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White Cloud Kansas chief. [volume] (White Cloud, Kan.) 1857-1872, July 23, 1857, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015486/1857-07-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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i, and see that the villaint eckr I and an exit gained; the whole forte of- the In-1 If an; one will visit the h
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1m tfciaa lar " "1 'a.
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aj rmttkrCuWr-f arrlM kiad;
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B.D km al IVa kam a Hrana,
- -. giaca w aut4 ky li aulL
Fm bit bar'aPi acaaai a tvrrt,
I km ana IttjJ frr .iaca tkea,
Ai art )la. mr fcaa anukai mt,
b ajifai ialrt r arilk aa;
F. f ka ' aT InnK r Cilia;,
A. aa liviaj v i.-a aiiT fill,
HMk baaa an-l pal a. ''r "ia;,
t iar a a t il by Iha nil.
,T ikr fitaa r.r ajkm iher'ra Uil lh,
kVith Iba hailf T-m'i blonal fbara,
I baaa enaia aot ta apt r ti I tlwa
Ke. mw ft t aa 1 anl lora
1 Bai aiy .piiif Ita'Jk tr tokav
Tfeal tliiaa'aa aill awat aia rtill,
H't0f Ik. tratla ba r wa, broken,
' En pr.J Ljiaa anill.
. "Well, Kile," id lior bri Jcj.u lid, Lucr
Camei'vn, the cl. a uk very ilnviiU'iiin; ,
' and tou know ic i mi J lJ lc -in un'uckj on u
forano'a arcd-Un "'K1" lJ he Unny."
- Pih.iar, Lucr, you would fright n mo w'uh
wnm uld gmn Ira Jlhcr'a Ulc as it' I were a child!
I believe not iu omens and shall fon.'ft all uu
lucky presagta, when tlie wife iif Richard
too," Mimwercd the lorely and smiling bride.
" You treat it lightly, and I tru.t it m ty nut
be omiiiotu) of your conjugal life," regiiiiM-d Lu
cr: "but my uuut Kitty ayj that 'a the reason
aha iKVtr iu.irrvd; becau-c it was raining iu
torrents the Jay the was to have been wed Jed,
an t she dic irded her lover because it was un
lucky." "Ah, Lucy, I do not mean to doubt your good
aunt's work; but there must hare been some
mora serious cause linked with the one you have
meittionad. My life on it, I do not lose a hus
band for so slight a cause. It must be something
more than a common occurrence that shall now
break &r the match with Dick aud myself. But
see, the company are beginning to arrive," said
Kate, as she looked from the window of her
.room. and I mast prepare for the ceremony
The morning of the day of which we hare
spoken, had opened in unclouded splendor, and
all seemed propitious to the nuptials that were
to be aolenuiiscd in the evening. The inmates
of the cabin la which the preceding conversation
had been carried ou, had arisen cheerfully with
the first notea ot the early robin, to prepare for
the festival, to which the whole neighborhood,
consisting of all wilhiu fifteen or twenty miles,
(lor the neighborhoods were then large, and hab
itations scarce,) were indiscriminately invited.
Kate Lee was the only child of her parents.
and had been barn and raised in the humble cot
tage which her father had assisted to construct
aMr- his own bands. Mr. Lee had mured to his
pre.-eiit residence wh;n few reutured tbas far
into the Indian territory; and by his own labors,
and that of his two servants, had erected a dou
ble cabin, and cleared about filly acres of laud,
upon a rich piece of high ground, a mile and a
half from the James River. By his urbanity
and kindness, be hvl gained the confidence of
the Indians and in all their depredations su far,
tie bad gone unscathed. He was of good birth
and education, an J the most hospitable nun in
the settlement. The property which he held,
ani the style in whicn he lived, together with
hut superior knowledge, gave him a standing
.among the settler superior to aU. Ever ready
to aitsist (he needy, and always just iu his opin
ions and acliuus he was looked to for cvuiuel.
rather than treated as an equal.
As we said before, Kate was his only child,
and had been the solace of her pareuta lor uiue
4cea years. SI had uow attained to fuli-biowa
ero man hood, and from her beauty and intelli
gence, her hand b-.d been often asked by the
bardy son of the pioneers. Her heart was un
touched until young Gatoo-laid siege to it. Te
bis eloquent appeals she lent willing ear, and
promised to be hia bride.
" At Kate was the fereliestglri in the country,
so ww Richard Uaxton the most to be envied
among the youths. Of fine, mail! stature, su
perior intellect and unflagging energy, he was
the best match in the settlement. Re cultivated
a little farm oa the other side of the river, and
rhea occasion offered, engaged In the practice
Of the law, for which both education and nature
Uttedhitn. He had been in the setUement about
aeean years, and from his open and conciliatory
Kssnera, hi bold and manly bearing, had be-1
come a favorite with all around him. lit wis
always the first to uke up his rifle, and sally
againt the hostile Indians when necessity re
quired it, and, from his andoubted courage, War
always chosen leader of the little bands farmed
to repel the sav.-re foe.
When the toils of the week had passed, Gas
ton might be seen, with his rifle on his shoulder,
moving towarJ the river, where his canee was
fastened, and springing lightly into M, dasnmg
through the foaming waters and among the
rocks, as safely and cheerfully as if passing over
a smooth and glassy lake; and, on the following
evening, he might be seen again, braving the
nulling current, with the tame careless case.
but more thoughtful brow; for who ever yet par
ted from the (rirl of his heart, with the same joy
ful aspect which h wore when going to meet
her. Let uj now return to the wcdd.ng-day.
" Hare yon beard of the Indian that was found
murdered on the bank of the creek this morn
ingt" atid a yonng m m, after the company had
assembled, to Mr. Lee.
N V aniwered Mr. Lee, with surprise, -1
had hoped from the long peace thtt had reigned.
we should hire no more such outrages against
the poor Indiana.. But how is it possible, sir, If
they are thus shot down, that we can expect
them to keep quiet?"
" .The body," continued the first speaker "was
found by some of his tribe; and they Immediate
ly threatened vengeance if the murderers were
not give-, up. But this is impossible; because
we dn not knaw them.
At this moment a lond eraah of thunder ech
oed t'ironjfh the woods to suddenly as to make
all stirt fnm (heir seat.
" Well, my friend," said Mr. Lee, as anon as
all ant ajKin quiet, " we shall be as likely to
suffer fmm thi rashness as the offender, sna
mnt be prepared. I am elad you hive bronghts
your pnn with yon, Sir on es- f'-y come in too
hrzf a b dy, we shtll be able to hold out against
Tiis wa Slid with thit cilmness which a fre
quent recurrence f such circiimatanceswill pro
duce; and .he rehtinj- hia rifle, after nreparinj
it fur immediate u-e. the bride entered the mom
In all the lovelineas of gnccful besuty. Few
oniimcnta ticked her perin, neciue none
CMi'd add to her natural prace nd elegance.
Her h lir of jet black, was simnly parted in front,
dnwn hick, and fastened behind, displaying a
forehead of m.jrble whiteness; a wreath, ming
ling the white rose with other forest flowers, was
the only nrnammt on her head.
Tlieatorm. which hid bef.irc been heard, but
at a d:stance, oera-d now to h ive attained it
greatest vi.denee, and In be concentrated over
the honae. Peal after peal of thnnder, came
rinpin: thmnirh the hollow, each aucceeding
one njpirent!v louder and mre crahinz than
the former. Fl ih upon fl ih. of the quick and
vivid liirh'ninr, streamed mit,retiii;aehi'e no
on the snrr uinding scenery, and striking terror
into the heart of the more suneistition cuesta.
The rain, wh:ch at first fell in larpe drop, that
cou'd he distinctly heard amid the awful silence,
ave when the thunders echoed, now came down
in torrents; and the thunder pealed out louder
ami louder, quicker and quicker, Icavin- scarce
Iv internvssinii ennn'h for the voice of Richard I
Gaston, to be heard by his beautiful bride. He
had impatiently awaited the invitation of Mr.
Lee to meet hia daughter, but no longer able, i
amid the war of elements, to restrain himself,
he advanced to. and seated himself by the side
of his beloved Kate, and gently taking her hand
a his, inquired if she was alarmed by the storm 1
To his inquiry she only smiled, and shook her
I see not, then why we may not proceed
with the ceremony; the storm " here a keen
and fearful crash jarred the hnuso to its founda
tion, leaving traces of fear on the countenances
of all but the lovers and the parson ; Gaston con
tinued, however, " the storm may last an hour,
and that is longer, my Kate, than I would like
to defer the consummation of my hopes.
" I am ready." answered Kate, blushing, and
without raising her eyes
They rose from their seats and advanced to
the parson, who immediately commenced the
ceremony. It was impossible to tell whether
pleasure or fear predominated on the countenan
ces of the guests, as they pressed forward to wit
ness the solemn ceremony of uniting two being
lor life. In the intervals of the thunder a faint
smile weuld play upon their faces, but, as a rat
tling volley would strike their ears, their shrin
king forms and bloodless lips, betrayed their ter
ror. The tempest seemed for a moment to have
held Its breath, aa if to witness the'conclusion
of the nuptials; but now, as the parson conclu
ded with salute your bride," a peal of thunder,
keener, and more startling than any yet, struck
such terror to their souls, that none, not even the
parson, Gaston himtelf, both of whom had
been shocked, perceived that the fhimn-y haiT
fallen to the earth, until awak-sned to a venae of
their situation by the shrill war-whoop of the In
dians, which now mingled in dreadful unison
with the bowling storm.
All thought of the storm vanished at once
.'efence against the savages seemed to be the
firs- idea of all, as each man, with determined
look, grasped bis rifle, and gathered around the
Tern des.
The Indians, lead on by their noted chief Fj
gle Eye, to avenge the death of their comrade,
found hi the morning, would perhaps have awai
ted the subsidence of the storm, bad wot the
falling of the chimney displayed to them the
disorder and eonfnsioa within the cabin. View
ing K as the most favorable time for aa attack,
they raised th-ir dreaded war-whoop, and sprang
to the breach. That war whoop, however, served
but to nerve the htrdy pioneers, and chase from
their bosom the fears which the wars of nature
alone created. Richard G iston, from custom,
.assumed the command; and with til it coolness
and self-posessiop which indicates undaunted
bnrrr --ceedcd to jive such ordei at the
time wond allow. .
Lei the fern ilea," said he, gO bor
He upon the floor, and we, toy Uave boys. Will
show them what tioat hearta and strong arms
can do ia dtf.nce of beauty. Six of yea go to
the next room, and see that the villains enter
not, except over your dead bodies; the rest will
remain and defend this opening.
, The reader must not suppose that all was still
during this brief address. The Indians, whose
numbers amounted to several hundred, had fired
once, and not being able, on account of the rain,
to load a-ain, now attempted to enter over the
ruins of the chimney, and through the window
The light had been extinguished at the first yell,
and all was dark, save when the Bashes of light
ning revealed to the few within the fearful odds
against them without. Several Tollies had mean
while been poured into the Indians, and a mo
mentary flash revealed the effects. Many were
lying dead, or dying, forming a sort of breast
work at the breach. Becoming more infuriated
as those who had cone before, fell, under the
constant fire of the whites, the savages now, in
a compact body, attempted an entrance; and
the whites, (till cool, as) if danger threatened
not, waited until they reached the very breach,
and then every man, with hia muzzle almost
touching the Indiana, discharged his piece. The
savages wavered and then fell back, amid the
shouts of the victorious yeomen.
The next flish of lightning discovered the In'
dians retreating to the woods, and dragging ma
ny of their dead with them. Another wild shout
bant from the lips of the victorious whites.
When all was again still, the voice of Mr. Lee
was heard in thanksgiving for their deliverance
so far; and when he had concluded, he proposed
a eoruultathn upon the best means to be pur
sued, as it was certain the Indians had only re
tired to devise some other mode of. attack. Some
were for deserting their present situation, and
flying to the woods fir concealment; others, and
the greater number, proposed remaining where
they wire, became the Indians hid not certain
gne far, and if discovered, unprotected by
the logs, they must fall an easy -irey to such su
perior number-., while by remaining they had
anme advantage, and a small chance to keep
them off.
In the meantime, the females, the firing hav
ing ceased, had left their hiding-place, and now
mingled with the warriors. It was soon deter
mined to hold on to their present situation, and
defend it to the la, fdionN they ho ssain at
tacked. The better to add to iu security, sev
eral of the stoutest commenced raising a oarrier
at the opening, with the loir, thit had been
thrown down; while others barricaded the doors
and windows. Thia being finished, they bean
an intjnh-y Infcr the Injury they bad received; and
found six of their number were killed.
The rain memwhi'e hid ceased, an 1 the dis
tant muttering, of the thunder could only be
heard ;-t intervals. All was silent in the cabin,
awaiting the expected approach of the savspe.
Kate had approached Gaston when ahe 6:st
came into the room, an 1 timid'y asked if he was
hurt. Hav:nr received a satisfactnrv r.n-rcr.
she remained silently by his side, until all was
prepared for action. Then, for a moment, for
getting the dangers that aurmnnded him.G iston
yielded to the impulse of his heart, and imprin
ted upon her ruhy lips the kiss of which he had
een so suddenly deprived by the onset of the
" M.T own Kate," said he, " if von find we are
' overcome, you must try and make your es
car thron!-h the back door, and thence to the
woods. . Here is one of my pistol?, take it, and
if you are purrncd, you know how to use it;
shoot down the first foe who dares to lay a hand
on yon. Make for the river; you know where
my canoeSs; the current is rapid and dangerous.
bnt if von can reach the other bank you are sa fe.
Far-well, now, my own sweet love, and if I fall,
may heaven protect you.
Gaston was not a man to melt at everv cir
cumstance, but to be thus separated from his
bride, perhaps never to meet again, brought a
tear to his manly check. Love had for a moment
unmanned his firm and nob!e heart; but it bad
passed, and he was again a soldier; thinking on
ly how best to defend what he valued more than
his life his wife.
At this moment the whoop of the Indians was
sounded to (he assault Each man sprang to his
post The whites had been equally divided, and
a party -stationed in each room. The rooms
wet now simultaneously attacked by the foe;
and with clubs and large stones they endeavored
to force the door. The silence of death reigned
within, while without all was tumult and confu
sion. The door at length yielded one board
and then another gave, way, while yell upon yell
rose at their success.
Hold on, boys, until I give the word," said
Gaston, - and thsa stop your blowa only with
your rives." . .
The door and its whole support yielded, and
ia poured the savages like a whirlwind. " Fin
awe," said Gaston, " and dub your guns. -
Almost as one report sounded the puns of ev
rry one in the house the yells and cries of the
wounded and infuriated foe almost appalled the
stoutest hearts; but this was no time to admit
fear, if they frit it. The Indiana were making
every exertion to enter over the pile of dead
bodies that b'neked tip the door-way; and the
pun of each man with'n. clinched hv the barrel,
was lowered on'v to add another to the heap.
For twenty m nutes the fishthad raged with un
abated fury, and with unrelaxed exertions, wh-a
the m-i-m. hreakin; f.irth in all her splendor, ex
hib:ted the combatants as plain aa the light of
mid-day. ' One Indian, stouter and bolder than
the rest, had gained aa entrance, and fixing his
eyes on Gaatan, as he saw him encountring and
directing the others to thctr work of death, he
pare a loud yell and sprang at him like the ti
ter on his prey. The quick eye and arm of
Gaston were too rapid for him, and in aa in
stant he lay dead from a blow of the young man's
the strength of the brave little band be
gan at length to fail. Their numbers had dimin-1
ished more than half. Before the enemy had,
however, entered, it had been proposed sad ac
ceded to, as the only chance, that the females
should attempt an escape from the back door,
next the river, while the men should cover their
fetraat, at well aa their diminished numbers
sroold admit. Accordingly aa attempt was made.
dians being collected at the front door, to ever-
come the stubborn resistaitce of the whites.
The little phalanx stood firm to Its post, until
they saw the women had sufficient start to reach
the woods before they eonld be overtaken; and
then, pressed by such superior numbers, tbey
slowly fed back to tb tame d r, end the few
that survived, mads a, rtuh, and draw -the door
close after diem. They' ttaB new given way,
and nothing but superior speed could possibly
save th?m. It overtaken before reaching (be
woods, Ibey Were Inevitably lost if tbey could
gain them they might escape, The dIay caused
by the dosing of the door was snort, and the
enemy were now scarcely crura yards la the
rear. Fear moved the one party almost to the
speed of lightning thirst for revenge gave ad
ditional strength to the other. The Imlian,
fresher than his chase, gained upon them rapid
ly. At they heard the savages dote upon them,
evry nerve was excited, every muscle strained
to the utmost. For a short distance. Indeed,
they maintained the tame space between them.
but, alas! the strength cT the whites failed, and
too many of them, overtaken, fell beneath the
club of the iivages. . Gastoa, who was equal
in activity to any of hit pursuers, had in
creased the distance between him and the In
dians. He knew ti.it Jut xsife woild make for the
river, and ia all probability would be able to
reach it; and it was his object te get there also,
if poisible, in time to assist her across the rockv
and rapid current, or at least to see that she was
safe beyond pursuit The river was not far, and
as be bguuded down the rough hill sides, he could
distinctly hear the rolling of iu waters, over the
rocky bed. He took the nearest Course to the
landing, and the yells of the Indians, scattered
in every direction through the woods, strained
him to the greatest exertions, "e reached the
rivet his canoe was there bis wile was not
despair overcame his soul. .
' She must b ; taken, and I too will die," be
exclaimed iu bitter agony.
At that moment, a libt and bounding step,
like that of a startled fawn, drew hia attention
to the top of the bank, and his wife, whom he
hat' given up for lost his darling Kate, bound
ed into his embrace. He hurried her into bis
canoe, for the ludiant were but a few yards be
hind. ' It was but the work of a moment, to cut
loose the liue that held hia bark; but before he
could spring into i, three Hout Indians were
cios ukid Dim.
"Shore off, Kate, and trust to fortune to reach
the utht-r shoic," cried UaaUm, distractedly, is
he turned to engage the Indians, w hile bis bride
cjc-jK.d. The devoted girl seemed doubtful
aht-thcr to Mr, or Slav and die with her husband.
Gutoa seeing her hesitation, a-aiu called Iran.
tic.illy to her to escape, before the Indians were
upon them. She now aUi-m:lcd to push off, but
she had remained a lirinule too Nng a brawny
and athielic savage seized the boat and sprang
mto it, within a few feet of the alarmed maiden
She quickly retreated to the other end, and faced
about, despair painted in every lineament of her
face. The Indian involuntarily stopped to gaze
upon the beautiiul being before him. That pause
as fatal to him. Kate's self-pusstssion instan
taneously returned, and as the savage sprang to
wards her she levelled her husband's pistol and
bred. The bullet entered the savage's br.it.
he fell ovtr the side of the boat and disappeared
beneath the bubbling Waters; while instantly
seizing die oar which bad dropped from her hand
ou her first alau-, Kate turned the bow of her
boat iu the direction of the opposite shore, and
began to stem the rapid current.
During the few seconds that had thus elapsed,
the canoe had shot below die place where her
butJoand struggled with the remaining Indians;
and she was now out of bearing of the comba
tants. Standing' eicct iu die boat, her long hair
was banging loosely uu her uncovered neck, her
white dres moving gently to die soft breeze,
and her little baik avoiding the many rocks jut
ting their beads above the rushing waters, it-
gave to the beholder an idea of some fairy skiff,
kept np, and guided by the superior power of its
mistress. Steadily she moved ou, until near the
middle of the river, she heard a splash, followed
by a voice, some distance behind her. At first
she thought it another Indian in pursuit, but
soon the chilling diought was dispelled. ' Her
own name, breathed in accents that had often
thrilled her to the soul, was heardj sounding a
thousand ti LB Cat norc iweetjy thalrSfver oa her
ear. She quickly turned the bead of her boat,
and although she could not propel it against the
stream, she kept it stationary, until Gaston, who
had overcome his pursuers, reached it. His great
exertions in the unequal struggle on the bank,
hit efforts to reach the boat, and the loss of blood
front a deep cut an his arm, bad left him so lit
tle of the powert of life, diat he fainted a few
moments after he bad regained hia wife. Kate
knew the peril of permitting the boat to float
with the current, and with all that courage and
coolness which woman poascsa in timet of dan
ger, she did not stop to weep over him, but
again seising the oar, directed her bark to the
opposite bank. Guided by the careful hand of
love, how could the fragile skiff be lost, even
amid the rushing whirlpools it bad to pat-.
They safely reached tl.e bank, and Gastoa hi
ving returned to consciousness, supported by the
arm of his wife, slowly wended his way to bis
Their anxiety, however, was, for tome time,
almost intolerable to learn the fate of their
fri- nds whom they had left on the other side of
the river. Whether the Indians had triumphed
completely, whether a successful stand bad been
made by any of those they pursued, or whether
all had been alike murdered by the relentless
savage, were unknown to Kate and Gastoa, and
filled their minds with aaeasy fear. While,
however, they were thus ia doubt at to the fate
of their friends, a hurried footstep was heard
approaching, and Mr. Lee, the next moment,
was la hia daughter't armt. With about half
of hit visitert, he had escaped, and, la a few
days, rallying around them their remaining bor
der neighbors, tbey succeeded, finally, hi dri
ving the hostile aavaget from their vicinity.
If any one will visit the hospitable mansion
of the present proprietor of the estate, which
hat descended from our Kate, they may hear
her story with increased Interest, from the lips
of tome of her fair descendants; and upon ta
king a view of the place, where the crossed
smid such perils, they will not be surprised to
learn that the comtaananca shonld have given
to it the name of the " Maioct't Aovrrroaz "
The lifht ants Mai k
TS araValaaHa( a(t
Uke air 1 r-trrtiaf ts lu I
Fraai wart lifot.
My lava r-tr.ru aat its -Mat,
Aa! vaiar tab t arbiof brass
Tabaat ran.
Xaatarafprsaiin ia tk sky
Haseas Htasiriaf airs
Of kt er battar asstiar
Glaaau ty-aa ifVr
My Im anal kaaa wiikia hi am;
Tbs alrht is Sara, tmi It wan bast
Tka ansa afbltk la ela-aw bat tat
Ka bepa-am basan .lira i
Tail barr ansr atady te farjtt,
Laara aat to ka
My lava araar karp triikia In aast;
Too tat las to a alnra'l Jaat,
let It taat.
Ttw atfkt ante atv anal kss t
Tke malm aifttt;
My lil baaeabrdi kas little nam
Fer BIT krra'i aMii
My km wil lie wilMa lu aaat
Of aalitada; bat it am ban
Ta ilia at art.
Rtrtm-ra r Dtrr. Of what a frightful prog
eny of ilia and woes, is debt the parent Some
one most forcibly remarks, that If the yonng
could but know-the fatal misery they are entail
ing upon themselves the very moment they ac
cept a pecuniary credit, to which they are not
entitled by their actmlly existing necessidc,
how would they start back an 1 ptuso in the'r
career! How pale would they tnm. How
would they tremble and clasp their hands in
agony at the frightful abyss which yawns before
them? .
Debt has been wel) sild to b the m-ither of
mny ana oi en me. ' jt taints the very fountain
of all our joys and embitters life to Its very
source. Hence we see sa many unhappy fami
lies, so many venal presses, so many marketable
politicians. Debt may be a very small matter
in the beginning, bnt it has a giant's growth
and acquires a giant's strength. When we cre
ate the monster we moke onr master, who
hvnntsu at all hours, and h ikes his braided
whip constantly in cur sight Keep out of Deb
Buy nothing because it is cheap, on a credit-pay-day
will come, and come perhaps at a time
when yon are illy prepared for it Keep these
shackles off yiur limbs this burden from your
shoulders. No slave has a task dKstcr so se
vere as the diing called oest.
How to PaosrES in Business. In the firs:
place make up your mind to accomplish what
ever you undertake ; decide upon some par
ticular employment and persevere in it All
difficulties are overcome by diligence and as-
Be not afraid to work with your own hands,
and diligently, too. "A cat in gloves catches
no mice."
Attend to your own business, and never trust
it to another. "A pot that belongs to many is
ill stirred and worse boiled."
Be frugal. -"That which will not make a pot
will make a pot lid."
Be absteminous. "Who dainties lore shall
begpars prove.
Rise early. "The sleeping fox catches no
Treat every one with respect and rivilty.
"Everything it gained and nothing lost by
courtesy." Good manners insure success.
Never anticipate wealth from any other source
than labor. "He who waits for dead men's
shoes may have to go for a long time bare
"Heaven help those who help themselves."
If you implicitv follow these precepts, aothwig
will hinder yna from accumulating.
A Fastx. tv Cb asi.es Lamb. My dear ehil-
dren," said an old rat to hia young ones, the
infirmities of age are pressing so heavily upon
me, that I have determined to dedicate the short
remainder of my days to mortification and pe
nance, in a narrow and lonely hole which I have
lately discovered; bat let me not hiterfere with
your enfivmenta. Youth it the season for plea-
be happy, therefore, and only obey my
last injunction, never come near me in my re
treat God b-ess yon all." Deeply aiTect-d,
snivelling audibly, and wiping his paternal eyes
ith his tail, the old rat withdrew, and was seen
no mora for several days, when his youngest
danpbter, moved rather witn filial affection than
by the curiosity which has been attributed Co the
sex, stole to his cell of arartification, which turn
ed out to be a holr, rnwle by his owa teeth, ia
an euotatoui Cheshire cheese! .
HESstat Flao. There it now in Alextndria,
V, the first ig taken darinr the Revolntien
bv Gen. Washington from the Hessians at Trer-
It ia composed of silk, beautifully em
broidered in needlework the crown appears
prominent, and the date 175 on the froat
Also, the identical flag surrendered at York
towa. It was the flag of the seventh regiment,
aad now bears thit inscription : "The eorrea
der of Lord Cornwailis, being the . crowning
glory of the conplete success of the American
arms." The flg is of rich siik, well perforated
with bullet holes. General Washington's body
guard flag it also there silk, with the motto,
"Conquer or die."
Lavs Lrrrta. " Dear Johns Too say your
love will surmount all obstacles. Meetaoe, th-n,
adored one, oa Christmas Day, oa the sam-nit
of Moot Blsac Cyjrrpra "
. Printers, It ta said, die at aa early age, Thit
la doubtless caused by the noxious effluvia rising
from the trpes, the want of exercise, conrtaat
employment, and the late hours to which their
work Is prolonged. There Is no other data of
human beings whose privileges are to few, whose
labor it to continue, whose wages are to load
equate, as printers. If a typo " be a man of
family, he is debarred of the privilege of enjoy'
ing their society tt all times, because his hours
of labor are tlmott rYidlrss, and hit moments of
leisure to few that they must be spent to recruit
his exhausted energies, and prepare him for the
renewal of his toils. Poor fellow! he knows
nothing of sodabilirr', tnd is shut out from the
World as convict ta a prison cell. Truly he Is
in the world, yet knows not of it Toil, toil, toil,
by Might snd by day, it hit fate, until premature
old age ends hit existence. For the advancement
of science, morality, and virtue, the chorda of
his heart are sundered one by ene, and when his
race la run, and time to him is no mm, he goes
down to the grave unearcd for and unknown,
though hit existence hat been sacrificed for the
benefit of hit race.
When we hear mechanics crying out against
oppression, and demanding certain hoars for la
bor and for rest, we cannot bnt reflect upen this
situation of our own craft; how every moment
of their lives it forced into service to earn a bar
subsistence, how uncoaplaiuingly they devote
themselves to the good of that same public, who
wear them at a loose garment, to be donned
when convenient, and doffed when so longer
Printers are universally poor ni6n and for two
reasons. The first is they rarely ever receive
a fair compensation for their services. And the
second it that enured to continual suffering,
privation and toil, their purse strings are ever
untied to the bidding of charity, tnd the hard
earned ' dimes " are freely distributed for the
relief of their fellow men. Thus it is that they
live poor and die poor, and if a suitable reward
doea not) await them after death, sad. indeed,
most be the beginning, the existence and the
end of poor " typot." ruuburjh Exptm.
SacEEDxrss or Teaes. Dr. Johnson observes,
There is t saeradness In tears." Tbey ire not
mark of weakness, but of power- speak more
eloquently than ten thousand tongues. Tbey
are the messengers of overwhelming grief, of
deep contrition, of luupeaKaoU Jove. If there
were wanting any argument to prove that man
is not mortal, I would look for it in the strong
emotions of the breast, when the soul hat been
deeply agitated, when the fountains of feeling
are rising, and when the tears are gushing forth
in cry st -J streams. Ob, speak no: harshly to
the strict en one, weeping in silence! Break not
the deep, solemnity by rude laughter or intrusive
footsteps ! Despise not woman's 'ears they are
what make her an ant-el. Scoff not if the stern
heart of manhood is sometimes melted to tears
tbey are ":at help to elevate him above the
brute. I love to see the tears of affection. They
are painted tokens, but still most holy. There
is a pleasure In tears an aw.'ul pleasure. If
there were none on earth to shed a tear for me,
I should be loth to live; and if no one might
weep over my grave, I never could die in peace.
AtJjiT Hrrrr'a Annex. Oh, girls ! set your
affections on cats, poodles, parrots or lap-dogs
but let matrimony alone. It's the hardest
way on earth of getting a living yon never
know when your work is done up. Think of
carrying eight or nine children through the
measles, chicken pox, thra h, mum pa and tc urlet
fever, some of Vm twice over ; it makes my
sides ache to think of it Oh, you may scrimp
and save, and twist and turn, and delve, and
economize, and die, and your husband will marry
again, tike what you have saved and d-ess his
second wife w:th, and she'll take your portrait
for a fire board, and but what's the use of
talking T I warrant every one of you'll try it
the first chance you get, there's a sort of be
witchment about it, somehow.
No lady who has the least respect for he.'
husband, will encourage In herself a habit of
expenditure disproportionate to her mean. She
will not experience at first the evila of such s
course ; but we never knew a mechanic or trader
harassed by amall debts, who did not eventually
CnJ bis factory or place of business unpleasant,
thus plunging deeper into difficulty. With bis
loss of ambition cornea a natural deaeeat in the
scale of comfortable life ; and she who contrary
to her own impression of right, took the luxury
which she felt her husband could not afford, may
be responsible for all the consequent evils which
befall them. Small incidents afford occasions
of profitable remark, and we have embraced
this as not overstepping the bounds of proprie
ty. Srwari Mercmrg.
Annex to Bor. Yon are made to be kind
aad generous. If there it a boy at school who
has a club foot, don't let him know you ever
saw it If there It a boy with ragged clothes,
don't talk about raga in hia hearing. If there
is a lame boy, assign to him some part of the
game which does not require running. If there
ia a hungry ooe, give hia part of your dinner.
If there is a dull one, help him to get his les
sons. All the school will show by their eoun
ttmaaces bow much better it is to hart a great
aoul than a great fist
BiAtmnn. CosrAais-j-i. In an imaginary
conversation between Petrach and Bocaecio,
from the pea of Walter Savage Lendor, there
is the following paasage : "The damps of sa
tama sink into the leaves, snd prepare them for
the necessity of the fall; and thus insensibly
are we as years close around as, detached from
our tenacity to Ufa by the genial pressure of
recorded aorrows."
A Mai Wuo Cool Htxr Husselt-A wri
ter ia the Christian Witness says of the late
Bishop Gruwold, that not one maa ia a thoa
tand ever gave to little trouble to hit friends.
What he could do for himself be allowed none
to d i for him. He was a hewer of wood and
diawerbf water, made hit own fires, pnli-rbed
his enm boots, carried his valise, aad did bis owa
Tie Wonden of tbs Siersmpt.
The recent astonishing discoveries of Ehren
berg, a Prussian naturalist, have green a ncv
aspect to this depailcstnt of animated ttatara,
even ia a gee graphical point of view. He baa'
described seven hundred and twenty-two living
species which swarm almost everywhere, evta
in the midst of living tad healthy aaimola ia
countless numbers. Formerly they were thought
to be the most simple of all animals ta their or
ganlzation; to be In fact little mora than parti,
clet of matter endowed with vitality; but he
hat discovered n theut mouths, teeth, stomachs,
muscles, nerves, glands, eyas, and organt of re
production Some of the smallest animalcule
are not more than the twenty-four thousandth of
an inch ia diameter, and the thickness of the
skin of their stomachs not mo:s than the fifty
millionth part of an inch. Id thtlr mode of re
production they are viraparous, Oviparious, and
gemmiparout. All fndividual of the Hydatioa
srnta increase ia ten days ta one million; oa the
eleventh day to four millions, and oa the twelfth
day to sixteen millions, la another ease. Eh
renberg tays that one Individual It capable of
becoming ia four days one hundred and seventy
billions Leuwenhoeck calculated that one bil
lion animalcula) such at occur ia com mow water.
would not altogether make a mass to Urge at a
grain of tand. Ehrenberg estimates that five
hundred millions of them do actually sometimes
exist In a tingle drop of water. In the Alpt
there la sometimes found a mow a red eolor; aad
It bat been receady ascertained by Mr. Shuttle
worth that (he coloring matter is composed
chiefly of infusoria, with some plants of the tribe
of Algea. And what Is most singular la, that
when the mow had been melted for a short time.
so as to become a little warmer than the freezing
point, the animals die, tecs a at tktj tmtt ra
rfarrtssmacairaf.' A specimen of sufesrie sa-
ptr which fell from the sky la Courtland in lSeC,
has been examined by Ehrenberg, and found to
consist of csnerse tnd aaseria. . Of the lit
ter he found twenty-nine species. Surprising al
these facts are, it will perhaps teem still mora
incredible that the skeletons of these animals
should be found in a fossil state, and actually
constitute nearly the whole mast of toil and
rocks, aavaa! feat im ti-ickaeaa, ad extruding
a-rtf areas of many acres. Yet this, too, has
been ascertained by the tame acuta PruasUa
- Ho to Se"?ct Flour.
1. Look at iu color; if it It white, with a
slight yellowish or straw-colored tint, buy it If
it ia very white, with a bluish cut, or with black
specks in it, refuse it
3. Examine its tdhesireness; wet and knead .
i little of it bet;eea your fingers; if it works
soft and sticky, it is poor. Flour made frem
spring wheat it likely to' be sticky. -
3. Throw a little lump of dry flour against a
dry, smooth, perpendicular surface; If it adheres
in a lump, the flour bat life ia it; it It falls like
powder, it is bad. '
. squeeze some or the Hour ia your hand; if
it retains the shape given by the pressure, that.
too, is t good sign. Flour that will stand all
these tests it is safe to buv.
These modes are given by old flour dealers,
snd we make no apology fbr printing them, aa
they pertain to a matter that concerns everv
body, namely, the quality of the " staff of life.
The Gsiat A-TEaus Wrxt i Pasjs. Thit
extraordinary well it bored In the centre of the
Court of Abbatior, goes 1,700 feet ia the bow.
els of the earth, and the column of water, nine
inches in diameter, rises in a copper tube US
feet above the surface. From thit elevation It
descends by means of another tube to the ground,
and is conducted to the reservoir at the Panthe
on, whence it it .distributed for the as of the
inhabitants. The temperature or the water fat
constantly 80 Fahrenheit It holds several
salts in solution, tmong the rest Iron -which col
ors glass submitted to its action and it highly
charged with- carbonic add gas. Thit it the
deepest well yet bored, tnd the facto connected .
with it serve to explode the eld doctrine thaaUt
such wells were nitre exsmples of a jet of wet
having Its head on tome axmnUin or high tablw
tand passing under ground and springing through
the outlet up to the height -of Its bead.' The
supply of water from thit well, It, 3,400,000 gsj.
Ions in 34 hours.
To Get Rio or Hoosa Asm. The best way
to get rid of ants is to act a quantity of cracked
walnuts, or shell-barks, oa plates, aad put them
ia a closet where the into congregate. Tbey tat
very fond of these, tad will collect ia them in
myriads. When tbey have collected to Ttitm.
make a general srta-sUr, by turning avta- aad
ants together into the fire, and then rentes-the
plates with fresh nut. After they have neeeese
so thinned off at to cease collecting oa pre tot,
powder torn gum camphor aad pat it in-the
holes and crevices, whereupon the reatsJader
win speedily vamose. It may help the prsoeae
of getting them to assemble oa the shall -barks,
to remove ill edibles out of their way for a
Now that fly-tima it coming, we may be do
ing a favor (or spoiling somebody's wall) by to
serting the following: A traveller remarks that
the butcher shops it Genera are all open, and
although immense numbers of Sirs may be teea
on the outside wa'1 not one eomet to. Thit ia
caused by the inn r walls being rubbed over with
laurel oil, which is aa effective preventive
against the intrusion of these troublesome in
sects. The Courier da Havre, ia alludiag to thit'
fact, states that DO fly will enter a room in waioh
a wreath of walnat leaves hat beea bung apv
To Cleah Silx. Pare and slice thfa three
washed Irish potatoes. Pour oa them a half pint
of boiling water, tad add aa equal qaarntfty af
pure alcohol ' 8ponge the silk ao the ngbt side,
and wfaeu half dry, boa act the wroag sids
The light colored silk assy be deaaswd aad
brightened by this paoccan atta tlh, velvet or
crape. -a

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