';p ' 'trj !'-. - c ,7, ..... 4.;
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s 1 :i ,.... I t a
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5- "J flu
I0L. MILLER. EDITOR iXD WBLISHKIL - ..
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION-:
TER5S $2.00 FER mEX, II IDT ATCE. ,
VOLUME III. NUMBER 29.
WHITE - CLOUD,: KANSAS,' THURSDAY; JANUARY 2G,: 1860.
WHOLE NUMBER, 133.
Lik, wwn Mh kM(fc
0i fBTi Tti " tiU- . U
Aid OMkHaf fm4 frnn rIB:
art M rU inmmi,-'
Stftlj kC I1 tb ld.
Brt hlh llw ,
SMliaf la iu tewawud f (te, . ..
White Dm Mbasl-bay, ! kamdaf,
tilt iu ooaint with Aelifht;
Gtsiif bit BMal waadir
tttriif ! W mdir - '
Tinu Ik nw ck krff a
Thu tbaM Mliit ha liw iim; i
Jaiaiaf i btt!f . ;
4 Stlljinf comri, bj sac; .
AajtheyrtnifKW Inthteombit, .
. TiD m U lad won. ' ''
tMy hlb Um mw a tmlnf .
Wbil tin Tifln-IW ttn is Hum, '
Oa of m amtaw tfaair alaa: .
Mtltiaf la tbt earlfaf ahaat I
Of um4 that from lb chimary wiadi;
Cllojinf l th froiea door-lateb,
fiathrrtitf reaaa tha wlarlnw bllodi;
Wbllt llw wina, m aaintherad aianaan,
Tmbhi lata taiillj alt, '
liil tb flMCf, fcalhny nMV-Oakaa
' . SofUj: traadar bcra sad tlina.
At ami tbt mtrn tttaat,
Tbu tt aaraathfal btarai adara,
Mijeoc aoan fUJt bt at traaqail - ,
A tbt taow-6ake fall at atota; , . :
. TiVbta ia aiaaHaod! priaaa a falbtt, 't
Aad la ttrift anr volctt bWarl,
Hurtiltw at tbt ttbal-bot coatatt,
Mat aar butlt alwaaa to . - -AaJ
atita tlat't aattta dttuartr
Unit aar aiirtb, aad dinu Ibt iht, r
Mtf aar eartt apoa at fall,
Paftlt as tht tnow by aight.
letter from ' Ex-President Fillmora
Keai at th Bew York Union Meet
ing, held Dec. 18thv ... ,. ti , . .,
I BcrrAMv Dec 16. 1859. '
Ghtlikes: Your letter of the 13th
ratchet ma yasterJay, iRcIortinsc call for
a pnblie meeting ia New. xork City,
"Tki Jforth and the South Juttic0 and
Fraternity." " ""
mJ inviting me to b e presont on the oc
casion. As no time is specified, I hasten
to rcpon'l by Baying that the - objects of
im meetmir have ray moat hearty appro
val, bnt 1 have Ion? since withdrawn
from any participation in po'wiai beyoml
tht of giving my vote for those whom I
ieem tlie bent an ! safest men to govern
the eonntry; and I have uniformly,
inee I wan f t the head of the Govern
m.nt. declined air invitations to attend
political meetings; yet, in view of the
present stormy aspect and threatening
wlency of public events, did I feel that
7 presence at yonr , meeting eonld, in
tn least, tend to allay the growing jeal-
0!V between thn Vnrtti nrl rTia Rnntri
I thonid, at aome personal inconvenience,
wpt yonr Invitation, and cordially
join yon in admonishing to country,
Aortli and Sonth, to mntnal forbearance
towards each other; and to cease crimina
tion and recrimination, on both aides,
d endeavor to restore again that fra
wnial feeling trMl confidence which have
ttle n a great and happy people. ;
But it seems to me thu if my opinions
" of any importance to my conntry
they now have them in a much
Jjore responsible and eatisfactory - form
wan I could give them by participating
'he proceedings of any meeting. My
wtimenu on this nnfortnnata question
r v"7, ni tbe constitutional right
orine SonA in regard to it, have not
tanged since they wera made manifest
w the whole country by the performance
pamfnl official duty in approving
d enforcmg the Pagitiva Slav. Law.
What the. Cotrtttition give I woold
wnced. at every sacrifice, I would not
ktoeijov its benefits without sharing
ffl uiita rapoMitilitk' I
bo other rule of political rights or
lEZT' The8 wero m7 sentiment.
tZJt .v 'J? tt7 Mntlments now: . I
the Constitution of my eonntry
ery hManJ tnJ j ,m d
iinu101l.t every sacrifice. -"
Vui i? 1 oihl "top. but eincerl have
TW to the impulse-to write, I -will
lUte to anrt ..WA.
Mara.. 1 7 "'"""Jt ""J
m or two eveoU which have
ainoa I retired from , office.; and
j" all probability kava giveatiae
U ;i.t .- v"""
"fciuiw tawt a..a. - a t . . m
Ja evrniit j
"uuui m ones raerencs to
l,i . . "mm ocenrrea aarug my
An 0,, renj'eni,; tnat inf'?l849 and"
J" we countrv was 'uv PrpTa- afat.!
TUU d'turblng. question, of Slavery,
of to. i grew 0nt of tbe cqnisition
territory from Mexico, and a con-
tT.w11 tb North and the South as
."Oether Slavery should be tolerated
Territorr: : Muad cp
si " olW8 " th provision
fc.0?""011" fortha rendition of
om Mrvic ebonld be made
Bliw .f" ! of 1793 on that
7 ,c.h dePll chiefly on State
iaorwati t execnt5on. bi ! become
trf,j;la' bec,U8e Stater'1 officers were
- 6 to preform thai aati'
-After a severe rroeeK which threat
ened the integrity of the Union, Congress
finally passed laws settling these questions;
and the Government and the people for
a ume seemea to acquiesce in that com
prantte ae a final settlement of this ex
citing qnestion ; and it is exceedingly to
oe regretted tnat mistaken ambition, or
the hope -.of obtaining party triumph,
should have temptM any one to raise thia
qufoo again. But in an evil hour this
Pandora's box of slavery was again open
ed, by what I conceive to be an unpar
donable attempt to force slavery into
Kansas bj a repeal of the Missouri Com-
firotnise, and the flood of evils now swell
ngand threatening to overflow the Con
stitution and sweep away the foundations
of the Government iftelf, and deluge this
land with fraternal blood, may all be
traced to this unfortunate act What
ever might have been the motive, . few
acts have ever been so barren of good,
and so fruitful of evil. The contest had
exasperated the pnblie mind, North and
South, and engendered feelings of dis
trust, and, I may say, hate, that I fear
it will take years to wear away. The
lamentable tragedy at Harper's Ferry
is clearly traceable to this unfortunate
controversj abont slavery in Kansas,
and while the chief actor in this crimi
nal invasion has exhibited some traits of
character that challenge our admiration,
yet his fanatical zeal seems to have bI7hd
ed his moral perceptions, ' .and harried
him into an unlawful attack upon the
lives of a peaceful and unoffending com
munity in a sister State, with the evident
intention of raising a servile insurrection.
which no one ean contemplate without
horror; and few," very few I believe, can
be found so indifferent to the consequences
of his acts, or so blinded by fanatical
zeal, as not to believe that he justly suff
ered the penalty of the law which heliad
violate.!. . 1 cannot but hope that the1
fate or John crown and his associates
will deter: all others from' any unlawful
attempt to 'interfere. "in "the domestic
affairs of a wister State. ; But this trarc
iTy has now closed,' and Virginia has
vindicated the snpremaey of. her laws,
and shown that slio is quite competent to
manage her own affairs and protect her
own rights. Ana thanks to an overrul.-
mg Providence, the 'question of slavery
in ivaasas is now also settled, and set
tled in favor of freedom. The Noith
has triumphed, and having triumphed.
let her, by her magnanimity and gener
osity to her Southern brethren, ahow that
the contest on her part was one of prin
ciple. and not of personal hatred, or the
low ambition of a sectional triumph.
: Finally, if I had the power to speak,
and there were any disposed to listen to
any conoRil, I wanld say to my brethren
of the South : Be not alarmed, for there
are few, every few,1 at the North , who
would justify in any manner an attack
upon the institutions of the South which
are guaranteed by the Constitution. ' We
are all Anti-Slavery in sentiment, but
we know that we have nothing to do
with it in the several States, and we do
not intend to interfere with it. ' And I
would aay to my brethren of the North,
respect the rights of the 8outb; assure
them by your acts that yon ' regard them
as friends and brethren. And I woold
conjure all, in the name of all that is
sacred, to let this agitation cease with
the eanaes which hava produced it. Let
harmony be restored between the North
and the Sooth, and let every patriot rally
around, onr National flag, and swear
upon the altar of hie country to instain
and defend id ' v ! r . . . .. . :
: '. I am, with great respect, - V- ' -
I :k . Yonr obedient aervant," '.5
- MILLARD FILLMORE.
-Messrt. Sam'l L. M- Barlow, Wilson
GHont, nd James Brooks, Commit
tee, die '. ;' ' i ' -',
RjTVTVAL OF THB ; STAXDAnO DRAatA.
Theatrical exhibitions fail by teing re;
peated. Most managers think they do
well if the- can make a Play " rnn" six
weeks. But the theatrical .t performers
who enact the "thrillin? Drama of Dis-
solvtni? the Union eeera to think they can
go on repeating it, witn inecess, xm too
end of time, '-"'., - V'
Jnst before every Presidential election,
a hue and a cry fs raised in Congress over
imnginary dangerjtb the i Union. The
uongmace, presaians im jiuwiuuh.
When it has rioened. meetings are held
to appease Southern wrtth which is sup
posed to be just ready to devour tne coun
try; and" the people are urged, as the only
way of salvation, to-vote the Democrat-
ift ticket.,! 1 ; .7-;jJl .'! 1 Tl.t" 1
Tbe curtain fall, on .the entrance of. a
Democratic .President into the r White
House end the play is over iorj another
four.yeara. ,0 77.' " . -r ' r.:
- But it has been seen, so .often that tbe
Melodrama baa become a. farce. ..The
rant about Disunion, has grown .thread
bare with thirty jeers ose.. Handing the
Union to such, rulers as Pierce and, Bu
chanan begins to be distrusted as a pana
cea I''.agitatipa.,, The play, was..
aaceessfnl play, in its time ; ' but - it is
"played out." Albany Evening Jouri y
Tbe reason why that yoang lady prin
ter at Cleveland attempted, to. shoot the
vonaz nan compositor,; was because tbe
latter remarked that somebody would
have to get another font of ' small caps'
torrhex before Jong." . '..," , r '.: - iT
' HisTORiCAt Factb. Quetttok Wbb
settled Virginia? ' . r,'.:,K
' Anther -John Smith. r' " ' '"'V' .'
Quettion Who unsett!e4 Yirgiata? .
Answer John Brown. "
BY JOSATHAJf FREKE SUXGSBY. .
Dreary aid Wister! wtaryald WJaWr! ,
Baawbhadwd earl, all driapiaf aad ehjll; .'
Ica aaaint aart band ibM, iadi waiMl mod tbM,
, HaatUr.flootiilfpladdaif aaatilV : - .
Tat arbaa wt ant tat, kiadlt wa iptmt thaa, .
Ht ay thy btiKb-Mtx. and h til Af twr : ' 1 '
Witb traatall aad tradaatt. wtP ebam all tbj iatltatt. ,
faia lay tya brifbua, tbj tcf blood (low.
'' Dreary eld Wiatar! waary eld Winter!
f Wall atakt lay aye bri(htte, thy icy blood tlw. ' ,
Oieery eld Wiatn aMtryeM tViartr ' " ! '
Loach while with yele-wreath thy templet are boaadi
Drala the epiced bowl aow. cheer thy eld aval aew, .
MChrlttaiat win tin. pledge the holy teatt roaad.
Breach batt aad barral; with daaea aad with aaral, :
Cream weald Winter, or melt tht Haj; , , .
Aad whet ha it wetry of Htinj to merry,
Be'l lie dowa aad die oa the oreea be efSpritj.
Cheery old Witter! ewny old Wiaterl.
Ball lie dowa aad die oa the ereet lip of Pprinj.
, j .- ; Scraps from Preatice. . .
.. A country exchange relieves us of great
apprehension by expressing its cnlimited
confidence in the ultimate safety of the
rr..: t. u- 111 : -.?.
uinuu, iruiu iut weu-xuowD capauuny
of Congress to talk any qnestion before
the country to death, and in this way dis
union will die the death of the damned.
, In the estimation of a genuine Demo
crat, the chief end of political life is to
feed liberally at the pnblie crib. A
Democratic politician who hasn't had his
arm in the treasury full length at least
half a dozen times in the course of his
career, . is regarded, and, indeed, looks
npon himself as a failure. lie is almost
ashamed to look the public in the face.
A cotemporary says that Mr. Guthrie
"appears to have a fair held ' for the
Presidency." Yes, MrV Ul'u'as a tolera
bly t"fair field.'' but there-ria many a
stumble between the field and -the track,
and many another betwixUhe. siring and
It is said that thegreat-defeU'O? stoi
cal philosophy is that it vdaspised f-peco
Iation." The philosophy of onr Ameri
can Democracy is -not in the least stoical
. The hemp crop of Kentucky this year
is said to be. deficient. If that is true,
there is an imperative necessity that our
rogues should fall short. Letnths Sher
ifle sew to iU ! r ' -. !1 .' 1 V
'i A Quastio. - James Black was late
ly married te Miss. Suxan White. , The
former was seven feet six inches, and the
latter six feet and " six inches in hight
Was not that a 'marriage in high fife ?
Certainly 1 there is no disputing that ;
it is registered in UUck and White.'
" The Memphis' Avalanche Js making a
vigorons effort to write up General Jo.
hane to a statesman. We have seen' less
success with greater material. ,: ,
Cbaracteb of Gkorob. Wasbixotox,
as Grvtsr by a Political Opponent.
Jnst after Washington's retirement from
tbe Presidential chair, which be had fill
ed for eight years with so much honor,
both to himself and. to the .Nation,- the
Aurora, ( published by Wm Dunne,) an
opposition newspaper, printed at Phila
delphia, gave him the following blessing:
From the.Autora, of March 4, 1791.
"Now lettest thou thy servant depart
in peace.' for mine eyes have seen tby sal
vation," was the pious ejaculation of a
man;who beheld a flood of happiness
rushing on mankind. .If jeyer there was
a time that would license the reiteration
of the exclamation, the time is now arri
ved, for the man, George Washington,
who ia the source of all thertaisfortnnes
to our country, is this day reduced to a
level with his fellow citizens,' and U no
longer possessed of power to multiply
evils on the United States. ' If there ever
was a period for rejoicing this is the mo
ment. -Every heart, in uniean with the
peace and happiness of the people, ought
td beat in high exultation, that the name
of. Washington this day ceases to give
currency to political iniquity, and to le
galize ;corrBpt'on-- era promises
much to the people; for public measures
must now stand on their own merit, and
nefarious projects can no longer be sop
ported by a name. .. When a retrospect
is taken of tbe Washington administra
tion .for eight years, it is subject of , the
greatest astonishment, that a single indi
dividnal could have cankered the princr-1
ploa'of repeblicankm in an enlightened
neoole. and should have carried his de
signs against the puUu; liberty so far, as
TO put 1U jcuyajuj iu , ...-
Such, however, are the facta; and with
them starinz as . in the face, this iay
ought to be a day of jubilee in the United
otates., .,. ...
:!. -i ' 1 ' " '
A' :Vrsmal DoccMBKT.-r-We , are
informed .that a land , warrant for, .160
aeres. issued to n Suta Decatur, widom
of Commodore 8tephk Decatth;" was'
Ucaled a, lew day a ago by citizen of
this Couniy, at the Land Office, at Le
compton. Sneh incidento as these serve
to connect the past with thepreseot
giving na, as it were. share in tbe in
beriUBce of glory which has- descended
from the illustrious dead of our country.
i .Tttl did the " Old Commodore" imag
ine,' as he -poured his tremendous broad
side' int the enemy.Uhat the 'piece f
r arch rnenf intended as a slight recogni
tion of bis services, would, fifty years
fterwards. pay for the noma ot a xvansas
farmer. Emporia Sews.
JosliuaR..Giddinga wa&.in Hartford
last week, and while there WTOte a letter,
and fixed stamp thereto, the first time,
be remarked, that be paid postage in 21
year. Hia franking privilege expired
Monday noon."' 1 e
v . . y PouticaLv, 9: :
' Thurlow Weed, in fa fetter' to the
Evening Journal, ' from "Washington
City, of the date of Dec,' I?, says : f r
"The whole tendency and drift f the
fire-eaters is to prepare their ( section of,
the Union for its dissolution. This li
the "warp and filling of ell their speech-!
oa. id tne. nonse, toey mreciaiaa tnat,
the election of a Black Republican Presi
dent will be sufficient cause for such dis
solution. In the Senate, Mr. Iverson, of
Georgia, more impatient, announces bis
readiness to withdraw from the Union
when Mr, Sherman is elected Speaker.
But thia hurry ia explained by the cir
cumstance that bis seat in tbe Senate is
soon to be vacant, and that, consequently,
louder thunder is necessary to secure his
re-election. ' I know nothing that so much
resembles the cry of 'Dissolving the nton.
as the prophecy of, the Hitlerites, toho
waited for the end of the world. . JJotb
events were determined and announced
with equal earnestness. The day origi
nally fixed for the "Ascension," with its
postponements, has passed, end the world
remains, with its gootl and evil, to work
out a destiny higher and wiser than that
wnicn ueiusion ana blindness anticipated
And the Union, in defiance of its enemies
will survive those who threaten its integ.
rity, to work out and establish the great
problem of freedom. -1 he Helper Book,
puunsnea nearly two, years ago, . was
quite harmless until the Disuniouists, by
magnifying its importance, have given it
an unprecedented circulation.' Tbee
events are seized upon, not, as they miirht
be, if the Sooth so desired, to. protect
their property,, gnaid their ritjuts, and
strengthen " the Union, but to peril and
destroy all. V bile hanging John Brown
for treason against Virginia, they avow
tU'.'ir own treasonable design against the
Lmon... .., -. r..,M. ... .... .
, "To all this is a plain, simple, ready
solution. These men neither desire nor
will consent to' a preservation of the
Union, expect npon their own terms.
If the cotton men of . Philadelphia and
ew, i oik, and the faded, dye J-hair, and
colored whisker politicians of -Boston,
knew with what contempt the fire-eaters
think and speak of their Union-savfcg
spasms, they,. would ".save their breath to
cool their porridge. ',. lbese men epurn
your sympathy. . Mr. Carry told yon in
his speech, what they all say more offen
sively id conversation, that "mien meet
intra amount to nothing." There is but
one remedy for lite disease. . That is to
leave the political power of the countrv
in their hanJs. The moment the dan
ger of the election of a Republican Presi
dent passes, all ' danger and all excite
ment will subside.' "The whole question
is in' "a nnt-shell.". Dissolving the
Union is a game i for the Presidency- It
isnothin? but letme." That it will be
pleved desperately we admit,' because
Southern sportsmen play desperately
But only-) assure them , that, Republicans
will ,vpass." leaving the Democracy
'oldest," and. neither Old Brown nor
the Helper Book will disturb or ripple
too water. , .i . ,-
The Uxios. We do not suppose the
Union itself to be in any special or im
mediate danger. We do not believe the
mass of substantial people of the South
are; ready for disunion ;. nor do we very
clearly see by what practical steDS they
could effect it even if they' were. ", If their
members withdraw from Congress they
will only leave all Federal legislation in
the hands of the North and West, n If
they were to seize the forts and. arsenals
in the Southern otates, they could only
hold them against' an imaginary foe. If
they were to refuse payment of enstoms, a
few revenue cutters would collect tbem or
seize their vessels, leavingthem ho redress.
A year or two of masterly inactivity on
the part of ! the: General Government
would give them time Cor reflection,' arid
opportunity for , the return' of .new. and
more -sensible t members to Congress.
DisoTntion is very easily effected on paper,
but attended with serious difficulties in
practice. . Non-intercourse is equally im
practicable simply because . the South
wants to sell what we want to bay, and
tics reread This mutual necessity is more
powerful than resolutions, and will out
vote a whole mass meeting of exasperated
patriots, rlnterest,. in the long, run, t is
snre to outweigh passion all that .is
neccessary is to give it'time to make lf
self drllr anft fellf felt. ' Witn all its'
drawbacks, the' Union is of very jrrentl
advantage to the, people, of both North;
and Sonth ; and while it continues to.be
so. we believe it will be preserved. S.
7. JtfJUt. :' ri r.;' . I'ra') -k
Governor Blacksnake, the olJ Indi-
an," died at bis residence, ' on Allegheny
ReBervationi eight miles from East Ran
dolph, Cattaraugus County, New York,
December 26h, at the. advanced age of
123 years.-, ne was probably,. before kin
death, the oldest Indian.living.' He was
in the French War; previous to the Rev
olution ; also ia the Revolutionary-War,
and sided with the; Americans, lie. was
a great aid to General Washington, act-,
ing in the capacity of runner and bearer
oiurapauniv rn:-r-'- i;i;ic.w
i. Paji' ot.''DoreHifacxB.wobni aJFisn
dolph, while in Congress, said:,,,,:
" Sir, I envy neither the heart nor the
head of that man Torn -tbe North'" who
rises here to defend slavery oa principle."
" A Southern paper'aneonnces the death
ef "Washington Emtt": ' Soch is fame!
-r . , : -: r ')'' i
' The cost of the Harper's Ferry War,
co far, ia said to be SSW.WU" "
.' 'Congress ia 1890J ? ''
We find the following in the Colum
bus Enquirer, a paper which baa always
given, honest credits, or else we should
suspect it was a sly " Punch." from some
sarcastic observer across the Atlantic
' Jcly 5; 1890. Mr. D. Farcer, Dem.,
of Kentucky, brought forward -a motion
for tbe suppression of oral disowskm in
tbe Legislature. , The lionorable mem
ber proposed, as a substitute, that all
questions at issue should be settled by sin
gle combat, bowie-knife or pistol. ' Hon
orable members, were' up to the present
period, in tbe hadit of sticking st noth
ing, and he (Mr. Farcer) thought that this
proposal would certainly obviate such a
state of things by giving them something
to stick at.
Mr, Barker, (Dem.) of Virginia, sec
onded the motion, and also ho would be
happy to second any of the combatants
in want of his assistance, .lie believed
his qualifications in this respect were well
known to the honorable Uone : and if
any member was ignorant of them, he
would take the liberty of recapitulating.
The honorable member was here proceed
ing to give the details of several sangui
nary difficulties, when he was interrupted
by ."'-; i
Mr. Whittle. (Whig) of Tcnn. What
does the honorable member 'mean when
thrusting the details of his duels on. the
House ? ' Good wine needs no bush, and
a successful dneTlist needs no praise.
There was no ganger of tbe honorable
member s deeds not being trumpeted to
the world, because everybody knows that
" murder will out. (
Mr.' Barker You are a liar and a thief!
(No sensation whatever.)
Mr. Whittle Ihe honorable rascal
opposite has called ma a liar and a thief.
I believe that the Uou.e will support me
when I term him a murderer and assassin.
(Less sensation thaa before.).
Mr. JJarker Who robbed the man on
the steamboat ? A-h-h I ' . '
Mr. Whittle Who ran away from tbe
Revere House without paying hL bill?
L-h-h ! - -
Mr. Barker (shaking his fist) Silver
Mr. vv hittle I did not insure my
Iiouse for double its value and then set it
on fire. .
Mr. Barker If the bonorable member
niu't a coward, he'll have it out with me
now1." ''"'' ' ' ' '
Mr. Whittle (jumping on the tabic)
Lome on. you rnuian.
The Ppeakar Fair puy, gentlemen.
Itecollect, if yon please, that the proceed
ings will be reported.
'The honorable members then had a set
to, in which both displayed considerable
science, and a great deal of animosity.
Bets ran high as to who would win, and
we understand that the Speaker specula
ted heavily.,. After five rounds, ho.vever,
hittle gave in. and Barker was.carried
borne by his triumphant frienda. e be
leve that a meeting between the gentle
men is arranged to come off to-morrow.
This incident agreeably relieved the mon
otony i of the week s debates, tbai were
growing exceedingijj; tedious. , (
Bitterness UsEARALi.Et.ED. The most
ferocious specimen of moral gall we ever
encountered. ; is the following: language
used bv John Randolph, of Roanoake.
toward Henry Clay, in secret, session' of
the Senate, in 1825. which led to a chal-
lencre'and a bloodless duel Randolph
firing into the air : ...
' This man (mankind.'' I crave yonr
pardon) this worrn (littla,: aaimala,
forgi'S, the insult) was spit out of the
womb of weakness was raised to a high:
er life than he was born to, for be was
raised to the society of blackguards.
Some fortune kind to nim cruel to ns
lias tossed hfm Into the Secretaryship
of 8tate. Contempt has tbe property tf
descending,, but i she stops far abort of
him. She would die before the-would
reach him ; he dwells below. Jier.fll. I
would hate hjrn if I Jlilnot despise.bira.
It is not what he is. but where he is, that
puts mv thoughts in action. The Al
phabet tvhich writes the name of , JY.tr
ttiss. of blackguard, of squalidUy, refuse
her letters ;for .him... .That .mind .which
thinks of what , it cannot express, can
scarce!' think of .him. An hyperbole for
niMJiwM wQuld.be an ellipses lor Clay."
: ' 'X PirrME or Cosoress. The Wadi-
ingtoiTcarrepoolent of the Philadelphia
Journal has the followiiig: '" ' ' : '. 1 -.
The Uonze of Representatives was the
place of excitement. "At -an early hour
the galleries and all tbe approaches to the
hall were crowded. By whom I need not
say log-rollers," lobby members, liek
spitttes, faro-dealers, pickpockets 'and
- . ... T "1.
place hunters predominatea. : X migni.
truthfally say; with tha poet,..5 ...
r ... .. " Htll ia ftjpty . ..
1 ,rv" ' Aad tfdcrilt are all here." " ,
' From the anxiety obaervable fa' their
conaleiances. von would suppose that tbe
ship of State would begin to; " slido,'aa
soon as the hammer felL . I will not ap-
olv that to the members themselves. It
is the expression of the old members of
the reportonal corps, that tne ltepreeen
tativea in the present Congress are bet
ter looking set of men and whose per-J
son at appearance w lnuicanvoot wuiw
talent and firmness, than the members of
any preyiuvs Congress, ipce the days
when it was in iu purity. . .
- Loao Shot. Ex-United States Senator
James, ef Rhode . Ldand, has invented a
cannon,' which, a board of. army officer!
CtllD.u, WO CI, a warn ih. araij nuiwt: jun.o.is i- at- 1 . i-.' , . . . . T'
rebortwill carry a shot with accuracy a tin Germany, but tbey sl get ..ver believed that U w.l reach the full ctr
dUtance of ovcr'six miles 'here.-Prrnirr. - ' eolation of half a million.
BY FRASCns BROWN.
We did aet rear then eace the dell fny atereinp
: No ebeerlen berdee ea ear atiritt laid; -'
The loaf eijbi watehat did aet eriaf at wtenitrt
That w were teaaau ef a hoeae decayed;
The tarty taawt libe drea t to at dttctadtdi
Btaaty. aad power, aad woadet hate aot eeied ,
' Hew I. It U az wa ftar tbe Wrateia aow
Their boce-t.-ea fall at bright ea hearth aad ehaaber;
Their eor.hera starKehc thine at ooidly eleet;
The woaJa Mta keep their holly fut Destailier;
Tlie world a welcoma ret ft the new year;
And (at away ia ekt remeaiberej placet,
Tht tajow-drep neat aad the rabia ainftf
The tea and moot look out with lovinf facet
Why bare oar dart forgot racb eoodhr thing, I
la it that no the aorth wind find, at ahikta
By temnett tterceethaa ita bitter blatt,
Whkh fair bellefr, aad friao lthipa, toe, hare latea
Away lite Sumater f!ia-t ts they ptba.1,
Aad aitdt life leaflrtt ia it pletttut vaHeya.
Waaia; the light et'proaiiM frota ear day.
Till nai.u meet tten in, the uiaarJ aalafe ,
A dlmaeta not like thrift to put away?
It wa, not :haf wltea drearut of bet and taarelt
Gtre tunttiiire to the Winter ef oar Tooth.
Before its bpet had tallea ia forteae'a e,anfTel.
Or Time had bowed them with bi&beary trarh
Ere y-t the twilifhu foond a ftranet and lontly.
With abadewa eaaiing when the liret bura low.
To.u.1 ofditaat gnret aad HMt oaly
Tlie plat talt cannot chan-e aad will not go.
Ala.! dar friend,, tbe Winter it witlua at;
Rrd i tht ice that growt aboat the hear.;
Fer ptte oartt aad raia rrrrtta hate woa ae
Fntia 4ife' true hrrUagt and better part.
etoaa and skie rejoict, yea, wer.hip rather;
- flat anion toll and tremble erea at we, -Ilopir'-rorharrettl
they will merer gather, ' '
Fearia; the Winter, which tiwy aity aot ate.
. . Consistent Union Savers.
, The New York Tribune says: . . .; .
. t'Caleb- Cushing and Franklin Pierce
are not the men to undertake to vouch
their statesmanship and patriotism by
making a great di.-play over a proponed
suppression of agitation on the Slavery
question. Who, we would like to know,
opened the exciting agitation on . the
question of spreading Slavery? .Who
but Prciilent Franklin Pierce and At
1 torney General L il?! t uihm
country was quet, harmony reigned.
Not a ripple disturbed ' the surface of
publi: affairs, until one day, Mr. Presi
dent. Pierce thonght it would subserve
his personal and political interest, and
Mr. Attorney-General thonght it might
prolong bis official term, to promote the
abrogation of the Minsonri Compromise.
This movement opened the floodgates
of Slavery agitation, and the stream then
set running baa been increased in volume
ever since. Either Jlesars. fierce and
Cashing foresaw the mischief , they were
haU'hing, or they were deficient in those
statesmanlike preemptions which . could
alone give consequence to their views.
If they did foresee it, it is impertinent in
them at. thin juncture to indulge in croco
dile tears over the irritations and agita
tions they created. If they were ao ob
tuse as not to foresee results which at the
time were plainly foreshadowed and pre
dicted by the opponents of their course,
then their vaticinations upon the present
and futnre condition Of public affairs are
not worth the paper it takes to print them
on. it her way, they would botn beat
observe the proprieties of the occasion by
omitting to participate in the very solemn
ceremony of saving the Union, "just now
on foot."- ' , ' :
General Taliaferro, next to Gov. Wise,
seems to be the biggest fool in' Virginia.
On the day of Cook and Copple's execd
tion, he arrested Dr. A. Rawlings, the
artist. of Frank Leslie's illustrated paper,
and araigned him for ridicule. , Dr. Raw
lings relates the conversation which took
place:- 'T ; ' . ' V
- Geft.'T. "Yon have made me appear
ridiculous in Frank Leslie's lust number.
You put me in the paper as Command
ant, lustead of t,ommander-in-Cbief.
Dr. R. " It was not intended to do
yon amnjury." ' - J '' '1
(Jen. IV" son also placed ep ante use
ot ny aboulddra, when it is a well-known
hiatoncal fact that the .CommaDder-in
Chief never wears them. . Csasar, or Na
poleon,' never appeared on the field with
epanlettes on.' The inferior officers wear
tbem,. bat the ' Grand Commander nev
er." rf'-f .-; -'r- : ...
Tlie General continued to give Dr.
Rawlings a severe lecture upon his daring
to make him" appear ridiculous, and after
he nad vented his wrath, be dismisses the
artist.' '"" ' s ' " i . ?- !
Poorly Preparcd roa DiMOLrno.-
The Raleigh (N. C.) Register calls atten
tion to the fact that there i not ode pow
der mill ia the Union, south of Delaware;
nor.is there a manufactory of arms, or a
foundry for cannon Booth of Harper's
Ferry. - - - , ' - ' ' 'tj- .
' And in proapect of a dissolution of the
Union, a committee of the Legislature of
Sooth Carol ma recommends the raising
of 8100.000 for military purposes. . This
reminds us of an anecdote related of the
time when -our government was at war
with Algiers. A simple backwoods fel
low sat in a bar-room listening to talk
about tbe Algeriae war, when all at once
be broke out. Ge whilikins ! I wish? I
was a Congress." "Yon do," .said a by
stander, "and what would yon de if you
were a Congress, Dirius ? . '
"What would I do? I'd build a dn
great boat, and I'd put' twenty men
aboard of it. and I'd go and . kill the
d d Algekites oB."Spri7itd Be
.... .i i . i ,. j..
There are Low Dutch and High Dutch
Tie Urop Gam. J '
A friend who travels a good deal write)
the following. The same fellow wo be-'
lieve, came his drop game over the good,
people of Rockforti a few months ago :.
Dr. Monrok ZW sir : While trav-'
eling through Jefferson and Seott Conn-
ty, Ind:, I witnessed a " heavy drop." A r
man 4t genteel appearance, with carpet .
sack in hand, taking it afoot, came along
the public square, in Lexington, Scott
connty, Ind., and when crossing the
square dropped de d, in appearance.
Everybody ran, medical aid was called.
rubbing commenced, tbe strangor htill,
hlept and was very stiff ; to all appear-.'
ance paralyzed so that he could be raised;
without the limbs giving way. "Bleed
him ! bleed him !" several halloed, lie
man comes to all at once; looks 'wild..
Voice in the crowd, "whoare von?,
where did you come from ?" He poll
out a slate and pencil, and writes "I
have been out to Michigan to see a broth
er, but when I got there ha was dead. I
am making my way home; am out of
money ; live in Cleveland, O." Sym
pathy runs high ; the crowd make up a
pony purse of 9S.50 and give it to him.'
He travels to Rent, nine miles; drope'
agaiu ; everybody is alarmed ; comas to;
tells he is out ef money, and they make
him up a pony purse ; the Dr. takes him
home and gives him something again;
off ho goes again to Richie's mill ; drops '
again ; no man about, women frightened '
and run for men folks ;. finds one i man r
lays dead uutil man comes ; women with .
camphor bottles running in every direc
tion ; excitement high ; Mr. Richie lakes ?
him into the house, keeps him all night, '
gives him breakfast, lodging and ten dol
lars. Ue leaves for North Madison ; r
drops' again ; he writes he is out of mon
ey and wants to g;t home : be makes .
nine dollars and fifty cents off the good ;
folks of North Madison. He goes en
and I suppose ha is still dropping and '
traveling. Seymour Times. -.. . .,,
Par-os Browxlow's Political Pro .
ORAMMrt. Parson Brownlow, editor of the
West Tennessee W hig, thus declares bis
inexorable hostility to the Democracy,'
and his hope that the Southern Opposi-
tion ia Congress won't give in :.
-We of course will not advise Southern (
Opposition members what to do, believ
ing them competent to preserve their own '
salf-rospect and to discharge a sworar du
ty to their country and thoir ooastitnnnts.T
But were we a member of the Southern ,
Opposition in Congr, before we would ,
occupy the paltry an 1 contemptible atti
tude of creeping after a party that had !
spurned ns by its acts, we wonld; see the)''
Capitol of the North and all tbe territory
north and sonth of it, sunk to eternal per- ,
dit'on. Nay, we would are all the polit
ical orginizntions as far in bell as a pigeon
could fly in a thonaand years, or a forge-
hammer would fall in twice that length of
time! Sooner than thus degrado our-,
selys under the pretence of battling for
the homes and rights of our children, we
would see them starve to death, and then
seat ourselves npon their coffins with a '
Southern gentleman and -play push-pin :
for a drink of lager beer 1. .. . ; .
Both TIones of the Legislature of Vir-1
ginia have unanimously accepted the flag
presented to the State by the Union men
of Philadolphia. The resolution of ao-'
ceptance is to tbe following effect : -
"That we gratefully accept this bsaoti- .
fol gift as a renewed evidence of the de
voted patriotism of that beroio" band of -Northern
conservtivee who have so long"
maintained an nnetfual contest with th
assailants of oor rights and tha eneraie
of our peace, and that, w batever fortan
may invite or fate impel us in tbefature,
Virginia will cherish with aftectionate '
gratitade! tha memory' of those who" so
bravely encounter, the frowns of faction"?
aqd so nobly defy the fury of fanaticism." ,
The New Mimbsota' Senator. Th '
Chicago Pre ind Tril)nn, ' in b notice-1
of Hon. Martin S." Wilkiaaoa. the stw
cesaor of Gem. Shields aa; U. S. Senator. !
states that be Jormerly resided in Eaton
county, in Michigan, '. He emigrated to
. . Itit V t. . L. 11-
(an cryaniy in is-io, wnerw ae was miwa
as a successful lawyer and an ardent
Whig politician-.- He removed to Min
nesota, in 1847, and: ha risen step, iy
step to his present high position by hi j
ability, indastry, integrity and fidelity to; ,
principles. ... y i -T ,. i
. CoXTELLKO TO ; PODCCI ,TzLMVLkTVlQ
Dispatches In the coaraa of -m recent ,
trial in Cincinnati, the counsel objected
td the production of the' original ot a
telegraphic message, npon tho groun
that it was one of the; fiTcfrntfi. ofjlhtr
teiegraph compsBy noC todiaefoae mea
gee..' The Jndge decided that' the com-t
pany could make no roles wbian woul4
prevent the production of evidence hi'
Conrt, and the message was brought ia..
: Tbe Grand Jury' of Wilkes Coonty
North Carolina, being moved thereto 'by ;
a charge from Judge R. M. Saundersije
has presented Edwin D.Morgan and oth
ers, of New York, for anrniag -a .reeo"
mendatioo. of Helper's Book, . am tney,
invoke tbe Governor of Noitb- Carolina t
to'demand the' sald Edwin D.
and tis a-sbciates residing fm New ork,'
of the Governor of that thal bo'
and. they may be b-i1 to'trial.q i
Tbe sl of "Helper's Crisis" has reach-
ed tho -fttber of 100,000 copiesand iho
gjiatoitoas distribution 25.000 more.' It
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