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THE FARMER: MARCH 8, 1918
1 bvl u bvi "..3 INVADERS PUSH TOWARD LUGA FROM PSKOV AND UPON SEBEZH BRITISH AND FRENCH EMBASSIES QUIT DANGER ZONE PRO CLAMATION ORDERS FOOD RUSHED. LATE WAR Berlin, March 1, via London German troops, con tinuing their advance in Russia, have reached the Dnieper river, the war office announces, Austro-Hun-garian troops have begun an advance into Ukraine, The movement of . Austro-Hungarian troops, the statement says, was begun in response to an appeal from Ukraine. The German advance to the Dnieper was made through northern Ukraine. The Germans also have reached the line Kiev-Shmerinka, near Fastoff and Kasatin. London, March 1 Dispatches received by the Exchange Telograph Co., filed in Petrograd at 6 o'clock last night, indicate thsa the German advance into Russia has been resumed. A forward movement by the hfivnnd Polotzk. midwav between in these advices, the Germans thft railroad had been blown up their way destroyed. German troops also are reported to tie moving slowly toward Luga from Pskov, at which place they are said to' have concentrated a division of Infantry supported by cavalry and heavy and light artillery. The-Germana likewise are declared to be moving on Sebezh, 80 miles northeast of Dvinsk. The Russian council of people's commissioners has decided to return to Petrograd, says an official Russian statement received here today. The removal of elements of the population valueless in the defense of the capi tal is continued, however. Russian wireless message gives the test of another proclamation to all Knaslana, appealing for the utmost resistance to the Germans and order ing the food producing provinces im mediately to send as much food as I possible to Petrograd and Moscow. The appeal says: "The capital of the revolution 'will have to resist a long siege, but it will not capitulate until the last moment. To this end it needs the utmost as sistance in regard to food. Tou must not permit the starvation of revolu tionary Petrograd." The BritiBh and French embassies nave Vsft Petrograd, says a telegram from the Russian official news agency Petrograd. Te-v4ee came by cable from EO- gar G. SisBon-thecommittee's repre sentative 4n the Russian capital. Representatives of theinformation committee, it was said todny.wiIl re main In Petrograd for the present to carry on the educational and infor mational work with which they are charged. Last reports show the cir culation of the president's address of Jan. 8 virtually is completed through out Russia. The total, it is said, is more than 4,000,000 copies, including separate printing and distribution at Tiflis, Vladivostok, Odessa, Rostov, Omsk and, Chita, but not including 1,500,000 newspaper articles and an (Incalculable amount of part printing nd editorial comment -which auto troattcany followed. In addition, it was said, 1,800,000 messages printed in German weni through the northern lines of the German army. About 200,000 were leuccessfully worked through the leouthern and central fronts. The committee also said that Ger- man and Austrian prisoners in Rus sia were provided with copies of the dress. GIVE PRESIDENT i POWER TO SEIZE NEEDED LUMBER f Washington, March 1 President hvllsbn would be empowered to com pnndeer timber or lumber needed for bthe army, navy or shipping board, pwnder a bill ordered favorably report ed today by the senate military com- Hnltlee. SUBMARINES DON'T .. BOTHER U. S. SHIPS ON WAY TO NORWAY Christian! a. M'arcllf-?Vessels sail- Ling between- America and . Norway 1 outside the danger zone and not ntouctung British ports lately have not I .been attacked by Germans probably rmore In their own interests than for jany special love of Norway. Germany ' for a long while has not been able to end food to Norway and as far as known has not promised to do so even ;lf Norway refused to accept Ameri- can conditions for food export to this tcountry. , German vessels sailing to Norway - .must now have provisions, oil, and kerosene for the whole round- trip And wiU only in exceptional cases be Lailowed to get small quantities of ' Norwegian products. Some great Norwegian factories , (producing articles for export to Ger Ltnany are run by German coal, oil I and kerosene as are Ashing vessels ! obtaining- fish for- export to Germany. Norway at present receives from rGennany eteel and iron for construe 4!on and Is absolutely dependent on SUfmnany for the import of potassium compound kainite which Is used ex- lflnrTi'lT ior leruuxing. , ftsBpooBlbinty for the rear-end coi rhrion on the LouisviBe .& Naafcville aat Bbephecdsvllle, W, pba. employes. was placed- on DONG LIS DISPATCH. invaders of some 35 miles Minsk and Vitebsk, is reported pushing on despite the fact that and the stores of provisions in FRENGHPEASANTS LOSE HEAVILY BY RUSS COLLAPSE Paris, March 1 The repudiation by the Bolshevik government of Rus sia's entire bonded debt caused some anxiety among French people who held at least half of the debt of the empire outstanding at the beginning of the war. Eighteen billion of francs of Rus sian bonds, at the price of issue, were listed on the Paris Bourse. Twelve billions according to the lowest estl mates and 15 billions according to other calculations, were bought by the French public. Servants in White aprons, bare headed market women, domestics of all categories and men in the blouses of the peasant and the laborer made up the long lines of investors in front of the wickets whenever Russian loans were offered for sale. "I lhaven't a sou invested in Rus sia," a millionaire Parisian said to the Associated Press, "but every one of my servants has one or more Rus sian bonds. Another millionaire, said the same was true of his household. "Instead of hitting the counting house and the salon, the Bolshevikl are hitting the servants' hall and the backstairs," was the way he put the situation. There is no little apprehension in socialist circles as to the effect of this heavy blow the extreme revolutionary element in Russia has delivered at the extreme liberal element in France. A peasant or workingman who may overlook or disbelieve news of Bolshevik excesses or misconstrue their effect will be unable to doubt the evidence of his own despoilment. Until now the holders of Russian bonds have been reassured by the payment of the January coupons Which the French treasury assumed. It doesn't appear yet, however, whether the French government will assume the burden indefinitely and if the bankruptcy of the revolution Is allowed to become effective, the greater number of the smaller in vestors who have been financing the Russian empire since 1888 will be ruined. A contrast ts drawn here between the action of .the Bolshesdki and that of the French revolution. The Max imalists pretend that the money loan ed to Russia was used to buy arms to keep the people in subjection. This was tried to a far greater extent of the money borrowed by the French mon archy prior to 1789, yet the conven tion made it a point of honor to take those debts to the account of the re public The claims that money furnished by France brdught no benefit to the people of Russia is also contested. It is" possible to trace the money through the official list of the loans floated in Paris and-it is found, that more than three-fourths of the capital repre sented was employed to buy rail roads to build them, or to develop Industry and agriculture. Russia had improved only about third of her land at the beginning of the war and the question is asked how the' peasants .to whom the unim proved land is turned over will find means of improving it if Russian credit Is forever destroyed by the re pudiation of her debts. VETERANS TO HAVE SPECIAL SERVICE Washington, (Maxell 1. Director- General McAdoo has decided that the Confenlorate Veterans shall have spe cial rates and no interference of transportation to their, reunion this summer in Tulsa, Okte, and that the Grand Army of the Republic shall -have the same for Its meeting in Port land, Ore. DEMURRAGE RATES MAY BE DECREASED Washington, March 1. The Inter state Commerce Commission was asked today for rate increases on au tomobiles, boots and shoes, leather, machinery, paper and miscellaneous manufacturers from New England points to Pacific ports for trans-Pacific export. The commission also ooVaA n atnn11a)i 1n(ifAJtHl tor-- min&l charges for demurrage on such I trade at racinc coast porta. - INCOME TAX EXPLAINED Washington. D. C. March 1 John M. Goldbonds the name is fictional but there are quite a few John Ms. in the United States this year win pay an income tax of $1,80J,180. John M's income for 1917 was 4,uuu,- 000.: John D. Smithkins fllso fictional will Day $10. Smithkins income io. 1917 was S2.500. I.otn are mar ried. This is an illustration of the opera tion of the income tax provisions of the War Revenue Act of October 3, 1917, and the act of September s, 1916, which preceded it and which remains in force. The normal rate of tax under the act of 1917 is 2 per cent, on the net income of unmarried persons in ex cess of $1,000 and on the net income of married persons in excess of $2,000. Under the 1916 act the normal rate is 2 per cent on the net income of un married persons in excess of $3,000 and on the net income of married persons in excess of $4,000. An ex tra levy or surtax ranging from 1 per cent, on incomes between $5,000 and $7,500 to 50 per cent, on incomes in excess of $1,000,000 is imposed by the act of 1917. The act of 1916, in addition to the normal tax, imposes a surtax ranging from 1 per cent, on Incomes between $20,000 and $40,0U0 to 13 per cent, on incomes in excess of $2,000,000. John M. will pay 2 per cent, on his Income in excess of $2,000, 2 per cent, on his income in excess of $4,000, 5 per cent, on his income in excess of $1,000,000 and 13 per cent, on his income in excess of $2,000,000. Smithkins will pay 2 per cent, on his income in excess of $2,000. The income tax, as thus shown, ia no longer a rich man's tax but a levy so graduated that every person ia assessed according to his income. Last year 500,000 persons paid an in come tax. This year the number will be more than 6,000,000. The estimated revenue to be collect ed under the War Revenue Act oi 1917 is $2,500,000,000, of which $660,000,000 is in individual income taxes. Every unmarried person who made $20 a week or more and every married person who made $4 0a week or more is assessed. Returns are re quired of unmarried persons whose net income for the calender year 1917 was $1,000 or more and of married persons whose net income was $2,000 or more. The Commissioner of Internal Rev enue, with the approval of the Sec retatry of the Treasury, has extended the time for filing returns from March 1 to April 1, 1918. This affords the taxpayers ample opportunity, but to delay until April 2 renders the delm quent subject to a fine of not less than $20 nor more than $1,000 and an additional assessment of 50 per cent, of the amount of tax due. Blank forms may be obtained from collectors of internal revenue or from revenue officers who are visiting ev ery county in the United States to as sist officers in making out their re turns. The services of these experts are offered without cost. The loca tion of their offices may be obtained on inquiry from collectors, banks or nostmasters. The return must be filed with the collectdr of internal revenue of tho district in which the taxpayer lives or has his place of bus iness. Payment must be made on or be fore June 15, 1918. The penalty for failing to pay tax when due is an assessment of 6 per cent, of the amount unpaid, plus interest at the rate of 1 per cent, a month during which it remains unpaid. For making a false or fraudulent return the pen alty is a fine not exceeding $2,000 or not exceeding one year's imprison ment, or both in the discretion of the court and, in addition, 100 per cent. of the tax evaded. The man who thinks to evade the income tax is storing up for himself trial and tribulation. The govern ment has numerous ways of checking up delinquents. One is through the information at source" provision of the act of 1917, which requires every employer to file with the Commission er of Internal Revenue a report of payments of $800 or more paid to each employe during the calender year 1917. It is estimated that the number of such reports filed will be 20,000,000. The Bureau of Internal Revenue, through various agencies, has endeav ored to inform taxpayers everywhere of the requirements of the income tax laws. Ignorance of the law cannot be accepted as an excuse. To the "tax dodger" who deliberately seeks to evade his just share of the war burden no consideration will be giv en. Fortunately for the self-respect of the American Nation, the Bureau is anticipating few such cases. The Bureau has ample and conclusive proof that these taxes for the support of the war will be paid cheerfully and willingly by the great majority of the people. To do less is to confess a lack of that spirit of patriotism which has made this an enduring re public. Dollars mean victory. Whether you are a Goldbonds or a bmithkms, re member that in paying your income tax you are helping to crush forever the fear of German dominion and to confer upon the world the boon of a lasting peace. WIFE OF HARTFORD RECTOR SUCCUMBS Harttord, March 1. Mrs. George T. Iinsley, wife of the rector of the Church of the Good Shepherd in this city, died today after a long sickness. She was of colonial ancestry, de scended from the Rev. Charles Chaun- cey, second president of Harvard col lege, and from Commodore Isaac Chauncey, famous In tho war of 1812. She was chaplain of ithe Connecticut branch of the Daughters of 1812. Be fore coming to Hartford in 1902 the family lived in Watertown, this state, where Mr. Linsley was rector of Trin ity church. REPORTER KIIXED IN SERVICE. Baltimore, March 1 Edward Cary Eichelberger, 27 years old, a former member of the Baltimore Americon' staff, recently commissioned a gunner lieutenant in the naval aviation corps, has been killed in a seaplane accident in a foreign place. His mother, Mrs. Julia Eichelberger, has "received this 'information from tho government Representative Rainey Praises Accomplish ments of Garfield. HIS CRITICS WILL SEEK TO RETRACT Future Will Show Far sightedness of U. S. Fuel Supervisor. Washington, MarchM The Fuel Administration's recent closing order was defended in I the House today by Represen tative Rainey of Illinois, who declared-that when the "entire story is told there will be mem bers of the House who would be glad to expunge from the record, if they could, speeches they made immediately after the coal order's promulgation." The Illinois representative asserted that too much already had been dis closed regarding military movements. Not only was coal shipment falling off by the middle of January, he as serted, but shipment of steel plate and steel bars needed for the great new fleet the United States is building had fallen oft 50 per cent. More alarm ing still, he added, was the falling off in shipment of projectile steel, needed for munition manufacture. This had fallen off by the middle of January 45 per cent. He said the relief brought about by the heatless Monday order was im mediately apparent and as a result 480 ships have been loaded and coaled since Jan. 17. Forty of them, he said. were loaded with food, 71 with coal, oil and gasoline, and 369 with muni tions, and nearly -every one of them has safely reached its destination, and the supplies are being distributed to the armies in France. Steel move ments now, he said, have become nor mal. Despite unprecedented increase in coal production there still is a short age of 50,000,000 tons, the represent ative said, which must be met by im mediately building more coal care and more engines and by conserving coal. Mr. Rainey said Dr. Garfield is blaz ing his own trail and that the fuel administration haici perfected an or ganization ' to save 12,000.000 tons of coal annually in homes, 40,000,000 tons locomotive and stationary steam plant, and 6,000,000 more by an in crease of 10',000,000 cords of wood used, ,500,000 tons by consolidating public utility plants and using natural ice instead of artificial, 500,000 by elim inating unnecessary advertising signs and out of door lighting, 1,000,000 by the proposed daylight saving bill. 1,000,000 by natural reduction of build ing material, 1,500,000 by trolley cars stopping every other block, and 70, 000,000 by other plans now being de veloped!. The speaker deprecated what he said was "the impression created by the speeches here and by partisan newspapers throughout the country that Dr. Gaff-field is a college presi dent and nothing more." Mr. Rainey said Dr. Garfield is a lawyer of marked ?ibility, that he had organized a mine railroad and one of the great trust companies of the country, the Cleveland) Trust Co., and that no man in the United States better under stood the business of operating coal mines. SHIP SHORTAGE EQUALLING 1,500 VESSELS FOUND Chicaso, March 1. Figures showing an acute shortage of shipping have been compiled by the executive board of the National Patriotic societies as part of a campaign to win public sup port for an extensive program of ship construction. . According to these figures, made public today, the present shortage i3 7,435,894 tons gross almost 1,500 ves sels of 5,000 gross tons each. It is de clared that the total tonnage usable by the United States and its allies today is 4,435,809 gross tons less than it wan in the fall of 1914. Estimates- were that 2,000,000 tons, will be the maximum of building ta be expected from Great Britain fc: 1918, and revised predictions are that the United States may not exceed 3,000,000 tons this year. . 0. ROBBERS ARE SENTENCED Boston, March 1 Four men, ar rested recently in Middleboro after they had robbed the post office in Osterville, pleaded guilty before Judge Alrich in the United States dis trict court yesterday. Three of the number, James Kelley, Patrick Mor iarty and Thomas F. Connors were sentenced to seven years each in the federal penitentiarv in Atlanta, and John F. Murphy was given 3 years in the Greenfield jail. DEVENS SLACKER GOES TO PRISON Ayer, Mass., March 1 John San jean of Cambridge, a prirate in Co. E, SOlst Infantry, charged with feigning sickness and making disrespectful re marks to officers when ordered to per form military duty was given a five year prison sentence by a court mar tial which reported yesterday. 111 TUBES IN BIG CITIES ARE URGED UPON U. S. Washington, March. 1 Government ownership and operation of pneu matic postal tubes in New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Boston, Chi cago and St. Louis as a means of re taining high speed transportation of first class mail was recommended by the joint congressional investigating commission in a report submitted to day to congress. Despite recommendations of Post master General Burleson that the tubes be abandoned except in the most congested district of New Tork the commission by a vote of five to one, favors their purchase at a cost in all six cities, of not more than $4,432,622. Of the committee, Senators Bank- head of Alabama, chairman of the joint committee and the senate post office committee, Hardwick of Geor gia and Weeks of Massachusetts join- ! ed with Representatives Bell of Geor gia and Steenerson of Minnesota in recommending federal acquisition of the tubes, now leased at about $976, 000 a year. Representative Rouse of Kentucky, dissented from the report. The repose-was made so that con gress may decide the question, often the subject of sharp controversy, re garding the tubes, when present leases expire on July 1. Specifically, the ma jority of the commission recommend ed: "1. That pneumatic tubes as now installed for carrying letter mail are necessary for proper postal service and should be continued in the cities of Kew Tork, Brooklyn, Philadelphia. Boston, Chicago and St. Louis, but that extensions are necessary in St. Louis to obtain adequate tube service. '2. That being an exclusive postal facility, the systems should be owned and operated by the government. '3. T4ata cermbinatton of tube and automobile service tends to promote efficient postal service in large cities. '4. That the post ofBoe department should "operate tu.be service with Its own eMployes.j thereby insuring great er co-operation and higher efficiency. "9. That the purchase of the tube systems extend over a period of years in such manner that part payments, together with 4 per cent, interest on unpaid balances, including costs of operation as reported by the commis sion's engineers, shall not exceed the present annual expenditure of $976,000 for tube service. '6. That the purchase price for the systems now in use in the postal ser vice be determined by a reference to the interstate commerce commission which fix a physical valuation for each of the systems in the" cities of New Tork, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago and St. Louis, at a sum not to exceed $4,432,622 for the entire systems. In determining this value said commission shall determine the nature and titles to the proper ties in each of the cities named." Postmaster General Burleson, the report says, believes the pneumatic tube system to expensive to warrant its retention .except in the lower Man hattan district of New Tork. In this the majority of the joint commission said that from three to five . million letters daily are . trans mitted by the tubes at a cost of only $312 a. day and that the first consider ation is to prevent delay in trans porting important first class mail. "Letter mail pays for and warrants the highest grade of postal service," the report said. "Tliere should be no deterioration. The mail truck is a menace to life of persons along the streets and tends to obstruct traffic. To substitute the tubes with automo biles would doubtless effect an econ omy estimated at $114,522 per annum. However, delays in delivery of large quantities of mail would result." OLISH BAN ON NEWS AT FRONT, URGES GENERAL An Atlantic Port, March 1. Major Gen. Peyton March, now chief of staff of the United States army, arrived to day after nine months abroad as chief of artillery of the American expedi tionary force. He win immediately go to Washington. Bescribing the American troops in France as so well trained in modern warfare as to be able to handle them selves "with entire credit to the Unit ed States,"' Gen. March said the cen sorship was "lamentable" and inti mated that he would advocate that the regulations in this respect be made less stringent, so that people in Amer ica might learn as much as possible about the activities of the expedition ary forces. American officers in France cannot understand! the present censorship methods. Gen. March said, adding: 'I know of no gentle method of conducting a war of this magnitude and no army can expect not to have somebody hurt." The American forces ore remarkable for their morale and health, he de clared. "They are .keen about the game. Those on the battle line now, and the reserves, too, are so well trained in modern warfare that they can handle themselves with entire credit to the Unibedl States. I in spected the troops on the line Just be fore I left France, and they are ex traordinarily cheerful and contented, notwithstanding the mud and the Gorman shells. "Their health is splendid. There is no sickness and there is better morale than there was at the Mexl can border where I was stationed be fore going abroad. The spirit of the Americans is splendid and every man is happy. A great many of the men take it as a lark, the majority never before having been outside the United States and some even hot outside their own states. "It is a great advantage to the men that everything is new and interest ing to them; this serves to keep up their spirits." Gen. March was accompanied bj Maj. Gen. S. B. Sturgls and Maj. Gen. F. H. French. Hartford, March 1 At the hearing today on the petljjjon of the Shore Line Electric Railway Co. to sell electricity to the Groton Iron Works, John O. Geary appeared for the bor ough of Groton in opposition to the-j petition. '. STUDYK President Pondering- Si berian Muddle New Message Expected. EXECUTIVE DROPS ALL OTHER PLANS Coming of Ishii Awaited in Washington to Clarify Situation. t Washington, Mar. 1 Japanls proposal for action in Siberia has crowded German Chancel lor von Hertling's speech into second place in the considera tion of officials here, and there were indications todav that de cisions were being formed which soon would show them selves in some arrangement of an international character to prevent the vast stores in Vladivostok and control of the Trans-Siberian railroad from falling into the hands of the ad vancing Germans. The expectation that President Wil son was planning to address congress very soon in reply to Von Hertling's speech was dissipated today by evi dence that the president is making no such plans at t.iis time and probably does not consider it as necessary zo reply to the German chancellor for the present at least. Before the president speaks there doubtless will be an interchange, of views with Lon don and Paris so that if -Mr. Wilson speaks he will express the view of all the co-belligerents as on previous oc casions. Outward indications today were that the president was studying the ques tion of American participation with the Japanese in Siberia to the exclu sion of other subjects; Japan has informed the United States that Americans going to Japan must have their passports vised by a Japanese diplomatic or consular offi cer in this country before leaving. It is a wartime measure which has been adopted by practically all the co-bel ligerents. AMERICAN U HOLD NO FEAR GOLD WEATHER Base of American Flotilla In Eng lish Waters, March 1. (CorresponnJ- ence of The Associated Press.) Ad miral Henry T. Mayo, commander of the Atlantic Fleet, has -cabled to Vice Admiral Sims, in charge of American naval operations in the war zone, a request for information regarding tho suitability of the special winter out fits of clothing furnished to the naval men by the Navy Department at Washington. Admiral Mayo also wants to know of any recommenda tions for changes in these garments. The Associated Press correspondent has yet to hear a word of complaint against the present outfits worn by the men. Thanks to the busy women who knit. Most of the men, early in their arrival here, received excellent sweaters, jerseys and socks which were sent toy wives, relatives and friends back home. When the cold- weather came on these were aug mented by an entirely new issue of extra heavy winter clothing. Many of these garments were designed by the British from their long experience m torpedo boats in the hard winters off this coast Here are some of the things, which when donned, make some of the men look more liko Arctic explorers th:i bluejackets: Helmets of wool which cover all but the eyes, nose and houth; light it knitted coat sweaters, jerseys and cardigan jackets; knitted mittens and gloves; extra heavy coarsa under clothing; heavy woolen socks and knee-length stockings; leather sea boots; wind! proof khaki-colored trous ers; great coats lined with lamb's wool. The last named are worn over the life jackets and help to make up the most serviceable combination worn by Americans over here. They keep the men warm on the damp, cold days with the biting winds when the sleet 6qualls are hourly affairs and "you can't see an inch." Relatives of a large majority of the men ever here continue to send them knitted things All sorts of . knitted garments arrive and are deaply ap preciated. Oftlmes the men receive knitted garments from wifo or sweet heart that aire not very serviceable but accompanying letters from home are so enthusiastic that the men hes itate to utter a word of criticism. Experience has shown that the wo men folks -back home ought to con centrate on socks as they are in the greatest demand! and most appreciat ed of all thingii they send to the sailor 'boys over there. COUNTERFEITER GIVEN 15 YEARS New York, March 1. Art do Pug lisi, notorious Black Hand leader and head of the Ixmd of the counterfeiters that planned to print and circulate $1,000,090 of the spurious $10 federal reserv bank notes, was sentenced to day in the Federal Court to 15 years' imprisonment in the penitentiary in Atlanta. -ua. IRS FOR AlERI CANS 1GED ON MIS Shells of U. S. Soldiers De stroy Germans' Gas Throwing Apparatus. With the American Army in France, Thursday, Feb. 28. (By the Associated Press) Swift re tribution has fallen on the Ger mans batteries which this week bombarded the American trenches northwest of Toul with gas shells. American heavy artillery con centrated its fire on the German Minenwerfer batteries for half an hour today and obliterated the po sition. So far six men have died frma the effects of the German gas shells. More than 80 are in bos- -pitals suffering from gas poison in;;. Most of these cases, how ever, are slight and only one man is reported to be in a grave con dition. Aeroplane photographs aided the American gunners hi their destructive fire against the German batteries. Iiate today the Germans at tempted to retaliate for the de struction of the Minenwerfer bat teries. They bombarded the American heavy artillery with their biggest guns, but with Utile effect. American patrols wflre all over No Man's I-rand last night but did not encounter any Germans. Tlie American sector now is an ocean of mud and constant work is necessary to keep the trenches, gun pits and dugouts free from water. UNKER GOAL SHIPS UNDER REIGN FLAGS No ship built in this country for other nation and made ready for, launching since February 1, unless she flies the American flag, will be able to get her bunkers filled, accord ing to information received by Col lector of Port James L. McGovern this morning. This ruling will apply to ships built in this country for neu tral countries and other nations who have contracted with American ship building concerns for vessels. In accordance to the order it has been interpreted that all ships built here since February 1 unless they fly the American flag will remain where they are. Orders were . also received this morning by McGovern regarding the buying and selling of vessels. When application is made to buy or sell a vessel such information as to the name of the ship, official number, number, dead weighty -names of the purchaser, citizenship, and number of years of experience of the purchaser in operating vessels will l ave to to furnished the shipping board or the Inter-Allied chartering executive board. In the case 'of a corporation buying a ship the president and managing directors must be United States citi zens and the ship must be chartered under the laws of the United States. The office of the Collector of Port is in a position to aid persons in buy ing ships. Information will, how ever, have to be submitted to the United States Shipping Board. sid in nnm m m nuuni LAWYERS WHO PROSECUTE I. W.W. (Chicago, March 1 Discovery of a . bomb in the federal building has fur nished a mystery on which a number of government agents are working to day. The bomb was found yesterday partly hidden under a pile of rubbish in one of the rooms occupied by law yers in charge of the I. -W.' W. prose cution; The bomb was a heavy steel cylin der 12 inches long and about' two inches in diameter. A long fuse in one end had not been ignited. ' Ex perts of a powder company found the cylinder contained a number of metal slugs and an explosive powder. ' They gave it as their opinion that the ex plosion of the bomb would have wrecked' tie entire wing of the fed eral building. 0 TWO VESSELS AGH DAY TO U. S. IE SERVICE Washington, March 1 The growing American merchant marine was in creased by 399 seagoing vessels in the last six months of 1917, govern ment official said today, or an average of more than two a day. STEAMER TIBERIA IS "SUB" VICTIM New Tork, March 1 The British merchant steamer Tiberia, of 4,880 tons gross, owned by the Anchor line, was sunk by a German submarine about Feb; 27 while bound for this port, according to information receiv ed in shipping circles today. The crew was rescued. The Tiberia waj built in Glasgow In 1913. . SMITH TO LEAVE SEXATE. Washington, March 1 Senator -William Alden Smith of Michigan, a F.epublican leader in the senate, an nounced today that he would not be a candidate for re-e!oction, but would :eave the senate when his term ex- TO Fl J,3lred oa March. 4.SXt. .