fjt Kansas. Ctjitf.
SOL. MFLLKK, ..... EDITOR.
TTEITB CLOUD, XASSAS:
Tkirsiaji i : i t nrh tt, I860
Tie Presidential Scramble.
The contact between the friends of the
difSerat espiragts for tbe Chicago nomi
nation, is daily growing more exciting ;
and the dinger is, -that by the time (be
Convention meets, sundry parties will be
Ja ft fit homor for kicking op mns. if
tbioge do not go m aoit them. Soma
parsons ere acting very imprudently, and
the epirit tbej tnanifeat ia not calculated
to prodcee harmony and good feeling.
At present, Seward'a chance aeem
beat. Barely, no friend of Eansaa ahoold
regret bis nomination, if hia election were
beyond doubt. He haa stood op fir
Kansas nobly, through good and- evil.
(and God knows it haa been mostly evil,)
tad haa endured abase, revilings and
elandera for her sake. With him in the
Presidential chair, Kansas, at Ieaat, would
bar n friend there. Bat a great portion
of the public has cooceived a strong pre
judice against him, which haa been
etrengthened by nursing, and of which its
mind cannot be divested; and this would
mar his prospects materially.. We hold
that any good, honest, aound man, who
stands the best chance of an election.
should hare the preference, and all other
considerations be thrown aside.
Oar first choice, we are free to confess,
ia dward Bates, nnless, before the Con
vention meets, he should give expression
to sentiments different from those he has
heretofore expressed, both personally and
through hia confidential friends. lie is
the profoundeet statesman, and the most
honest, upright and conservative ma
epoken of for the Presidency ; and what
ia by no means an unimportant matter,
be would doubtless poll the largest vote.
Some persons who have been observing
tbe drift of public opinion, think Lin
coln's chances are best He is a glorious
fellow, and wool! take well with the
masses of the Northern Opposition. Of
11 the straight Republican proposed for
tbe Presidency, Lincoln would probably
be the most popular one.
The frienda of Chase, principally con
fined to wire-workers in Ohio, are mak
ing a desperate effort in his behalf. He
wonld be the weakest candidate of the
four we have named; but nevertheless,
be will be offered. We think he now
occ spies the highest position he will ever
attain, and the highest he deserves.
Chase, through his friends, bus ever been
grasping ; and a Republican paper in
Ohio truly says that " he wants every
thing." We first find him a leader of a
miserable Abolition taction in Ohio, re
ceiving a present of a silver pitcher from
the niggers. As a leader of the Aboli
tionists, be directed the power of the par
ty, and every other meana within his
reach, to assist in defeating Henry Clay ;
and excepting James Buchanan, Clay
never had a viler slanderer than that same
Abolition faction. No man who reveres
the memory of Henry Clay, cm ever sap
port Chase for tbe high office of which
he aided in defrauding Clay, without first
Stirling his feelings end his recollection.
We next find Chase'a friends dickering
with the Democratic members of the Ohio
Legislature, to secure his election to the
United States Senate, in which they were
successful. Now he is in the Republican
ranks, grabbing for the big loaves and
fishes. Alwaya favoring the Democrats,
in their warfare against the Whigs, he
now seeks honors at tbe hands of a party
composed three-fourths of old Whigs.
When bis first term in the Senate expir
ed, hia frienda foisted him into the Gu
bernatorial chair of Ohio, and re-elected
bim for a second term. At the close of
that term, the Senatorship was again va
cant, and nobody bnt Chase was fit for
the office. His strikers, from one end of
tbe State to the other, roundly abased
every person who had the temerity to
prefer another man, and disparaged the
merits and abilities of every rival candi
date. Chase was elected; and now, even
before he has entered upon his Senatorial
duties, his sgents have the impudence to
endeavor to thrust him into the Presiden
cy, when he should rest content with
what be has. But Chase's failing ever
was a morbid ambition for place, and he
never scrupled to ride into power over
the beads of his friends and betters. This
trait was exhibited when he was a mem
ber of the Abolition faction, in bis treat
ment of Samuel Lewis, one of the purest
men the State of Ohio ever, possessed.
Politically, Chase ia a hog I
One of the fonr men above named, will
in all probability be the nominee; for we
think the chances of Cameron amount to
about as much aa Cameron himself all
humbug. Aa we have said, Seward
seems to have the lead now ; bat the ac
tion of tbe- Charleston Convention, and
ether events, may have a great influence
h directing the choice of the Chicago
r Tbe principal man in the West who
is doing all in his power to create dissen
sion and ill-feeling in the Opposition
ranks, is a leather-beaded Dutchman in
Wisconsin, named Carl Shun the lea
der of those German radicals and imprae
tkabies who imagine that they hold the
destiny of the country in their hands, and
threaten to bolt if they do not get their
first choice. If it were not that Wiscon
sin ia ao strongly Republican tbut she
cannot be anything else. Shnrz would
have driven her in disgust to the Democ
racy long ago. Several years since, when
he had been in tbe United States scarcely
long enoagh to acquire a citizenship, the
Republicans of Wisconsin put him for
ward as tbeir candidate for Lieutenant
G ever nor ; and, although the State went
largely Republican for the balance of the
ticket, be was defeated. Not satisfied
with this popular verdict, the Republi
cans of that State still persist in patting
him forward upon every occasion. They
have recently appointed him one of tbe
Delegates at large to the Chicago Con
vention; and he seized npon the occasion
to make a rabid speech, in which he took
particular paina to abuse the Whigs, and
other Oppositionists, who have not fully
identified themselves with the Republican
party, but are willing to co-operate with
it, to defeat the Democracy. The Wis
cons in Delegates are instructed to vote
for Seward, and this emission of Shurz
waa a thrust at Bates. Such men are
not calculated to do any party a great
deal of good, in the way of conciliation
and harmony. Everything must be done
according to their fanatical notions, or
they are off. If their object is to rule or
ruin, the sooner they are off the better.
Rocky Moitstais Hibald. We hsve
reciered a prospectus of a paper shortly
to be issued at Auraria, in the Gold Re
gion, by Thomas Gibson, bearing the
sbove title. It will contain Reports of
Mining Progress, New Discoveries, Min
eral Resources, Important Business
Points, dec, fcc., and will be furnished
to subscribers for 85 a year mailed to
the States regularly. Many persons are
interested in the news from the Gold Re
gion ; thousands are anxiously watching
the progress of discoveries, with a view
of going to the mines themselves when
propects are good ; and thousands of
others have, or soon will have, friends at
the mines, in whose welfare snd success
they are interested. To all such, the
Herald will be a valuable visitor.
Accidxst. On Monday, a gentleman
living in the vicinity of Padonia, met
with a severe loss, in. crossing the river
on the ferry boat at this place. He had
been in Missouri with a two horse wagon.
for a load of seed wheat, and was re
turning home with it. On the boat, the
horses became frightened, backed the
wagon against tbe apron, broke it down)
and horses, wagon and all went into the
deep water. The wagon bed and its eon-
tents floated on the water and was saved,
while the balance of the wagon sank.
One horse was rescued, an l the other was
drowned. A portion of the wagon has
since been recovered, and it is thought
the balance of can be found, and saved.
r Gosk East. Dr. Shreve left for the
East, last Tuesday, on the Emilie, for the
purpose of baying a fresh stock of Drugs,
and to visit his friends in Ohio. He has
remained among us for almost three
years past. . We wish him a pleasant
journey and safe return ; and also con
gratulate him upon his good lack in be
ing ablet o save enough of the " Id ere" to
take him so far. It is the only instance
on record of a resident of Kansas getting
far enoagh ahead to go tr see fails friend.
We hope he will kindly remember us
poor devils whom he haa left behind. .
Smoke. Daring the past ' week, the
farmers have been busily engaged in bur
ning off th old grass and corn-stalks,
preparatory to patting in their crops; and
the woods and prairie are going it on
I their own account. The result has been,
that this part of the world hes been pret
ty well smoked. If somebody will only
be good enough to raise the " windows
of Heaven" a little, and let down a few
warm showers, very many of us will be
truly thankful therefor. The earth is ex
tremely dry, snd needs a little moisture.
Pull out the plug, somebody.
Good Beginxiso. The political cam
paign of 1860 opens brightly. Nebraska
opened the ball by a grand Republican
victory ; and last week New Hampshire
followed suit. Connecticut will he added
to the list, in April. , The Douglas De
mocracy are doing their least to carry the
latter State. In the charter elections
which have taken place in the East, the
Republicans have triumphed in nearly
every town of any considerable size.
Election. The Township elections
come off next Mondsy. Each Township
elects two Justices of the Peace and two
Constables ; and each County elects three
Commissioners, and an Assessor. There
may be several other offices to fill. There
seems to be no interest manifested in the
lection, and tbe vote will be smalL - Far
mers are just now vary busy.
Arthur's Home Magazine,
April, is with us. "The Miller's Daugh
ter" ia a beautiful engraving ; and there
are a number of other illustrations beside.
The literary departments are, as ever, fill
ed with th choicest matter. This Maga
zine makes no lofty pretensions, yet it is
excelled by but few, if any. Published in
Philadelphia, at 52 a year.
The Cincinnati Gazette, tbe ablest
and moat influential paper in the West,
comes out in an article decidedly favoring
the nomination of Bates for President
Bates stock is on the rise.
Jt3T Major John H. Likens, of the
firm of Likens dt .Boyd, of St. Joseph,
died in that city, on Tuesday evening of
Oh, Golly ! Nearly a year ago. a
gentleman subscribed for a copy of the
Chief, to be sent to a relative, at a Post
Office called Hope Mills, in Page Coun
ty, Virginia; and the other day several
copies were returned to us by the Poet
Master at that place, who signed his
name, to a rigmarole of stuff written on
the margin of one of tbe papers, J. W.
Almond." Said writing conveyed to us
the flattering information, that J. W.
Almond had been, daring the above time.
burning the papers, mceorilng to lam!
and that if we did not stop sending them,
he would continue to burn theml We
do not dispute J. W. Almond's word.
that the Tost Office law requires Post
Masters to burn newspapers, instead of
delivering them to subscribers; but we
do ssy that such a law has not yet come
under the observation of white people.
Well, let him barn away every dog
must have his dsy, and J. W. Almond's
time to burn will come after a while ; if
not in this world, in the next " accord
ing to law" and gospel !
Almond ia a bad not. May the Devil
crack him !
X7Godey's Lady's Book, for April,
is a number which, for beauty and varie
ty, has never been excelled. Tbe engra
vings number 75, some of which are of
rare beauty ; and the reading matter is
(if such a thing were possible) ahead of
anything heretofore presented. We are
still procuring the Book for onr suhscri
bers for 82 a year, which is a saving to
them of 81.
Somehow our March and May numbers.
for 1859, have "stepped out," and we
should be pleased if Godey wonld supply
their place with duplicate copies. We
wrote this request in a letter to him, a
few weeks since : but as the letter 'also
contained other matters, we presume
this part was overlooked. -
Z3f Three papers with which w had
been exchanging, some time since dis
continued their visits, and after continu
ing to send the Chief for several months
thereafter, we not long since scratched
them from our exchange list. No sooner
had we don this, than they all three
made their appearance again, with "X
marked on the wrappers. Gentlemen,
if you find it inconvenient to do without
tbe Chief, please send your papers in re
turn. If we exchange with a paper, we
expect to recieve it in return for ours
This one sided wsy of exchanging don't
Kansas Pbosfxcts. The prospect
for the admission of Kansas, seems to be
regarded in all quarters as growing mors
favorable. The Washington correspon
dence of the Cincinati Gazette says :
Kansas is bound to come in this session.
but the Democrats will stave off the ad
mission till after the Charleston Conven
The Lawrence Republican has the fol
Late advices from Mr. Parrot t indicate
a more favorable aspect to the question
of our admission. He now regards it as
Towjtsrif Nokwations. The Demo
crats of ihia Township met at Iowa Point,
on Friday, and nominated A. Taylor, of
Iowa Point, and Joshoa Taylor, 'of this
place, for Justices of the Peace ; and
Flinn, of Iowa Point, and Elishs
Huffman, of this place, for Constables.
We hardly think Elisha will "plead
guilty" ot being a Democrat, in case
the above ticket is elected, if tuili at law
are not done up in a workmanlike man
ner, it will not be for want of Taylor t.
tW The protracted warm weather has
started the grass and leaves ont finely, and
tbe ground and the trees are beginning to
look fresh and green. Farmers in every
direction are busy plowing. We have
bad no rain tbia Spring. A good show
er or two would not be unacceptable to
the Farmers and vegetation.
River. The river still continues low.
and difficult of navigation. During the
past week, we haro had the following
Up. Florence, Friday.
Dovn. Emilie, Tuesday ; Omaha,
XT We are under obligations to Hon
M. J. Parrott, for a copy of Henry Win
ter Davis' speech, skinning the Maryland
Legislature ; and to Hon. Benj. F. Jun
kin, M. C, of Pennsylvania, for the ex
cellent speech of Mr. Grow, on tbe
y A Republican Township meeting
was called, at Highland, on Monday
evening, to nominate candidates for
Township officers, dtc We bar not
heard whether it met or not ; or, if it did.
what nominations were made.
A man in Oregon had his skull
cracked, last week. ' Cause, whiskey ad
ministered by one man, and aa axe-handle
by another. We consider that foul
play. Two men on one certainly is not
Wholesome RxroRx. Colfax, of In
diaaa, has submitted a bill and report
to tbe House, wnica embrace these re
forms: 1. Tbe abolition of the Franking Priv-
2. Promptdelivsry of all letters mailed
to tbe persons severally addressed.
3. Th work of tbe Department inside
aa wall aa outside of Poetoflices, to be
awarded to tb lowest reasonable bidders.
Th Dayton Journal, a Republicsa
organ, has come out ia a strong article
against Chaw for the Presidency. It
saya he teontt ecery Mmj. 1
Tilt Eepublicaa Candidates for the
Washixoto. March 7, 1860.
While considerable attention is attrac
ted to tbe Charleston Convention, because
it ia the first that is to be held, great inter
est is felt in regard to that which fa to as
semble at Chicago on the 16th of May.
Tbe opposition to the Democratic party
ia as much divided in regard to a .candi
date aa their adversaries.
A very active movement is on foot in
Washington, in favor of the Hon. Ed
ward Bates of 8t- Louis. His friends
are energetic, enthusiastic and powerful.
They claim that be eao carry Missouri,
and that be has every right to expect the
Republican vote of the North, inasmuch
as, although living in a slave State, and
a slaveholder by inheritance, he has freed
his slaves, and has thus practically real
ized hia attachment to what is understood
to be the Republican theory. They also
allege that he is sound upon tbe tariff
question, sound upon the Pacific Kail road,
and eminently 'conservative in all his
But the friends of Mr. Seward sre an
daunted and untiring. They assert that
he is entitled to the nomination to the first
office of .theAmerican people, because be
is the rep4?ntative of the Republican
idea i and sopth to say greatly slandered
as be baa beeo, he-is, in fact and in deed,
among the most liberal and enlightened
men in the Congress of tbe United States.
I bad tbe pleasure, some evenings ago, in
a mixed company, to meet Mr. Seward,
for the the third time in my life, face to
face, and to hear him describe his Euro
pean tour." Mr. Seward is quite original
and inteiesting in his descriptions of his
experience m Europe. He dre.v a con
trast between the leaders of the Uritisn
Parliament and the leaders of the American
Parliament, and I was much struck with
the manner in which he confronted
Brougham, and Stanley, and Disraeli,
and others, with those whom he had se
lected aa their counterparts in the United
States. If he "would only, before an au
dience of his countrymen, repeat what 1
heard him say the other evening, he
would confer a great benefit upon our
people. . , .
, Mr. Seward has many warm and at
tached friends, and I believe if he were
elected President, he wonld disappoint
alike those who think he is disposed to
overthrow the institutions of the Sooth,
and those who believe he is devoted to
extreme abolition doctrines.
Then we have General Cameron, of
Pennsylvania, who, let me do justice to
say, ia suppoited by a large number of
leading men throughout the country.
His history is one of energy, snd enter
prise, and pluck, and although he defeat
ed yon for Che Senate, I do not think it
would lecome you to deny the qualities
that everybody concedes to bim.
Hon. John M. Read, one of the Justi
ces of the Supreme Court of Pennsylva
nia, is also favorably regarded by many
as a candidate who may coraen as a com
promise after the chief aspirants have
been defated. Mr. Read is a jurist of
great intellect, and of spotless personal
Gov. Chase, of Ohio, has many adhe
rents ; Gov. Banks, ' of Massachusetts,
has his friends ; John Bell, of Tennessee,
is presented as a sort of Union candidate;
and even General Scott is being named in
certain quarters as an avialability at hand,
if all things should fail.
The Southern Opposition are looking
to Bates and Bell, and you will perceive
that the Constitntional Union party have
fixed npon the ninth of May, and Balti
more as the place for the holding of their
Convention. This movement is intended
to anticipate Chicago, and take advan
tage of all the dissensions that may grow
out of the Charleston Convention. They
expect to suggest a candidate for Chicago,
and they will unqnestionably have a large
representation of national men present.
Corrtipondtnce of the Philadelphia
Wasbingtox, March 12.
The Homestead bill which passed the
House to-day, provides that any person
who is the head of a family, or who has
arrived at the age of 21 years, and is a
citizen of the United States, or who shall
have declared hia intentions to become
such ; shall be entitled to enter free of
cost one hundred and sixty (160) acres
of public land, upon which such persen
may have fixed a pre eruption claim,
which may at the time such application
ia made be subject to pre-emption at a
dollar and a qnarter or less per acre, or
eighty acres at two and a half dollars per
No certificate or patent is to be issued
until the expiration of five years from
the date of entry, and on payment of 10
dollars, rights are secured to the ac
tual settler to issue to heirs and devices
The lands acquired, which are then in no
event, to become liable for the satisfac
tion of any debts contracted prior to the
issue of tbe patent
Washington, March 16.
The Homestead Bill, which passed the
House, wss referred, in the senate, to tbe
Committee on Public Lands. That Com
mittee recommended the striking oat of
tbe enacting clause, and inserting th bill
drafted by Mr. Johnson, of lenn. Mr.
Johnson's bill excludes among those who
shall have the benefit of th pubnc lands,
single men over twenty-on vesrs of aire.
widows witbout children, and foreigners
who msy declare their intentions after
th passage of th bill, and only alio
those who are recipients of lands under
tbe bill to receive alternate sections.
The House bill include the parti'
named above. .
It is said the Republicans will accept
Johnson s bill u tbey cannot get that one
which passed tb House.
A Retobucax Tsicmth is Wyaxdot.
Tbs Republicans of Wyandot triumph
ed in the municipal election held in that
city on Tuesday last, electing their whole
ticket by 40 majority. Mr.McMath aays
it's all owing to local issues. It looks to
us a little aa though McMath's pro-alav-ry
vote had produced a healthy home
reaction. Lmwrtnet Jtepublicon.
Every member of Congress who voted
sgainst the Homestead bill represents a
slsveholding constituency, while th only
Southerner who voted for it was Mr.
Craig of Missouri. Th vote was 114 to
66. Only two Bnshananites were, on the
The Passage between Messrs. Davis
and Van Wyck.
The following is the report of the oc
currence in tbe Globe :
Mr. Vsn Wyck Sir, I indulge in no
unkind remark to wound th feelings of
any man, bnt the charge must be met,
and history vindicated, let the conse
quences fall where and as tbey may. One
other gentleman spoke of Massachusetts
burning witches in the ancient times.
Does he not know tha your own people
burn slaves at the stake, and it seems to
waken no horrot in your minds.
Mr. Davis of Miss, (interrupting) I
pronounce the gentlem in a liar and scoun
drel. I pronounce the gentleman' asser
tion false utterly false.
Mr. Van Wyck my time is short,
snd I hope not to be interrupted.
Mr. Davis of Miss. You have no
right to utter such foul snd false slanders.
Mr. Gartrell I rise to a point of or
der. It is thst no member upen this
floor has a right to libel the people of any
section of this country, and then deny the
representatives of that people tbe right
to reply. I pronounce the assertion made
by the gentleman false and unfounded.
Cries of "Order" on the Republican
Mr. Van Wyck I hare heard such
words before, and am not to be disturbed
nor interfered with by any Mastering of
that sort. I sm not here to libel any
part of the Union.
Mr. Davis of Miss. Will you go out-!
side the District of Columbia and test
the question of petsonal courage with any
Southern man ?
Mr. Van Wyck I travel anywhere,
and without fear of any ons. Fr the
first eight weeks of this sai"n you stood
npon this floor continually IsUIioaj the
North and the people of lie ft States,
charging them with treason and all man
ner of crimes ; and now you are thrown
into a great rage when I tell you a few
Mr. Davis of Miss. Mr. Chairman
The Chair The gentleman from New
York cannot be interrupted except by a
point of order, and the Chair appeals to
the gentlemen of the Committee not to
violate the rules of the ISuse. The
Chair trusts they will not do so.
Mr. Davis of Miss. I shall observe
them. Sir, if others do not ; bat I cer
tainly will not permit Southern people to
be slandered. '
Mr. Van Wyck If gentlemen are so
sensitive in regard to their own feeling,
I ask them to be as sensitive as to the
feelings of others ; if they were, we
wonld not have had such wholesale de
nunciations of the people of the North,
as we had during the first eight weeks of
this session. J. S. P.
. Washhgtoh, March 13.
The government has been informed
that the steamer Brooklyn, at Norfolk, is
now ready for sea.
Minister McLane will probably leave
here on Thursday for Vera Crux. It ia
considered important that he should
reach there as soon as possible, in view
of the reported intention of the Miramon
party to blockade that port, which will
certainly be resitted on the part of th
Col. Forney ssys the rnmors thst Mr.
Boynton has absconded with a portion of
the funds of the Houa-of.lpTeaentatives,
is not true. . Not a dollar of the money
entrusted to the Clerk, ever reached his
The North American Telegraph Asao
nation bave been in session in this city
for several days. They " have succeeded
in effecting arrangements to construct
line to California, provided Congress
snail authorize a contract for the Govern
ment business for ten years, at the Ion
price of $50,000.
The House Committees on Elections,
upon application of counsel of Mr. Bar
rett, whose seat is centested by Mr. Blair
have granted them until 1 hursday, to
prepare their preliminary motion, before
testimony taken by Mr. Bluircan be con
There is a fair prospect that Kansas
will be admitted" this session under the
Tbe lowest estimates of the cost of ta
king the census this year, is "81,500,000
It will probably reach 92.000,000.
Washwotcn, March 18.
There was an adjourned meetiutr of
Congressmen from Mississippi, Alabama
and Sontb Carolina to night, in eon
nection with a proposition fer a Southern
Convention, to be held in Jane, South
Carolina, it will be remembered, excited
the movement. Virginia declines to
participate in it, snd Mississippi and Al
abama approved and arranged for the ap
pointment of delegates, but the South
Carolina Legislator adjourned without
any such action. It is understood that
lb object of the meeting was to agree up
on some plsn by which attention from the
last named State can be secured, although
ho formal proposition was adopted. The
majority inclined to th opinion that the
Uovernor of South Carolina should i
sembl th Legislature of that State to
select delegates, and of this h will prob
ably soon be informed.
Baltimore, March 17.
A gentleman just from Washington
says that the feeling of the Democratic
National Committee strongly favors hav
ing tbe National Democratic Convention
meet at Baltimore, as it appears 6b be
impossible for the large masses of the peo
ple likely to attend to get eccommoda
tionsat Charleston, even at exorbitant
prices. Prominent citizens offer to furn
ish the Maryland Institute, and several
other large halls, for the Committee
rooms, delegations, &c, free of cost, snd
all the hotels and eating houses hsve
msde a pledge to make no advance in
rates. Tbe citizens, also, without die
tinction of party, will throw open their
doors for tbe accommodation of tb vast
crowds. As a further inducement, tbe
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and those
connected with it from th West, will re
duce the rates of fare one-half.
Tbe Cincinnati Times classifies tb four
delegates to Chicago from Hamilton
county, elected on tbe 22d. as "three for
Bates and on for Chase."
The delegates to the Chicago Conven
tion from ShariAna Ttulnrt in OK in
are instructed to go tor Chase, as their
Eon. Mr. Seward on the Admission of
Mr. Seward presented a memorial of
the Legislature of Kansas, praying for ad
mission into the Union.
Mr. Seward then spoke : He opened
by remarking on the evils of slavery.
Labor, either of fellowmen, or of slaves,
was tbe cardinal necessity of society.
Some States have one kind, and aome
tbe other. The Slave State strikes down
and afldcts to extinguish th personality
of tbe laborer, not only as a member of
the political body, bnt also as a parent,
husband, child, neighbor, or friend. He
thna becomes, in a political view, merely
property, without moral capacity, and
without domestic, moral, or social rela
tions, duties, rights or remedies, a chat
tel, an object or bargain, sale, gift, in
heritance or theft. Tbe States protect
not the slave as a man. but the capital
of another man, which he represents ia
Mr. Seward reviewed the condition of
the free laborer and the Free States. He
said the State that repels slavery, encour
ages the laborer by maintaining and de
veloping his national personality in all
the rights and faculties of manhood, and
with the privilege of citizenship. He
thought he might not inaccurately call
the Slave States "capital Stales." In
the opinion of Mr. S., the fathers of the
Republic adjusted tbe slavery question,
ao that it might have given us much less
than our present disquiet, had not cir
cumstances afterwards occurred which
they had not clearly foreseen.
He condemned the practice of slavery,
and hoped for its discontinuance. They
expressed this as a fundamental principle
in the Declaration of Independence, that
all men are created equal, and thought
the Constitution recognued every human
being not as capital, but as a person. Af
ter giving a brief history of the settlement
ot Louisiana 1 erritory, the speaker refer
red to the question of Congress legisla
ting for the teritones. The question of
1820 was identically the question of 13-
6U. Lie alluded to the conflict going on
between freedom and slavery. The Dora
ocratic party was generally found sup
porting a policy of capital. He quoted
instances Mr. Van Buren launched a
prospective veto against the anticipated
measure of removing slavery from the
District of Columbia.' A Democratic
Congress brought Texas into the Union,
stipulating practicabilities for its future
organization into four Slave States.
Mr. Seward referred briefly to the re
peal of the Missouri compromise and its
effects npon ths Territory . of Kansas.
Immediately after that event tbe Whig
party went down, never to rise agaia,
and the Republican party was organized.
He spoke of the efforts of Democrats to
make Kansas a Slave State, and to force
it into the Union as such, and denounced
that party's efforts to mask itself behind
the battery of the bupreme Conrt. The
same party was itself responsible for the
act to subvert the free Republic of Nicar
agna and open it to slavery and ths Afri
can Slave TraJe.
Mr. Seward said the Republican par
ty embodies the popular protest and re
action agaiust a policy which has been
fastened upon nation by surprise, and
which the reason and conscience of man
kind condemn. He spoke of the coming
ir residential campaign. aul tbe lU'publi
cans holding to the principles of preven
ting the Territories by Constitutional
meana from becoming homes for slavery
He said the policy of the Republican
party was to stand by the freedom of
speech and of th press. The speedy im
proves ant of the pnblic domain by home
stead laws, and it will encourage min
ing, manufactures and International
Commerce. He waa no assailant of
States. All the States, were parcels of
his own country. He said it was well
and wisely arranged that the States were
sovereign on the sunjett of slavery with
in their own borders. He said that John
Brown and bis associates acted on earnest
though fatally erroneous convictions. He
pronounced it an act of sedition and trea
son, and criminal in just the extent that
it affected the pnblic peace, and waa de
structive of human life. He did not think
anything aerious would grow out of tbe
repeated threats to dissolve the Union.
The Washington correspondent of the
. Y. 1 ost, says :
Mr. Douglas looses ground here daily,
and one of hi most intimat friends wss
heard to declare, a day or two since, that
Mr. Douglas bad no expectation of the
nomination. 1 hia canaot be true, bo
ever. Tor tbe Illinois Senator ia a man
of very sanguine, hopeful . temperament
and constitution. He thinks, doubt !
that his chances sre fair at Charleston :
if he did not he certainly would not have
run the risk of ruining himself at the
North by the delivery of such a speech as
thst in reply to Mr. Seward. The frisnds
of Mr. Doaglas, however, have professed
y given up tbeir hopes of his nomination,
. . . --i . i -
bnt expect, ana aim to select me candi
date, and be will doubtless be a Southern
Thi Ciacus ktro Nioota Show.' Tbe
most striking, comparison we have beard
given between Seward and Douglas, wss
at th dinner table a tew day since :
Mr. Seward goes forth amongst the peo
pie with his great show, snd excites the
wonder and admiration ot the world, jur.
Douglas follows him around (knowing
full well be will go into the country,; and
when the circus is out he cries to the dis-
persinz crowd at the entrance of his two
penny "nigger snow. o. Joe. srte
The death of John O. Boksr, a weal
thy German merchant of New York, is
announced. He was owner of th fa
mous Daseeldorf gallery of paintings,
which be sold to tbe Cosmopolitan Art
Association a year or two since. He
was also father of the celebrated "Mary
Ann," whose freak of marrying her fath-
era coachman, Jhn Deso. created snob
a sensation in tbe fashionable world some
two or three yesrs sine. '
The Opposition State Convention of
Carolina, on tb Zil ulL, nominated
Wm. A Graham fur the Presidency.
Kenneth Rsynor mad a vigorous speech
sgainst th Democracy. He said the
Americans from North Carolina, is Con
gress, should never have voted for a Dem
ocrat to defeat a Republican, and landed
Winter Davis for hia manly, in de Dea
dest and patriotic conduct.. - 1
EiOE. TheQuincy (HI.)
III 1 ...7
pnblican contains an acnn
in. i w .
bloody and fiendish ootrara
at Lagrange, Mo.. roDD0.it. W.rl
tbe Mississippi river,) by ptrt 7" a
slavery Democratic ruffian, il .P""
of the outrage was a respectable p
citizen of Lagrange, n.mi t- . Ifi
Lagrange, nam! v. V
Shaller. He has been a r-S. '
sonri for twelve yean, and .... v. ,
r twelve years, and sara h. k
ated the Deraocratiet;!vl,,M1
wave voted the Democrat! ;!.-
The offence of which he
was th-t he had assisted alaves .
They .eized him on mere supiri0,
without giv-ng him a trial Carri,.V !?'
to the woods, fastened
.... . . rope lron
neck, and hnng him on a tree K.
3 i- ... oat
uiui uuvnu ioi I Deo
strip him naked snd
most fiendish manner, with a rv-.
will. Krnl. .n.I I .WM
I ne day was extremely cold t
d freezing, hi. v... '
pletely encrusted with purple ic.
Alter naving almost killed him,
ceased their torture and left, at
curses on his head. II. im.i:. . ,
escaped from Missonri. and crossing i
river, presented himself at the koni rf
hia brother-in law. Mr. Desbach,
Quinry. a most horrible spectacle.
Mr. Shaller declares that be new ta
pered with slaves, as he could haviPro
en if they had given him a trial-never
helped any to escape, nor encouraged tbs
escape of slaves. He has always beeg
quiet citizen, bnt baa probably oted with
tbe tyrant Democracy for the last Um
Fort Stephensoji. Among themss.
points of classic interest in north-westers
Ohio, is old Fort Stephenson, at Ttt
mont, made memorable by the gallant
and successful defence of Col. Croghsn
on the 2d Angnst. 1813. We W thst
the site of the old Fort is now for ule
and that a meeting of the citizens of Fr-'
mont has been held to device means of pnr
rhasing it. It is proposed to petitioathe
Legislature for authority to levy a Ra
cial tax on the property of the village
until the grounds are paid for. Tha sits
comprises six lots, which aie now offered
for sale upon very reasonable terms.
The Fort Wayne Times denounces
Gov. Willard very severely for pardon
ing ont of the Pennitentiary one Perry
Randolph, of DeKalb county. Among
the documents which secured the pardon
is a "letter from Henry Monro, better
known hereabouts as "Col." Monroe.
The Col. saya hi pardon would be "en
tirely gratifying to his friends, of which
he has many in this county, a him end
his father are the leaders the Dmo
ermtie party in tltat umaty !" This lucid
and patriotic appeal doubtless did tb
The President h.Tln .nnrn.l f it,.
post-office bill it ia therefore now a law.
A amended previous to it passage it
sppropr ates 84,002.096 for supplying the
deficiency in the revenue snd defrsying
the expenses of the Dpartment for tbe
year ending with June last, and towarJ
the support of tbe Department for tbe
fiscal year ending in June next 84.000.-
000. and a further snm of 8S.4OO.O0O.
on payment of the salaries of th officers
and clerks, transportation of mails, wrap
ping paper, bags, stamps, dtc.
Novel Celebratio or thi Twtirrr.
fiecosn. Tliey celebrated the 22J ia
Lexington. Va., with addresses and ads
bate by a literary society. The qoestioa
debated waa :
"Ought tbe South adhere to the Cs
ion in the event of the election of Wat.
H. Seward to tlie Presidency V
That's Southern patriotism to de
bate, npon the anniversary of the birth
of the Father of his Country, th ques
tion whether the South ought to commit
A Shaiip Transaction. An exchange
papers states that a fellow in Venango
county. Pa., profited in th following
manner by the "oil excitement" nw pre
vailing so extensively in the western and
northwestern part of Pennsylvaaia. He
bored a hole on his land, ponred a bar
rel of oil in it, and then called his neigh
bors to see the large yield. The result
was thst he sold his Isnd for 82.000 ia
cash, pocketed the money, oiled his boot
Two-Edged. Non-intercourse is
game two can play at. Certain Balti
more firms hsve withdraws their sub
scriptions and patronage frem the Bal
timore Evening Patriot becaase that pa
per sustained Mr. H. W. Dsvis' eoars
in voting for Pennington. Certain Wes
tern papers, we notice, are notifying Wes
tern dealers of this fact, and urging them,
when tbey go to Baltimore, not to pat
ronize these ultra Southern merchants.
Ma. Col. Memminger's hold bill
while stopping at Richmond for th pur
pose of dissolving tbe Union. asMaated
to above nine hundred dollars, which was
paid by the Virginia Legislature, after a
little decent grumbling. No wonder ttal
8ootb Carolina i plucky, when her am
bassador devours one negro per week os
A Disniienoir act sotMccb Ditto-
Eire. The editor of Tennessee pep
"r,: c l
Waeannnt eonnteusncs Bewart, ew
cause h is seonylrel snd T0"V""
W cannot countenance Douglas, osesos
he is a scoundrel and oVatsr it
a n,.i. f.wrwTwnt n Voenr-
U.-Tb. Wheeling ( Va) J-jg-f
contains the proceedings of a W"
ean" meeting held ra Hancock ecty.
Ta.. (th pan-baadle) which appoints
delegates to a general" eoavtiet'
held ia Wheeling on th. 24th ot J-
. n . -Pti "Union Coa-
vention." at Binghemton. contained is
as many delegates as John iJroww
soldiers at Harper's Terry-""-"
without th "niggers." AV
Journal. ' '
It is stated that an agent of th Dou
i tti:u saw in
ton with sixty thousand doHsr. w ,
expended in securing th nomfiiati '
Douglss at Charleston.
A a iwuaa i a - rkatt.
death of Mrs. J5ii"
widow of tberfbrstsd Dsvy Croc
ia tbe seventy-fourth year of her eg
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