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THIT FARMER: AUGUST 2, 1913
ADVANCE OF FRENCH CHECKED TO EXTENT, NOT WHOLLY STOPPED Foch's Men Are on Northern Bank of Ourcq and Hold Whole Road Between Rheims and Dor- mans, But Teutons Are sistance, and Burning Villages Australian Fighters Capture Two 2-Mile Front Astride of Amiens. London, July 29 The German retreat is continuing along the whole line, the Allies closely in pursuit, according to news from the fighting area in the Soissons-Rheims salient, receiv ed up to noon today. - The Germans have succeeded in checking to a certain ex tent, but not in stopping the French advance. The French are on the northern bank of the Ourcq, and to the east they have secured the whole road between Rheims and Dormans. The Germans are stubbornly resisting, and are burning villages. Two lines of German trenches on a two mile front astride the Bray-Corbie road, east of Amiens, have been captured by Australian troops, the war office announced today. In carrying out his operation the Australians took one hun dred prisoners. Heavy fighting still is in progress to the south of Soissons, in the neighborhood of Buzancy. So far the French have made no progress there. Villages between Soissons and Bazoches, about 14 miles to the east, however, are on fire, leading to the belief that the Germans may intend a further retreat. ''On the British front there is nothing of special interest to report," said the official statement from the British war of fice last night. The Americans, particularly in the Fere en Tardenois sec tor, are pressing the Germans very vigorously. Since yesterday the Allies have, advanced two and three miles on a 20 mile front. The enemey has definitely abandoned the line of the Ourcq and there is little doubt now that he will go back beyond the Vesle to the line 30 miles long between Soissons and Rheims, which probably is well entrenched and has good lines of com munication. The German retirement has been quite orderly and delib erate. So far the taking of only (By the Associated Press.) North of the Marne the tide of Ger man invasion is fast ebbing. The fact that a general retreat in this region Is going on is not questioned, and the only question of moment remaining to be cleared up is the location of the position at which the enemy will turn at bay. Glnce Saturday morning there have been important changes in the battle line between Soissons and Rheims. Today it runs nearly directly east from Oulchy le Chatea.u to Fere en Tardenois, then crosses the Ourcq and continues eastward until it reaches the Dormans-Rheims road northwest of Rheims mountain. It has been contended by military experts that the Germans might elect to stand on the line of the Ourcq riv er, from which their heavy cannon might dominate the Paris-Chalons railroad, along the Marne. This idea now is proved erroneous. It appears that there is no defensive position south of the Vesle river to which the Germans can retire and organize their resistance to Allied pressure. The . only other defensive position seem ingly possible is the one that follows the Aisne and Vesle from Soissons to Fisrr.es and from that point follows . the course of the Ardre river toward Rheims. Burning villages along the AiBne and Vesle from Soissons to Bazoches are reported and tend to confirm the Impression that the Ger mans -flo not contemplate organized resistance south of that line. There is every indication that the German high command has succeeded In etricating its forces from the trap sprung by Gen. Foch. The resistance of the Germans for a week" after the begir.r.in3 of the Allied counter offen sive probably gave the Germans time to withdraw their heavier guns and a large proportion of their supplies from the salient. This resistance was very strong along the line south of Soissons as far as Oulchy le Ville and west and southwest of Rheims, which were the vital sectors of the battle line. The advance of the Allies east of Oulchy le Chateau soon must com pel the enemy to evacuate the line from the Ourcq river toward Soissons for a considerable distance. Nearer Rheims however, the Germans seem to hold positions that will provide a pivot for their retreat toward the Vesle river. , ITALIAN SHI Explosion on Giuseppe Garibaldi Off Coast of Brazil Is Believed Due to Dynamite Placed Aboard ' By Germans. Rio Janeiro. July 29 The Italian steamer Giuseppe Gari Daldi, 4.000 tons, has been destroyed by an explosion 200 miles off the Brazilian coast. PLACE AMERICANS IN RHINE TOWNS Geneva. Sunday, JulyS (By the Associated Press) Thirty-two Amer icans, including some officers, recently captured by the Germans have been leased near the railroad station in Mannheim, in Eac'en, on the Rhine. according to A report rac.iived in Basle. Tha An-.or leans were placed lis this position in order to "prevent 1 Aili&d ais raids, Offering Stubborn Re Lines of Trenches on Bray-Corbie Road, East four guns has been reported In this region the Allies were this morning getting very close to the Ardre river, which forms a protection to the right flank of the enemy posi tions near Rheims. As the situation now stands the Germans must be regarded as having suffered a. severe defeat north of the Marne. but it is not a Sedan. While the Germans have been busy getting their forces out of the bag between Soissons and Rheims. their forces farther north again have been attacked by the British. Australian troops, attacking on each side of the Bray-Corbie road, epnt of Amiens and north of the Somme river. Two lines of German trenches over a two mile front were taken by the Australians, ' who also captured 100 prisoners. This operation is just to the north of Hamel and Villers Bretonr.eux, where the Australians and Americans, early in July, won a local victory over the enemy. Farther south is the line over which the French have more re cently advanced to dominating posi tions along the Avre river. With the French Army in France. July 29 Noon (By the Associated Press) The Allies pushed on beyond Fere en Tardenois this morning and maintained their positions everywhere in the face of strong German counter attacks. The village of Sergy. southeast of Fere en Tardenois, changed hands four times, finally remaining in pos session of the Allies. An extremely violent artillery com bat was on this morning north of the Ourcq as far as Soissons. In the sec tor south of the Ourcq the guns also were busy. TWO U. S. FLIERS KILLED IN FALLS Hempstead, L. I., July 27 Lieut. C. H. Haynes of Dorchester, Mass., was killed here today when a giant Haviland battle plane which he was piloting fell 100 feet, his neck was broken. His mechanic. Private Mi nard S. Moist, suffered a broken leg and a broken collar bone. Fort Worth, Tex., July 27 Flyins Cadet Fred C. Campbell, Jr., 26 years old, of Rosedale Kan., was killed here today when his plane dropped i into a tail spin at a low altitude. STEOYED 6 LOSE LIVE Six members of the crew were kill ed by the explosion and the others were rescued by the English ship i Ige Officers of the vessel have reported to the Italian consul here to the ef feet that the explosion was caused by a dynamite bomb, which is believed to have been placed on board the ship !by Germans. - ! The Giuseppe Garibaldi formerly ! was tho steamer Cleveland Range She was built In 1898 and was 340 I feet lone- MARINES ON DUTY IN PHILADELPHIA BECAUSEOF RIOTS Sent Out With 300 Police men to Prevent Further Race Clashes. Philadelphia, July 29. Three hun dred policemen and 60 marines were on duty today to prevent a recurrence of race riots In South Philadelphia in which two men were killed and sev eral scores were Injured yesterday. The trouble occurred in the section ueiween wasnington avenue ana Dickinson street, 25th and 30th streets, which contains many small thorough fares inhabited by negroes. Armed battles were waged from early Sunday morning until last mid night between gangs of negroes on one side and white residents, with the police and members of the home de fense reserve striving vainly to pre serve order. The men killed were Hugh Lavery and Thomas McVay, a patrol wagon driver. The death list may be en larged as several of the persons wounded are in a serious condition. According to the police the disorder was the result of an attempt by ne groes to encroach on streets that up to this time had been o-yupied solely by white families. A negro was shot and killed today in South Philadelphia. This makes three deaths as a result of the disor der, two men, one of them a police man, having been shot dead yester? day. More than three score persons have been injured, some of them seri ously enough to be sent to hospitals. The negro killed today had been arrested by two policemen and tried to escape by slashing them with a ra zor. . As he was taken into a police station some one in the crowd fired a shot which stuck him in the back. OCEAN LINER IN U-BOAT FIGHT Steamer Attacked Off New foundland and Shelled, Re turns Fire and Escapes. New York, July 29. Passengers of a British liner that arrived in an Atlan tic port yesterday reported that their vessel was shelled by a submarine last Friday afternoon south of Newfound land. The U boat came to the surface several miles away and opened fire. The liner turned so that her stern was toward the submarine and then started full speed ahead. For three quarters of an hour her stern gun crew exchanged shots with the U beat. The aim of the Germans was bad and the liner escaped unscathed. Before the liner had outdistanced the submarine a second IT boat was sighted in the distance. To those on board the liner it seemed to be chas mg another vessel. Passengers said that it was afterward learned by wire less that the second submarine had chased a British freighter, which sue ceeded in sinking her. Another scare was thrown into the passengers on Saturday morning when several submarines were sighted only a short distance away. For the third time since the ship left En land there was a rush for the lifeboat stations and the ship's gunners opened fire on the first of the U boats. Three shots, all of which went wild, were fired before it was discovered that the submarines were American craft. DRIVER OF LOCAL AUTO IS DEAD AFTER ACCIDENT Greenwich, July 29 Max Winkler, 25, driver of a passenger carrying au tomobile in Bridgeport, died at tha hospital here today from an Ynjury received some hours earlier when his machine skidded and overturned in West Putnam avenue. Winkler bo Janged in New York city. He was driving nine persons to Bridgeport. Mrs. Ethel Siegel and son, Sam uel, of Bridgeport, were taken to the hospital with painful though not seri ous injuries. The others had cuts and contusions, but all were able to continue to Bridgeport in other con veyances. WRONGS MUST BE RIGHTED. New York, July 26 Realization that the sympathy of the people of Alsace and Lorraine are with Franc? apparently has penetrated to the minds of some of the members of the German Reichstag for according to th Cologne Gazette, Deputy Wald stein gave notice in the Reiehstag in June that "many wrongs must be righted," in those piovinces. Feel ing of the people of Alsace and Lor raine is no longer so friendly toward Germany as before the war, he de clared. WEARING GAS MASKS SOLDIERS FIGHT FIRE. Stamford, Conn. July 29 Fifty sol diers from the United States Arsen al here donned gas masks last night to help the local firemen fight a cellar fire in a store here that caused $25, 000 damage. Three of the soldiers and 10 firemen were overcome by smoke and heat, and were sent to the Stamford hos pital. None is in serious condition. INCREASE SPRCCE PRICE Washington, July 26. Increases rveraging approximately $4 a thou sand feet for New England spruce lumber were authorized today by the price fixing committee of the War In dustry Board for the period from July 19 to Nov. 1, 1918. BEEF THIEVES INDICTED New York, July 26 Twenty-one persons were indicted here today by the federal grand jury on a charge of being implicated in the theft of beef consigned to the United States Ajaxmy. CAMP MILLS IS GIVEN $50,000 K, OF G, HOME Mgr. M. J. Lavelle Reads Stirring Message From Cardinal Farley, BUILDING IS FORMALLY ACCEPTED Constructed on Historic Site Rainbow Men Used a Year Ago. New York, July 29 Monsignors Joseph McNamee and Edward W. McCarthy ,in behalf of the National Catholic War Council, formally pre sented to the United States govern ment the new Visitors' House at Camp Mills, yesterday. Thousands of sol diers and sailors and many promin ent Catholics from New York and Brooklyn attended the dedication ex ercises. Cardinal Farley was unable to at tend. His stirring speech was read by Monsignor M. J. Lavelle. As a preface to the address Monsignor La velle said: "Although unable to be here to day Cardinal Farley is here in spirit. You do not need to be told of hi3 devotion and patriotism. Throughout this land there is no more represen tative American, no citizen more de voted tt our country's flag, than Car dinal Farley, the illustrious high Bishop of New York. "Through his energy the Knights of Columbus Fund and Visitors' Houses have been made possible. In a short time we shall need more money. I feel that if 20 times the amount already collected should be asked for, t..e Catholics of this coun try would be ready. The beginning of these great movements, the pion eering, comes from the heart and soul of John Cardinal Farley." Cardinal Farley's speech was in part as follows: "This is historic ground. Upon these meadows, a year ago today, the tents of the Rainbow Division were pitched. Its ranks from everjr state and territory proved that this nation was a united country. "In the short span of one year, what glorious history has been made' A year ago today we had 30,000 men in France. Today we have more than a million, "What a record of achievement this year has been! All honor to the men who planned, co-ordinated and or ganized this vast 1 usiness of war. May God bless them His Excellency the President, the members of the Cabinet, Congress the officers of the army and navy. May He preserve them to see the victory which ap proaches. "The Marne again has become the scene of Allied triumph. Again the dream of world dominion has been shattered by the forces of democracy in the fertile valleys of Picardy and Champagne. Would that the news we hope for was speeding through the air about us. that General Foch had cut off the retreat and closed the gap between Soissons and Rheims. It would be cheering news. But we are not downcast. "That message of victory will come. We no longer hear whisers of the superman in our enemies' ranks. He has been driven from the sea and from under the spa. Hp shall hp rtp- feated on land and in the air. We are pjeoseu to mis lasjv no mauer now long it may take to accomplish it." Monsignor McCarthy spoke of the benefits to be derived from such in stitutions ns the newly completed vis itors' house. He said: "Thousands of miles from their home firesides, the boys are sure to suffer from homesickness.' In the visitors' house3 they may write' letters and enjoy themselves in a variety of ways. That is the purpose of the buildings erected by the K. of C, the Y. M. C. A. and our brethren of the Jewish persuasion. We are proud to erect them for this purpose." John G. Agar, treasurer of the Na tional Catholic War Council, paid tri bute to Mrs. Cornuelius Tiers and Mrs. Henry W. Taft for their splendid work for the building. Major-General David Shanks, com mander of the port of embarkation, accepted the house) for the govern ment. The building will be conducted un der the supervision of the Visitors' House Auxiliary, Camp Mills Unit, comprised of prominent Catholic women of New York and Brooklyn. The structure was erected at a cost of $50,000 The directress is Miss Olive Tit comb. She is assisted by Mrs. James Crosby. The cafeteria will be pre sided over by Miss Agnes Dailey, as-' sisted by Miss A! G. Cavanaugh. Other members of the staff are: Miss Mary Fitz Simmons, Mrs. Hugh A. Riley, Miss Helen Hayes and Miss Anne Coghlin. Among those resent yesterday were Monsignor O'Hara, Father Charles F. Connor, Mrs. Francis B. Hoffman, Mrs. William K. Vanderbilt, Mrs. Wil liam F. Sheehan, Mrs. William F. Good, Mrs. Thomas' E. Murray, Mrs. John B. Duer, Mrs. Raymond Almi rail, Mrs. Herbert Johntson, Mrs. Huntington Norton, Mrs. Thomas Hitchcock, Mrs. John Agar, Mrs. J. E. Smith-Hadden, Miss Catherine McCann, Mis3 Elizabeth. S. Hamilton, Mrs. Delancy Kane. Mrs. Walter Wood, Miss Iselin, Mrs. Morgan J. O'Brien. Mrs. Lyttleton Fox, Mrs. Marshall Russell, Mrs. Stanley Floyd Jones, Miss Mary Brady and Miss Anna Wilde. Postmaster Named Field Secretary Hartfordj July 29 Field secretar ies for organization work in the sev eral counties of the state have been appointed by the Connecticut State Council of Defense. The field sec retaries will assist in re-organizing town committees of the Council into war bureaus, and will co-operate with war bureaus in making more efficient their work of guiding civilian war ac tivities. The appointments include: For Fair field county, Charles F. Greene of Bridgeport; Litchfield county, F. L. Vanderpoel of Litchfield. SUGAR SHORTAGE IS MORJACUTE Housekeepers Are Urged to Further Saving As Step to Victory. " , Washington-, July 26 -The saving of sugar by the American people in larger quantities than at any time. since the ntry of the United States into the war was asked todayby the Federal Food Administration. The shortage, it is stated, is becoming more acute, due to the partial failure of the cane and sugar beet sugar crops and the increasing requisitions for sweetstuffs for the American sol diers which are coming from Gen. Pershing. Households which recently were al lotted three pounds a month for each persons are asked now to reduce this quantity to two pounds and to em ploy substitutes like syrups whenever possible. Each pound of sugar saved now is a step toward victory for the American armies. Candy and sweetstuffs are being given to the troops of Gen. Pershing as they return from the trenches and the fighting for its recuperative ef fects. The officers of the American army have found it to be one of the strongest factors in maintaining the "fighting edge" of the armies and preventing depression and melancholy among the soldiers. The French and English are employing it for the same purpose. The Germans have re sorted to beers and wines with the same object in view. The shortage of sugar in the United States is due primarily to the de creased production of sugar cane in the Mississippi delta and gulf coasi country and the small crop of sugar beets in the west. The cane crop in Porto Rico has fallen behind the expectations of the planters and the shortage in ships will prevent the im portation of sugar from Java and the Philippines., , "The situation is so serious that every possible means of conservation should be employed," it was stated today at. the Food Administration. The canning of food and fruits with out the use of sugar whenever possi ble is asked by the Food Administra tion. Limitation of its use during meals to actual necessities is request ed too. Relief from the shortage is in prospect as soon as the cyips of cane i-nd beets now growing in the tropics are harvested. This source is expected to prDvide a supply by the first of the year. CHARGE GERMANS WITH ATTEMPT TO LOW UP PLANT Newark. N. J., July 27. An at tempt this morning ro blow up the plant of the Gould & Bberhardt Ma chinery Co. in Irvington, near here, was frustrated by the vigilance of the factory guards. Two men, said to be Germans, were arrested. One of them, it is alleged, was caught in the act of igniting a bomb. At the point of a gun he was forced had ,been llghted plant is en gaged in government contracts. BRITISH LOSSES SHOW BIG DROP London, July 27 British casualties reported in the week ended today to taled 12,898, compared with 16,981 reported in the preceding week. They are divided as follows: Killed or died of wounds Officers, 128; men, 1,764. Wounded or missing Officers, 304; men, 10,69". 300,000 TROOPS OVERSEAS IN JULY Washington, July 27 With 60,000 troops sent last week the number of American soldiers transported over seas during July is expected to reach a record of 300,000, Secretary Baker and Gen. March chief of staff, told members of the senate military com mittee today. With the shipment of men last week the total number of American troops embarking for France was 1,250,000. Diminutive Star To Wed Lieutenant New York, July 27. The engage ment of Miss Marguerite Clark, the famous movie star, to Lieut. H. Pal merson Williams, U. S. A., was for mally announced Thursday by Miss Clark's sister. Miss Cora Clark. No arrangements have been made for the wedding. Lieutenant Williams has a purchas ing commission with the government and has been spending most of his time in Washington. Miss Clark- re turned Thursday from a visit with friends there. Miss Clark first met Lieutenant Williams when she was speaking in New Orleans in the in terest of the Third Liberty Loan. The young officer assisted her in her work and their friendship grew rap idly. Lieutenant Williams is a member of a weatlhy New Orleans family, who recently met Miss Clark in Washington, and, it is said, were charmed with their son's bride-to-be. CALLS 500 MEN FOR A V GUST Adjutant General George M. Cole announced yesterday the allotment of the latest call for 500 men physi cally qualified for general military duty who are actually to go to Fort Slocum, N. Y., on August 6. Seventy-two are to go from Hartford; Bridgeport, seventy-three; Stamford, fifty-four; New Britain, six, and the remainder from fourteen of the state boards. Hartford Board No. 1 7 Board No. 2 23 Board No. 3 42 Bridgeport Board No. 1 10 Board No. 2 5 Board No. 4 22 Board No. 5 4 Board No. 6 '. -22 HIGHER TAX ON EXCESSPR0F1TS May Range As Much As 80 Per Cent, on Corporation Net Incomes. Washington. July 26 A new sys tem of excess profits taxes to yield $1,690,000,000 revenue and taking 30, 50 and 80 per cent, of the net increase of corporations, after allowing specific exemptions, was tentatively- agreed upon by the Ways and Means com mittee yesterday. Every corporation will be entitled to exemption of $2,000 plus at least 10 per cent, of the in vested capital. The rates in detail are: Thirty per cent, of all net incomes in exces3 of exemption of 10 per cent. and not in excess of 20 per cent.; 50 per cent, of the net income in excess of 20 per cent, and not in excess of 25 per cent., and 80 per cent, of the net income in excess of 25 per cent. Alternative ' plans were considered Jby the committee, each with a specific exemption of $2,000. One proposal was to take 80 per cent, of all net in come in excess of the exemption of 10 per cent, of the invested capital. This would yield $2,400,000. Another was to take 40 per cent, of all net income in excess of 10 per cent, and not in excess of 20 per cent., and 80 per cent, of all net income in excess of 20 per cent. A third plan was to take 50 to 80 per cent. . on the difference between the average per cent, of profits for the best four of the six years from 1911 to 1916, to be selected by the corpora tion, and the profits for the taxable year, with 10 per cent, deducted on the capital put in since 1916. The rates under the existing tax run from 20 to 60 per cent. Corporations which had big earn ings in the pre-war period as well a3 since the war began, but, without great change in invested capital, such as Standard Oil, the Steel Trust, the Packers' Trust, etc., must now pay 80 per cent, of their present profits, un der the present law, members of the committee learned, some of the real war profits escaped through the method employed of finding the differ ence in pre-war and war profits. Another feature of the new system is that it reveals the .effect of price fixing agreements on profiteering. The estimated yield of $1,690,000,000 in' revenue is but $290,000,000 more than was returned under the existing law. The new rate3 were made in the be lief that profits for 1918 would be about the same as in 1916. This reduced return from profits, it was admitted by leaders today, may force the committee to consider some rate like the flat 80 per cent, proposed, which would yield $700, 000,000 more from profits than tho committee plans to take. The committee will find difficulty in raising the full $8,X)00,000,000 ask ed by Secretary McAdoo, of which $6,000,000,000 was expected from in come and profits taxes and $2,000, 000,000 on luxuries and non-essentials. Up to date provision has been made tenatively for about $4,658, 000,000, with $100,000,000 on inher itances, $1,690,000,000 on profits and $2,868,000,000 on incomes. " This leaves the committee about $1,500, 000,000 short. WOMAN DRIVER KILLS GIRL OF 5 Ambulance Runs Into Group of Playing Children With Disastrous Result New York, July 26 An ambulance of the Women's Ambulance Corps, driven by Miss Marguerite Scarbor ough of No. 51. St. John's Place, Brooklyn, ran upon the sidewalk of Glenmore Avenue last evening and in to a group of playing children. It killed Frances Benderzino of No. 465 Glenmore Avenue, who yesterday was celebrating her fifth birthday. Sev eral other children were hurt. Miss Scarborough, whose father is William A. Scarborough, a merchant at No. 13 Harrison St., Brooklyn, was on duty as a volunteer driver at the Bradford Street Hospital last night. She is about twenty. When a call came for the removal of a patient to the hospital from No. 385 Alabama avenue. Miss Scarbor ough took the wheel of the vehicle, and Ambulance Surgeon Moore of the hospital jumped in behind. They went through Bradford street swiftly. The ambulance swung from Brad ford street east on Glenmore Avenue, to find a big motor truck looming in front. The truck was driven by Dan iel Somers, twenty, of No. 19 Prospect Place, Brooklyn. Somers was direct ly in Miss Scarborough's path. There was no time for him to swing his lumbering vehicle to one side. The girl driver swerved her ma chine sharply toward the sidewalk. Whether she lost control the police do. not know. The ambulance plung ed over the curb and ran along the sidewalk, where Frances Benderzino was the centre of a group of skylark ing youngsters. The children scrambled to get ou of the way, but Frances was not quick enough. A front wheel of 'he ambulance passed over her. When Miss Scarborough stopped the car further along the sidewalk Surgeon Moore ran back. He found the child dead. A policeman was called from the Miller Avenue Station, but there were no arrests. 30,000 TEUTONS TAKEN CAPTIVE !N COUNTER-DRIVE Paris, July 27. The number of German . prisoners captured by the Allies since the beginning of the counter offensive is placed at 30,000 by the Havas agency. American troops have discovered at Brecy, north of Chateau Thierry, em placements of German super-cannon which bombarded towns behind the .front aid, perhapo, Paris. 15 CANNON SHOPS BUILT IN YEAR 16th to Be Constructed by U. S. Will Be Rend? Soon. , ' Washington, July 26. Fifteen of ths 16 Federal controlled gun plants for the forging and machining of cannon have been completed, it was announc ed yesterday by the War Department.? They are now turning out guns rang ing from l'4 inch to 10 inches. Ths 16th plant will be doing its bit in a few weeks. It is now 86 per cent. complete. . Thus far the government has ex pended $34,768,897 in the erection of the plants. The latter constitute prac tically a new industry because of the radical changes In the manufacture ot guns in the past year, and the pro gram that has been made dates from July of las tyear. At that time there were only two plants, with the exception of the gov ernment arsenals, available for the manufacture of army guns In quanti ties. There were the Midvale and the Bethlehem companies, and they were .swamped with work. This made expansion imperative. Work was begun as soon as the money was appropriated, and- today, while none of the 16 companies now doing the work had ever been engaged in ordnance manufacture, all have successfully met tho rigid require ments and are producing material which is equal to the best products of the ordnance companies of Great Britain and France. Only 5. kind providence, however; enabled the builders to get throug'i last winter. Weather conditions, the railroad tie-up, the coal shortage, and demands of the Shipping Board and the Navy, combined to render the task almost hopeless. In spite of obstacles, though, one plant was completed in January, and In February it turned out its first howitzer. At another point of con struction,, near the Delaware river, water froze in the cement forms, and a huge circus tent, in which stoves were placed, was set over the f?rms. Just as the heat from the stoves was beginnning to show results in the ice, a heavy wind came up, lifted the tent into the Delaware river and caused further delay. Previous to our entrance in the war, some of the factories now turn ing out cannon were engaged in work ranging from production of railway appliances to high grade machine tools. The Ordnance Department has not as yet made an announcement regard ing progress in the new $30,000,000 ordnance, plant under construction for the government at Neville Island by the United Stages Steel Corporation. HOWWCANAAN OYS AND GIRLS HELP GOVERNMENT The Boys' and Girls' Garden Clut of New Canaan, have issued a bul letin to all the, boys and girls in Fairfield county, in which they tell of their own efforts to aid the gov ernment by raising $100,000 worth of produce, and wish to encourage all the junior Allies to "do their bit" in raising food for Uncle Sam. Their message reads as follows: Way down in a corner of the State of Connecticut, where Fairfield coun ty runs a little into New York state, we planted a garden. Twelve of us boys and girls planted each a garden on one of New Canaan's beautiful ridges. This ridge was named for a man whose name was Smith. All around us lie those wonderful blue hills for which Connecticut is famous. Each garden is a rod square, 16 1-2 feet long and 16 1-2 feet wide. The seeds were given us by the New Ca naan Branch of the Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild. Radishes, lettuce, beets, carrots, tomatoes, onions, beans, po tatoes, cabbages and turnips can all be found in each garden. Do you think that sounds like an every day matter? Stop and think! It's our bit and it is by such bits that our Allies will win the war. Presi dent Wilson, Secretary McAdoo, Sec retary Daniels. Secretary Baker, Mr. Davison, Mr. Hurley and many more men, then forty-eight States, of course Connecticut, all will help and the war will be won. We have an extra potato patch and a bean patch to work all together. We raised early onions in our bean patch. Of course, they are harvest ed now and the beans arep lanted. We will have both beans and potatoes to sell if you need them in the win ter. We already have enough money from the sale ot our onions to pay our Junior Red Cross membership fee for 1919. The very best thing ahout our gar den is our flag. In June we raised our flag and oh, how proud we were. There it will stay day and night as long as there is a plant in the war garden. We buy thrift stamps with the money from our vegetables, for our government needs money and needs It now. .We told you before we were from New Canaan and New Canaan always "goes over the top" whether it be our men in the trenches. War Savings Stamps, Liberty Bonds or War Gaardens. Now all you Junior Food Army boys and girls, plant, hoe and harvest and plant again and if you are ever, ever tired, look over your beautiful hills, so peaceful and so fair, and think of those other fields in France that once were as fair as yours. Look up to your Flag and say, "Thank God," and then work some more. SAY 20 U-BOATS ARE ON THIS SIDE Geneva, July 27. A dispatch re ceived in Basel, Switzerland, today, from Hamburg, says: More than 20 large submarines are now operating off the American coast. The numhber of submarines in the Atlantic has been increased by SO per cent, in the last seven months. No German denial, official or un- . official; has been made concerning the recent statement of a Swiss engineer who returned to eGneva from Kiel that the harbor theret la full of dam aged submarines and that It Is diffi cult to find crews for the German lU-boata. . '