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ALL THE NEWS
Established A. D. 1790 Vol. C XX VII gyygjgyg ag tcfV BRIDGEPORT, CONN., FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1920 SSSSS "4? ff SHE ISSS? Nw Series Vol. CXXVIII No. 5726
COURT DECISION SUSTAINS THEJITNEYS
EVEN CENT FLAT FARE
Hearing On Company's Application Next Thursday
Place Of Present
General Plan is That the 7 Cent Rate Shall Car
ry a Passenger Three Miles From the Center
of the City Public Utilities Board Sends
Out Notice of Hearing on the Application.
The Connecticut company has asked authority from the
Public Utilities Board of the state for permission to impose a
flat rate of seven cents in the cities of the state in place of the
zone system, the distance however not to include all of the dis
tance formerly ridden over for five cents.
The Public Utilities board has ordered a hearing on the
application of the company at Hartford next Thursday, July
29, at ten o'clock.
The petition of the company and the order of the board is
In Re Petition of the Connecticut Company for approval
of the following proposed schedule of rates over entire sys
tem (except New London Division), in substitution for present
system of collection and fares.
1 Flat rate fare of 7 cents in substitution for present dis
2 On all short city lines flat rate to apply to entire line.
3 On longer city lines fare limit to be located at a point
not less than three miles from traffic center of the city.
4 On all rural lines fare limits to be located approxi
mately 2.8 miles apart.
5 -Transfers given to all passengers from and to points
not more than 2 1-2 miles from traffic center.
In the above entitled matter it is ordered that same be
heard at the office of the Commission in Hartford Room 41,
State Capitol on Thursday, July 29, at 10 o clock in the fore
Dated at Hartford. Conn., this 21st day of July 1920.
Public Utilities Commission,
Henry F. Billings,
The statement of the company fol
"In order to meet Increases in coat
of operating the street railway ser
vice The Connecticut Company must
obtain a greater revenue. The pay
rolls for 1920 will be one million
dollars greater than last year due to
recent advances in rates of pay.
Coal which cost $4.00 per ton a few
years ago and $7.00 per ton last year
Is now selling for $13.00 per ton and
at times even more. '
"The authorities In the various
cities where efforts are being made
to restrict ruinous jitney bus compe
tition have asked us to return to a
flat rate of fare collection and we
are, therefore, proposing a seven cent
flat rata of fare covering the largest
portion of each city area, but not in
cluding the entire areas falling within
the old five cent fare limits.
"As we are now obtaining fares of
eight, ten and twelve cents from a
large number of the passengers
whose payments will be reduced to
aeven cents it is clear that no lower
rate will produce sufficient revenue.
We have no means of determining
whether the seven cent rate will be
high enough, although It is possible
that with a restriction of ruinous
Jitney bus competition and a large uee
of the cars we may able to establish
a lower rate.
"Every effort will be made to re
tain service upon all the lines now
operated Including all thoste in the
country areas, but of course, suffi
cient revenue must be obtained to
meet the cost of operating the cars."
The seven cent flat rate as proposed
by the company does not mean that a(
person may Tide anywhere within
city limits for seven cents. It means
that on all the short lines within the
city the fare of seven cents will apply
to the entire distance covered by the
In the case of the longer city lines,
however, the fare limits will be (lo
cated three miles from the trafflo
center of the city, so that a person
may ride, according to the notice
given by the company, anywhere in
side a zone whose radius is three
miles from the centre of the city for
On the suburban lines the fare
limits in each case will be located two
and four-fifths miles apart so that the
fare to New Haven would be approx
imately 42 cents.
In the matter of transfers the com.
- pany is to give transfers free to all
passengers riding from and to points
not more than two and a half miles
from the traffic center of the city.
The plan as proposed would do
away almost altogether with the
present zone system, though some of
the features might be retained. In
-He absonA of datatlart Infnrp-
of Just what the company's plans are.
however, it is probable that the con
ductorn would collect the fares as in
the old days, collecting again when
the cars passed the zone limits three
miles from the center of the city's
In Bridgeport the new plan would
probably mean a seven cent fare for
all of Bridgeport proper as most of
the city would be included in a zone
with a center at Main street and
Fairfield afenue and the radius three
miles '"from that point.
Chicago. July 22 Heads of the
great railroad brotherhoods today
were divided in opinion on the course
of action which should be pursued as
to acceptance or rejection of the
$600,000,000 wage Increase granted
by the railway labor board.
At the close of an all night session,
at which no agreement was reached
on a plan for concerted action, six of
the brotherhoods, In addition to the
masters, mates and pilots of America,
had expressed themselves as favora
ble to acceptance of the award in its
entirety, seven favored referring the
question to the unions with recom
mendation that It be accepted; two
were undecided, and the Brotherhood
of. Railway Telegraphers had decided
to reject the award and was said to be
preparing for a strike ballpt
HEAD OF FIREMEN
Chief Ianlel E. Johnson of the Fire
Department started on a two weeks'
vacation this morning and Assistant
Chief George F. Bea.rdsley will be
acting chief of the department until
Johnson's return to duty. Chief Dan
will Attend the International Fire
Chiefs' Conference which will be held
in Toronto. Ontario. Canada, from
July 26 to July 30. He will leave for
Canada on Saturday.
One small fire that did only slight
damage called out the firemen last
night when a three story rooming
house at No. 8 Gilbert street caught
fire as a supposed cause of ignition
from a oarelessiy tnrown cigarette.
The house was owned Kalman
Goldbej-ger of Water street, who was
arrested on Monday charged with
profiteering for selling potatoes at an
VAXDERB1M1 SERIOTJSLY ILL.
Paris. July 2 2 William K. Vander
bllt is in a critical condition. He
is reported to be slowly declining,
suffering from heart trouble with
complications. He was taken ill at
i ... ii An-ti i s;
for President Formal
ly Notified of His
of Acceptance Attacks
Wilson and Foreign
Marion, O., July 22 The Republi
can campaign attained full speed
ahead today with the formal notifica
tion here of Warren G. Harding, the
party's nominee for the presidency.
The ceremonies which brought to
Marion most of the big party leaders
and many thousands of enthusiasts,
included an acceptance speech by
Senator Harding interpreting the Chi.
cago platform and declaring the prin
ciples on which he expects the cam
paign to be fought out.
At' 7 o'clock in the morning a noisy
aggression of Marion citizens that
looked like half the town led off with
a demonstration. To their acclaim
the senator played the leading part
in a flag raising, pulling the Stars and
Stripese to the top of a weather
beaten McKinley flag pole sent here
a few days ago from Canton.
Delegation after delegation with
bands blaring and colors flying fol
lowed up to the Harding front porch
as 30 special trains and thousands of
automobiles unloaded their contribu
tion to the crowds. Not content with
showing themselves to the nominee
they marched and counter marched
through the city.
The Marion Boosters cheered the
Senator until he consented to make
a short talk, thanking them for their
show of neighborly interest and en
thusiasm. "I cannot let you go without say
ing how deeply I am touched by this
tributo from the home folks," he
Members of the Hamilton Club
of Chicago, came up singing
Good Morning, Mr. Harding,"
fashioned after the army march
ing song. "Good Morning, Mr.
Zip," and presented the candidate
with a resolution giving him honor
ary membership in the club. In re
sponse he declared there ought to be
a similar Republican organization in
every great city.
"We do not give enough attention
to our politics," he added, "for googl
government ought to be the first bus.
iness of e'very citizen And I think
we do not pay enough attention to
party; in this country we had too
much of the rule of the individual and
not enough of the rule of great
masses. I am especially proud to be
a member of your club because it
bears the name of the man who to my
mind was the greatest constructive
American statesman that ever lived."
A pledge of constitutional gov.
ernment, administered by party,
and not by individual, and based
on national rather than world
ideals, was given by Warren
G. Harding today in formally ac
cepting the Republician nomination
for the Presidency.
He welcomed a popular referen
dum on the League of Nations, ad-
I voeated increased production
the high cost of living, pleaded for
obliteration of sectional and class
conflict, and declared for industrial
peace "not forced but inspired by the
Prohibition he gave only a passing
notice, saying that despite divided
opinion regarding .the Eighteenth
amendment and the statutes enacted
to make it operative, there must be
no evasion in their enforcement. He
declared it his "sincere desire" that
ratification of the suffrage amend
ment be completed to permit women
to vote this Fall in every State.
Reviewing and commending briefly
many other planks of the party plat
form, the candidate declared for col
lective bargaining for farmers. re
pression of the disloyal," "generous
Federal co-operation" in rehabilitat
ing the railroads, intelligent deflation
of the currency, enlargement of gov
ernment aid in reclamation, a genuine
expression of gratitude to veterans of
the World War and maintenance of
an ample navy and "a small army
but the best in the world."
In his promise of "a party govern
ment," Senator Harding reiterated
his belief that the Vice President
should have a part in the affairs of
the chief executive's official family
and declared there also should be "a
cordial understanding and co-ordinate
activities" between the executive
Min.liii.il 1-Poir. W-i &V. t 1
jWissMSj minimi ii n wsss inn swi
Mrs. William Mayhew Washburn of
New Tork, formerly Miss Elizabeth
Clarkson, who with her husband
lived in Bridgeport, well known in
Eastern society circles, is the latest
woman to be mentioned. She re
ceived a. check for $200 as a wedding
present from the turfman and
SENT TO A
Sandy Hook, N. J., July 22 The
cup challenger Shamrock IV was
towed to the Staten Island Ship
building Company's plant today to be
drydocked and have her underbody
cleaned in preparation for the fourth
race with the American defender
Resolute tomorrow. The contest
yesterday in which the two sloops
went over the thirty mile course in
exactly the same elapsed time, has
added interest to the next race.
Captain Burton, Designer Nichol
son and Navigator Claude Hickman
of the Shamrock, were especially
"pleased with what they agree was a
wonderfully fine race yesterday even
if the challenger lost it on time al
lowance. "Resolute is a fine oat," said Mr.
Nicholson, "and Herreshoff has de
signed a craft that goes better to
windward than Shamrock. On the
run home before the wind yesterday
the sloops raced along beam to beam
as if they had been locked together.
It Svas a fine race even if we did lose
The race tomorrow will be over a
triangular course ten miles to a leg.
Shamrock is expected to force the
Resolute to the limit, as the legs -of.
the race will be reaches at which
point of sailing the Ljpton sloop has
shown to her best advantage.
PRIEST HELD IN
Meriden, July 22 Fire Chief John
F. Donovan, while marking crossing
lines at Main and Colony streets, this
forenoon, was struck by an automo
bile driven by the Rev. Francis Feeley
of New York City. He was thrown
against a lamp post and his left leg
fractured in two places. He was taken
to the hospital and Father Feeley or
dered to appear before court on Fri
day morning. With the clergyman
In the car was Miss Anna M. Mc
Carthy of 2 8 Park street. New Haven,
who owns the machine, and a Misa
McKeown of the same address.
Father Feeley did not have an op
erator's license, but Miss McCarthy
POLES FEAR REDS
AIM AT WARSAW
Warsaw, July 22 The menace to
the Polish capital is becoming serious
through the defeat of the left wing
of the Polish army. The battle front
runs 400 miles on a fairly straight line
north and south, and is about 125
miles east of Warsaw.
Since the attacks of the Bolshevik!
against Vilna on July 14, the Polish
left or northern wing has been com
pelled to hasten its retreat and the
T Bolshevik! have been following it with
a daily advance averaging 15 miles.
In three weeks the Poles have retjred
from the Beresina river to the Nie
man, a distanc of more than 188
man, a distance of more than 180
men and the Vistula, which follows
through Warsaw, is about ljjp miles.
Launceston, Tasmania, July. 21
The Prince of Wales arrived here to
day but was unable to reply to the
address of. welcome because of a
slierht attack of laryngitis. His
physician has forbidden him to us-;
1 Vi ' ti vrtif,.
woMENOFijudge Banks Says
Fairfield County Pledges
Against the Republi
can Party on Suffrage
Announced One Gift
of $1,000 is Withheld.
The following Republican women
of Fairfield County have signed the
pledge not to help the Republican
party until the SuffraE Amendment
Mrs. James iStokes, Ridgefield; Miss
Mary Olcott, Ridgefield; Mrs. John
Adams Thayer, Westport;
Stone Pmneo, Norwalk;
garet S. Wilson, Norwalk:
Brooks, Norwalk; Mrs.
Adams, Norwalk; Mrs. J.
burn, South Norwalk; Miss Louise B,
Bigelow, Newtown; Miss Alice C. Jul
son, Stratford; Mrs. Nellie M. Camp
bell, Stratford; Mrs. A. E. Kingsbury,
Bridgeport; Miss Edna Sohoyer,
Ridigefield; Miss Nellie J. Leslie,
Stratford; Miss Helen Louise Peck,
Stratford; Miss Katharine Barry
Langaettel, Westport; Miss Caroline
W. Lawrence, Glen'brook; Miss B.
Frances Phillips. Glenbrook.
Litchfield County Mrs. John L.
Buel, Litchfield; Mrs. Frank B.
O'Neill, Woodbury; Mrs. John C.
Brinsmade, Washington; Mrs. Lester
D. Brown, Lakeville; Mrs. C. E.
Hough, Washington; Mrs. H. L. Bis
sel, Litchfield: Miss E. W. Hartland.
New London county Mrs. George
Maynard Minor, Waterford; Mrs.
William Norton, Norwich; Mrs. Al
bert H Chase, Norwich; Miss Louise
B. Meech, Norwich; Mrs. H. W.
Jacques, Waterford; Mrs. Harry B.
Hunt, Niantic; Mrs. Arthur H. Myers,
A well known Republican, to show
his approval of the women's course,
has signified that he is withholding a
$1,000 contribution to the Republican
party until the Anthony amendment
has been ratified.
Mrs. George Maynard Minor of
Waterford, who was recently chosen
president-general of the National
D. A. R., and Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel
of Litchfield, leader of the Connecti
cut D. A. R., are among the signers
of the pledge. Wives of several mem
bers of the General Assembly are also
included in the number. By coun
ties some of the well known signers
President John C. Stanley of the
Boara of Police Commissioners, has
as yet prepared no statement in
answer to the allegation made yester
day afternoon by ex-Assistant Super
intendent Charles S. Suckley, in
which the former officer declared that
it was "a commissioner" and not "the
commissioners" who ordered him to
"get" Captain Edward O. Cronan.
Mr. Stanley said this morning that
he is preparing a statement, but it Is
not ready to be made public as yet.
The commissioner refused to com
ment on the situation. No definite
date has been fixed for a meeting of
the commissioners, but it is expected
that the Suckley matter will be taken
up at the first session of the board.
Suckley could not be located this
Governor Cox Coming
New Haven, July 22 Gov. James
M. Cox of Ohio, Democratic presiden
tial nominee, will ccme to New Haven
next month to attend the ratification
celebration now being planned by the
County Sheriffs' association, the local
Young Men's Democratic club and the
Gabrielle d'Annunzio Democratic club,
it was definitely announced last night.
Sheriff Thomas L. Reilly returned
yesterday from Columbus, O., where
he saw Gov. Cox and invited him to
the ratification meeting. The gover
nor, it is said, may make two trips
to New England, and probably will
come here about the middle of next
ONE LICENSE TODAY.
Only one marriage license had been
issued at the Bureau of Vital Statis
tics up to a late hour this morning.
The one license issued resulted in. a
hasty marriage. Andolffo Rubestuso,
42 years old, of 207 North Washing
ton avenue, took unto himself a bride
of the same age. Miss Helen Micolena,
of 90 North" Washington avenue. The
couple were married by Justice' of the
Peace Howard Dunbar who tied the
knot in his offlfce immediately after
tli. ""'nlo vsri ohta.inffd their-paper
UlUlUdULL I dLU
By Cityjs Void
Council Exceeded the Power Granted The Mo
tion to Dissolve the Injunction is Denied and
the Injunction is Continued in Force Until
the September Term of the Superior Court.
Judge John W. Banks in the superior court today de
cided that the city ordinance passed by the council, driv
ing the jitneys off the main streets, is void and he denied
the motion of the city that the injunction granted the jit
neymen restraining the city from enforcing the ordinance
He ordered that the injunction granted to the jitney
men be continued in force until the September term of the
The reason of his finding is that the council exceeded
the power given it when it passed the ordinance in that it
delegated to the police commissioners the power to license
and fix the traffic routes. He upholds the contention,
however, that the council has the right to fix traffic routes,
but holds that in this case it went beyond its powers.
The finding in full follows:
PARK CITY BUS ASSOCIATION, INC.
CITY OF BRIDGEPORT
July 22, 1920.
MEMORANDUM UPON MOTION TO DISSOLVE
The question here involved is that of the validity of an
ordinance adopted by the Common Couneil of the City of
Bridgeport on July 12th, 1920, amending an ordinance adopted
on June 23rd, 1919, dealing with the subject of the regulation
of the operation of public service motor vehicles in the City of
Bridgeport. Counsel for both parties have agreed upon the
facts, waived any technical question as to the right of the plain
tiff to maintain ihis action and have united in asking the Court
to pass upon the fundamental question involved in order that
it may be speedily determined as the important public inter
ests involved and the exigencies of the situation require.
The facts beingv undisputed the sole question to be deter
mined in this proceeding is one of law, to wit: .Whether the
ordinance is a valid exercise of the legislative powers of the
Common Council. The question submitted is one of munipal
power, not policy. With the latter the courts have nothing to
do. They cannot overthrow ordinances made by competent au
thority merely because in the opinion of the judges they are un
wise nor can they sustain ordinances made without authority
merely because they may approve of the result sought to be
accomplished. Neither are the courts concerned with the mo
tives of the city in adopting the ordinance.
The powers of a municipality are only such as are con
ferred upon it expressly or by necessary implication. The leg
islature may authorize it to exercise within its territorial limits
certain governmental powers of the state and when the local
legislature in strict pursuance of the authority given by statute
enacts ordinances these ordinances are operative as law by
force of the statute. The statute which specifically vests such
authority in this municipality is the City Charter. Section 53
I of the charter provides that
power to enact ordinances:
"Relative to the restraint of all kinds of animals and vehi
cles and street railway cars and the control of the same in
their use of the streets."
"Relative to hacks, carriages, carts, trucks and other ve
hicles and the places where they shall stand and the price for
the transportation of person and property therein." .
"Relative to licensing cartmen, truckmen, hackmen, butch
ers, bakers, petty grocers, hucksters or common victuallers,
under such restrictions and limitations as said Common Coun
cil may deem necessary and proper."
These charter previsions
powers to regulate traffic in
generally neia inai in tne ansenee oi special statutory restric
tion the municipality may enact valid ordinances regulating
the operation of jitneys and motor busses requiring them to
be specially licensed and to submit to various restrictions.
There is therefore no merit in the plaintiff's claim that the or
dinance is unconstitutional because of unfair discrimination in
the use of the public highways. Nor is the ordinance invalid
because it revokes the permits which have been issued under
the ordinance of June 23rd, 1919, since such permit is a mere
privilege or permission and is in no' sense a contract or prop
erty. Burgess v. Brocton, 126 N. E. 456
These charter provisions are not, however, controlling as
to. the validity of the ordinance in question since a later en
actment of the legislature deals directly with the subject and
the charter provisions in so far as they are inconsistent with
the later statute must give way to it.
Section 30 of Chapter 233 of the Public Acts of 1919 pro
hibits any municipality from adopting any ordinance respect
ing the regulation of motor vehicles except that any ordinance
CContinued on Page Eight)
the Common Council shall have
give the common council broad
the city streets and it has been
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