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THE PAEUEE: MAECU 1, 1918
liir on U. S. VOLUN AlDi TWENTY-SIX PICKED MEN IN FEANCO-AMERICAN SALLY INTO TRENCHES OF GER MANSENEMY DEFENDERS TAKE1T IN HAND-TO-HAND BATTLE. With the American Army in France, Monday, Feb. 25 (By he Associated Press) Details of the Franco-American raid in Ihe Chemin des Dames on Saturday show that 26 picked Ameri can soldiers participated after every member of the battalion had volunteered. The Americans moved forward eagerly to the attack be hind a barrage fire, the first time this has been done by our troops. Some Americans made captures and others chased Prussians through trenches. Rehearsals for the raid were held ' the day before. The barrage fire be g.m at 5:30 o'clock in the morning and continued until 6:35. The Americans among the 100 in the attacking party were surprised at the precision with which the French shells fell and went a little faster ' than they should have done and were within SO yards of the dropping shells when they reached the enemy lines. Relief had Just been completed in the German trenches and officers were making the rounds. The Germans took shelter in a dugout roofed with rails and sand bags. A French shell made a direct hit and the enemy scattered rbout the trench. At the same nio- ' mcnt the Americans and French jump ed in. ' There was some " p.nd to hand fight ing but the entire enemy party at this point was captured. The raiders forced the enemy out of other shelters and communicating trenches. The raiders and prisoners started back across No Man's Land on sched ule time, but were caught in a Ger man counter barrage. One enerty shell wounded five Germans and six Frenchmen, but no Americans. The prisoners were from 16 to 40 years of age. All apparently were under-nourished. Ti:e artillery contest in the Ameri can sector northwest of Toul grows more intense daily. The Germans fired a hundred or more shells during tho last jS4 hours and late this evening began to bombard violently some of our batteries with ras and high ex plosive shells. The American artillery has replied constantly, idioing most effective work against the enemy front line trenches, his 'battery positions and wire entan glements. Numerous enemy working parties also were shelled. Beyond ob servation by balloons there has been no aerial activity because of the low clouds and rain. American machine guns last night and tills morning fired many thou sand rounds in. the rear of the Ger man positions where marked move ment of men and material progresses. The enemy tried unsuccessfully to hinder the American patrol work by hurling new and powerful flares Into the American wire entanglements. STUDY REPLY OF VON HERTLING TO WILSON SPEECH Washington, Feb. 2-S. Gorman Chan cellor von Hertlinrfr's speech to the fMchstag was carefully studied today by President Wilson and state de partment officials without any official indication of how it was regarded or that It would be a (basis for a further step In the president's custom of dis cussing the subject of peace in the open before congress. Intimations that the president would make it the occasion ffcr another addtress imme diately found no official support. Other officials who- read the chan cellor's address closely thought it (served to emphasize a point made by President Wilson in one of his earlier addresses dealing with the peace aims of the powers, that while the Central powers appeared to accept the general broad altruistic principles for which the Entente allies andi America were contending, when it came to the ar rangement of details the Central pow ers appeared reluctant to apply these principles. "SEND MORE LIKE THEM TO FRANCE" An Atlantic Port, Feb. 25 Maj. Gen. Adelbert Cronkhite, commandant of Camp Lee, Petersburg, Va., who has been making a tour of observation of fighting condition in France, Lieut. Col. C. E. Kilbourne, who has been Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood's aide and was partly blinded in an explosion, - O. C. Hayne of Pittsburgh, and M. Dunn of Philadelphia who have been serv ing with the American Red Cross on the Italian front, were among the passengers aboard a French steamer which arrived here today. "AH that we need is some more men just like tbem," said Maj. Gen. Cronk feite, in commenting on the splendid ondition in which he found the American soldiers serving overseas. CONDEMNS DISEASED HORSES. Hartford, Feb. 25 Cattle Commis sioner Whittlesey has condemned two Slandered horses found in New Haven in a shipment of nine horses from New York. The horses were found in a livery stable in New Haven and are' now under quarantine. SUBMARINE SINKS FREIGHTER. Kew York, Feb. 26 The British freight steamer Philadelphia, of 5,128 gross tons, owned by the Leyland line, has been sunk by a submarine. She lef' he-e v.-Kh cargo for British forts on Feb. 11 and was torpedoed t .out Feb. 21. -News of the Philadelphian's loss was received today in marine Insur ance circles aa confirmed at the (Sees of the Uytad line. TTAI ini I OF TEER LINER FLORIZEL IS POUNDING T PIECES ON ROC Death List Remains at 92, With 44 Saved. BOAT OWNER SEES DAUGHTER DROWN Survivors Fought Hours Against Crashing of Waves. c Johns. Nt, Feb. 26. The Red CToss liner Florizel was slowlv bat tering to pieces today on the rocks of road cove, not far from Cape Race. Meanwhile 44 of the passengers and crew brought here yesterday by res cue ships told, of the horror of their 26 hour vigil before heroic Newfound land fishermen were able to get them off in small boats. Search along the coast near where the Florizel struck on Sunday morn ing on a voyage from this port to Halifax and New York was prose cuted with vigor to recover bodies of the 92 persons who lost their lives in the disaster. Reports on Sunday night told of bodies washed ashore, but af ter it was found that some of those on board the vessel were alive all ef forts were turned toward saving them. Most of those who lost their lives Were swept from places Of safety to which they sought to cling, within a few minutes after the Florizel dashed on the rocks. As the vessel's bow rose in the crash those who escaped being trapped below decks and drowned by the torrents of water that poured in through companionways, scrambled forward for refuge. Some were washed from decks and others were killed toy bits of wreckage or so badly injured that they could not reach the higher vantage points. John 8. Munn, managing director of Bowring Brothers, limited, owners o the Florizel, after seeing his little daughter swept overboard, made his way to the bridge deck, where 30 who escaped from the saloon had gath ered. For two hours they were safe, but then a wall of water wrenched the deck away and a few minutes later 20 others, clinging to the smoking-room roof, were similarly en gulfed. Thirty-two of those who escaped were huddled in the wireless room that withstood the storm, and others maintained a place of refuge in the forecastle Iby rebuilding a barricade whenever the waves 'battered in the door. The only one of those caught below decks who was saved was John Kiely of this city, who took refuge in the upper berth of his state room. Washington, Feb. 26 E. W. Stev enson of New York, was the only American citizen on the lost Red Cross liner Florizel, according to a report of the American consul in St. Johns, N. F., to the state depart ment. Stevenson's pame is not amon those reported saved. GERMAN AGENT IN CUBA HELD Havana, Feb. 26. Julius Messer, a German mining engineer of Santiago de Cuba, is under arrest here and in terned . in the Cabanas fortress, charged with espionage and propa ganda among laborers in an effort to interrupt the handling of the sugar crop. Messer is said to be an inti mate friend of George Hildebrant, German chemist and alleged spy, who also is a prisoner in Cabanas. TWELVE DEAD IN SOUTHERN WRECK Columbia, S. C, Feb. 26 Twelve dead and 37 seriously injured was the toll of yesterday's Southern railway wreck near here. A coroner's in quest was under way today with the object of fixing responsibility for the disaster. Secretary of State Lansing and former Secretary of State W. J. Bryan will be called to testify for the de fense of 31 persons charged with con spiracy to foment a revolution in India- Differences between the House and Senate on the Webb bill, to permit American . exporters to . combine on foreign trade, were straightened out, and the bill will go to President Wil son for approval. W. A. Baker of the International Bible Students' Association of Brook lyn, was not permitted to speak at Grant's Pass, Ore., because he was not a member of the Red Cross, did not own thrift stamps or Liberty bonds, and was not backing the gov ernment's war program." - mil mi 10 WILFUL XL Administration Senator Blames Them For Boldness of Huns. HITS POLITICIANS HELPING TEUTONS Denounces Activities of Von Bernstorff and His Agents. Washington, Feb. 26 Sena tors who participated in the fil ibuster that resulted in the de feat of the armed ship bill last session were assailed by Sena- tor Swanson of Virginia, an ad ministration leader, in a speech today, as having destroyed "the last chance for peace" between the United States and Germany. By this action, he said, Germany was convinced that we did not have the cour age to defend our rights and that no injury she could inflict would result in warfare. "This 'small group of wilful sena tors' " Senator Swanson declared, "were responsible for the creation of this belief in Germany and deserve se vere condemnation for misrepresent ing and thwarting at this critical time the will of the American people. Con vinced by defeat of the measure for armed neutrality that the United States was too craven to fight, hardly had congress adjourned before Ger many commenced the enforcement of extended submarine warfare." Senator Swanson after reviewing the causes that led to America's en trance to the war declared there is "an insidious and treasonable propa ganda now conducted in this country designed to produce dissatisfaction and patriotic lethargy in order to ob tain a German made peace." Engaged in spreading this perni cious propaganda, he said, is ' a motley crew composed of fanatics, German spies and persons corrupted with German gold and promises, offi cered by a few Felfish politicians who foolishly think they see an opportunity for self -advancement although it may result in the wrecking of the coun try." The activities of former German Ambassador von Bernstorff and other German agents despite our neutrality in attempting to cripi .e our indus tries, instigate plots and to influence the congress in the interest of the Ger man empire also were denounced by Senator Swanson. NEARLY ALL IN DEVENS CARRYING WAR INSORANGE Eartford, Feb. 26 Figures on the amount of government war risk insur ance taken by men in the service have been ' procured by the Connecticut State Council of Defense, which through its local agencies in all towns and cities in the state, is con ducting a campaign among relatives of soldiers and sailors appealing to them to urge men in the service to take advantage of this insurance. With the extension of time for filing ap plications to April 12, the campaign for War Risk Insurance has taken new lease of life. The total amount insured to date now exceeds $9,000,- 000,000. The Army camps show an especially good return. Every one of them has more than 92 per cent, of its men insured, while five have 99 per cent. and upwards. From the camps, more than 1,000,000 applications, repre senting insurance of over $8,500,000, have been received by the War Risk Insurance Bureau in Washington. Cable reports from France show that most of the men over there have applied for insurance. Including this insurance from overseas and the in surance at the arsenals, flying schools, barracks, recruiting depots, and other military and naval stations, the total amount of insurance is approximate ly $9,200,000,000, with an average policy of $8,177. There is now active rivalry among the camps to see which shall first reach the goal of 100 per cent, in sured. There is also rivalry among the camps to see which shall take out the largest total amount of insurance and which shall take out the largest per capita amount. In totals Camp Logan, Texas, leads with $316,000,- 000. Camp Greene, North Carolina, is a good second with $313,000,000. In per canttj ranking. Camp Devens, Massachusetts, comes first. In per cent, of men insured Camp Dodge, Iowa, leads with 99 9-10 per cent. Camp Devens has taken $246,814,600 of this insurance, its percentage of men insured being 97.9. The total amount of government in surance in force is more than three times as much as the total ordinary life insurance in force with any life insurance company in the world. The State Council of Defense an r ounces that full information can be ol-tained from the Bureau of War l.;sk Insurance, Washington, D. C. together with the proper blanks. Beneficiaries can easily fill out the blanks themselves and send them di rectly to the government. The per son in the service must sign an au thorization for this, or may apply for insurance himself directly through his commanding officer. POWDERED GLASS IN CHEWING GUM Stanlogtoo, Feb. 2S Dr. James . H, Weeks, local representative Of the State Council of , Defense, has had reported to him a case of (round glass found in chewing Sun here and has sent samples of the gum in question to the Council in Hartford for a more thorough examination. He has made a thorough report of his in vestigations here ar-d awaits fur tlier instructions from the State Council of Defense. When the matter was reported to him he started an investigation at once under instructions from Hartford, getting samples of this particular make of chewing gum from all stores in the borough. On Sunday, Dr. Weeks and Dr. Thur ber made an examination of one package and found what was un doubtedly ground glass. INTERNATIONAL EGG CONTEST For the past two months it has seemed that each time the hens in the laying contest at Storrs got fairly under way and just ready to lay a lot of eggs they have had to face adverse weather conditions. The sixteenth week of the competition is a nice ex ample of the case in point. The hens laid at a rate of 40 per cent, as com pared with 34 per cent, for the pre vious week. The total number of eggs amounted to 2801 or a gain of more than 400 over the previous week's production. Thus all the signs look good except that the last day of the contest week brought a below zero temperature with a drop of nearly 50 degrees in twenty-four hours. Rich ard Allen's Rhode Island Reds from Pittsfield, Mass.', were an easy first for the week with a yield of 51 eggs. Joseph M. Rothschild's Barred Rocks from Katonah, N. H., were second on the list with a production of 45 eggs. Laurel Hill Farm's White Wyandottes from Bridgeton, R. I., and A. P. Rob inson's White Leghorns from Calver ton, N. Y., tied for third place with 44 eggs each. Not a few people have been more or less disturbed by the Food Adminis tration's ruling that prevents the sale of live or freshly killed hens or pullets for meat purposes until after April 30th next. So far as poultrymen are concerned such ruling was unneces sary. As. previously pointed out in this column, everyone of course under stands that hens will lay relatively many more eggs during the next few months than any other time in the year. To be sure all are aware that very high feed prices prevail, but there has likewise been an upward trend in the egg market. Last week the eggs from the laying contest sold at wholesale for 65 cents a dozen as compared with 50 cents a dozen for the corresponding week two years ago. The Storrs Experiment Station has just published bulletin No. 95, entitled Factors in Incubation." This is a pamphlet of about fifty pages and will be sent gratis to those who are inter ested in hatching. All the latest ideas in incubation are incorporated in this newest bulletin on the subject. Barred Plymouth Rocks Jules F. Francais, West Hampton Beach, L. I. 468 Rock Rose Farm, Katonah, N. Y. 440 Tom J. Adamson, Laurel P. O. Quebec, Can. 416 Joseph M. Rothschild, Katonah, N. Y. White Wyandottes 416 Obed G. Knight,: Bridgeton, R. I . 554 Brayman Farm, Westville, N. H. Frank Dubois, East Lynn, Mass. Rhode Island Reds 479 455 Richard Allen, Pittsfield, Mass. 475 Pinecrest Orchards, Groton, Mass. 441 Chas. H. Lane, : Southboro, Mass. White Leghorns 366 J. O. LeFevre, New Paltz, N. Y. 486 Braeside Poultry Farm, Stroudsburg, Pa- 442 Hollywood Farm, Hollywood, Wash. 417 Miscellaneous Cook & Porter, (Buff Wyandottes) Easthampton, Mass. 490 Ore. Agricultural College (Oregons) Corvallis, Ore. 488 H. P. Cloyes (Buff Wyandottes) East Hartford, Conn. 412 FENG YUS HIANG HELPING SOUTH Peking, Wednesday, Feb. 20 Gen. Feng Yus Hiang, in command of 10,- 000 northern troops, has rebelled against a recenUmandate of President Feng Kwo Chang urging the general, who is a northerner, to attack the southern rebels. Gen. Feng is said to have established himself near Kui kiang on the border of the provinces of Hepeh and Hunan, and is givin; help to the southerners. The capture of Ichang, a strategical position on the Tangtse Kiang, by the southerners, is confirmed officially. FIND GERMAN BOMBS IX NORWAY Christiana, Feb. 25. Fresh discov eries of bombs of German origin have been found in Norway. A. large store of bombs intended to blow up ships carrying iron ore to England was un covered a few days ago at Kirkenes, a seaport. Nine large bombs and a number of smaller engines of des truction were located at Findelin in a room formerly occupied by alleged accomplices of Baron Reutenfels, whose operations were extensively aierd several months ago. BOY BURGLAR SENTENCED. Amsterdam, Eeb. 25 Karl Wilke, a 17-year-old "schoolboy who burglar ized the German emperor's castle at Wilhelmshohe last November, has been sentenced to nine months' im prisonment by the German courts. At the trial he stated that he needed money to pay a $50 restaurant bill in curred in celebrating bis birthday. He thereupon committed seven successive burglaries at the imperial castle, ob taining art objects and other valua bles worth $25,000, which he' took from the private apartments of the emoeror and emnress. The whole lot was sold to an antique dealer for $6 N Beri Beri"and Scurvy Rake Hun Prison Ship Long in Hiding. Copenhagen, Feb. 26 The Spanish steamer Igotz Mendi, with a German prize crew from the Pacific ocean on board, is ashore near the Skaw lighthouse. Two of the prisoners aboard are Amer icans. The prisoners on the Igotz Men di were taken from six ships that had been sunk. Several of the prisoners had been aboard, the vessel for eight months white she cruised in the Pacific ocean. - Twenty-two persons, including nine women, two children and two Americans, have been landed by a lifeboat from the Skaw. The Danish authorities have interned the German commander. The German prize crew refused to leave the ship. There has been an epidemic of beri beri and scurvy on board the vessel. Tho Igotz Mendl was captured by the German auxiliary cruiser Wolf nine months ago in the gulf of India. The German navi gators who "were placed aboard had been following the Wolf ever since. ' STATE COUNCIL DVISES CITIES : ECONOMICAL Recommends That Towns Give Up Spending Money ' For Improvements. WILL CONTROL ALL CHARITABLE FUNDS Dr. C. C. Godfrey Explains Plans for State Charities Conference. Hartford, Feb. 26.-Oontrol of the time and plan for collecting all char itable andi philanthropic funds in the various communities of the state by local agencies of the Connecticut State Council of Defense should re sult from action taken by the council at its weekly meeting yesterday at the state capitol. This action was taken in an effort to avoid conflict in the time and plan of solicitation for wor thy causes. The council members discussed the numerous appeals for funds for many causes in all parts of the state. It was pointed out that these campaigns frequently conflict in date, a condi tion detrimental to both of the con flicting causes. To avoid this situa tion, the State Council voted that its local agencies be instructed bv the chairman "to control during the pres ent emergency, the time and plan for collecting funds bv public aPDeal for all local charitable amdl philanthropic work in their several communities. Bryan F. Mahan of New London, a member of the New London War Bu reau, made an informal report to the council on the need of relief in hous ing conditions in that city. Hie will make a formal report at the meeting' next week. The problem will be taken up by the council with the Housing Committee of the United States Department of Labor. George L. Warren, secretary of the Connecticut Conference of Charities and Correction, appeared befiore the council to explain the plans for the state conference to be held April 21, 22, and 23, 1918, in New Britain. Ap proval of the conference plans was voted by the council at Mr. Warren's request, and a special committee was appointed to confer with the officers of -the conference concerning all pos sible co-operartion. The committee members are: Dr. D. Chester Brown, Dr. C. C. Godfrey and Miss Margarei T. Corwin. The Committee on Woman's Activi ties ireported that patriotic food ex hibits had been held in eight counties, with 22 additional exhibits arranged and tentative plans for 11 others. The State Defense Council also vot ed "that the Council of Defense rec ommends to all towns, cities, boroughs and districts in Connecticut that they do not engage in public improvements that are not absolutely essential to the general welfare," for the period of the war. The vote was passed as the result of an inquiry from the board of finance of West Hartford, asking for the advice of the Council on the construction o'f macadam on residential streets, not trunk line highway. C. J. Bennett, state high way commissioner and chairman of the Council's transportation commit tee, 'reported to the Council that the policy of the state highway depart ment is to confine its work to main thoroughfares, refraining from work on side roads, for the period of tho war. The Council heard a report from George M. Landers, chairman of its committee on food supply and con servation, outlining plans for the use of boy labor on farms this year, talk ing of the success of the Litchfield County farm survey covering more than 3,500 farms. Just completed, and giving details concerning other work of this sub-committee. Decisions will be made next week on the proposition of similar surveys in the other seven counties in Connecticut. HOLDS MANY "FIRSTS" Norwich, Feb. 25 Walter P. Mor an, reported severely wounded in ac tion by Gen. Pershing on Saturday, was the first to be drawn in Norwich for the selective draft, the first to be examined, the first to be sent to Camp Devens, the first to be sent abroad, and the first Norwich boy to be wounded. He is the son of John 5.1a. Moran, a real estate dealer. CRUISED PACIFIC MONTHS GERM CHANCELLOR COMPLAINS ENEMY IS MEANWHILE HOT HORDES PRESS ON IN RUSSIA "DEFENSE OP FATHERLAND" KAISER'S AIM IN SEIZING TERRITORY AND EXECU TING UNRESISTING SLAV SOLDIERS. Amsterdam, Feb. -26 The Central powers' intend to givft self-government to the provinces of Gourland. and Lithuania, Imperial Chancellor von Hertling declared in his address to the reichstag yesterday. The Chancellor said the Central powers had freed Poland with the intention of calling an independent state into existence. The constitutional problem involved still was being discussed in its narrower sense, he said, by the three countries. SENATOR HEED IN HACK ON FUEL DINISTRAT9R Washington, Feb. 26 Responsibil ity for the coal shortage was placed squarely on the fuel administration by Senator Reed of Missouri today In a "statement of facts" submitted to the senate sub-committee on man ufacturers as a basis for a report of its recent investigation of the fuel situation. Senator Reed's statement was not the report of the sub-committee, which investigated the food and fuel administrations, btrt a state ment of his individual conclusions on the facts. "The chaos now existing in the coal business," the statement said, "must give place to stability or we will in the near future be confronted by a coal shortage of the most disastrous character." For this reason. Senator Reed said, there should be an immediate an nouncement of prices and contracts which would be allowed to succeed present coal contracts, of which vir tually all terminate on April 1. The statement also advocated the announcement of a fixed time in Which the business world may safely adjust itself to the new contracts and Ladded: "It is plain that the prices allowed to be charged must be reasonably remunerative. If this is denied, the maximum of production cannot be expected." Senator Reed declared the recen fuel order closing industries east of the Mississippi river was issued by the fuel administration "without warrant or authority of law" in order "to ex tricate itself from its selfcreated dilemma." The senator made it plain that there was no excuse for such a condition to exist as the government on August 10 took over the control of coal with authority to commandeer mines and ample powers to meet any emergency. The transatlantic shipping tieup, as far as was due tol ack of bunker coal, also was blamed on the fuel adminis tration by the Missouri senator. His statement asserted that the entire business machinery for bunkering ships, built up by "practical experts, not theorists or dreamers, had been put out of commission or completely subordinated to the fuel administra tion so that it can be fairly said the fuel administration was substituted for the machinery theretofore existing." To add to the confusion the state ment said the prices fixed by the Lane committee were "swept aside by the fuel administration" and this mis take finally was discovered and ad mitted by Dr. Garfield. Senator Reed declared multiplicity of priority or ders resulted in tieing up thousands of freight cars and in creating em bargoes in many of the great terminal yards of the country. "Obviously," the statement . con cluded, "this great fundamental busi ness ought not to be wrested from experienced hands and taken over by those who, however good their inten tions, are utterly lacking in that knowledge essential to its successful conduct." The statement was taken under consideration today and a report on the finding of the recent inquiry is expected soon. Senator Lodge, whose resolution caused the coal investigation, ,has given notice that he will diseuss the coal situation in the senate tomorrow. LEARN HUMBERT HAD HUN CASH IN BANKS HERE New York, Feb. 23 Further dis closures in the investigation conducted here into the activities in America of Bolo Pasha, under sentence of death in France for treason, were made pub lic today, indicating that Charles Humbert, the French senator who was arrested subsequent to Bolo's convic tion in Paris, had German money amounting to $170,000 on deposit in this country. . This money was placed with J. P. Morgan & Co., here on instructions of Bolo Pasha, who, according to the ecidence, hd it transferred from his own account in the Royal Bank of Canada to Senator Humbert's account with the Morgan firm. GERMANY ISSUES OWN "BLACKLIST" Mexico City, Feb. 26 The Germans here have issued a "blacklist" of their own, which was published re cently in the local Tages Zeitung. Virtually all Entente firms and agents, naturally, are included in this list, but interest centers mostly in the effect the compilation will have on neuti commercial houses that have been in cluded, apparently after careful con- X sideration. The world Is longing for peace,' he said, "but bhe governments of tha enemy countries again are inflaming the passion for war. There are, how ever, other voices to be heard la England; it is to be hoped that these voices will multiply. The world now stands before final decision. Either our enemies will decide to conclude peace they know on what conditions we are ready to begin a discussion or they will continue the insanity by their criminal war of conquest. Our people will hold out further. but the blood of the fallen, the ago nies of the mutilated and the distress and sufferings of peoples will fall om the heads of those who Insistently re fuse to listen to the voice of reason and humanity. "The prospect of peace on the whole eastern front is now wtfhia practical reach. The world, especially the neutral world, is asking whether the gate Is not open to a general peace, but France, England and Italy still it seems, are unwilling to listen to the voice of reason and humanity. "From the beginning e Entente has pursued aims of conq.-st. It Is. fighting for the delivery ot Alsace Lorraine to France. I can add noth ing to what previously has been said there is no Alsace-Lorraine question in the international sense." The operations of the Central powers in the east, the chancellor said, Tvero carried out wijf the sole aim of se curing peace 6th Ukraine. He sa'tt: "Our war aifxs from the beginning were defense of the fatherland, sialn tenance of our territorial integrity ' and freedom of our economic devel opment," said the chanceJJor "Our warfare, even where it must be ag gressive in acUon, is defensive in aim. I lay special stress on that Just now in order that no misunderstanding may arise in regard to our operations in the east. Their sole aim is to se cure the fruits of our peace with the Ukraine." London dispatches say Chancellor Von Hertling's refej ence to a state ment by Walter Rknciman, former president of the board of trade, con cerned remarks made by Mr. Runci man in a speech in the house of com mons on Feb. 13. Mr. Rnndman said the greatest contribution that could be made to the peace of the world would be that the representatives of opinion in the belligerent countries draw together and exchange views. Concerning Mr. Runcimair's state ment, the chancellor said: - "I can only agree with Mr. Eunci man if he meant we should be much . nearer peace if proper responi-fble re- i presentatives of the belligerent pow er would meet in conclave for discus sion. That would be a way to remove i all intentional and unintentional mis understandings and bring about an agreement on many individual ques- tions. I am thinking especially in this connection of Belgium. Signing of a Russo-German peace ; will not be the final solution of the German problems on her eastern fron tier and the final settlement will come when the peoples of Courland, Es thonia, Livonia and Poland take mat tors into their own hands, according to M. Kameneff, one of the Bolshevik delegates to the Brest-Litovk nego tiations, in an interview in the Londoji Daily News. M. Kameneff has arrived In London after a three weeks journey from Petrograd. He is on his way to Paris as Bolshevik plenipotentiary to France. With the handing over of the land and factories to the peasants and workers, M. Kameneff said, they had begun to realize, as they could not un der the old regime, that a German invasion of Russia would injure their vital interests. Consequently the con sciousness of the necessity of defend ing the country was growing among the Russians. ', German occupation of PetrogradjM. Kameneff added, would not be enough to restore the "monarchy. Any attempt at restoration would entail fighting in every town and village for the peas ants and workers were well aware that restoration would involve the loss of their land ahd political rights. The four bases of a just peace, an nounced by President Wilson recently, and referred to by Hertling as Ms own sentiments with a qualification follow: These are the four principles set forth by President Wilson in his ad dress to Congress on Feb. 21: First, that each part of the final settlement must be based upon the essential Justice of that particular case and upon such adjustments as are most likely to bring a peace that will be permanent; Second, that peoples and provinces are not to be bartered about from eoverefeiJ-'y to sovereignty as if they were mere chattels and pawns In a game, even the great game, now for ever discredited, of the balance ot power; but that Third, every territorial settlement involved in the war must be made ia the. interest and for the benefit of the populations concerned and not as a part of any mere adjustment or com- promise or i 3t rtval states; and i Fourth, that all well defined na tional aspirations shall be accorded the utmost satisfaction that can be accorded them without introducing new or perpetuating old elements of discord and antagonism that would be likely in time to break the peace of Europe and consequently the world. The AVar Department received an additional list of sixteen Identified dead from the Tuscania.