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THE FAEMEE: FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 1920
TO TAKE PLACE IN LEAGUE Franklin D. Roosevelt So Says in His Speech of Acceptance Reply to the Addressing of Notification by Homer S. Cummings at Hyde Park Today League of Nations the issue. Hyde Park, W. T., Aug. 9 Hyde Park, ordinarily a sleepy, picturesque Hudson valley village, awoke today to And itself the Democratic mecca of the East with the rank and file of the party unable to find hotel accommo- the most honored nation on earth, but datlons either here or in Poughkeep- I it had won the affection of struggling sle pouring into the town at daybreak humanity everywhere and ward In a manner truly democratic, representative and American. No member of our party can quarrel with the results of the convention; and there is not one truthful observer who will challenge the fairness of its de liberations, the justness of its pro ceedings, -or the legitimate character of Its conclusions. The candidates of the San Francisco convention emerged from the deliberations of that body as the free choice of a united party, bear ing no taint upon their title to leader ship, honor and respect. The Repub lican party, since 1912, has been the party of obstructive criticism. It has made a specialty of fault findings. In peace, in war and in our relations with other countries, the. settled pur pose of Republican leadership has been to make trouble, irrespective of the merits of any problem involved. It has persistently sought to increase irritation and discontent rathar than to allay them. From every element of discord, and even of sedition, it has sought to draw some resuKant of par tisan advantage. Its purpose has been and still is, repudiation and retreat. "The Democratic party, since 1912, has been the party of constructive progress. During the brief period be fore the outbreak of the Great War, our program of progressive legisla tion was carried practically to com pletion an undying record of honor. During the war, every problem of statecraft was successfully met and every essential question bearing upon the conduct of hostilities was rightly solved. When the contest closed and the armistice was signed, America was not only the most powerful and to attend the notification ceremonies of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Like the notification ceremonies of the three other major candidates 1 there was an "old home week" atmos phere about the day's festivities. Mr. Roosevelt, who arrived here last evening from Dayton, arose early to assist In preparations to receive a crowd of 10,000 persons expected at Sprlngwood, the Roosevelt ancestral estate, where the ceremonies are to be held. They are not scheduled to start until 3 o'clock this afternoon. There was no mistaking the fact that this was "Frank Roosevelt's Day." Pictures of the candidate and his chief were posted conspicuously about the town, while flags and bunt ing: gave a holiday atmosphere to the main streets. Former navy men re gardless of political affiliation, turned out in full force "as did the local lodges of Masons, Odd Fellows and the Grange, to which Mr. Roosevelt belongs. Weather conditions ideal. I A pretty natural setting has been provided for the exercises. The Roosevelt home stands on a broad terrace several hundred feet aibove the Hudson and is flanked by spacious lawns and beautiful trees. Mr. Roose velt will speak from the front ver anda. The official notification com mittee headed by Homer S. Cummings will occuipy seats on the veranda and on the lawn directly In front of it and the rest of the audience will stand be hind them. The program was not expected to take more than an hour. It will be gin with the singing of the national anthem, followed by the invocation by the Rev. Fdward P. Newton, pas tor of St. James' Episcopal church, which the Roosevelt family attends. Henry Morgenthau. Jr., chairman of the local committee on arrangements, will then introduce George White, Democratic National Chairman, who In turn will prer-ent Mr. Cummings. Mr. Roosevelt responding to Mr. Cum mige' address, will then deliver his formal ftpech of acceptance. The ex- was the unchallenged leader of the world. This is not the statement of exagger ation. It is the calm recital of indis putable fact. Who will deny that upon the signing of the armistice our country held the material and moral leadership of the world? Who will deny that our title to that leadership has been grievously impaired, if not completely lost? Who will deny that the disinterestedness of our country, wVtlcVi ws fivprvn-hATp acknowledged. i nnw sprimifllv nuestioned even bv ! cnfii thooo whn tnrmfriv trusted us? Who ! fort on th armaments and live, as the Orient used to live, a hermit nation, dream ing of the past; or, we must open our eyes and see that modern civiliza tion has become so complex and the lives of civilized men so interwoven with the lives of other men in other countries to make it impossible to be in this world and not of it. We must see that it is impossible to avoid except by monastic seclusion those honorable and intimate foreign rela tions which the fearful-hearted shud deringly miscall by that Devil's catchword "International Complica tions." As for our home problem, we have been awakened by this war into a startled realization of the archaic shortcomings of our governmental machinery and of the need for the kind of re-organization which only a clear thinking business man, exper ienced in the technicalities of gov ernmental procedure can carry out. Such a man we have. One who has so successfully reformed the business management of his own great state is obviously capabl of doing greater things. This is no time to experi ment with men who believe that their party can do no wrong and that what is good for the selfish in terests of a political party is of ne cessity good for the nation as well. I as a citizen believe that this year we should choose as President a proved executive. We need to do things; not to talk about them. Much has been said of late about good Americanism. It is right that it should have been said, and it is right that every chance should be siezed to repeat the basic truths un derlying our prosperity and our na tional existence itself. Eut it would be an unusual and much to be wish ed for thing if in the coming pre sentation of the issues a new note of fairness and generosity could be struck. littleness, meanness, false hood, extreme partizanship these are not in accord with American .spirit. I like to think that in this respect also we are moving forward. Let us be definite. We have pass ed through a great war an armed which called forth every ef part of the whole popu will denv that there has been a falling . lation. 1 he war was won by RepuO avvav from the high faith with which i licans as weli as by Democrats. Men wo mniluctnl th a-reat enteror'se ! of all parties served in our armed which but yesterday engaged our I forces. Men and women of all par Rverv thousrht and brought the hopes ! ties served the government at home. of the world so close to complete real- They strived honestly as Americans izatlon? ( not as mere partisans. Republi- "What has happened to account for cans and Democrats alike worked in this lowering of the national morale administrative positions, raised Lib- and the forfeiture of the place of : erty Loans, administered food control honor which had been won by Araeri- i toiled in munition plants, buIR ships. can arms and American statesman- wereiship? The answer is not fa- to seek. Practicallv coincident with the publi cation of the armistice came the news that the Republican party had been successful in the Congressional elec tions In 1918. From that moment. American progress stopped, partisan ship took possession of public affairs, and Republican leaders became more interested in political success than in national honor. The results were im mediate and disastrous. "International complications of a perplexing and sinister character re newed their challenge to the state craft of the world. Threatening dis turbances went on unabated. Every enemy of society, of peace or of civil ization took quick advantage of the fatal period of hesitancy. American commfKe which ought to have been seeking every port in the world, was unable to develop adequate trade channels or find a settled basis for development. All the processes of na tional life were Impaired, and there v.-,-s ;i gradual accumulation of domes tic problems Which have not been ad Jusied and which cannot be satisfac torily dealt with until our relationship to the rest of the world has been de- splendidj. hope of days of peace for "And upon the horizon, war clouds have gathered again. There has not an hour since the November ;tion,9 of IMS during which the J. ...ill .... ...ill-. innnT nMnn l,v the Rev. David P. Mnrley. pastor of i tmi.ned the Reglna Coeli Catholic church here, and the singing Of America. 'been hta first camiign tour on S eines- American people have not paid a stag X which will ertn penalty for the Republican trl list three weeks will take him to thejl,mPh, "f thnf Pacific coast and back with addresses scheduled In 15 different mates in IT working days. In his speech of notification Homer B. Cummings said: "Mr. Roosevelt : There has grownup iu national politics the delightful and informative custom of notifying candi dates for President and Vice Prcsl- ! dent of their respective nominations j through the formal action of commit- j tees appointed for that purpose. The j Democratic National Convention, ! which was recently in session flt San ! Francisco, unanimously selected you j as the Democratic candidate for Vice j Presld'ent and designated the commit - j tee which you see before you, to con- I vey to you officially the tidings of the II fill IU Hon and the desire or tne con vention that you should accept it. This aotlon. therefore, affords the Democ racy of the Nation an opportunity to express the satisfaction which it feels In the result of its diliberations and the high respect and personal affec tion in which you are held by Demo crats everywhere. "I cannot refrain from commenting year. We hive now passed through two years of domestic and international chaos. There is but one way out. There is but one clear path of duty. It is to redeem Amer ica's word to tfte world and to as sume, without hesitation, our share of the task of rehabilitating the broken structure of civilization. When we have once more gained our own self respect, wo. shall win back the respect of the world. Its trust, its faith and the priceless treasure which comes from the knowledge that we intend to keep faith with our Allies and pro pose to do our part in extending jus tice throughout the world. The Dem ocratic party is unconqueraible in its hold upon the truth that America be longs to the world and cannot serve herself while breaking faith with oth ers. "Such is our cause and such our purpose. That you will hold high the standard we piaee in your hands, we do not for one. moment doubt. We pledge you the whole-hearted support of the united Democracy of the na tion in this great undertaking to the leadership of which you and our dis tinguished candidate for the Presi- ! denoy have been dedicated. upon thte differences, so easily notice atlons of the two major national con- j Mr. Cummings and Ladies and Gen ventions. The Chicago platform was tlemen of the Committee: the result of a ser:es of carefully ca.- i j arcept the nomination for the office of Vice President with humble- culated compromises. Timidity ana cunning are its essentia! characteris tics. It ofCej-3 no remedy for the evils of which it complains and it seems to be the product of men who have lived for many years in the blind stupor of moral negation. Following the adop tion of such a platform, those who had taken charge of the work of the con tention, proceeded to the business of nominations. Here again the process of compromise was adopted, compli , , ! it was bv charges and coun ter-charges of an embarrassing char- j acter relative to the imr roper and ex cessiveuseof pre-conventlon campaign funds. The candidate ultimately oho- sen was not in ract trio onoice oi anv considerable number of the delegates. Every candidate before the conven tion who had shown any evidence of popular support was rejected by method well understood by the in itiated; and the choice ultimately fell on one who. in the prophetic language of his present campaign manager, was elected as a result of a conference r,.M -n the early hours of tne morn- - ness and with a deep wish to give to I our beloved country the best that is ! in me. No one could receive a high er privilege or opportunity than to be i thus associated with men and ideals j which I am confident will soon re j ccive the support of the majority of our citizens. In fact, I could not conscientiously t accept it. if I had not come to know by the closest intimacy that he who is our selection for the Presidency, and who Is my chief and yours, is a man possessed of ideals which are also mine. He will give to America that kind of leadership which will make us respect him and bring fur ther greatness to our lead. In lames M. Cox I recognize one who can lead this nation forward in an unhalting march of progress. Two great problems will confront the next administration; our relations with the world and the pressing need of organized progress at home. The latter includes a systematized and of the war was brought to a success ful conclusion by a glorious common effort--one which in the years to come will be a national pride. I feel very certain that our children will come to regard our participation as mem orable for the broad honor and hon esty which, marked it, for the absence of unfortunate scandal, and for the splendid unity of action which ex tended to every position of the na tion. It would, therefore, not only serve little purpose, but would con- for miil to our high standards if any person should in the hea; of politl cal rivalry seek to manufacture pa litical advantage out of a nationally conducted struggle. We have seen things on too large a scale to listen in this day to trilles, or to believe in the adequacy oT trifling men. It is that same vision of the bisger outlook of national and individual life which will, I am sure, lead us to demand that the men who repre sent us in the affairs of our govern ment shall be more than politicians or the errand boys of politicians -that they Bhail s ibordinate always the individual ambition a.nd the pariy ad vantage to the national good. In the long run the true statesman and the honestly forward looking party will prevail. Even as the Nation entered the war for an ideal, j so it has emerged from the war with the determination that the ideal shall not die. It is idle to pretend that the War Declara tion of April 6th, 1917. was a mere act of self-defense, or that the object of our participation was solely to de feat the military power of the Cen tral Nations of Europe. We knew them as a Nation, even as wre know today, that success on land and sea could be but half a victory. The cither half is not won yet. To the cry of the French at Verdun: "They shall not pass":the cheer of-our own men in the Argonne: "They shall go through" we must add this, "It shall not occur again." This is the posi tive declaration of our wills; that the world shall be saved from a repeti tion of this crime. To this end the democratic party offers a Treaty of Peace, which, to make it a real treaty for a real peace must include a League of Nations; because this peace treaty, if our best and bravest are not to have died in vain, must be no thinly disguised armistice de vised by cynical statesmen to mask their preparations for a renewal of greed-inspired conquests later on. "Peace" must mean peace that will last. A practical, workable, perma nent, enforcible kind of a peace that will hold as tightly as the business contracts of the individual. We must indeed be. above all things, business like and practical in this peace treaty making business of ours. The League of Nations is a practical solution of a practical situation. It is no more perfect than our original Constitution, which has been amend ed 18 times and will soon we hope be amended the 19th, was perfect. It is not anti-National, it is anti-war. No super-nation, binding us to the decisions of its tribunals is suggest ed, but the method and machinery by which the opinion of civilization may become effective against those who seek war is at leas,t within the reach oi numanity. lnrougn it we mav future generations,' a peace by Reso lution of Congress is an insult and a denial of Our nations: purpose. Today we are offered a seat at the table of the family of nations to the end that smaller peoples may be truly safe to work out their own destiny, to the end that the sword shall not follow on the heels of the merchant, to the end that the burden of in creasing armies and navies shall be lifted from the shoulders of a world already staggering under the weight of taxation. We shall take that place. I say so because I have faith faith that this nation has no selfish destiny, faith that our people are looking in to the years beyond for better things. and that they are not afraid to do their part. The fundamental outlook on the associations between this Republic and the other Nations can never be very different in character from the principles which one applies to our own purely internal affairs. A man who opposes concrete reforms and improvements in International rela tions is of necessity a reactionary, or at least a conservative in viewing his home problems. We can well rejoice in our great land, in our great citizenship brought hither out of many kindreds and tongues, but to fulfill our true destiny we must be glad also for the oppor tunity for greater service. So much calls to us for action, and the need is so pressing that the slacker of peace is a greater menace than the slacker of war. Progress will come not through the talkers, but through the doers. It is for this reason that I am es pecially happy in the pledges given in the platform of the Democratic party. That document is definite. It is a solemn pledge that, given the authority, our party will accomplish clear aims. Among the most pressing of these national needs I place the bettering of our citizenship, the extension of teaching to over 5,000,000 of our pop ulation above the age of ten who are illiterate, the strengthening of our immigration laws to exclude the phy sically and morally unfit, the improve ment of working conditions especially in the congested centers, the exten sion of communication to make ru ral life more attractive, the further protection of child life and of wom en in industry. All of these demand action. If we raise the standard of education, of physical fitness, of moral sense, the generations to come will have no difficulty in coping with the problems of material economics. So also with regard to the further development of our natural resources we offer a constructive and definite objective. We begin to appreciate that as a nation we have been waste ful of our opportunities. We need not merely thrift by saving, but thrift by the proper use of what we have at hand. Our efforts in the past have been scattered. It is now time to un der take a well considered co-ordinated plan of development, so that each year will see progress along de finite lines. The days of "pork bar rel" legislation are over. Every dol lar of our expenditures for port fa cilities, for inland waterways, for flood control, for the reclamation of swamp and arid lands, for highways, for public buildings, shall be expend ed only by trained men in accordance with a continuing pSan. The golden rule of the true pub lic servant is to give to his work the same or even higher interest and ef ficiency that he would give to his private affairs. There is no reason why the effectiveness of the National Government should not at least ap proximate that of well conducted pri vate business. Today this is not the case. I may be pardoned if I draw on my experience of over seven years in an administrative position to state unequivocally that the governmental machinery requires reorganization. The system, especially since the war, has become antiquated. No mere budget system, much as we need that, will correct the faults. First of all the methods of the leg islative branch of the National gov ernment, especially in the upper House requires drastic changes. It is safe to say that the procedure of the Congress has progressed less with the times than in any other business body in the country. Tet it is upon the Congress that every executive de partment must wait. Appeals to the House and Senate in the last session fell on apparently deaf ears. in the administrative branch also great changes must take place. The functions 'of the departments should be redistributed along common-sense lines and methods provided to stan dardize and prevent duplication of ef fort. Further, it is high time that government employment be placed upon a proper level. Under trite safe guard of civil service the salaries must approximate those paid in pri vate employ. Today we are faced with the fact that the majority of the most efficient government em ployes leave the service when they are becoming most valuable. The less useful remain. .Many millions of dol lars could be saved to the taxpavers by reclassification of trie service," by the payment of adequate compensa tion and by the rigid elimination of those who fail to measure up to a high standard. All of this also has been called to the attention of the present Congress without result, and Congress only can authorize the remedy. It is a particular pleasure to know that if we are sustained by the peo ple in the election, the country will have as its chief executive a man who has already amply established his reputation as a successful administra tor by the reorganization of the bns- lu memoes of a great state. He is Some people have been saying of late: "We are tired of progress, we want to go back to where we were before, to go about our own busi ness, is to restore "normal' condi tions." They are wrong. This is not the wish of America. We can never go back. The "good old days" are gone past forever; we have no re grets. In this faith I am strengthen ed by the firm belief that the women "t" this nation, now about to receive the National franchise, will throw their weight into the scale of pro gress and will be unbound by parti san prejudices and a too narrow out look on national problems. We can not anchor our ship of state in this world tempest, nor can we return to the placid, harbour of long years ago. We must go forward -or founder. America's opportunity is at hand. We can lead the world by a great ex ample, we can prove this nation a living, growing thing, with policies that are adequate to new eonditions. In a thousand ways this is our hour of test. The Democratic Drneram 'offers a larger life for our country. a richer destiny for our people. It is a plan of hope. In these chiefly let it be our aim to build up, not to tear down. Our opposition is to the things which once existed, in order that they may never return. We oppose money in politics, we oppose the private control of national finan ces, we oppose the treating of human beings as commodities, we oppose the saloon-bossed city, we oppose starvation wages, we oppose rule by groups or cliques. In the same way' we oppose a mere period of coma in our national life. A greater America is our objec tive. Definite and continuing study shall be made of our industrial, fiscal and social problems. Definite and continuing action shall be left to emo tional caprice or the opportunism of any groups of men. We need a co operation of the ablest and the wis est heads in the land, irrespective of their politics. So we shall grow sanely, humanly, honorably, happily conscious at the end that we handed on to those that follow us the knowl edge that we have not allowed to grow dim the light of the American spirit brought hither three hundred years ago by the Pilgrim Fathers. The coming years are laden with significance and much will depend on the immediate decision of America. This is the time when men and wom en must determine for themselves wherein our future lie. I look to it for progress. In the establishment of good will and mutual help among na tions, in the ending of wars and the miseries that wars bring, in the ex tension of honorable commerce, in the international settlement which wil make it unnecessary to send again two million of our men acros the sea. I look to our future for progress; in better citizenship, in less waste, in fairer remnueration for our labor, in more efficient governing, in higher standards of living. To this future, I dedicate myself willing, whatever may be the choice .of the people, to continue to help as best as I am able. It is the faith which is in me that makes me very certain that America will choose the path of progress and set aside the doctrines of despair, the whisperings of cowardice, the narrow road to yes terday. May the Guiding Spirit of our land keep our feet on the broad road that leads to a better tomor row and give to us strength to carry on. REDS CUT THROUGH AGAIN P O 1 i s h Government Flees Warsaw Brit ish Workmen Threat en a General Strike If England Wars on Sov iet London Newspa pers Assume a Gloomy Tone. ' HAYS ASKS HOLCOMB TO CALL SESSION National Republican Chair man Asks the Governor to Act on Suffrage. The Bolsheviki have resum ed their advance against War saw cutting through the Polish lines at different points while the Polish government is flee ing the capital. English and French military leaders are conferring on mili tary plans to aid Poland, the French army to be used and the British navy to blockade Russia. Workingmen in England threaten a general shutdown of industries if England wars with the Soviet while the Lon don 'newspapers take a very gloomy tone. One of them says England may be forced to capitulate to the "Soviet as she cannot advance without disas ter and cannot retreat without dishonor. FLEEING FROM WARSAW. London, Aug. 9. The Polish govern ment is leaving Warsaw, its caipital, it is asserted in a wireless despatjeh from Moscow received here this afternoon. THIS CITY WILL BE NAMED Democratic State Com mittee With the Wo REDS BREAK THROUGH. Warsaw, Aug. 9 Przasnysz, a erty about 41 miles directly north of War saw, has been captured by Bolshevik cavalry, whiph is sweeping in broad lines westward along the Prussian frontier, according to an official state ment issued here tonight. Smaller detachments are approaching Mlaya, about nine miles further west, and some have been repented near Oie chanow, still nearer this city. This is one of the most rapid strides the Soviet forces have made since they crossed the Orzyc river in their push designed to cut the Warsaw-Danzig railway. Soviet forces striking westward from Brest Litovsk in their great en circling movement, have cut through the Polish lines and crossed the raib-oaB running between Sokolow and Siedlce. They reached a point west of Sokolow but were there coumter -attacked and violent fighting is proceeding, the statement declares. In this counter attack the Poles have taken some prisoners. Bitter fighting is reported north east of Warsaw where several vil lages have changed hands a number of times, but the enemy has made no gains. Rozan, about three miles southwest of Ostrolenka, was taken by ithe Bolsheviki yesterday, but now is in the hands of the Poles. There is heavy fighting along the Bug river from Drohivzyn to Wlodzimier- Zwo- ( lyn. where the Bolsheviki are being held. In the fighting along the southern front the Poles have, in general, the advantage. with nearly every other duly eonsti- 1 an enSlneer-statesman. The task be rv ri.- wenrv men niuuuu x iaw in . i " "-- w. ...... . " ' Chicago hotel. It cannot for a mo- I sources and a progressive betterment men', oe mnoosed that a nomination. ' of our citizenship. These matters futizrv r"-:er aucii circumstatices, I will require the guiding hand of a evoke any popular ro-jponse. .f resident wno can see nis country could and. Indeed, it failed to create any enthusiasm even In the registering convention itself. "The proceedings at Sin Francisco were of another sort. Every debat able question was settled upon the onen noor oi tne convention above his Party, and who, having a clear vision of things as they are, has also the independence, courage and skill to guide us along the road to things as they should be without swerving one footstep at the dicta tion of narrow partisans who whisper group had a full hearing: every right- i "Party" or of selfish interests that ful interest was ralthfully presented. The platform, expressive of the best thought of America and an earnest purpose to retrieve the world leader ship which our country has lost, was adopted amid great enthusiasm; and the selection of candidates for Pres ident and Vice President went for- murmur Profits In our world problems we must either shut our eyes, sell our newiy built me .-chant marina to more far seeing foreign powers, crush utterly by embargo and harassing legislation our foreign trade, close our ports and .build an impregnable wall of costly tuted government in the whole world throw our moral force and our po tential power into the scale of peace. That such an object should be con trary to American policy is unthink able; but if there be an' citizen who has honest fears that it may he per verted from its plain intent so as to conflict with our established form of government, it will be simple to declare to him and to the other na tions that the Constitution of the United Stales is in every way su preme. TViere must be no equivoca tion, no -vagueness, no doubt dealing with the people on this issue. The League will not die. An idea does not die which meets the call of the hearts of our mothers. So too, with peace. War may be "declared," peace cannot. It must bo es;ablished by mutual consent, by a meeting of the minds of the par ties in interest. From the practical point of view alone a peace by Reso lution of Congress is unworkable. From the point of view or the mil lions of splendid Americans who served in that whirlwind of war, and of those other millions at home who British Workers Protest tirnion Auer. 9 Rritish workmen men Alternates vill i held meetings In many of the manu- tacturmg towns oi tne country today, notably at Liverepool, Glasgow, Man chester, Nottingham and London and protested against a war to help Po land. A feature of the London meet ing was the presence of several re presentatives of organizations of for mer soldiers. A general strike in all the principal organized industries was advocated in resolutions passed at several meetings. Hartford, Aug. 9 Up to midday today Governor Holcomb, who spent the week-end at his home in South ingtn, had not received the letter addressed to him by Will H. Hays, chairman of the National Republican committee, urging him to call a special session of the Connecticut general assembly to act on the suf frage amendment. No statement was, therefore, to be had from his ex cellency. Mr. Hays' first declaration, to the governor is: "Your cause and that of the Re publican party are one. This states a proved fact in a few words." He . then relates action on suffrage taken by the recent national convention and says: "Individually and collectively the effort of Republicans has been to se cure the ratification of the suffrage amendment," For himself he adds: "Personally let me say that I am sympathetic with it." Mr. Hays asserts that the suffrage question is not a party question and "a special legislative session is a smail price to pay for a clearer po litical atmosphere." As a further argument for imme diate action in Connecticut he says: teiieve tne Tmencan woman from the necessity of claiming her constitutional right and her sister from the fancied necessity of oppos ing the claim and you will liberate a body of public opinion upon the cam. paign and its issues which will prove itself to be one of our greatest na tional assets." In taking definite issue with the governor, who says no emergency ex ists, Mr. Hays says: "I do not agree that so great an issue should be settled only after a fresh legislative electflon. Wisely or unwisely the question whether ratifi cation of a proposed amendment should be submitted to the state leg islatures or to popular conventions composed of delegates elected upon that issue, has been by the constitu tion of the United States vested in congress and not in the states. "If, therefore, it is not for state authorities to submit the pending question to popular vote, no valid reason can be suggested for refusing to summon a legislature in special ses sion unless it is executive disagree ment wiiith the anticipated action of that body. But this, I respectfully suggest, is not a consideration by which authorities in any state should be moved. The test of the existence of the emergency which justifies a summons to the legislature, is not mere executive disapproval of the ac tion which the tegislative assembly will probably take. The test is whether or not the national welfare requires the prompt elimination of disturbing issue "and the determina tion of a great question of citizenship before a pivotal election instead of after it. "I refrain from advancing the usu al arguments in behalf of suffrage. I leave entirely out of consideration the partisan advantage or disadvant age which ratification miight entail. "I urge ratification first in the hope of thereby clearing the political atmosphere; second, in the belief that i the suppression of effective opinion works harm to the whole body po litic and, finally in the conviction that we owe immediate action as a meas ure of simple justice to American woen." Meet At Savin -Rock Tomorrow to 'Choose Place and Date for State Convention. ... -.o.t.iuiia.1 government - can also be assisted by a sympathetic co operation between the executive ,i the legislative branches, alid in this wuiiv partisanship must not enter. consideration or the needs of the country and th conduct nr affairs like to dwell particularly on that part of Lincoln's immortal phrase which speaks of "Government for the People." Service on the part of men and women in the government is not enough; it must be nnss!ft, I service, it must be service with suf ficient breadth of view to include the needs and conditions of every kind of citiztn, of every section of the land. Such a body of workers would make impossible a return to the con ditions of twenty years ago when men m .ne nails of Congress and in the executive branches almost openly re presented special interests or con sidered the obtaining of appropria tions for their own localities as of more weight than the welfare of the United States as a whole. Suoti a spirit of unselfishness would prevent also the formation of cliques or ole garchies in thjs Senate for the re- Bridgeport will be the scene of the Democratic State convention early in September unless the efforts of the large delegation of Bridgeport Demo, crats who will attend the meeting of the State Central committee at the Colonade, Savin Rock, tomorrow, goes for naught. The delegation will include the three State Committeemen from this city, John A. Cornell, Hugh J. Lav ery and William P. Corr. The Women's Auxiliary Committee which the State Convention in June authorized will be present and the women of the State will take part in preliminary convention work for the first time in the history of the State. The Bridgeport committee men have not appointed their women as sociates' as yet but it is expected that they will be named at the meeting tomorrow. The convention will be held either in the Casino or Eagles hall if it is decided to hold it in this city and it will probably be called for Septem ber 9 and 10. No Republican convention has ever been held in Bridgeport but a Demo cratic convention was held here in 1S9S. NO WAR ON RUSSIA. Hythe, England, Aug. 9 When Pre iers Millerand and Lloyd George met again this morning in continuation of their conference here over the Russo Polish situation they had befoi ; them the detailed report of Marshal Foch amd Field Marshal Wilson dealing with the extent of the military naval and economical assistance which France and England can give imme diately to Poland. Having decided that actual war shall not be waged on Russia, the pre miers are confronted with a most dif ficultp roblem. It is known they are inclined to give Poland every aid within the limit of this decision In ARCHBISHOP MA XXIX FORCIBLY REMOVED FROM STEAMER BALTIC Penzance, Eng., Aug. 9 Arch bishop Mannix was landed here from a destroyer at 4:15 o'clock this af ternoon. Jt was stated he intended proceeding to London. Queenstown, Aug. 9 According to a report here Archbishop Mannix was forcibly taken from the steamer Bal tic by the destroyer Wivera, which did not return to port with the other destroyers which met the Baltic off Queenstown. London, Aug. 9 Dispatches from Queenstown showed that the Baltic stopped off that place at midnight last night with an escort of destroy ers and it was widely believed that the prelate was removed from the steamer at that time. London Gloomy London, Aug. 9 A deep note of anxiety pervades comment in today's newspapers relative to rejection by the Russian Soviet government of Premier Lloyd George's request for a ten day truce with Poland. Regard- both French and British circles here, less of the views adopted by different MYRTLE BEACH MEN PAY FINES Milofrd, Aug. 9. Changed with the a.Ues:e;d sale of LUjuor for the secord time within a week, John J. O'Unen, proprietor of the Island View Hotel, Myrtle Beach, and John Fellows, bar tender, were fined $75 each in the Mil- ford court this morning. They were arrested last night on the charge of selling liquor without a license. They were arrested on the same Charge last week, but forfeited their bonds of $300. CAMP STILL OPEN. saw, in our part of the connict. fce tar ding of public busine Contrary to previous reports the Board of Recreation camp at Stee plechase Island did not close on Sat urday night. The vacation place will be open until September 5. This present week win be known as boys waX. however, the word "defensive" is em phasized in connection with all the proposed plans, and it is pointed out that France and England want it distinctly understood that they are not contemplating offensive measures against Russia. Tie conference considering their report today was expected to last un til early afternoon. The optimism of the British, which was manifest before the conference began yesterday had given way today to a feeling of extreme uneasiness and it was reported that the British pre mier himself was greatly disturbed over the new developments in the Russo-Polish situation. TO BLOCKAKE RUSSIA. London, Aug. 9. Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, chief of the Imperial staff of the British army; Admiral Baron Beatty, commander of the grand fleet, and Marshal Foch con ferred at Hythe relative to the Polish situation until an early hour this morning, according to a Central News despatch. It is learned that the allied naval and military exiperts are in complete accord regarding plans for checking the westward advance of the Russian Bolsheviki, it is said. There is a possibility immediate na val modulation will be ordered to en- newspapers on tne general question of Bolshevism and on the immedia-.e relations between Russia and Poland concern is reflected by all. Renewal of war in Eurooe is gen erally considered a possibilRy and is treated in gravest terms. It is not regarded as inevitable but on one ventures to strike an optimistic note. "A very dark hour" is the Times editorial headline. "Is it war?" asks the Daily News, and the Telegraph declares: "The situation holds the gravest peril which has menaced Europe since the Germans marched into Belgium." The attitude of British workers is given much consideration by several journals. The Daily News denounc ed "the irreconcilability of France a settlement with Russia," and de clares: "If the decision rested with Great Britain there would be peace with Russia in a fortnight." In any case, the newspaper is convinced worker of all ranks in Great Britain will re fuse to lift a finger and will strike,, if so criminal an enterprise as war against Russia is attempted." "The situation," the Morning Post aeciares, na. l" ' " ...j ...... . buu. the allies wijl be in a position where it is impossible to advance without disaster, or retreat without dishonor. 1 may be humiliating for Great Bri- that France will co-operate In this tain to capitulate but it Is to be made movement. impossible for her to fight."