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!c Kansas f)uf.
OL. KILLER, ---- EDITOR. WHITS CLOUD, XAffSAS: ntniy, ; : : Decenter 3, 1857. AGENTS. J. K. DvDoctiDGX, (Successor to W.S. Swvtn tacr.1 North-West Corner of Olive and Main keeto, SL Lotus, it our Agent in that City, for SBbciUBg Sebecriptions ud Adrertieemcnu, ana Samking collection for the Chief. J. J. Rvlst, Eq., Post Muter, Oregon, Mo. J. T. Miixaa, Wert Alexandria, Preble Co., O. A Good Tike. Decidedly the best, most pleasant and agreeable time, for fan, sociability, and enjoyment, that has aver been witnessed in White Clond, was ' oa Monday evening last, in Mr. Huff man's new building, which, in honor of a favorite Hotel m Pennsylvania, he had termed, for the occasion, the "Pryor House." The exercises consisted of dan cing, talking, laughing, eating and drink ing. It might hare been termed a Fancy Ball, for persons were there, representing 11 sorts of characters. Among the crowd, we noticed one dressed as a Jus tice of the Peace, in his Sunday-go-to-nesting clothes ; one as a carpenter and joiner; another as his partner; several m$ "printers ; one as a hotel keeper; one m$ a bricklayer and plasterer; several as merchants' clerks; a number as young men holding pre-emption claims; and many others. Among the ladies, we soticed some dressed as married women; aome as single young ladies; one as a lasa some fourteen or fifteen years old ; and one as a little girl some seven or eight years of age. Tae cake was fur bished by Mrs. Pierce, and the other re freshments, consisting of candies, peaches, cherries, figs, raisins, champagne, claret, blackberry brandy, etc., by Holbrook & Wakefield. The party broke up about midnight, and all went home satisfied. The Committeo of Arrangements re quest ns to tender their thanks to those present, for their attendance, and their good behavior throughout. Tac CossTiTcnoir. We this week publish the Constitution framed by the late Constitutional Convention, to the xclusion of almost everything else. It 1 to be voted on, (so termed,) on Monday, the 21st inst. We will next week pub lish the famous Topeka Constitution, so that our readers may have both sides of the question. It is quite probable that an effort will be made to have Kansas admitted under tRe latter, but we fear without snccess. The Constitution re cently raraed, does not meet the spprov al of a large portion of the Kansas De- ....... - mocracy, wo are liberal in tneir uenun ciations of it. The Lecompton National Democrat, the organ of Gov. Walker, and the most moderate Democratic paper in the Territory,' handles it very roughly. Wa shall publish some extracts from its columns hereafter. From the course of this paper, it may be inferred that Gov. Walker is not satisfied with the docu ment , The opposition of a large portion of tba Democracy to it, leads to a slight, hope that Congress may reject it bnt the hope is very slight indeed. ,Tna Kind or Material that Made m- CossTiTOTios. One Jenkins, of Marshall County,' a member of the late Constitutional Convention, died of delir ium trment, at Lecompton, on Wednes day, November 18th, not having been able to get home, elver the adjournment. It was such stock that formed the Con stitution, and decided that the people of Kansas shall be governed by it, whether they are willing or not If the members of ti "Convention are determined to shuffle off with "snakes in their boots," it is a pity they did not go before the day of meeting arrived. They could then have met tlttvhtre, and gotten up a Constitution more'acceptable to the in habitants, of the region in" which they were sojourning 1 But it seems a little "lard, that the only man in the Conven tion who trnly represented the political views of a majority of tlio people of his County, should be the ''first to die! y- Awototr New PAres. We have re ceived 'a Prospectus of a paper, the first yiumber of which is to be issued on Sat nrday, the j)to inst. 'at Palmetto, ( re cently Marysville,) .Marshall - County, .Kansas, to bacajled the ''Palmetto Kan- tan," Marysville is an important point on the' great California Road, and the paper will be able, to give the earliest information from the frontiers. It is to "strictly conservative and Constita tional, independent in all things, neutral in nothing." We wish it success.' Price, 82 a year, in1 advance. Address J. E. Clardy, Palmetto, Marysrillo P. Q-. K.T. - ' U"" We happen to know that Dr. Avar's Cherry federal and Cathartic Pill are good medicines, and shall pro .claim it because we know it. We con - fidently believe there ia a vast amount of relief from suffering fr onr afflicted fellow meiTwrapped np-ia these skilful prepara tions,' and "we shall freely use our little ..influence to make them known to those Twho need them. PhO. Sunday Timet. J3T Mr.: Parrott, Delegate elect to ' Congress, has gone W .Washington. It is aaid that the Imte Mr, Hansom has gone -ejack to Michigan, to "hang up bis" fiddle ' smd-his bow." and m n' days. jtyTnesday was an exceedingly warm and pleasant day, during which the river roae some three or four feet, and was , running with ice. There must have been thaw-up somewhere above. Haed Buw. Rev. Mr. Downey, ia bis sermon, last 8anJsy evening, made it hia business to particularly . name tie Chief office as an enemy to Christianity, and rared about it most tremendously, because some tale-bearer bad informed him that, ia a pinch, work had been done here, on the Sabbath day. We hope he feels better bow we do not feel much worse. We also blew our nose last Sunday. If the "whiled sepulchre" who took the trouble to inform the priest of tho work done in our office, on Sunday, had been cognizant of this other fact, perhaps com inanity would have been favored with a learned dissertation noon the extreme wickedness of blowing noses on the Sab- bath day! Perhaps while Mr. Downey was med dling into his neighbors" private business, he forgot that he makes his living by Sunday work yet no one has placed him upon a footing with the Devil, for so doing. We will also hint to him, that he is an ardent admirer and a regular reader of a paper published at an office whence a Daily is issued every Monday morning, all the work on which U done on Sunday. He has interested himself in getting subscribers for that paper, to issue which, every Sabbath day is desecrated And he ban not hesitated to marry people, 'and receive pay therefor, on the Ssbbalh. j The Courts have decided that marriage J is a regular legal business transaction, i Having, in so public a manner, particu- larized ns as an enemy to religion, and all that sort of thing, no doubt with the approval of the members of his Church, we would ask of them whether they are willing that we should employ our paper, the medium through which we address the public, to particnlariz each and every one of them, entering into their private and business affairs, and hold up to the world transactions, beside some of which, working on the Sabbath is a mere trifle ? Of course, they will allow ns the same privilege that they take. If not, we would respectfully recommend to Mr. Downey, that he mind his own business. Preachers are considered privileged char acters, and many of them think they are doing a wonderful thing, when they take advantage of their position, and bullyrag their neighbors, before an audience. There is not a printing office in the country, in which work on Sunday is not often almost absolutely necessary; and since we have been publishing in Kansas, there has been less work of this kind done in onr office, than in any other we ever knew. We have never said nor hinted a word against religion or morali- ty on the contrary, we have favored . -.1 - T't- 1!, all measures to put 'down vice. Y hat little Sunday work has been dono in out office, has not disturbeiOy one n tne sl'gnt est degree, and would not have been wit nessed by those who took the pains to gabble it to the preacher, had they not wanted to see it As it is, we would advise Mr. Downey to use his sharp stick upon some of those under his own churge. If he neglects them, to meddle into our affairs, we shall nndertake the business for him. ne has thrown ont a challenge to us, and other agents of the Devil, as Le stigmatizes ns declaring himself willing to fight ns, and calling upon the community to aid. him in putting us down. If that is what he is at, we r.re willing to submit onr claims to the com munity with him, and to let it decide whether it wants ns put down or not. We are even willing to submit it to a vole of the community, whether they would prefer to dispense with onr services or his. But we will not be so nncharita ble as he has been. We are in favor of churches and preaihers in a community, and will not attempt to excite the public against them, and beg its aid to put them down, because they do some things of which we disapprove. ' "XarThe proceedings of the Free State Meeting at Iowa Point, arc unavoidably deferred until our next week's issue. They were received in time, had there been room for them ; but the Constitu tion occupies most of our room. CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF KANSAS. ORDINANCE. WTktTeat: The Government of the United States is the proprietor, or will become so, of all or most of the lands lying within the limits of Kansas, as determined under this Constitution; and whereas the State of Kansas will possess the undoubted right to tax such lands for the sup port f her State Government , or for other proper and legtimate purposes connected wita ner ex istence as a State: Now, therefore, be it ordain ed by this Convention, on behalf of and by the authority of the people of Kansas, that tbe right aforesaid to tax such lands shall be and is litre bv forever relinquished, if the conditions Callow ing shall be accepted and agreed to by the Con gress of the United Sutes: Sxc. 1. That sections numbered eight, six teen, twenty-four and thirty-six, in either tow ship in the State, or in ease either of said nunv bered sections are or shall be otherwise disposed of, that ether lands equal thereto" ia value, and as contiguous as may be, shall be granted to the State, to be applied exclusively to the support of Common Schools. Sac 3. That all salt springs, and gold, silver, copper, lead or other valuable mines, together with the lands necessary for their full occupation and use, shall be granted to said State for the wse and benefit of said State, and the same shall be used or disposed of tinder such terms and conditions and regulations ss the Legislature of said State shall direct. j Sec 3. That five per centum of the proceeds, of the sales of all public lands sold, or held in trust, or otherwise, lying wilb the said State, whether mid before or after tbe admission of the SUU into the Union, after deducting all expen ses incidental to the tame, shall be peM to tho aid State. Sxc 4. That seventy-two sections, or two en tire townships, shall be designated by the Pres ident of the UuiUd Slates, which shall be re served for the use of a seminary of leading, and appropriated by the Legislature fjsaid Bute solely to the nss of said seminary. Era. J. That each alternate sectien of land owned or which may herafter be acquired by the United States, for twelre miles on each aids ofa line of rail road to be establised or located from some point on the Northern boundary of the Bute, leading Southerly through said btate in the direction of the Gulf of Mexico, and on each side of a line of rail road to be located and established from some point on the Missouri rirer westwardly through said State in the di rection of the Pacific Ocean, shall be reserved and conveved to said State of Kansas for the purpose of aiding in the construction or said raiU a a a : .t..ll h Aatv of the Conrrer r .i. TT;.t .ct.fM. m eoninnction with the proper authorities of this State, to adopt imme- diate measures for carrying the several provis ions herein contained into full effect. PREAMBLE. We the people of the Territory of Kansas, by our representatives in Convention assembled at Lecompton in said Territory, on Monday , the 4th day of September, 1837,and of the independence of the United States tbe eighty-second year, having the right of admission into the Union as one of the United States of America, consistent with the Federal Constitution; and by virtue of the treaty of cession by France to the fc'nited States of the province of Louisana, made and entered into on the thirtieth day of April, 1803; and by virtue of and in accordance with the act of Congress passed March the 30th, 1354, en titled "An Act to organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas." In order to secure to ourselves and our posterity the enjoyment of all the rights of life, liberty, and prosperity, and free pursuit of happiness, do mutually agree with each other to form ourselves into a free, inde pendent, and sovereign State, by the name and style of the State of Kansas, and do ordain and establish the following constitution for the gov ernment thereof. ARTICLE I. Bocsdasjes. We do declare and establish, ratify and con firm the following as the permanent boundaries of the said State of Kansas, that is to say: Be ginning at a point on the western boundary of the State of Missouri, where the thirty-seventh parallel of north latitude crosses the same; thence rest on said parallel to the eastern boun dary of New Mexico; thence north of said boun dary westward to the cast beuudary of the Ter ritory of Utah, on the summit af the Rocky Mountains; thence northward on said summit to the fortieth parallel of latitude; thence east on said p.irallcj to tie western boundary of the State of Missouri; thence south with the western boundary of said State to the place of beginning. ARTICLEUy Coutv BotWDAaits. No county, now established, which borders upon the Missouri Rirer, or upon cither bank of the Kansas River, shall ever be reduced bv the formation of new counties to less than twenty miles square; nor shall any other county now organized, or -hcrtafter tc be organized, be re duced to less than fire hundred square miles. ARTICLE JII Distribbtioi: or Powca. The powers of the Government of the State of Kansas shall be divided into three separate departments the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judicial; and no person charged with the exercise of powers properly belonging to one of these departments, shall exercise any functions appertaining to .either of the. others, except in the cases hereinafter expressly directed or per mitted. ARTICLE IV. Exretmrx DxriXTT. Srenox 1st. The chief Executive power of this State shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for two years from the time of his installation. Sre.S. The Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State. The returns of every election for Govenor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of Government, di rected to the Secretary of State, who shall deliv er them to the Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives at the next ensuing session of the Legislature, during the first week of which ses sion the Speaker shall open and publish them in the presence of both Houses of the Legislature. The person having the highest number of votes shall be Governor, but if two or more shall be equal and highest in votes, then one of them shall be chosen Governor by the joint ballot of both Houses of the Legislaturer. Contested elections for Governor shall be determined by both Hous es of the Legislature in such manner as may tVe prescribed by law. Sec. X. The Governor shall be at least thirty rears of age, shall have been a citizen of the United Sutes for twenty years, shall have -resided in this State at least five years next pre ceding the day of his election, or from the time of the formation of this Constitution; and shall not be capable of holding the office more than four years in any term of six years. Sec. 4. He shall at stated times receive for his services a compensation which shall be fixed by law, and shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which he shall be elected. Sec 5. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this State, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United Sutes. Sec. S. He may require information in writing from officers in the Executive Department, oa any subject relating to the duties of their respec tive offices. Sec 7. He may in case of emerrency, con vene the Legislature, at the seat of Government or at a different place, if that shall have become, since their last adjournment, dangerous from an enemy or disease; and ia caso of disagree ment between the two Houses, with respect to the time of adjournment, adjourn to snch time as he may think proper, not beyond tbe next stated meeting of the Legislature. Sec 8. He shall from time to time give to the Legislature information of the state of the Government, and recommend to their con sideration such measures as he may deem neces sary and expedient. Sec. 9. He shall tale care that tbe laws be faithfully executed. Sec 10. In all criminal and penal eases, except in those of treason and Impeachment, he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, and remit fines; and in cases of forfeitures, to stay the collection until sO end ol the next session of tbe Legislature, and to remit forfeitures, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. In ease of treason, he shall have power' to grant reprieves, by and with the advice and consent or the senate, but may respite the sentence outil the end of the next session of the Legislature. Sac II. AH commissions shall be In the name and by the authority of the SUte of Kan sas; be sealed with the great seal, and signed by the Governor, sad be attested by the Secretary ofSute. ' Sac. 12. There shall be a seal of this State which shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him officially; and the present of Territory shall be the seal of the State, until otherwise directed by the Legislature. Sac 13. All vacancies not provided for ia this Constitution, shall be filled In such manner as the Legislature may prescribe. Sac. 14. The Secretary of State shall be elect ed by the qualified electors of the State, and shall continue la office during the term of two years, and until his successor is qualified. He shall keep a fair register of all the official acta and proceedings of the Government, and shall when required, lay the same, and all papers, minutes and vouchers relative thereto, before the Leg islature, and shall perform tuch other , duties as may be required by law. Sac. 15. Every bill which shall have passed both Houses of the Legislature, shall be present ed to the Governor; if he approves he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return It, with his objec tions, to the House in which it shall hareong .. LSnWSssmnna 11 1 TV ! t ! mt IdnertVl - -yrnicu snaii emer me oujrv Jir journals, and proceed to reconsider after such reconsiderations two-thirds of the House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other House, hr which it shall likewise be reconsidered; if approved by two-thirds of that Hgusftsliall be come a law. But in such caaVthe votes of each IIous shall be determined by yeas and nays, snd the names of the members voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the jour nals of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returaod by the Governor within six days Sunday excepted after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall become a law in like manner as if he had signed it. unless the Legislature by theiradjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not become a law. Sec U. Every order, resolution, oi vote to which the concurrence of both Houses may be necessary, except resolutions Tor the purpose of obtaining the joint action of both Houses, and on questions of adjournment, shall be presented to the Governor, and before it shall Uke effect be approved by him, or being disapproved shall be repassed by both Houses according to the rules and limitations prescribed in case ofa bill. Sec 17. A Lieutenant Governorshall be elec ted at the same time, and for the same term as the Governor; and his qualifications and the manner of his electioa shall be the same in all respects. Sec. 18. In esse of the removal of the Gover nor from office, or of his death, failure to quali fy, resignation, removal from the State, or ina bility to discharge the powers and duties of the office, the said office with its compensation shall devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor; and the Legislature shall provide by law for the dis charge of the Executive functions in other nec essary cases. : Sec. 19. The Lieutenant Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote except in the case of a tie when he may give the casting vote, and while acting as such, shall re ceive a compensation equal to that allowed to tl e Speaker of the House of Representatives. Sec. SO. A sheriff" and one or more coroners, a treasurer, and surveyor, shall be elected in each county by the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold their office for two years unless sooner removed; except that the coroner shall hold his office until his successor be duly qualified. Sec. SI. A SUte treasurer, and Auditor of public accounts shall be elected by the qualified electors of the SUte, who shall hold their offices for the termof two years unless sooner removed. ARTICLE V Legislative Drr aeth ext. Section 1st.' Tho Legislative authority of this SUte shall be vested in a Legislature, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Repre sentatives. Sec. 2. No person holding office under the authority of the United States, except Postmast ers, or any lucrative office under the authority of this State", shall be eligible to, or have a scat in the Legislature; but this provision shall not extend to township officers, justices of the peace, notaries public or militia officers. Sec. 3. No person who has been or may here after be convicted of a penitentiary offence, or of an embezzlement of the public funds, shall hold any office in this State, aor shall any person holding public money for disbursement, or oth erwise, have a seat in the Legislature, until he shall have accounted for and paid such money in to the treasury. Stc. 4. Tbe members of the House of Repre senUtives shall be elected by the qualified elec tors, and shall serre-for the .term of two years from the close of the general election and no 'on ger. Sec. 5. The Senator shall be chosen for the term of four years, at the same time, in the same manner, and at the same places as arc herein provided for members of the House of Repre senUtives. Sec 6. At the first session of the Legislature, tbe Senators shall by lot divide their Senators into two classes, and the seats of the Senators ef the first class shall be vacated at the expiration ohe second year, and of the second class the expiration of the fourth year so, that one half as near as may be, may be chosen thereafter, every two years for the term of four years. Sec. 7 The number of Senators shall not be less that thirteen nor more than thirty-three, and at any time when the number of Senators is increased they shall be annexed by lot to one of the two classes so as to keep them as nearly equal in members as possible. Sec 8. The number of members of the House of RepresenUtivea shall not be less than thirty nine nor more than one hundred. Sec 9. The style of the laws of this State shall be: "Be it enacted by the Legislature of the Sute of Kansas." ' Sec. 10. Each house may determine the rules of its own proceedings, 'punish its members for disorderly behavior, 'and- with the consent of two-thirds, expel a member, bat not a' second time for the same offence; the 'names of the members voting on the question, shall be spread upon the journal. Sec II, Each House, during the session, may in its discretion punish by fine, imprisonment, or both, any person not a member, for disrespectful or disorderly behaivor in its presence, or for ob structing any of iu proceedings, provided such fine shall not exceed two hundred dollars, or such tfnsonment shall not extend beyond the end ofa.. session. Sec 12. Each House of the Legislature shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and cause the same to be published as soon after their adjourn ment as may be provided by law. Sec 13. Neither House during the session of the Legislature shall without the consent of the other adjourn for more than three days, (Sun days excepted) nor to any ether place than that in which they may besetting, i Sec 14. The Senate, when assembled, shall choose iu officers, and the Hense of Sepresen Utives i shall choose a speaker and iu other offi cers, and each branch of the Legislature shall be the judge of the qualifications, elections and returns of iss members. - - ' . - Sec. 15. A majority of each House of tbe Legislature shall constitute a qoorum to do bus iness, bat a smaller number 'may adjourn from day to day, and compel tbe attendance of absent members in such manner as each House may prescribe. Sec 16. Each member of the Legislature shall receive from the public treasury such compensa tion for his services as may be fixed by law; but no increase of compensation shall Uke effect during the term for which the members were elected, when such law passed. Sec. 17. Bills may originate in either House, bet may be altered, amended or rejected by the other, and all bills shall be read by sections on three several days, except on an extraordinary occasion, two thirds of the members may die pense with such reading, but in no case shall a bill be passed without having once been read, and every bill having passed both Houses, shall be signed by the Speaker and President in the presence of their respective Houses. Sec 18. The Legislature shall provide by law for filling all vacancies that may occur in either House by the death, resignation or otherwise of any of iu members. Sec 19. The doors of each House shall be open except on such occasions as in the opinion of the House the public safety may require se crecy. Sec. 20. Every law enacted by the Legisla ture shall embrace but one subject and that shall be expressed in its titft; and any extraneous matter introduced in a bill that shall pass shall be void; and no law shall be amended by lU title, but in such case the act or section amend ed shall be re-enacted and published at length. Sec 21. Every act and joint resolution shall be plainly worded, avoiding as far as practicable, the use of technical terms. Sec 22. The Legislature shall meet every two years at the seat of Government. Sec 23. The Legislature shall provide for an enumeration of inhabiUnU by law. An appor tionment of Representatives in tbe Legislature shall be provided by law according to population as nearly equal as may be. Sec. 24. The Legislature shall have no power to grant divorces, to change the names of indi viduals, or direct the sales of esUtes belonging to infants or other persons laboring under legal disabilities by special Legislation, but by gen eral laws shall confer such powers on the courts ofjustice. Sec 25. It shall be the duty of all civil offi cers of this State to use due diligence in the se curing and redemption of persons held to service or labor in this Stato, either of the Sutes or Territories of the United States, and the Legis lature shall enact such laws as may be neeessary forjhe honest and faithful carrying out of this provision of the Constitution. Election Disteicts. At the fir4election holden under the Consti tution for members of the State Legislature tho Representative aud Senatorial Districts shall be as follows: The first Representative District shall consist of Doniphan County and shall be entitled to four Representatives. The second shall be Atchison and shall be" entitled to four Representatives; the third shall be Leavenworth and shall be en titled to eight RepresenUtives; the fourth shall be Brown and Nemaha and shall be entitled to one Representative; the fifth shall be Calhoun and PotUwaUmie and be entitled to one Repre sentative; the sixth shall be Jefferson and be en titled to two RepresenUtives; the seventh shall be Marshall aud Washington and entitled to oae Representative; the eighth shall be Riley and entitled to one Representative; the ninth shall be Johnson and entitled to four RepresenUtives; the tenth Lykins and entitled to one Represen tative; the eleventh Linn and entitled to two RepresenUtives; the twelfth Bourlton and en-, titled to two RepresenUtives; the thirteenth McGee, Darn and Allen entitled to one Repre sentative; the fourteenth Douglass and entitled to fire RepresenUtives; tbe fifteenth Anderson and Franklin and entitled to one Representa tive; the sixteenth Shawnee and entitled to two Representatives; the seventeenthWeller and Coffee and entitled to one RepresenUtire; the eighteenth Woodson, Wilson, Godfrey, Green wood, and Madison and entitled to one Repre senUtire; the nineteenth Breckcnridge" and Richardson and entitled to one ReprescnUtive; the twentieth Davis, Wise, Butler, Hunter, and that portion of country west, and shall be enti tled to one RenresenUtive. ToUl number of RepresenUtives, Forty-four. The first Senatorial District shall be Doni phan, one Senator; the second Atchison, one Senator; the third Doniphan and Atchison one Senator; the fourth Leavenworth three Sena tors; the fifth Brown, Nemaha and PoUwaUmie, one Senator; the sixth Riley, Marshall, Dickin son, and Washington one Senator; the seventh Jefferson and Calhoun one Senator; the eighth Johnson two Senators; the ninth Lykins, Ander son and Franklin one Senator; the tenth Linn one Senator; the eleventh Bourbon, and McGee one Senator; the twelfth Douglas two Senators; the thirteenth Shawnee one Senator; the four teenth Dern, Allen, Wilson, Woodson, Godfrey, Grecnwood.'Madison and Coffee one Senator; tbe fifteenth Richardson, Davis, Breckenridge, Butler, Hunter, and all west of Davis, Wise and Butler one Senator; in all ninteen. ARTICLE VL JuDicuav. Sicno 1st. Judicial powers of this Sute shall be vested in one Supreme Court, Circuit courts, Chancery courts, courts of Probate, and Justices of the Peace and such other inferior courts, as the legislature may, from time to time ordain and esUblisb. Sec. 2. The Sbpreme Court, except in eases otherwise directed in this Constitution, shall hare appellate jurisdiction only, which shall be coextensive with the Sute, tinder such restric tions and regulations, not repugnant to this Constitution, as may from time to time be pre scribed by law, provided, that the supreme court shall have power to issue wriu of injunctions, mandamus, quo worranto, heabeas corpus, and such other remedial and original wriU as may" be necessary to give it general superintendence and control of inferior jorisdictssw. Sec. 3. There shall be held annually at the seat of government, two sessions of the supreme court at such times as the legislature may di rect. Sec 4. The supreme court shall jeonsist of one chief justice and two as associate justice. Sec 5. The supreme court may elect a clerk and reporter, who shall respectively receive such compensation as the legislature may pre scribe. Sec. 6- The SUte shall be divided into con venient ci resits, and for each circuit there shall be elected a judge, who shall at the time of hia election, and as long as he eontinaes ia office, reside in the circuit for which he has been elected. Sac 7. The circuit courts shall have original jurisdiction of all matters, civil and criminal, within this 8ute, not ctherwia excepted in this constitution; but ia civil esses only, where the matters in controversy shall exceed the sam ofofcc hundred dollars. -f -v." A ' ' i' - Sxc. 8. A circuit court shall be-bcld in each county or district in the Bute- twice ia every year, at such times and places) as may. be pre scribed by law, and the judges at the several eircwit courts may hold courts for each other when they any deem it ndviaablc, and "hall do so whea directed bv law. Sec. 9. The Legislature may esUblisha court or courts of chancery, with original and appel late equity jurisdiction, and until the establish ment shall be rested in the judges of the cir cuit courts respectively, bat the judges of the, several circuit courts shall have power to issue wriU of injunctions returnable to the court of chancery. : Sec 10. The Legislature shall establish with in each county in the Sute, a ceurt of probate, for the granting of letters tesUmenUry, ef ad ministration and orphans' business, and the gen eral superintendence of tbe esUtes of deceased persons and such other duties as may be pre scribed by law; but in no case shall they have jurisdiction in matters of civil or criminal law. Sec. 11. A complete number of justices of the peace in and for each county shall be elected, in such mode and for such term of office as the legislature may direct; and their jurisdiction in civil matters shall be limited to cases in which the amount does not exceed one hundred dol lars, and in all eases tried by a justice of the peace, the right of appeal, shall be secured un der such rules and regulations as may be pre scribed by law. Sec. 12. The chief justice and associate jus tices of the Supreme court, and judges of the eircuit courts, and courts of chancery shall at stated times, receive for their services, a com- I .! L!.l..l.nk.S.l1..l. n.t aliilt not be diminished during their continuance in office; but they shall receive no fees, nor perqui sites of office, nor hold any other office of profit or trust under this Stats, the United Sutes, or either of the other Sutes, or any other power, during their continuance in offioa. Sec 13. The Chief Justice and associate jus tices of the supreme court, shall be elected by the qualified voters of the whole Sute ; the judges of the Circuit courts, by the qualified voters of their respectirecircuiU, and the judges of the chancery courts, shall be elected by the qualified voters of their respective chancery di visions, at such times and places as may be pre scribed by law. But said elections shall not be on the same day that the election of members of the Legislature is held. Sec. 14. All vacancies in the office of chief justice and associate justices of the supreme court, and judges of the circuit court, court of chancery, snd prolate court, shall be filled by appointment, made by the Governor for the time being, but the Governor shall, immediately up on the receipt of information of vacancy afore said, order an election to fill such vacancy, first giving sixty days aotice of such election. Sec 15. The chief justice and associate Jus tices of the supreme court, shall hold their offices for and during the period of six years from the date of their election, and until their successors shall be qualified, and provision shall be made by law for classifying those elected, so that the chief justice, or one of the said associate justices of the supreme court, shall be elected every two years; the judges of the circuit, chancery, and probate courts shall hold their offices for and daring the term of four years from the date of their election, and until their successors shall be qualified. Sec. 16. Clerks of the cirewt eourtJ, and courts of probate, shill be elected by thequnlli fied electors in each county; and alt vacancies in such o.Hcc shall be filled in such manner as the law may direct. Sec. 17. The chief justice and associate jus tices of the supreme court, by virtue of their of fices, shall be conservators of the peace through out the SUte; the judges of the circuit courts throughout their respective eircuiU, and the judges of the inferior courts throughout their respective counties. Sec. 18. The style of all processes shall be, "The SUte of Kansas," and all prosecutions shall be carried on in the name, and by the au thority of the SUte of Kansas, and shall con clude " against the peace and dignity of the same." Sec. 19. There shall be an Attorney General for the State of Kansas, who shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof, and as many Dis trict attorneys as the Legislature may deem necessary to be elected by the qualified voters of their respective circuits; who shall hold their offices fur the term of four years from the date of their election, and shall receive for their ser vices such compensation as may be established by law, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. Sec. 20. Vacancies occurring in the office of Attorney General, district attornies, clerks of the circuit court, clerk of the court of probate, justices of the peace, and constables shall be fill ed in such manner as shall be provided for by law. Seo 21. The House of RepresenUtives shall have the sole power of impeachment. Sec. 22. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate; when sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be on oath or affirmation, and no person shall be convicted without the con currence of two-thirds of the members present Seo 23. The Governor and all civil officers shal be liable to impeachment for any misde meanor in office, bnt judgement in such cases shall not extend further than 'to removal from office and of disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust, and profit under the Sute ; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be lia able and subject to indictment, trial and punish ment according to law. ARTICLE YII--Slavst. Sec 1. The right of property is before and higher than any Constitutional sanction, and tbe right of the owner of a slave to such slave and iU increase, is the same and as inviolable as tbe right of the owner of any property whatever. . Sec 2. The Legislature shall have no power to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves with out the consent of the owners, or without pay ing the owners previous to their emancipation, a full equivalent in. money for the slaves so emancipated. They shall have no power to pre vent emigranU to the Sute, from bringing with then such persons as are deemed slaves by the laws of any one of the United Sutes or Terri tories, so long as any person of the same age or description shall be continued in slavery by the laws of this SUtei Pmidtd that such person, or slave be the bona fide property of such emi grant, and provided also, that laws may be pass ed to prohibit the introduction into this Sute, of slaves who have committed high crimes in other CaSutes or Territories. They shall have power to pass laws to permit the owners of stares to emancipate them, saving the righto of creditors. rand preventing them from becoming a public charge. They shall have power to oblige the owners of slaves to treat them with humanity, to provide for them the necessary food and cloth ing, to absUin from all injuries to them, extern ding to life or limb, snd ia ease of their neglect or refusal to comply with the direction of soeh laws, to have soeh clave er slaves sold for the benefit of the owner or owners. '' Sec 3. In the pTCcecntio f slaves 4 crimes of a higher grxic than petit-Weeny, the Legis lature shall have bo power to deprive -them of aa impartial trial by a petit jsry. . . . See. 4. Any persoci who shell maliciously dis member, or deprive a slave of life, shall suffer sweh pwaiahment as would be inflicted ia ease the like cAenee had been committed oa a free white person, and on the like proof,' except ia' case of insurrection of such slave. ARTICLE VIIL Eixcnoss Rmbts or Sstouce. Sectiosi I. Every male citizen of the United States, above the age of twenty-one years, hav ing resided in this Sute one year, and is the county, city or town, in which be may offer to vote, three months next preceding say election, shall have the qualifications of an elector, aad be entitled to vote at all elections; and every male citizen of the United States above ttoage aforesaid, who may be a resident of the Sute at the time that this Constitution shall be adopted, shall have the right of voting as aforesaid, but no such citizen or inhabitant shall be entitled to vote except in the county in which he shall ac tually reside at the time of the election. Sec 2 All voting by the people, shall be by ballot Sec. 3. Electors during their attendance at elections, and going to or returning therefrom, shall be privileged from arrest in all cases except treason, felony and breach of tbe peace. Sec. 4. No elector shall be obliged to do mi litia duty on the days of election, except in time of war or public danger. Sec. 5. No elector shall be deemed to hare lost his residence in this Sute by reason of his absence on business of his own, or of the United, Sute4, or of this Sute. Sec 6. No person employed in the military, naval or marine service of the li nited Sutes stationed in this State, shall by reason of his service therein, be deemed a resident of this Sute. Sec. 7. No person shall be elected or appoint ed to any office in this Sute, civil or military, who shall not be possessed of the qualification, hereinbefore prescribed for an elector. Sec. 8. The Legislature shall have the power to exclude from the privilege of voting or being eligible to office, any person convicted of bribe ry, perjury, or other infamous crime. Sec 9. The first general election in this Stato shall be beld on the day and year provided by this Constitution, and all general elections there after, on the day and year as provided by subse quent Legislative enactments. ARTICLE IX Finance. Skctios 1. Tbe rule of Uxatioa shall be uni form, and Uxes shall be levied upon such prop erty as the Legislature shall from time to time prescribe. 4 Sec. 2. The Legislature shall provide for an annual tax sufficient to defray the estimated ex penses of the government for each year, and whenever the expenses of any year, shall exceed the income, the Legislature shall provide for levying a Ux for the ensuing year, sufficient with other sources of income, to psy tbe defi ciency as well as the estimated expenses of such milling year. Sec. 3. For the purpose of defraying extraor dinary expenditures, the Sute may contract pub i lie debts, but such debU shall never, in the ag- gregate, exceed five hundred thousand dollars. ' Kverj such debt shall be authorized by law, for runic )urpuiv ur jmrpurcB, hi uv ui?uucuy speci fied therein, and a rote of a majority of all the member elected to both houses shall be neces sary to the passage of such law, and every such law shall provide for an annual Ux to be levied, sufficient to pay the interest of such debt crea ted, and such appropriation shall not be repealed nor the Uxes postponed until the principal aad interest of such debt shall be wholly paid. Sec 4. The Legislature may also borrow mo ey for the purpose of repelling invasion, suppres sing insurrection, and defending the SUto in time of war; but the money thus raised, shall be applied exclusively to the purposes for which H was raised. : -, Sec. 5. No scrip, certificate or other evidence of Sute debt shall be issued, except for such debU as are authorized by the third or fourth sections of this article. Sec. 6. The property cf the Sute and coun ties, both real and personal, and such other pro perty as the Legislature may deem necessary for school, religious or charitable purposes, may be exempted from Uxation. Sec 7. No money shall at any time be paid out of the Treasury, except in pursuance of aa appropriation by law. Sec 8. An accurate sUtement of the reeeipU and expenditures of tbe public money, shall be published with the laws of each regular session, of the Legislature. ARTICLE X. RrvTJTO. Section 1. All bills for raising revenue, shall originate in the Hoase of RepresenUtives. Sec 2. Taxation shall be equal and uniform, and all property on which Uxes may be levied, shall be Uxed in proportion to iu value, to be ascertained as directed by Legislative enact ment, and no one species of property shall be Uxed higher than another species of property of equal value, en which Uxes shall be levied. Sec 3. The Legislature shall have power to levy aa income Ux, and to Ux all persons pur suing any occupation, trade or profession. Sec 4. The Legislature shall provide for the classification of the lands of this State Into three distinct classes, to be styled respectively, class one, two and three, and each of these classes shall have a fixed value ia so much money, wp on which there shall be assessed aa ad-valorem Ux. Sec. 5. The Legislature shall provide for a capiution or poll-Ux, to be paid by every able bodied male citizen over twenty-eac years and under sixty years of sge, but nothing herein eon Uined shall prevent the exemption of taxable polls In eases of bodily infirmity. . Sec fi. The Legislature shall levy a tax oa all railroad incomes proceeding from 'gifts of public land at the rat of tea cents a the one hundred dollars. ' Sac 7. No Lotteries shall be authorised by law, as a source of Revenue. Sec 8. Whatever donations of lands or mon ey that may be received from the general gov ernment by this SUte, shall be regarded as a source of revenue, subject to a compact, made with the United States by special ordinance. ARTICLE XL Pbilw Don am axb IwrxaxAi. JjrnoTEwisrrs. 8 EC-no 1. It shall be the duty of the Legis lature to provide for tbe prevention of waste sad damage of the public lands, now possessed, or that may hereafter be ceded to the Territory ef Sute of Kansas; aad it may pass laws for the sale of any part or portioa thereof, and ia each ease, provide for the safety, security aad appro priation cf tbe proceeds. Sxc 5. A liberal system of Internal Improve menu being essential to the development ef the resources of the country, shall be encouraged by the government of the Sute; aad it shall be the duty of the Legialatare as soon as practicable, to ascertain, by law, proper objects of Improve meota la relation to roads, canals aad navigable streams, and to provide for a suitable application of such funds as may be appropriated for each improvements. n ' . ARTICLE XIL Cearoaavtowa. -, Sxenoa 1. Corporations ma; be formed under a general law, bat the Legislature may, by spe cial act, create bodies politic for municipal par poses; and where the objects of the corporation cannot be attained wnder it, all general laws, er specwJ acU, enacted under the provisions of this