively alone. But unfortunate
ly the whUkey barrel wss near by my bed, and
as regular as an hour-glass, but at much shorter
intervals, did the landlord approach it, with a
mug, draw oat the spile, fill it, and then drive
in the peg with a hammer saying - Don't let
me disturb you, there's your bed, tumble in when
you like it " and so there was a very nice bed;
but it was packed, from the wall to about the
middle, with two rows of children, fitted to each
other in the same manner as shoes are done up
for exportation, and besides this, there were ma
ny persons around the fire, and among them
several girls just grown. Tender these circum
stances, I felt loth to undress for bed; but upon
being told that Tcjbtd was ready, and seeing
that nobody was about te leave the room, I con
ceived that all was right, and stripped, retaining
my shirt and drawers with a tolerable dgree of
Having been accustomed to sleep alone, I was
as fraid of being touched by a child, as I would
have been of an eel, and consequently courted
sleep to little purpose. -
Soon after getting into bed I heard a scuffle.
and a general rush to the entry, sarin?, " you
strike him." Wishing to see all the fun, I slip
ped out of bel, and crept to the door, where
there waa such an eternal clatter of tongues,
that it was sometime before I could ascertain
the cause of Ulis diarvhasce; wkj"h turned c.-t
to be this:
A servant belonging to one of the neighbors.
had come ever, as it seemed his usual custom,
to buy a pint of whiskey, and while waiting at
the door fur the UuJlord, was accosted hv a l.irc
bony, crahbed man, n.inied Wolfe, who, f.-om
some caue which dij not ap;M-:ir, tiiout'ht prop
er 10 strike hiin; lltia was perteii ix! hy a email,
sharp, thin looking niu, tailed ,A:iroii, ui. ha-
I viri a ;oid ylmre of artificial Sl'.i(itilu(, added
10 moch naiuril fiimuev, bri-:Ud ur, and fin:
ttd ih tr. aith kue onii;neuee.
Titer? -re unity pc: 'oi.s nhnut U.e h ai.o
a;piaj-ti reriieiy ut.tu.,rvd by tlie ;...-!.,-scne,
sad it has priueij-ally the yotu..cr p.
ions !;oi;iTJUa led the expect-.d cv-nMtm!.-;
girls ami men f.-rmcd tha tin;; pr.m;.cu.u'y j
the girl rWi full of fun an 1 life, h.)M:i;i aloit
hirye li-luwood torches, di '.rrniii ol to s-. al'
that was to be s-tn; conceive m..eli' uhtirc-a-cd,
peeping over the crowd, aud yu b.-iv the
scene as I saw it when Aaron cried out " Who
struck that nigjur?n
"litimck him, a d d black van -ire, and
he that tikes his part, is no better than a nig
gur." - .
Aaron makin; toward him; " Vow don't you
call mc a nirrur. Wolfe, don't von ei'l m
niggur; if veu d.d n me if I don't wa'k rii:lit
into you; I'll f o entirely through you."
" Come on then: I'll lick you, an the way I'll
lick you, will be a caution to the balance of your
family; If I dont, d n me."
" Part em, part 'em," was the cry from many,
and again I heard Aaron's voice rising above the
others, saying ,
. DJd the niggur mulist you?"
" No; but I intruded my conversation upon
him, and he could gin me no answer.' .
Well I say 'twas d-n mean, to beat a neigh-
par's niggur merely because he cum to git a
drink, now yon know, Wolfe, when you was ia
the army, aarvia ander Can. Jackson, you would
steal oct te get a' drink, and why not lew the
poor aiggur the same privilege."
" D a the aiggur; I've a great mind to use
him right up, and yon too for taking his part."
" Now, use me up, just as soon as you choose ;
yoa know, Wolfe, you is bigger than me; bat I
tell you I'm" all gristle; an' God never made a
man who could walk over me, or hurt faster
when he begins; I weigh just one hundred and
" I don't care what the devil yoa weigh, nor
any thing about yoa all I can My is, I can lick
yoa; if yoa take the aiggur's part you hi no bet
ter than a niggur; I My this and stand in my
" Now, you usedn't talk about year shoes, luxe
yon see Ym barefooted, I hain't got so shoes, 'tis
true, Tout I stand JUfttd, and d a the man
who eaa move me one inch; do you hear that,
f Yes I hear it end Aaron I can Tick you."
" Well, Wolfe, 111 fight yon, but you've nev
er bad a better friend than I've been. J'm
friended yoa, when no other man world."
."How have yoa friended me, Aaron, an
what have yoa dono for ater
" Didn't I keep theat steers "of jo ore, better
than two months; aad didnt I tnra that pied
heifer of yoarn Into Biy pea patch !" . ..
"An" spaeea yoa did, didut I call wp rwor 1
lwvahnt tLt 'a Mtlhinr ta do with U- A.
:.l.t.T7-"-. "I ;.T: ,
" ffc -Su.
Aaron could stand this no longer but made at
him. . " .1
" Part w, part 'ea," was again the cry; but '
now the girls interfered, erring oat, " let em
I fight, let 'em fight, yoa 'spoae w gwin to stand 1
here all night holding the light " and at the
same time I discovered a hearty, buxom, lively
looking gui. whom they called Poll, rolling her
sleeves up, and swtaring at the same time, that
both were cowards, and that she believed she
could cool 'em both out; this added fresh stimu
lus, and at it they went; the first concussion
was like the meetLg of two locomotives at full
speed the jar was so gnat, that both were
thrown into the yrjd. whefe, clinching, they
rolled over like a conu'j of cats, squalling and
using the mrtyr.; "i-atipns; the crowd
still preMed'uevf holding the
Hutrah for Wolfe. Well done Aaron; now
gouge tun; oh! you missed a chance; now give
it to.tiun; wny don t you bite him!'
These and similar, expressions, were constant
ly vociferated by the partisans of each othcr,and
seeing the affair was about drawing to a focus, I
slipped off, and went to bed.
Every thing now was comparatively quiet, and
but a few moments danted, before. Poll, with a
crowd at her heels, cane in, almost convulsed
. ' What is the matter? said I.
' Oh! the prettiest figit,' said Poll'they vrere
both cowartia, but you ought to have seen it; I
knew they were 'sturbia you, standin' there quar
relling, so I made 'em fitht, merely to hare it
over; I tell yoa what, thi-re's no mistake ' in
Aaron, when he does bejn.'
At this moment Aaroq came in, walking care
lessly along, with his fare much scratched and
a handkerchief over one of his eyes.
Toll Well Aaron yos U a root, I didn't know
'twas in the little man.
'Poll, jou know I always told you I was all
Well, I didn't think so, but I tell you, you
was all over him; I didut see the licks, but I
heard 'em, and they seemed to me to fall just as
if I was shakin' down 'simmons.
How much longer this dialogue would have
lasted, heaven knows, but being uncomfortably
situated, I called ta Miss Poll, whose face I re
ally liked, and asked her to be good enough to
arrange the children, for if she did not I should
soon be kicked out of bed; my wish was hardly
cxprcsf ed, before Poll stripped down the cover
ing and began slappis.:; every child which was
out cf its place, without pnying the least regard
to the fact whether it was asleep or awake; this
had the desired ' effect with the children, they
were soon, packed aTay, with a strict injunction
from Poll, to keep c,uiet or they'd cit it a"in '
and 1 rM-Eoy-fcer- I feitmore sleep?. ..ft.r
Poll had leaned over me to arrange the children.
and was kind enough to wish me a good night's
The bouse now soon bee.; me very still, so much
so, that, one would hard'r even have suspected it
of having been the scene of such a commotion
asJhe one described.
Tin' stairs which 'd to the le.ft, ran up from
my r-cm, and w hile I was endeavoring to sleep.
Poll euict'v tr'n'-ed in nLf.in. lwarin" a child in
her iriw, wi-h several small ones following' her.
Tln-h.ji-j; don't nj!ic a noise
'O, !he devil! said I, you don't me a toput
them in my bed V
'No. sir, these belonjnp In the loft.
And she marched them eeut'y np ftaira, dis
posed of tin m, and again retiirrtig, disappear
ed; scarce ly & minute pafed, before she tripped
r.p w ith another; rnti! Jie began to labor up, I
hard her ay, Well i pever reed so many chil
dren in my life,' and so I thought; speaking
wi hin the bmmi's .of moderation, I think she
carried into the loft, fiom twelve to fifteen chil
dren, then coming down puffing with fatigue, she
d!sarprareI, and iTI was quiet
V ell. the scene is over for the night, said I
not so, however, for I again heard Toll's voice
in the entry, amid a small bustle, saying;, 'Now,
tkc yur shoes off, snd march up easy, dr.n't
you disturb that jrentVnwin.
1 ne aoor opened, ana foil appeared with a
light, and as she did, the turned about and whis
pered in a luw voice, Now march, and then
led the way up stairs, follawed by, I will not say
how many of the crowd who had gathered, all
marching silently after her ia siagle file; they
formed a Ion line which wss several minutes in
passing, and I witnessed what I fear I shall nev
er see again.
- 1 must eoniess, with the whole scene I was
struck dumb, utterly amaxed, and confoanded;
good heavens, thought I, what a packing touch
they'll have up stair; and yet there was do bus
tle I heard sometahijr which sounded like the
rustling of sieeis, sad ia a few minutes after,
every thin;? was as quiet as the wild woods; this
silence reigned unbroken, Mrs an occasional
jar which shook the Taoose, resembling the slight
shock of an earthquake, or the moving of some
heas-y body above me with a handspike; this wm
occasioned, by the joint turning over of the phal
anx in the loft; when this ceased all was quiet,
and I went to sleep. -
Axxcnora or Ma. WrisTta. Mr. Webster
was fond of a joke, but only of a harmless one,
and a benevolent one. - He had, In Northfield,
across the river from hie Franklin farm, a small
piece of laciy, bsrrea laud, with a poor bouse
apoa it, in which a very destitute family had
been living tome time, without paying any rent.
Upon one of his visits to the place, the good wo
man expressed her anxiety abort being able to
remain, biie evpactea to be taroea eat, arm aia
not know where to go. She looped Mr. Webr ier
would not be hard with her. He heard her
through, tad told her, with, great gravity, that
he knew it wm a bard ease for her; he washed
to consider her, and did act mean to be aukind,
bet ha had a great many to prore for. At the
tame time patting hit hand into bit pocket, he
took out a fire dollar hill, and funded it to ber.
, k. ,,m dohMurhr
. ....... .. .- . ' ,
0 u soe COCH1 r
,a the ptaee aaotber year for that, he should be
j vary giaa, ua roae au. -
. He who forget the fountain ut of which h
drank, and the trees under whaM eaa 4e he gaa-
bolei In the days of hi youth, la a stranger to .
th sweetest Lmprestioas of a human heart. 1
My Life ia Like the Summer Eoie.
BT HOX. RICHARD HK5RT WILDE. -. .
That on ta th aaarainf ky,
Bat r th ahadaa af r.t elan,
. Ia aeauarad aa th sroaad w dia; .
lot a that tn haaahla bad, ' '
' Th wnat dw wfalfai aat ahadi,
Aa if ah wapt sack wait to;
Bat as ah all wp a taar far aaa.
My Ufa b Lik. th Aataata W,
That tramhlaa ia tha arooa'i pal raj;
Iu hold ia Rail it, suta ia hri,
Batls aad aooa to paaa in?;
Tat ar that kafahatl fall aad tada,
Th paraat tra ahall awcra la abada,
. Tha wiada bawail tha la all at is;
Bat aoaa ahall kfaatha a aifh far aa. "
Mr EC la lik th (mat that Vt
Bar laft aa Tanpa1! aartuad;
too aa tha riaiaf tiaa ahall hast.
All trace than raaiah fta th aaad:
Tot, aa if (ririttf to ae
ATI rvttif of th baaiaa laoa, '
Oa that km abora toad sto tha aaa;
Bat bob ahall a'ar laaiaal for aaa.
Don't Stay Long.
"Don't stay long, husband," said a youag wife
tenderly, in my presence, one evening, as her
husband was preparing to go out. The words
themselves were insignificant, but the look of
melting kindness that accompanied them, spoke
volumes. It told the whole rut depths of a
woman's love of hef happiness when frith, her
husband of her grief when the light of his
smile, the source of all her joy, beamed not
brightly upon her.
JlDon't stay long, husband!" end I fancied I
saw the loving, gentle wife, sitting alone, anx
iously counting the moments of her husband's
absence; every few minutes running to the door,
to see if he were in sight; and finding that he
was not, I thought I could hear her exclaiming,
in disappointed tones, "not yet net yet'
" Don't stay long, husband." And again I
thought I oauld see the young wife, rocking her
self nervously in the great arm chair, and weep
ing as though her heart would break, as her
thoughtless "lord and master' prolonged his
stay to a wearisome length of time.
O, you that have wives, that say, "Don't stay
long," when you go forth, think of them kindly
when you are mingling In the busy hive of life,
and try, jest a litt'e, to'cvik? their homes aad
hearts happy, for they are gems too seldom found,
and when lost, too seldom replaced. You can
not find, amid the pleasures of the world, the
peace snJ joy that a qnict home, blessed with
such a woman's presence, will afford.
"Don't stay king, hatband!" and the youn;
wife's look seemed to say, " for here, in your
own sweet home, is a loving heart, whose music
is hnshed when you arc abcnt here ia a soft
breast for you to lay your head upon, and here
are pnre ips, unaoiled by sin, that will pay you
with kies for coming back soon."
Think ef it, men, when your wives say to yon.
'don't stay long." and, oh, don't let the kind
words pass unheeded, as of little value, for though
they may be to you, the disappointment or the
fulfillment of their simple, loving wish, brings
erief or joy to thera. If yoa have an hour
to rpare, betow it upen them, and the pure love,
mhing from their gentle, grateful hearts, will
be a sweet reward.
Jo Aoaxs asb Thou as JrrrrBor. On the
morn in it of the 4-h of July, Mr. Adams,
tlionph evidently near his death, awoke at the
rinsing of bells and firing of cannon. The at
tendant who watched with him, ssked him if he
knew what day it was? "Oh, yes," he replied;
" it is the glorious 4th of July. God bless it;
God bles: you all."
In the forenoon the Orator of the day, the
Rev. Mr. Whitney, the parish minister ef Mr.
Adams, called to tee him, and found him seated
in an arm chair. In the course of the Interview,
Mr. Whitney asked for a sentiment to be given
at the public table. He replied: "I will give
yon, ' Independence f ireverP " " After a few
moments had elapsed, a lady asked him if he
wihed to add any thjng to the toaYt, and he
said, "Not a syllable." .This occurred sn hour
er two before he breathed his last In the course
ef the day he said: "It k a great and good day.
That his thoughts were dwelling on the scenes
of 1778, is evident front the last fords which he
uttered: " Jefferson survives," which were spo
ken about the time Jtifferton expired.
In like manner Mr. Jefferson, in the short in
tervals of delirium which occurred in hit last
hour, seemed to dwell exclusively on-the events
of the Revolution. .He talked ia broken sen
tencea of the Committee ef Safety. One of his
exclamations wm: "Warn the Committee to be
on their geard, and be instantly rose in his bed,
snd went through the act of writing a hurried
Bote. But for the greater part of the time dur
ing the last day of his life, hras blessed with
the enjormrnt of his reason. The only anxious
wish he expressed for himself, was that fie might
lire to breathe the air of the fiftieth anniversary
of Independence. When that day arrived, he
wm repeatedly heard te murmur his satisfaction.
Eisirr Enrst or Woarrx. Ths obstinate wo
man gets to tea ia a bandbox
' The patient woman roasts aa ox with a bsra
The em tors wo maa would trie to tnra t rain
bow aver, to sea what thera wm m tha other
side. ' ''..-" ' " '
The vu'gar woman ia a spider attempting to
spin silk. . .
The cautions woman writes proaisei ea a
' The envious womaa kills herself ia esdeavor-
ing to lace tighter than her neighbor.
tag tO I:
The extravagant woman burnt a wax candle
. . . . , - . w " .
Th happy women died. In a deaf and hmb
Cjnvince a rUe nun of bis error, and as will
thank yoa; convince a fool, and ha may insult '
The Origin cf Paper Money.
The invention of paper money is much more
ancient than the establiahment of the earliest
Banks. . Tha Bank of St. George, of Genoa, the
most ancient we kav, was found oV ia 1407;
but before the thirteenth century, KoUat, grand
son of Genghis Khan, the Tartar conqueror, in
troduced Paper Money into China, and his ex
example wu at once followed by his cousin, Kai
goticu, the Sultan of Persia; both Were obliged
to abolish it on accoict of the great discords it
produced in tty-ar extert 'c rSminio&s. ,
Since this epoch, the Chines i3i) eminent las
again established. Paper Moce)r, nud in Russia
they can now show a Chinese asTgt,
In Turkey, also, the collectors of certain tax
es deliver receipts to those who pay them, and
these papers hare the currency of money.
It is not pretended that Paper Money wu first
invented by the Mongols; on the contrary, its
invention was everywhere as easy as its use was
obvious, and particularly attractive for all gov
ernments, for its temporary advantage in crisis
of difficulty. x
The idea of substituting a token or promisso-
ry obligation, for a presentjntriusic value, could
occur even to a simple, or barbarous people, of
which there are many examples
Aristotle, in his Economics, tells us, that Den
nis, the Tyrant of Syracuse, coined money of
tin, which he declared to be legal, and equiva
lent to silver.
Timoth.ua, the General of ths Athenians, in
a moment of difficulty, coined brass money, as
suring his murmuring soldiers that h would re
ceire it, in the purchase of the spoils he wm to
make. We have heard much of the leather
money used by the Cartiiageniana.
It is true, none of it wm Paper Money, but
they resemble it, aa merely tokens of confidence;
the 1. 0. U.
We read alto of the Iron money of Bytanti-
am, and, of some of the ancient citiM of Greece.
In England, copper money is only a token or
sign, current for nearly double its value in metal.
In Russia, skint and furs have been used for
money, but their inconvenient bulk gave rise , in
early time, to an ingenious representation of
these natural coins, which was small pieces of
leather stamped, which were used as money, to
be liquidated by furs and skins, as expressed.
The leather coin waj used in some parts as the
silver copeck, down to the year 1703.
Among the simple Hindoos, whose wants are
few, and the produce of the earth acquired with
little labor, gold and sifVer, or even copper or
iron, are of no great value in comparison; and
their small money is cowry shells, collected on
the snores of Ceylon aad of the Maldive Islands;
these shells have been the current money of the
Mongols, of Bengal, snd Botan, as well as of
Guinea. On tlie discovery of America, grains
of Cocoa served for money. . In Abyssinia, their
merchandizes are valued by salt and pepper; oh
the island of Newfoundlsnd by codfish; in Ice
land by a sort of wool; pieces of nankeen serve
for the money of comparison, in the exchange
between the Chinese and the Russians, at Ki
aktu; among the Greeks of the Lower Empire,
pieces of silk performed this function; in ancient
Chronicles, gold, silver, and silk, are mentioned
equally as money.
The basis of the currency of the Chinese snd
the Russians seem to be more curious and sub:
staotial than any other. The small coins of the
Chinese appear to cost more in the labor of the
fabrication, than any are worth ia their curren
cy; they cannot, therefore, be forged, and the
material is a mixed metal worth leas in the cru
cible, or for exportation, than in its use M coin-
In Russia, the abundant bate of their curren
cy it copper, whose value in coins is leu than in
commerce as a metal; this is an unusual condi
tion, but a happy one as far as it extends.
As riches and circulations increased with civ
ilization and confidence, and, after the discove
ry of America, and the working in its mines,
gold and silver took with advantage the place
of all those expedients; one step further has
been taken cn the basis of credit ia the sat of
Paper Money. '
Metallic money, in its value, its quantity, its
facility and rapidity of circulation In its trans
port and presence, can no longer be suitable or
equal to the exigencies of our trade aad ejehia-
fes; paper has become iiulispensable everywhere
in foreign commerce, and m useful as necessa
ry in this great internal trade of an improved,
active and productive country.
Pai-rms vs. On, toss. Compare the orator
with the newspaper, and we gain a faint glimpse
of the ubiquitous power of the latter. The ora
tor speaks to a few hundreds er thousands th
newspaper addresses its million of millions.
The words of the orator rear die on the
the language of the newspaper is stamped upon
taolee as imperithabie M marble. The argu
raaut of the orator may fotlow each other so
rapidly, that a majority of his hearers may strug
gle In a net of ratiocination the reading of a
newspaper may be scanned at leisure, without a
fear of perplexity. The passion of aa orator ia
fiaaes the whole assembly tha feeling of the
newspaper sways the continent. The orator ia
for ta edifice the newspaper ia for tha world;
the one shine for aa hour, tha other for ail
time. The orator may be compared to EgM-
aingL which flashes over a vail ay for a moment
only, leaving it again in darkness .the newspa
per, to a sun biasing over a whole earth, "and
fixed on the uj of ha owa eternity. Print
ing has bee happily defined, the art which
p-socrres a! arts." Printing make th orator
more thaa th orator. It eatche ap hi dying
words, aad breaihee iato theat ths breath of Ufa.
It is the speaking gallery through which the or
ator thunders forth la th year of ages. H
leans from the tomb, ever th. cradle ef he ris- j tVbea Hum ttst no oUerver. b sraid af thy
mg generation. . j alf. that whieih von are afraid to lahSmr smb.
j Sccx Docrans. Ia Kngtand, there ar tw
j maxims which generally prevail in society, aad
! which saieht b adooted her with, ttranr :r-'
&fJ tJlh tuljaT fa Bm
ui,' or T irat mine yr sUfioa. 0!-
, sains tn'gkt be writeq to enforce these scssd
ouzamos sense truths, but we will leave our rea-
i don to make the applicatica.
A HeHaale Younj Kaa.r
Reader, were you ever in a strange place, aad
on making inquiry of some friend, what younf
gentleman that wm that had just passed, receiv
ed fur an answer his name, and the additional
remark, emphasixed-he is a reliable young maa?
Then you know aoaethias; of the effect aoctt a
remark is likely to produce. It Is like "good)
newt from a far country, or cold water to tha
thirsty soul." A reliable young maa! How
pleasing the reflection, that, ia the midst of tha
numerous temptaUone tuwluch the Touiu: ,
subject ia this age iljA cuuutry, e oeociielil'y
find one of whom the remark la Utr!nacal!y
true. We know taey are like aogtl's visits, but
that only makes the remark more thrilling, aad
places the subject of it higher ia the estimation
of all right thinking men, and we may add wo
men too. . .
There It a world of meaning la the lena rea-
able, at we use it in this couatry. It means juas
anyUnog that is worthy and to be commanded.
: If a young man is proaeto any of the lMJis
I vices of the day, If he makes promUwa aad rio-
j latet them, or habitually psiata hit eonrenatJoa
with high wrought and exaggerated cxprvtsKja,
he cannot be called reliable. If he 1 frivolous.
inattentive to business, careless, Indolent, or too
fond of pleasure and pastime, he tucnot be call
ed reliable. Much less, if guilty of a violation
of those higher laws of community, not to at
of God, th Infraction of which would tnak
him rank with th immoral and the vicious.
How enviable th position of a reliable nvarr
In a community capable of appreciating hi
worth. Every one confides in his integrity. Hi
word iavnever doubted cj a business maa h I .
lure to obtain the highest salary. Th good
bless him whsrercr they tee kin. The old me
speak of him frequently ia terms of the highest
praise, and those wh bar daughter think a
littl mora than they My while the mother are
by no meant chary of their eompllmsnta end
th daughters smile withunAffected complacence
upon him, and could h bat hear what thsy hart
to say of him after h lias gone, It would doubt
less make him blush, for men of merit ax sure
to be mectest. In short, the p-ais of tack a
young maa is en th lips of every on whokaowt
him, except those, it may be, who envy him be
cause be stands so for above them, er a.'. tha
despicable class who derplt that '
Ob, how refreshing in thtM'degeneratctiae,
to mo such a young man! When will paras te
learn wMora ta u to impart propenstjuctlaj
to tneir cnuuren, iu.it tney may learn to appre
ciate labor more, and participate ta tueh asso
ciations m will make them wis and good, in
stead of those that lead (through flowery path
it may be) to vice, degradation sail infamy.
Pxrrrr Hajtoa. Daliaate, beautiful hand!
Dear Miss, how do you contrive to atak your
hands so pretty? And such rings, too, u if to
draw attention that way. Let us fed thera.
Oh, dear, hew toft and tender! Do yon bak,
Miss? No. Do you make beds t No. Do yoa
wash floors, aad scrub the pot sad kettle
N. So w thought. Look at your mother's
hands. Ain't yon Mhamed to let that old lady
kill horaelf outright, while you do nothisf from
daylight to dark, bat keep th dust fro as your
face, sed the fliw from your hands? Whaiaro
yoa fit far? Will a man of common tease mar
ry you for your delicate hands? A person who
is a real man, would prefer to te them black
ened occasionally, by coming ia contact with
pot-hooks aad trammels, and calloused ay a day
or two's hard ruii at the washing board. Pretty
fingers, indeed! Whsl ar thy good for, but
to mors over a piano', or stick through roli
ring? Lik many of the vain thing of earth,
they are kept for show, snd nothing more. For
our part, wa would rather tec them wera out ia
actual service, and as tough as a coquette' eon
seience, than to tender that a fly's foot will
mak an imprcsin upon it.
As anonymous writer says:. "On makina
call, th other day, at the bouse of an American
missionary in Jerusalem, I taw a little boy, la
the Turkish costume, sitting on a sofa. My first
thought wm, what aa enormous turbaa the boy
hMon! and my second, 'how very small he is!
Judge of ay surprise when I found h wu a
husband, being little more than ten year old,
and his wife not nine ! Truly, this I beginning
life young. ' And thTT reminds me that a friend.
of ours mw aa Armenian lady in Aici
who, although but twenty-six years of tg. was
a grandmoUer.k The gee quit bytd th
cany marriages m the United States.'
Hour The most riendl ess cf hemaa beings'
bM a country which h admires and sxtols, aad
which be would, under the Mm ciremutaneec.
prefer to all others under heaven. Tempt bin
with the fairest fae of nature, plaM him by liv
ing water under shadowy tree of Lebanon,
opes to hi view all the gorgeoua allurement of
ui sunniest climates, he wul lore ths reeks sad
deserts of his cbildhoo J better thaa 3 theee.
aad thou canst not bribe bis soul to forget th
laad ef his nai-rity SrItuf Sntili.
Lovx or Cscutsjre The good man swme t
that other individual whom th poet bM stigms-
tited m being lest thaa maa, for aoo'.hlr reason
thai that hs bM sot masse la bis tod. Iadced,
it mar b said that tiers i a ausio Sk th
voice of a happy , snd no beauty l that ia th
fie of aa iotalH-eot child.
A person who undertakes to ra : hlxMlf by
seaodalixirg others, might as we3 r't ivn cm
wfc.aitt.aawiar an a l-'-.-'r "
be a'-aid to thiuk nfbcfqr God.
Bad sn especial n-p:asu fa Itwisg and kfCg V
loraj Try yotzsg ehiLdrsn. Ia trcih, th man wiLh
out such lovs is st maeh behind humanity sa .
Long words, like long dresses, tteqea tly bid
soacCJng wrong about li ucdrrtanil!rig.
Ths pasiion for cc,cir- rithss, ia rder w)
suTTert a vain expc e, corrupts t'aa rurest souls.
1 1 -
W bop to grow eld, rat we, fe ft old ag V
that is, we ar will jig to live, tt afraid - .
4 evder ta
j,.., - SI
xml | txt