OCR Interpretation


Republican farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1810-1920, August 06, 1920, Image 6

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SIX
THE FARMER: FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1920
BIG JUMP Underwriters
IN TRAIN Departmen
RATES
Ticket to New York Un
der Increase Granted
Will Cost $2.16 While
the Fare to New Ha
ven Will Be 66 Ceijts
Over a Dollar Increase
to Boston.
The Increased rate of passenger
fare granted by the Interstate Com
merce Commission. will make quite a
hole in the Bridgeport pocketbook if
the same number of people travel as
take the trains now. The increase is
about 20 per cent, and the rate per
mile is advanced from three cents to
three and six-tenths cents.
The following table will give an
idea of what the Bridgeport travellers
must pay when the new fare goes
into effect: Old. New
New York $1.80 $2.16
Stamford 73 .88
Norwalk 48 .58
Milford -.. 24 .29
New Haven 55 .66
Hartford 1.74 2.09
Springfield 2.56 3.08
Worcester 4.31 5.18
'New London - 2.20 2.'64
Providence .. . .. 421 5.06
Boston ?64 6.77
MARKET UP ON
BUYING ORDERS
x FOR RAILROADS
Praise Local
As
Efficient
Interesting Figures and
Comments is Report
Made on Bridgeport's
Fire Protection.
Some Interesting facts concerning
Bridgeport and its Fire department
are contained in the report recently
issued by the National Board of Fire
Underwriters. In drawing up the
summary the report states that the
water supply is adequate and relia
ble; the fire flow is sufficient for the
congested value district and most high
value districts; the Fire department
is well equipped and efficient and the
fire alarm system mainlyV"eliable and
adequate.
In speaking of the water supply
which is owned by the Bridgeport
Hydraulic Company the following
conclusions are made in the report:
CONCLUSIONS.
New Tork, Aug. 2. Speculative and
investment sentiment was hotpefully
disposed at the outset of ibusiness on
the. stock exchange as a result of the
sweeping advances in railroad passen
ger and freight rates granted by the
I. C. C.
The news brought in a large volume
of buying orders from all over the
country which imparted considerable
activity to the initial dealings with
substantial improvement In all quar
ters of the list. Railroad shares of all
descriptions were absorbed on a stead
ily rising scale with the advances
ranging from 1 to 3 1-2 points.
.Representative dividend paying
stocks such as New York Central,
Northern Pacific, Reading, Great
Northern preferred, Southern Pacific
and r'nion Pacific made the most
headway but there were numerous
gains approximating two points in the
more speculative shores such as New
Haven, Pittsburgh and "Western, Rock
Island and St. Louis Southwestern
preferred. Bear operators showed lit
tle desire to contest the advance and
bought hastily to retire their commit
ments. The rise also reached formid
able proportions in many of the pop
ular specialties, including the motors,
paper, steel, oil and food shares. Bald
win. International Paper and Ameri
can Locomotive improved 2 1-2 points
each.
CHARTER OAK STAKE
RUN ON SEPTEMBER 9
Hartford, Conn., Aug. 2 The Con
necticut F;uir Association today an
nounced the program for the Grand
Circuit races at Charter Oak Park
the week of Labor Hay. September 6
to 10 inclusive. The purses, which
include the $10,000 Charter Oak
Stake for 2:12 trotters, to be decided
Thursday, September 9, aggregate
$39,000. There are twenty races on
the program, four events for each day
of "the meeting. Entries will close
August 23.
VICTIMS OF AUTO
CRASH IMPROVING
Putnam. Conn., Aug. 2 Martin
Wholoben. who was brought to the
hospital here yesterday with injuries
received in the collision of an auto
mobile with a. locomotive at the
Devil's Den crossing in Sterling, was
resting well today. Doubt is still held
as to his recovery. He has a frac
tured skull and broken bones. Henry
Filliger of Norwiehtown, another pa
tient, is not considered seriously hurt
although his injuries are very pain
ful. Mrs. Filliger died last night. The
others who were in the accident were
Mrs. Martin Wholohen and son Wal
ter, aged seven, of Taftvill.
LITCHFIELD HAS
A BIG PARADE
Litchfield. Conn.. Aug. 2 This
town, gay with color and observing
the second day of its bi-centenial,
gave itself over to enjoyment of a
military parade in the forenoon, and
additional historical and civic exer
cises in the afternoon. The chief
guest was Governor Marcus Holcomh
who With his staff arrived during the
morning and was received with hon
ors and escorted to the Playhouse by
the First and Second Companies of
the Governor's Foot Guards and the
Putnam Phafenx of Hartford.
The town was filled with guests
of the day from far and near who
saw1 the Guards not only in parade
but at drill on the green. Later Gov
ernor Holcomb, United States Senate!
Brandegee, Congressman James P.
Glynn and others, were entertained
at luncheon.
Organization.
The works, privately owned, are
ably managed by competent employes
of an efficient and progressive com
pany. Franchise requirements bear
ing on fire protection are vague. Rec
ords are reliable, complete and most
ly in convenient form.
Emergency Fire Service.
The failure to respond to alarms
would be the cause of considerable
delay in rendering assistance in case
of emergency.
Supply Works.
Sources developed provide for a
safe daily draft from gravity sources
in excess of the present require
ments and additional supply is pro
posed. The works are well construct
ed and maintained.
The gravity distributing reservoirs
are of large capacity, are in good
condition, and storage is well main
tained from supplemental reservoirs.
O , . - - ..
ouppiy i,cm eacn or the lour ordin
arily used is dependent upon single
long mains, of ample sizes for the
development and of combined capa
city to furnish domestic and fire sup
ply; if a break in the 48-inch main
from Hemlocks should occur at time
of maximum consumption the availa
ble fire flow would be somewhat less
than the required quantity.
Consumption.
The rate of consumption is unnec
essarily high, even considering the
large manufacturing use; relativeiy
few meters are in use. A low rate
would result in increased efficiency
of the system in maintaining good
service, deferring the time when ad
ditional supplies will have to be de
veloped, and providing larger supplies
for emergencies. Complete metering
would undoubtedly be effective and
should be adopted and enforced.
Pressures.
Pressures range from good to low
and are fairly well maintained; the
minimum pccurjng almost dailyjis ade
quate for reliable automatic sprinkler
supply in buildings of moderate
height.
Protect Ion.
Reasonable protection for the con
gested vplue district requires a fire
flow in excess of the maximum do
mestic consumption of at least lO.CHu
gallons per minutet the total quan
tity includes an allowance for losses
through broken connections and
hydrants left open incidental to large
fires, and the diFtritn tion rystem
should be capable of delivering the
quantity required in the district about
any block or group of buildings of
special hazard, with hydrants so located
as to deliver two-thirds the quantity
upon any large fire through hose
lines, none exceeding 600 feet in
length. The manufacturing districts
require from 5,000 to 8,000 gallons
per minute, and the minor mercan
tile and residential districts from 1500
to 4000 gallons per minute.
The results obtained from the fire
flow tests show that the arterial sys
tem is of anaple strength tp deliver
adequate quantities to the congested
value and most of the high-value dis
tricts, but local strengthening is re
quired in some localities.
Distribution System.
The arterial feeders are of ample
capacity and well arrcnged for con
centration of supply in the congest
ed value district, and supply a well
arranged system of secondary feed
ers covering, except in a few in
stances, all closely built sections. Min
or distributers are in general well
gridironed and supported. Although
considerable progress has been made
in the replacement of small mains.
there are several important sections
where the gridiron is of 4 and 6-inch
mains, and in some extremely long
blocks mains are of these smaller
sizes; a number of dead ends exist
which could be readily eliminated.
Pipe.
The cast-iron pipe is of ample
strength, properly tested before laid,
carefully installed and in good state
of preservation; carrying capacity is
high, as all not recently laid, except
some of the smaller sizes, have been
cleaned; some do not have sufficient
protecting cover.
Gate Valves.
Spacing is fair to poor and is wide
in many instances along the larger
mains and at intersections. Care and
condition gcod.
Hydrants.
Although many small hydrants
have been replaced and conditions
materially improved in the more im
portant districts, 15 per cent, of those
in service are of inferior size. Distri
bution is good in the high-valve sec
with the hose wagon was done in the
repair shop. Money is available for
the purchase of a pumping enghifc ifl
replace one stetimer, 7,500 feet of 2
1-2 inch hose, is ordered and $8,000
is to be spent for minor equipment.
The chief has recommended the
purchase of a ladder truck, a pump
ing engine and a hose wagon to be
placed in reserve, the purchase of
6,000 feet of 2 1-2-inch hose, and in
creasing the manual strength of out
lying companies. The city is contem
plating the erection of a modern re
pair slTbp in the vicinity of Engine
4 to handle the repairs of all city
equipment, to be under- the control of
the fire department.
Improvements already made com
ply with Recomendations 14 and 17
and partly with Recommendations 12
and 18 of the 1912 report.
Conclusions.
The fire department is a well or
ganized, strong and efficient force,
under supervision of a bi-partisan
board of fire commissioners nd di
rected by experienced officers; finan
cial support is liberal. Appointments
and promotions are properly proba
tionary for six months, but entrance
requirements are not sufficiently re
strictive and are not always adhered
to. A pension fund is provided but
there is no compulsory age limit sex
for retirement. The manual strength
of the department has been increased,
mainly on account of the installation
of additional companies and the two
platoon system; day strnegth is am
ple and night strength is only slight
ly deficient. Discipline is generally
good. Company drills are regularly
held, but no drill tower has been pro
vided and there is no systematic
course of drills. Distribution of com
panies is good, having been improved
in all sections by motorization an'
in outlying districts by the additional
engine and ladder companies; chemi
cal protection is excellent. Apparatus
is mostly new and in good condition.
Engine capacity is ample, and crews
are generally efficient. The supply of
2 inch hose is ample, well cared'
for and regularly tested; no :-inch
hose is, provided. Provisions for pro
viding fuel at stations and at fires
are fairly good. Minor equipment is
fairly complete but heavy stream ap
pliances are slightly inadequate. The
repair shop is well equipped and ef
ficiently managed, but the quarters
are cramped.
The response to box alarms is well
arranged and strong i.i most casei
but the response to telephone alarm's!
is often inadequate.
Fire methods are mainly good and
the prevention of water damage is
well understood; more use could he
made of heavy stream appliances on
serious fires, inspections of 'tuilding3
by the fire force and the fire pre
vention bureau are frequent, but re
sults are only fair. Reports and rec
ords are complete and kept in con
venient form.
The Firemen's Relief Fund is sup
ported by donations, a 2 per cent,
tax on members' salaries, and funds
from the city treasury if needed to
make up any deficiency. Members
contracting sickness or injury in the
service receives full pay. Widows and
dependent members of families also
receive pensions. The state compensa
tion act provides that $100 shall be
paid toward the funeral expenses of
deceased members, and the widow or
dependent mother shall receive from
$5 to $10 weekly for 312 weeks; the
continuous pension is hot operative
during this period. Twenty-two men
are between 50 and 55 years of age, 7
between 55 and 60 and one is over
60 years of age.
Companies Organization.
There are 10 engine, 2 ladder, 2
chemical, 1 combined ladder and
chemical and 2 combined engine and
ladder companies in service, at 13
stations. See Table 5. Each compajiy
has a captain and a lieutenant, and
each engine company an engineer and"
assistant engineer. Eight of the en
gine companies have automobile hose
wagons in addition to the pumping
engine carrying hose.
Maintenance.
The fire force, including the as
sistant chiefs, is divided into two
equal platoons. The platoons work 10
and 14 hours, changing twice a
month, at which time one platoon
works 24 hours. The platoon off duty
may be called when needed, must re
spond to all second or greater alarms
and give 1 day each month for in
spection purposes; the off platoon is
called by whistles. During .this inspec
tion -a heavy fall of snow made traf
fic conditions severe; both platoons
were in quarters for 2 consecutive
days and the response of the second
platoon at a second alarm fire -was
90 per cent, of full strength. Strength
of companies is low at night. No va
cations are given "under this system.
Men of equal rank are held to cover
vacancies in the relieving platoon.
Men must secure the permission of
the chief to leave town, and onh' a
limited number from any compa
or district may be absent at one ti
Distribution.
Two engine, one ladder and one
chemical company are located within
the congested value district; three ad
ditional engines are within the 1-2
mile and the entire department is
within 2 miles of this district. The
southwestern manufacturing district
is within 1 mile of four engine, one
chemical and two ladder companies.
Important sections have an engine
company within 1-2 mile and a lac
der within 3-4 mile. Residential .s
tricts are within 3-4 mile of an en
gine company and 1 1-4 miles of a
ladder company; chemical protection
sections. Distribution
ed since the last re-
condition; there is considerable mis-
bers of the uniformed force and ap
pointed in the same manner as other
members of the fire department.
Headquarters.
On the third floor of fire depart
ment headquarters, a three-story
building erected in 1906 and recon
structed into a fireproof building in
1916. It is exposed by adjoining
brick and metal-clad buildings and
by a garage and warehouse across
a 50-foot street. The exposed win
dows of the operating room have
wired glass in metal frames and the
windows of the battery room have
non-standard metal-clad shutters.
The doors to the operating room
are of metal, but are of little value
as fire stops; there are several open
stairways and light .wells in the
building. Chemical extinguishers and
sand buckets are provided in the op
erating room and the battery room.
Conclusions.
The system is of proper type, with
ample provision for growth, and with
generally well arranged and installed
central office equipment. The city is
to Jg commended for installing a sys
tem which includes- devices looking
toward adequacy and reliability, in
cluding duplicate circuits to fire sta
tions and the replacement of many
unsatisfactory features. The head
quarters building is fire-resistive, but
contains the usual hazards of a fire
station with automobile apparatus,
and the operating room is not prop
erly cut off. The daplicate transmit
ters and duplicate alarm circuits are
not properly connected and full use
is not made of the duplicate equip
ment. Batteries are of good type and
generally well cared for, but are in
only fairly good condition, due prob
ably to impure acid.
Boxes are in good condition; two
thirds are of satisfactory type and
the others have been rebuilt or im
proved; box distribution in important
districts is good, and is mainly good
elsewhere; a few groups of houses
lecently constructed are without fire
alarm service. Boxes are fairly con
spicuous by day; red lights have
been provided in some important
districts to indicate locatoins at
night. The circuits have been
rebuilt and two-thirds of the total is
underground, but much of the over
head wiring is on poles with high
tension circuits. The department tele
Phone system is adequate and well
installed, but the telephone company
does not co-operate fully in handling
alarms and telephone alarms are not
properly followed by :iotice over the
fire alarm telegraph system. Records
kept are good, but are incomplete.
As a whole, the fire alarm system
has been materially improved since
the previous report.
The Building Department, an im
portant branch of the fire depart--ment,
handles and supervises con
struction work and the use of all
inflamables, also electricity.
Organization. General.
The city charter creates a Board
of. Building Commissioners, consist
ing of three members, 'are appointed
each year by the Mayor for a three
yoar term. The board has charge of
building construction, plumbing and
examination of plumbers. It must
convene at least weekly, examine all
plans and specifications, grant per
mits and pass upon reports of build
ing inspector, etc. A building inspec
tor is appointed by this board for
three-year term; no qualifications are
prescribed. An assistant building in
spector is appointed by the Board
of Aldermen' for a like term and
must be a competent mason.
Personnel.
The present board consists of Wm.
Martin, President; Chas. H. Botsford
and Wm. McLennan, all of whom
are building contractors. Daniel M.
Rowland, Inspector, formerly a car
penter and builder, was appointed
in 1897; he is not experienced in
modern methods of construction.
There are also an assistant building
inspector, a plumbing inspector and
two clerks. Two automobiles are pro
vided for inspection purpose.
Conclusions.
The building laws have been much
improved since the previous report,
but are still deficient and-indefinite in
many of the more important features
bearing on fire prevention, leaving
much to the discretion of the au
thorities in control. The fireproof
limits are of mainly satisfactory ex
tends but the main or outer fire limits
fail to include important mercantile
and manufacturing sections, and the
requirement in both -are still waived
by the council. Construction from a
in e prevention standpoint is very
weak, and little improvement can be
expected until the building code ' is
further strengthened and impartially
enforced by a competent inspector.
Conclusions.
The storage, handling and sale of
explosives and inflammable sub
stances are only partly covered by
the ordinances, and the council has
reserved powers to grant exceptions.
reduce the probability hazard, but
owing to narrow streets and the fore
going adverse features to conflagra
tion hazard must still be rated as
severe.
In manufacturing districts, the
larger plants are mainly detached,
there are numerous automatic
sprinkler, equipments and much pri
vate protection, and the general,
hazard is slight.- In minor mercan-I
tile districts, areas are mainly small
and heights low and only group fires
are probable. There are three con
gested centers in tenement districts
where the conflagration hazard is
high and increasing, especially in the
MADE 25 MILLION
IN RAW MATERIAL
London, Aug. 2 Lord Inverfprtb,
formerly Surveyor General of Sup
plies in the British War Office, by
world-wide purchases of raw ma
terials on behalf of the government
was able - to turn into the British
treasury on March 31 last $25,000,000
representing profits on all transactions
lower East Side district. Residential I since 1914, according to his report
to the Ministry of
anaJw
n-reTi tr
tions. but extremely poor in some j 'adder company;
closely built districts and outlying jf good in all se
residential sections. Hydrants are has been irn?f.0T;e
HANLY BODY TAKEN
TO INDIANAPOLIS
Denison, O., Aug. 2. The. body of J.
Frank Hanly. former governor of In
diana, who was killed near here yes
terday when a freight train struck his
automobile, was taken to Indianapolis
today by E. Harry Miller, a friend of
the family.
This Is cherry blossem time In
Japan. The parks and streets are
t.llrl Jra-tefl with cherry .trees.
the Fire De
5 Th part as
use.
The next topic is on
partment proper and i
follows:
llliCEXT AND RECOMMENDED
IMPROVEMENTS.
Since theNational Board report of
1912. the manual strength has 'in
creased by 92, the apparatus has
been completely motorized, 3 new
stations erected, 1 additional engine
and 2 combined engine and ladder
companies placed in service. Appar
atus purchase includes: 9 pumping
engines, 4 ladder trucks, automobile
tractors for 1 steamer and 2 ladder
trucks, 8 automobile chasses for hose
wagons, 5 chiefs' cars and 4 utility
trucks.
uMcb, of -the- work., in connsctWn
gine and 2 ladder companies in out
lying districts and by equipping all
companies with motor apparatus.
The follo-vfcing is a part of a detailed
explanation of the fire alarm system:
Organization.
The following is a part of a detailed
explanation of the fire alarm system:
The fire alarm system is a par: of
the fire department under" the super
vision of the fire commissioners, and
is in charge of Superintendent of
Fire Alarm and Police Signalling
Systems, A. E. Piatt, who joined the
fire department in 19 00, was made a
lineman in 1905, assistant superin
tendent in 1913, and superintendent
in 1916. The firs alarm force con
sists of an assistant superintendent,
two linemen, six operators and one
repair man, an increase of five since
the 1912 report; all-men are mem-
inch powers are freely exercised fo
the endangerment of neighborine:
property. The fire department and
fire prevention bureau make frequent
inspections, but, owing to lack of
public interest and proper under
standing of many common, hazards,
conditions are far from satisfactory.
In the congested valued district num
erous hazards conditions incident to
rubbish, bon-fires and explosive and
inflammable substances ; were noted.
Conclusions.
The city, up to the present time,
has exercised no control over inside
wiring, and the inspections by the
underwriters are ineffective and of
slight extent. Much of the old and
new inside wiring is in dangerous
condition, and the need of competent
supervision with frequent reinspec
tiohs is very apparent. The ''appoint
ment of the electrical inspector and
the proposed ordinance is a com
mendable feature and the strict en
forcement of the National Electrical
Code should, in time, bring about a
betterment of conditions; the electri
cal inspector has had limited exper
ience. Wires are partly underground
in the congested value district; but
therein and elsewhere serious ob-1
structions occur, and there are many
wires on buildings.
Conclusions.
In the congested value district, the
general inferior construction, many
large to excessive areas and several
conflagration breeders make serious
fires possible in nearly every block.
The increased number of sprinkler
equipments, strong fire department
and ample water suEBly -material!
districts consist of brick and frame
dwellings, largely with shingle roofs
and presenting the usual flying-brand
hazard.
The adoption of the following rec
ommendations is urgent:
That a drill tower and school be es
tablished, where all members of the
department, including probationers,
shall be trained in the use of tools
and appliances, the cruicik handling of
hose, salvage work and life saving",
structor, who shall ha Kent to w
drills to be in charge of a competent
instructor, who shall toe sent to some
school to obtain experience in ap
proved methods.
That response to telephone and still
alarms for fires in buildings be the
same as to the corresponding box.
That telephone alarms be verified
over the fire alarm system by send
ing out the. nearest box number after
the closest company has been notified
by telephone.
That the building code be amended
to conform to modern requirements
for construction and fire prevention
as given in the 'National Board build
ing code, especially as to improved
tyipes of construction, limitations of
heights and areas, thickness of walls,
and protection to openings in roofs,
floors and external and internal walls.
That more rig-id inspections be made
by the members of the fire depart
ment, with the view of correcting
present hazardous conditions as to
ruibtoish, bonfires and storage of in
fiammalble substances.
That the National Electrical Code
be made a part of the proposed ordi
nance es the standard for all electric
work; that the proposed electrical ae
partment be placed tinder the sirper
vision of a suitatoly qualified electri
cian, with sufficient help to make in
spections of all inside and outside
work; that a complete inspection of
old equipments be made at an early
date, defeats corrected and thereafter
reinsipections made at regular inter
vals. That owners of existing defectively
constructed buildings, which are so
located as to form conflagration areas,
be required to suitably protect roof,
party wall and exposed window open
ings. That automatic sprinkler equip
ments, with outside Siamese hose con
nections and controlling valve near
main in street, toe required in all
buildings which, by reason of their
size, construction or occupancy, sin
gly or combined, might act as conflag
ration breeders.
Prevention. i
"Much can be accomplished toward
the protection of persons who come
in contact with Rhus vines, and also
in preventing or lessening tat disas
trous effects following exposure. Toxic
plants can usually be handled with
impunity if rubber gloves are worn,
provided none of the dust or irritat
ing material comes in contact with
the body."
"One of the surest and best meth
ods of individual prophylaxis is the
use of soap and hot water. It has
been found that the Rhus poison af
ter being deposited upon the skin
requires a certain time for penetra
tion, and if this penetration can be
prevented, irritating and the result
ing eruption will not occur. Hot water
and soap act mechanically, and if
judiciously used constitute by far not
only the most serviceable preventive
but also one of the best curative
agents which we at present possess."
This' may be followed by bathing
with salt water or a solution made
by dissolving one teaspoonful of boric
acid in a glass of hot water, apply
ing when it is cool. A paste made
from bi-carbonate of soda and water
will often alleviate the trouble. "As
previously mentioned, the soap-and-water
treatment is distinctively cura
tive in those cases where all of the
poison has not penetrated."
Methods of Eradication.
(1) The most rapid and effective
method of dealing with isolated
clumps of poison ivy is simply to
grub them out, taking care to remove
thoroughly the running rootstocits,
which if left in the ground would
soon produce another crop of plants.
(2) Kerosene has been recommend
ed by the U. S. Forest Service to be
used where injury to other plants is
of no consequence. It should not be
used near other valuable vegetation.
The usefullness of the soil so treated
is not long impaired and other plants
grow again within a year after the
soil Is treated with kerosene.
(3) Arsenite of soda can also be
used but it is poisonous and has the
disad'an-tage of being injurious to
small trees and vegetation and may
render land useless for a prolonged
period. One or two pounds of sodium
arsenite to 10 gallons of water is
the solution used.
(4) A hot brine solution is also ef
fective, using 3 pounds of salt per
gallon o4 water. This must he repeat
ed several times during the summer.
recently made
Munitions.
While the profits were large, Sir
Arthur Goldfinch, Director General of
raw materials points out that the
economic benefits were far greater.
The raw materials obtained were
largely used in the manufacture of
military equipment was a direct sav
ing estimated at more than $500,000,
000. The purchases were of wool,
hides, leather, flax, hemp and similar
iziateriaJa.
Insurance, generously taken out,
served to more than make up losses
from submarine warfare, it was stat
ed. The record of Lord Inverforth's
activities is in contrast with results
obtained by similar departments in
other Allied countries. Among the
purchases were nearly 24,000,000
pounds of American sole leather and
82,000,000 feet of American upper
leather.
Included in the chief items of tex
tile and leather equipment for the
army and navy, air force and other
branches of the public service and for
the Allies from August 4, 1914 to
March 31, 1919 were: 61,899,626 pairs
of boots; 81,538,000 yards of cotton
drill; 60,917,00 yards of khaki; 16,
259,000 ground sheets; 1,186,000,000
sand bags; 49, 508,669 blankets, 23,
776,345 jackets; 164,314,787 pairs of
socks and 20,190,810 pairs of woolen
gloves.
Contracts made with British man
ufacturers for the goods afforded
them a larger profit than they made
for similar work in pre-war days, it
I was said, and served to speed up pro-
U UCUU11.
DEMANDING
MONEY OF
PONZI
Statement By His Publicity
Agent That He Was
Hopelessly Insolvent
Causes An other -Bun.
Boston, Aug. 2 The Securities Ex
change company headed ty Charle3
Ponzi, whose alleged operations in
foreign exchange are being investi
gated by U. S. Attorney Daniel J.
Oallagher and Attorney General J.
Weston Allen of Massachusetts, con
tinued today, the payment of notes to
those investors who presented their
claims. The line of claimants await
ing attention was still in evidence
with no indications of a sudden re
newal of the desire to cash the notes
Ponzi had issued.
While his clerks were meeting
these demands Ponzi issued a state
ment denying a published article by
William H. McMasters, his former
publicity agent, in which McMasters
asserted Ponzi was hopelessly insol
vent and was paying out money to
some depositors at the 'expense of
others.
"I have twice as much money as
will be needed," said Ponzi, "to meet
any obligations that may be presented
to me," and added that McMasters
never was in a position to learn his
employer's financial standing or
methods of operating his business.
K. OF C, CONVENTION
OPENS AT NEW YORK
New Tork, Aug. 2. Delegates ar
rived in large numlbers today to attend
the opening session tomorrow of the
38th annual convention of the Knights
of Columbus. Representatives from 14
states were already here.
The soiipreme -board of directors to
day considered a request of Joseph T.
Doyle of Shanghai that the work of
the order be extended to China. Bus
iness sessions will begin tomorrow
morning aifter ce-letb nation of solemn
pontifical mass in St Patrick's Ca
thedral by Archbishop Ponzano, papal
delegate to Washington.
ARMY FINANCE
DIRECTOR GONE
Chicago, Aug. 2 Lieut. James
Donald Nolan, Director of Finances
of the Central department of the
United States army has mysteriously
disappeared and auditors who are
checking his accounts have found a
discrepancy amounting to $4,000, ac
cording to an announcement. The
shortage may amount to many thou
sands of 'dollars.
Eucharistic League
in Five-Year Meet
Philadelphia, Aug. 2. iVfore than 500
bishops, monsignors and priests are
in Philadelphia today attending the
34th annual conve.ntion of the Priests'
Eucharistic League, a society of Cath
olic clergy, whose purpose is to pro
mote devotion to Jesus Christ and the
Holy Eucharist. The clergymen are
from all the dioceses east of the Mis
sissippi. In keeping with the purpose of the
league, the sessions will toe confined
strictly to religious matters. They will
continue all of this week. Every fifth
year a national congress is held.
WHOLESALE PRICES
OP BEEF DROPPING
Chicago, Aug. 2 - The wholesale
price of beef fier.linei throughout the
East an average of 10 to 15 per cent,
between June 2 6 and July 24, the
American Institute of Meat Packers
announced today. The decline in the
cheaper cuts was greater thsji in the
better grades, due to a heavy demand
for choice meats. ,
RUMANIA GIVES
REDS ULTIMATUM
"Vienna, Aug. 2 (By the A. P.)
Rumania has served an -ultimatum
upon Soviet Russia, giving the. Soviets
three days to withdraw their troops
from Rumanian territory, according
I to a Belgrade despatch received hete
today.
NEXT PRESIDENT
GET $25,000
TO
LESS
Washington, July 31 The next
President of the United States stands
to lose more than one-third of his
$75,000 salary by the payment of an
income tax.
When the existing Revenue Act
was made effective the President, Jus
tices of the Supreme Court and aff
other Federal judges were required
to pay the regular income tax just like
ordinary citizens. The rate in the
case of t $75,000 salary was fixed at
36 per cent., and the amount would
run just above $27,000. Much doubt
was expressed at the time regarding
the constitutionality of this provision,
and the feature relating to Federal
officials was eliminated.
When the Supreme Court passed
on thep rovision, the opinion was con
strued as holding that the salary of
no President or Federal judge could
be included in his taxable income.
The interpretation of the highest
court's conclusions was passed along
to the Attorney-General, and Acting.
Attorney General Frierson construes
the decision of the Supreme Court to
mean that only a President and Fed
eral judges holding office prior to the
enactment of the Revenue Law are
exempt. Notice was given yesterday
by the Internal Revenue Bureau that
the opinion of the Attorney General
will be followed in the collection of
income taxes.
Persons who have become 'intoxi
cated three times yearly will have
their photographs posted in saloons
and police stations, according to leg
islations passed by tbe aenate and
lower house of ParMuay!
CONSTRUCT PART
OF SEA BOTTOM
New
section animal
York, July SI. A two-inch
of sea-bottom with its tiny
and plant life magnified 15,-
000 times, hase been reproauceel an
glass and wax at the American mu
seum of Natural History here.
It is called the Bryozoan group,
taking its name from the minute sea
animals popularly called sea-mats and
sea-mosses, that it depicts.
Their -'shell are encrusted on sea
weeds, pebbles and the shell of lar
ger animals, and are said to he ex
tremely beautifnul in their intricate
form and coloring. The "plumed
worm" with its gay colors and other
strange microscopic creatures, of
which the average person seldom
dreams, complete the group.
TALKING CLOCK AND ITS INVENTOR
Takes Jurisdiction
Over Postal Company
Washington, Aug. 2. By an order
issued today the Interstate Commerce
Commission assumed jurisdiction over
the Mackay Companies, known as the
Postal Companies, and the tommer-
ical Cable Company, and ordered them
to file annual reports ibegmning with
.1917 and to make full statements of
their books and records. The Mackay
Companies had iprevlously refused to
make reports to the commission or
-KjVn-igh tvi-ii- recoKds Cor InaDBCtjon.
rMy mi ii " nrn-n r -rnrr'Tir"- -Trr-
. ------
Philadelphia's famous "Talking Clock" with Joseph Pinto, who with
his father, Vincente Pinto, invented it. The clock can strike the' hours
but turning a handle causes it to spe ak them. A g-h.'waosraP110
mates this possible. At 6 a. m. it ca lis: "Time to get up. It's six o'cloesf
and at 11 P- m. a stern voice anno unces: "Time to go home, young:
man. It's 11 o'clock, and messages can be delivered at any hour of tha
day.
(CJXJ&TJ

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