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..... ' ' " ' ""' V ' 1 .; : ' I .071 V- . ,.-p: . v. v y -.-r t v iff -";: .-! "LER, EDITOR iSD rCBLISHER. THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION. i TERMS FEB ASSC3!, I ABTASCE." VOLUME III. NUMBER ;23,t WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1859. WHOLE NUMBER,-: 127.:. iiii ii i i ism ii i .f mi m-iii-u : m -,., a ; lii i 1 i t .stu r h' m. a - .r 8 is ath3 of imr Earainn). jy MBS. M. A. OtHlSOH. . Ofwau bwmooCnI utUft, TTbm Ik fmwr i Kiaf . Tf, H'V w" Wboac rnia takn thaaMad baaa b tl inadcr-tiatin( naihtaa Ym, Kiaf ia M cobbled jinj afianlyploaghai; - ' Kiataftacakkltkaral . Eiifarw Gf' Tall aeailowm, SaMiaf ia wkila aad (raea. TOcBauruaTXewEaftaid! Wku raMy t tkay mt tVkm tka crack of tlx raiay trabiat M crack of pioa afrea; TVkm tka arrba kaaf bifh ia Uia chioiaoy, Aai Ibt eat rai aa the hearth. Aad Ike roIIiekia( bar (nan riddle!, . WiUmaoeaebsatoraiirta. ' Aai dwr bear the fearful etoriee Tbat troabled the bi kheo t eleea. Of fkeaU teca ia Iba ealleja, - A ad HicctrM aa the decpj A tber borrt tkir wder with bafliiag, Aaa lint lBn r'ca "aei roaad, ncducetaacaaain(pipiD(. ' At the eara pope while at beaad. n the 8rrrlit of New EofUad! Of the eld Bhode Itlead ttock Bnafbt frea the EagKib fardeaa, Te roe the bad of rack ; Ai fair ai Rritaia! daefhter, A bant; aa her an; Fat fairer rada aad baaca Hare placked their fraita aioee thra. O! the rnrraaia of Near Enjland, U'iih ita'blcaded aailk aad roae! Tbrir'a a Horlt of AlbioaH on berda, Whcr-rer the g nod tree jrreare. A aleut eld Pil;riaa broafht it. Aad to cradle ita arod, be broke The orreri toil of Hartford, Br the rosta of the Charter Oak. O: the Pippiaa of Near Ea'bad! What tereraamilea tbey are, Whea their yellow coata ia lettera Tell talea at the apple bee; What roay erareka at the qaibiafa! What kiiaee ia koakia( tiaaa! Tbat aooa lead off to the paranav Uread ia a wedilin chiaae. O: tbeapnloeof New Enelaad! Thar are taaaoaa ia ever bad, Aai tber sletp ia ai Irer basketa. Or bbh ia a jewelled haad; Taer aa-ell ta delictone dreaoiinf. (hi a beaatifol erimaoo Tip, Aad taate of areutreil btiaaae Ke brer baa dared to aip. The? to te the oatbora laboda, Tlirr re te the H'enrrn wild. Aad tker tell of their rlorioaa birth-place, Te erery frolicking eki Id Of the boaie where aaea are Bobb, Aad aroaaea aa rood aa fair O! tha applet or New Enelaad! Thar are weleeaae, e re ry where! pisttHaittDnSe Purpotes of the Republican Party. KMC A SPEECH DELIVERED BT TTM. X. KV AITi. ESQ., n KEW TOBK CITY, Otf THE 3D IN8T. Now, what re the pnrposps of the Re- publican party? A little more than jhree yearg a, the first call for the ral ly of Repnhlicana under the new banner. 'ssiiea in this city. Oar citizens wWe called UDon tn enma tnrat rip.r all 'bose that were opposed to the policy of th. then Jo Mtend Slavery into the region covered hy the compact of the Mi.sonri Compro BUseU those who were in favor of re- Pairing the mischief that the violation of Jt faith in its repeal had occasioned II those that were in favor of restoring the nation from the position of the Fede ral Government on the subiect of slavery, to the principles of Washintrtnn ferson. Thesa are the objecU of the Re -I jraonea- party now; and to these ends toe been all its labors, and all its tri opbs ; and to these ends are now exer teathennited efforts of the millions of 'nsemen who have carried the Republican mj into the possession of the Govern- of 15 Free States, and who are to e possession, so we thinfc, so we hope. J we mean, at the next Federal election LM power at Washington. Great PpInse and the most hearty cheers. "v" bua outToo ncio ?Portry objecU, and that the food of - UU URRTI SB1.1 triir IhMA great party would die out, when the JPorwy excitement and the temporary m which the question was presen Psed away. I ask yon gentle Jzr 1 yoir if you think the position L C?ontry. tha posiUon of the ques 2" " n that brought us into exU- 5,Z " ieM VlUI. or less immediate tMrfan, in c now than it was. in 1856 vrr" fi -gin. that a new doctrine ait nol p&rty; ni perhaps there is ooaer or stronger cry of invocation W than that we are advocates of conjlictf' Shonta of fait t o i An rrrrprtstxbii eon Vnw tlui erroat f; of the Bute ot New York.- 'r Wm r.'T "uu iaree nearty cneers from tu o 08,r J the great Senater Sit Ute f NiV Yorkl in . public Wtea l lh cIe. the lhlt has measured his career from the time he stood in the TJnitel 8tat Senate till now, he has thirty Re publican ' Senators around him,' great cheering said that he foend there -was in the nature of man and in the formation or Society an irrepressible conflict be tween the "principles'of Free Labor and blavery I ';That was bis opinion i but not DttUthere was neecesHariiy any con diet between the States of this Union nothing of the kind ; but that there was an irrepressible conflict between the rrin ciplea that nnderline a state of society tbat rests as ours does npon tree Labor, and that which rests upon Slave Labor! That is his opinion, and I agree with him I Tremendous cheering. And now, Decause liov. sewara expressed an opinion of this kind, he is to be charged with having created and caused and irre pressible conflict. Cheers ani laughter. Now, gentlemen, I must be brief I want to know whether there are any cir cumstancea, since the organization of the Republican party, in the history of Kan sas or in the history of Virginia, to show that there is an lrrespressible counict, or that there is not ? Which do they show? Which do they show ? I want to know who is responsible for having carried this conflict in human nature, between Sla very and Freedom, into the rude shock of conflict, involving life, liberty and prop erty, among the peaceful people of Kan sas and Virginia ? Applanse, and a cry of "GidJings and Cutler." Who is re sponsible for it? Whe began it? Who undertook to conquer the nature of freemen and extinguish the fires of Liber ty, and who have burned themselves with the bursting flames that conM not be re pressed ? .Applause. Why, gentle men, it was very little matter when it was off in Kansas ; when a few people. poor, despised freemen, of the ordinary condition of our Northern life, were op pressed by Federal arms, and by Federal arts, by the Federal Treasury, by the Federal patronage, and everything in the shape of power and corruption that eonld be brought to bear npon them then it was a little thing! But we knew and we told them, thoigh they were few and feeble, though their bod ies conld be trampled under foot, and their lives extinguished, vet they would triumph over President Pierce, over the United States tlracoons, over everytliing! And why ? Because the electric spark of hnman rizht in the bosom of every feeble Kansas man was stronger bv the law of God. which is the law of all civil society, than all their oppressors, and that single electric spark was connected, by the thrillinz voice of human sympathy, with the immense battery of lo.UUU.UUU ol free minds and bodies in this country. great applanse and the culmination of tha blow wnen it snonia ne nnuea no as to tell by its force ami boldness would, he knew, sweep away from the oppressors all the n i7i nes of fraud ami force ! And the Republican party undertook the ser vice of collection -the shock, and they will pour it out next year with a power and tbat fulness that never was known before. rCheers. We have lived to see those who sneered at "Bleeding Kansas" shriek for terrified Virginia ! LoBg-con tinueiMpplanse, an! laughter, and cries of "(n on! tio on !"J vve ton mem then tiiat the men in Kansas were onr countrymen, and that oppression there rnnMmri nnr hearts as much as if it was in Westchester county, in our own State. And the Republican party has this to say about Virginia it is a part of our own country ; its name, its fame, its honor, ita nroisneritv. are as dear to us as the. name, the fame, the honor and prosperi ty of our own State of New York, in which we live. Great applause. But we must deal with facts we cannot falsify principles. Onr objects and onr purposes are to control this system of slavery, so that where the Federal power goes it shall be carried with our permission. Ap plause.! It shall not go to the regions governed by our Government, and it shall not be replenished by inportations from abroad. Lond cheers. It is an evil we will beer the burdens of that we will assist in controling ; and propose to put it where Madison, Jefferson, ana wasn- ington supposed it stood, as an evil to be deplored, and a burden to be diminished. New, gentlemen, I have one word more to say, and that is this : The Republican party is the only party tbat seems to have courage to deal with the question. . Cer tainly, all the Democratic party have to say about it is, "A little more sleep, a lit tle more slumber, and a little more fold ing of the hands to sleep : let us enjoy the power and patronage of Government, and we will postpone tue evil uay. .h my advice to the Republicans is, that, as they have undertaken . a service te the country, they should carry it through boldly; they should work together in unison and without prejudice as to any preference to this man r that man. But whoever yon c noose tor your leaaer, woo- ever be may be you will be watched carefully by your enemies ; and your en emies think they know who your leader is. and if yon desert him they will say yon are cowards and are already beaten. This the law : They who are bold, and who know their duty and will adhere to , will surely succeed. row, gentlemen, beg yonr pardon for having taken so much time. Lond and long continued pplause. Frank B. Goodrich, son of "Peter Parley.", was married to Miss . Iblu Schmidt. , ' .. -, , Poor fellow Schmidtcn in the prime XEE C0E3 HTJSXE&'g SOSCk '' BT J08N0. WHrTTlEt.. .' : ;': Aad aow, with Aetaaaa atooollt ejea, ' Cora'a karmt tiaaa ia eeeaet . . , Wa plaek away tbw floated barea, ,, . Aad bear the treaaara hoeae. 1 .. ' ..:... i i t.. I r ' .j Where the wide eld kitchen hearth Reade Bp ita earoky carta. , ' 'Vha wil aot thank tha kiadlyeartn7 ' Aad bleea oar eom.fej f irb! Let earth nrithho'J her eoodly root, t mildew blifht the rye, . Give to the woraa the orehard'a fruit. The wheat6eld ta the fly; Bat bt the food old crp adora - ' The bilk oar fitbera trad; ' Prill Vet aa for thia Goldea Cora, Pead apaorthanka to God! ' Extraordinary JJevelopmenti ! A New Manifesto from Avenue TJprao- crais Alaraaiac; Documental The following copy of the . Manifesto of t itth Avenue Democrats was found by our Keporter "lying around loose in the neighborhood of the Fifth Avenue Hotel. It appears to be intended, judging from some memoranda in pencil on the back, for circulation privately among the faith ful and is a little more strongly drawn then the manifesto published in the morn ing papers. We submit the document for the edification of the public : at AKirESTO OF THE FIFTH AVENUE AS80CIA TION OF VIGILANT AND HIGHLY RESPECT ABLE DEMOCRATS. Fellow-citirens : At a meeting of th association, held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, on the 18th inst the following resolution was unanimously adopted: Retolved, That, inasmuch as the great majority of the Democratic party are un able to read the newspapers, and utterly destitute of intellect sufficient to enable them to form an opinion on 6nbjects of vital political moment ; and inasmuch as the late terrible insurrection at Harper' Ferry affords the most delightful stock of political capital to which the Democratic party has fallen heir for many years past, it is deemed advisable to appoint a com mittee of highly respectable Democrats to collect the facts (or all that can, by any possibility, be made to redound to the glory of our beloved but decaying organization ) ir, relation to the late dread ful revolution in Virginia, and to lay the same before the public at the earliest po sible moment. In pnrsunnce of the above resolutions, beloved, your committee have procured a copy of the New York Herald, and have made copious extracts from the same; we having the most implicit confidence in the inteirrity and npriehtness of that guardian of the Democratic party. Your committee have also made per' sonal examinations of Old Brown an 1 sev eral colored gentlemen engaged in this terrible attempt to overthrow the govern ment of the United States. We have procured (through the politeness of Presi dent Buchanan) one of Jirown s carpet bags conta;ning large' quantities of trea sonable correspondence, going to show the complicity of the leaders of the Re publican party in this nefarious and shocking attempt to blow up thecoufed eracv of the States. We subjoin a few of these letters, by which it may be perceived that the or ganization for the destruction of the gov ernment embraced millions of northern men. and was only prevented from car rying out its tlpvstalin,r designs by a fortunate mistake of Mr. Brown's. Eovpt. 1839. Dear Brown : I will try and be home in time for onr little affair in Virginia. I purpose bringing a company of Zouaves to assist ns. Go on in your glorious work. I send $2. Yours. W. n. Sewnrd Clsvklv.nd, 1859 Dear Sir : I will be at Harper's Ferry with 70,000 Republicans in time to car ry out our plan. Senator Wade will shoot the President, and Grow will blow en the Capitol. It's all right. Mum's the word. Yours, J. R. G. Dear Brown : I will be on hand with Governor Banks and the Massachusetts militia. Don't be frightened. I enclose $3.' Horace G., says he won't fight. but sends a copy of the "Tribune gratis. Onto Tktory 1 j . . lours. Wilson. We do not deem it necessary to pre sent any more letters to show the tratsor- ooa desiflma of toe Keputnean party. It is a party of Blackhearted treasonable fanatics, ana it mast ne crnsnea ere it oe to late and the gloomy shades of slavery's - . - . . . , . ... night settle npon the hopes and aspira tions of our glorious iraieruuy. rui these acta are the natural offspring of the principles of that arch-traitor. William H. Seward.. Allow ns to call yonr attention to a little affair which has J . i nr i XT- lt )- not been noucea truuicivuuj. v situue to the diabolical principles enunciated by that Beelzebub in human form, the afore said Seward, in big speech at Rochester, wherein he declared that there was an "irrepressible conflict" between the North and South : that it must go on forever and rrer, or until one or the other succum bed. That the North must wage eternal war spon the South pillage, born, shoot, devastate and utterly exterminate South ern homes and families : and that slavery mnst be extinguished in seas of Southern blood.' " '- ' ; ; ' 1 :We refer yon also to the outpouring of that man of blood, Horace Ureeley, who (disseminates in bis paper the most atro cious sentiments i and ' also to those in eendiary publications, the Courier and Enquirer and the Evening Post. ; Fellow Democrats t What is the moral of all this ? It is that yon must work up into the roost available capital. ,W must triumph over the -traitorous and blood-thirsty Republican. -Need we arge npoo every virtuous ab4-rvhraindi Democrat the necessity of seeing to it that this mighty treason is crushed at once and the Democratic party restored to its proud position, from which, we grieve to say, it is somehow of late wonderfully fallen. Democrats ! Rally to support of Truth! Sec that no Republicans get their names registered if it can possibly be avoided and thus, by a vigorous effort, may virtue triumph, and freedom reign triumphant over a ransomed people. Bludgeons and whisky will be furnish ed, for the purpose of facilitating the ex pression of the popular will on. election day, on application at Tammany Hall. Kespectfnlly submitted VAN BOOZEXBERGH, Ch'n. Potifhab, Sec'y. Got. Wise and Old Brown. "Old Brown" possesses so much of the pluck, coursge and craziness that char acterizes Cjrov. Wise, tbat the latter ap pears to have taken a decided liking to the insurrectionary ringleader. In his Kicnmond speech, the Uovernor gave this portrait of "Old Brown :" "Brown was not mad, but was misin formed as to the temper and disposition of our slaves. He ought to have known that all slaves on our northern borders are held as it were by sufferance, thei own sufferance, that they can run to lib erators in Pennsylvania easier than lib erators can come to their emancipation, He was ignorant, it seems, of the patri archal relations in which our slayes ev erywhere are held by masters, and what bonds of affliction and common interest exist between them and their masters. And thus it was that Old Brown, tho fa natic of Osawatomie, and Lawrence and Fort Scott memory, who denounced the missionaries as border ruffians, became himself a border rnffian of Virginia and is now a prisoner for treason to her au thority. 'The slaves he would incite to nsurrection. ami massacre, would not take tin arms against their masters. His spears were untouched by them ; and they are themselves mistaken, who take him to be a mad man. He is a bundle of the best nerves I ever saw cut, and thrust, ami bleeding, and in bonds. He is a man of clear head, courage, fortitude, and simple ingeniousness. He is cool, collected and indomitable, and it is but just to him to say ho was humane to his prisoners, as attested to me Dy toi. Washington and Mr. alius, ana ne m- pired me with great trust in his integri ty as a man of truth. He is fanatic, vain and garrnllou. bnt firm and truthful, and intelligent His men, too, who survive, except the free negroes with him, are ike him. He professes to be a Christian, in communion with the .Congregational ist Church of the North, and openly preaches his pnrpose of nniveisl eman cipation ; and the negroes tnemselves were to be the agents, by means of arras. ed on by white comnnnuers. 1 shall go on arming and supplying ammunition to our frontiers, until every neighborhood where there are slaves has meavtiivtf ft'lf- efer.so. Virginia and other slaveholling States must rely on th-aielves. This is a very severe lessin. an l we m ist prone at once by its teachings. ' It urges upon u, stronger than proclamations, the ne cessity for thorough orginization, and the arming and the drilling of our mili tia. I shall implore the people to organ ize and take arms in their hands, and to practice the use of arms, and I will cause depots to be established for fixed ammunition along our borders and at ev ery available point." The Constitution recognizes the right of property of the master in a slave, and makes no distinction between this de scription of property and other property owned by a citizen. Drtd Scott Vecit ion. Mr. Bates thinks the Constitution does make a distinction between slave proper ty and other property, in this, that it al lows the former to vote and the latter not, and hence it is not entitled to go where other property goes under the Con stitution.' This point was not noticed in the arguments before the Court, nor in the decision. Baltimore Patriot. . . The following is reported to have ac tually occurred between Gov.- Wise and President Buchanan :. Wise had gone to Washington, to get the permission of the President for the use of the marines, to follow those insurgent who had made their escape. Mr. Buchanan inquired, in very tremnious tone, liow tar, uov- . . ... . e 11 .1 ernor, would yon lire to iouow mem i Wise gave him a contemptible look, and springing from his chair, exclaimed, in a voice of thunder, "To h 11, air, te h II, sir, if necessary J"" '. As Eiausa Dibcovebt. The En glish press is continually telling ns some thing, of which, but tor it, wesuouia re main profoundly ignorant. A Liverpool paper, commenting on the Harper'a Fer ry outbreak, solemnly speaks of "Old. Brown" as a "colored chieftain. A lady in Middletown, CU haa teflov- ered by a lawsuit 8& and costs from a fellow who dressed himseit op as a ghost, and nearly trightcnoJ her to- death. ' Tom Corwin on Popular Sovereignty, - Speaking of the unreasonableness of the popular sovereignty doctrine, he rela ted the following incident : An honest man was troubled in Ohio with a disease called hypochondria. (I believe the proper technical name is hypochondrias the gentlemen of the profession of medi cine can correct me if I am wrong, ad ded the speaker. : I do not like to make' mistakes before a very ignorant audience, because vou wonld always labor under tiiem after this.) I mentioned this case to Dr. Scott, and he told me it was very i common, and said that be bad a case of: this kind a man imagining himself pregnant. Somebody must have had just that hypochondria and thought him self pregnant with this popular sovereign ty. Well now, there was no way of cur ing that disease but by humoring the pe culiar insanity of the patient. The doc tor felt his pulse, looked at his tongue, and said, "You suffer a great deal, I suppose, my friend" . "Oh, terrible, was the re ply. "Well, friend, it will soon be over, on such a dsy you will be delivered." The doctor contrived some means of car rying on the illusion that he had practiced on the mind of his patient, in order to cure him, and caught what we call a ground hog, or what you would call a woodchuck. It is a very unseemly, ill favored sort of a beast. He took it to the house, and on the day appointed he there found him in terrible spasmodic convulsions, and in due time he "said. "There is yonr babe." Said the doctor, Don t yon feel better nowT "U, per fectly well, doctor ; this is a terrible thing, doctor, being delivered of a child." He took the groundhog in his band, and looking at it, said, "Is that it?" "Yes." replied the doctor. He (the delivered) tried to make his hair lay straight, the hog meanwhile snapping at him. "Well, said he," "it ain't a good looking baby, bnt as long as it is mine I will have to love it." (Treraondons laughter, which lasted several minutes.) My brother Democrat, said Mr. Corwin, popular sovereignty, when you come to look at him, is nothing but a groundhog. We had tried popular sovereignty. Congress had refused to exert its power over the Territory of Utah, and tho consequence was that bigamy, incest, adultery, and a fonl den of miserable concubines had been allowed to foster there, and the power of Congress was impotent to wipe that black spot from the page of our country's history. Popular sovereignty was let loose and exerted its beneficent power in Kansas, and five years of civil war had been its legitimate conscouences. Popular sovereignty prevailed in Kansas ever since 1854, and every blade of grass on the beautiful prairies that spread them selves out in that delightful country had been reddened with the blood of the in habitants of that Territory, under the protecting Egis of popular sovereignty. Congress failed to protect the people, and out of their misconduct came up the pectral image of treason and insanity poor old John Brown. That was the legitimate fruit of popular sovereignty. The speaker then painted, graphically. the present prosperous condition of the west compared with what it was before it was populated. The people of Ohio had sent him back to Congress, and by God's help he wonld endeavor to csUli- i.sh Republican principles. Col. E. D. BAxER.-Th?s eloquent gentleman, who delivered the thrilling oration over the dead body of Senator Broderick, is thus spoken of bv the Washington correspondent of the Phila delphia Press : "Don't yon remember Colonel Edward D. Baker, of Illinois, the eloquent eulo gist of Broderick ? He was an Opposi tion Representative, (when Col. Forney waa the Democratic candidate for Clerk, and defeated.) in 1849-'50. Col. Ba ker was born in England, and settled in Illinois, from which State, after being naturalized, he was elected to Congress. He fought with great gallantry in the Mexican War, and afterwards represent ed the District which had been previous ly, and waa subsequently represented by the late distinguished Thomas L. Harris. While a member of the House, his mar tial spirit and manly eloquence made such an impression, that the ladies so journing at the iNationat tiotei neia a spontaneous meeting, and presented mm with a beautiful sword. I remember, very well, that he received it from the hands of the accomplished Mrs. George Pitt, of Philadelphia. He is a man of the noblest impulses; and, although a member of the Republican party, his dis interested support of McKibben in the late canvass, and his resolute adherence to the gallant 'Broderick, will never be forgotten.' Of all his pnblic speeches, however, none approaches, in command inr and nervous rhetoric, and heartfelt sympathy, that pronounced over the grave of Broderick." . j . Jerusalem has been making rapid strides of late towards a new-born civili zation, and its progress has been watched with interest the most intense on trie pan of those who associate with the name of the Holy City ideas of the Millenium and the speedy return of the Jews. Large buildings, convents, hospitals and chur ches are rising in every direction, and thousands of Russian employees and Jews are becoming residents of the place. , LovOTtrDiRAL. Heber Kimball, ' one of the Mormon eiders, recently defined longitude to mean " a ttraigU Unt tettt tf London. THE OLD OAKEN STAFF. Ofnrhot la the aid etna thiakiaf, Aa he leaae aa hie aid oaaea ntaS? . Frees tha Mar-diy paatiaoo ahriakiaj, - - lie heeila aot tho merrr lao-h. . Bat the ream of the eld ana low. Aa he looke oe the yooef aad the fir; And hie err bead, aBOttaf aloar, ' Keepa tiaaa u the air aa eVaj plar. - teka elder aroaad hi at are drinking, V Bat aot ooo tap will he qaarT; Ofwliat l the eld aiaa thtakine. Aa ae Ir-tei on hi. old oftkea ataflf Tia aot with raia tepiaiaf. That the oU aasa heja a tear: Tie aot hli ttrenr-h declinlnr. Ho eirhe aot to liafer here. Bat lheree a apell ia the air the plat, Aad the old aaa'e area grew dlra; FjC it brinje to mind a paat May-dar, And dear frienda loet ea hiaa. The aeenea he tare hire abrinking Fr.pia the dance aad the Berry leogb, f f the calm repoe he 'a thinkiae, Aa ho leans aa Mr old oakea atalT Buchanan and Old Brown. Col. Forney draws a beautiful and perfect parallel between the offenses against the public peace committed by John Brown and James Buchanan. He says : Sir. Buchanan himself is more guilty, in a moral sense, for the work at Harper's Ferry, than poor old Brown. He was elected to the Presidency on the basis of ignoring the whole slavery question in the States and in Congress. He quickly abandoned his position, and went over, not to the people of the South, but to a few Southern extremists who suddenly conceived the brilliant idea that they could so construe the Federal Constitution as to make that compact proprio vigore establish and maintain slavery in all the publio Territories. It was boldly avowed that slavery existed in all the new States "by virtue of the Constitution." This enor. mons and abominable heresy was follow ed by an Executive policy so weak. shiftless and time-serving, as to impair the confidence of the country in the in tegrity and capacity of the President, and convict him of a deliberate attempt to use his constitutional powers to propagate the institution of slavery, not only in op position to, but in contempt of the peo ple. Had Mr. Buchanan pursued the course marked out in in his election, and indicated by every sonse of patriotism and fair dsaling, there would have been no Harper's Ferry escapade ; no capture. by a handful of men, of a town of three thousand inhabitants ; no arrest of guilty parties; and the Government of irgmia might have been spared the intense mor tification of vindicating her honor under circumstances so equivocal and unseemly as those attending this whole affair. Upon Mr. Buchanan rests the chief responsi bility of this unfortunate state of things. His is the moral guilt, while tho legal responsibility falls unon a man honest and brave, but too weak to appreciate either the true nature of the offense or the source of the guilt. Attempt to carry slavery into the milst of a hostile local opinion, is of tho same character as that of John Brown to secure freedom to a people who would have none of it. If it was right ia James Buchanan to force slavery upen a people, it was right for John Brown to force free- dom upon the South, lheir authority. nntciil. nf tlin I iw mrm rtraiiaaTv f tiA .ariia Jt is nnfl)rtnrute Ut jIr !,:,, ba(, not possessed the honesty of purpose of poor old Brown. It would have saved the credit of the Administration, and probably the life of that crazy and delu ded agitator. The Lonisvilie Journal, noticing some of the fanatical attempts of Democratic journals to make the Republican party responsible, for the huibuster foray of " Osawatomie" Brown, ssys : " We sincerely believe that such arti cles as the above are mors prejudicial to the interests of the South and the stabili ty of the Union, than all the mad at tempts of Brown and his rsgamufSn crew." The California correspondent of the St. Louis Democrat, says of Mr. Greeley : ' While he was in the conntry, the miners and citizens, between them, cut off the buttons of his old white eoat as trophies, and in some places through which he has passed, they adorn the pub lie bar rooms ! Ye Godsl think of that! Relies of Horace Greeley, the temperance advocate, decking a dram shop I Wesbb the Shoe Precnes. An old Whig, who now votes the Buchanan ticket, said, the other day : " My acquaintances sometimes wonder how I, who have always fought against the Democratic party, can now vote with it ; but I can tell them that voting the ticket isn't the greatest difficulty. It is mixing with tha men that X find the har dest work." ; - RdTHca Hasd The Chariestown cor respondent of the New York Tribune says: "I am sorry to say that Mr. Brown's little property ia seriously diminished by Mr. Griswold. the lawyer from Ohio, who received 8250 from his client for de fending him." If this k true, according to CapL Brown's own statement, Mr. Griswold got Mr. Brown's last copper. The Virginians are afraid of a camera, and won't allow one to be taken into the jail, for the purpose of taking old Brown's likeness. Perhaps they axe afraid it will take off the old man. Down with tha Agitators. ' v ' Who are the agitators of the slavery . question? To answer tru! vr let ns look at) the record of the past. ";. For tho avowed purpose of increasing' the number of Slave States, so as to pre-, serve the balance of power, (as Mr. Cal honn called it.) TTexss was annexed to' this country. For the same purpose'1 war was made with ' Mexico. - History" will record the facts, and posterity mnst determine the justice auJ humanity of. that war. As "indemnity for the past and securi ty for the future," we annexed a large portion of Mexico to our already extend-' .1 i:..,: nM,: !... ,1.. .. vi iimiu. a. uio uiwipiiiup lieu iuuiiii f of the question, whether or not alaveryv shoWld be exclnded from this territory while under Congressional control. ' ' The whole people of the free States, ' without regard to party, said that Cone gress ought to exclude it. This express-. ion was given by every Legislature of every frea State. The Southern people said that, inasmuch as the territory had 1 been acquired by the ''common blood and common treasure," they regarded it . as unfair that they and their sltfvesshonM be thus excluded. ' ' : - In 1350. the patriots of all sections in Congress, enacted certain laws, each, section yielding somewhat of their pecu liar notions, for tho purpose of promoting concord and harmony. It was conten ded by Mr. Clay (the wisest statesman ' that this country ever produced) that aa a Mexico had abolished slavery in thecoun . try acquired by ns, it could not exist,. . unices authorized by positive constitution al sanction when State governments earns ; to be formed. This was acquiesced in by all parties. The territories of Utah and hew Men- co wertTorganized without the restriction, because regarded as unnecessary for their protection against the advance of slavery. ' The agitation of the slavery question ceased. All was harmony and peace. , There existed no sectional enmity or strife because of adverse interests on the most ! nnfortnnnte and perplexing question. In 1854. in an evil hour, and, we fear, ; to promote the unholy ambition of a sin gle man, the slavery question was forced upon the country, by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. This made Kan sas the battle-field npon which was fought'" out the question whether slavery should exist there or not. It is not necessary to refcr to the horrible details of that strug gle. They are fresh in the remembrance of all. We appeal to all honest and candid ' men to say if we have not stated tbe truth in regard to this matter. Now . comes the questions, "Who annexed Tex as? Who ma le war with Mexico ? Who repealed the Missouri Compromise ? No one will dispute the answer "The Dem ocratic party." If, then, these canses produced tho agi tation of the slavery question, and none dare deny it, the Democratic party are , responsible before the country for all the , bitterness and sectional strife which now . so unhappily exist among ns. Now if, ' as is contended, the horrors of Harper's Ferry are the result of the agitation of tha lavery question, npon the heads of the . leaders of that party must forever rest the responsibility. From their hands drip' f the blood of tlie poor deluded wretches ' who were slain in tbe inssne attempt to liberate those who asked no help. is it not time tbat the true patriots of all sections arise in their might and hurl from power those who have brought thia dire calamity upon the country? Let us go back to the policy pursued ' by tho father of onr Republic. . In tbe langnage of the eloquent Corwin, "Let us stand in company with the mists of the ' ' Jordan over which they passed, their :' garments purple with the waters of tbe . Red Sea, though which they led us of old, to the land of promise. With them , to point the way, however dark the pres ent, Hope shines on the future, and. dis cerning their foot-prints in onr path, let' ns tread it with unfaltering trust." Indi' anapolit Adat. ; Prentice says that if Mr. Buchanan rev solves to submit his nama to the Charles-, ton Convention, he will bring tbe same kind of a recommendation tbat a son of Erin once did. " Paddy, do yon know how to drive?" said a traveller to the Pbaitoa of a jaunting ear. .'' Sure I do ; . wasn't it I that upset yer honor in a . diteh, two year ago ? The principle, under oar political jt .' tern, is that every distinct political com munity, loyal to the Constitution and Union, is entitled to all the rights, privi- . leges and immunities of self-government ia respect to their local concerns and in ternal policy, subject only to the Consti tution of the United States. Sltphen A. Dogla$. - The editor of the Pennsylvanitn baa an article on "The Duty of Democrat ia the Future. ' Judging from tha ga thering portents in the political heavens, we think tha supreme duty of Demoerata in the future will be resignation. LoU tilt Journal. - - - Mr. Douglaa ha lost hi only 8outh Carolina organ. The Edgefield Adver tiser, which has hitherto advocated hi nomination, say his article' in Harpers Magazine render it impossible for tha South to support him. - , , , ,,, ,, An old m An in Indiana; recently eow-' hided his daughter nineteen yean of ag for wearing hoopa. I of life. Exchange.