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ALL THE NEWS THAT'S WORTH PRINTING ESTABLISHED A. D. 1790 LACK OF YANKEE MACHINES AT FRONT MAKES PERSHING'S MEN UNPROTECTED TARGETS OF HUNS TROOPS HELPLESS AS AERO , TURNS MACHINE GUN ON THEM. With the American Army in France, Feb. 20 (By the As sociated Press) Control of the air in the American sector be longs to the enemy. Any officer at the front will make this declaration all have made it. The control is obvious. German aeroplanes come and go over the American lines almost at will. Every time the Germans come over their path through the sky is followed by fleecy shrapnel puffs, but the chances of hit ling an aeroplane with anti-aircraft shells is so remote that the enemy aviators calmly fly along as if on a pleasure trip. Every now and then aeroplanes on this side attack the enemy. They always do this when, they get a chance. But the boche is clever while flying and manages to come over and take pictures, make observ ations and do virtually whatever else he desires and then calmly sail home without interruption. Nearly always he is at an altitude of about 3,000 metres where he is comparatively safe from anti-aircraft fire and knowa It is not permitted to name any of ficers of the American expeditionary force. It is not permitted to quote them. If both were allowed it would be possible to carry quotations from virtually every officer at the front urg ing a speedy appearance of large r.umbers of American aeroplanes with American pilots. For there is only one way to wrest control of the air from the enemy. That is to fight him for it in the sky tind to relieve him of it by force of overwhelming numbers. Right now, if the Germans knew American aeroplanes were waiting for them every time they came ovef the line their trips would be less fre quent. Neither would they dare t attempt such a bold piece of work es when they recently flew over th line in an aeroplane disguised with the Allies' red, white and blue bulls eye marking and cut loose with a ma chine gun on American soldiers in the trenches. Had there been American planes nearby the chances of the Germans B'tting back home after such a trick would be small. And it is extremely doubtful, officers say, whether they ever woutdl have tried it. Any officer also will say the safety of individual soldiers depends on keeping the enemy from doing as he pleases overhead. For days the Ger mans have been flying over certain towns where American troops have Ibeen resting after periods in the trenches. Once or twice these day light observation tours have been fol lowed the same night by visits by en emy bombing planes. So fro eand unrestricted are the Crerman airmen that in some towns the commands are unrer strict orders to disappear under cover the moment a German aeroplane is sighted. Moreover, officers say, more and more Gemman planes are appearing in the sky, and in various quarters there is a growing belief that these are the first of the machines that the Germans have been building fever ishly to offset the large number of ex pected American aeroplanes in ac cordance with plans announced in th United States. Whether this belief is true or not, the fact remains that American troops are holding the sector and are endan gered daily because there are no American aeroplanes with them. The question most asked -from one end of the American front to the other is: J'When are some American planes coming here?" AGREE TO OPEN SHOP IN REPAIR OF LOCOMOTIVE Washington, Feb. 21 To, hasten repair work on locomotives and rail road rolling stock, an agreement in volving lengthening of working hour3, promotion of apprentices and helpers and maintenance of open shop condi tions has been reached between Direc tor General McAdoo and A. C. Whar ton, president of the railway employe's department of the American Federa tion of La.bor. The agreement af ' fects more than 300,000 workmen. ' New Tork, Feb. 21 Two students, Winfleld Matthews and Eirmer An derson, each 22 years old, lost their lives louay in a "ic Divci ii'oisomeimng new is only waking up. training college of the Salvation j Concrete, for -instance, has been a Army, In West . 14th street. The practical shipbuilding material all property loss was estimated at' $75,- I along: only we are just now getting 08. . j I around to It "mp in ffiPTU VOL. CXXVI HOLCOMB SENDS NUTMEG STATE'S M A MESSAGE Major Giddings Carries Greetings to Connecticut Soldiers in France. CITES HISTORY OF , THEIR FOREBEARS Army Officer Personal Rep resentative of Governor . in Europe. Hartford, Feb. 21 Gov. Holcomb has sent a message to Connecticut men fighting in France, voicing the appreciation of the people of Connec ticut for their services. The gover nor took advantage of the trip of Major Edward A. Giddings, a mem ber of the Connecticut state council of defense, to France as a member of the federal reserve bank Liberty loan mission to send his message to the sons of this state serving ovar seas. Word has just been received from Major Giddings announcing his safe arrival in a British port. "Hartford, Jan. 28, 1918. "Major Howard A. Giddings, Hart ford, Conn. Please extend to the officers and men of the 102nd United States infan try, the 101st machine gun battalion and to all other Connecticut men the miltary service of the United states who you may meet in your trip to the front the greetings of the people of Connecticut and our appre ciation of the great service our sol diers are rendering in this world war, and our gratitude, pride and confi dence in our Connecticut soldiers and sailors. They are performing our part in defenidSng and maintaining the lib erties we have inherited and in ob taining for all . nations, great and small, the opportunity for the equal rights which were obtained for the United States in the war of the Rev olution. "The soldiers of Connecticut have ever been faithful in fighting under the Stars and Stripes to ultimate vic tory in every contest in which this nation has been engaged, and we have the utmost confidence that they will do so in this, the greatest war of history, against the most dangerous and unscrupulous enemy the forces of human liberty ever faced. "May the God of Righteousness watch over them inspire them with courage, give them complete victory, and bring them safely home again to receive, the greetings and honors which the people are hopefully wait ing to give them. "In behalf of the State of Connecti cut, I am "Most sincerely, yours, "M. II. HOLCOMB. Governor. Major Giddings also represents Gov. Holcomb personally and the Con necticut State Council of Defense and will make certain investigations in France for the council. CARGO SHIP DIVIDENDS London, Feb. 21 An analysis of the earnings of seventy British cargo steamship companies for last year shows that dividends were paid ag gregating J13.000.000 or 19.25 per cent on their capital. The earnings of the same companies in pre war days averaged 3.3 per cent. The dividends of twenty-three lin er companies were 14 per cent on a capital of (189,000,000. The man who thinks he has found BRIDGEPORT, CON., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1918 1 I AUWUVUtM &w w , I Senator Lewis Predicts Public Ownership Pol icy for U. S. RAILROAD HEAD& ADMIT FAILURES Government Control of 'Telephone, Telegraph, Etc., Inevitable. Washingon, Feb. 21 Sena tor Lewis of Illinois, speaking in the Senate today, declared the administration railroad bill is a forerunner of government control over various public util- Ubs and predicted that the Question would be the great domestic issue in the next presidential campaign. "Let us not deceive ourselves as to the meaning of this measETe," Senator Lewis declared. "Thisis "the be ginning of the government taking the railroads as a government agency, The roads will never be permitted to return to the former state of per sonal control for private benefit. At the same time this country takes over the railroads it will take the tele graph and telephone privileges and then the products for fuel, particular ly the lands of coal and oil and put .these under government direction. "All agencies of this nature in this republic, necessary for the public welfare of man, will be taken by the government as a necessary protection of the republic." The railroads, Senator Lewis de- clared, confessed their inability to meet the situation and by surrender ing to the government admitted that the one power capable to carrying on the work under the existing condi tions was the government itself. "The government now conducts the roads and directs them as the proof of its power and ability to do so," he asserted. "Private ownership of rail roads failed us for the purpose of sending supplies to ships or for trans port of soldiers for foreign service. What would be the calamity under private ownership if enemies were at our gates and in possession of our country. v "Let us announce that the United States is a government and shall as sume governmental responsibility in protecting all public agencies of hu man welfare from being a monopoly of private pillage." If this is done. Senator Lewis said, any Bolshevik uprising in the United States will be avoided. CONDEMN RESALES OF FOODSTUFFS Washington, Feb. 20 Double mid dleman's profits on foodstuffs with a resultant price advance to the con sumer caused by the practice of wholesalers selling to one another to make up depreciated stocks were con demned in a statement issued today by the food administration. Resales should be permitted only with the consent of the state food ad ministrator and with the provision that dealers share the usual wholesale profit on the entire transaction. Com missions or brokerage charges on re sales, it was said, should be allowed only when the legality of the resale is clearly established. Jacob Dashler, of Wrightsville. Pa. was hit by a ton of iron. His re covery is expected. Cleveland bakers have defied the Food Board and raised the price of bread to retailers. LATE WAR DISPATCH. Paris, Feb. 21 One hundred ten persons perished when the steamer La Dives was torpedoed in the Mediterranean on Feb. 1, says an official announcement. The attacking submarine was not seen. London. Feb. 21 Twelve German aeroplanes have been ac counted for by British airmen and one by infantry, says a state ment on aerial operations last night, which also reports success ful attacks on Thionville and Pirmasens, Germany. London, Feb. 21 "New Zealand troops carried out a suc cessful raid early today east of Polygon wood (Flanders front) and captured a few prisoners," says today's war office stater se enemy's artillery was active against our positions at Flesquieres." German Goods Already in Manchuria, Where Ex Prisoners Work Mines. Harbin, Manchuria, Saturday, Feb. 16 German goods already have reappeared far . east of Irkutsk, according to information received here. German mer chants are active in Harbin and the Bolshcviki are arming releas ed German prisoners to guard the Siberian railroad and facilitate the movement of traffic. A British mining engineer named Piper, who has arrived here from Krasgoyarsy says the Bolshcviki have seized the gold mines there and that Austro-Ger-man prisoners are working them. The Anstro-Germans have plenty of money and are purchasing per mits allowing them to circulate freely in Siberia. The Germans are taking charge of electric pow er stations, railroads and depots. Quantities of raw materials are shipped to Germany from the dis trict. Most of the Germans are said to speak Russian. Piper declares that unless the Allies take immediate steps to send supplies and raw materials into Siberia the intellectual and present classes will throw them selves into the hands of the Ger mans. . BUNKER RULES NOT FOR SWEDES Stockholm, Feb. 21 Ira Nelson Morris, the American minister, re ceived yesterday from Washington announcement that the new bunker regulations are not applicable to the hundred thousand - tons of Swedish shipping included in the proposed agreement between the two countries. It was communicated immediately to the Swedish government as Minister Morris had learned that an attempt to apply the regulations to the ships in the agreement would imperil the negotiations. The announcement from Washing ton saves for American use the 100, 000 tons of shipping. The bunker regulations aroused the indignatiion of Swedish shipping companies who con tended that they would enable the United States to control even Swed en's coasting trade and compel the cessation of long established traffic with Lutoeck and Stettin, Germany. The Swedish government alW was somewhat diequieted. FLOOD DANGER IN N. E. IS PAST Boston, Feb. 2.1. Danger of seri ous floods in New England, at the end of a winter seldom equalled for its severity, is believed to have been considerably reduced by the alter nate thaws and freezes of this month. A great deal of the snow and ice. particularly in the southern section of New England, has melted gradual ly this month. i COL. REPINGTON AND BOSS FINED London, Feb. 21 Fines of flOO each and costs were imposed today on Col. C. A. Repington, military correspondent of the Morning Post and Howell A. Gwynne, editor of that paper, for the publication of an ar ticle in the Post last week in viola tion of the military censorship. DID BUSIXESS AT LOSS. Amsterdam, Feb. 21 The Berlin Motor Omnibus Co., which was oblig ed to conduct its business last year almost entirely with horses and steel tired vehicles owing to the prohibition of the use of gasoline or rubber tir-'S, ended the year with a deficit of $375, 000. The railway fuel men offer to aid in conservation. . yesterday evening After Two Months Peace Sisters Would Take Farm From Gustav. ALSO SEEK MONEY FOR LAND'S USAGE Will of Mother Left An Estate of $60,000 to Three Daughters. The Molls are at it again. After two months of peace, lit igation in the famous Moll pro bate case has again broken out, starting on its 25th year in the Probate Court. The principal in the case was Theresa Moll, who died, a nonogenarian, last year. Gustav Moll, her son. had been conservator, and filed his final account Jan. 25. The report was accepted by Judge Daniel B. Bradley, acting for Judge Paul L. Miller. Today, Mrs. Lillie Moll Thorp filed notice appealing from the acceptance of the report, representing that she is aggrieved by the action. The other two sisters, Mrs. August Stadtler and Theresa Oberly, are in sympathy with her. In addition to the appeal from the acceptance of their brother's report, the sisters will file a writ of ejection in the Superior court today and will also file suit to recover a total of $6, 000, which they allege their brother owes them- for rental. Gustave Moll has been living on his mother's farm on Madison avenue for 20 years or more. The sisters claim rental on the theory that the place was deeded to them by their mother during her lifetime. The aged woman left a will giving her estate, estimated to be worth more than $60,000, to her two daugh ters, Lillie Thorp and Theresa Oberly, cutting off Gustave, Mrs. Stadtler and another son, who lives in Chicago. The will was accepted in the Probate court, but an appeal is pending in the Superior court. ELEVEN HELD FOR 5,000,000 THEFT F WAR SUPPLIES New York, Feb. 21 Eight cloth ing manufacturers, two employes and a clerk in the quartermaster depart ment of the army were indicted by the federal grand jury here today, charged with being concerned in ex tensive army uniform cloth frauds. Cloth and other army supplies worth approximately $5,000 000 were stolen, according to Lieut. George D. Barnit of the New Tork police, who in conjunction with the federal au thorities investigated the alleged frauds which he said included thefts in other parts of the country. He asserted that a plot of nation-wide proportions had been uncovered and that investigations in other cities probably would be undertaken. The indictments are based on evi dence gathered by the federal dis trict attorney's office in connection with the arrest about two months ago of Louis Davidson, head of the Uni versal Cloth Shrinkinc & Refinishing A'orks here. BOLSHEVIKISTS I CHINA PROMPTING ANOTHER REVOLT Peking, Saturday, Feb. 16. Bolshcv iki from Russian Turkestan as well as Germans and Turks are inflaming the Chinese Mohammedan population of province of Singiang, Chinese Turke stan, against the government, says a report from Gen. Tang Tseng Sin, governor of the province. The general warns the government that arms and ammunition are sup- are prospects of a Mohammedan re- ) -Demon , similar to inc "esan in lsSi. Even the loss of Chinese Turkestan is possible, he added. . NEW SERIES HAPSAL AND MOLODECSNO TAKEN, GERMANS PUSH ON TOWARD VITEBSK, MINSK, PSKOFF AND REVAL AIRMEN BOMB REGITSA DVINSK ENTERED TWO HOURS AF TER ARMISTICE ENDED. Petrograd, Wednesday, Feb. 20 (By the Associated Press) Dispatches received here indicate continued German move ments along all fronts toward Vitebsk, Minsk, Pskoff and Reval. German airmen are reported to have raided Regitsa, on Monday. Many bombs were dropped and several persons were killed. Troops that occupied Dvinsk are advancing toward Pskoff, 180 miles south southwest of Petrograd, according to a Reuter dispatch. They also have occupied Hapsal, Esthonia, and their cavalry is pushing toward Mohilev, the former Russian general headquarters. BRITISH TROOPS TRUMPETING AT JERICHO WALLS London. Feb. 21 A further ad vance of three and a half miles on a front of seven and three-quarters miles has been made by the Brit ish forces in Palestine, the war office announces. The British are now within four miles of Jericho. The operations are continued. The British losses on Tuesday when an advance was made on a 15 mile front east of Jerusalem were very small. Yesterday's losses have not been reported. The British also advanced northwest of Jerusalem to a maxi mum depth of one mile on a front of four miles. VAST AMOUNT OF BOOTY TAKEN BY NS IN RUSSIA Berlin, Feb. 21, via Lon don The war office an nounced that 1,531 guns and between 4,000 and 5,000 motor cars have been cantured from the Rus sians. The Russian town of Rovno has been cleared of the Russians, the war of fice reports. Trains with about 1.000 cars, many laden with food, have been captured, as well as aero planes and an incalculable amount of war material. U. S. AERO CLU EKING REMEDY FOR AIR MENAGE New Tork, Feb. 21 A special meeting of the executive board of the Aero Club of America was called here today to consider and take action on the aeroplane situation on the American front in France as told in dispatches from the American front. "The reports would indicate that the situation is indeed' serious," an official of the club said. "f:ur execu tive board will meet to-lay and we shall take immediate steps to ascer tain whether we can do anything that will assist the government in re moving the menace. It has been truly said that 'the war will be won in the air,' and if the Germans, as the dis patches say, are in control, we must speed up our preparations to wrest it from them." The dispatches said "control of the air in the Americansector belongs to the enemy," German machines com ing and going "almost at will" over the American lines. Twenty German sailors were killed by'eheir own mines in the Baltic. , Burglars robbed the safe of $700 in nickels at the Automat dining room at No. 04 Sixth avenue ALL THE NEWS THAT'S WORTH PRINTING VOL. CXXVI NO. 5601 The Novaia Viedomsty, the dispatch adds, says the Germans have occu pied Molodecsno, an important rail road junction northwest" of Minsk. According- to the Pravda the Aus- trians have begun an advance on the Ukrainian, front. Just two hours after the armistice ended German troops entered Dvinsk. It was 2 o'clock on the afternoon of Feb. 18 that German patrols unex-" pectedly appeared aroun-d the city and seized the railroad stations and other central points. Only small skirmishes with fleeing soldiers took place. The Red guard offered no resistance, while the artillery and infantry were de mobilizing and unprepared to fight. Attempts Do evacuate the city were unsuccessful. Much heavy artillery and large quantities of ammunition fell into the handsof the Germans. The civilian population had no oppor tunity to escape. The commissaries of the local work men's and soldiers' council tried' to escape disguised as soldiers, but they were seized by the Germans. The decision of the Soldiers' and Workmen's delegates to aecept the German peace terms was reached by a majority of only one vote after a heated debate lasting throughout Mon day night. Great secrecy was observ ed in regard to the meeting, which was adjourned several times to permit the Bolsheveki and the Social Revo lutionists to hold party caucuses. There were divisions in both parties on the subject. Premier Lenine, Foreign Minister Trotzky, Ensign Krylenko, commander-in-chief, and many other leaders addressed the council. Military men explained the impossibility of offer ing effective resistance, but no deci sion was reached until messages had been received showing that the Ger mans had captured Dvinsk with ease and were advancing all along the front. This news reached the council early Tuesday morning, and influenced the delegates to decide for peace. Before the capture of Dvinsk Premier Lenine said he was opposed to peace, but finally urged that peace must be ob- tained at any price in order to in sure the reconstruction of Russia.' He said the Germans were advancing t-n a solid front from the north to the south. The announcement of Hussia's de cision to accept the German terms was sent by wireless at 5 o'clock Tues day morning. At first the German wireless station showed a disposition to refuse to take the message, but finally, four hours later, acknowledged it.. - Bolshevik leaders held repeated con ferences throughout Tuesday, and late in the afternoon received the German reply, refusing to accept the wireless , message as official and requesting that a delegation be sent to Dvinsk to con- " fer with regard to peace. The Russian press is divided as to the wisdom of the council's action. . The Pravda says the soldiers' and, workmen's delegates have sgain shown willingness to make peace and carry out their pledges, and that I whether Germany accepts the offer or I does not, the Bolsheviki have won a l moral victory. The Nova Jizn says the Bolsheviki have brought the af fair to an ignominious end and have proved themselves to be adventurers who are willing to keep themselves in power at any price. Boshevik leaders declare that if th German advance continues they will defend Petrograd with the Red Guard and harasss the German ad vance by guerilla warfare. No plans have been made for evacuation of this city. The Bolsheviki say this is a now war, not the old war, and that they will present a united front against the Germans. They believe the proletariat of Russia will be able to continue the struggle. The War Department approved the i scheme for the publication of a week- ly newspaper in France for the Amsrr ican troops. " .