Newspaper Page Text
jhLccr : (louzf S- tw?w A1 3s3l H bf : Wfc-TfJr.-SJi- T SF? erl -3 TTf SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AM) PUBLISHER. . TTTT! CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION. TERMS-$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADYAKCE. V-fVX xhj Ctlouii jfatfri 6rf. '- , J ) r i . i i; '- r L. VOLUME XVI.-KU3IBER 2.1 ftflicc coLvnm.v. ET TOIOTHT DWICF1T. CaaumLIa, ColumliU. to glory ariju. The quefD of tie world, and the child of the Um ! Thy genius command) thrc; with rapture behold. 'While ages on ases thy ajilendors onfuld. Thy reifQ i the laM. and the noble, of time ; Moat fruitful thy soil, most .nviticj: thy clime; Xt the crimes t the East ne'er enerimfton thy name Be freedom and science and virtue thy Came. To ennqoest and slaughter let Europe aspire: AVhelm nations In blood, and wrap citfta In flr; Thy heroes the rights of mankind shall defend. And triumph pnrao them, and clory atteniL A world is thy realm for a wirM le thy laws, Hnlarpe! as thine empire, snd just aa thy cause; On Freedom's broad bssls that empire hll rise. Extend with the main, and dissolve with the aUca. Xl Scftnce Iter rate to thy sons sliall unbar. And the east sre thymufn bide tli Warns of her star; New lards and new safes nnriralleil shall soar To fame iniextinjmib-d when time in no more; To thee, the lat rt-foxc of virtue designed. Shall fly from all nations the In-, of mankind ; finis, cratefnl to Heaven, with transport nliall bring Their incense, more fragrant than odors of Spring. Xor less shall thy fhirones tozlbryacend. And genius and beanty in harmony blri.d; The craces of form sliall avaVe pure tlrr-are. And the charms of the winl ever cherish the fire; Their eetims ninuincled, th-ir mant-m. refinrd. And virtue' bright image c ntaniied on the mind. With jw-ace and soft raptore shall teach life to jlow. And light up a smile on the cj-iwct of wm. Thy fleets to all regions thy power nhall display. The nations adrairr. and thit oresu oWv ; t'jtch slwrt-10 thy gtorv itn tribute unf.-.-. Ad the East ami the .smith yield their spices and gold. As the dayprliig. unboiuided thy splendor Khali fluw. And earth' little Unburns before the- ".tall bow. While the ensigns of Union. In triumph unfurled, JIush the tumult of war, and give j-eaco to the world. Thus, as down a bme valley, with cedars o'erspread, lYom war's dread confusion. I prrmlrely slrayeil. The uloom from the fare of fair beaten retired; The winds reasetl to mnrmnr, the thunders expired; IVrfumes, as of Elen, flowed sweetly along. And a voice, an of sngels. enchantingly snng: "Columbia, Columbia, to glory arie. The queen of the world, and the child of the sVles! CQlAniUlA., TllV: CV.U OF TltK Oil: AT. BT JOHN II. HEWITT, EMJ-, OF lULTHIOtlE. O, Colnmbia, the gem of the ean. The home of the brave and the free! The shrine of each patriot's devotion, A world offers homage to thee. Thv mandates male heroes aiwcmble. When liberty form stands in liew; Thv banners make tyranny tremble. When tmrne by the lied. White and Ilhie! Tliv-banners make tyranny tremble. When borne by the Ked, White ami Blue! When war wfngrtl its wide desolation. And threateneil the land to deform. The ark. then, of freedom foundation, Colnmbia rode safe through the storm. With her garland of ictnrv around her. When so tdoutly slie Imre lier brave crew, "With her flags proudly floating before her. The hnant of tiie Ked. White and Itlue! "With her flags proudlv thtting Wfore lier. The Uiast of the lied, While aud ltlue! The wlne-ciiji, the wine-cup. bring hither, Aud fill you ft true to the brim: Hay the wreathe they have won never wither, 2wrtbctarof their giry grow dim! ilav the service united ae'er sever. Hot tiiey to their colors prove true; The Armv and Xavv forever! Three cheer for the KhI. White and ISti! The Armv and Xaw forever' Three cheers for the Ked, White and Blue! Select hxu A TALE OF THE EEVOLUTIOIT. It was on the Cth of July, 1770. that Morgan Lewis, Quartermaster General of tie division of the Continental army commanded by. General Hf, Clair, was disjiatciied by that officer, down the banks of the Hudson, to watch the inove-ments-of the British General Burgoyne, who was advancing, by forced marches, mi Ft. Kdtvard a fortification jdaced at a short distance from what is now the village of Sandy Hill, commanding the western entrance to tho river. On his way to fulfill the important mission of his commander, Lewis was surprised to find, in the wild forest scenery, which, on every side, sur rounded h1ui, a cottage presenting a tout maemble in which natuie. n:itl art vied with each other for the supremacy of rural beauty. The woodhiuC) wild roso aud honeysuckle, hung in frraceTul festoous around the entrance to the wilderness abmhj; a garden, reinanvable for its neatness and the rich variety of foreign aud indi genous plants, imparted an ever-varying jK-rfume in the siirniuiidini? ntmosnbere: while the Yew tree, aud cypress, waving their sombre branches. in the wild luxuriance ot nature, aililn choly grace to tho more simple lMUiit tvlvau retreat. "What have we here!" said General Lewis, addressing Lieutenant Palmer, one of his aids. "We arc certainly on fairy land, for ton beauti ful abode presents au unearthly appearance in contrast with the rugged aud rocky wilds in which it has sprung up!" "If you will permit me, General," said Palmer, " 1 will pay my devoirs to the gldess who has selected it "for her abode; if, like another Tale inachus, I liecome ensnared hv the charms of a Oalyrso, I have at least, like him,, a "Men tor .by niyside." "General Lewis linntsl in acknowledgment of the compliment which tho tnung officer had paid litm. "If I am not irrentlv mistaken." said he. "you will be richly repaid by your visit: the taste displayed in the exterior decoration ot tins - nuished woodland scene, gives evidence of an in-, telligence not ofteu found nuder the solitary jn ".tection of the rock and mountain seldom, it ev er" surpassed in the cultivated walks of society. But, independently of the promptings of inclina tion, we have a duty to perform towards the in mates of the cottage; Burgoyne, with his whole force, is rapidly approaching on the fort. This simple and sequestered abode lies directly in his path; his arast rorir will probably be the sav age Mohawks or the tierce Mohicaus: the first announcement of their approach will lie the dreaded war-whoop; its quick and final results the gory scalps of their mutilated victims. Should the victims escape the fury of the savages, thev would still be exposed to the consequences of a battle between our own troops and the Brit ish. Wo shall therefore perform an act of hnman itv, miftgled with a pleasing gratification, in ' making ourselves acquainted- with those secluded dwellers in the forest ; bear to them my respects. nml "uarantce to them auy means of seenrity xritih ns American omceiTs "c tiln tl',"vl The voung soiuier umciini i . ...-....... . .v...-.-. ...p ....,. ........ his horse ami in a few seconds arrived at the out- Mrs. Campbell and her ward beiugplac.il in er uate of. the mvsterions' cottage. Having dis- their saddles, the escort proceeded on its way to mounted lie asceuded an inclined plane, screened the British camp, watched on its outskirts by from the'noonday sun bv an avenue of branrhiug Palmer aud his little band elms, and arrived at the"door of tho cottage. His As the party forming the escort were ascending approach haduot lieen unobserved by the inmates, a considerable ascent north of the village of San w'ho formed the only permanent dwellers in this dy Hill, auothcr group of savages ordered them woodlau.1 home, an elderly lady, and a lovely to halt. .,...,,.,. a toiiii" girl just budding into womanhood. It now became evident to the fair fugitive and Tlie entle rap had scarcely announced the to Palmer, who was removed but a short distance esciice of the stranger, when the door opeued, md the young soldier, with head uncovered, stood licfore the dignified form of the elder female. Time had made but slight impression on her ..ntnaiice': the piercing raven eye still retain ed its original brilliancy, while the high and am- . ! i j ...,-An.i.innde vifirel th nrounre ule forehead uucoiisciously evinced the presence of the iutellectnal spirit that reigned within. raltner " to saji nat if agreeable, he will be hap- nr to 'uav his respects to you. Two motives "lam commissioned uyoeuenu u:nis, sain .at Jla? - !IA ftatl tA lists. to pay his respects iiromnted him to make this oiler; the one to form j.ieasinir arn"0nlfauce U1 t"ess ary wilus, 'L. s-nnr rural retreat seems to lie the only temple of miuiauiiy, uioou.c.,. ...-..' intelligence that may be, of the utmost import ance to your future security." , "Independently of any conannnication which your commanding officer may wish to make, it will give us pleasure to receive his visit," replied Mrs- Campbell, ina strong Highland accent; "but will yon not come in and partake of such refresh ment as we can offer t The presence of a strang er does not often add a pleasing variety to onr social enjoyments.". The Lientenant bowed, and conducted Dy Sits. Campbell, entered the cottage. Jfthe exterior of tjie dwelling, bad impressed " -S , .. ATm On oiamnilllllMia the commander and hig aids with respect for the Renins to whom it was indebted for its tasteful decorations, the interior was calenlated to excito the highest almiration in cverv loTer of the sim ple and beautiful. The entrance room was decorated with grottoes formed of the various kinds of moss which the wilderness presented, Mudded with shells of eyerj- size aud variety, the former inhabitants of distant climes. On a reat oaken table lav botan ical specimens of the indigenous plants which the forest afl'orded, while exotics and American flow ering shrub?, tastefully arranged in different por tions of the apartment, shed a rich perfume. While viewing these natural embellishments with rapt astonishment, an contrasting them with the towering and nigged ramparts of na ture with which their temple was surrounded, the soft note-t of a guitar fell upon the ear of the young soldier. He started for a moment, when Sirs. Campbell saiil : " ' "The music which vou hear is from mr want- to whom I had forgotten to introduce you. I will, however, make up for the omission. We will find her in the next room, as gay as tho birds which carol to her the morning and evening song, and as pure, aa the elements of nature anion" which she moves." " ifrs. Campbell and 1'almer enit-rrri ill- mum ui softly that tho sweet musician, iiueonscions of tneir presence, still continued at her pleasing la W, accompanying the instrument with her voice Iong auburn hair, in Honing ringlets, was scattered in profusion over a bust that vied in whiteness with the Parian marble, and impart ed a peculiar beanty to the exterior of a form which would have afforded an exuuisito model for tlie sculptor's chisel. She had ended her plaintive wing, and was alMiut to replace her guitar in its appropriate sit uation, when Mrs. Campbell said: "Mary, we are honored with a visit from a young American officer; jiermit me to introduce to you Lieutenant rainier." The lovely girl turned around, and, as her blue nzurc eyes encnunteritl those of the young lieu tenant, a criuiMiu flush, the natural revelation of artless intelligence and leauty, lighted up her countenance. "You are welcome to the nlNsln of L tho forest's daughter, for I can wcarcclv claim an v other parentage," said she, extending her hand to the young officer. Does your forc.-t afford any more such daugh ters?" said 1'almer, plaj fully." " I should be hap py in lieing introduced to them." "Ipresi not," replied Mary; then, thonght- fnlly, kIii-continued: "It may, peihaps, ere long, have one Ies. Oh! that the inaddess of ambi tion would cease to sacrifice its victims; that the sword might return to the scabbard until the stern mandates of Justice, not the lut of cnu piest, requires its withdrawal; that the smok ing hecatombs of humanity might cease to send up the incense of human blood to heaven, that the world might rejsise in peace. Pardon me," she continued; "gloomy foreboding, perhaps the offspring of our peculiar secluded life, will sometimes involuntarily urine. May I now ak to what circumtauces we are iudi-bted for this pleasing ijtf" "(leneral Lewis," replied the young officer, "has been deputed by his sniK'rior officer to trav erse the banks of the Hudson, in order to watch the movements of the Ilritish General Ilurgoyne, who. with his tnsips, is approaching the Ameri can lines. I am one of Central Lewis aids, and am eoiuinissioueil by him to otfer you any protec tion which unprotected virtue may claim or American courage can bestow." t ""I thank you," replied Mary, "but I cannot consistently accept your offer. My refusal may cost a painful effort, but yonrgeiierosity demands, and shall havetmy confidence and candor. 1 lint e a friend who has for some time lieen ardent ly attached to mc, now a commissioned officer in the Uritish army. I have this morning received a communication from him, stating that an es cort will Iw sent to couvey me withiu the Ilritish lines. Whatever may be my future destiny; whether to survive or perish, my honor-is pledg ed, aud must be redeemed ;t any sacrifice." "May I be permitted to ask 3Iiss McCrea," saiil Palmer, "who will form her escort! 1 have no sinister motive in so doing my object is to insure, if Mssib!e, her personal safety." "I presume," said Mary, "it will be composed of the aborigines; they alone are able, miobsrrv- ,ed, to thread the windings of the forest." "I cannot accompany yon to the Jtntish lines," said Palmeri "but I should disgrace the uniform I wear, if I suffered you to commit yourself to the Wild protection of the impulsive savages, without accompanying yon so far as my duty as an American otiicer permitted. Allow me still further to trespass on your confidence, by asking when the escort wiHarrivef " "lesneet it to-morrow." renlied Marv: "but do not. 1 lieserch you, place your life in jeopardy on mv account, junior Junes win uououess se lect his men, ami will insure our safety by retaili ng hostages for tlie strict penorniance oi me contract entered into with the Indians. l neeu nl a melan-, not, I am sure, add that you will not take any ties of the, p undue advantage, in a military view, of the com innnicatiou which I have made." "I will not. on the honor ora soMier, replied Palmer. "Adieu; I must now return to my com manding officer. Tomorrow, attended by a few of our troops. I shall be with you. We will hov--er on the outskirts of your escort, near etiough to render assistance, if necessary to secure safe tv. at all hazard." ""Generous and brave young man,? exclaimed Mary. aH 'I'1" young officer, mounting his charger, galliqieil in the difsction of tin; road leading to the fort. "Xobility is .the gift of nature; it be longs neither to condition nor country." The sun had scarcely risen almve the lofty trees of tin? forest, on the morning succeeding the visit of Lieutenant Palmer to tho cottage of Mrs. f Campbell and her ward :nmnlx-ll and her wanl. when the nmmised es cort ofiavages, headed by Ko-yo-to-was.se, a SIo- liican chief, arrived to conduct the fair inmates' to the British camp. Ko-t o-to-tt asse placed his finger on his lips, asif to impose silence during their journey to the British headquarters. The Indians had prepared horses for Mrs. Camp bell and her lovely wanl, and all were ready for deiiartnre, when Lieutenant Palmer, true to Ins , -i .. i .i i - promise, nrriveu ar me uu i irotirw.-uni twt tage of Mary McCrea. Ko-yo-ti-wass for a moment eyed the young oftioor withu silout iiikI fnvnge expression, in stinct with determined vengeance. At a signal tlie Imiws were lent, the arrtrtvs unsheathed, and pointed in the direction of the Lieutenant Miss McCrea. who had watched with intense emotion the movements of the savages, now sprang forward and threw herself licfore the lsxly of young. Palmer, at the same time extending to him her hand, an intimated token of her friend ship for him to.the savages, t The effect was instantaneous. In a moment tliolsiws were unbent, the arrows retnrneilto I "- --, ...... . ...... ..... ... .-.....v j... Irom tlie scene, that no inconsuleranle excitement had arised lietweeii the party of Indians proceed ing to Fort Ed wanl, and that by which they hail been met. One of the latter, rushing rudely forward to seize the bridle of Miss McCrea's horse, was tom- ahawked by one of her escorts, and fellacorpse j upon the ground. Tho eight' of blood inflamed me savages, ah resiraiui was oauuuje, iud I ilifftn ,ah m ml -l .! BA t.attfA lldSHimal IMtl. j war-whoop sounded, and the battle became gen- j t ral. , Determined, if possible, to save the life ot Jliss McCrea nml lier foster mother. Lieutenant rai- . mer, calling on- his three vallaint associates to . Tilllisn- It! in jlla.ll.1 1u1iI1-t inin 4 la a vmtilalf a 1 liia follow him. dashed boldlv into the midst ef the carnage. A second Indian, rushing forward to secure Miss McCrea, at the same moment flour ishing the deadly tomahawk, was immediately" shot by the young officer. Ko-yo-to-wasse now rushed forward among the combatants, and for a moment obtained a cessation of hostilities. Fixing his eyes sternly on the lovely, girl, for whose possession the savage contention had aris en, the chief drew a pistol and pointed it at his victim. Palmer watched the act,, and striking the arm of the savage with bis sword, the nner ring blade plowed its way through tbe muscles, tbe pistol dropped,from tbe murderous band, and. WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, the arm, thus deprived of motion, fell lifeless at tho side of the sanguinary chief. The young Lieutenant now called on the fe male portion of the escort to save themselves by flight, while he and his men kept the savages at bay; but Mary McCrea rcfuneil to leave her hero ic defender in danger. "I shall face the worst," said she; "yon shall not erish while I survive." Forgetful of their former hostile opposition, the savage'eombatants now united in giving battle to Palmer aud the, three soldiers under his command. Bravely Palmer and his three men met the In dians, hut they were unequal to the contest they fell, lighting for the angelic creature by their side. Wheu Lieutenant Palmer and his brave companions fell, the fury of the Indians was turned toward Miss Mary McCrea. She was killed by one stroke of the tomahawk. She died tho MM lovely, uiMi rreature, that distinguish ed her while living, the sacrifice of her own love. t.ltlERTY TttCC nr -rnoaus riix-c hkkt i-tousiied, jixt, IK Jo s rtiarint nf llplit. from the regluaa of lUy, Tlie t tmliletw of Librrtr rjmr: Tru tbonnaml clrtial ilirrrtisl tlie way. Ami hither eitmlurted the ilanie; A fiir.'bnililiii' braurh from the gardens abore. Where millions un ruillin4 ajree. She brimht I u her hantl. a. a pletlse f her lave. And the jtlant she nuneil Liberty Tree. The celeatul emtio struck deep lu the ground; Like a native it rhnirislfd and bore; The Cime ot its fruit drew the nations around. To week out this peaceable shore. TTntalndful of naaaen and distinctions, they came. For freemen like brotlien agree; "With one spirit endued, they one friendship pursued. And their temple wan Liberty Tree. Beneath this fair tree, like the tmtriarelis of old. Their bread In contentment they ate. Unrextsl sith the rouble of .ilrerand golI, Tlie care, of the grand and the great. With timlsT and tar they old England anppliod. And atiported tier powr "n the'nea; Her battles they fought. ithnnt getting a groat, Tor the honor of Liberty Tree. But hear. (X ye .wains, 'tis a tale most prufjne, Ilow all the tyranuieal .wers. King. Common, and Lord, are uniting again. To cut down this gnanlian of onra. From the east to the west blow the tmmpet to arms. Thro' the land let the wtnnd of it tlee; Let the for and the near all unite with a cheer. In d feuse of our Liberty Tree. smAPS OF IIINTORV. "Candidates for the Presidency and Vice-Presidency w ere formerly nominated by a caucus of the members of Congress. In lrJI, when party linen had liecnme obliterated and the neonle were snmc- what undetermined what lines to take up, an in- -;...i.. ...i.;..i. i i. e. it i.. ':'.. -i eeiiiuiii; niueii iiitMi!;iil. lOUT ClliKllliaieS 1IIIO IllO field, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, .William II. Crawford and Andrew Jackson, " there was much dissatisfaction with the Congressional cau cus system, ami it was abandoned. The first na tional convention was in ISiA. That year Gen eral Jackson and John C. Calhoun wrre nomina ted, the first for President and the second for Vice. At the next election, Gen. Jackson was te iioiuiiiaiid with slight tqqiosition; Mr. Calhoun was thnmn overboard, and Martin Van llureii nominated for Vice-President, receiving 'J03 votes out of the lid--' east. In lrtlo. Van Buret! was unanimously nominated for president, but the Virc-Presideucy was disputed, so n ballot was ta ken, resulting ill' the nomination nfliichard M. Johnson, of 'I'M'iimsch fame, over Wm. C. Kites, of Virginia. During these years the Whigs got along quite comfortably, as they were in a hope less minority, and there was no great strife for a nomination, either President or Vice-President, only to lie sacrificed. But in 1SJU their pros pects brightened, and candidates were pushed with iertinacity. The Whig convention assem bled, and entrusted the nomination to a commit tee, which balloted two days without arriving at a result. The subject was remanded back to tho convention, and General Harrison received the nomination, having 148 votes, to 90 for Clay and 10 for Scott. There was no contest for Vice President, John Tyler lieing unanimously nomi natiil on the first ballot. His subscqnoiit Jwiliti c.il career is one of the most interesting chapters in our jsilitical history. The same year the Dem ocratic convention unanimously re-nominated Mr. Van Buren, but found it impossible to agree upon a Vice-president. No nomination was made, the convention passing a resolution leav ing the decision to their I'epuhlirnti fellow citi zens in the several States. The election came, and Mr. Van Buren was defeated, receiving only fid electoral votes out of ')i. The vote for Vice President was. Johnson 4;, Littleton W. Tazewell 11, James K.Polk 1. In 1844 the Whigs unani mously and by acclamation nominated Henry C'lav. but balloted three times for a candidate for .Vice-President, finally selecting Frelinghnysen. ine I'cinocrats nan a irniiiiinns time in conven tion, balloting three days, finally selecting James K. Polk. Silas Wright was named for Vice-President with unanimity ; he declined, and George M. Dallas was selected. In 1S48 Gen. Cass was nominated for the Presidency at once, hut the Vice-Presidency was hotly contested, there being six candidates, Butler, of Kentucky, lieing fin ally selected. The Whigs had a stonny open ing for their rim vent ion, and much acrimony was exhibited before agreeing uioii Gen. Taylor. Millard Fillmore was selected for Vice-1'resideiit, there being no opposition. The Democrats were essentially damaged at this election by the run ning of Martin Van Buren as the Free Soil candi date, who received more than a quarter of a mil inu of votes. In 1S5C tribulation came upon the Whigs iu their convention, and six days were consumed in voting before the nomination of Gen. Scott was assured. A candidate for Vice President was nominated on the second ballot, Graham, of North Carolina. The Democrats had extreme difficulty in nominating, lieing forced to j liallot-forty-nine times, wlieu franklin 1'ierce wa nominated; the candidate for Vice-President was selected from ten names before ihe conven tion, lieing King, of Alabama, nominated on the second ballot. In lcCO, the Republican party a peareil for the first time ill the arena of national jHilitics. Gen. Fremont wasselected without any serious contest: there wer fifteen candidates for the Vice-Presidency, Dayton, of New Jersey, be ing nominated on the second formal liallot. The Democrats again had a weary time; balloting seventeen times liefore concentrating on James Buchanan, but nominating unanimously on the second ballot John C. Breck,enridge for Vice President.. The subsequent conventions have been so recent that we need not recapitulate the results. Haw (key Trral "lrait Apailea ia Ceraiur- The experience of a Mormon emissary, in North Germany will not tend to create a very great de sire, among his brethren in the faith to under take missionary work in that part of the world. Christian Hansen, a Dane by birth, lately made his appearance in the German Grand Duchy of Mecklcnlierg-Schwerin. He liegan at once preach ing Mormonism among the fishermen of that vil lage and the neighborhood, nnd in the following two,or three weeks persuaded about one hnndred and fifty persons tb embrace the faith of the Lat ter Day Saints, and to prepare for emigrating to Ftah. " Hansen promised to accompany them himself to the land of the Mormons, but two days previous to their departure was arrested by tho jKilice in Rostock; the principal commercial city bare bark, and to be imnrisoned for six months every other day on a diet of Bread and water. Hansen protested violently against the execution of tfiis sentence, and telegraphed to the Ambassa dor of the United States at Berlin, to interfere in his behalf. He received. theJashes, however, lie fore he rjieived. any iepljr fronrMr. Baneroft, and ta taken to tbe Correction Prison at Bnt zow. Mr. Bancroft refused to do anything for him, and Hansen will have to scire oat his time in Mecklenlierg prison. . Stefhex Pearl AxuimwaeUtes clearly enongb that "the absolutoid and abstractoid Elementisi mtts of Being echoes or' reappears by analogy within tbe relatoid and eoncretoid of elaboru mus." There is npthing mw in, this we always thought . ,, IJUsccitonij. of yiecklenlierg-Scbwenn, and the ponce jnuge of that place, having ascertained what he bail done, sentenced him to receive fifty lashes on tho J HORACE OBSELEr. -le Bis M kr Beatable, East- Horace Greeley cane into the world in the nsual way. Few would think it to look at him, but be did. Ilisancestors were as remote as they make them, and traces of old Adam were perceptible in his character and conduct while an infaut at the breast. Althongh horn without moral responsibility, he Caught it before he was weaned, and has had it pretty bid ever since. He tt as a child of farinaceon complexion, anil the first wonl he uttered was "braw." Becoming a vegetarian at the age oT tea months, he refused to cut his teeth un a bone nng'but did so with much cheerfulness aud success on a corn cob. t - There is a tradition extant iu New England where he was bom, that when six fvears old, the devil took him to the top of the White mountains, and offered to make him au office holder when big enough, if he would consent to lie inconsistent. He said he couldn't think of it for a moment. Thcfirst object in which he manifested any in terest when a Isiy, was a weather-cock, and he subsequently adopted that revolutionary bird as a model, ami conformed .strictly to its habits in the most trying circumstance of his life. As a stndent he was ambitious. When he had lieen at school only a week, he was the second boy iu the class. The class consisted nt tr. At au early age he exhibited a morbid appetite for paper, and devoured all the newspapers aud pcriiHlirals within his reach. He couldn't digest them, and oozing thnsigh the pores, they added to the natural pallor of his cuticle. When alMiut fourteen he was apprenticed to n printer, who immediately sent him to the "gal leys" for seven years. It was while working out this term of penal servitude, that he manifested the remarkable sympathy for the slave, for which he has since lieeii notorious. At fifteen he rec ognized the negro at a man and a brother. The recognition was mutual, and they have lieen liosom friends ever since. When he arrived at the age of pulierty he be came marriageable, ami shortly afterwards began to develop placid muscle on a dirt of Graham bread. Ho then joined a popular association known as tlie "Sonsof Nebuchadnezzar," aud took the pledge ngniust mast ls"ef in any form. One day it occurred to him that what was any- iHHiy s was everylKsly's. and what was every lmdy's was anylsnly's. He said so, and became a moral and 'social philosopher. At this time there were only three iuditidnals of transcendent genius extant. One was Clay, another Adams; tint third was Horace Greeley. Aware of this fact, Horace turned politician, nnd at once took the shine nut of the other two. When he felt like it he married, and the twain be came one Graham loaf. Finding bran too excit ing for the constitution of a politician and a hus band, as well as a social philosopher, he thought at one time of trying sawdust. But he didn't do it. On the contrary, be lapsed into pork chops and ox tail soups. In reading thr.se bingrapieal notes, it should be borne in mind that consistency was Horace Gree ley's forte. Sometime after baring served out his time at the galleys, Horace commenced running newspa pers, and run two or three iu the ground. Finally, after experiencing considerable difficul ty in raising the wind, he started the Dailg Ty phoon, a versatile but consistent paper. Which has been blowing hot and cold on all subjects ever since. Although not much is.n)4n1,vVman"tn look at, Horace, alxiut this ieriod, became n favorite of the muses, ti ho liegnilcd him into, writing a sem ridiculing the American flag, and inviting the people "tear it down." Several years subsequently the South complied with the request, upon which he pitihed into the South, and agreed with Gen. Dix, that whoever insulted the star-spagled banner should he shot without any delay. The reader must not forget that if the subject of these notes had an amiable weakness iu his na ture, it was consistency. Shortly after the civil war liegan, he insisted that the "northern army." which was then a mob, should "march ou to Richmond." The nrmy adopted his idea. Those who returned to Wash ington didn't go to Richmond; those who got killeil couldn't, and those who did go, didn't want to. " Then Horace put on sackcloth, and wished he had kept his eace, and hoped the Ixinl would forgive him. It is not known whether the Lord did or not; probably not. Then Horace said that if the South unanimously wanted to secede, it had a perfect right to. Then he' said it bad not, and that the Southern ers were vile traitors, and must be assailed ttith fire nnd sword to the "bitter end." Then he suggested that it would l best to com promise the matter, and offer to go to Jeff. Davis and get him to make it up. But Jeff, conldu't see it. Wherriiinn Horace went at him hammer and tongs worse than et er, and liecame a iM-rfect giant blnnilerbore thrusting the legs of his pantaloons hito his seven-league IhioIs, as if for a march on Richmond, and shifting the knot of his cravat from his right ear to the left, to signify that the arcn traitor deserved to nave Ins nccK stretclied this' rem-irknble ' f h s course since Such is a hurried sketch of m,n tm fiilliaiilnuinftliA n-.ae f F lil a.. :.... flit, nilldie nm trwll ti,f..ei. n...l !.. C.lli,- I informed -ind tbe farilitv I gue"rhhie,f the tar if' j,ne ooin sines oi ine lariu , with tvhich he can nrgn question at the same time is worthy of admira tion. We have not chosen to sieak of him as an ag riculturist. His efforts iu that direction have not uniformly proven .successful ; but the intelligent reader who has, given even slight attention to the subject will not fail to observe that the depreda tions of the June bug are fatal to nearly all the staples during a dry season, and that in wet weather dried apples, as a crop, cannot Iw relied ou. In conclusion, the reader is informeil never to lose sight of the fact that the leading trait iu Ho race Greeley's character, as a dietistsociaI re former, a poliftciay andfustriot, has always been consistency. The weather cock, the token of his early life, continues to lie his model, guide, philosopher and friend in his decliningycars, and traeas the needle to the pole, he boxes the compass in accordance with its gyrations. A'ns-A Ciy Journal. Or the cutting down of forest trees, which is so constantly going forwanLiti this country, Win. Cullen Bryant says: "It "j a common observation that our summers are becoming drier, and our streams smaller. Take the Cuyahoga as an illus tration. Fifty years ago large barges loaded with goods went up and down that river. . Now, in tbe onlTnary stage of water, a canoe or skiff can hard lv pass down the stream. Many a Imat of fifty Ions burden has lieen bnilt and loaded in theTns carawas, at New Portage, and sailed to New Or leans without breaking bulk. Now tho river hanllv affords a snpply of water at New Portage -for the canal. The same may be said of other streams. They are drying np. Aud trom ine same can- the destruction of onr forests the snmmers are growing drier and our winters colder." TROUT are very delicious eating, especially when one is on an exenrsion in the country; bnt- the cause of their deltcateflavorhashithertolieen a secret. It is now found to be owing totbelight and delicate diet in which tbe fish indulge. .A man arWorcester, the other day, canght a Jecn liarly plump specimen, and. on dressing it. found iL.S la- -..!. .... ..4flaa sdl to nlla"-flftfM Then JefT. was captured in the disguise of an 1 anil slept tuai nigni in one oimj.ipper-Tiu.iis,... old woman, upon which Horace began to frater- , w'',f11' ".; ,'nInl '"," .M "ml1A '."". a,"-,iw nize with him. and. eventuallv; to save him from i maller children slept. Ho breakfasted with my c.-.i .' : . i".:.. i.-:i familv the next mnrninir and remained in the a large meadow jat and a striped snake two feet two men who were here, "The Yankees are cros . sing at Port Royal, and you must take care of . I '.j -.,.:: .. -,..!. ' the Xr evenW when ne said "MiV -, our'bralduZ"" Srifetotal. to her head and found nothing slipped. The gen- tleman quietly pointed to tbeTiraiA of ber dress, -i -,-if . .-i r whtel, h.A w torn off. and abont half a yard of which bad been torn off. and was lying on tbe floor. The Denver papers are attempting' to account for tbe climatta- changes that are taking place in that region. Colorado used to be called the "raisr leas region," bst for tbe past two years rains have been frequent and abundant. It ia thought that irrigathm will aooa-bc -uraetMi-f. JUJLY 4, 1872. THE OLD COXTIXEXTALS. (The following little poem is the Terr beat thine of the kind that we erer chanced to met with la onr periodical literature. There la an old fjhioaed Saxon mod la it that is quite refreshing, and nothing rould possibly convey to the reader a more vivid idea of the din of m batde-fiehC It haa great artiatieal merit, and ia worthy of peraaal. if for no other reason than to aetire the sarpnuwr, effect wrought upon la mind by a skillful collocation of word. J CABMEX BELLtCOSUit. st cct arorrnuT a'lusTXt. In their ragged regimentals Stood the old Continental. Yielding not. When the grenadiers were lungeing. And like hail fell the plunging Cannon-shot: tVben the flies Of the isle. From the amok; night-eneaaipmenl, bore the banner of the rampant ' ' rfnleoro. And rrummer. grnmmer. grnmmer, rolled the roll of the. drummer. Through Uiomorn! . Then, with eje to the front all. Ana with guna horizontal. Stood our sires;" And the balls whUtled deadly. And in streams dashing redly. Mated the tuw; ' As thenar On the abore. Swept the strong battle-breakenoer the grecn-oodded acre Of the plain: And louder, louder, louder, cracked the black gunpowder. All amain ! Xow like smiths at their forges. Worked the red Saint George's Cannoneers; And the "villainous saltpetre IUng a tierre. diaeordant metre Hound their ears. As theawift Storm-drift. With bot-aweeping anger, came the horse-guards clangor On our flanks; Then higher, higher, higher, burned the old-fashioned fire Through the ranka ! Then the bare-headed Colonel (ialloped through the white. Infernal Powder-cloud: And his broad-aword was swinging. And his brazen tbnvat was ringing Trumpet loud. Then the blue llulleta flew. And the trooper-jackets rvdden at the touch of the leaden Cifle-breath; And rounder, rounder, ronnder. roared the Iron aix pounder. Hurling death! TIIE JIl'ItDER OF I.ISJCOI.X. The I.a.t Day af JJaba Willtea TBaata-IIis Parnew ia Kacapiaw a Yirgiaia latcrrs tiaat "trarratlrc to To the Editor nf-thw Herald: I saw it stated in n Washington paper. iixm the presentation of my petition by Hon. John T. Lew is to Congress for payment for my lossessustainrd iu the burning of my tobacco house and contents by the orders of Colonel Conger, who commanded the forces that were endeavoring to capture J. Wilkes Booth and D. C. Harold, in April, lr?bo. "that it would be recollected that Booth aud Harold were concleuleil in this house, aud it had to lie burned to capture thrm," leaving the infe rence, it appears to me, that Booth and Harold were concealed in this house by nift or some of my family. If this inference is" intended to be made by the editor of said paper there is nothing more erroneous, mid to set the matter right and to show that neither I, nor auy of my family in tended in any way to conceal them or was at all apprised or had any suspicion of who these meu were, I will make a true statement of the "whole transaction from the time that Booth -was brought to my honse to the time of his lieing shot by one of the soldiers when the house was on fire. On Monday, thelMth of April, 1365, abont 4 o'clock p. in. tbriemeu rode np to my yard, aud when I went out to them I found they were all strangers to me. The one in front Introduced himself as Capt. Scott; he then in'rodiiced the two others to nic otic as Lieut. Rtiggles aud the other as his friend, Mr. Boyd. He stated that Mr. Boyd was a woun ded Confederate soldier; that he lielouged to the former command of Gen. A. P. Hill, and that he was wounded before Petersburg just liefore the close of the war; that he and Lieut. Boggles were going (as he expressed it) on a little scout toward Richmond, and uskeilme to keep and take care of his friend Boyd until the next Wednesday mor ning, as he was siifieriiig too much to travel with them, and that they wuuld call for him at that time. As it had always lieen one principle of my re ligion " to entertain strangers, es'iecially any that seemed to liesnu"eritig,"I consented that he should remain, ami that I would take, as good care of him as 1 could. I did not promise this because he was a Confederate soldier, but liecanse he seemed to 1m suffering. I had licfore this administered to the wants of about twelve woutiueil Federal sol diers, who had lieen captured and brought to my lie ighlKtrhood iu a stiflering state, nud it was com fortingtn my feelings to see the gratitude ex pressed by them to me, aud to feel that I hail helped to relieve the wants of some of my fellow ereatnres. Jtevcrsliall 1 lorget tmscircnmsiance; it is graven deep ujion my heart. This man, whom I and all my family looked npoiia Mr. Iwiyd, a wounded Confederate soldier, was taken at once into my House; ne suppeu wiin my laiiiuy, ll,uw "" J'"1' lno',, of tbe ,-nM reclining npoii '' P- in the' yard, my little children lieing of-J re" w11" ,,,m ,,e "' very lime to say, aim ''' '" ' "Sntrering, " we thought, from his c,-i..t.r..- ... ....s.. ... iH.e tell Willi illlll. nUUIIII, JlltCl IHEIMI(H IIIHI UIVIU1N), M.J ...Ml.... son. John M., riMlo to a shoemaker's, alsintone mile from my house, to have his bonu repaired, and while there he met with a gentleman of the neighborhood who had gotten by a private means, a newspaper from Richmond, (there being no mails to our section), and this paper bad in it an advertisement offering a large reward (onehnn- dredand fifty thousand dollars, I. think) for the capture of Booth, the murderer of President Lin coln. After my son's return, and while at the dinner tabic, he spoke of having seen this paper containing the advertisement. This man. who wasnt the table, remarked that he would not have lieen snrprised if nva hunVlro.1 tluMMa-Mlad'l lars had been offered, lint that he had heard that the man that committed the act bad been arrested liet ween Bait imore and Philadelphia and was now in Washington. He having liefore this told me he was a native of Maryland, I then asked him if he had ever seen the man. Booth, who wascharged with the offense. He said he had seen him once. He saw him in Richmond aliont the time of tbe John Brown raid. I asked him if he was an old or young man; he said ha was rather a yonng man. I had never heard of bnt one Booth as an actor, and thought it was Mr. Edwin Booth. My youn ger sea, who mas c tn-r.i jmith, remarked:, "I wish lie would come this way, so that I might catch him and get this reward." He turned to him and said: "If he were to come out, would yon inform against him T My son. laughing, said h would like to have the money. The man talked all this coolly, and showed nothing like excite ment upon the occasion, and caused no grounds of suspicion in any of our minds that he was the man who had done the act. Some two or three hours after dinner, two men on horseback, with a third man riding behind one of them, rode np to my gate on the maifi road. The man who was riding liehind got down and came to my house, while tbe other two men rode on toward Port Royal. When this man came to tbe boose the man who was here introduced him to my son, John M , who was in the yard, as Mr. Boyd, his cousin. They walked np the road from my vanl, aud seemed to be in earnest conversation. Vert soon after this tbe two men who had passed on Jiorseback,returneiL riding very rapidly, '(one of whom .was Lieut. Rnggles). and said to tbe yourselves tue west way yon can," ami roue ou ii- mediately. I was short distance from my bonse. bere m"y laborers were at work, and on coming to -beuI "Jh-iE I i wanl the woods. Soon after getting " one of these men. who P" . J"" J ' I turned to my yard. I and ror son said to mm we mould not be snrpriied if these force were in pursuit of bint and his-ftiend. He said; "Oh, no; fL , s Af.1.. .. mmVa t.Atn mmii nt! we uave oooe notuiuj w bm r-"- . but that be bad beard that some Federal soldiers ( that were stopping the" night before at pl ; called The Trap, hatween here and BowlingOreea, bad tbeir tagta atoleo, and he eneAed theee j force weoseetrt -low. fro Frejjericfelrarg to ea- ' deavnr to capture the thieves." Sai after this the Federal forces passed Ihe road by my house, and went on toward tbe place at which the hor ses were said to nave neen stolen. After the for ces passed. Harold went to the woods and bmueht his friend lmck to tbe honse. They took snp)er wun my lamuy, ami, aiier snpper, I, being un well, went directly to luy.ruom. and my sons and these two men went to my frout porch. My son said they seemed to be very uneasy, and that they wereaiilions to get a conveyance to Orange Court Hone, at which place they heard there were a good many Marylamlers, who were endeavoring to get west of the Mississippi Rivr.and that they wished to go with them. They asked my son if he knew of any conveyance they conld,get that evening to go a part of the way. He told them there was a colored man living near br who hail hVs.andarall that he hired out at times. They endeavored to get it, but the man was from home. They then offered my son $10 to carry them about twenty miles on the way. He told them he conld not go that night, bnt that if they wished to go uext inoruing lie conld take them. Thev proposed sleeping in my house that ninht. bnt my son objected, as he thought from their excited maimer there was something wrongalsitit them. They then proposed sleeping under my front porch: but be told them we had liaddogs. and they might lie annoyed by them. They then asked him if we had not an outhouse in whirh they could sleep. He told them there was fishier and hay in the tobacco house, and they could go in there if they liked. They went in there, and after they did so my two sons having heard Harold sav, " We should like to get the horses we saw you rirf'tig this eve ning," ami fearing they might get up in the night and take their horses and go off, lny sous concluded to take their blankets nnd go into a cornhntise, between the tobacco bouse and stable, and guard their horses; and my .youngest son, fearing, as these men were heavily armed, that if they attemp ted, to take the 'horses they might have great dillirnlty. and might probably get shot, concluded Iih would take tin Lev to the honse and lock the ibor outside, so as to pret cut them coining ont if they wished it. This is the reason why the door was found locked when the officers went to the house. Aliont a o'clock a. in. I was awakened by the violent barking of my dogs. I arose from my lied and went to the window, and I found the house surrounded by armtd forces. I drew on my pantaloons, anil, without waiting to put ou any other dressing, I o-iened the door to my end porch, and when I did so three men rushed in, nnd one of them put a pistol to my head and said tome. "Are there not two men in your honse t" I said no; that flu-re were two men her, last evening; that they went to the woods when yon wen pas sing, afterward returned and got their supper, aud I did mil know at the time where they were. I had gone from my supper to my sleeping room, and did not know where they had slept. The officer said I was not telling them the truth, and called for a nqie. and said tbey would bang me. Being thus rudely treated, I no doubt appeared sea nil and affrighted. Alsuit this time mr son. John M., came to the door and said to the officers that these men were iiMhe tabaceo house, and they put me under guard and carried my son with them to the tobacco honse, had the door npeiird, and made him pi in and try to bring the men out. When heweiit in he addressed Booth as Mr. Boyd, as the officers said, and told him there was a large Torre surrounding the house, and he had lietter surrender. He onlered my son out, and appeared to be drawing a pistol, aud he ran ont. The officer then parleycsl with the men in side for some tim,when Harold expressed a wish ia surrender, and Booth said to the officer that the man in here wishes to come ont. Tlie officer told him to hand his arms to one of them. I be lieve to my son at tbe door, and come out. Booth said the man had no arms; they were all his, and they would not be delivered up. Harold then came ont. and Booth refusing to surrender. Col. Conger onlered the bouse fired to force him ont. When he gave these orders, Booth said to him: "Don't destroy the gentleman's preperty. He is entirely innocent, ana does not know who 1 am. Tlie house was then fired, after which Sergeant Corbet shot Booth, nnd he was brought ont and died in my 'inrrh. It was not until after Booth wasshot that we were told who he was; we had no idea that they were tire mnnlerers of the Fresi dent. When the forces passed my house they weut to Bowling Gieen and got Jett, theman who brought Booth tu my house, and lie told them that he left Booth at my house. When he came here I asked him why he brought that man to my' house and left him here as n wounded Confederate soldier, and had brought so much tmnble upon me. He said be wished to net clear of him. and left him at the first house he came to after leav ing Port Royal; that he had told the officers, wlieiithey came to Bowling Green, that he hail left him with me as a Confederate soldier, nnd that I was' not apprised who he was. I told him 'to make that declaration to an officer in my pres ence, ne mane it to l.ieirt. Uonglierty, wlio was the ofBceriu command of the regular ibrcei. Col. Conger being a detective, but iu command, as I understand, of the expedition. These are the facts of the case; those in regard to the burning of tbe barn were learned of my sous, who were present. The subject of the murder of the Presi dent having been talked of at church the day lie fore Booth came to my house, I condemned it publicly in unmeasured terms. Richard H. Garrett. Washisctox, April 2, 172. ia m JMBCBOTM F PCBLIC 31 E.St. BV COL. J. W. FORNEY. Henry Wilson, onr candidate for Vice-President, is u fine example of the effect of free insti tutions upon the struggling youth of America, and also a proof of the practical consistency of the Republican party, i'have known bim well for over seventeen years. Twelve months young er than Mr. Sumner, he has always been his friend, even when compelled to differ with him. Wilson is one of the men who will wear. Time and trial improve and ripen them. No day pass es that they do not learn something. I met him while I was presiding over the House of Repre sentatives in the stormy session of rKj-Vti, and UmUl m lcv ,.,.1., Ijtn rttil'c(ei. lie saw that the time was coming when Democrats like myself would be compelled to choose lietween lib erty and slavery, and his anxiety to secure such a reinforcement to his party was shown in lys kindness to and confidence iu that brave and earnest Isxlv of men. Aud when the stonn broke, in le.V?, and Buchanan sought to force the Le compton constitution upon Kansas, Henry Wilson threw himself with esjiecial fervor among the revolting Democrats. He consulted with us and encouraged ns; he traveled far and near to ef fect co-oiwratiou and organisation; and when myiiamewrw presented for Clerk of the House, iu It-59, he insisted that I should be elected with out pledges. These had lieeii demanded by some of the more violent Republicans, and sternly re fused. I did not ask for the place, and would not have touched it if it had interfered jrith my independence as editor of the Prw. Wilson de clared that I was right, and with the aid uf Charles Francis Adams, John Hickman, Jolih B. Haskiu, and John Schwartz, we organized the Honse, and soon after the anti-Leconiptou Demo crats constituted a resistless Republican reserve. Henry Wilson is a superb organizer. Ilia tem perate life and 'high principles, his fine health and strung convictions, his knowledge of the preju dices and wants of men, made bim a great power against the rebellion, as well in the army as at the bead of tbe Committee on Military Affairs. The amonnt of work he performed was prodig ious. He was a real, brcak-of-day-man a sleep less, untiring, and nnmnrmnriug patriot. A lit tle too impulsive, perhaps, bis is one-of the tru est of hearrl warm, genenms and forgiving. His frugal habits accord with his strict integrity. He. is inexpensive iu his tastes aud desires, aud .lives among bis books and bis friends. He visits great deal, aud reads much. Active aud quick, regnlarly in his seat in the Senate, ho is often sesn an tbe aveilne and in society, thouch be nev er touches wine or cigars He is a thoroogh-coni-: mou-sense man, and a-uatorat medium between' quarreling friend.. His blows are for the enemy; his fonnTeusss for his associates. He bates cor ruption as' he hated slavery, aud he will go far Ui paaiMi a laiuueas iruatc. oui-u uw lwhini it fat Vice-President. Is be not an argument I himself Especially so when we reflect that this man work nrl for the lowest wares as a boa 0 larm, and began ,to learn. ihoe-makiDg. w beti.ba. WM v7-owMtrvroz.aajB- WHOLE.NUMBER, 782. , lIipii-?ENDU?tCE DAY. nr sotal Trait, hoi. Squeak the fife arM beat tbe dnna, IndepenileDCe Vr has coma! Let tho mastitis lU be Uml, Qnkk twiatetrtbeccfcerrralicad! QakklT rub tbe pewter platter. Heap Iks nat-eakes fried ia bataar; Set tb enpa and beaker xlaas, Th paupkia and the apnlaaaoea. ' Send the kejc to ahitp for brand, Maple smear we hare handy; aoeaexleat tUy-erini Dick, A Baggis wise of nri rtgiita tUct. SaL put o roar nutl skirt. Jotban, e! your bttnaXttn ahlrtt Tvtir we danen to tlddlr-dlddln. Here mam Saiubo with hia flddls. Sambn. take draw af whiskey. ' And lar nn Taakee Doodle frisky. JUolL ram leav your wfkxl trleka, Aad let there hoa reel M air; Father and mother shall make two, SaL UaIL and I .tarsi all a row, Sambn, play and dance with nnality. This l Ihe dar of blest Equality! Falberand mrAerare bat men. .And UnitM l a eifcell. ronie. foot It. SjI; SIull, figure in; And. mother. Tort dance up to hiii Snw aaw as fast aa e'er rua can do. And, father, yon erjMa o'er to starabo. Thns we danee, and thus we play. On Klorioua Xtfptmdr Day. Kun more roain un your bow. Ami let na hare another go. ZonmUt as sure as e-sr and bacon. Ilere'o Ensign Mneak and Uncle Deaeoni Aunt Thiah. aud tbeir Uets behind her. On Unioleriaz mare, than beetle blinder. And there's Ihe S-iuire. too, with his Udr S"L hold tbe beaat. 111 take the baby. 3IolL bring the Squire our ereat ann-cnalri (toml folks, we're slad to see you here, totbam. irrt the great case buttle, Yonr teeth can pull its corn-cob atopplo. Ensign lleacon. never mind t Spiire, drink nntil you're blind; Come, here's the French and GiuHotlna, And herVa past Squire GallaUn. . And here's each noUv Jacobin; llere'a friend Madison so hearty. And here confusion to the treaty. Come, one more swing to Suit hern Demon. Who represent our brother ne-roes ; Thns we drink and ilance away. This glorious Independence Day I HK-fKY WH.(0.. Henry Wilsou was Isirn at Faniiiugton, New Hampshire, February l'vleTi. His parents being extremely jMsir. he was apprenticed at ten years of age to a neighboring farmer, with whom he re mained patiently until ho was of age, going to district school meantime, for twelve mouths in the aggregate. But his slight schooling was by no means it measure of his pregress. He hail ac quins! au appetite for btsiks, turd had managed to borniw, within a circle ij teu miles around, aliont all that wrrenwni-d. Night's and Sundays, by firelight and moonlight, he had read a thous and volumes, large history nnd theology. He bad also learned to use his tongue glibly iu the "deba ting society," that Yankee institution to which so many jioor boys are indebted. At tho end of his eleven years ho look all his property iu a pack on his back and walked to Xatick, where lie hired to a shoemaker, and devo ted two years faithfully to learning the trade. In tlie meantime he accumulated two hundred dol lars in money, by extreme frugality, and with this, at the age of twenty-three, he began to got to school in the academies at Stafford and Con cord. The man to nhotii ho had lent the two hundred dollars filial in a few months, and the ambitions student returned again, disappointed hut pluck,', to the shoebetich at Xatick. Now bs liegau to speuk at the wanl ineetiugs, and at the country school-houses, especially iu tho advocacjf -of abolitionism. Iu IrMOhe.made a vigorous can vass for Harrison, delivering tipwanl of sixty speeches, and at the end of the campaign was ehveted to the legislature as a represcntativenf the labor ing men of Xatick. Dnring the next five years he was thrice re-elected to the House, and twice sent to the' State Senate, aud in both otSccs bo was chiefly known as a zealous foe of slavery and a zealous friend of the workiugmeu. Iu lS15ho made in the Legislature a notable speech against the extension ami continued existence of slavery, declaring in favor of all constitutional resistance to it. Iu'-ldhe was a delegate to the Whig Na tional Convention, and ou the rejection of the anti-slaver resolutions, he withdrew from it and fook a prominent part in organizing the Free Soil party. In '00-51 lie was President of the Stato Senate. In Ti'2he was made president of the Free Soil Xational Convention, and chairman of its national committee. In the same year ho was Free Soil candidate for Congress in the Eighth district, where with a majority against his party nt'JM) he came within ninety-three voles of lieing elected. He was a memlier of the Constitu tional Convention. In '5., by a coalition between the Americans and the Free Soilrrs, he was elec ted to the United States Senate to succeed Ed wanl Everett, and, shortly after taking his scat, made a most etfective speech advocating the re ieal of the fugitive slave law. Being challenged to fight a duel by Bully Brooks, he declined on the ground that dueling was an illegal and bar barous practice. During the succeeding four years he took a very preininent part in debate. His speech in. defense of free labor, in reply to Seimtor Hammond, of South Carolina, attained nu immense circulation throughout the North. Being re-elected, he wax, in "ft!, inado chairman of the Military Committee of the Senate. His lalmr during the war was quite enormous aud the value of his services incalculable. It was de clared bv (Jeneral Scott that he did more wotk in the first session than all the other committees had done in twenty years, and Secretary Cameron in a. published letter said of him, in '62, "No man, iu my opinion, in the whole country, has done more to aid the War Department in preparing the mighty army now under arms." After the close of the war, Mr. Wilson published three volumes, detailing recent anti-slavery and reconitrnctiou history, and during tbe present year hss'issned his first volume on "The Rise and Fall of fhe Slave Power." Though he baa been in public life for thirty years: he is still almost aa poor as when, in "39, hemsde shoesat Naticlc Ha has occupied positions of the highest trust, where it was easy for an officer not unite scrnnulous to get rich, hut his reputation for perfect honesty is ns clear as Abraham Lincoln's was. No man in America is more highly respected tlian Henry YV llaon. Tir.nn is a tradition that in the Ark, soioon as ever the day began to break, Xoalt stood up to wnnl the Ixxlv of Adam, and liefore the Lord, he and his sons. Shrni, Ham, aud Japheth ; and Noah prayed and his sons and the women answered from auotber part of the Ark. amen, Lord! Whence, you may note (if the tradition be sound enough) the antiquity of that custom (obtaining still, especially in the eastern parts) of the separa tion of sexes, or tbe setting of women apart from men in the houses of God. Which, sure, was ft matter of no slight concernment, if" it conld not Im neglected no, not iu the Ark, in so great a straiglitness anil distress of congregation. John- urrjont. Wk trmt that tbe business of finding petrified giants has received a salutary check this timev The man that tried it lately in Xew Hampshire, lias come to gnef. gome miserable employe or s railroad, who assisted at dead of night in planting' the graven image lieneath the honest farmers apple tree, turned traitor and ciposed the little game. The honest fanner was thereupon arres ted, ami lias lieen. mulcted tn ine sum oi eigne hundred dollars for trying to obtain money nn-, der false pretences in its attempt to sell the giants We trust that this will be a warning, and that no daring mortal will any longer ahnse our pa tience with the discovery of Cardiff giants. " """"""""""""" """""""" " ' 8ruTT.Disr Dnrvja Cbf-kk, no doubt, Is a very pretty little stream, though too trifling to lie tho dividing line; ,s it is, of New fork from West chester Conntv. It is a fact not generally known that it takes its- name ajrom the famonsattcrapt of Stnyvesanfs trnmieter. Antony Van CoiUar, to swim across it en nyf nVr rfsrcl "In spite of the devil r The latter peir-onage trinmphed; and; has commonly been considered master tC the situation, not to say of tbe rity, ever since. Eoehaltr Democrat aid Caroslsfe. - .coiaipcprT-sT wuomlls himself "A Bend er," and proves hunselt a -spelter" oy tbe use oE a double "tt" in British, does not aead his trttft name, bnt we guess it. It baa but three letters, aadbefinawitb-'A.'' Bottom JranOtr. ' A max -who don't faow anything-will t.lt tha tot taaaa Wfraat!anaC ''