OCR Interpretation


White Cloud Kansas chief. [volume] (White Cloud, Kan.) 1857-1872, December 15, 1859, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015486/1859-12-15/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

., ... ... . vi ... ' . -
..... ' ' " ' ""' V ' 1 .; : ' I .071 V- . ,.-p: . v. v
y -.-r t v
iff -";:
.-!
"LER, EDITOR iSD rCBLISHER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
i TERMS FEB ASSC3!, I ABTASCE."
VOLUME III. NUMBER ;23,t
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1859.
WHOLE NUMBER,-: 127.:.
iiii ii i i ism ii i .f mi m-iii-u : m -,., a ; lii i 1 i t .stu r h' m. a - .r
8
is
ath3 of imr Earainn).
jy MBS. M. A. OtHlSOH. .
Ofwau bwmooCnI utUft,
TTbm Ik fmwr i Kiaf .
Tf, H'V w"
Wboac rnia takn thaaMad baaa
b tl inadcr-tiatin( naihtaa
Ym, Kiaf ia M cobbled
jinj afianlyploaghai; - '
Kiataftacakkltkaral .
Eiifarw Gf' Tall aeailowm,
SaMiaf ia wkila aad (raea.
TOcBauruaTXewEaftaid!
Wku raMy t tkay mt
tVkm tka crack of tlx raiay trabiat
M crack of pioa afrea;
TVkm tka arrba kaaf bifh ia Uia chioiaoy,
Aai Ibt eat rai aa the hearth.
Aad Ike roIIiekia( bar (nan riddle!, .
WiUmaoeaebsatoraiirta. '
Aai dwr bear the fearful etoriee
Tbat troabled the bi kheo t eleea.
Of fkeaU teca ia Iba ealleja, -
A ad HicctrM aa the decpj
A tber borrt tkir wder with bafliiag,
Aaa lint lBn r'ca "aei roaad,
ncducetaacaaain(pipiD(. '
At the eara pope while at beaad.
n the 8rrrlit of New EofUad!
Of the eld Bhode Itlead ttock
Bnafbt frea the EagKib fardeaa,
Te roe the bad of rack ;
Ai fair ai Rritaia! daefhter,
A bant; aa her an;
Fat fairer rada aad baaca
Hare placked their fraita aioee thra.
O! the rnrraaia of Near Enjland,
U'iih ita'blcaded aailk aad roae!
Tbrir'a a Horlt of AlbioaH on berda,
Whcr-rer the g nod tree jrreare.
A aleut eld Pil;riaa broafht it.
Aad to cradle ita arod, be broke
The orreri toil of Hartford,
Br the rosta of the Charter Oak.
O: the Pippiaa of Near Ea'bad!
What tereraamilea tbey are,
Whea their yellow coata ia lettera
Tell talea at the apple bee;
What roay erareka at the qaibiafa!
What kiiaee ia koakia( tiaaa!
Tbat aooa lead off to the paranav
Uread ia a wedilin chiaae.
O: tbeapnloeof New Enelaad!
Thar are taaaoaa ia ever bad,
Aai tber sletp ia ai Irer basketa.
Or bbh ia a jewelled haad;
Taer aa-ell ta delictone dreaoiinf.
(hi a beaatifol erimaoo Tip,
Aad taate of areutreil btiaaae
Ke brer baa dared to aip.
The? to te the oatbora laboda,
Tlirr re te the H'enrrn wild.
Aad tker tell of their rlorioaa birth-place,
Te erery frolicking eki Id
Of the boaie where aaea are Bobb,
Aad aroaaea aa rood aa fair
O! tha applet or New Enelaad!
Thar are weleeaae, e re ry where!
pisttHaittDnSe
Purpotes of the Republican Party.
KMC A SPEECH DELIVERED BT TTM. X. KV
AITi. ESQ., n KEW TOBK CITY, Otf
THE 3D IN8T.
Now, what re the pnrposps of the Re-
publican party? A little more than
jhree yearg a, the first call for the ral
ly of Repnhlicana under the new banner.
'ssiiea in this city. Oar citizens
wWe called UDon tn enma tnrat rip.r all
'bose that were opposed to the policy of
th. then
Jo Mtend Slavery into the region covered
hy the compact of the Mi.sonri Compro
BUseU those who were in favor of re-
Pairing the mischief that the violation of
Jt faith in its repeal had occasioned
II those that were in favor of restoring
the nation from the position of the Fede
ral Government on the subiect of slavery,
to the principles of Washintrtnn
ferson. Thesa are the objecU of the Re -I
jraonea- party now; and to these ends
toe been all its labors, and all its tri
opbs ; and to these ends are now exer
teathennited efforts of the millions of
'nsemen who have carried the Republican
mj into the possession of the Govern-
of 15 Free States, and who are to
e possession, so we thinfc, so we hope.
J we mean, at the next Federal election
LM power at Washington. Great
PpInse and the most hearty cheers.
"v" bua outToo ncio
?Portry objecU, and that the food of
- UU URRTI SB1.1 triir IhMA
great party would die out, when the
JPorwy excitement and the temporary
m which the question was presen
Psed away. I ask yon gentle
Jzr 1 yoir if you think the position
L C?ontry. tha posiUon of the ques
2" " n that brought us into exU-
5,Z " ieM VlUI. or less immediate
tMrfan,
in
c now than it was. in
1856
vrr" fi -gin. that a new doctrine
ait
nol p&rty; ni perhaps there is
ooaer or stronger cry of invocation
W than that we are advocates of
conjlictf' Shonta of
fait t o i An rrrrprtstxbii eon
Vnw tlui erroat
f;
of the Bute ot New York.-
'r Wm r.'T "uu iaree nearty cneers
from tu o 08,r J the great Senater
Sit Ute f NiV Yorkl in . public
Wtea l lh cIe. the
lhlt has measured his career
from the time he stood in the TJnitel
8tat Senate till now, he has thirty Re
publican ' Senators around him,' great
cheering said that he foend there -was
in the nature of man and in the formation
or Society an irrepressible conflict be
tween the "principles'of Free Labor and
blavery I ';That was bis opinion i but
not DttUthere was neecesHariiy any con
diet between the States of this Union
nothing of the kind ; but that there was
an irrepressible conflict between the rrin
ciplea that nnderline a state of society
tbat rests as ours does npon tree Labor,
and that which rests upon Slave Labor!
That is his opinion, and I agree with
him I Tremendous cheering. And
now, Decause liov. sewara expressed an
opinion of this kind, he is to be charged
with having created and caused and irre
pressible conflict. Cheers ani laughter.
Now, gentlemen, I must be brief I
want to know whether there are any cir
cumstancea, since the organization of the
Republican party, in the history of Kan
sas or in the history of Virginia, to show
that there is an lrrespressible counict, or
that there is not ? Which do they show?
Which do they show ? I want to know
who is responsible for having carried this
conflict in human nature, between Sla
very and Freedom, into the rude shock of
conflict, involving life, liberty and prop
erty, among the peaceful people of Kan
sas and Virginia ? Applanse, and a cry
of "GidJings and Cutler." Who is re
sponsible for it? Whe began it?
Who undertook to conquer the nature of
freemen and extinguish the fires of Liber
ty, and who have burned themselves with
the bursting flames that conM not be re
pressed ? .Applause. Why, gentle
men, it was very little matter when it
was off in Kansas ; when a few people.
poor, despised freemen, of the ordinary
condition of our Northern life, were op
pressed by Federal arms, and by Federal
arts, by the Federal Treasury, by the
Federal patronage, and everything in the
shape of power and corruption that
eonld be brought to bear npon them
then it was a little thing! But we
knew and we told them, thoigh they
were few and feeble, though their bod
ies conld be trampled under foot, and
their lives extinguished, vet they would
triumph over President Pierce, over the
United States tlracoons, over everytliing!
And why ? Because the electric spark of
hnman rizht in the bosom of every feeble
Kansas man was stronger bv the law of
God. which is the law of all civil society,
than all their oppressors, and that single
electric spark was connected, by the
thrillinz voice of human sympathy, with
the immense battery of lo.UUU.UUU ol
free minds and bodies in this country.
great applanse and the culmination of
tha blow wnen it snonia ne nnuea no
as to tell by its force ami boldness would,
he knew, sweep away from the oppressors
all the n i7i nes of fraud ami force ! And
the Republican party undertook the ser
vice of collection -the shock, and they
will pour it out next year with a power
and tbat fulness that never was known
before. rCheers. We have lived to see
those who sneered at "Bleeding Kansas"
shriek for terrified Virginia ! LoBg-con
tinueiMpplanse, an! laughter, and cries
of "(n on! tio on !"J vve ton mem
then tiiat the men in Kansas were onr
countrymen, and that oppression there
rnnMmri nnr hearts as much as if it was
in Westchester county, in our own State.
And the Republican party has this to say
about Virginia it is a part of our own
country ; its name, its fame, its honor,
ita nroisneritv. are as dear to us as the.
name, the fame, the honor and prosperi
ty of our own State of New York, in
which we live. Great applause. But
we must deal with facts we cannot falsify
principles. Onr objects and onr purposes
are to control this system of slavery, so
that where the Federal power goes it shall
be carried with our permission. Ap
plause.! It shall not go to the regions
governed by our Government, and it shall
not be replenished by inportations from
abroad. Lond cheers. It is an evil
we will beer the burdens of that we will
assist in controling ; and propose to put
it where Madison, Jefferson, ana wasn-
ington supposed it stood, as an evil to be
deplored, and a burden to be diminished.
New, gentlemen, I have one word more
to say, and that is this : The Republican
party is the only party tbat seems to have
courage to deal with the question. . Cer
tainly, all the Democratic party have to
say about it is, "A little more sleep, a lit
tle more slumber, and a little more fold
ing of the hands to sleep : let us enjoy
the power and patronage of Government,
and we will postpone tue evil uay. .h
my advice to the Republicans is, that, as
they have undertaken . a service te the
country, they should carry it through
boldly; they should work together in
unison and without prejudice as to any
preference to this man r that man. But
whoever yon c noose tor your leaaer, woo-
ever be may be you will be watched
carefully by your enemies ; and your en
emies think they know who your leader
is. and if yon desert him they will say
yon are cowards and are already beaten.
This the law : They who are bold, and
who know their duty and will adhere to
, will surely succeed. row, gentlemen,
beg yonr pardon for having taken so
much time. Lond and long continued
pplause.
Frank B. Goodrich, son of "Peter
Parley.", was married to Miss . Iblu
Schmidt. , ' .. -,
, Poor fellow Schmidtcn in the prime
XEE C0E3 HTJSXE&'g SOSCk
'' BT J08N0. WHrTTlEt.. .' : ;':
Aad aow, with Aetaaaa atooollt ejea,
' Cora'a karmt tiaaa ia eeeaet
. . , Wa plaek away tbw floated barea, ,, .
Aad bear the treaaara hoeae. 1
.. ' ..:... i i t.. I r '
.j Where the wide eld kitchen hearth
Reade Bp ita earoky carta. , '
'Vha wil aot thank tha kiadlyeartn7 '
Aad bleea oar eom.fej f irb!
Let earth nrithho'J her eoodly root,
t mildew blifht the rye, .
Give to the woraa the orehard'a fruit.
The wheat6eld ta the fly;
Bat bt the food old crp adora
- ' The bilk oar fitbera trad; '
Prill Vet aa for thia Goldea Cora,
Pead apaorthanka to God! '
Extraordinary JJevelopmenti !
A New Manifesto from Avenue TJprao-
crais Alaraaiac; Documental
The following copy of the . Manifesto
of t itth Avenue Democrats was found by
our Keporter "lying around loose in the
neighborhood of the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
It appears to be intended, judging from
some memoranda in pencil on the back,
for circulation privately among the faith
ful and is a little more strongly drawn
then the manifesto published in the morn
ing papers. We submit the document
for the edification of the public :
at AKirESTO OF THE FIFTH AVENUE AS80CIA
TION OF VIGILANT AND HIGHLY RESPECT
ABLE DEMOCRATS.
Fellow-citirens : At a meeting of th
association, held at the Fifth Avenue
Hotel, on the 18th inst the following
resolution was unanimously adopted:
Retolved, That, inasmuch as the great
majority of the Democratic party are un
able to read the newspapers, and utterly
destitute of intellect sufficient to enable
them to form an opinion on 6nbjects of
vital political moment ; and inasmuch as
the late terrible insurrection at Harper'
Ferry affords the most delightful stock of
political capital to which the Democratic
party has fallen heir for many years past,
it is deemed advisable to appoint a com
mittee of highly respectable Democrats
to collect the facts (or all that can, by
any possibility, be made to redound to
the glory of our beloved but decaying
organization ) ir, relation to the late dread
ful revolution in Virginia, and to lay the
same before the public at the earliest po
sible moment.
In pnrsunnce of the above resolutions,
beloved, your committee have procured a
copy of the New York Herald, and have
made copious extracts from the same; we
having the most implicit confidence in
the inteirrity and npriehtness of that
guardian of the Democratic party.
Your committee have also made per'
sonal examinations of Old Brown an 1 sev
eral colored gentlemen engaged in this
terrible attempt to overthrow the govern
ment of the United States. We have
procured (through the politeness of Presi
dent Buchanan) one of Jirown s carpet
bags conta;ning large' quantities of trea
sonable correspondence, going to show
the complicity of the leaders of the Re
publican party in this nefarious and
shocking attempt to blow up thecoufed
eracv of the States.
We subjoin a few of these letters, by
which it may be perceived that the or
ganization for the destruction of the gov
ernment embraced millions of northern
men. and was only prevented from car
rying out its tlpvstalin,r designs by a
fortunate mistake of Mr. Brown's.
Eovpt. 1839.
Dear Brown : I will try and be home
in time for onr little affair in Virginia.
I purpose bringing a company of Zouaves
to assist ns. Go on in your glorious
work. I send $2.
Yours. W. n. Sewnrd
Clsvklv.nd, 1859
Dear Sir : I will be at Harper's Ferry
with 70,000 Republicans in time to car
ry out our plan. Senator Wade will
shoot the President, and Grow will blow
en the Capitol. It's all right. Mum's
the word.
Yours, J. R. G.
Dear Brown : I will be on hand with
Governor Banks and the Massachusetts
militia. Don't be frightened. I enclose
$3.' Horace G., says he won't fight.
but sends a copy of the "Tribune gratis.
Onto Tktory 1
j . . lours. Wilson.
We do not deem it necessary to pre
sent any more letters to show the tratsor-
ooa desiflma of toe Keputnean party.
It is a party of Blackhearted treasonable
fanatics, ana it mast ne crnsnea ere it oe
to late and the gloomy shades of slavery's
- . - . . . , . ...
night settle npon the hopes and aspira
tions of our glorious iraieruuy. rui
these acta are the natural offspring
of the principles of that arch-traitor.
William H. Seward.. Allow ns to call
yonr attention to a little affair which has
J . i nr i XT- lt )-
not been noucea truuicivuuj. v situue
to the diabolical principles enunciated by
that Beelzebub in human form, the afore
said Seward, in big speech at Rochester,
wherein he declared that there was an
"irrepressible conflict" between the North
and South : that it must go on forever
and rrer, or until one or the other succum
bed. That the North must wage eternal
war spon the South pillage, born, shoot,
devastate and utterly exterminate South
ern homes and families : and that slavery
mnst be extinguished in seas of Southern
blood.' " '- ' ; ; ' 1
:We refer yon also to the outpouring of
that man of blood, Horace Ureeley, who
(disseminates in bis paper the most atro
cious sentiments i and ' also to those in
eendiary publications, the Courier and
Enquirer and the Evening Post. ;
Fellow Democrats t What is the moral
of all this ? It is that yon must work
up into the roost available capital. ,W
must triumph over the -traitorous and
blood-thirsty Republican. -Need we arge
npoo every virtuous ab4-rvhraindi
Democrat the necessity of seeing to it
that this mighty treason is crushed at
once and the Democratic party restored to
its proud position, from which, we grieve
to say, it is somehow of late wonderfully
fallen.
Democrats ! Rally to support of Truth!
Sec that no Republicans get their names
registered if it can possibly be avoided
and thus, by a vigorous effort, may virtue
triumph, and freedom reign triumphant
over a ransomed people.
Bludgeons and whisky will be furnish
ed, for the purpose of facilitating the ex
pression of the popular will on. election
day, on application at Tammany Hall.
Kespectfnlly submitted
VAN BOOZEXBERGH, Ch'n.
Potifhab, Sec'y.
Got. Wise and Old Brown.
"Old Brown" possesses so much of the
pluck, coursge and craziness that char
acterizes Cjrov. Wise, tbat the latter ap
pears to have taken a decided liking to
the insurrectionary ringleader. In his
Kicnmond speech, the Uovernor gave
this portrait of "Old Brown :"
"Brown was not mad, but was misin
formed as to the temper and disposition
of our slaves. He ought to have known
that all slaves on our northern borders
are held as it were by sufferance, thei
own sufferance, that they can run to lib
erators in Pennsylvania easier than lib
erators can come to their emancipation,
He was ignorant, it seems, of the patri
archal relations in which our slayes ev
erywhere are held by masters, and what
bonds of affliction and common interest
exist between them and their masters.
And thus it was that Old Brown, tho fa
natic of Osawatomie, and Lawrence and
Fort Scott memory, who denounced the
missionaries as border ruffians, became
himself a border rnffian of Virginia and
is now a prisoner for treason to her au
thority. 'The slaves he would incite to
nsurrection. ami massacre, would not
take tin arms against their masters. His
spears were untouched by them ; and
they are themselves mistaken, who take
him to be a mad man. He is a bundle of
the best nerves I ever saw cut, and
thrust, ami bleeding, and in bonds. He
is a man of clear head, courage, fortitude,
and simple ingeniousness. He is cool,
collected and indomitable, and it is but
just to him to say ho was humane to his
prisoners, as attested to me Dy toi.
Washington and Mr. alius, ana ne m-
pired me with great trust in his integri
ty as a man of truth. He is fanatic, vain
and garrnllou. bnt firm and truthful, and
intelligent His men, too, who survive,
except the free negroes with him, are
ike him. He professes to be a Christian,
in communion with the .Congregational
ist Church of the North, and openly
preaches his pnrpose of nniveisl eman
cipation ; and the negroes tnemselves
were to be the agents, by means of arras.
ed on by white comnnnuers. 1 shall go
on arming and supplying ammunition to
our frontiers, until every neighborhood
where there are slaves has meavtiivtf ft'lf-
efer.so. Virginia and other slaveholling
States must rely on th-aielves. This is
a very severe lessin. an l we m ist prone
at once by its teachings. ' It urges upon
u, stronger than proclamations, the ne
cessity for thorough orginization, and
the arming and the drilling of our mili
tia. I shall implore the people to organ
ize and take arms in their hands, and
to practice the use of arms, and I will
cause depots to be established for fixed
ammunition along our borders and at ev
ery available point."
The Constitution recognizes the right
of property of the master in a slave, and
makes no distinction between this de
scription of property and other property
owned by a citizen. Drtd Scott Vecit
ion. Mr. Bates thinks the Constitution does
make a distinction between slave proper
ty and other property, in this, that it al
lows the former to vote and the latter
not, and hence it is not entitled to go
where other property goes under the Con
stitution.' This point was not noticed in
the arguments before the Court, nor in
the decision. Baltimore Patriot. . .
The following is reported to have ac
tually occurred between Gov.- Wise and
President Buchanan :. Wise had gone to
Washington, to get the permission of the
President for the use of the marines, to
follow those insurgent who had made
their escape. Mr. Buchanan inquired, in
very tremnious tone, liow tar, uov-
. . ... . e 11 .1
ernor, would yon lire to iouow mem i
Wise gave him a contemptible look, and
springing from his chair, exclaimed, in a
voice of thunder, "To h 11, air, te h II,
sir, if necessary J"" '.
As Eiausa Dibcovebt. The En
glish press is continually telling ns some
thing, of which, but tor it, wesuouia re
main profoundly ignorant. A Liverpool
paper, commenting on the Harper'a Fer
ry outbreak, solemnly speaks of "Old.
Brown" as a "colored chieftain.
A lady in Middletown, CU haa teflov-
ered by a lawsuit 8& and costs from a
fellow who dressed himseit op as a ghost,
and nearly trightcnoJ her to- death. '
Tom Corwin on Popular Sovereignty,
- Speaking of the unreasonableness of
the popular sovereignty doctrine, he rela
ted the following incident : An honest
man was troubled in Ohio with a disease
called hypochondria. (I believe the
proper technical name is hypochondrias
the gentlemen of the profession of medi
cine can correct me if I am wrong, ad
ded the speaker. : I do not like to make'
mistakes before a very ignorant audience,
because vou wonld always labor under
tiiem after this.) I mentioned this case
to Dr. Scott, and he told me it was very i
common, and said that be bad a case of:
this kind a man imagining himself
pregnant. Somebody must have had
just that hypochondria and thought him
self pregnant with this popular sovereign
ty. Well now, there was no way of cur
ing that disease but by humoring the pe
culiar insanity of the patient. The doc
tor felt his pulse, looked at his tongue, and
said, "You suffer a great deal, I suppose,
my friend" . "Oh, terrible, was the re
ply. "Well, friend, it will soon be over,
on such a dsy you will be delivered."
The doctor contrived some means of car
rying on the illusion that he had practiced
on the mind of his patient, in order to
cure him, and caught what we call a
ground hog, or what you would call a
woodchuck. It is a very unseemly, ill
favored sort of a beast. He took it to
the house, and on the day appointed he
there found him in terrible spasmodic
convulsions, and in due time he "said.
"There is yonr babe." Said the doctor,
Don t yon feel better nowT "U, per
fectly well, doctor ; this is a terrible
thing, doctor, being delivered of a child."
He took the groundhog in his band, and
looking at it, said, "Is that it?" "Yes."
replied the doctor. He (the delivered)
tried to make his hair lay straight, the
hog meanwhile snapping at him. "Well,
said he," "it ain't a good looking baby,
bnt as long as it is mine I will have to
love it." (Treraondons laughter, which
lasted several minutes.) My brother
Democrat, said Mr. Corwin, popular
sovereignty, when you come to look at
him, is nothing but a groundhog. We
had tried popular sovereignty. Congress
had refused to exert its power over the
Territory of Utah, and tho consequence
was that bigamy, incest, adultery, and a
fonl den of miserable concubines had
been allowed to foster there, and the
power of Congress was impotent to wipe
that black spot from the page of our
country's history. Popular sovereignty
was let loose and exerted its beneficent
power in Kansas, and five years of civil
war had been its legitimate conscouences.
Popular sovereignty prevailed in Kansas
ever since 1854, and every blade of grass
on the beautiful prairies that spread them
selves out in that delightful country had
been reddened with the blood of the in
habitants of that Territory, under the
protecting Egis of popular sovereignty.
Congress failed to protect the people, and
out of their misconduct came up the
pectral image of treason and insanity
poor old John Brown. That was the
legitimate fruit of popular sovereignty.
The speaker then painted, graphically.
the present prosperous condition of the
west compared with what it was before it
was populated. The people of Ohio
had sent him back to Congress, and by
God's help he wonld endeavor to csUli-
i.sh Republican principles.
Col. E. D.
BAxER.-Th?s eloquent
gentleman, who delivered the thrilling
oration over the dead body of Senator
Broderick, is thus spoken of bv the
Washington correspondent of the Phila
delphia Press :
"Don't yon remember Colonel Edward
D. Baker, of Illinois, the eloquent eulo
gist of Broderick ? He was an Opposi
tion Representative, (when Col. Forney
waa the Democratic candidate for Clerk,
and defeated.) in 1849-'50. Col. Ba
ker was born in England, and settled in
Illinois, from which State, after being
naturalized, he was elected to Congress.
He fought with great gallantry in the
Mexican War, and afterwards represent
ed the District which had been previous
ly, and waa subsequently represented by
the late distinguished Thomas L. Harris.
While a member of the House, his mar
tial spirit and manly eloquence made
such an impression, that the ladies so
journing at the iNationat tiotei neia a
spontaneous meeting, and presented mm
with a beautiful sword. I remember,
very well, that he received it from the
hands of the accomplished Mrs. George
Pitt, of Philadelphia. He is a man of
the noblest impulses; and, although a
member of the Republican party, his dis
interested support of McKibben in the
late canvass, and his resolute adherence
to the gallant 'Broderick, will never be
forgotten.' Of all his pnblic speeches,
however, none approaches, in command
inr and nervous rhetoric, and heartfelt
sympathy, that pronounced over the grave
of Broderick." . j .
Jerusalem has been making rapid
strides of late towards a new-born civili
zation, and its progress has been watched
with interest the most intense on trie pan
of those who associate with the name of
the Holy City ideas of the Millenium and
the speedy return of the Jews. Large
buildings, convents, hospitals and chur
ches are rising in every direction, and
thousands of Russian employees and Jews
are becoming residents of the place. ,
LovOTtrDiRAL. Heber Kimball, ' one
of the Mormon eiders, recently defined
longitude to mean " a ttraigU Unt tettt
tf London.
THE OLD OAKEN STAFF.
Ofnrhot la the aid etna thiakiaf,
Aa he leaae aa hie aid oaaea ntaS?
. Frees tha Mar-diy paatiaoo ahriakiaj, -
- lie heeila aot tho merrr lao-h.
. Bat the ream of the eld ana low.
Aa he looke oe the yooef aad the fir;
And hie err bead, aBOttaf aloar,
' Keepa tiaaa u the air aa eVaj plar.
- teka elder aroaad hi at are drinking,
V Bat aot ooo tap will he qaarT;
Ofwliat l the eld aiaa thtakine.
Aa ae Ir-tei on hi. old oftkea ataflf
Tia aot with raia tepiaiaf.
That the oU aasa heja a tear:
Tie aot hli ttrenr-h declinlnr.
Ho eirhe aot to liafer here.
Bat lheree a apell ia the air the plat,
Aad the old aaa'e area grew dlra;
FjC it brinje to mind a paat May-dar,
And dear frienda loet ea hiaa.
The aeenea he tare hire abrinking
Fr.pia the dance aad the Berry leogb,
f f the calm repoe he 'a thinkiae,
Aa ho leans aa Mr old oakea atalT
Buchanan and Old Brown.
Col. Forney draws a beautiful and
perfect parallel between the offenses
against the public peace committed by
John Brown and James Buchanan. He
says :
Sir. Buchanan himself is more guilty,
in a moral sense, for the work at Harper's
Ferry, than poor old Brown. He was
elected to the Presidency on the basis of
ignoring the whole slavery question in
the States and in Congress. He quickly
abandoned his position, and went over,
not to the people of the South, but to a
few Southern extremists who suddenly
conceived the brilliant idea that they
could so construe the Federal Constitution
as to make that compact proprio vigore
establish and maintain slavery in all the
publio Territories.
It was boldly avowed that
slavery existed in all the new States "by
virtue of the Constitution." This enor.
mons and abominable heresy was follow
ed by an Executive policy so weak.
shiftless and time-serving, as to impair
the confidence of the country in the in
tegrity and capacity of the President, and
convict him of a deliberate attempt to use
his constitutional powers to propagate
the institution of slavery, not only in op
position to, but in contempt of the peo
ple.
Had Mr. Buchanan pursued the
course marked out in in his election, and
indicated by every sonse of patriotism
and fair dsaling, there would have been
no Harper's Ferry escapade ; no capture.
by a handful of men, of a town of three
thousand inhabitants ; no arrest of guilty
parties; and the Government of irgmia
might have been spared the intense mor
tification of vindicating her honor under
circumstances so equivocal and unseemly
as those attending this whole affair. Upon
Mr. Buchanan rests the chief responsi
bility of this unfortunate state of things.
His is the moral guilt, while tho legal
responsibility falls unon a man honest
and brave, but too weak to appreciate
either the true nature of the offense or the
source of the guilt.
Attempt to carry slavery into
the milst of a hostile local opinion, is of
tho same character as that of John Brown
to secure freedom to a people who would
have none of it. If it was right ia James
Buchanan to force slavery upen a people,
it was right for John Brown to force free-
dom upon the
South, lheir authority.
nntciil. nf tlin I iw mrm rtraiiaaTv f tiA .ariia
Jt is nnfl)rtnrute Ut jIr !,:,, ba(,
not possessed the honesty of purpose of
poor old Brown. It would have saved
the credit of the Administration, and
probably the life of that crazy and delu
ded agitator.
The Lonisvilie Journal, noticing some
of the fanatical attempts of Democratic
journals to make the Republican party
responsible, for the huibuster foray of
" Osawatomie" Brown, ssys :
" We sincerely believe that such arti
cles as the above are mors prejudicial to
the interests of the South and the stabili
ty of the Union, than all the mad at
tempts of Brown and his rsgamufSn
crew."
The California correspondent of the St.
Louis Democrat, says of Mr. Greeley :
' While he was in the conntry, the
miners and citizens, between them, cut
off the buttons of his old white eoat as
trophies, and in some places through
which he has passed, they adorn the pub
lie bar rooms ! Ye Godsl think of that!
Relies of Horace Greeley, the temperance
advocate, decking a dram shop I
Wesbb the Shoe Precnes. An old
Whig, who now votes the Buchanan
ticket, said, the other day :
" My acquaintances sometimes wonder
how I, who have always fought against
the Democratic party, can now vote with
it ; but I can tell them that voting the
ticket isn't the greatest difficulty. It is
mixing with tha men that X find the har
dest work." ; -
RdTHca Hasd The Chariestown cor
respondent of the New York Tribune
says: "I am sorry to say that Mr. Brown's
little property ia seriously diminished by
Mr. Griswold. the lawyer from Ohio,
who received 8250 from his client for de
fending him." If this k true, according
to CapL Brown's own statement, Mr.
Griswold got Mr. Brown's last copper.
The Virginians are afraid of a camera,
and won't allow one to be taken into the
jail, for the purpose of taking old Brown's
likeness. Perhaps they axe afraid it will
take off the old man.
Down with tha Agitators. ' v '
Who are the agitators of the slavery .
question? To answer tru! vr let ns look at)
the record of the past. ";.
For tho avowed purpose of increasing'
the number of Slave States, so as to pre-,
serve the balance of power, (as Mr. Cal
honn called it.) TTexss was annexed to'
this country. For the same purpose'1
war was made with ' Mexico. - History"
will record the facts, and posterity mnst
determine the justice auJ humanity of.
that war.
As "indemnity for the past and securi
ty for the future," we annexed a large
portion of Mexico to our already extend-'
.1 i:..,: nM,: !... ,1.. ..
vi iimiu. a. uio uiwipiiiup lieu iuuiiii f
of the question, whether or not alaveryv
shoWld be exclnded from this territory
while under Congressional control. ' '
The whole people of the free States, '
without regard to party, said that Cone
gress ought to exclude it. This express-.
ion was given by every Legislature of
every frea State. The Southern people
said that, inasmuch as the territory had 1
been acquired by the ''common blood
and common treasure," they regarded it .
as unfair that they and their sltfvesshonM
be thus excluded. ' ' : -
In 1350. the patriots of all sections in
Congress, enacted certain laws, each,
section yielding somewhat of their pecu
liar notions, for tho purpose of promoting
concord and harmony. It was conten
ded by Mr. Clay (the wisest statesman '
that this country ever produced) that aa a
Mexico had abolished slavery in thecoun .
try acquired by ns, it could not exist,. .
unices authorized by positive constitution
al sanction when State governments earns ;
to be formed. This was acquiesced in by
all parties.
The territories of Utah and hew Men-
co wertTorganized without the restriction,
because regarded as unnecessary for their
protection against the advance of slavery. '
The agitation of the slavery question
ceased. All was harmony and peace. ,
There existed no sectional enmity or strife
because of adverse interests on the most !
nnfortnnnte and perplexing question.
In 1854. in an evil hour, and, we fear, ;
to promote the unholy ambition of a sin
gle man, the slavery question was forced
upon the country, by the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise. This made Kan
sas the battle-field npon which was fought'"
out the question whether slavery should
exist there or not. It is not necessary to
refcr to the horrible details of that strug
gle. They are fresh in the remembrance
of all.
We appeal to all honest and candid '
men to say if we have not stated tbe
truth in regard to this matter. Now .
comes the questions, "Who annexed Tex
as? Who ma le war with Mexico ? Who
repealed the Missouri Compromise ? No
one will dispute the answer "The Dem
ocratic party."
If, then, these canses produced tho agi
tation of the slavery question, and none
dare deny it, the Democratic party are ,
responsible before the country for all the ,
bitterness and sectional strife which now .
so unhappily exist among ns. Now if, '
as is contended, the horrors of Harper's
Ferry are the result of the agitation of tha
lavery question, npon the heads of the .
leaders of that party must forever rest the
responsibility. From their hands drip' f
the blood of tlie poor deluded wretches '
who were slain in tbe inssne attempt to
liberate those who asked no help.
is it not time tbat the true patriots of
all sections arise in their might and hurl
from power those who have brought thia
dire calamity upon the country?
Let us go back to the policy pursued '
by tho father of onr Republic. . In tbe
langnage of the eloquent Corwin, "Let us
stand in company with the mists of the ' '
Jordan over which they passed, their :'
garments purple with the waters of tbe .
Red Sea, though which they led us of
old, to the land of promise. With them ,
to point the way, however dark the pres
ent, Hope shines on the future, and. dis
cerning their foot-prints in onr path, let'
ns tread it with unfaltering trust." Indi'
anapolit Adat. ;
Prentice says that if Mr. Buchanan rev
solves to submit his nama to the Charles-,
ton Convention, he will bring tbe same
kind of a recommendation tbat a son of
Erin once did. " Paddy, do yon know
how to drive?" said a traveller to the
Pbaitoa of a jaunting ear. .'' Sure I do ; .
wasn't it I that upset yer honor in a .
diteh, two year ago ?
The principle, under oar political jt .'
tern, is that every distinct political com
munity, loyal to the Constitution and
Union, is entitled to all the rights, privi- .
leges and immunities of self-government
ia respect to their local concerns and in
ternal policy, subject only to the Consti
tution of the United States. Sltphen A.
Dogla$. -
The editor of the Pennsylvanitn baa
an article on "The Duty of Democrat
ia the Future. ' Judging from tha ga
thering portents in the political heavens,
we think tha supreme duty of Demoerata
in the future will be resignation. LoU
tilt Journal. - - -
Mr. Douglaa ha lost hi only 8outh
Carolina organ. The Edgefield Adver
tiser, which has hitherto advocated hi
nomination, say his article' in Harpers
Magazine render it impossible for tha
South to support him. - , , , ,,, ,,
An old m An in Indiana; recently eow-'
hided his daughter nineteen yean of ag
for wearing hoopa.
I
of life. Exchange.

xml | txt