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''-?-" - . . '-.J ,".? f I- H. ' 1 . - '!' ... e ' r - , , - . ' , ! ' ....... 4 . ... - - - - , . i ... - - . t-j;'. v "', : ". . -i .'': i - .. . ? ., . .i f 1Qi 5 . j . . : ; . ..i.:.-..r.. n - . . . ' . r v:.. : ' -r . ... .. 5 . A . 1 ! r ,5 .. 1 10 Pfi 4 tl If if V' NT 'N ysr Ay iJL. MILLER, EDITOR 1D PUBLISHER. ' ' ' - -j. VOLUME II. XliMBEU. .40. j . , . i :: Cjmrc '!(itiri.: : IKE TiEASTTEED EI5QLET. . Itkitkiox WwtM April rer -l'pifcU ut cbair : r : ;' f ,ml Ho I fowdl r. r . ffttfc Ail Ww Jock 9f hair. . y rliriH ni pillowed m j hraatt, " Xowr ere were fixed m . jiwr heart tu all aiy w, I kaew aij w irai Milne. TW tain 7 Ueat of violets faaie tuaiinx im the roon, r AbJ ainsliBS with the roM i;K, ppfead roaad a rich perfbe; Vet tweet r tnur tlie arana lealli wliich Irlt api y ebeekf Xloa fn-raa-e froai the blahin rtet (lr freai tlie fiolet awek. rpno tbe !ik, the avrkin-(irJ Wa iayij load aad clear, Bat aoiei tr.re ntuical to ate. UYra fallia oa nr ear; Fnr freia tw aolile heart, yon pgvred tc'. low, yet tl ritlia; tone, Anl erery word your pr-re m breathed, Was aaiwered by aar owa. How like a -loriou ninLow thra Tba Tatare all appeared! Jim ear aar orrow tlies we kmew, Ik'a diaipmntaaent feared. . The worMV nule ware bad aK hcga ArroM oar path to werp; TV aeter ve from liajtjuneti I I a J came to i;h or aieep, . . . Pnt aiany ajearr yer.r harr ps(!, r'iare that bri-tn Afril eve, A d yoa have leaned, aiace the a, to weep, Aad I liar learned to grieve; Aal oa tby trow, an furrowed then. Time aad hit Mtrr, Ore, I'are ei ilieir wrinkled alt aad atrewed Tbftr silver ia thy hair. Nor Tint, a r Care, anr err!d roira vavei, Hate had the powrr to rhiH The U lure hh-h tliea vowed, Tbxt if a hmtled dill; Aad antil iVnth the reaper eoaiei, It aeW diall 6ow away ' Oar liic wflove, h c'i fir 4 b.jn pnn that Aprtt dny. Select (Laic. AN ODD FELLOFS INITIATION- BV ABIX FLETCUKR. Hivins been iirvi(iuIr iironoseil nnd ftede.1. 1 tait"il oh evt'uiiif; in'curiiany with s fnoii l to gn to tlio lo lge for the pirpoe of being initiated. My fi ieucl, lio (m ulrej'ly a member of the Onlor, took me through many narrow streets aa drk allevR, turned several corners, U'l 6tully bronglit me to a strange looking liuliiing at the extreme end of long, narrow and crooked alley, in a rtmote part of the city, where I conld not recollect of ever having been before. from the dim liirhts which were reflected from the windows of the adjacent build iiijis the one to which my friend conduc tl mi an I in which he informed me the 'frige niL-t, Appeared to me an antique tfrnctin. which weined to partake both w w uotinc an t the bgyptian onlers. At iny rate it was an odd looking affair, al teemed to le a fit place for the as "mWinz toirethar of a k,u mv nf O.l.l 1 inlliiued niv friend up a lone winding luira", th ough hcveral narrow pass "JPS and then up another flight of stairs, kwything as I advanced appeared pe "lurly old and gloomy. The walla f c..ven'l with hieroglyphics and hrinK of a siniriilar character, which ulj only be seen by the dim light of a " iipors w hich weie burning feebly at waMderalle distance apart. At tho head ' li stairs was a long, dark Passage, at 'xtremecnd of which could be just lt?6med till Amltl JimniAriniM rf "I1 bias Iieht All smHl calcnlafed o ncite terror, and notwithstanding I often boasted of my courage, yet I -mi ro tremble at the thobght of pro ving farther. My friend now took me m i nJ 0J me 10 lw whisper J 'o be alarmed. At the entranca of " Psge a broad sword hnngsnspend- , 'he ceiling, and as we advanced read m;..,"t. j . . . . - ""i.iucu upon me wan apparently of fire. "Serreo, or Ltath.r' with terror. I now determined nl proceed no farther, I w-ordiogly wheeled suddenly around. lo' .r Uce for my llfe- ' Unt dJ . entrance of tlle passage was a , - """"s iron uoor nau oeen ,a, nd 'ofked by some invisible band. J-teni Cape was ,"mP08S'lle. My j8"1 P0,1 e by the arm, and Uv that if 1 woulJ Movr him make no resistance that I sboiikl not nnea. Finding that to turn back mpossible, and to proceel was my J cnanee. I snmmoned all mv courage --"erm.ned to go forward, let the i-nces oe what they might , pfoceeded together until we arrivel UJ?l en? ! P"ge. Here mail ; ,y lDe tlue llh of UPCT' ,j iron door, on which was nortrav- aman skeleton. Over the loor was 1 these words : Siouldst thou ae'"rou- remember thy end!" W . , .st involuntarily ntarted back. Bab,. T '"sPe'- sonnded in my" ear rap? Lot's wife." My friend now V L.n door which WM nawered W& a seP,1,chr voice from within. kckJe1U'1H- "who rt tbon.that er. 'tj. ' VV broluer of ny mystic iatrf . ,en'1 who wihes A email slide' on the door was now pubhed aside, which made an opening, at which my friend placed hia month and whispered something to the person within. The door was then opened, npon which my friend entered, pnJling me after him. Instantly the door was closed and bolted after me. I now found myself in a small room, whose wall, furniture, floor. And everything, were painted black. A lin gular odor filled the room.' In the centre stoo! a small altar, on which was burning a flame of a peculiar cast. I uow turned to see the person who had opened the door for our entrance. Hit body was enveloped in white gown or surplice, that nearly reached the floor; on his head be wore a white turban ;' a long sil ver beard, flowed from his chin to his waist, and on his face was the paleness of death. Ia his hand ho grasped a spear, npon which he leaned as upon a ttaff. Never shall I forget the emotions which passed throngli my breast r.t that moment! Trembling with fear, I turned to my friend, when lo ! there sat npon his coun tenance the ghastly paleness as npon the countenance of him who guarded the door. I looked upon my hands, they also wore the same deathly hne. Everything aronnd me was frightfully odd, and I was now fully convinced that the society well de served its name. ' My friend now bid me to be seated ; then clothing himself in a white apron ami collar, ho advanced to another, door and rapped. After passing throngh the same ceremony as at the first, he was permitted to enter. 1 was nov left alone with the Guardian to imagine through what other scenes I should be called to pass. But I was not left to meditate np on the matter long. Shortly the door through which my friend had passed was opened, and four men with drawn swords in their hands, entered from within, fol lowed by a fifth, holding a burning torch in his right band, and in his left the Holy Bible with a cross stretched upon it. They were clothed in aprons and collars, nud their conntenanco wore the same pale and death-like hue as 'did that of the Guardian. , . , . The Bible was placed npon the altar in front of the flame. I was commanded to knwl down before if, and to place my left ii.-md upon the Bible and cross, and my right hand upon my left breast. Oue of the men now placed his sword against my breast, another ngninst my right side, the third my.Ieft, and the fourth agninst my back. In tlirs awful attitude, I was told by the man with the torch that I must take a solemn oath never to divulge any of the secrets of the Order that might be revealed to me. The oath was administered, but I trem ble to repeat it. I will not shock the reader with its repetition, nor with the blasphemous penalties attached to its violation.- ' I was now stripped of all my clothing and then blindfolded. A halter was next placed around my neck, and in this de fenceless and obscene condition I wasted with some ceremony into the lodge room. On entering, the brethren commenced a song, during the singing of which I was marched aronnd the. room for them to gaze at, . When the song was finished. I wa plate 1 r stride of a rail, which I was told was the Odd Fellows' goat, and that I never could become an Odd Fellow nntil I had first learned to ride a goat In this barbaroua manner I was carred three times around the room, and finally stopped in front of the Warden's chair. Here! my blinder was raised sufficiently, when ! one of the brethren having on a mask re sembling a goat's head, butted me smack off the rail on to the floor. Enraged at such cruel treatment, I bawled ont most lustily, when instantly a cap was pulled over my head and drawn aronnd my neck so tight that my nose was at once stopped. : ' . ' ' ' After I had become silent, the strings were loosened sufficient! to allow me to breathe. I was then conducted to another part of tho room, when I was 6udcenly knocked down npon the floor, and on at tempting to get np, I found myself so completely entangled in cords, that I was unable to rise. At length I was helped np, and asked what I roost desired. I was told to say "dotldng," npon which I was dressed in a kind of gown resem bling a shirt. ? I was next conducted to the Koble Grand'a cbair, when I was asked what I most desired. I was this time told to Bay "light." Suddenly the cap was lifted off my head, and a bright light was burning before my, eyes that for a time almost blinded me. As soon as I recovered my sight, I discovered be fore me an altar from which a dense smoke arose that perfumed the hall. On each side of the altar was burning a brilliant red light that gave a strange appearance to everything around me. H,ven tne very smoke seemed tinged with a sccarlet hue. when suddenly I saw a hnman figure pierced throngh with a dart, and with his head severed from his body. And from the altar there came a voice saying, "Sec there the fate of him who violates the vow of an Odd Fellow." ; ' j' ' Snddenlr the vision vanished, the lights were extinguished, and a peal of thunder shook tho building. A loua oemomacai langh now rang throngh the room, and to add to the horror of the darkness, words of .awful import were seen written in let ters of firepon the walls around me. Figures of .onearthly' shape were . seen moving through the room with tap1 'n their hands that barely emitted light to discern the beings who held them. Clank ing of chains and low sepulchral groans THE VIIITE CLOUD, rKANSASj HURS ! - were heard as if coming np from beneath the floor npon which I stood. A voice was now heard saying, "listen to the agonizing groans of those who have vio lated the vow of an Odd Fellow." The groans grew louder, and finally died away into a low murmur. . Another peal of thunder janed the building to its very foundation, and snddenly the darkness vanished and light was restored. The smoke from the altar ceased to ascend. Behind it stood three figures clothed in the scarlet robes, with veils drawn over their faces, and with mitres on their heads. The two other ones leauod npon spears which they held in their hands. The in ner one held in (Lis right hand a book from which hctfead the following: "Stranger, at your own solicitation and request, vou have been elected a member of this Order, and have been so far ini tiated into its mysteries. The scenes through which yon have passed are full of instruction, and aie designed to make a deep and lasting impression npon your mind. . The pale visage which you first saw upon entering, should remind you that yon were mortal, and must soonqnit the busy scenes ol life, to join the pale natious of the dead. As yoa were strip ped of yonr clothing, blindfolded and haltered, and in this condition led about, at our will, but was finally clothed and! restored to light at yonr request, so yon should remember that when a brother is stripped of his projteity, oppressed by: his cieditors, and persecuted l.y his foes, i and calls upon you for assistance, it is, your dnty to clothe his nakedness, feed his ' hungry wife and children, and to aid him : even to ha'f of yonr property. Yonr! being required to ride onr goat, should j teach you to ride fearlessly across the j stormy sea of life, to endure with fortitude : the troubles and difficulties with which! yon may be called to encounter in yonr pilgrimage through the world. The other scenes through which you have passed are all designed to impress npon your mind the various duties of life, and what yon may expect should yon dare to di vulge the secrets of this Order. It now remains for me to instruct yon in the pass word, grip and sign. '"The pass-word of the present quarter is "Fun;" the explanation is "Derdtry," which will admit you into any Lodge of Odd Fello.vs in the universe." . "The grip is given, by hooking the little fingers together." "The countersign is given by partly closing the hand and placing the end of the thumb against the tip of the nose." "As you advance iuto the higher de grees of this Order you will receive the other pass-words and signs, and rind fur ther explanations of the scenes which you have this night witnessed. I will now invest yon with an apron and collar, the badges of this Order. . Previous howev er, to your taking yonr seat as a member of this Lodge, it becomes my duty to administer to' yon another solemn and binding obligation. Vou will respond, " do," to each sentence as I read it." "Yon solemnly promise and swear. that yon will never divulgo the secrets of this order to any person or iersons, nor for any pretext or purpose whatever, ex cept to oue legally qualified to receive them." "To thw I responded " do." "You solemnly promise and swear that you will vote for an Odd Fellow who may be a candidate for any olhce, in pre ference to any other man, without regard to what political party he may be attach ed." "Uo." " You solemnly promise and swear. that should yon ever be called npon to testify in court against an Odd Fellow who may bo arraigned for any crime or any purpose whatever, that von will stu diously conceal any evidence that may have a tendency to criminate him, and swear to any lie that may be deemed cal culated to clear him." . "do." "Yon solemnly-promise and (wear. that should it be deemed advisable by this Order any t:me to substitute a mo narchical for a republican form of Gov ernment in the United Stales, or to change any set of measures or officers, thit yoa will give your vote and influence for that purpose, and studiously conceal the mat ter from the public." , ' "I do." r "Yon solemnly promise and swear, that should it be required of yoa at any time to take the life of an Odd Fellow who may have divulged the secrets of this Order, that yon will punctually perform the same to the beat of yonr ability." . "No 1 wretches I" cried I. "Have yon not already extorted oaths and blasphe mies enough from me, yonr miserable victim, without requiring me to murder my fellow creatures V Instantly twenty daggers were pointed at mv bodv. and I was told it was now too late to decline, and that I must take the oath orditt , Defenceless, and sur rounded bv the instrument of death on all sides, there was no possible chance of escape. Worlds would I have given had I never hear heard of the name of Odd Cnraes. which I dared not sdeak, filled my month, and sought to be j heaped npon the head ot him who, under the garb of friendship, had bronght me to that awful place. "O !" thought I, "that I had listened to the advice of friends, that warned me to beware of secret socie ties 1 . Now I ; am roined forever I I most either die in this accursed den, un heard of by the world, or consent to bear tho mark of Cain, and become a devil incarnate 10! wretch that I am, would CONSTITUTION AND THE that I had never been born !" ' As these thoughts were flitting across my . mind, I was interrupted by the presiding otneer, who remarked, that five minutes only wonld be given me to decide whether l would lake the oath or die. Enraged at the treatment which I had received aa4fbndderig at the thoughts of the awful oatha wbil.-I- hai. .1 taken, I. determined to participate no farther in their iniqnities. Accordingly I replied that they might inflict what tortnres they pleased, but as for me, I wonld not ce"nt to sited the blood of a fellow creature; when dictated by tlxro, or any man, or set of men on earth. - It was finally agreed that I should be thrown into the dungeon until next meet ing night, and then if I did not consent to take the oath, I should be put to death. A trap-door was now taken np. A most horrid stench arose from the space below, which seemed filled with the blackness of darkness. I was now taken hy two persons dressed in black gowns and masks, and thrown headlong down among skulls, and toads, and hissing ser pents. . 1 vat tomewhat tlunntd by the fall, and awolt, finding mytelf at Vie foot of the bed, from vshiek J Aad fallen during tlte horrible dream !" I W0SDER IF SHE LOVES ME ! I waai-r ir.b torn m( I'J fin lh world to km! Far ihwi-li Srr loot, aitt hJprr "1m," Hr lip. Mill alter "No." Why sbooIJ A blutk ao wHra tra aef. If Pai HI arar bar kaarll llrr tiay haad way frtariila, whaa Wa aatlartak. to part? I waader if he lovai ae? ljt Bight wa wera alaaa. Aft I thaaalit laara ni a eaUaaw L'awaaJ ia bar toaa; Yat, tojiaf with bar eerh, I Mora Oh! nrk a hi..! aad thoafh Sha looked anatternble thing., ' '' fihm did aot bid roa go! I wonder if .lie lor, aw? t To waka her woaiaa. pride, I rei-ned to lore another, oaee - , Sha aeither .poka aor .igbed; Still, though aha teemed erootionleta, 1 watched her bine eye wall, . Aad I'm eertala thai a tear-drjf From its .ilkra huliet fell. . . I wonder If .he toret raol I'm tare I cat decide; . For aometimet het all leaderaett,. Aad aametimet tbat alt aride. la rata I qaettioa of my hope.. Mi feart ttill weigh them dowa, Siaee a'ea her tweetaet, taaaiett uaira 1. ieatared by a frowa! Conservatism or Free MAsosnr. The New Orleans Bulletin remarks concerning the Masonio fraternity of the United States : "Here is a body of men. composed of all classes and professions, entertaining every kind of opinions npon religion and politics, and existing in every State of the Union, who come together and exhibit among themselves the ntmost harmony of feeling and action. No word of op probrium escapes from the lips of any one to insult and wound the feelings of another. Ho fierce anathema of sections is heard. No extravagance is indnlged in. Everything is done decently and in order. Everything is qniet, gentlemanly, respectful, dignified. The bitterest polit ical enemies meet face to face, and yon shall never know by their actions or words that they do not belong to the sam9party. Religionists the most opposite embrace each other in the arms of an exalted charity. Fanaticism finds no entrance into the society of the brotherhood. Not a wave of discord disturbs the waters of the inner temple, no plunge into the abyss of atheism, rant, lawlessness, shocks the moral sense of mankind. No revolution ary hydra comes np from beneath to break np the foundation of order, and send the tornado over the fair face of society." It then asks why it , is the Christian chnrches do not profit by the example offered them by this philanthropic frater nity. Quoth the Bulletin : "But what Is (be secret of their una nimity, of their harmony, of their broth erly love, of the conservative front which, without a tremor, they maintain, and the general commotion, hatred and fanaticism existing aronnd them ? It is fonnd, it seems to strike us, in one word tolera tion." . :, . . - Let Them Come West. What folly to starve in the older States, when an ex change of residence to Western Iowa will surely substitute future prosperity for present destitution. From the Phil adelphia Press ws clip the following "straw" which "shows how tba wind blows:". . f .;. "A recent visit to the interior of Penn sylvania, has convinced na that the worst accounts of destitution among the sons of toil, have not been exaggerated. ' The best hands can be had at fifty cents a day in the harvest field, and those who,' last r. easilv earned a dollar rand a half per day, are now glad to work for one third the amount. Meanwhile, in the de partment of skilled labor.- everything is dull; -manufacturers are compelled to redoee tberr force or to snspend operations entirely." ' Furnaces , are closed forges stand still, the ceal trado ia stagnated, and general apathy prevail - Thees who have capital refuse to invest it nntil some thinsrv is done to etimnlate .business. Those who have no capital are in the greatest uncertainty as to the future." UNION. MARCH 17, 1859. Now 18 tub Tise to Settle is the West. Why t Because food is plenty and cheap, and may be bad for labor hence toe new comer may get a start and settlement without being relieved of his spare change. Because lands are cheap, and improve' ments may be purchased of those whose aataaaiaat-atv prompted -4kMUa to spread far beyond their means. -: They will sell cheap and content themselves with fewer acres and less speculation. Because speculators are embarrassed, and the fine lands and beantifnl sites they clutched so tightly, do not "realize" for them, and the taxes are gnawing a hole in their profits. They will sell. Because mechanics are coming from the east, and there will be less embarrassment for want of buildings. They must ex change their labor for food. Because compared with the former years, one is not obliged to forego the privileges and society enjoyed in the east Churches, schools and society have be come established. Because tho winter has been ' open. spring early ; lands may be selected and more work may be accomplished. Teams are cheaper now than they will be two months hence. Those who come first will be the first nerved in every respect. Much may be obtained for a small amount of money. Lx. Tub Discomforts of Beixo a Con gressman. The editor of the New Y'ork Tribune, who has been in Congress, in a late article, says : 'We cannot comprehend the possioa for a seat in Congress. What is it to be an honorable member ? We will tell the reader what it is. It is to live in mean hotels, and pay magnificent bills ; it is to be obliged to breathe bad sir, to sit in an uncomfortable seat, to be bored , by long speeches, to be importuned for pam phlets, to attend to the bnsiness of other people, neglecting one's ow n ; to exist in a perpe'.ual fuss at franking, to watch your district much more closely than yon watch the kingdom of heaven, to miss vonr night's rest, to be slandered, to be bothered, to be importuned, to be embar rassed, to make speeches listened to by nobody, to mail them to everybody to be read by nobody, to frank nntil your arm aches, and to miss the greatest growler in your district at last." We have one consolation for tho Tri bnne. Not many of its Itepnblican po litical friends will be afflicted by being sent to the next Congress. I he discom forts will mostly fall upon the Democrats, who, absolutely, in a great many instan ces, deserve the punishment. The Pdesidest and the Jews. It may be recollected that President Buch anan made nse of the phrase " all the nations of Christendom," in his answer to Queen Victoria's message transmitted by the Atlantic Telegraph. This expres sion gave offence to Dr. I. Kaliscb, rabbi of the Ben Jesbnrura Congregation in the city of Milwaukie, who wrote to the President demanding an explanation. It would seem that the worthy Israel it ioh teacher revolted at the assumption implied in the term "Christendom." Mr. Buch anan replied, disclaiming all intention "to Bast any reflection upon the Jewish peo ple." boch an idea, be says, never en tered his mind. It is likely, indeed, that he may have supposed this to be a Chris tian country, and that " Christendom " was an allowable word as applied to the nations of Enrope and America. Im pressed with this idea it is scarcely to be wondered at that be should have regard ed the Rev. I. Kalisch as being somewhat "hypercritical." It is a curious indica-: tion of progress and change that a mem ber of the Jewish persuasion should ar raign the President of the United States for such an offence. -V. T. Timet. - The Ukiox. Of late it lias become exceedingly dubious what certain political speakers and writers mean when they speak of "the Union being in danger of dissolution." Hon. Jo. Lane, of Oregon, in a recent letter to the Portland States man, appealing to his divided constitu ency to heal their dissensions, says : "All Democrats should bear in mind that too Democratic party is the Union." . We shall understand hereafter precise ly what is meant by the political alarm of the Union being in danger; and taking tb; honorable Jo.'s interpretation of the phrase we must admit that the danger of dissolution it imminent. The Union in this State already presents a series of beautiful dissolving views, while in the New England States it appears to have vanished altogether, or if visible, confined to fragments that cling round the walls of custom houses and post offices, like para sites to a crumbling ruin. Ex. - The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot relates the following anecdote of Senator Chesnol's wife, which furnishes a happy instance of a graceful recognition: Fifteen years ago. Major H , who was a fellow-passenger with Mr. Chesnr.t and hia wife on a homoward bonnd Enropean packet, began the recital of a story to them, in which he was in terrupted, and no opportunity occurring for iU conclusion before the .termination of their passage, the voyagers became separated at New York, and remained so until a day or two ago, when the Major waited npon his former acquaintances to welcome them to Washington. The first greetings orer, Mrs. Chesnut, with a smile of pleasant expectation, said, "AW.Mav- jnr H -, pray relate us the remainder of that story." TERHS ' 1 - THE EMIGRANTS. BT A.UCB CABEV. . Deaj yoa reatembti bow aA yoa bao taiS, Oarbag Cenha May, . "Wan tba hawthorn are bloaataaiag we than ha wad, Aad thea to tho oraMe twayf" Aad aow, aS oyer tho btUa tho peep, . Milk-wane eateC the epray, ' y Aad aadly yoa tan to the rout aad weep, Dahag Coralia May. Vfhea tho ericket chirped ia Ike hjolary Maaa, Yea cheerily eeag, yoa kaow- . mO, tor the teaaier hammer days Aad the time waea wa ahaD go!" ' The corn blade aow are aaUdiag height, While bawly rail, the erow; Aad doren are opeoing red aad white, Aad the time baa coma to go. Ta go to tho eahta oar rove baa plaaaed, ' Oa tho prairie, greea aad gay, la tba blaahiag light of the aaet laad. Darting Coralia May. "Hew happy one lira will be," yoa aaia Pool yoa remember the Jay ! "Vhea onr haad. 'shall be, a ear hearts are, wed!" Darling Coralia May. ullow sweet,"yoa saiilnMbea my work is o'er, Aad year tu yet ringiag elear, Ta sit aad watrh at the lewly door Of oar home ia the praine, dear." The roe is ripe by the wiadew aow, Aad the cool .pring lowing near; Bat shadows fall oa the heart aad brow, From the homo we are hraviag here. Gov. Wise ox Greasy Mechanics. This erratic Governor of Virginia is ex hibiting good sense in patronizing the free State Colonies of Eli Thayer, and whatever tends to promote industrial en terprise in the Old Dominion. In a speech which he made at the funeral cere monies orer the remains of President Monroe, at Richmond, he said : "It is time that Virginia was turning her attention to manufactories, mechanics, mining and foreign commerce. ' No coun try, no State can live npon one only of the five cardinal powers of production. She must resort to all tho five combined, and she is doing it. Go, before you leave here, my friends from New Y'ork, and look at the iron factories that are growing up around this noble scenery. I say that labor is not the 'mud sill' of society ; and I thank God that the old Colonial aris tocracy of Virginia, which despised me- chauical and manual labor, is nearly run out. Thank God we are beginning to raise miners, mechanics' and mannfactur- eis, that will help to raise what is left of that aristocracy up to the middle ground of respectability. I Laughter and ap plause. Look at the iron manufactories here ; look at the tobacco factory here that factory is every day stealing my life away with the very weed of luxury. 1 he uovernor cuews tobacco Ireeiy.J Something AIjoct a Pbixtiso Office. The Cincinnati Gazette now appears in a new and beautiful dress. It is and always has been one of the best papers in the Union. Long may it flourish I Wre set type on the Gazette as early as 1827, when it was edited by Chas. Hammond. The typos with whom we were then asso ciated, were S. S. and R. F. L'Homme dieu, L. D. Campbell, John M. Galla gher, Richard Disney, and Richard and W. F. Comly. All of these gentlemen are still living, -with the exception of Richard F. L'liommcdieu, Gallagher and Disnev. Mr. Gallagher was for many years editor of the Springfield Republic, snd at oi.e time, hpeaker ol the iiouse of Iiepresentitives of Ohio ; and Mr. Disney was mnrdeied in Texas, in Fannin's corn- command, by order of Gen. Fillisola. A vast number of printers have gone ont from the Gazette hive, who have become editors, legislators and lawyers. A print ing oBice is a good school to those who inprove its opportunities. IT. . P. Denny, of the Dayton Gazette. ' . s : Slavery or Nothino. "States should be permitted to choose between" slavery and freedom," is the srguroentwhich has covered with the semblance of justice the acts of the patty, at last defeated in their attempts to force a disagreeable constitu tion on the people of Kansas. It appears from a speech of the lion. W. W. Boyce, at Yorkville, S. C.. a few days ago, as it appeared last Spring, from the land bribe inserted in the Eng lish bill, that not between slavery and freedom, but between slavery or nothing. Kansas was to have its choice. Mr. Boyce said : '"Kansas has voted on this land propo sition, and refused to accept the terms offered, and therefore, remains out of the Union. This conclusively establishes the fact that Kansas is ultra anti-blavety 1 This being tbe ease, the best thing for ns ts for her to stay ont of tbe limon. tier coming in would only give an accession of strength to onr enemies. If she should stay out forever, all the better." . Congressional Si-eeches. The Wash ington correspondent of the Philadelphia Inouirer, referring to the rumors about speeches of M. C.'s being prepared by other person, draws a distinction thus : "In some cases this is done tor sheer inability on the part of the member him self ; in others from the want of time, or because the party employed is better con versant with the particular subject. Even MrJ Seward is known to' employ more than one individual to hunt op references ami prepare skeletons in reference to the subjects upon which he may desire to ad dress the Senate, and yet no one doubts his ability to do such work for himself. Some of the best speeches of last seswion were, to my knowledge, the work of oth ers than those who delivered them in (ingress. The custom is by no means nncomraon. $2.C FEB 1XXUJI, H ADTHCSV ; . 1 . i. WH0LE: NUMBER, 92 Death of ths Sisrcltor KoseSt Botx. The youngest sister of Robert Bonn, the poet, and the sole inrmiag child of the family circle of which he Was tbe elder brother, died recentlv al her eottage went Ayr. We extract the following parti en lars of her life from a well written obitn ry notice in the Ayr Observer - Isabella Burns, or, as she was mora familiarly known. Mrs. Begg, was born at Mount Oliphant. near Ayr, on tbe 29tlt of June, 1771, and had she lived till her next birthday wonld have completed Iter eighty-eighth. She was thesereath chfld and third daughter of Wm. Barns, and Agnes Brown, the members of wheea family we may mention ia the order of their age : Robert, Gilbert, Agnes, An" nabella, William, John and Isabella. About the year 1794 or 17&d aha was married at Mosegiel, Maachliae, to John Begg, who was accidently killed at Lea mahagow, in 1818, and whom- she than survived for the long period of forty-firt years. Mrs. Begg is described as bearing con siderable resemblance to her gifted broth er. Sha retained her faculties to the last? so much so, that on the Tuesday before her death, having bad some seed seat mrr by Mr. Cnrrie, senlator, in a letter from Melrose, gathered from the "Broom of the Cowden Knowes,'r bhe remarked to one of her daughters that she rued to sing that song to her own father mora thaa seventy years ago ; and on being asked by her daughter to repeat it then, she gave it wiCh all the glee and spirit she was wont to throw into her vocal snatches. Wii uam and Mart College Dbstbot- ed by Fire. We have dispatches from Petersburgh, Vs., which give the sad in telligence that that venerable institnlion of learning. William and Mary College, at Williamsburg, in that state, was en tirely destroyed by fire about 3 o'clock on Tuesday morning. Everything, mr cluding the valuable library, it is report ed, is destroyed, involving a loss of glUU.UUU. It is said there was only an insurance of 822,000 on it, making the loss very heavy. We suppose no lives were lost, as the dispatch is silent on Lbs subject. The one hundred and sixty-sixth anniversary of the date ol the charter ol William and Mary College, Vs., was to be appropriately celebrated on- the 19th of February. This College was the old est, except Harvard University, ia the United States. It was chartered in 1693 by King William III. and Queen 3Liry, who gave out of their private means near ly 2,000 sterling towards erecting tho necessary buildings. Cultimwt Putritt, February 9A. Plain Talk. The Lexington States man says that the President has appoint ed Mr. J. Glancy Jones Minister to Aus tria, to "soften bis lacerated feeling." It further says : , This is, we believe, the sixth or sev enth diplomatic mission bestowed as a reward to the Pennsylvania l)eroocracy, for their overthrow. England, China, Home, lielgium, Denmark, Austria, and perhaps another, are now the asylums of Pennsylvania Democrats. Another such rout as that they snflered a short time since, would require tho vacations of all the missions in Enrope and South Ame rica, to furnish diplomatic hospitals for the wounded in battle." In the Massachusetts State Prison Is a convict who has feigned illness for tho last seventeen months. ' During this tin be has been lying on his bock in bed, be cause, as he said, he was so weak in hia . back and limbs he could not sit op or. walk, and when urged to do so, his at tempts were most painful to witness, A few days since, be was told that bo was "shamming," and that food would not be given him nntil the officers were con vinced that such was not the case. Thirty six hours of this sort of discipline cured him, and be is now apparently as vigor- onn, strong and free from infirmity, as any man in tba institution. Democracy. John Mitchell, though: regular Democratic gnn. sometimes makes an effective shot in his own camp. Ia a late number of his paper be says : "We shall say ia slaja LngJiah, that the National Democracy is and out U a power created and held together, not ... . .. tyany principle oi act: on, out scieiy ana , entirely by money, by the traditions and tender reminiscences oWnwwy and tut its sole nse is to cover over and cooccal a rent that yawns and shall yawn sternally. This being the case, the question arises. does it pay at eighty millions ? And if ye, then whom does it pay, and who pays it ?" r ' - - r " Snn Away to DKa-ntrmox and lx-' p amy. Read what Gen-it Smith says of the present Republican party ia a conven tion of New York Republicans which convened for the purpose of proscribing InralizeJ citizens : "What a horrible record does this Tie- publican party present This miser ablo party which ba annk away to destruction snd infamy, which, when started was beantii'nl and pleasant to look upon, bnt . which has become grovelling and pois onous thronghoat its extremities Any ' honest man will be debauched by remain-, ing in it." ' ' ' ' - ' , . -; The Asia brings as a proclamation -from Uer Majesty tho Queen, forbidding the nse in future of the special services ia the Book of Common . Prayer, tor the three state holidays, known as tho "Gan powder Plot." " Martyrdom of Charles I.," and "Restoration of Charles II." i.y: Hi i Yl ',i i t i i 'IT 't 1 ' I . ir i i t.