Newspaper Page Text
-11 " ' " : - 1
"IF TEOTZKY DOES NOT WANT PEACE, HE WILL GET WAR," ULTIMATUM OF CONFERENCE GERMANS WILL ASSIST UKRAINE AGAINST BOLSHEVIKI TO SAFEGUARD FOOD. London, Feb. 15 Germany has resolved to renew military activities against northern Russia. This decision is said to have been reached at a conference at imperial headquarters, dis patches from Holland say. - The conference was attended by Emperor William, Chan cellor von Hertling, Field Marshal Von Hindenburg, Gen. Von Ludendorff, Foreign Secretary Von Kuehlmann and others. The "no war but no peace" plan of Leon Trotzky, the Bol sheviki foreign minister, was rejected at the conference, ac cording to the Amsterdam correspondent of the Daily Express and as Trotzky does not want peace he will get war. Invasion of Great Russia, it is added, will continue, at any rate until Petrograd is occupied by German troops. A dispatch from Rotterdam says the Germans take the view that Trotz kys declaration, though it did not end the war automatically ended the arm istice. (The armistice expired Feb. 14). The Germans now consider that they have a free hand and mean to use the opportunity. This, does not mean necessarily that the Germans will immediately try to reach Petrograd, but more probably that they will support tne TTKraine Ty ioree of arms. The Germans, he says. are,.carrying on an active propaganda -'In the Ukraine for the purpose of sug gesting to the ltada that the new state Is endangered by the Bolsheviki. It is declared that this is all part of Gcr many's scheme for breaking up the former Russian empire with , a view to extending her own power and in fluence over the new states, of whom it la posing as a protector. It is certain that the Bolsheviki are now moving troops against the Ukraine, a Berlin dispatch says, and the Central powers do not intend to allow themselves thus to be robbed of the fruits of their lately concluded peace. The newspaper adds that it "prODably has been decided at the conference- at imperial headquarters ', to resume operations on the northern ' Russian front for the protection of the Ukraine. An Amstedam dispatch says peace With the Ukraine was made not only i so the Central powers might obtain foodstuffs, but also to effect a breach in the eastern front, it is indicated in a dispatch from Vienna. A statement ! from a well informed source dealing with the conclusion of the Brest-Lit' ovsk negotiations says: "As Trotsky's attitude, particularly ; concerning the application of the prih j dpi of self determination, made t satisfactory conclusion impossible, i ! became the poliUcal task of the pow ', era who were working for peace to ; make a breach in the eastern front, ! that la, to arrange a peace with the Ukraine, thereby also arriving at a ! settlement of the Russian and Ruman t ian questions. Peace with the Ukraine j had to be made if only becaure a way Was opened by It to eastern Europe's I richest granary. True, the country is 1 not yet organized properly, but oppor ; tunity to effect Improvements is now ' given, and In conformity with the ', agreement stocks of food will be im ported here as far as they are avail able." The statement adds that peace with the Ukraine was obtainable only on condition that Cholm should be ceded to the Ukraine, the desire for whi':h could be fulfilled by the application of the principle of self-determination ; which la recognized as applying to ' Russian territory. Cholm, it is de clared. Is such a mixed country eth nographlcally that there cannot be a question of its belonging to Poland. Opposition to the arrangement ia , combatted by the statement that de 1 Clares it Is unintelligible, inasmuch' .' , as the principle of self-determination la appropriate for all 'Russian terri tory and, therefore, for Russian Po land. It adds that the arrangement did Dot surprise the Poles, who never received a definite promise and who often advocated the principle now ap plied to the demarcation of tho fron tier. The statement says "Trotzky and bis government, recognizing the im possibility of continuing the war un der the present conditions, preferred to lay down their arms with a cer ' tain eclat and to assume the pose of an oppressed people. Russian tactics, however, appear to be the worst for them because we are in no wise bound by their declaration, and from the standpoint of international law we are still in a state of war with Russia, qualified at present by the temporary armistice. "The Russian government gave us opportunity to denounce the armistice and continue the war, or to make a similar peace declaration. The Aostro-Hungarlan government has no reason to denounce the armistice. "In Germany a more skeptical opin ion appears to prevail, but an ex change of views should soon take ' place. On the other hand it would be ' a great mistake on our part to an nounce a state of peace now and thul nd oar hands. That would not do fiw eTwiijiU. we bare to farterreae CAP! CASTL AIR TESr Ex-Danger Loses Life Fly ing Near Fort Worth, Texas. Fort Worth, Tex., Feb. 15 , Capt. Vernon Castle of the Eng lish royal flying corps was killed this morning while flying 15 miles west of Fort Worth. Castle, in trying to avoid a ca det, swerved his machine beyond his control, fell, and was unable to right himself. Tho cadet was an American but was under in struction by the British. The ac cident occurred near the Ben brook field. Tiro cadet was unin jured. Castle had made more than 150 flights over the German lines and was the hero of many exploits in the war zone. His work had been especially on the Flanders front and covered a period of nine months. He came to Fort Worth last October along with Lord WeUosley. Vernon Castle had a national reputation as a dancer. His home was In New York. With ills wife, also a graceful dancer, ho attain ed great popularity several years ago as a teacher of modern dances. When the war broke out both of the Castles became inter ested in war work and Mr. Cas tle took up aviation. LL ORGANIZE TRANSPORTATIO OF GOAL TO N. I Washington, Feb. 14 Coastwise and Great Lake steamer lines operat ed by railroads were placed today by Director-General McAdoo1 under the supervision of W. H. Pleasants of-. New York, president of the Ocean Steamship Co., who was designated as manager of the marine section of the railroad administration. Special attention will be given to orgnization of water transportation facilities to insure greater movement of coal to New England next winter and better use of lake shipping to haul cpal to the northwest. Among the lines that will be under Mr. Pleasants' supervision are the Old Dominion, Ocean Steamship and the Southern Pacific ships. Independ ent steamship lines not operated by railroads are not involved in the new arrangement. Mr. McAdoo specified that the di rection of water shipping hereafter will be removed from the three regional directors and given exclu sively to Mr. Pleasants. From time to time it 18 planned, the railroad administration will take over temporarily steamers not needed by the shipping board for transatlan tic traffic and use them in the coast wise trade. to protect the Ukraine. "Our relations with the F.ussian government, however, are pot broken; neither do th,e Russians wish this. On the contrary, they desire to continue diplomatic relations through the wire less and the commissions now sitting in Petrograd. "We soon expect a declaration that Rumania ia ready to enter negotiations with us." CONSIDER PL FOR PAYING OFF IAR DEBT Liondon, Feb. 15. The Empire Re sources Development Committee has been trying to devise ways and means of paying off the vast legacy of debt that will be bequeathed by the war. It has not been long at it but accord ing to H. Wilson-Fox, M. P., a prom inent member of the Committee, it is making highly satisfactory progress in the solution of the problem. As outlined by Wilson-Fox in an address before the Royal Colonial In stitute, the collossal sums needed are to be obtained by the State developing certain resources of the Empire on a huge scale and turning over the prof its to the National Treasury. One of these is fish of which, Mr. Wilson-Fox said, unlimited supplies could be ob tained from Canada and Newfound land. This fish, it was asserted, could be sold in the United Kingdom at prices far, below those ruling before the war, provide a good living for all engaged in the work and yield the state a profit of from 25,000,000 to 50,000,000 a year. Another proposal was that the state should participate in the supply- and distribution of the palm products ob tained in the Empire which are daily becoming of greater importance as ar ticles of food. From this, it was cal culated, the profit would soon amount to 50,000,000 annually. Another 100,000,000 a year it was estimated could be derived by the state from electricity for light and power to be provided at much cheaper rates than private companies charged. The Home government, it was sug gested, should co-operate with Canada in the early development and sale of large tracts of corn land. If a grant of 200,000,000 acres could be negotiated, the committee believ ed, the nation's food supply would be assured and within a quarter of a cen tury the sale of farms in this area would pay oft a large portion of the Empire's debt. 'Looking into the future," said the lecturer, "we can visualize the state as an owner of vast herds of cattle overseas raised on lands which are to day unutilized; as a proprietor of for ests and valuable plantations of trop ical shrubs and trees grown on areas which are still virgin, and the harness er of mighty waterfalls fed bv the eternal snows of India and Africa; as an organizer of great commercial air services, and as the reaper on an im mense scale of the manifold harvest of the seas." FIFTY-FIVE BABES DIE AMID FLAMES Montreal, Feb. 15. From the ruins of the Grey nunnery's fire swept wing te bodies of 14 more children were re covered this forenoon, raising to 55 the death toll of the tragedy which visited tne institution last night. ine heroism of the sisters who were nursing soldiers invalided home from overseas fighting averted greater loss of life. Nearly 1.000 crippled men and women, wounded military men, and babies only a few weeks old were en abled to escape through the valiant efforts of the nuns. The cause of the fire" has not been determined). It started in the dormi tory of the Creche, where there weTe 170 children, mostly babies of a few days or a few weeks. At one time the entire institution was threatened with destruction. POLISH TROOPS GO TO WARSAW Amsterdam, Feb. 14 The Taeg lische Rundschau of Berlin announces that a deputation of Polish troops from Russia has arrived secretly at Warsaw on a special mission to the Polish cabinet. Petrograd dispatches early this month said that about 40,000 Polish troops in the Russian army had ex pressed a desire to return from Rus sia to Poland but had been stopped by a German objection to the plan. HOLCOMB FAVORS SACRIFICING DOGS Winsted. Feb. 15 -Gov. Holcomb in acknowledging a letter from B. E. Moore, who wants dogs treated as domestic animals and legislater to a limited number, says: "I have long felt that the sheep vs. dog question is of vital interest to the state. Thus far every remed ial legislative effort which would be of any effect has been defeated. My own opinion is that if 75 per cent, of the dogs in Connecticut were killed i wiser through experience, have re the sheep industry would revive to th built the, city earthquake proof; and great advantage of the state. The tno emissions of the volcano have not food question is getting to be acuta and the raising of sheep would ma terially help the state and 1 3 a benefit to the farmer." Mr. Moore has been campaigning on the dog vs. sheep question and de sires that the general assembly at its next session do something to restore the sheep industry. SWEDEN SEIZES ITCTNITION EXPORT London. Feb. 15 Great quantities of arms and munitions bound for Fin. land have been seized in the harboi of Stockhold, the Social Demokraten of Stockholm says. Half a million cartridges were delivered there to the order of an alleged private individ ual. The workmen at the Vesteras factory have informed- the govern ment that they will stop work if ex portation of munitions is permitted. Two Aged 10 and One 16, They Hold Up Pedestrians With Gun. Franctic with fear and on the verge of collapse, two women, giving the names of Mrs. Davis of 45 Beardsley street, and Miss Loretto Forbes, of 6 William place, staggered into the home of Richard A. Sullivan, 590 Noble avenue, about 11:30 last night and said they had been held up and robbed by three boys with a gun at Noble ave nue and Arctic street. Sullivan ran out of the .house to try to capture the boys, but they had already fled in the direction of Knowl ton street. He telephoned Police Headquarters and Detective Washburn was assigned to the case. When the women ran into Sullivan's house for protection they were too terrified and hysterical to give any clear account of what had happened but upon being revived and calmed they said that they were on their way home when they were accosted by three boys, two of them about 10 years of age and another about 16. All of the boys wore caps, and short pants. The oldest boy pointed a gun at the scared women and demanded that they hand over their pocketbooks or be shot. Mrs. Davis, when she saw the embryo bandits were in earnest, handed over her pocketbook contain ing a small sum of money. The boys then seemed to be satis fied and gave the women an oppor tunity to flee. They lost no time in examinh-g their booty, but fearing that the women would summon help they immediately decamped and had disappeared when Sullivan started to give chase. When interviewed by detectives to day the women were unable to give a very clear description of. the young gunmen, owing to the fact that ,when they were held up they were too ter rified to take particular notice of their acrosters. Detective Captain Cronan is of the belief that the boys will be rounded up without much difficulty and a dragnet has been put out over the entire district through which the trio will find it very difficult to slip. GANG AWAKES a SLUMBER F 2 CENTURIES San Jose, Costa Rica, Feb. 15. (Cor respondence of The Associated Press.) The Irazu volcano, the largest and highest in Costa Rica, awakened and began a new period of violent activity after nearly two centuries of quiet ness. The previous remarkable eruption of this volcano took place in 1723 when Costa Rica was the poorest of the col onies under the Orown of Spain. Dur ing that year the Irazu was in aetiv'ty throughout the whole year, emitting huge quantities of ashes, cinders, smoke, vapor and gases, and the man ifestation was followed by earth quakes. Then came a period "of long rest. It fell into a deep slumber for nearly 200 years. Now it has awakened again and is pouring out. without interruption, tor rents of vapor, sublimates and ashes, cinders and volcanic dobris which. air currents, have reached places 25 miles distant from the crater. At the foot of this volcano lies the historical city of Cartago, three times destroyed by the colossus and as of ten rebuilt by her inhabitants. Dur ing the present crisis Cartago has suf fered no harm as her inhabitants. reachei Cartago, owing to the heavy winds prevailing and , which have blown them towards the valley of San Jose. Thousands of persons have vis ited the summit of the mountain range to see the tv.-o oceans, and the gigantic column of smoke and gases aiming to the sky. The Irazu volcano stands 11,000 feet above the sea level and about 200 miles northwest of the Panama canal. Back in the prehistoric ages, this vol cano made formidable eruptions vom iting torrents of lava, miles in length, of which there are traces to be seen yet. Perhaps nothing similar will now happen; but the Costa Rica people al ways bear in mind the prediction of Humboldt who foretold that the Cen tral American and Panama Isthmuses were -doomed to- be swallowed by the waters of both oceans, making a broader canal than the .one that American genius built across the Isthmus of Panama. ! BEADY TO SELL. SMILEAGE BOOKS FOR SOLDIERS Hartford, Feb. 15 Arrangements for the sale in Connecticut of Smile age Books which contain coupons that are passes with which soldiers in camps can attend theatrical perform ances in the camp theatres have been perfected by the Connecticut State Council of Defense and the books will be available in all towns and cities throughout the state with in a few days. The plan under which the books will be sold has been designed to pro vide for disposing of this state's quota of the Smileage Books with the least possible disturbance and the greatest efficiency, eliminating the necessity of another "drive" for funds for war purposes. The State Council of Defense has worked out its plan for the sale of these Smileage Books in Connecticut in co-operation with the Military En tertainment Council of the War De partment Commission on Training Camp Activities. This Military En tertainment Council is responsible for the entire Smileage Book plan. The method by which the Smileage Books will be sold in Connecticut dif fers from the plan adopted In other states, and the Military Entertain ment Council is agreed with the State Council of Defense in the belief that it will be productive of more satis factory results than any other possi ble method of sale. The state council of defense has endorsed heartily the Smileage Book movement and its purpose and as sures Connecticut people that thi work does not duplicate any other agency. It has worked out with great care the details of the plan for sale of these books in Connecticut so that the matter may be more effect ively handled and may bring greater returns than would be otherwise pos sible. The state defense council is calling upon its local . agencies to boost the sale of Smileage Books to the limit of their ability. Smileage Books" are issued in two sizes. Books containing 20 coupons sel for $1, and books of 100 coupons sell for $5. These coupons in hands of soldiers in camps give the men free admission to the Liberty Theatres, which have been erected in all of the camps, and at which high-class pro ductions are to foe staged frequently. The books may be 'bought and sent to individual soldiers, or if the person who buys Smileage Books has no in dividual soldier in camp to whom the book can be sent, it may be forward ed to the commanding officer of any military camp and he will see to it that the book goes into the- hands of a man who otherwise would receive mo Smileage Book, The war bureaus andi town commit tees of the state defense council are the agencies through which these books will be put on sale. The plan devised by the council for their sale calls for the war bureau or town com mittee to put them into stores and other places where those Interested may uy them as they would buy any other article. Posters will bo provided for the stores in which they are to be sold, bearing the words "Get Smileage Books Inside," and there will be a space on the poster where the store proprietor may designate the depart metn or counter at which the books are being sold. There also will be cards to put on the counter indicating teh place In tho store where Smileage Books may be bought. The council .believes that the people of Connecticut will respond to this opportunity to provide free entertain ment for their soldiers in camp with out going through another "drive" for funds. The idea is to make it as easy to buy Smileage Books as to buy ci gars, candy or any other article. CLERGYMAN ON SAVINGS BOARD Hartford, Feb. 15. With the ap proval of Rt. Rev. J. J. Nilan, bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hartford, Rev. U. O. Bellerose of Taftville has been appointed by How ell Cheney, W. S. S. director of Con necticut, as assistant director of the War Savings Committee. Fr. Belle rose will be in charge especially of the work with the French residents in the eastern section of the state. He has accepted the appointment, and the state headquarters expects a very successful campaign among these peo ple under his direction. Thousands of members of various fraternal organizations throughout Connecticut are organizing war sav ings societies for the purchase of thrift stamps -and war savings cer tificates. This campaign has been started with the approval of Howell Cheney, director for Connecticut of the national war savings committee, and it is expected that many thou sands of dollars' worth of stamps will be disposed of among the members of the different lodges. The suggestion has been made that the different organizations inaugurate contests, and that prizes be awarded the society, members of which pur chase the greatest number of stamps. Members have taken hold of this proposition with great enthusiasm, and many have already pledged them selves to the purchase of one or more thrift stamps every week. HUGE TOBACCO PROFITS London, Feb. 15. Huge profits have been made out of tobacoo dur ing the past year. One large com pany shows a net profit for the year of over three million pounds sterling. They paid a dividend ot 30 per cent, and carried forward two and a half 1 millions sterling. GLOB HOUSE FOR AMERICAN FLEET TO BE ENLARGED Admiral Sims Gives Approv al to Project Made Neces sary by Increases. TALENT IS SUPPLIED BY MEN FROM SHIPS Splendid Entertainments Given in Which Soldiers and Sailors Take Part. Base American Flotilla in British Waters, Feb. 14. (Correspondence of The Associated Press.) The United States Naval Men's club house, the shore home of the sailors, is to be en larged. Vice Admiral William S. Sims already has given his approval to the project which is made neces sary by the ever-increasing size of the American force here. The cluib was built from funds contributed by generous Americans in London andi is the most popular rendezvous ashore, not only for t'i" sailors and their own officers, but also for British sailors and soldiers and their officers as well. Vice Admiral Sims is a frequent vis itor and it is not uncommon to see a British admiral or commodore drop in to watch the sailors at play in the "Vnly electrically lighted, steam-heated club in Ireland." Nightly shows have just been intro duced and are a regular thing with big shows on Saturday nights. The nightly affairs usually consist of movies, always with a comic film, hut the week-end entertainment includes pictures and acts by talent from the ships and from among the British Tommies ashore, and it is surprising what a great variety of talent there is among Americans and British here. The newest thing is a series of car toons by sketch artists discovered in the flotilla. These cartoons on hap penings in the flotilla or about town are thrown on the screen and produce loud guffaws. One which will he appreciated by the flolks back home depicted a de stroyer dropping shells all around the. German submarine U-53 which l-aided shipping off Nantucket, at which time the very same ships and men who are today chasing U-boats picked up the crews. In tho picture the fright ened suibmarie commander is peep ing out of the conning tower. Below are the words; "Soak him fellows, it's our old fri-end the U-53." The newest feature of the club is a well-equipped department store or canteen where American sailors and officers can purchase a great variety of necessities and luxuries at reason able prices. The kitchen, which is in charge of a chief petty officer from Newport, R I., who won a reputation feeding thousands in the American army, turns out the best food ashore. The dry provisions come from the United States; the fresh meats are bought ashore. War bread has not yet invaded this kitchen. To a chaplain who has just arrived here from Philadelphia to help watch over the spiritual welfare of the sail ors has fallen the task of searching out the -best of the ship' talent for the special entertainments. This "padre," who came originally from Schenec tady where he used to be able to call everybody by their first name, sig nalized his arrival among the sailors by bursting into poetry with the fol lowing result: Raise high now your glasses A health to the Navy Together we'll drink ere we leave here tonight; The Navy forever. In battle victori ous, Strong may her men be, and valiant in fight! May God prosper ever Her highest endeavor And make her a bulwark for Country and right! Drink now to the Admiral Raise high your glasses Ye men of the Navy, to him be ye true! Thankful are we for his wisdom and courage For the things he has done and the things he will do. May God give him strength Till we conquer r t length For together we fight for the White and Blue! Red, And last, let us drink . To our comrades gone from us, fc Who have given their lives in the fight with the foe; The price they have paid is the pri?o of our freedom! A tribute of praise for their service we owe. Their warfare is done; The laurels are won, Which a nation, to honor their deeds, will bestow. The toast was drunk at mess times during the holiday season, soda water being used in conformity with the rules of our teetotal navy. NEW POISON GAS. Amsterdam, Feb. 15 The German newspapers, speaking of the great of fensive which they say, Hindenburg is going to launch in the we-, say that the army has a new pci jn gas of surpassing effectiveness, "which is be ing reserved as a surprise for the Americans." - German Socialists are nrging ac ceptance of main American princi- Fuel Administrator to Restrict Monday Clos ing to Next Week. Hartford, Feb. 15 Reasons why the Monday closing order is continued in Connecticut and other New England states were given by Thomas W. Russell, state fuel administrator, in a statement made public this morning. Mr. Russell express ed the hope that the situation in New England would make such an impression on officials in wasnington mat it would be unnecessary to continue th heatless Mondays beyond next week. 'For over six months," Mr. Russell said, "the New England administra tors have been trying to make Wash ington realize tiiatt we are facing a ccal shortage. Ocr efforts, which had included conferences with President Wilson and other officials in high po sitions, were not successful in secur ing relief. "Receipts of coal in Connecticut during the first 12 days of this month were insufficient to take care of tha daily needs of domestic consumers and public utilities without allowing any coal for manufacturing purposes. "It, therefore, seemed necessary to continue to affect all possible saving of fuel so as to prevent a shutdown for any considerable period of the public utilities and manufacturing plants as well as to prevent the pos sibility of a famine and prevent mora serious shortage in the domestic sit uation. "The Maine Central railroad baa sufficient soal on hand t last only about eight days. The Boston & Maine has a supply sufficient ftor only 12 days, and is using 1,500 tons a day aibove the amount it receives. As a consequence the Boston & Maine is borrowing from the New Haven road 25 cars of coal a day, which meana that the New Haven road may be brought to the danger point in a very short time. If this should happen it would follow that the New Haven roadw ould have to commandeer coal cars on its lines right and left, re gardless of the consequences to publio utilities, retail dealers, and others. This would, of course, result in un told hardship to the general public. "It is my firm hope that the hard ships entailed on business and the employes of business in Connecticut, diue to Washington's inaction, may make a sufficient impression on offi cials at Washington within the next few days so that it will be unneces sary to continue the Monday closing beyond next Monday." Mr. Russell sent the following tele, gram today to Federal Fuel Adminis trator Garfield! "Monday closing extended in Con necticut due critical coal shortage. Since Feb. 1 receipts in Connecticut inadequate for daily consumption do- mestic and public utilities leaving none for factories. Earnestly pray you take measures shipment mora bituminous coal to Connecticut im-. mediately, otherwise many more gov ernment factories will close." AUSTRIA WON'T WITHDRAW ARMY Amsterdam, Feb. 15 Emperor Charles has issued an army order in connection with the Russian declara tion of termination of the war. in which he reviews the events of the war leading to Russia's military col lapse. ' The order as quoted in a Vienna dispatch, continues: "And yet the hour has not come when I am able to recall my warriors to their homesteads. But their re turn will come. Then may my peoples draw strength, from their recollection of the glorious deeds of their sons, for new prosperity. May God be with us." 400 AGENCIES IN CITY SELL STAMPS Hartford, Feb. 15 At the present time there are more than 2,500 agen cies throughout Connecticut where thrift stamps and war savings cer tificates mav be purchased, according to figures given out today at the flee of the state director of war sav ings. In Bridgeport alone there are more than 400 agencies, Hartford, New Ha ven and Waterbury are not far be hind. In addition to the agencies, tha stamps and certificates are on sale at the 374 post offices in Connecticut. Sales at many of the post offices run I into the thousands of dollars every day. The state director's office has also ascertained that there are arsencies at practically every -bank tn the state. Bankers have given valuable aid in. the sale of the stamps and have dona all in their power to prevail upon their patrons to buy stamps leeolmlx.