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Republican farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1810-1920, March 01, 1918, Image 7

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With the American Army in France, Monday, Feb. 25 (By
he Associated Press) Details of the Franco-American raid in
Ihe Chemin des Dames on Saturday show that 26 picked Ameri
can soldiers participated after every member of the battalion
had volunteered.
The Americans moved forward eagerly to the attack be
hind a barrage fire, the first time this has been done by our
troops. Some Americans made captures and others chased
Prussians through trenches.
Rehearsals for the raid were held '
the day before. The barrage fire be
g.m at 5:30 o'clock in the morning
and continued until 6:35.
The Americans among the 100 in
the attacking party were surprised at
the precision with which the French
shells fell and went a little faster
' than they should have done and were
within SO yards of the dropping shells
when they reached the enemy lines.
Relief had Just been completed in
the German trenches and officers were
making the rounds. The Germans took
shelter in a dugout roofed with rails
and sand bags. A French shell made
a direct hit and the enemy scattered
rbout the trench. At the same nio-
' mcnt the Americans and French jump
ed in. '
There was some " p.nd to hand fight
ing but the entire enemy party at this
point was captured. The raiders
forced the enemy out of other shelters
and communicating trenches.
The raiders and prisoners started
back across No Man's Land on sched
ule time, but were caught in a Ger
man counter barrage. One enerty
shell wounded five Germans and six
Frenchmen, but no Americans. The
prisoners were from 16 to 40 years of
age. All apparently were under-nourished.
Ti:e artillery contest in the Ameri
can sector northwest of Toul grows
more intense daily. The Germans
fired a hundred or more shells during
tho last jS4 hours and late this evening
began to bombard violently some of
our batteries with ras and high ex
plosive shells.
The American artillery has replied
constantly, idioing most effective work
against the enemy front line trenches,
his 'battery positions and wire entan
glements. Numerous enemy working
parties also were shelled. Beyond ob
servation by balloons there has been
no aerial activity because of the low
clouds and rain.
American machine guns last night
and tills morning fired many thou
sand rounds in. the rear of the Ger
man positions where marked move
ment of men and material progresses.
The enemy tried unsuccessfully to
hinder the American patrol work by
hurling new and powerful flares Into
the American wire entanglements.
Washington, Feb. 2-S. Gorman Chan
cellor von Hertlinrfr's speech to the
fMchstag was carefully studied today
by President Wilson and state de
partment officials without any official
indication of how it was regarded or
that It would be a (basis for a further
step In the president's custom of dis
cussing the subject of peace in the
open before congress. Intimations
that the president would make it the
occasion ffcr another addtress imme
diately found no official support.
Other officials who- read the chan
cellor's address closely thought it
(served to emphasize a point made by
President Wilson in one of his earlier
addresses dealing with the peace aims
of the powers, that while the Central
powers appeared to accept the general
broad altruistic principles for which
the Entente allies andi America were
contending, when it came to the ar
rangement of details the Central pow
ers appeared reluctant to apply these
An Atlantic Port, Feb. 25 Maj.
Gen. Adelbert Cronkhite, commandant
of Camp Lee, Petersburg, Va., who
has been making a tour of observation
of fighting condition in France, Lieut.
Col. C. E. Kilbourne, who has been
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood's aide and
was partly blinded in an explosion, - O.
C. Hayne of Pittsburgh, and M. Dunn
of Philadelphia who have been serv
ing with the American Red Cross on
the Italian front, were among the
passengers aboard a French steamer
which arrived here today.
"AH that we need is some more men
just like tbem," said Maj. Gen. Cronk
feite, in commenting on the splendid
ondition in which he found the
American soldiers serving overseas.
Hartford, Feb. 25 Cattle Commis
sioner Whittlesey has condemned two
Slandered horses found in New Haven
in a shipment of nine horses from
New York. The horses were found
in a livery stable in New Haven and
are' now under quarantine.
Kew York, Feb. 26 The British
freight steamer Philadelphia, of 5,128
gross tons, owned by the Leyland
line, has been sunk by a submarine.
She lef' he-e v.-Kh cargo for British
forts on Feb. 11 and was torpedoed
t .out Feb. 21.
-News of the Philadelphian's loss
was received today in marine Insur
ance circles aa confirmed at the
(Sees of the Uytad line.
TTAI ini
Death List Remains at 92,
With 44 Saved.
Survivors Fought Hours
Against Crashing of
c Johns. Nt, Feb. 26. The Red
CToss liner Florizel was slowlv bat
tering to pieces today on the rocks of
road cove, not far from Cape Race.
Meanwhile 44 of the passengers and
crew brought here yesterday by res
cue ships told, of the horror of their
26 hour vigil before heroic Newfound
land fishermen were able to get them
off in small boats.
Search along the coast near where
the Florizel struck on Sunday morn
ing on a voyage from this port to
Halifax and New York was prose
cuted with vigor to recover bodies of
the 92 persons who lost their lives in
the disaster. Reports on Sunday night
told of bodies washed ashore, but af
ter it was found that some of those
on board the vessel were alive all ef
forts were turned toward saving
Most of those who lost their lives
Were swept from places Of safety to
which they sought to cling, within a
few minutes after the Florizel dashed
on the rocks. As the vessel's bow
rose in the crash those who escaped
being trapped below decks and
drowned by the torrents of water that
poured in through companionways,
scrambled forward for refuge. Some
were washed from decks and others
were killed toy bits of wreckage or so
badly injured that they could not
reach the higher vantage points.
John 8. Munn, managing director of
Bowring Brothers, limited, owners o
the Florizel, after seeing his little
daughter swept overboard, made his
way to the bridge deck, where 30 who
escaped from the saloon had gath
ered. For two hours they were safe,
but then a wall of water wrenched
the deck away and a few minutes
later 20 others, clinging to the smoking-room
roof, were similarly en
gulfed. Thirty-two of those who escaped
were huddled in the wireless room
that withstood the storm, and others
maintained a place of refuge in the
forecastle Iby rebuilding a barricade
whenever the waves 'battered in the
door. The only one of those caught
below decks who was saved was John
Kiely of this city, who took refuge in
the upper berth of his state room.
Washington, Feb. 26 E. W. Stev
enson of New York, was the only
American citizen on the lost Red
Cross liner Florizel, according to a
report of the American consul in St.
Johns, N. F., to the state depart
ment. Stevenson's pame is not amon
those reported saved.
Havana, Feb. 26. Julius Messer, a
German mining engineer of Santiago
de Cuba, is under arrest here and in
terned . in the Cabanas fortress,
charged with espionage and propa
ganda among laborers in an effort to
interrupt the handling of the sugar
crop. Messer is said to be an inti
mate friend of George Hildebrant,
German chemist and alleged spy, who
also is a prisoner in Cabanas.
Columbia, S. C, Feb. 26 Twelve
dead and 37 seriously injured was the
toll of yesterday's Southern railway
wreck near here. A coroner's in
quest was under way today with the
object of fixing responsibility for the
Secretary of State Lansing and
former Secretary of State W. J. Bryan
will be called to testify for the de
fense of 31 persons charged with con
spiracy to foment a revolution in
Differences between the House and
Senate on the Webb bill, to permit
American . exporters to . combine on
foreign trade, were straightened out,
and the bill will go to President Wil
son for approval.
W. A. Baker of the International
Bible Students' Association of Brook
lyn, was not permitted to speak at
Grant's Pass, Ore., because he was
not a member of the Red Cross, did
not own thrift stamps or Liberty
bonds, and was not backing the gov
ernment's war program." -
mil mi 10
Administration Senator
Blames Them For
Boldness of Huns.
Denounces Activities of
Von Bernstorff and
His Agents.
Washington, Feb. 26 Sena
tors who participated in the fil
ibuster that resulted in the de
feat of the armed ship bill last
session were assailed by Sena-
tor Swanson of Virginia, an ad
ministration leader, in a speech
today, as having destroyed
"the last chance for peace"
between the United States and
Germany. By this action, he
said, Germany was convinced
that we did not have the cour
age to defend our rights and
that no injury she could inflict
would result in warfare.
"This 'small group of wilful sena
tors' " Senator Swanson declared,
"were responsible for the creation of
this belief in Germany and deserve se
vere condemnation for misrepresent
ing and thwarting at this critical time
the will of the American people. Con
vinced by defeat of the measure for
armed neutrality that the United
States was too craven to fight, hardly
had congress adjourned before Ger
many commenced the enforcement of
extended submarine warfare."
Senator Swanson after reviewing
the causes that led to America's en
trance to the war declared there is
"an insidious and treasonable propa
ganda now conducted in this country
designed to produce dissatisfaction
and patriotic lethargy in order to ob
tain a German made peace."
Engaged in spreading this perni
cious propaganda, he said, is ' a
motley crew composed of fanatics,
German spies and persons corrupted
with German gold and promises, offi
cered by a few Felfish politicians who
foolishly think they see an opportunity
for self -advancement although it may
result in the wrecking of the coun
try." The activities of former German
Ambassador von Bernstorff and other
German agents despite our neutrality
in attempting to cripi .e our indus
tries, instigate plots and to influence
the congress in the interest of the Ger
man empire also were denounced by
Senator Swanson.
Eartford, Feb. 26 Figures on the
amount of government war risk insur
ance taken by men in the service have
been ' procured by the Connecticut
State Council of Defense, which
through its local agencies in all
towns and cities in the state, is con
ducting a campaign among relatives of
soldiers and sailors appealing to them
to urge men in the service to take
advantage of this insurance. With
the extension of time for filing ap
plications to April 12, the campaign
for War Risk Insurance has taken
new lease of life. The total amount
insured to date now exceeds $9,000,-
The Army camps show an especially
good return. Every one of them
has more than 92 per cent, of its men
insured, while five have 99 per cent.
and upwards. From the camps, more
than 1,000,000 applications, repre
senting insurance of over $8,500,000,
have been received by the War Risk
Insurance Bureau in Washington.
Cable reports from France show
that most of the men over there have
applied for insurance. Including this
insurance from overseas and the in
surance at the arsenals, flying schools,
barracks, recruiting depots, and other
military and naval stations, the total
amount of insurance is approximate
ly $9,200,000,000, with an average
policy of $8,177.
There is now active rivalry among
the camps to see which shall first
reach the goal of 100 per cent, in
sured. There is also rivalry among
the camps to see which shall take out
the largest total amount of insurance
and which shall take out the largest
per capita amount. In totals Camp
Logan, Texas, leads with $316,000,-
000. Camp Greene, North Carolina,
is a good second with $313,000,000. In
per canttj ranking. Camp Devens,
Massachusetts, comes first. In per
cent, of men insured Camp Dodge,
Iowa, leads with 99 9-10 per cent.
Camp Devens has taken $246,814,600
of this insurance, its percentage of
men insured being 97.9.
The total amount of government in
surance in force is more than three
times as much as the total ordinary
life insurance in force with any life
insurance company in the world.
The State Council of Defense an
r ounces that full information can be
ol-tained from the Bureau of War
l.;sk Insurance, Washington, D. C.
together with the proper blanks.
Beneficiaries can easily fill out the
blanks themselves and send them di
rectly to the government. The per
son in the service must sign an au
thorization for this, or may apply for
insurance himself directly through his
commanding officer.
Stanlogtoo, Feb. 2S Dr. James
. H, Weeks, local representative
Of the State Council of , Defense,
has had reported to him a case of
(round glass found in chewing
Sun here and has sent samples
of the gum in question to the
Council in Hartford for a more
thorough examination. He has
made a thorough report of his in
vestigations here ar-d awaits fur
tlier instructions from the State
Council of Defense.
When the matter was reported
to him he started an investigation
at once under instructions from
Hartford, getting samples of this
particular make of chewing gum
from all stores in the borough. On
Sunday, Dr. Weeks and Dr. Thur
ber made an examination of one
package and found what was un
doubtedly ground glass.
For the past two months it has
seemed that each time the hens in
the laying contest at Storrs got fairly
under way and just ready to lay a lot
of eggs they have had to face adverse
weather conditions. The sixteenth
week of the competition is a nice ex
ample of the case in point. The hens
laid at a rate of 40 per cent, as com
pared with 34 per cent, for the pre
vious week. The total number of eggs
amounted to 2801 or a gain of more
than 400 over the previous week's
production. Thus all the signs look
good except that the last day of the
contest week brought a below zero
temperature with a drop of nearly 50
degrees in twenty-four hours. Rich
ard Allen's Rhode Island Reds from
Pittsfield, Mass.', were an easy first
for the week with a yield of 51 eggs.
Joseph M. Rothschild's Barred Rocks
from Katonah, N. H., were second on
the list with a production of 45 eggs.
Laurel Hill Farm's White Wyandottes
from Bridgeton, R. I., and A. P. Rob
inson's White Leghorns from Calver
ton, N. Y., tied for third place with
44 eggs each.
Not a few people have been more or
less disturbed by the Food Adminis
tration's ruling that prevents the sale
of live or freshly killed hens or pullets
for meat purposes until after April
30th next. So far as poultrymen are
concerned such ruling was unneces
sary. As. previously pointed out in this
column, everyone of course under
stands that hens will lay relatively
many more eggs during the next few
months than any other time in the
year. To be sure all are aware that
very high feed prices prevail, but
there has likewise been an upward
trend in the egg market. Last week
the eggs from the laying contest sold
at wholesale for 65 cents a dozen as
compared with 50 cents a dozen for
the corresponding week two years
The Storrs Experiment Station has
just published bulletin No. 95, entitled
Factors in Incubation." This is a
pamphlet of about fifty pages and will
be sent gratis to those who are inter
ested in hatching. All the latest ideas
in incubation are incorporated in this
newest bulletin on the subject.
Barred Plymouth Rocks
Jules F. Francais,
West Hampton Beach, L. I.
Rock Rose Farm,
Katonah, N. Y.
Tom J. Adamson,
Laurel P. O. Quebec, Can.
Joseph M. Rothschild,
Katonah, N. Y.
White Wyandottes
Obed G. Knight,:
Bridgeton, R. I .
Brayman Farm,
Westville, N. H.
Frank Dubois,
East Lynn, Mass.
Rhode Island Reds
Richard Allen,
Pittsfield, Mass.
Pinecrest Orchards,
Groton, Mass.
Chas. H. Lane, :
Southboro, Mass.
White Leghorns
J. O. LeFevre,
New Paltz, N. Y.
Braeside Poultry Farm,
Stroudsburg, Pa-
Hollywood Farm,
Hollywood, Wash.
Cook & Porter, (Buff Wyandottes)
Easthampton, Mass. 490
Ore. Agricultural College (Oregons)
Corvallis, Ore. 488
H. P. Cloyes (Buff Wyandottes)
East Hartford, Conn. 412
Peking, Wednesday, Feb. 20 Gen.
Feng Yus Hiang, in command of 10,-
000 northern troops, has rebelled
against a recenUmandate of President
Feng Kwo Chang urging the general,
who is a northerner, to attack the
southern rebels. Gen. Feng is said to
have established himself near Kui
kiang on the border of the provinces
of Hepeh and Hunan, and is givin;
help to the southerners.
The capture of Ichang, a strategical
position on the Tangtse Kiang, by the
southerners, is confirmed officially.
Christiana, Feb. 25. Fresh discov
eries of bombs of German origin have
been found in Norway. A. large store
of bombs intended to blow up ships
carrying iron ore to England was un
covered a few days ago at Kirkenes,
a seaport. Nine large bombs and a
number of smaller engines of des
truction were located at Findelin in
a room formerly occupied by alleged
accomplices of Baron Reutenfels,
whose operations were extensively
aierd several months ago.
Amsterdam, Eeb. 25 Karl Wilke,
a 17-year-old "schoolboy who burglar
ized the German emperor's castle at
Wilhelmshohe last November, has
been sentenced to nine months' im
prisonment by the German courts. At
the trial he stated that he needed
money to pay a $50 restaurant bill in
curred in celebrating bis birthday. He
thereupon committed seven successive
burglaries at the imperial castle, ob
taining art objects and other valua
bles worth $25,000, which he' took
from the private apartments of the
emoeror and emnress. The whole lot
was sold to an antique dealer for $6
Beri Beri"and Scurvy Rake
Hun Prison Ship Long
in Hiding.
Copenhagen, Feb. 26 The
Spanish steamer Igotz Mendi, with
a German prize crew from the
Pacific ocean on board, is ashore
near the Skaw lighthouse. Two
of the prisoners aboard are Amer
icans. The prisoners on the Igotz Men
di were taken from six ships that
had been sunk. Several of the
prisoners had been aboard, the
vessel for eight months white she
cruised in the Pacific ocean. -
Twenty-two persons, including
nine women, two children and
two Americans, have been landed
by a lifeboat from the Skaw.
The Danish authorities have
interned the German commander.
The German prize crew refused
to leave the ship.
There has been an epidemic of
beri beri and scurvy on board the
Tho Igotz Mendl was captured
by the German auxiliary cruiser
Wolf nine months ago in the
gulf of India. The German navi
gators who "were placed aboard
had been following the Wolf ever
since. '
Recommends That Towns
Give Up Spending Money
' For Improvements.
Dr. C. C. Godfrey Explains
Plans for State Charities
Hartford, Feb. 26.-Oontrol of the
time and plan for collecting all char
itable andi philanthropic funds in the
various communities of the state by
local agencies of the Connecticut
State Council of Defense should re
sult from action taken by the council
at its weekly meeting yesterday at the
state capitol. This action was taken
in an effort to avoid conflict in the
time and plan of solicitation for wor
thy causes.
The council members discussed the
numerous appeals for funds for many
causes in all parts of the state. It
was pointed out that these campaigns
frequently conflict in date, a condi
tion detrimental to both of the con
flicting causes. To avoid this situa
tion, the State Council voted that its
local agencies be instructed bv the
chairman "to control during the pres
ent emergency, the time and plan for
collecting funds bv public aPDeal for
all local charitable amdl philanthropic
work in their several communities.
Bryan F. Mahan of New London, a
member of the New London War Bu
reau, made an informal report to the
council on the need of relief in hous
ing conditions in that city. Hie will
make a formal report at the meeting'
next week. The problem will be
taken up by the council with the
Housing Committee of the United
States Department of Labor.
George L. Warren, secretary of the
Connecticut Conference of Charities
and Correction, appeared befiore the
council to explain the plans for the
state conference to be held April 21,
22, and 23, 1918, in New Britain. Ap
proval of the conference plans was
voted by the council at Mr. Warren's
request, and a special committee was
appointed to confer with the officers
of -the conference concerning all pos
sible co-operartion. The committee
members are: Dr. D. Chester Brown,
Dr. C. C. Godfrey and Miss Margarei
T. Corwin.
The Committee on Woman's Activi
ties ireported that patriotic food ex
hibits had been held in eight counties,
with 22 additional exhibits arranged
and tentative plans for 11 others.
The State Defense Council also vot
ed "that the Council of Defense rec
ommends to all towns, cities, boroughs
and districts in Connecticut that they
do not engage in public improvements
that are not absolutely essential to
the general welfare," for the period
of the war. The vote was passed as
the result of an inquiry from the
board of finance of West Hartford,
asking for the advice of the Council
on the construction o'f macadam on
residential streets, not trunk line
highway. C. J. Bennett, state high
way commissioner and chairman of
the Council's transportation commit
tee, 'reported to the Council that the
policy of the state highway depart
ment is to confine its work to main
thoroughfares, refraining from work
on side roads, for the period of tho
The Council heard a report from
George M. Landers, chairman of its
committee on food supply and con
servation, outlining plans for the use
of boy labor on farms this year, talk
ing of the success of the Litchfield
County farm survey covering more
than 3,500 farms. Just completed, and
giving details concerning other work
of this sub-committee. Decisions will
be made next week on the proposition
of similar surveys in the other seven
counties in Connecticut.
Norwich, Feb. 25 Walter P. Mor
an, reported severely wounded in ac
tion by Gen. Pershing on Saturday,
was the first to be drawn in Norwich
for the selective draft, the first to be
examined, the first to be sent to
Camp Devens, the first to be sent
abroad, and the first Norwich boy to
be wounded. He is the son of John
5.1a. Moran, a real estate dealer.
Amsterdam, Feb. -26 The Central powers' intend to givft
self-government to the provinces of Gourland. and Lithuania,
Imperial Chancellor von Hertling declared in his address to the
reichstag yesterday.
The Chancellor said the Central powers had freed Poland
with the intention of calling an independent state into existence.
The constitutional problem involved still was being discussed
in its narrower sense, he said, by the three countries.
Washington, Feb. 26 Responsibil
ity for the coal shortage was placed
squarely on the fuel administration
by Senator Reed of Missouri today
In a "statement of facts" submitted
to the senate sub-committee on man
ufacturers as a basis for a report of
its recent investigation of the fuel
situation. Senator Reed's statement
was not the report of the sub-committee,
which investigated the food
and fuel administrations, btrt a state
ment of his individual conclusions on
the facts.
"The chaos now existing in the coal
business," the statement said, "must
give place to stability or we will in
the near future be confronted by a
coal shortage of the most disastrous
For this reason. Senator Reed said,
there should be an immediate an
nouncement of prices and contracts
which would be allowed to succeed
present coal contracts, of which vir
tually all terminate on April 1.
The statement also advocated the
announcement of a fixed time in
Which the business world may safely
adjust itself to the new contracts and
"It is plain that the prices allowed
to be charged must be reasonably
remunerative. If this is denied, the
maximum of production cannot be
Senator Reed declared the recen
fuel order closing industries east of
the Mississippi river was issued by the
fuel administration "without warrant
or authority of law" in order "to ex
tricate itself from its selfcreated
dilemma." The senator made it plain
that there was no excuse for such a
condition to exist as the government
on August 10 took over the control
of coal with authority to commandeer
mines and ample powers to meet any
The transatlantic shipping tieup, as
far as was due tol ack of bunker coal,
also was blamed on the fuel adminis
tration by the Missouri senator. His
statement asserted that the entire
business machinery for bunkering
ships, built up by "practical experts,
not theorists or dreamers, had been
put out of commission or completely
subordinated to the fuel administra
tion so that it can be fairly said the
fuel administration was substituted for
the machinery theretofore existing."
To add to the confusion the state
ment said the prices fixed by the Lane
committee were "swept aside by the
fuel administration" and this mis
take finally was discovered and ad
mitted by Dr. Garfield. Senator Reed
declared multiplicity of priority or
ders resulted in tieing up thousands
of freight cars and in creating em
bargoes in many of the great terminal
yards of the country.
"Obviously," the statement . con
cluded, "this great fundamental busi
ness ought not to be wrested from
experienced hands and taken over by
those who, however good their inten
tions, are utterly lacking in that
knowledge essential to its successful
The statement was taken under
consideration today and a report on
the finding of the recent inquiry is
expected soon.
Senator Lodge, whose resolution
caused the coal investigation, ,has
given notice that he will diseuss the
coal situation in the senate tomorrow.
New York, Feb. 23 Further dis
closures in the investigation conducted
here into the activities in America of
Bolo Pasha, under sentence of death
in France for treason, were made pub
lic today, indicating that Charles
Humbert, the French senator who was
arrested subsequent to Bolo's convic
tion in Paris, had German money
amounting to $170,000 on deposit in
this country.
. This money was placed with J. P.
Morgan & Co., here on instructions of
Bolo Pasha, who, according to the
ecidence, hd it transferred from his
own account in the Royal Bank of
Canada to Senator Humbert's account
with the Morgan firm.
Mexico City, Feb. 26 The Germans
here have issued a "blacklist" of
their own, which was published re
cently in the local Tages Zeitung.
Virtually all Entente firms and agents,
naturally, are included in this list, but
interest centers mostly in the effect
the compilation will have on neuti
commercial houses that have been in
cluded, apparently after careful con-
X sideration.
The world Is longing for peace,'
he said, "but bhe governments of tha
enemy countries again are inflaming
the passion for war. There are, how
ever, other voices to be heard la
England; it is to be hoped that these
voices will multiply.
The world now stands before
final decision. Either our enemies
will decide to conclude peace they
know on what conditions we are
ready to begin a discussion or they
will continue the insanity by their
criminal war of conquest.
Our people will hold out further.
but the blood of the fallen, the ago
nies of the mutilated and the distress
and sufferings of peoples will fall om
the heads of those who Insistently re
fuse to listen to the voice of reason
and humanity.
"The prospect of peace on the
whole eastern front is now wtfhia
practical reach. The world, especially
the neutral world, is asking whether
the gate Is not open to a general peace,
but France, England and Italy still
it seems, are unwilling to listen to the
voice of reason and humanity.
"From the beginning e Entente
has pursued aims of conq.-st. It Is.
fighting for the delivery ot Alsace
Lorraine to France. I can add noth
ing to what previously has been said
there is no Alsace-Lorraine question
in the international sense."
The operations of the Central powers
in the east, the chancellor said, Tvero
carried out wijf the sole aim of se
curing peace 6th Ukraine. He sa'tt:
"Our war aifxs from the beginning
were defense of the fatherland, sialn
tenance of our territorial integrity '
and freedom of our economic devel
opment," said the chanceJJor "Our
warfare, even where it must be ag
gressive in acUon, is defensive in aim.
I lay special stress on that Just now
in order that no misunderstanding
may arise in regard to our operations
in the east. Their sole aim is to se
cure the fruits of our peace with the
London dispatches say Chancellor
Von Hertling's refej ence to a state
ment by Walter Rknciman, former
president of the board of trade, con
cerned remarks made by Mr. Runci
man in a speech in the house of com
mons on Feb. 13. Mr. Rnndman said
the greatest contribution that could
be made to the peace of the world
would be that the representatives of
opinion in the belligerent countries
draw together and exchange views.
Concerning Mr. Runcimair's state
ment, the chancellor said: -
"I can only agree with Mr. Eunci
man if he meant we should be much .
nearer peace if proper responi-fble re- i
presentatives of the belligerent pow
er would meet in conclave for discus
sion. That would be a way to remove i
all intentional and unintentional mis
understandings and bring about an
agreement on many individual ques-
tions. I am thinking especially in
this connection of Belgium.
Signing of a Russo-German peace ;
will not be the final solution of the
German problems on her eastern fron
tier and the final settlement will come
when the peoples of Courland, Es
thonia, Livonia and Poland take mat
tors into their own hands, according
to M. Kameneff, one of the Bolshevik
delegates to the Brest-Litovk nego
tiations, in an interview in the Londoji
Daily News. M. Kameneff has arrived
In London after a three weeks journey
from Petrograd. He is on his way
to Paris as Bolshevik plenipotentiary
to France.
With the handing over of the land
and factories to the peasants and
workers, M. Kameneff said, they had
begun to realize, as they could not un
der the old regime, that a German
invasion of Russia would injure their
vital interests. Consequently the con
sciousness of the necessity of defend
ing the country was growing among
the Russians. ',
German occupation of PetrogradjM.
Kameneff added, would not be enough
to restore the "monarchy. Any attempt
at restoration would entail fighting in
every town and village for the peas
ants and workers were well aware
that restoration would involve the loss
of their land ahd political rights.
The four bases of a just peace, an
nounced by President Wilson recently,
and referred to by Hertling as Ms own
sentiments with a qualification follow:
These are the four principles set
forth by President Wilson in his ad
dress to Congress on Feb. 21:
First, that each part of the final
settlement must be based upon the
essential Justice of that particular
case and upon such adjustments as are
most likely to bring a peace that will
be permanent;
Second, that peoples and provinces
are not to be bartered about from
eoverefeiJ-'y to sovereignty as if they
were mere chattels and pawns In a
game, even the great game, now for
ever discredited, of the balance ot
power; but that
Third, every territorial settlement
involved in the war must be made ia
the. interest and for the benefit of the
populations concerned and not as a
part of any mere adjustment or com-
promise or i 3t rtval states;
and i
Fourth, that all well defined na
tional aspirations shall be accorded
the utmost satisfaction that can be
accorded them without introducing
new or perpetuating old elements of
discord and antagonism that would
be likely in time to break the peace
of Europe and consequently the world.
The AVar Department received an
additional list of sixteen Identified
dead from the Tuscania.

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