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&f)e Kansas l)icf.
SOL. SILLER, ..... EDITOR. WEITZ CLOUD, XAXI1S: Tktniij, : : : : : Mij ltt lMt. The AnEXiTioK Question. The peo ple of Southern Nebraska here decided to elect Delegates to the Eiuu Constitu tional Convention, and are getting tbcir candidates into the field. While we hare been, and still are, in favor of the annex ation of the Sooth Platte country, yet we hare ear doubts as to the propriety of this election movement. Congress shonld have first effected the annexation. The Administration, backed by the Senate, is unfavorable to the admission of Kan 1 sas as a Free State, and she will not ap ply for admission otherwise. Any pre text, therefore, to keep ber oat, will be eagerly seised upon. If a Constitution be presented, denning the Platte as the northern boundary of the State, they will reject it on that account; and besides, the protest which Northern Nebraska would end op, would exert an influence against it. The Constitution may be so framed, that Congress mir accent it with the Platte as the northern boundary, or with the present northern boundary of Kansas, at their option. Bnt if the Nebraska Delegates are allowed a voice in the Con vention, they may possess a controlling influence, and so nue it as to make the Constitution objectionable to the people of Kansas, in ease she is admitted with out the addition of Southern Nebraska ; and if their Delegates are not allowed a voice, the people of Southern Nebraska wQI object strongly to a Constitution which they had no part in framing. Again: the vote of Lower Nebraska, .when the Constitution is submitted to Tote of the people, may decide for or against it. If their vote defeats the Con etitution, the people of Kansas will com' plain that their will has been defeated by the people of another Territory ; or. their vote decides in favor of it, and they re rejected as a portion of the new State, the people of Kansas will again complain that a Const Motion has been forced upon them, which a majority of them have re jected. Torn the subject every way, and the probabilities are, that this movement wDl only operate to keep Kansas out of the Union for seversl years longer which is a consummation not very de voutly to be wished for. The only wsy to have done the thing satisfactorily, would have been to annex Lower No braska first It has not been done, and there are bnt two alternatives to keep Lower Nebraska out, or stay out our selves. So it looks to ns ; but our foars may be groundless. We hope they are ' tW Some Kteamboatmen get above their business, particularly when they have persons to deal with whom they do not suppose to possess full purses.. On the down trip of the St. Mary, last week among me passengers was an old tier man gentleman, for many years past a resident of Massillon, Ohio, who wished to stop at White Cloud. He is able to buy several such boats as the St Mary; but being quite plainly dressed, how shonld the officers of the boat know the above fact? They did not pnt ont a pi ink for him, bnt ran close to shore? and let him jump, which he did, muddying himself considerably in the attempt, and by the hardest kind of scrambling, esca ped tnmbling back into the river. They then threw his carpet-sack out after him, bursting it in the operation. When boats accommodate their passengers in this wsy, they are not deserving of patronage. Row nt NiBuast Cm. A meeting was held in Nebraska City, a few days ' since, to take measures for securing a re presentation of Lower Nebraska in the Kansas Constitutional Convention. A row occurred, in which one man was dangerously wounded. The ringleaders were John Calhoun and Maclean, of Kansas notoriety. They are bitterly op posed to annexation, and adopt their fa vorite mode of argument to prevent it They are below par in Kansas, but had hoped to have an opportunity to play their old tricks in Nebraska. Wonder if the people of Nebraska CHy are not be ginning to regret that they invited these worthies among them ? i. Mormoks. Two hundred and seventy five Mormons, mostly foreigners, of all ages and sexes, passed up on the Wn Campbell, as deck passengers, last week. Taken altogether, they were a miserable and deluded looking set The St Mary also took ep over a hundred, last week and, in fact, nearly every boat takes some. They an all bound for Salt Lake, sad start principally from Noiras ka City and Florence. B. $ . Rrnm & Co. This firm have removed their store to Borland's new three-story brick, oa the Levee, end are oar in full blast, at their new stand. They have fast received a large stock of new Goods, and are determined not to be outdone by any establishment above St Jo. This firm is too well known, to need any eoaimendation from ns. : S3T The Philadelphia election, last week, resulted, as usual, in a Democratic rout the Opposition electipg their City Treasurer by 2500 majority, and securing a. large majority in the City Council Democracy will soon begin to think thore is something wrong ! Fjiom the Mixes SuFTEKisa ahd Octlawbt. Affairs in the direction of the gold mines are assuming a desperate and alarming aspect. We have daily reports that hundreds are retaining from their delusive search for gold, and many are experiencing intense suffering. The Atchison Champion, which has been one of the hardest laborers to get np an emi gration to the mines, and has issued sev eral numbers devoted exclusively to the subject, contains, in its last issue,, news of the very worst character, and aays that it is from the most reliable source of any news that has vet reached it from the mines. ITere is what the Champion says Mr. Tracy, the Mail Company's agent in tbis city, received a letter from J. Brownley, the route agent, dated at Lou isa, a station near Cottonwood Springs, eiehtv miles west of Fort Kearney. The letter states that Tike's Teak la a hum bug, and that the four stations west of there are foil of returning miners, x bey have no money or provisions, and are lit erally star vine. There are no provisions in the country but those belonging to the mm n .a . . Mail company, the traders in mat region bavins: none, and scores must literally perish of starvation. There have been no depredation committed as yet, bnt the employees of the Company are constantly expecting some violence. The writer says the provisions of tbo Company must soon be exhausted, but that he cannot aee men die on the prairies while there is anything to eat He closes bv stating that as he writes, the wagon snd blacksmith shop at the station is crowded with returning Pike s rashers, and asks the Company to do something to place the facts before the public, so aa to avoid the suffering and misery that must inevitably ensue. Ilia lotter we consider one of the most re liable we have seen respecting the gold region, and it gives the most gloomy ac count of affairs connected with the mines, A man arrived at this place, on Sat urday, from the mines, who brings the same news or rather worse. The roads are crowded with returning miners, ont of money and provisions, and on the point of starvation. Lawlessness reigns supreme, and theft, robbery and murder are common occurrences. He had even heard the proposition mootou, among some of the disappointed bands, of col lecting together in graet force, and burn ing some or the Missouri itiver towns which had been most instrumental in duping them. We hardly think they will take such a step ; but the effect will be, to fill the country with ruffians, who are utterly destitute, and will prow around committing depredations, as soon ss they reach the settlements. By an extra from the office of the Ne braska City Spirit of the West, we see that a men by tbo name of H. C. Car penter has been found murdered, on this side of Fort Kearney. lie was returning from the mines, snd some thirty-two let ters were found npon his person, which he was bringing from individuals at the mines, to mail to their friends. No clue had been discovered, as to who commit ted the murder, or the cause of it. Everything considered, a dreadful state of affairs exists. This has been brought about by the concentrated efforts of leech es snd speculators on tho Missouri River, who have left no stone untvrned, and have deemed no story too extravagant, to effect the object in view. They well knew, that when once a gold excitement was raised, it could not be allayed until their ends were accomplished. And they are still at it, sending out more extrava gant stories than ever, notwithstanding the destitution and Buffering existing on the route, and at tho mines. If any have been deceived into going, they cannot aay that we did it. Since the above was written, a party of returned miners, belonging to Chicago, have stopped here, and brought reports similar to the foregoing. They went out on the Nebraska City route, but met so many returning, and saw so much desti tution, that they turned back. They say that nearly the entire emigration is retur ning. At a place called Salt Creek, four hundred men had collected, who declared their intention to return to Nebraska City, and compel the merchants to take back iheir outfits, at the same prices they paid for them, or they would sack the town. On another route, it is said, five hundred wagons are returning. Another person who arrived here, the present week, reports that the disappoin ted miners are ferreting ont all persons who have written false reports, to induce people to go to the mines; and when they find them, they intend to hang them They have already killed several. This person thinks that H. C. Carpenter, whom we have already spoken of, was murdered for writing such letters. IW We see a great deal in the Dem ocratic papers, about live issues" and "dead issues." From observation, we have ascertained that a "live issue" one npon which the Democratic party can carry the day, and hold the reins of power ; but as loon as the people con demn it, and torn its advocates out office, it becomes a " dead issue," and Democracy commences clamoring for a live issue." 3 W. IL Vas Sou. This gentleman haa removed his store to the stand recent ly occupied by B. F. Boffoer 4 Co., an J is receiving a largo stock of fresh Dry Goods and Groceries. Hais determined to sell as low as the lowest, and only asks a trial, to convince customers of the fact. : - ..- ' Hon. Marcos J. Parrott has our thanks for several late favors, in the way of public documents. Avsel Watboos, Jb Sfeaketh ! The last number of the Holt County Newa contains a reply to our ankle in reference to stealing an apprentice, which reply u signed by the nsme of Ansel Watrons, Jr., individually. Now, when there are three persons equally interested in the News establishment, and oar article, if it referred to one of them, did so equally to the other two, why Ansel Watroos, Jr. takes the whole burden npon himself, we cannot divine, unless it be that be feels guilty and from what we can learn, be has cause for such a feeling. We desire Ansel, Jr., to banish from his mind the idea that we want to get np some sharp shooting between him and onrself; for this affair we do not consider a subject for sharp-shooting but we wanted aimply to say what we thought about it and we did ssy. His idea of meanness that a man is mean' who will not tamely submit to being swindled be is welcome to and he is informed thst we did make in quiries before we censured the News firm, else we had expressed onr sentiments a week sooner than we did ; for we had our snsnicions. bat wanted a knowledge of the facts before we said anything about the affair. Ansel, Jr., ssys he did not know we had an apprentice ; still, he was . . heard talking about getting said appren tice to work in his office, several days bo- fore the theft occurred. The News estab lishment paid the buggy hire, when the boy was taken from here. Ansel Wat rona, Jr., knew that the boy had been gone after, for he almott told it at the time. And if Ansol Watrons, Jr., did not know that he had treated us as meanly as mean can be, and that he deserved raking for it why did he remark, a day or two after he got tbo boy, that he ex pected the Chief would come down upon him hard? We presume that Ansol thought, all the while, that he had gotten a raw apprentice ho didn't know the boy had been working with ns yet he offered him 815 per month, if he would work for bim. Ansel, yon have got yourself into a tight place, and take rather questionable means to clear yourself of it It may be all right, Ansel ; but if we had aaid the same things that you have, in your reply, and under the same circum stances, we should have felt that we were perverting the truth sometimes called lying. Ansel endeavors to shift the entire responsibility of the transaction upon another person, and intimates that that person will give his reasons for the course he has taken. We think we are posted in every particular, and would like for that person to do ss Ansel intimates we would hsve a few plain facta to set forth for his edification. We wish it to bo distinctly understood that we hold that we have been grossly and wilfully swin died in this affair, and shall not be intim Mated into silence by any threats or inti motions of what will be tlono. We are ready to grind until the grist is finished and all we ask is, that outsiders keep their fingers ont'of the mill, if they don't went them mashed I We have facts and reliable proof to dopend upon; and while we seek no personal quarrel, yet if Ansel Watrons, Jr., or any one who is cmbra ced in his intimations, sees fit to come at us, let them come only let them be sure thst they come with fscts, which they can prove tW Another Indian fracas occurred in the Iowa Village, last week, the main cause of which was whiskey. A half Otoe who has been living in the tribe, quarrelled with an Iowa, and struck him with a war club, the sharp spike in the club penetrating his skull in seversl pla ces. The Indian is lying in a very criti cal condition. He is attended by Drs, Shreve fc Mscy, who, at the earnest re quest of the Indians, are about perform ing a surgical operation npon the wound ed head. The Otoe has vamosed. He will shortly return, whether the Indian dies or not, and with presents of a horse. or some trinkets, mske it all right again In the Leavenworth Democratic Convention, to appoint delegates to the Territorial Convention at Tecumseh, the the Pro-Slavery men had all their own way, and selected nearly all the Delegates from men of their owntripe. In Doug las County, they did the same thing; snd also in a number of other Counties, from which we have beard, we nave no doubt that the conclave locked up in Sid ney Tennent's office, did the same for this County. This is the kind of men who are to organize the Free White State" party. Can honest men trust them ? c S3F The European newa is becoming exciting, and a war between France and Austria seems scarcely avoidable. Other European nations will in all probability likewise become involved u the difScnl ty. It is a sort of " dog eat dog" affair, and to Americans, It can be but a matter of indifference which triumphs. The world wShld no be any the worse off. If the belligerents should destroy each other. JtZT Tho Virginia election comes off. next week. Ws hope to hear good news from there. If the Old Dominion gives Democracy a hard poke in the ribs. It will bars a marked effect npon tho alee dona in a number of other Southern Ststes. . ' ' SW Russell, Majors A Co. have all their wagons, which have landed here, set up, and ready for hesioess. They have also built correls on the' prairie, at the edge of the timber, to contain a large number of oxen, which will soon arrive. TsKNEsoocs lUri. Stobm. This vi cinity wss visited by a hail storm, on Sun day evening last compared with which, the one several weeks sines was scarcely a circumstance both as regard the size of the hail-stones, and the quantities that fell. Being accompanied by much wind, which shifted rapidly, it played general smash with windows, and must have done sb. VrOaf i)aBB.1 sftf atimura to gardens. In the woods, the ground wsa literally cov ered with leaves and twigs that had been hrnVftn from ttui tree bv the hail. It CUt the patent roofing to pieces on tlie City Hotel, and ruined the plastering ot the upper story, driving the lodgers out of their beds. The damage la considerable. Nearly all the window lights were broken in Pierce's Hotel. The pstent roofing oa Dorland'a brkk was also much cut up. These patent roofsare humbugs shingles are the best yet Immonse .quantities of rain fell during the etening .and night, almost drowning the town, 'lbe river 0 - haa since risen rapidly, and is higher than at any other time this year. The poet most have had reference to tins season, when he said, 'nail, lovely Spring 1 As-other Loss. The Leavenworth Ledger pronounces the meeting in that city, to appoint delegates to tho Big Springs Convention, a nszle, and doclarcs the Big Springs movement "no go The editor says he will hold off until after the meetings of tho Osawatomie and To- raniRch Conventions, and thfii go with the party that suits hira !ent. We tore a guess, that the Democratic parly will snit him best All he was after. was to divide the Free State rank ; and wvinf. lie could not accomilili thst. he o ----- has hauled off. and is now waiting lo en ter into full fellowship with the Dcmoc racy. What does the UoraM of Freedom think of this dodge on tlie part of its right hand man? The Herald now stands almost alone in tho advocacy of Big Springs. More Aboct Pate. We see, by paper- jnst received, that Henry Clay Pate, when about leaviBg Westport, on his re cent visit, stole a negro and decamped with him ; besiilee swindling persons and playing general "hob." He loft for Nor folk, Va. Officers are in hot pnrsuit of him, the telegraph has been employed, and it is said a requisition for his arrest and de livery will be sent to Governor Wise, of Virginia. Why did not Pate let ns know these things, that we might add them to his biogrsphy V We shall never cease to mourn that the great historical and lite rary effort of our Iifo has been rendered incomplete, by the mission ot this im portant event This is a world of vexs tion ! f3T The hail-storm, on Sunday even ing, was more widely extended and (lis astrons than we had supposed. We learn that a number of houses were blown down in Doniphan, and a great deal of damage done thronghont the country genorally. The steamer Emigrant, on her way up tho river, was rather roughly used. Her chimnics were terribly batter ed and twisted by the hail and wind. We presume the worst news has not yot come to hand. t3T Tlie St Louis Democrat haa come out in a new dress, and presents a greatly improved appearance. This speaks well for the encouragement extended to that sterling advocate of Free Labor in Mis souri. By its fearless course, the Demo crat has attained a circulation and popn larity equalled by but few paters in the Union. The price of the Weekly Dem ocrat is only $1 a year. fZT Peterson's Magasino, for June, has come to hand being the first June arrival, in the Magazine line. In point of engravings, and literary contents, we predict that it will be among the first The contents of this number are charm ing. Philadelphia, 92 a year. WAS Df EUROPE. . . ' Halifax, May 5. The steamer Niagara has arrived with the most alarming European news. Ans tria haa sent her ultimatum to Sardinia, demanding a disarmament and the dis penal of the Sardinian volunteers. Throe dsys are given for a reply to this de mand, and in ease of a refusal, war will be declared immediately. Eighty thou sand more Austrian troops have been ordered to Ticino. Austria, has rejected England's final proposition. The French troops are moving towards Piedmont lbe three dsys given by the ultimatum of Austria to Sardinia, would expire on Sunday evening. 24th. The English Government had telegraphed to Vienna a strong protest against the menace of . . . i , . r . Austria, wno nas repiiea.reiasingio recon sider ber action, and haa already prepared a manifesto to accompany her declara tions of war against Piedmont There wsa an active - movement of French troops for a concentration of the troops on the frontiers of Piedmont and about Toulon. The final proposition submitted to Austria by England was for a gener al disarmament to be agreed npon by the Commissioners of the Four Great Powers, including Sardinia, and for the admission of the Italian States to the Peace Congress as was the ease at Say bach. To this proposition all the povr ers assented except Austria. Great Bbitaix. The London Times on the 21st nit, issued a special edition containing the following important dis patch: Toot, April 21st Gen. Gynlai, the Austrian Commander in Lombard, haa been ordered to present the ultimat um el Austria, requiring the disarma ment and tho sending away of the volun teers; if this is refused, wsr is to be de clared in three dsys. Two additional divisions of the Austrian army amount ing to 80,000 men hsvc been ordered to Ticino. The English proposal for a Congress npon the same conditions as that at Saybach baa been refused. The London Times, adds, we nave Lreason to believe that the aame intelli gence has been received by the Govern ment A Uabinct Council was at once summoned. The English Government nromptlv telegraphed to ienna the strongest protest against tho above me nace, xue Vienna comwponucui, m mc London Times, telegraphs under date of Thursday noon, as follows: The day be fore yesterday, Austria forwarded a cat egorical summons to Sardinia to dissolve the tree corps. A repiy is w oe given within three days from the receipt of the summons and an answer to be considered equivalent to a refnssl. .Fbahcb. The rem juoniteor oi in day, says that Austria has not given its adhesion to the proposition made by England, and accepted by France, Prus sia and Russia, besides which ft appears that the Cabinet of .Vienna has resol ved upon addressing a direct communication. The Patrie, says that Gen. Maramara bad informed the French Oovernraont Dy telegraph, that tho Austrian army had made a significant move on the strategi cal line of Ticino, and he feared an attack at anr moment Napoleon held a coun cil with his Ministers, attended by Prince Jerome and Napoleon as Princes of the -. A ... see blood. Tho King of Sardinia also held a council with bis ministers on Thurs- day. The Constitutional announces that part of tho army at Paris had been or dered to be ready to march. ArsTitiA. Vienna, rnday. I lie fol lowing oflii-ial statement has been pub lished: Piedmont, which for some years past haa endanred Austria's rights, has been summoned roost nrgently by Aus tria to disarm, beside this demand ex pressly addressed to I'iedmant, Austria mdlieres firmly to the proposal of a gen eral disarmament altbimgh she cannot make that proposal subordinate to tlie summons she has sent to Sardinia. Ijonhos, Sunday, April 23. The Times says the Imperial Manifesto which U to accompany the declaration of war against Sardinia, has alroady Wen pre pared. Anstria is mistress of her posi tion and is ready by active state and deed of war to institute tho sanguinary drama upon which tho curtain is about to sine. No doubt a general movement of the French forces has taken plaeo on the en tire Piodmontese frontiers. 'Pie Eng lish Journals genorally think that the last chance of peace has . about vanished. The London Herald gives in a semi official form, specific and conclusive in formation of the movements of the French troops. It says that orders have been given for the embarkation at Toulon, of thirty thousand troops, not to sail how ever until further orders. The garrisons st Lyons, Grenoble, Bassasetan, etc., were also ordered to bo ready to march on a minnto's notice, but not to move until further instructions were given. The total French force destined to co operate with Sardinia in the event of a war is estimated at 80,000. They will be formed in two divisions one under Gen. Canvolont, and tho other, Gen. Baragnay D'Hilliers, and the whole to be nnder the Emperor in person. The British Ambassador at Turin, has returned to his post Morphy. again plnycd eight games simultaneously, blind folded, won two and tlie others were drawn, after seven honrs play. Ho was on tho eve of com ing to America. London, April 27. Sardinia replied to tho Austrian ulti matnm on the 20th, but the result hail not been developed. The Austrian troops were expected to cross the Ticino at any moment, although it is reported that the Emperor had agreed to another proposed mediation. The French troops were entering Tiod mont Great warlike activity prevailed throughout France. , England, Prussia and Russia have each protested against the conduct of Austria towards Sardinia. The report ed alliance offensive and defensive be tween France and Russia was concluded on tho 22nd ult This announcement has caused the greatest excitement The British channel fleet has sailed with seal ed orders, bnt its destination is reported to be the Adriatic, It is rumored that tlie whole military force of England is to be embodied in snticipation of that country being invaded in tho pending war. The Sardinian . chamber haa invested King Victor Emanuel, with tho powers of Dictator. Tho commanders of the French army have been announced. Pellissier is commandor-in-chief of the army of observation. The German JUiet has decided to keep the principal Federal contingent ready to march, and to arm the Federal Posts. The Indian mail had arrived at Lon don with Calcutta dates to March 22d, and Hong Kong to the 12th. Fkahce. At the meeting of the Leg islative corps, Count Walewski read to the chambers an exposition of tho nego tiation which had taken 'place, saying that if the Emperor- made war, it would be because he had been constrained to do so by the aggressive conduct of Austria. He said that every possible consideration had been raised by France to avert the calamity of war. Count Do Morrey ex pressed the hope if war should ensue, it woolibe confined to Italy: Piedmont. Despatches received at London on the 20th, stated that the Aus trian troops would enter Piedmont on that day, in three divisions. .; The Piod montese were to defend themselves at Lo ci p and there . await the arrival of the French. .. . War Sews. 8t. Jobes, N. 8. Not. 9. Steamer Adelaide arrived to-day, with dates from Galaway to the 30th nit Austrians had crossed the Ticino, 100,- 000 strong. French troops were pouring into Piedmont Tuscany bad gained the latter. The London Times proposes to give the provisions of a treaty between Prue sia and Russia, threatening serious con sequences. It is regarded as a menace to England. Rossis offers the service of her fleet to the Mediterranean and B&Ttie, and her army of observation oa (he Austrian frontier. The King of Sardinia has issned a proclamation to the army, saying that he regarded the nltimatnm of Austria as an insult. It had been enthusiast icallv re ceived, lie had gone to join lh army. Tuscany was in revolt. Tho army colled upon tho Grand Duke to join Sar dinia. He refused. The army revolted, and he fled. A military dictatorship was declared. London, April 30. Tlie report that the Austrian troops had crossed the Tici no on the 2Gth is incorrect. They had received orders to do so, but the order was countermanded, they remained on the East bank of tho river. It is. asserted that the advanced posts had been crossed, and that the main army would do so on the 28th. The Austrian official journals contain an impartial manifesto explaining the ne cessity of a war with Sardinia, and au thority denies tho existence of such treaty between Russia and France. The ship Pomona, from Liverpool to New York, was wrecked off Wexenford on the 17tb. The crew ami three of her passengers (names unknown) were saved She had over 400 souls on board. The loss of life had not been ascertained. Tho parliamentary elections had com menced, and were progressing quietly. An Austrian manifesto had been issued tantamount to a declaration of war. Latest official hostilities commenc ed. Paris, April 80th. The Austrian troops have crossed the Ticino, and have commenced hostilities. This intelligence is officially received. England is busy making warlike, preparations sending amunition to Mediterranean, Sic, dec. France. The regiments which quitted Taris for tho frontiers, were enthusiastic ally cheered by the HopItf. Tho London Post complains that the policy of tho English Cabinet had forced France into an allinncn with Russia. A despatch from lenn.i asserts that the Trench troops had already violati! the neutral territory. It was nlsoaitniHinctvl that the French troops hail arrived at Genoa, and enterod the Sardinian territory. The Imperial Guard of France had beeu placed on war footing. It is repotted that the French Minister of Mai intt has sent orders to all the seaports of France, forbidding the departure of any more boats for tlto deep sea fisheries, as a measure preparatory to enlisting thoir crews in, tbo French navy. The question of Regency of France was agitated. The Prince Jerome ond tho Empress were spoken of. ' Hnssi.i has martiallnd four corps, two of which were, to be advanced towards Austria, and the other two towards the Russian frontiers. "The London Times, speaking of tlie Russian and French alli ance, says that tbis is most startling. changing in a moment the whole aspect of continental affairs. England. At the Lord Mayor's Eas ter banquet. Earl Derby said that within twelve hours after the Cabinet knew the course Anstria had decided upon, they instrnctod tho Ambassador to protest em phatically against a step which he char acterized as precipitate and criminal. Also that on that very day (Easter.) En gland hail offored to act as mediator. He concluded with repudiating the idea that he had a wifti to side with either belliger ent, and advocated strict armed neutrality. Sir John Packington said that in the case of war, squadrons powerful enough to nphold tho dignity of England, would be found, both in tbo Mediterranean and English Channels. Old disturbances had occurred at Naples, followed Ly uuiaerors arrests. The Russian Government had resolved to place the cort iTarml under Gen. I.nders on a war footing, but not to advance so long as Germany remains neutral ; otherwise a corps of observation would be placed on a war footing. Advices from, China say that Lord El gin had sailed for England. It is stated that tho court of Pekin still opposes the admission of the English Ambassador. Austria. Tho official gazctto publish es a communication calling on Piedmont to reduce its army to a peace footing, dis band the volunteers, and in three days give an answer, threatening in cose of re fusal, a resort to arms. The French le gation at Vienna has been ordered toqnit the Anstrian Capital ns soon as the Aus trian army crosses the Ticino, which is honrly expected. New Yore. May 12. France. A minister of police is to be established, after the fashion of the first empire. Tbo French army of observa tion on tho Rhine will consist of eight divisions of Cavalry and as many of In fantry. Eight Steam frigates, filled with troops, left Toulon on the 2Gth for Genoa. The French arms, on the slope of the Alpc, will consist of sixteen divisions of In fantry ami fonr of Cavalry. The Infantry go by land. Fourteen of the twenty-two battalions of Chasseurs are to form part ol the army of observation of the Alps. Genoa is to be occupied aa the basis of operations, whonce tbey can threaten Susa, which will also be fortified and made the general dopot for the troops that arrive through tlie Alpino Pass. The French troops experienced some difficulty in cros sing Mount Ccnij. Four thousand work men were employed in cleaning away the immense masses of snow. It wss expec ted by the end of the week that 86,000 French troops would be in Italy. EaoLANn. A large operator oa the Liverpool Exchange, named Roberts, had been declared a defaulter. His liabilities are stated at 30,000 to 50,000 pounds. The Persia sailed at 10 A. M., conse quently her advices are not so late, by several hours, as the Adelaide's, but we add interesting particulars. The panic on London change is intense. Over fifty tovk brokers have failed; some quite important The London Herald asserts, on tho best authority, that a treaty was signed be tween Franco and Russia The Russians merely o 6 ered to place fifty thuosaad men as sn army of observation on the fronties of Gellicia. The Times, however, ssys, with respect to this treaty : "We feeva nothing essential to retract ' H is not in the nature of a secret treaty to be known in detail within a week after its signature, but the main facts are, we fear, beyond doubt" The Herald says, of English mediation, that further attempts appear useless. The French, it believes, are anx ious to re-open negotiations by moans of a conference between Loglaad and Rus sia, to be held daring a sort of aroistioe between the actiao. ComrrTTEO. Sam Douglas a negro boy belonging to Stephen A- Douglas, U. 6. Senator, was committed by Lax Li ndsey, Esq.. to tho jail of Warren Co , yesterday. Vkkihury Sun. ari).ngamijji93. W Thirty years ago, (1S29) NrwT; had 39 members in the Hou of RepJ, tires, and the North western States, 19. jfU the New England States send M.tnd the western, 59. New Hampshire then seat t now has only 3 members; while Illinois tkn sending only 1, now has 9 members. Tie tn sua of 1P60 will make the disparity fw than it now is. The census to be uk ttn year will show the papulrtion of the CaitM States to be over 30,000,000. tT Ex-Senator Jete. Clemens, editor of ft, Memphis Eagle, declines to be a del1(rMe the Vicksbnrg Southern Convention, hating vivid a recollection of the action of the hut ot which was held in Montgomery, (Alt.) to fc,J any deposition lo take part in the dtliben, of thia migratory body. "Called original fc, the professed purpose of promoting the powtk and prosperity of the South, it was almost i. mediately converted into a political BMdiiac, and then into an Instrument of dijunios," JT The Governor of Louisiana has the fnni sense to refuse to appoint delegates lo the Vict, burg Disunion Convention, as "leqnesttd " the Executive Committee, nndrwhoteen tk said Convention is to assemble. All tht our Golf States will probably be represented, cording to the Committee's plan, and Losisam even, by ready volunteers. r The Washington Republic says that it is reported to be a settled thing that Mr. Stmtt Gordon Bennett is te have the French Ytkw previous to the expiration of Mr. Barhaaaa'i term. He will be expected to intrigue tut B ehanan'a renomination, and, succeeding in that work for his re-election. If tht latter i aecoa plished, he will remain at Paris till 1R63. JT When Gen. Bowman ismied the Smtnam ber of the Washington Constitution ipoe the ruins of the Union, he announced: "The nder signeU has become, ly fureluur, the alawlats ewnrr of the Washington Union." The Chi. cago Times wishes t know who has been r ckatSZti the uderiigrJ or the t'i, ' It is said the old "confidence man" st Washington, indulges a strong hope of getting the thirty millions at the next session of Cos gres. He onghl to reflect that his notorioaa prototype got into the New York Prnitentiur. IT Hon. Abe Lincoln is now traversing the State of Illinois lecturing upon "Iiirehtinns.n He devoted the greater part of 1158 to deliter ing lectures upon "Conspiracies" and "Cwitpi rators," but realized very small profit. I J The Louisiana banks are in the best ena dition of any in the Union. Their eirrulatim and deposits are but thirty millions of dollars, to redeem which they hare sixteen millions of specie in their vaults. O Trie impression has obtained at Washing ton, to the no slight discomfort of tlie Admin istration, that the Opposition in Tennessee will elect the Governor, and increase their Congres sional representation. IT" Tlie editor of an Illinois paper, writing t private letter to a friend, says: "We are Repub licans, of course. Everybody who fears the Lord, and can write a legible hand triloa ra at'ay tut lis feayate, is a Republican." 17" J- R. S. Bond, editor and proprietor of tin Mcndota (III.) Press, has been elected Overseer of the Poor. He says his long experience is the printing business gives bim the most admi rable qualification for that office. IT Tlie bell swinging in the tower of St. Stephen's Chnrch, East Haddam, Conn , is over a thousand years old. It bears the date of A. D., 815 and there is no reason to doubt the cor rectness af that date. IT Tlie New York Century favors a coram tation of Mrs. Hartung's death sentence a because it desires immunity for her, but to pro tect society from the shock which the eiecutioa of a woman produces. IT Mrs. Martha Woodward, of Ohio, madt last year, three hundred and fifty gallon at wine from an acre of ground. That speak well for the productiveness of "Martha's Vine yard.? IT J. F. St. James, aa oat-and ont free toil er, has been elected Mayor of SL Genevieve, Mo. He enrolled himself under the banner of Republicanism four years ago. tT It Is stated npon what is said to be good authority, that Gen. Walker, recently eaenedel to the Catholic Church, ha determined to be come a Catholic Priest tT The Memphis Enquirer expresses th confident belief that the Opposition will gaia two members of Congress from the Welters Division of Tennessee. IT Many of the best posted politician is Washington insist that nothing can prevent lh calling of aa extra session about the Int af September. " IT Ex Gov. Bouek died at his residents is Schoharie County, cm Tuesday mornI"S l1 ult.aged seventy three year and three await- IT Letters from Utah aay that BHfht Young's health Is rapidly tiling, aoaltl" means to fly the country. tT Cot. TheophUusT. Gerard, of Clay Ct, Kj., has been nominated for Congress, by tk Democracy In the Sixth (Elliot') DM" JCT Mr. Abrams, of Henrico, Virginia, announced himself as a candidate for Coagreav on tho platform of Emancipation in Tirrim- tT It hi rumored that Rafas Cfcoate. of ton, is to supersede O. M. Dalla, Am Minister at London. ' T James Buchanan celebrated his Mrtsdsf on the 23rd ult. He confesses 68, kt h i morod to bo eight years more patriarchal. IT The Individual who oopied ths of Mrs. Sickles lbe the press was Tbo. T Meagher. - ! t. '1 : CP Gen. Jroote (ex Governor of MiaaWppU is a candidate for Congress m tho 4 was sippl District. His opponent i the Hoe. U- -Singfetoau ' - ' CT Dickens aas been engaged is writs New York Lodger. What the aeae -Dtckesw do next t ' -" ' : IT Senator Seward is siakmg j for a voyage to Europe, and will be a6 lata m the Tan. trit Is said that if Paul MorpkT date bv the Presidency, Mio Pa" ww brought oat against him. - : IT The popaUtioa of the mJ0j ereases oee million a year, or a tlaao 7- ' , ' IT Tbo city of LouUviBa ereastDg rapidly la wealth uAyty-1"' . IT A woman aas bees Indie' f Aa',' S. C, for being a eoamea aeold- IT rorter, the Kentucky giu. Is deaJ