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r't V hi55' 4v mi 'sir vw M 0L. BILLEB, EDITOR 1XD PUBLISHER. - THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION. terms $2.io per muw, a ADT1XCS. VOLUME II. NUMBER 27. j ; WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS,- THURSDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1858. WHOLE NUMBER, J79." MM 1ft t 1 V : i : III 111 - 111 B IBM I r I eai AtiinesaN Casket, 1P33.) IT TUB ATOX BARD. ' -FTrtpH "ft" "oV" ivanfk - -van-- a-.w fta, i aaiwt - . T A)fcsiedeoalawataad years aga. . itaeaf '' """ " coM ..- Tn rf T '" peri kaety Bagen lod" rf ITiK en tkj forehead raH. ICtwr! y m'r '" inl e'er them clowJ eblirion'l erneo. f iMt rrpiu fri thai bnn wreck Tri I, nd mtMata f the iUrV jrir. 71 wA ere with phw h k4"4' Or km rlun rhi ehk Iit wt: . .. .l.. w... tar .o-lit I kow. hath rUmooJ . ip1 fmbwr that ear, aa very (tail aaJ eoM The Bntic It" a- Meaiaoa a(ea keari, TVata iutix ti tha awraiaj thy arilh jolJ, AaJ aR ill ttrinrt awlodiaotly ttirred. ' itiifut ail? haa tlaalliarFd ia that trait, Kaieh kaa to atitl and aemleta br thr lide; fti.rr Mat Pharaoh, yiehtiaj to thy chirm , ' Made thea hit royal bride. imi the thiw It rf mw lore-breathiaj late. Thaw taper finrm aiar hara eftei atnyed; TWHtaajaa, whieh htt fcr ceatoriet Wen raate, Tt Apit ar to lata loar haw prayed. IThra aaciaat Memphit wat die teat rf power. HVa oiiitk aad aiotic r-ipned tritbio her wallts fv'ut the watted aiaay a pleataot hoar, t pert ia priacely hallt. Tar hrouhiag ttataa aad the tpeakin bait . Of iB tbtir jraca aad heaaty hara boea "raft, Aad doaw tad toot hare rranibled ialo doit, ftare thr freed toali mortal pritoa hsft. Akhaaih the rock for aiaay aget hid That heaua raia from the li(lit of day, h aareelr fcelt, Uke Eti-pt't Pjramid, Theia-ar of deeay. Thi raulii; taabean fall" anaa the ana-, . let eaaaot well the iry chaia oT death; Tat rrphyr't winf U fiiaaias thy dark brow, at thea tit reeklett of itt balmy trrath. IThra jor brkl empire ia that leathern Urea it, rrrbapt the waadered by the Nile'a feeea thore, Aad anted apon bit billow! when at red, Of hiteaed la their roar. la cliUknod'. hoar, tha aiairea liltle tlionjla, rTVa Kle to herald all itt ehartaa mreil, rt mttchlett form by ttranen woo Id be beafht, Aad made the therae of ar an errin tale. Wbra the brt tramp thall animate tike tomb, An.l call the .lead from oot the ea and earth. Maiden thr apirit will itt doit rereme, Far from thy place of birth.' THE OLD PREACHER; OR, THE TRAITOR AND PATRIOT. Fifty jars ago a terrible storm shook the city of London. At the dead of the Bight, rvlin the storm was at its highest, m n-il minister, liring near the suburbs of tlu city, wa arousetl bj an earnest oj for lirl. Lookiug from hi windorr, 1m bcheM a rmle man, clad in the coarse Attire of tli sweeper of the pablic streets. It t fetr moments, while the rain came town in torrents, and the Moriu growled abore, the preacher leaning on the arm of 'hf otavengcr, threaded hia way through the .lark nuburbs. , Tliat very day a strange old man had f J'm speechless in front of the scaven g' rude home. Tho good-hearted jtreH-sweeper had taken him in, laid I'lm on his own bed he had not spoken ud now he was dying. Tlii, was the story of the rough man. And now, through dark alleys, among niwable tenements, that seem to topple Iowa upon their heads, into the loneliest al dreariest suburbs they pass that white-haired minister and his-guide. At ' ia a narrow conrt, and up a flight of tort that creaked benoatk their tread, then into the death room. . was in truth a miserable place. A glimmering light stood on a broken ,r-. There were the rough walls, there loliUry garret window, with the rain g through the rags and straw, which tnffed the broken panes and there amid vY ?f wIJ siles tho ma11 TliM'' kim SMms tke stranSer witn T one corner, on the coarse straw of i "Sged bed, lay the dying man. He bat hlf dressed hi8 legs were con "W y military boote. . o Aged preacher drew near and look 2 "Pon him. And he looked throb roty01 might death-watch l,c5"g in the shattered wall. U m of a strong man, grown ' With CAre. mnra rfiar. orr eDrWr face that yon might laok v,to' na yet wear in yonr memory Li ns bend over the bed and Aat face. 4 bold fnpAo.J 4 l. . kU between the brows long locks fr?r nir, sprinkled with gray lips jo ,t 7qmrenng as though they '-toVrh9 tvu from the life of the man tta,? ,. two ,rS' e" i-ul, burning, W uUZ WM ,otnsthinrr o terribla in UtiC?Tsomething so full of nnnttra- 0, , "TM.M- naspe-kable despair that Lnf l ""f ,er ,Urte,i in horror. TK these Btrontr nns are clutch tatu ; j aD' -ir-the death sweat a i. v . ' UU lM C0I- trow tne Tk a.1"1 :, rhrb!-thro'-t tit - V i ? ,n the 8n"ered wall. "oald yoa ii, jn ft, faitll of , Christian 7" faltered the preacher, as he uneis tDere on the dark floor. . . , Tho white. lips of the death stricken man trembled bat made no aonnd. Then, with the agony ot death upon him, he rose into a sitting posture. For hi urst nine, ne spoke : "Christian J" he echoed 'in that deep luurj wuicu inruieu me preacuer-Xo tue Heart, "will that faith give mo back my honor 7 1 Lome with me with , me far, far oveV the water. Mia I. "We are there! This is my native borne. .Yonder is the church in which I knelt in childhood yonder the green on which I sported when . I -T.. .1 a .i 1 .i jjua auuiuer nag man tnat wav ed when I was a child. And listen, old man ; were I to pass this street as I pass ed when but a child, tho verv babes in their cradles would raise their tiny hands and enrso me. The graves in yonder TJ 1 . - cnurcDyaru wonia shrink from my foot steps, and yonder flag would stain a bap tism of blood npon my heart." That was an awful death-bed. The minister has watched the " Ixst night," with a hundred convicts in their cells, and yet never beheld a scene as terrible as this. Suddenly the dying man arose. lie tottered along the floor. With those white fingers, whose nails re blue with the death-chill, he opened the valine. lie showed his military coat trimmed with silver, an old parchment, a piece of cloth that looked like the wreck of a battle flag. v "Look ye, priest, this faded coat is spotted with my blood !" he cried, as old memories seemed stirring at his heart. This is the coat I wore when I planted the banner of the stars on Ticonderoga. That bullet hole was pierced in the fight at Quebec ; now I am a let me whis per in yoiTr ear. "Now, help me, priest," he said in a voice growing suddenly tremtilons ; "help me put on this coat of blue and silver. For yon sac," and a ghastly smile came over-his face, "there is no one to wipe the cold drops from my brow ; no wile, no child I must meet death alone; but I will meet him, as I met him in battle, without fear." While he stood arraying himself in that worm-eaten coat of blue' and silver, the good preacher spoke to him of faith in Jesus. Yes, of that great faith which pierces the clouds of human guilt, and rolls them back from the face of God. "Faith !" echoed the strange man, who stood there erect, with the death-light in his eye. "Faith ! can it give mo back my honor ? Look, ye, priest, there over the waves, sits George Washington, tell ing to his comrades the pleasant story of tho eight years' war there in his royal hall sits George of England bewailing iu his idiotic voice the loss of his colonies. And here am I I who was the first to raise the flag of freedom, the first to strike the blow against that King here am I, dying like a dog 1" The awe-stricken preacher started back from the look of the dying man while throb throb throb beat the death- watch in the shattered wall. "Hush ! silence along tho line there !' he muttered, in that wild, absent tone, as thongh speaking to the dead ; "silonco along the lines ! Hark, yon. Montgomery, we will meet there in victory or death ! Hist ! silence, my men, not a whisper, as you move up those steep rocks 1 Now on, my boys, now on I ilan ot tuo wilder ness, we will gain the town. Now op with the banner nf tho stars ; tip with the flair of freedom, though tha night is dark and the snow falls I Now now " shrieked the death-stricken man. towering there in the blue uniform, with his clench ed hands waving in the air" now, nowl One blow, and Quebec is ours I And look. His eyes grew glassy. With that word on his lips, he stands there ah ! what a hideous picture or despair, erect, livid, ghastly 1 There for a moment, and then he falls I He is dead 1 Ah ? look at that proud form, thrown cold and stiff npon the damp floor. In that glassy eye there lingers even yet, horrible energy, a sublimity of despair. ' - Who is this strange man, dying here alone in this rude garret, this man, who, in all his crime, still treasured np his blue uniform and faded flag 7 Who is this being of terrible remorse ? This man, whose memories link some thing of heaven and more of hell ? ' - . Let ns look at that parchment and the flag. The old minister unrolls that faded flag. It was a blue banner gleaming with thirteen stars. He unrolls that parchment It is a Colonel's commission in the Continental Army, .-addressed Besbdict Arsold ! And there, in that rude hut, while the death-watch throbbed like a heart in the shattered wall unknown, nnwept, in all the bitterness of desolation, lay the corpse of that patriot and traitor. Oh, that onr own trne Washington had been there, to sever that good right arm from the corpse, and while the dichonred body rotted into dust, to bring home that good right arm, and embalm it among the holiest memories of the past. For that right arm had struck many a gallant blow for freedom,' yonder at Ti coadeioga, at Quebec, Champlain, and Baratoga that arm yonder, beneath the snow-white mountain, on the ekep silence of the dead, first raised into sight the banner of the Stars. . It ws daring the renowned expedition throngh the wilderness to Quebec, that Arnold eacamped for two or three days beside the River of the Dead, near a snow white mountain, which rose ia lovsly grandeur over all other mountains, into the autumnal hi v. A sin Ha soldier as cended the mountain: with the. Lope of Deholding irm Us summit the rocks and spires of Quebec. Whet he cam down Arnold took from hU Lreosl. wlnr .'fnr four days in privation and danger he had carriou it, a blue wanner ; gleaming with thirteen star. Ha raided it intn tJia lio-Vrt and for . the , first, time., the Continental iMnner Boated over the soIUades of the Dead River.. This iy & fact attested L history and corroborated by tradition. WASHUTGT05 CROSSING- THE DELAWARE. . DT r-EBA r-MlTU. : Daft and rbjomy wat the boor, Aad Freedom 't Sret burnt low; For twenty day, bad Wathiajleo etreated Iron the foe; And bit wearr wilier,' feet were bare, - At ha Bed acrott the DeMaware. tlearta were iailief tlmtrb ilia hutd, . Aad patriot bloo-1 ran cold; The stricken army trar-e retain'J Two thootaad men. all told; While tho Britiih arm, gleamed every wbera, From the HnJtoa to tha Delaware. . Cold and atormy name tha ni-ht The gr-?at Chief rooted bit meat "Now, np, brave comradei, op, ami ttrikn For Freedom once agia; . For the lion ileepeth in hit lair. On the left bank of tha Delaware." By tho darMing rirer't tiJe, Beneath a wintry tky. From that weak band, forlorn anal few, Went np the patriot cry: "O, rand of Free.loas, ne'er detpatr! Well die, or croat the Delaware!" now tha ttrong onrt (lathed Uw Ice, Amid the tempoatt roar! Aad how tlie trampet voice of Knot Still cheer them to the thore! m ' ' That in tho freeainf midnight nir, Tbeto brave heart! ewtaed the Delaware. , In the morning-, erey nnd dim,' The thotxt of battle rote; -Tlie Chief led back hit reliant men, With a Uiooinnd eaptirn loot; - Whila Trenton thook with cannon's blare, That told the newt e'rr the Delaware. Nickxames. It frequently happens that certain States and cities, instead of being refereed to by their proper names, are indicated in some other wav. Tims we have : Virginia, the "Old Dominion." Massachusetts, the "Bay State." Rhode Island, "Little IUiody." New York, "Empire State." New Hampshire,. "Granite State." Vermont, ther"Grcen Mountain State." Connecticut,' the Land of Steady Habits." Pennsylvania, the "Keystone State." North Carolina, "Old North State." South Carolina, the "Palmetto State." Ohio, the "Buckeye State." Michigan, the "Wolverine State." Missouri, tlie "Puke State." Indiana, the "Hoosier State." Illinois, the "Sucker State." ' Iowa, the 'Hawkeyo State." Florida, the "Peninsular State." So, alo, we have: Now York City, the " Metropolis of America," the "Commercial Empori um." and "Gotham." ' ' Boston, the "Modern Athens," and the "Literary Emporium." ! Philadelphia, the "City of Brotherly Love," "City of Penn," and the ." Qua ker City." . - Baltimore, the "Monumental City," . Cincinnati, the "Queen City." "Queen of the West," and Porkopolis," New Orleans, the "Crescent City." Washington, the "CHy of Magnificent Distances." - ,"' Chicago, the "Garden City." . Detroit, the "Citv of the Straits." Cleveland, the "Forest City." Hew Haven, the "City of Elms." Richmond. (Ind.,) the "Quaker City of the Wet," Lafayette, the "Star City." Indianapolis, the "Railroad City." .' fit. Lonis. the "Mound City." Keokuk, the "Gate City." - ' - It is reported that Jehn Glancy Jones, the worst beaten man in Pennsylvania for Congress, has been appointed Minister to Austria. .The President takes. ;careof -those whom the people repudiate, and the people take care of those whom the Pres ident repudiates. Clevt. PlaindeaUr. The Cincinnati Enquirer, Democratic organ, copies tha above and says : That role does not seem to have worked well in your case, as yon have been repu diated by both the President and the peo ple. This is really cruel. The Cincinnati Postmaster ought to have some little mercy on his beheaded brother of the Plaindealer. Columbui Journal. . . The National Intelligencer regale its readers, aa a piece of very early news, with the speech of one of onr Senators on Kansas, delivered last March. No wonder that the Washington journals require aid from Congress to eke out their sickly existence, and still less wonder that in a pinch the Administration can always command their services and their praise. Tlie Illinois Register says that the Richmond South has finally come oct in favor of the re-election of Judge Dou glas to the Senate. So there is another "Richmond" , in the field. We venture to predict, however, that no Richmond North will ever come out in hia favor. awoaaanaawaawowaawaaaaawaaaawawawtawaawowjawtawawam Gen. ' Jackson'i Birth Place. South . Carolina T.-Virginia. ' The -claim of Major - Davenport that Gen. Jackson was bora : in Virginia, is refuted by the Lancaster (S. C.) Ledger, which shows that he was a native of that district -Wequoter The family of Jackson was Scotch, and emigrated, at an early period, to the north of Ireland. Andrew Jackson, the father of General! Jack-ion, with bis eons, Hugh and Robert, left Jreland and landed in Charleston; in. 1765, and removed to tho Waxhaws, Lancaster District, S. C, there to reside. Major Robert Crawford, with others of the Crawford family, came over with him, and likewise settled in the Waxhaws. Andrew Jackson died shortly after hia arrival in this country, and just before the birth of his son Andrew. 1 he latter was born on the 15th day of March, 1707. Tho Jacksons were in rather indigent circumntaiiees ; but Major Crawford, a wealthy man, was, through the marriage of ono of his brothers with the sister of Andrew Jackson's (Sr.,) wife, somewhat a lamily connection, and was the hrm and undeviating friend of the Jacksons. From the best information we can gather, the mother of Gen. Jackson had left the place where her husband first settled, and was, at the time of the birth of her son Andrew, living on a place belonging to Major Crawford, and very near to his place of residence. In a very short time after that evnt the birth of Andrew M.ijor Crawford took her to his own house, and it was her home nml her death. Major Crawford took good care of his protege ; and was repaid by a filial affec tion that diod only when tho old hero himself ceased to exist. The descendants of Major Crawford are numorous, aud tho tradition of the family as to the birth place of Jackson is as we have above stated. ' There are numerous relations of Geu. Jackson now living in this district some of them second cousins and the tradition among them is that Gen. Jack son was born in the Waxhaws. ' The tradition is not vague and uncertain ; it is positive, direct ; and is founded npon information hauded down from parents to thoir children. There are men and wo men now here, and many of them, who have conversed with persons of undoubted veracitv, who wero present at the birth of Oon. Jackson, borno of thoso who were present were near rolatives, aad gave some years ago their testimony to. tho Tact that their distinguished kinsman was born in the Waxhaws. AH the above can be verified, if necessary, by men and women among ns of unquestioned character. Tho Ledger further states that Martin P. Crawford. Esq., the grandson of Maj. Robert Crawford, is now the owner of an old negro Woman who was a playmate of Jackson's in early childhood. Phillis is npwardsof ninety years old, and can point the exact spot on which stood the house in which Gen. Jackson was born. Great Evests in 1858. L The Re vival of Religion, the most extensive and thorough ever experienced in the United States. ' 2. The triumph of the American Tract Society, tho greatest moral victory of truth over error achieved since the Reformation of Martin Luther. 3. The successful completion of the Electric Telegraph from Europe to Amer ica, the greatest work of human perseve re nco and enterprise. 4. The opening of China to the com merce of the world, and free toleration of the Christian religion throughout the Em pire, i . . s- ' '' Tho late Postmaster at Quincy, His., who was a warm friend of Senator Dou glas, and was told that if he did not give np Douglas he must give np his office,. is said to have used the following eloquent language: .'. "Mr. Buchanan may go to h 1 with his d d old post office, if ha he don't like ray Democracy !" Mr. Buchanan removed the gentleman's head. The Cincinnati Enquirer complains that the defeat of the Democratic- ticket in Jefferson County was caused by a story put in circulation by the Repolicans, that President Buchanan had signed a bill making tmoolh quarters only worth twen ty cents. We incline to think there was truth in the story after all ; for whoa he signed the English bill, the "quarters " of a good many- Democratic Congress men in Pennsylvania vers mot worth a red. .! ' The Vincennes Gazette says that a memorial is being circulated and is being artjtnnvsvlw airiuvl in Ohio. Dravinz the Legislature to Uke steps for relieving that State of the incubus oi iree negroes, oy sending them back to ths land of their f,,ih,r XV fear that if this were strict ly carried ont. most of the negroes would be sent South.- ' - . --.' ' Parson Brownlow. of the Knexville Whig, says : "In all personal and polit- ,.t enarrora. T Will Uk tht tOUTtt that suits tne, without consulting any one, and hnLl' Vnwno'f mmonsible for the conse- Quenecs"" We recommend a course of , . . i i - sprouts as liReiy to no mm more gooa than anything else. ; ' The Washington States (Douglas or gan.) records with great demonstrations of satisfaction, the entire coincidence be tween Jefferson Davis and Senator Dou glas, on the Slavery question- Can the States say as much for their coincidence on the next Presidential question? A Grist from Prentice. . Mr, Douglas is to be pitied. He is perfectly furious against Mr. Buchanan, bnt dares not abuse him. To use a com parison more strong thsn delicate, he is uke a Scotchman that s got the itch and no finger nails to scratch with. In Sweden, a man who is seen fonr times drunk is deprived of a vote at elec tions. In some of our large cities this rale is reversed, a drunken man is made to vote four times. - On the evening of the 17th of Septem ber, the day of the departure of the last mail from Salt Lake, thirteen births were reported in Elder Kimball's family. We think that Brigham must be getting jeal ous. "He may well tremble for his su premacy among the Utah women. Mirabeao said that silence was the most eloquent lesson that can be given by sub jects to their rulers. We are not dispos ed to question the general truth of this apothegm, but w? think the lond talk of Pennsylvania last week had its eloquence as well as force. ' The Cincinnati Times says the " pre vailing epidemic now raging in this pity is the thirst for strong drink." We pre sume the rye faces occasioned by the re sults of the election have struck in. The majority against the Democracy in Ohio, according to the returns, is about 3U.UUU, and in Pennsylvania 6U.U00 The Democracy seem to be thanking God that it is no greater. The Sonthern Democratic papers are as witty over the elections as brevity can make them. They dispatch them in two or three lines, thinking the least said the soonest mended. The editor of the New York Observer glorifies Mr. Buchanan for having walked two miles to church on Sunday. We suppose the old gentleman's carriage or buggy was in use, and he was too parsi monious to hire one. The St. Louis Republican thinks that Air. Lincoln selection would cause dismay in more than one-half of the States of the Union. Probably it would cause dismay in all the States of the Union in fact wherever Locofocos are to be found. The "Pennsylvania Dutch," of Berks County, have a highly appreciative opin ion of Glancy Jones. Ono of them said, "it is von shame if Mishter Shones be not elected, for he is the Committee of the Shairman of Mean Ways I" New Candidate fob the Presidency. A German Sunday paper, published in New i ork, suggests Morrissey as a prop er candidate for the Presidency in 18GU The editor insists that no one in Congress then woold be so audacious as to refuse the appropriation of money, or to oppose the measures of the Administration ; for who would like to fight eleven rounds with His LxceMency, the President, to have his head and breast smashed ? The United States would then have a strong Government He says : "Morrissey, Esq.," is also a "self-made" man. The Rough-Skins, Blood-Tubs, Mackerel Boys, Dead-Ribbits, Plog-Ug-lies, and ether patriotic associations and clubs, having already opened the campaign at Long Point, Canada, where Morrissey used striking arguments against his op ponent, Heenan, Esq. The following ticket is suggested for the Cabinet : For Secretary of State Yankee Sulli van, Esq. For Secretary of the Treasury Dad Cunningham, Esq. ' For Secretary of War Tom Hyer, Esq. For Secretary of the Navy John Dobson, Esq. For Postmaster General Billy Mulli gan, Esq. For Secretary of the Interior Benicia Boy, Esq. For Indian Affairs Awful Gardner, Esq. James G. Jameson, nephew of ex President Pierce, cut his throat with a razor, and (lied, in Boston, on Thursday. Exchange. We really do not think there was suf ficient reason for the young man to cot his throat. - He might have removed to a foreign country, where his relationship to ex-President Pierce would never have been known. Lou. Jour. At tha Fourth of Jul v celebration, held at Lexington, the following toast was offered : "Hoeps and TijlU Pants the unqual ified representatives of financial extremes. May the charms of the ladies be as bound less as their skirts ; and may tne genu never get as tight as their breeches." The Charleston News saTS the South has but one thing to do, and that is to prepare at once for a boutnern Lonieuer acy, and decisively proceed to form it. At the assembling of Congress, ia a few weak, let the Southern members convene in open meeting, plant their feet, and an nounce the determination. A Pbksidbhtial Ticket. The Indi ana American, a paper devotod. as we find in the title page, "to sound morals, pore temperance, and rare fun," raises as its candid ites tor the next t-resnieniiai race, the names of John C. Fremont and John W. Forney. - A gentleman recently inquired of Gov. Harris, of Tennessee, when be intended to appoint a day for Thanksgiving. "I'd like to know what tha d 1 the Demo crats have got to thank God for this year," was the melancholy response. ROSALIE VASE. 1 mot bar wbca had and when hie nam were tare, AW tho rents of the morning by white la the air; A terapk-lika child en the aoana ofprinr, . With a heart fen of flea, kke a bird on the wing; And bar aweet, nanny nyo wat a charm against pain, For a vision nf gladaeaa was Bosalio Vano. I met her when aatnr wan fragrant with Sowars . And the gtory afSemmer encircled the bo wen With a wreath aa her brow', aad a taniWee her bp, L.ke a daw-lighted flower l bee krree to tip; For Eros haJ honnJ her a briJo ia kit train, 1 And the fairest and rarest was Raaalin Van. I tnat ker when learns that the wild Summer rare, ' Had buM like mist aa tha foaio -covered ware The angels had whispered, aweet ultra, w. come! Aad the trnaat ham Uearea went back te ber home. Thn Winter pasaad ever, aad never again Shall I see thea anj lorn thee, sweet Rosalia Vane. A Good letter. . The following letter from the "gallant narry of the West," the old Whig leader, the practical American Statesman, has recently been published, for the first time. It was written during the depress ed times of John Tyler's administration, but is equally applicable to thd present circumstances of tho nation : "Ashland, 6th April, 1843. Dr. ah Sib : I received your favor and concur with yon in al1 that you have said about the ills of the country and the causes of them. They originated at Washington, and the remedy ought to come from the samo place ; but, during the present administration, wo are not allowed to hope for one. In the mean time, the only alternative left to tho peo ple is in their industry, economy and fru gality. Tho savings of one family, in the course of a year are not much; bnt when seventeen millions of people are all at the same time practicing economy, the aggregate of their savings in that time is immense. Tho people being unable to consume foreign commodities, the impor tations are small, and specie U flowing into tho country through all its great in lets. The effect will bo to augment the circulation both of specie and of bank notes redeemable in specio ; and I think in the course of the year we shall begin to feel the salutary influence of this state of things. I thank yon for your invitation to visit Illinois ; bnt I regret that 1 caunot prom ise myself that satisfaction. With great regard, I am yours truly, II. CLAY. James .Walcott, Esq. The New York Times says that Wen dell, of the Union, declares himself in favor of Douglas. Ho says "be i. mak ing money by publishing the attacks npon him, but disclaims any responsibility therefor." We should like to know who paid him, and whether Douglas did it to cheat the voters of Illinois into a belief that he is honest in breaking with the Administration. ' The Washington Union has discovered "a strange political phenomenon," to wit : that "a large class of naturalized citizens have gone over to help tho Re publicans 1" If the Union were to look at the signs hereabouts, it would- also discover another stranire political phe nomenon, to wit : that a large class of un-naturalized citizens had gone over to help the Douglasites. How We Look is Greek. A life of Washington ha just made its appearance at Athens, Greece. They make shocking work with our names. Washington is rendered Ouasigslon; Hancock is Agkok; Bunker Hill, Eo.monlon Eongler ; and old Gov. Dinwiddie figures in the classic language of Homer, Demosthenes and Plato as Dioktles Dinouiddes. Hon. William Monl corner v. of Penn sylvania, whose position has hitherto been regardeJ as equivocal, has recently, in a public speech, expressed his nnstuity to tha Administration in very bitter terms. declaring himself to be of the Douglas nchnnl in oolitics. nis lost act of fealty to Old Buck was sending him a barrel of rye whiskey. Prettt Good. One of the defeated Democratic candidates in Boston was asked the morning after the election, the question, "how do yon feel 7" " Feel." . .,.., nes - i . t - be replied, "wny, x leei jo a a wjppo Lazarns did when be was licked by the dogs 1" No more questions were asked. A Donzlas Chicago orator. F. C. Slirrman. onened rich, as follows : "For the sake of facilitating bnsinesa. I hove in a few remarks;" and on a different oc casion he said he had "built a subterra nean vault in the garret of the Sherman House, lor a wine cellar. Tha Tan ITanta Union States that the laborers who were imported into Indian apolis to vote the old line ticket, and nramUAl cmnlovment on the Government building, have brought suit against the contractor, and are determinec to maxe him redeem hia pledge. The Louisville Journal is guilty of the following: . ' ' s Wa f.ll rtVtit bad at first about the . . W .W.W - y election of Dooglaa, but. when we saw how much worse the Adminiatration felt, w) became marvellonsly comforted." A Tennesswe paper has hoisted the names of Hon. John Bell, of Tennessee, for President. nd Washington Hunt, of New York, for Vice President. A Wisconsin Board of Education re cently resolved "to erect a bnflding large enough to accommodate five hundred stu dents three ftories high." Ho w to Build an Ice-Houie. .' ' Elhtob Oaio Fabmeb. Dear Sir t About the first of last January, I cowcltK ded to put up icsf for summer use. ILav-j ing no ice house, 5o., and being not ac qnainted with the usual way of building, -I conferred with my old friend Ohio Far mer, a veteran in wisdom, if not in years with whom my acquaintance extends back to his first exit into the world of thought, and found him well posted on the subject, as always I find him on any subject rela ting to our profession. Although he gavs me not any plan just suited to my time and means, yet, he gave me more : prin ciple that guided me in building' on a plan of my own, for which I like bin better. Having a barn unoccupied, I measured off a room 12 feet square in tire North West corner. My friend informed me? that tho bottom should be fixed to let the) water drain immediately off, that comes from thn ice, hence I put rails down on the ground, there being no floor, and cov ered them two fvet with sawdust, which filled up to the top of the sills ; then I put boards on and covered them six inch so with sawdust, so that tho ico should settle alike, and not make vacuums in nry pile of ice. Again, air must not be ad mitted at the bottom ; if it is, nothing can keep tha ico from melting ; so I pat. the scantling forming my inside walls, on which were nailed inch boards, 12 inches from the inside of the barn boards, filh'ng' - the space with sawdust. Height of wail six feet. The roof of the ice house should not be very near the ice, hence I left, all open np to the roof of the bam, and took, the ice out at the top. Having an icer house completed, . which two men will make in two days, with team, if sawdust or spent tan bark is near, I proceeded to procure my ice. Myself and man cut tha ice in one day, and slid it on shore, where)' we let it remain till the water was all frozen that was dripping from it. I drew it to my barn and piled it upon the floor. It being cold weather, I did not pack i it away into the ice honse till a fortnight, had passed, during which time' it became very transparent. I pnt a course over1 the bottom, ami filled the cracks with ice, and then laid another course, and so on till my room was filled. Whan filled, I covered the top conrse one foot deep with sawdust, stamped it down, and when the ice was wanted, removed just enongh sawdust to take ont as much ice as need-' ed. Dnrinir Summer, when the ice melt ed on the side I filled up with- sawdust, and stamped it down closely. Wo took ice out every day and sometimes four or five times in a day, and have quite a quan tity on hand now. A correspondent of my friend says, no one should expect te keep ice unless he puts- ct a cubic of 12 feet, or 1728 solid feet My pile was 610, solid feet. Yours truly. M. D. Eyibist, '-', Macedonia Depot. ' How to Bcrs Coau Nine out of ten who attempt to burn coaLjn a stove, wast. about as much coal as is necessary to be . consumed for the obtaining of all the heat desirable. Observe the following simple rales, snggsted by a cotemporary, and few who adopt the burning of coal will return te wood fires. We will suppose the stove cleaned out. First. To make a coal fire, pot in donble handful ef shavings, or nse kind ling wood instead. Pill the earthen cav ity (if the stove has one.) nearly full of chunks of dry wood ; say four or six inches in length. On the top put aboat a dozen lump ef egg coal. In tea minutes add about twenty fumps more xf coal.. As soon as the wood has burned out, fill ' the cavity half to tw'e-thirds full of coal.' Tbe fire will be a good one. The coaT will, by these directions, become thorough-' ly ignited. . .... , Skcond. Never fill a store more than , half or two-thirds ' full of coal even in the coldest weather. ' This. When the fire is low, never shake the grate or dsstrub the ashes ;-btt add from ten to fifteen small lumps pf coal, and set tlie d ran gut open... When these are heated through and somewhat . igniteiL sdd tbe amount Mcessary for a new fire but do not dutorb the ashes yet Let the draught be open half an boor,; Now hhake ont the ashes. Tbe coal will be thoroughly ignited, and will keep tkef stove at high treat from six to twelve hours, according to the coldness of tltfP weather. : . i .FocBTD-For very cold weather af-r ter the fire is made, according to rale first . and third, add every hour about twelve or twenty lamps of coaL Yoa will find, that the ashes mads each hour will be ia ' about that ratio. Harrisbury Viion ond Patriot. n : : a.'". Tainted Meat can be entirety freed of. its disagreeable taxte, if when boiling, a piece of charred, or burnt stick be kept in the pot A piece of charcoal is as good. . . , . An honest Irishman being asked how many children be hail, answered that be had three sons, and each of them had a sister. . ,- ... .. Qtjere TIow many daughters had he? OurrMirr fob Cbam. Simmer ox ' marrow over tbe fire, and afterwards strain ' it through a piece of muslin into galli-. pots. When cold, rub the part aSected.