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THEj FARMER: FEBRUARY 22, 1918
TEUTONS SEIZE COL. PARKER NEW HEAD OF 102ND WHOLE, STAFF OF "SPECIAL ARMY" EGIMENT ABROAD EKMIMHAKE DEATH LIST OF STRANDED RED CROSS SHIP PLACED AT 102 PASSENGERS AND CREW SUFFER TERRIBLY IN STORMY SEA FROM COLD AND EXPOSURE CAP TAIN AMONG THE LIVING. St. John's, N. F., Feb. 25! Forty survivors of the steamer Florizel have been taken off by the coastal steamer Prospero, which now is on her way to St. Johns. Capt. W. J. Martin of the Florizel, Chief Officer James, Marconi Operator Car ter, two seamen and John Kielly, a passenger, were among the survivors. The death list is given as 102 in a report from the Gape Race agent of the Marconi Telegraph Gx Tho Prospero stood by all night while the Florizel was pounding on the rocks. A wireless message from the Prosper to John Crosbie, minis- . ter of shipping, sai-Z the rescue ship -hoped to embark the survivors safely and forward their names soon. The first batch of survivors was taken oft In three lifeboats and four dories but the sea was so rough that they were unable to approach the shore, near which the Florizel struck early Sunday morning while on a voyage from this port to Halifax and New York. All iiad suffered terribly .from cold and exposure. Steamers met the boats and took the rescued aboard. The wireless, message early today was the first word of hope that any of the 77 passengers and crew of 69 had been saved. The Prospero report ed every effort was made to transfer from the battered hulk. IMdnister Crosbke said it would be impossible to give the corrrct number of the dead until he had received defi nite reports from the relief ships. All told, there were 146 persons aboard the Florizel when the vessel sailed from here on Saturday night. There were 77 passengers, including 12 wo men and four children, and 69 officers and men in the crew. Frantio efforts were made by rela tives of the passengers aboard the Florizel to learn the names of those picked up by the Prospero. The first tnesase from that vessel saying at laast 40 persons were waiting to be rescued held out hop that others might be saved, and the Prospero's pommander was directed by the min ister of shipping Do send the names at the earliest possible moment. Many of the lost yesterday had tried to oeaoh shore in small boats, which were tossed about and swamped. Re ports last night accounted for seven bodies washed ashore. HcCUlBER DENQUNC MERICAN MEN HOLDING UP SHIPBUILDING, CONTRACT HOLDERS WHO ARE PROFITEERING, AND CALLOUS OFFICIALS ARE SCORED BY NORTH DAKOTA SENATOR. Washington, Feb. 25 Denouncing the Bolsheviki surren der to Germany, Senator McCumber, Republican, of North Da kota, told the senate today that a "Bolsheviki" sentiment in America was of no less danger to the cause of democracy against, autocracy. Profiteers, labor slackers and government officials who fail to stand against them were assailed by the senator in vigorous terms. Unless conditiona change, tho sen ator declared, only a collapse of the Central powers can save the Allies from defeat. "Search the worldi's history," de clared the senator, "and nothing can be found even to approach this most i damnable treachery to the faithful and bleeding allies this blackest treason to the country and national honor. "So, tod we have seen the effect of this Bolshevik s3entiment, 'more, still , more, always more,' regardless of jus tice, regardless of patriotic duty, in the shameful delay in ship construc tion on which the very life of a great world principle depends, and we are told that all munition plants, every line of industry on which the life of ,ithe government depends, soon will be reduced to the same cortdiition of im potency as the ship building pro gram." In supply profiteering. Senator Mc Cumber said, he would name one shin yard. Hog Island, Pa. The foun- . elation of that yard, he said, "is laid on graft," and the cost of construc tion, he said, will too "three or four times the government's original ti'mate," adding "this single hold-up of the government probably win cost not less than $30,000,000." "Like conditions prevail," he con tinued, "throughout the country wherever, speeding up production has become necessary. Contracts of the most atrocious character, always against the government, have been PICK UP CREW OF DANISH SHIP An Atlantic Port, Fob. 25 An Amer here today lean steamer arriving troug-ht 17 membora of the crew of the Danish steamer Tranquebar, who .were picked up at sea. There had fceen no previous report of the loss of toe TranqTChar, a vessel of 2,453 tons gross. The Prospero, a staunch coasting vessel, had been dispatched to the scene of the disaster at the first re port from Placentia Bay, 75 miles around the coast from Broad Cove, but after her departure government authorities felt her task was hope less. With the sealing ships Terra Novra and Home she stood outside the cove while reports were sent by observers on land that the sea had not sufficiently subsided to allow the launching of boats before daylight When naval gunners had shot a line from the shore across the bow of the Florizel as she lay submerged from her funnel aft and saw no at tempt on the ship to make the line fast, it was believed that all on board were dead. About midnight, how ever, watchers reported lights had been seen in the wireless room and the forecastle, showing some persons still alive. Later came the message from the Prospero reporting that she was alongside the Florizel and ex pected soon to take off the survivors. The report added that their names would be sent as soon as possible. Forcing his ship against a blizzard in which a blinding snow was driven by winds reaching hurricanep ropor- tions, the Florizel's commander, Capt. W. J. Martin, yesterday morning sought to round Cape Race on hia voyage from here to Halifax and New York. Apparently, however, he mis- Judged his position, for the Florizel rushed on the jagged rocks of Broad Cove on the east side of the island north of the cape. The region is un inhabited and means of rescue were not available. One wireless njessage said the steamer was rapidly break ing up, and nothing more was heard until rescue parties reached the scene. They reported boats could not be used and expressed doubt whether any on board could be saved. Through the day reports came that the ship was going to pieces and that her after decks were submerged. The Florizel, queen of the New foundland boats, was owned by the New York Newfoundland & Halifax Steamship Co., known as the Red Cross Line. Built in 1909, in Glas gow, with sloping sheated bow rein forced by concrete, she had been used in the sealing trade and this winter had done service as an ice breaker in New York harbor. Among the passengers who em barked at St. Jons were John Shan non Munn, managing director of the line, and his three-year-old daughter, six cadets of the P.oyal Flying Corps, Major Michael Sullivan, commander of the Newfoundland forestry battal ion, and several prominent New foundland business men. BOLSH O. K.'d by government officials. The government pays every dollar of ex pense for raw materials and yet pays individuals enormous profits. Men who never saw a ship yard, men who had no capital, have been given con tracts to build ships and they in tutm have contracted to sub-let those con tracts to others, retaining big commis sions. Banks have charged immense bonuses for obtaining contracts for their customers and all this within the knowledge of, or easily obtainable by government officials." Despite the fact that the nation needs ships as never before, in order to transport troops and supplies abroad and "notwithstanding the pa- fcriutic fervor of Mr. Gompers, union labor in our shipyards is slacking in a most shameful and disgraceful man ner," the senator declared. "Just how long the American peo ple will submit to being robbed, first by the material men, then by the la borer, and then to having both rob beries encouraged and acquiesced in by the government, the Lord only knows. "If the country is robbed, it is the fault of the officials In charge and not because of lack of power to prevent it." The death of every American sol dier abroad by reason of delay, hin dering the government in its efforts to speed up construction, is chargea ble not alone to slackers and idlers, but to members of congress as well. Senator McCumber declared. RECIPROCITY IN FISHING MUDDLE Washington, Feb. 25. With the ap proval of President Wilson, Secretary Redfield has issued orders to custom collectors to allow Canadian fishing vessels to enter and clear between American ports and the fishing banks. Reciprocal privileges have been asked from Canada from American, fishing vessels. ES EVIKI Berlin Feb. 25, via London. Ger man troops have occupied Pernau, a Russian seaport in Livonia, muss northeast of Riga, and Dorpat, 157 miles northeast of Riga, the German War Office announced today. In the German advance to Dorpat 3,000 Russians were taken prisoners. This flying detachment traveled 130 miles in five and a half days. The advance guard of Gen.Von Lin- singon s troops, in tne soutn, nave reached Zhitomir, 85 miles west of Kiev. In Rovno the whole staff of the Russian special army fell into the hands of the Germans. FINNISH TROOPS REMOVE RUSSIANS FROM ALAND ISLES London, Feb. 25 The Swedish force which seized the Aland islands consists of 500 soldiers, an Exchange Telegraph Co. dispatch from Copen hagen reports. These troops will form a guard until the end of the war. Six hundred Finnish White guards left the Aland islands on Swedish steamers which brought them to Sweden. They then were taken to Tor nea, in Finland on the Swedish bor- der.The Russian soldiers on the isl ands also will be removed. They probably will be sent directly to Fin land. It is reported that 500 White guards who took refuge on the Pelenge isl ands have been defeated by Red guards, a large number of them, mostly Finnish students, being killed. PERSHING THANKS WOMEN WORKERS MAKING GARMENT With the American Army France, Feb. 25 (By the Associated Press) A cablegram just forwarded to the surgeon-general in Washington mentions the great value of the gar ments that volunteer Red Cross work ers are making in the United States for the American expeditionary forces. The message contains Gen. Pershing's appreciation of the work done. It recommends that the medical depart' ment accept a.n offer of 100,000 con valescent uniforms which has been made bv American women. Gen. Pershing says the work done by American women is of service in promoting the morale of the army, and is of value because it releases commercial labor for other purposes, EXCESS PROFIT REVIEW BOARD WILL BE NAMED Washington, Feb. 25. A board of excess profit reviewers, consisting of about a dozen representatives of spe cial industries or business, will be ere ated soon by Internal Revenue Com missioner Roper to make ruling on specific questions involved in returns. BRIDGEPORT, 95 HEARS 98-YEAR-OLD RELATIVE IS DEAD Derby, Feb. 25 Mrs. Elizabeth Nichols Peck, aged 98, Derby's oldest resident, died today. She was the widow of the Rev. John L. Peck, once a well known Methodist preacher, and mother of the late John W. Peck, for 30 years superintendent of the Derby schools. Mrs. Peck's surviving rela tive is Lucien Peck, 95, of Bridge port. BITUMINOUS COAL OUTPUT NORMAL Washington, Feb. 25 Good weath er and a clearing of car congestion brought bituminous coal production almost back to normal in the week ending Feb. 16. The week's output, the geological survey announced to day, totalled 1,804,000 tons, nearly 1,000,000 tons more than that of the previous week. An average produo tion per working day of 1,847,000 tons was the highest since early De cember. SPORTS AT COCK FIGHT ARRESTED Greenwich, lea. za. Twelve men arrested for being present at a cock ing main in a Weaver street barn yesterday were fined nominal, sums by Judge James R. Mead today. William McCuen, owner of the place, was sent to jail for 30 days, but sentence was suspended. McCuen will pay the costs of the case. Prosecuting Attorney James F Walsh said today that the police were on the track of other men who attend ea tne main, area oi tne rour men who held up the crowd and robbed the members of it. 'QUAKE IN AMOY KILLED 10,000 Arooy, China, Feb. 25. Nearly 10,000 persons lost their lives as a result of the recent earthquake in the Amoy hinterland, say latest reports from Swatow. SEEKS SEVATORSHIP Chicago.Feb. 25. Joseph E. Davies, chairman of the Federal Trade Com mission, announced today that he will resign to enter the Senatorial race in Wisconsin. 0 Rugs and Two Dozen Blankets Silenced the Explosion. NITRO-GLYCERINE USED BY ROBBERS 'inger Print Expert is Baffled, Cracksmen Wearing Gloves. Monday, Feb. 25 Ycggmen of. a post graduate order were at work in Bridge port last night and according to Detective Captain Cronan, pull ed one of the neatest and clean est, jobs at safe cracking he has ever seen. Entering Lee Bros, furniture store, 1379 Main St, from the rear the yeggs, drilled the doors of the two-ton safe, soaped the seams, built a cup around the hole they had bor ed, filled the vents with nitro glycerine and with expert ac curacy detonated the charge with, an electric battery obtain ing $1,000. The store was entered over the roof of a shed on the Arch street side. The windows offered but little resist ance to the powerful tools carried. Once inside the store the burglars lost mo time in getting to work drilling the safe in the office at the rear of the store. Gloves were worn by the yeggs so that no trace was left for Lieutenant George Haux, the Bertillon expert, to work upon. When they had drilled the safe near the lock between the two heavy doors, had soaped the seams, and poured the charge of ex plosive into the soap cup, they piled 25 comforters and 10 heavy rugs about the massive steel safe that the explo sion might? be deadened. So powerful was the charge of soup" used that the heavy doors of the safe were torn from hinges and locks and hurled almost through tho building. Experts say the detonation i must have rocked the entire structure and had it not been for the cunning manner in which the thieves deadened the noise with the rugs and comfort ers, the explosion would undoubtedly have alarmed the three families living in the same house next door if not the entire neighborhood. As it was no one heard even the faintest noise. When the- safe had been blown the yeggs took the contents to the floor above and examined them at their leisure. All papers, checks, money or ders, or other valuables that might prove incriminating and awkward to get rid of, were left with the rifled money boxes, while the cash amount ing to 1,000, made up of bills of small or med&um denominations, and the receipts of the weekly payments on furniture formed the booty. The yeggs left their kit of tools be hind, yard upon yard of insulated electric wire, detonating caps, steel bits and braces, soap worked into the consistency of putty, and other equipment usually forcing the layout for the professional yegg. The rea son for leaving all of tais stuff be hind was undoubtedly because it would prove very suspicious if found upon them at any time. George B. Davis, the manager of tha store, was in the building yesterday afternoon about 3 o'clock and at that time everything was in order, so it is an established fact that the safe cracking occurred sometime last night. The robbery was not discov ered unUl opening time this morning and the police were immediately no tified. The loss will be covered by the in surance as the Lee Brothers have a policy with the Travellers' Insurance Co., covering burglary. In the clean up. the cracksmen overlooked $11, a ten and a one . dollar note. In discussing the case Captain Cro nan said: "This is the first safe blowing in Bridgeport since Thing's shoe store was paid a visit by yegg men about two years ago, and those fellows two years ago were amateur3 compared to the birds that pulled off the job last night "I have never seen a neater or cleaner job done by cracksmen and I have looked over the w-orK of some of the most notorious in the world. The fellows who did the Lee job are experts of the highest order. They overlooked nothing but the $11, which they may have left for luck. They had a complete layout of the store and offices and from all appear ances spent considerable time in plan ring the affair. "There are no new features con nected with last night's job, but it differs from the ordinary yegg work inasmuch as they took no chances and were not careless even t othe most trifling matter. The men are too dangerous to be allowed at large so we must get busy and get them." CHINESE SQUELCH MONARCHIST PLOT Peking, Wednesday, Fob- 25 A conspiracy to assassinate Gen. Tuan Chi Jui, the former premier and now war commissioner, has been discover ed by the authorities. Several ar rests, including those of three Japan ese, have been made. The plot is alleged to have been promoted by monarchists for the pur pose of avenging Gen. Tuan's defeat of Gen. Change Hsun, who led . the Manchu restoration effort last July. Recently it had been rumored that Chang Hsun had escaped from the Dutch legation where he took refuge last July after his defeat. - The 102nd United States infantry.in overseas service and made up largely of the former First and Second Con necticut regiments. National Guard, has a new commanding officer. He is Colonel John Henry Parker, a regular army man, a West Pointer, and known in the army as "Machine Gun" Park er, because of his study and develop ment of machine gun fighting, it is re. ported in letters from members of the regiment. He was commander, as a lieutenant, in the Spanish War, of the First Machine Gun Battalion the Uni ted States ever had. A Hartford soldier described his new colonel in a letter as a man who would deliver the gcoods. "It was an inspiring and solemn occasion when he took his oath before the en tire regiment," adds the writer. "He said: 'Not a life shall be lost from my failure to do my duty. All I ask is that you men do your best.' ' It is said the morale of the 102nd has improved wonderfully, the past month. The men go about whistling and singing and there is little grum bling and complaining. Colonel Parker was General Persh ing' s right hand man during the Mex ican campaign of 1916 and is spoken of by his associates as a "man's man." When the letter was written Col oel Isbell late commander of, the regiment was then at one of the big hospitals in an administrative capac ity and Captain Guinan was his adju tant Lieutenant Colonel Edwin E. Lamb was divisional provost marshal Major William F. Alcorn was also on detached duty. Major-George J. Rau was acting lieutenant-colonel. Captain Clarence H. Thompson of Company K, Captain Freland and Captain Harry Bissell were acting battalion commanders. Colonel Parker, new commander of the 102d was born in Tipton, Mo., September 19, 1866, son of Thomas P. and Nancy (Maxey) Parker. He wag graduated from West Point in the class of 1892 and admitted to the Missouri bar in 1896. He married Miss Ida Burr, daughter of G. W. Burr of Sedalia, Mo., September 22, 1892. He was commissioned second lieu tenant of the 13th infantry, June 11 of that year and on April 26, 1898, was commissioned first lieutenant. He was major of the fortieth and thirty ninth United States Volunteers from August 17, 1899, until May 6, 1901. In February of that year ne was commissioned captain and joined the Twenty-eighth infantry, regular army and on November 21, 1914, became major of the Eighth infantry. In 1917 he was major of the Twenty fourth (colored) infantry. He is the author of "Gatlings at battery at Santiago, Cuba, in 1898, and is an honorary member of the Roose velt Rough Riders' association of While in the Philippines trom 1899 to 1901 was made assistant to the chief judge advocate. In 1903 he devised and organized the first model machine gun battalion U. S. A., made permanent by an or der of the war department on Janu ary 22, 1914. He was the advisor to the governor Mantanzas province, Cuba, during the second intervention and was in charge of the municipal improvements of the province. In 1908 he was put on special duty organizing a first model unit of machine guns for duty with a regiment of infantry, and writing necessary texts for future development of machine gun service for infantry. He is the author of "Gattlings at Santiago," 1898; "Tactical Uses and Organization of Machine Guns in the Field," 1898; "Trained Citizen Sol dier," 1915, and author of a scheme of promotion by selection to as uper numerary or "distinguished service" list, amounting to 10 per cent, of the number of officers in army -on the active list, modifying the present sys tem of "lineal promotion." SEA FISHERMEN TO BE LICENSED R PAY PENALTY Fine of $5,000 and Imprison ment for One Year for Fail ure to Secure Permit. Hartford, Feb. 25. Salt water fish ermen, ".engaged at any period of the year, in the commercial distribution of all varieties of salt water fish," must be licensed. In fact, the Federal Food Administration for Connecticut pointed out today that such fisher men should have applied to "United States Food Administration, License Division, Washington, D. C," - and should have secured their license, for which no charge is made, by Feb ruary 15. The President's proclama tion regarding the salt water fisher men was issued January 10 and the food administration officials in Con necticut issued a warning through the newspapers late in January that all fishermen should get licenses under penalty of $5,000 and imprisonment for one year. Judging from the complaints and inquiries that are coming into the food administration office daily, many fishermen have not complied with the provisions of the President's proclam ation and the orders of the food ad ministration, which is preparing to proceed against any unlicensed salt water fisherman who engages in the business for profit or who offers his catch for sale rather than for his own personal use. Wholesale fisherman have been licensed since November 10 and their licenses will suffice. Like wise, paid employes of fishing firms do not require any license otl-er than that held by their employers. The sea food which comes under the regu lations, which the food administration will shortly issue, includes all salt water fish, menhaden, crustaceans, and shell fish, such as oysters, crabs, lobsters, and clams. The control given the food administration will enable the fishermen to increase their catches and will give hem opportun ities to broaden their operations. The Durham Miners' Association decided to support the British Gov emment's Man Power bill. LENINE DECLARES FOE IS KNEELING ON CHEST OP SLAVIC EMPIRE BUT PROLETARIAT WILL CONQUER FRANCIS DECIDES TO STAY IN CAPITAL SEND ENVOYS TO BREST FOR PEACE CONFERENCE. London, Feb. 25 Germany plans to restore the monarchy in Russia, says a telegram dated Friday in ,Petrograd to the Morning Post. It asserts that the Grand Duke of Hesse has been appointed the commander in the Riga section of the Ger man front. "His sister," the dispatch adds, "the former Empress Al exandra, as the guardian of her son, the former tsarevitch. is the favorite German candidate for the throne x x x." "The former emperor will not ac cept the throne from German hands. The Bolsheviki have provided a form of government which the Russians alone understand pure despotism. They have paved the way for the re turn of the monarchy." Petrograd d ispatches to the As sociated Press say the Germans late Saturday were still advancing into the provinces they had decided to occupy. In this connection it is reported that they are executing Red guards, treat ing them as outlaws, but releasing and disarming soldiers of the regular army. The Pravda, the Bolshevik organ, declares the Germans are restoring shoulder straps to Russian officers and forcing the Russian soldiers to salute them. The resolution to agree to the Ger man peace terms was adopted by the central executive committee of the all Russian council of workmen's and sol diers' delegates by a vote. of 126 to 85. Twenty-six members of the com mittee were not present. Gen. COtant Mirbach, commanding the armies occupying Esthonia and Livonia, has issued a manifesto to the population declaring they now are under German police power. He or ders the release from prison of all barons of Esthonia, declaring they are under the protection of Germany. Violation of the proclamation will be punished under German laws. "Kidnapping" of barons into Russia Is to be punished by holding Bolshe viki as hostages. Petrograd, Sunday, Feb. 24. "Their knees are on our chest and our posi tion, is hopeless," declared Nikolai Lenine, the Bolshevik premier, in the course of his long speech to the cen tral executive cdmmittee of the all- Russian council of workmen's and soldiers' delegates in which he insist ently urged the acceptance of the Austro-German peace conditions, however oppressive and unfortunate they might appear. mmm OSTA Rl( INSURREGTOS LED BY GO G ED NEAR PUNTA ARENA PEOPLE THROUGHOUT ' COUNTRY GENERALLY LOYAL. San Jnsp. fin c.a Rif-n. Feb. has been put down ana oraer The troubles had their inception last Friday when a band commanded by Rogerlio Fernandez Guell, editor of El Imparcial, a pro-German news paper, which had been suppressed by the Costa Rican government, attacked a passenger train from Punta Arenas, capturing some of the passengers. This band continued looting along the railroad line until the forces of the government arrived and routed the rebels. Some of the insurrectionists were captured and the others fled in disorder, being followed up by the troops. TWENTY MEN AND ONE MACHINE GUN ALSO BROUGHT IN ; BY MIXED PATROL MANY GERMANS KILLED IN SKIRMISH U. S. BOYS UNHURT. -i With the Chemin des Dame France, Sunday, Feb. 24(By An American patrol, in conjunction with a French patrol, early yesterday penetrated a few hundred yards into the German lines and captured two German officers, 20 men and one ma chine gun. There was some sharp fighting and a number of the enemy were killed and wounded. There were no American casualties. The Franco-American pa trol was under command of a French officer. The French war office communica tion on Saturday reported that north PLANNING DEMOBILIZATION. Amsterdam, Feb. 25 The German and Austrian trade unions are engag ed in a squabble over .demobilization programs. According to the Aus trian labor paper Der Kampf, both are agreed that, after peace is con- 1 1 j i' n n wnrk.r RliniilH hj IfAnt i n X the , army longer . than is absolutely -V?-f "This peace must be accepted as a respite." he continued, "enabling us to prepare a decisive resistance to the bourgeoise and imperialism. The pro letariat of the whole world will come to our aid." Leon Trotzky, Bolshevik foreign minister, will not go to Brest-Litovsk to sign the new peace terms, nor will any of the other- members of the Russian delegation that conducted the earlier negotiations there, with the exception of M. Karakhan, secre tary of the former delegation. The workmen's and soldiers' dele gates today chose for the new delega tion M. Zinovieff, president of the Pearograd council of workmen's and soldiers' delegates; M. Aliexieff, acting commissioner of agriculture, and M. Sokolkolkoff. This delegation, accom panied by naval and military repre sentatives, will leave tonight for Brest' Litovsk. The Allied ambassadors, at a con ference yesterday at the American embassy, determined to remain in Petrograd pending developments. The general belief in embassy circles is that the German terms which the Bolsheviki have agreed to accept are couched in such ambiguous terms that they must be cleared up thor oughly before the actual status of ' Russia can be ascertained. Some members of the embassy staff have already left, while others will leave by way of Siberia on a special train together with many Al lied nationals. The ambassadors however, have not yet reached a de cision. Ambassador Francis, J. Butler Wright, the counsellor, Norman Ar mour, second secretary, and Private Secretary Johnson and a sufficient staff of clerks will remain in Petro grad, M. Karakhan, who was secretary of the Russian delegation in Brest-Litovsk, explained to Tho Associated Press today that the Bolshevik gov ernment considers most ambiguous the part of the German terms con cerning the demobilization of the Rus sian army. A literal translation of "up to newly formed battalions," M. Karakhan said, may either exempt or include the new "Red army." "This is disputable," he addied. "I think of course that they meant the Red army also must be demobilized, but on this we will not yield without discussion. We think we are entitled to an army on at least a peace foot ing. That would be sufficient to ac complish our internal purposes." M. Karakhan declared Russia's po sition toward the Allies now undoubt edly be that of a neutral, adding: "We will not support Germany. The only support it will get will be indi rect, from the resumption of commer cial relations." puts PRO-GERMAN AGITATOR DEFEAT 25 The rebellion in Costa Rica : nas neen completely irawi. VnBtprrtnv there was another small movement in the outskirts of Cartago and a similar one in Turrialba, but the rebels in these places were dis persed almost without resistance. The movement has had no echo in the rest of the country. Order has h.n comDletelv restored and the 'Costa Ricans, almost without excep tion have offered their services to tn government. The casualties in the fighting were only three killed and five wounded. There was no destruction of property. Railroad traffic has been re-established. s unit of the American Army in the Associated Press) : of the Ailette river, which parallels the Chemin des Dames, French troops J had penetrated the German lines as far as the neighborhood of Chevrigny. They were reported to have returned with material and 25 prisoners, in cluding two officers. The presence of American unit3 ' along the ramous ehemm fces 2Srmes was disclosed in an Associated es dispatch last Friday. In a patrol fight '. the previous day American Ei'ldters ' had killed, cce German and captured " I another. One American was Wouno . j ed slightly. j necessary on military grounds, but in : regard to the exact process of de- -mobilization they differ. The Aus- : trian unions demand discharges ac-- cording to age, while the German : unions insist that the first considera- ; tion should be given to particular callings and groups of workmen, the'; motive being to bring about the eco nomic revival as soon as possible.