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Republican farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1810-1920, August 13, 1920, Image 4

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Franklin D. Roosevelt
So Says in His Speech
of Acceptance Reply
to the Addressing of
Notification by Homer
S. Cummings at Hyde
Park Today League
of Nations the issue.
Hyde Park, W. T., Aug. 9 Hyde
Park, ordinarily a sleepy, picturesque
Hudson valley village, awoke today to
And itself the Democratic mecca of
the East with the rank and file of the
party unable to find hotel accommo- the most honored nation on earth, but
datlons either here or in Poughkeep- I it had won the affection of struggling
sle pouring into the town at daybreak humanity everywhere and
ward In a manner truly democratic,
representative and American. No
member of our party can quarrel with
the results of the convention; and
there is not one truthful observer who
will challenge the fairness of its de
liberations, the justness of its pro
ceedings, -or the legitimate character
of Its conclusions. The candidates of
the San Francisco convention emerged
from the deliberations of that body as
the free choice of a united party, bear
ing no taint upon their title to leader
ship, honor and respect. The Repub
lican party, since 1912, has been the
party of obstructive criticism. It has
made a specialty of fault findings. In
peace, in war and in our relations
with other countries, the. settled pur
pose of Republican leadership has
been to make trouble, irrespective of
the merits of any problem involved.
It has persistently sought to increase
irritation and discontent rathar than
to allay them. From every element
of discord, and even of sedition, it has
sought to draw some resuKant of par
tisan advantage. Its purpose has been
and still is, repudiation and retreat.
"The Democratic party, since 1912,
has been the party of constructive
progress. During the brief period be
fore the outbreak of the Great War,
our program of progressive legisla
tion was carried practically to com
pletion an undying record of honor.
During the war, every problem of
statecraft was successfully met and
every essential question bearing upon
the conduct of hostilities was rightly
solved. When the contest closed and
the armistice was signed, America
was not only the most powerful and
to attend the notification ceremonies
of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Like the notification ceremonies of
the three other major candidates
1 there was an "old home week" atmos
phere about the day's festivities.
Mr. Roosevelt, who arrived here
last evening from Dayton, arose early
to assist In preparations to receive a
crowd of 10,000 persons expected at
Sprlngwood, the Roosevelt ancestral
estate, where the ceremonies are to be
held. They are not scheduled to start
until 3 o'clock this afternoon.
There was no mistaking the fact
that this was "Frank Roosevelt's
Day." Pictures of the candidate and
his chief were posted conspicuously
about the town, while flags and bunt
ing: gave a holiday atmosphere to the
main streets. Former navy men re
gardless of political affiliation, turned
out in full force "as did the local
lodges of Masons, Odd Fellows and
the Grange, to which Mr. Roosevelt
belongs. Weather conditions
ideal. I
A pretty natural setting has been
provided for the exercises.
The Roosevelt home stands on a broad
terrace several hundred feet aibove
the Hudson and is flanked by spacious
lawns and beautiful trees. Mr. Roose
velt will speak from the front ver
anda. The official notification com
mittee headed by Homer S. Cummings
will occuipy seats on the veranda and
on the lawn directly In front of it and
the rest of the audience will stand be
hind them.
The program was not expected to
take more than an hour. It will be
gin with the singing of the national
anthem, followed by the invocation
by the Rev. Fdward P. Newton, pas
tor of St. James' Episcopal church,
which the Roosevelt family attends.
Henry Morgenthau. Jr., chairman of
the local committee on arrangements,
will then introduce George White,
Democratic National Chairman, who
In turn will prer-ent Mr. Cummings.
Mr. Roosevelt responding to Mr. Cum
mige' address, will then deliver his
formal ftpech of acceptance. The ex-
was the
unchallenged leader of the world.
This is not the statement of exagger
ation. It is the calm recital of indis
putable fact. Who will deny that
upon the signing of the armistice our
country held the material and moral
leadership of the world? Who will
deny that our title to that leadership
has been grievously impaired, if not
completely lost? Who will deny that
the disinterestedness of our country,
wVtlcVi ws fivprvn-hATp acknowledged.
i nnw sprimifllv nuestioned even bv ! cnfii
thooo whn tnrmfriv trusted us? Who ! fort on th
armaments and live, as the Orient
used to live, a hermit nation, dream
ing of the past; or, we must open
our eyes and see that modern civiliza
tion has become so complex and the
lives of civilized men so interwoven
with the lives of other men in other
countries to make it impossible to
be in this world and not of it. We
must see that it is impossible to avoid
except by monastic seclusion those
honorable and intimate foreign rela
tions which the fearful-hearted shud
deringly miscall by that Devil's
catchword "International Complica
tions." As for our home problem, we have
been awakened by this war into a
startled realization of the archaic
shortcomings of our governmental
machinery and of the need for the
kind of re-organization which only a
clear thinking business man, exper
ienced in the technicalities of gov
ernmental procedure can carry out.
Such a man we have. One who has
so successfully reformed the business
management of his own great state
is obviously capabl of doing greater
things. This is no time to experi
ment with men who believe that
their party can do no wrong and
that what is good for the selfish in
terests of a political party is of ne
cessity good for the nation as well.
I as a citizen believe that this year
we should choose as President a
proved executive. We need to do
things; not to talk about them.
Much has been said of late about
good Americanism. It is right that
it should have been said, and it is
right that every chance should be
siezed to repeat the basic truths un
derlying our prosperity and our na
tional existence itself. Eut it would
be an unusual and much to be wish
ed for thing if in the coming pre
sentation of the issues a new note
of fairness and generosity could be
struck. littleness, meanness, false
hood, extreme partizanship these are
not in accord with American .spirit.
I like to think that in this respect
also we are moving forward.
Let us be definite. We have pass
ed through a great war an armed
which called forth every ef
part of the whole popu
will denv that there has been a falling . lation. 1 he war was won by RepuO
avvav from the high faith with which i licans as weli as by Democrats. Men
wo mniluctnl th a-reat enteror'se ! of all parties served in our armed
which but yesterday engaged our I forces. Men and women of all par
Rverv thousrht and brought the hopes ! ties served the government at home.
of the world so close to complete real- They strived honestly as Americans
izatlon? ( not as mere partisans. Republi-
"What has happened to account for cans and Democrats alike worked in
this lowering of the national morale administrative positions, raised Lib-
and the forfeiture of the place of : erty Loans, administered food control
honor which had been won by Araeri- i toiled in munition plants, buIR ships.
can arms and American statesman-
wereiship? The answer is not fa- to seek.
Practicallv coincident with the publi
cation of the armistice came the news
that the Republican party had been
successful in the Congressional elec
tions In 1918. From that moment.
American progress stopped, partisan
ship took possession of public affairs,
and Republican leaders became more
interested in political success than in
national honor. The results were im
mediate and disastrous.
"International complications of a
perplexing and sinister character re
newed their challenge to the state
craft of the world. Threatening dis
turbances went on unabated. Every
enemy of society, of peace or of civil
ization took quick advantage of the
fatal period of hesitancy. American
commfKe which ought to have been
seeking every port in the world, was
unable to develop adequate trade
channels or find a settled basis for
development. All the processes of na
tional life were Impaired, and there
v.-,-s ;i gradual accumulation of domes
tic problems Which have not been ad
Jusied and which cannot be satisfac
torily dealt with until our relationship
to the rest of the world has been de-
splendidj. hope of days of peace for
"And upon the horizon, war clouds
have gathered again. There has not
an hour since the November
;tion,9 of IMS during which the
J. ...ill .... ...ill-. innnT nMnn l,v
the Rev. David P. Mnrley. pastor of i tmi.ned
the Reglna Coeli Catholic church here,
and the singing Of America. 'been
hta first camiign tour on S eines- American people have not paid a stag
X which will ertn penalty for the Republican trl
list three weeks will take him to thejl,mPh, "f thnf
Pacific coast and back with addresses
scheduled In 15 different mates in IT
working days.
In his speech of notification Homer
B. Cummings said:
"Mr. Roosevelt : There has grownup
iu national politics the delightful and
informative custom of notifying candi
dates for President and Vice Prcsl- !
dent of their respective nominations j
through the formal action of commit- j
tees appointed for that purpose. The j
Democratic National Convention, !
which was recently in session flt San !
Francisco, unanimously selected you j
as the Democratic candidate for Vice j
Presld'ent and designated the commit - j
tee which you see before you, to con- I
vey to you officially the tidings of the
II fill IU Hon and the desire or tne con
vention that you should accept it. This
aotlon. therefore, affords the Democ
racy of the Nation an opportunity to
express the satisfaction which it feels
In the result of its diliberations and
the high respect and personal affec
tion in which you are held by Demo
crats everywhere.
"I cannot refrain from commenting
year. We hive now
passed through two years of domestic
and international chaos. There is but
one way out. There is but one clear
path of duty. It is to redeem Amer
ica's word to tfte world and to as
sume, without hesitation, our share of
the task of rehabilitating the broken
structure of civilization. When we
have once more gained our own self
respect, wo. shall win back the respect
of the world. Its trust, its faith and
the priceless treasure which comes
from the knowledge that we intend to
keep faith with our Allies and pro
pose to do our part in extending jus
tice throughout the world. The Dem
ocratic party is unconqueraible in its
hold upon the truth that America be
longs to the world and cannot serve
herself while breaking faith with oth
ers. "Such is our cause and such our
purpose. That you will hold high the
standard we piaee in your hands, we
do not for one. moment doubt. We
pledge you the whole-hearted support
of the united Democracy of the na
tion in this great undertaking to the
leadership of which you and our dis
tinguished candidate for the Presi-
! denoy have been dedicated.
upon thte differences, so easily notice
atlons of the two major national con- j Mr. Cummings and Ladies and Gen
ventions. The Chicago platform was tlemen of the Committee:
the result of a ser:es of carefully ca.- i j arcept the nomination for the
office of Vice President with humble-
culated compromises. Timidity ana
cunning are its essentia! characteris
tics. It ofCej-3 no remedy for the evils
of which it complains and it seems to
be the product of men who have lived
for many years in the blind stupor of
moral negation. Following the adop
tion of such a platform, those who had
taken charge of the work of the con
tention, proceeded to the business of
nominations. Here again the process
of compromise was adopted, compli
, , ! it was bv charges and coun
ter-charges of an embarrassing char- j
acter relative to the imr roper and ex
cessiveuseof pre-conventlon campaign
funds. The candidate ultimately oho-
sen was not in ract trio onoice oi anv
considerable number of the delegates.
Every candidate before the conven
tion who had shown any evidence of
popular support was rejected by
method well understood by the in
itiated; and the choice ultimately fell
on one who. in the prophetic language
of his present campaign manager, was
elected as a result of a conference
r,.M -n the early hours of tne morn-
- ness and with a deep wish to give to
I our beloved country the best that is
! in me. No one could receive a high
er privilege or opportunity than to be
i thus associated with men and ideals
j which I am confident will soon re
j ccive the support of the majority of
our citizens.
In fact, I could not conscientiously
t accept it. if I had not come to know
by the closest intimacy that he who
is our selection for the Presidency,
and who Is my chief and yours, is a
man possessed of ideals which are
also mine. He will give to America
that kind of leadership which will
make us respect him and bring fur
ther greatness to our lead. In
lames M. Cox I recognize one who
can lead this nation forward in an
unhalting march of progress.
Two great problems will confront
the next administration; our relations
with the world and the pressing need
of organized progress at home. The
latter includes a systematized and
the war was brought to a success
ful conclusion by a glorious common
effort--one which in the years to come
will be a national pride. I feel very
certain that our children will come
to regard our participation as mem
orable for the broad honor and hon
esty which, marked it, for the absence
of unfortunate scandal, and for the
splendid unity of action which ex
tended to every position of the na
tion. It would, therefore, not only
serve little purpose, but would con-
for miil to our high standards if any
person should in the hea; of politl
cal rivalry seek to manufacture pa
litical advantage out of a nationally
conducted struggle. We have seen
things on too large a scale to listen
in this day to trilles, or to believe
in the adequacy oT trifling men.
It is that same vision of the bisger
outlook of national and individual
life which will, I am sure, lead us
to demand that the men who repre
sent us in the affairs of our govern
ment shall be more than politicians
or the errand boys of politicians -that
they Bhail s ibordinate always the
individual ambition a.nd the pariy ad
vantage to the national good. In
the long run the true statesman and
the honestly forward looking party
will prevail.
Even as the Nation entered the
war for an ideal, j so it has emerged
from the war with the determination
that the ideal shall not die. It is
idle to pretend that the War Declara
tion of April 6th, 1917. was a mere
act of self-defense, or that the object
of our participation was solely to de
feat the military power of the Cen
tral Nations of Europe. We knew
them as a Nation, even as wre know
today, that success on land and sea
could be but half a victory. The
cither half is not won yet. To the
cry of the French at Verdun: "They
shall not pass":the cheer of-our own
men in the Argonne: "They shall go
through" we must add this, "It shall
not occur again." This is the posi
tive declaration of our wills; that the
world shall be saved from a repeti
tion of this crime. To this end the
democratic party offers a Treaty of
Peace, which, to make it a real treaty
for a real peace must include a
League of Nations; because this
peace treaty, if our best and bravest
are not to have died in vain, must
be no thinly disguised armistice de
vised by cynical statesmen to mask
their preparations for a renewal of
greed-inspired conquests later on.
"Peace" must mean peace that will
last. A practical, workable, perma
nent, enforcible kind of a peace that
will hold as tightly as the business
contracts of the individual. We
must indeed be. above all things,
business like and practical in this
peace treaty making business of ours.
The League of Nations is a practical
solution of a practical situation. It
is no more perfect than our original
Constitution, which has been amend
ed 18 times and will soon we hope
be amended the 19th, was perfect. It
is not anti-National, it is anti-war.
No super-nation, binding us to the
decisions of its tribunals is suggest
ed, but the method and machinery by
which the opinion of civilization may
become effective against those who
seek war is at leas,t within the reach
oi numanity. lnrougn it we mav
future generations,' a peace by Reso
lution of Congress is an insult and a
denial of Our nations: purpose.
Today we are offered a seat at the
table of the family of nations to the
end that smaller peoples may be truly
safe to work out their own destiny,
to the end that the sword shall not
follow on the heels of the merchant,
to the end that the burden of in
creasing armies and navies shall be
lifted from the shoulders of a world
already staggering under the weight
of taxation. We shall take that place.
I say so because I have faith faith
that this nation has no selfish destiny,
faith that our people are looking in
to the years beyond for better things.
and that they are not afraid to do
their part.
The fundamental outlook on the
associations between this Republic
and the other Nations can never be
very different in character from the
principles which one applies to our
own purely internal affairs. A man
who opposes concrete reforms and
improvements in International rela
tions is of necessity a reactionary, or
at least a conservative in viewing
his home problems.
We can well rejoice in our great
land, in our great citizenship brought
hither out of many kindreds and
tongues, but to fulfill our true destiny
we must be glad also for the oppor
tunity for greater service. So much
calls to us for action, and the need
is so pressing that the slacker of
peace is a greater menace than the
slacker of war. Progress will come
not through the talkers, but through
the doers.
It is for this reason that I am es
pecially happy in the pledges given
in the platform of the Democratic
party. That document is definite. It
is a solemn pledge that, given the
authority, our party will accomplish
clear aims.
Among the most pressing of these
national needs I place the bettering
of our citizenship, the extension of
teaching to over 5,000,000 of our pop
ulation above the age of ten who are
illiterate, the strengthening of our
immigration laws to exclude the phy
sically and morally unfit, the improve
ment of working conditions especially
in the congested centers, the exten
sion of communication to make ru
ral life more attractive, the further
protection of child life and of wom
en in industry. All of these demand
action. If we raise the standard of
education, of physical fitness, of
moral sense, the generations to come
will have no difficulty in coping with
the problems of material economics.
So also with regard to the further
development of our natural resources
we offer a constructive and definite
objective. We begin to appreciate
that as a nation we have been waste
ful of our opportunities. We need not
merely thrift by saving, but thrift by
the proper use of what we have at
hand. Our efforts in the past have
been scattered. It is now time to un
der take a well considered co-ordinated
plan of development, so that
each year will see progress along de
finite lines. The days of "pork bar
rel" legislation are over. Every dol
lar of our expenditures for port fa
cilities, for inland waterways, for
flood control, for the reclamation of
swamp and arid lands, for highways,
for public buildings, shall be expend
ed only by trained men in accordance
with a continuing pSan.
The golden rule of the true pub
lic servant is to give to his work the
same or even higher interest and ef
ficiency that he would give to his
private affairs. There is no reason
why the effectiveness of the National
Government should not at least ap
proximate that of well conducted pri
vate business. Today this is not the
case. I may be pardoned if I draw
on my experience of over seven years
in an administrative position to state
unequivocally that the governmental
machinery requires reorganization.
The system, especially since the war,
has become antiquated. No mere
budget system, much as we need that,
will correct the faults.
First of all the methods of the leg
islative branch of the National gov
ernment, especially in the upper
House requires drastic changes. It
is safe to say that the procedure of
the Congress has progressed less with
the times than in any other business
body in the country. Tet it is upon
the Congress that every executive de
partment must wait. Appeals to the
House and Senate in the last session
fell on apparently deaf ears.
in the administrative branch also
great changes must take place. The
functions 'of the departments should
be redistributed along common-sense
lines and methods provided to stan
dardize and prevent duplication of ef
fort. Further, it is high time that
government employment be placed
upon a proper level. Under trite safe
guard of civil service the salaries
must approximate those paid in pri
vate employ. Today we are faced
with the fact that the majority of
the most efficient government em
ployes leave the service when they
are becoming most valuable. The less
useful remain. .Many millions of dol
lars could be saved to the taxpavers
by reclassification of trie service," by
the payment of adequate compensa
tion and by the rigid elimination of
those who fail to measure up to a
high standard. All of this also has
been called to the attention of the
present Congress without result, and
Congress only can authorize the
It is a particular pleasure to know
that if we are sustained by the peo
ple in the election, the country will
have as its chief executive a man
who has already amply established his
reputation as a successful administra
tor by the reorganization of the bns-
lu memoes of a great state. He is
Some people have been saying of
late: "We are tired of progress, we
want to go back to where we were
before, to go about our own busi
ness, is to restore "normal' condi
tions." They are wrong. This is not
the wish of America. We can never
go back. The "good old days" are
gone past forever; we have no re
grets. In this faith I am strengthen
ed by the firm belief that the women
"t" this nation, now about to receive
the National franchise, will throw
their weight into the scale of pro
gress and will be unbound by parti
san prejudices and a too narrow out
look on national problems. We can
not anchor our ship of state in this
world tempest, nor can we return to
the placid, harbour of long years ago.
We must go forward -or founder.
America's opportunity is at hand.
We can lead the world by a great ex
ample, we can prove this nation a
living, growing thing, with policies
that are adequate to new eonditions.
In a thousand ways this is our hour
of test. The Democratic Drneram
'offers a larger life for our country.
a richer destiny for our people. It is
a plan of hope. In these chiefly let
it be our aim to build up, not to tear
down. Our opposition is to the
things which once existed, in order
that they may never return. We
oppose money in politics, we oppose
the private control of national finan
ces, we oppose the treating of human
beings as commodities, we oppose
the saloon-bossed city, we oppose
starvation wages, we oppose rule by
groups or cliques. In the same way'
we oppose a mere period of coma in
our national life.
A greater America is our objec
tive. Definite and continuing study
shall be made of our industrial, fiscal
and social problems. Definite and
continuing action shall be left to emo
tional caprice or the opportunism of
any groups of men. We need a co
operation of the ablest and the wis
est heads in the land, irrespective of
their politics. So we shall grow
sanely, humanly, honorably, happily
conscious at the end that we handed
on to those that follow us the knowl
edge that we have not allowed to
grow dim the light of the American
spirit brought hither three hundred
years ago by the Pilgrim Fathers.
The coming years are laden with
significance and much will depend on
the immediate decision of America.
This is the time when men and wom
en must determine for themselves
wherein our future lie. I look to it
for progress. In the establishment of
good will and mutual help among na
tions, in the ending of wars and the
miseries that wars bring, in the ex
tension of honorable commerce, in
the international settlement which
wil make it unnecessary to send again
two million of our men acros the sea.
I look to our future for progress; in
better citizenship, in less waste, in
fairer remnueration for our labor, in
more efficient governing, in higher
standards of living.
To this future, I dedicate myself
willing, whatever may be the choice
.of the people, to continue to help as
best as I am able. It is the faith
which is in me that makes me very
certain that America will choose the
path of progress and set aside the
doctrines of despair, the whisperings
of cowardice, the narrow road to yes
terday. May the Guiding Spirit of
our land keep our feet on the broad
road that leads to a better tomor
row and give to us strength to carry
P O 1
i s h Government
Flees Warsaw Brit
ish Workmen Threat
en a General Strike If
England Wars on Sov
iet London Newspa
pers Assume a Gloomy
Tone. '
National Republican Chair
man Asks the Governor
to Act on Suffrage.
The Bolsheviki have resum
ed their advance against War
saw cutting through the Polish
lines at different points while
the Polish government is flee
ing the capital.
English and French military
leaders are conferring on mili
tary plans to aid Poland, the
French army to be used and
the British navy to blockade
Workingmen in England
threaten a general shutdown of
industries if England wars
with the Soviet while the Lon
don 'newspapers take a very
gloomy tone. One of them
says England may be forced to
capitulate to the "Soviet as she
cannot advance without disas
ter and cannot retreat without
London, Aug. 9. The Polish govern
ment is leaving Warsaw, its caipital,
it is asserted in a wireless despatjeh
from Moscow received here this afternoon.
Democratic State Com
mittee With the Wo
Warsaw, Aug. 9 Przasnysz, a erty
about 41 miles directly north of War
saw, has been captured by Bolshevik
cavalry, whiph is sweeping in broad
lines westward along the Prussian
frontier, according to an official state
ment issued here tonight. Smaller
detachments are approaching Mlaya,
about nine miles further west, and
some have been repented near Oie
chanow, still nearer this city. This
is one of the most rapid strides the
Soviet forces have made since they
crossed the Orzyc river in their push
designed to cut the Warsaw-Danzig
Soviet forces striking westward
from Brest Litovsk in their great en
circling movement, have cut through
the Polish lines and crossed the
raib-oaB running between Sokolow
and Siedlce. They reached a point
west of Sokolow but were there
coumter -attacked and violent fighting
is proceeding, the statement declares.
In this counter attack the Poles have
taken some prisoners.
Bitter fighting is reported north
east of Warsaw where several vil
lages have changed hands a number
of times, but the enemy has made no
gains. Rozan, about three miles
southwest of Ostrolenka, was taken
by ithe Bolsheviki yesterday, but now
is in the hands of the Poles. There
is heavy fighting along the Bug river
from Drohivzyn to Wlodzimier- Zwo- (
lyn. where the Bolsheviki are being
held. In the fighting along the
southern front the Poles have, in
general, the advantage.
with nearly every other duly eonsti- 1 an enSlneer-statesman. The task be
rv ri.- wenrv men niuuuu x iaw in . i " "-- w. ...... . " '
Chicago hotel. It cannot for a mo- I sources and a progressive betterment
men', oe mnoosed that a nomination. ' of our citizenship. These matters
futizrv r"-:er aucii circumstatices, I will require the guiding hand of a
evoke any popular ro-jponse. .f resident wno can see nis country
and. Indeed, it failed to create any
enthusiasm even In the registering
convention itself.
"The proceedings at Sin Francisco
were of another sort. Every debat
able question was settled upon the
onen noor oi tne convention
above his Party, and who, having a
clear vision of things as they are,
has also the independence, courage
and skill to guide us along the road
to things as they should be without
swerving one footstep at the dicta
tion of narrow partisans who whisper
group had a full hearing: every right- i "Party" or of selfish interests that
ful interest was ralthfully presented.
The platform, expressive of the best
thought of America and an earnest
purpose to retrieve the world leader
ship which our country has lost, was
adopted amid great enthusiasm; and
the selection of candidates for Pres
ident and Vice President went for-
murmur Profits
In our world problems we must
either shut our eyes, sell our newiy
built me .-chant marina to more far
seeing foreign powers, crush utterly
by embargo and harassing legislation
our foreign trade, close our ports and
.build an impregnable wall of costly
tuted government in the whole world
throw our moral force and our po
tential power into the scale of peace.
That such an object should be con
trary to American policy is unthink
able; but if there be an' citizen who
has honest fears that it may he per
verted from its plain intent so as to
conflict with our established form
of government, it will be simple to
declare to him and to the other na
tions that the Constitution of the
United Stales is in every way su
preme. TViere must be no equivoca
tion, no -vagueness, no doubt dealing
with the people on this issue. The
League will not die. An idea does not
die which meets the call of the hearts
of our mothers.
So too, with peace. War may be
"declared," peace cannot. It must
bo es;ablished by mutual consent, by
a meeting of the minds of the par
ties in interest. From the practical
point of view alone a peace by Reso
lution of Congress is unworkable.
From the point of view or the mil
lions of splendid Americans who
served in that whirlwind of war, and
of those other millions at home who
British Workers Protest
tirnion Auer. 9 Rritish workmen
men Alternates vill i held meetings In many of the manu-
tacturmg towns oi tne country today,
notably at Liverepool, Glasgow, Man
chester, Nottingham and London and
protested against a war to help Po
land. A feature of the London meet
ing was the presence of several re
presentatives of organizations of for
mer soldiers.
A general strike in all the principal
organized industries was advocated in
resolutions passed at several meetings.
Hartford, Aug. 9 Up to midday
today Governor Holcomb, who spent
the week-end at his home in South
ingtn, had not received the letter
addressed to him by Will H. Hays,
chairman of the National Republican
committee, urging him to call a
special session of the Connecticut
general assembly to act on the suf
frage amendment. No statement was,
therefore, to be had from his ex
cellency. Mr. Hays' first declaration,
to the governor is:
"Your cause and that of the Re
publican party are one. This states
a proved fact in a few words." He .
then relates action on suffrage taken
by the recent national convention and
"Individually and collectively the
effort of Republicans has been to se
cure the ratification of the suffrage
For himself he adds:
"Personally let me say that I am
sympathetic with it."
Mr. Hays asserts that the suffrage
question is not a party question and
"a special legislative session is a
smail price to pay for a clearer po
litical atmosphere."
As a further argument for imme
diate action in Connecticut he says:
teiieve tne Tmencan woman
from the necessity of claiming her
constitutional right and her sister
from the fancied necessity of oppos
ing the claim and you will liberate a
body of public opinion upon the cam.
paign and its issues which will prove
itself to be one of our greatest na
tional assets."
In taking definite issue with the
governor, who says no emergency ex
ists, Mr. Hays says:
"I do not agree that so great an
issue should be settled only after a
fresh legislative electflon. Wisely or
unwisely the question whether ratifi
cation of a proposed amendment
should be submitted to the state leg
islatures or to popular conventions
composed of delegates elected upon
that issue, has been by the constitu
tion of the United States vested in
congress and not in the states.
"If, therefore, it is not for state
authorities to submit the pending
question to popular vote, no valid
reason can be suggested for refusing
to summon a legislature in special ses
sion unless it is executive disagree
ment wiiith the anticipated action of
that body. But this, I respectfully
suggest, is not a consideration by
which authorities in any state should
be moved. The test of the existence
of the emergency which justifies a
summons to the legislature, is not
mere executive disapproval of the ac
tion which the tegislative assembly
will probably take. The test is
whether or not the national welfare
requires the prompt elimination of
disturbing issue "and the determina
tion of a great question of citizenship
before a pivotal election instead of
after it.
"I refrain from advancing the usu
al arguments in behalf of suffrage.
I leave entirely out of consideration
the partisan advantage or disadvant
age which ratification miight entail.
"I urge ratification first in the
hope of thereby clearing the political
atmosphere; second, in the belief that
i the suppression of effective opinion
works harm to the whole body po
litic and, finally in the conviction that
we owe immediate action as a meas
ure of simple justice to American
Meet At Savin -Rock
Tomorrow to 'Choose
Place and Date for
State Convention.
... -.o.t.iuiia.1 government - can
also be assisted by a sympathetic co
operation between the executive ,i
the legislative branches, alid in this
wuiiv partisanship must not enter.
consideration or the needs
of the country and th conduct nr
affairs like to dwell particularly on
that part of Lincoln's immortal
phrase which speaks of "Government
for the People." Service on the part
of men and women in the government
is not enough; it must be nnss!ft, I
service, it must be service with suf
ficient breadth of view to include the
needs and conditions of every kind
of citiztn, of every section of the
land. Such a body of workers would
make impossible a return to the con
ditions of twenty years ago when men
m .ne nails of Congress and in the
executive branches almost openly re
presented special interests or con
sidered the obtaining of appropria
tions for their own localities as of
more weight than the welfare of the
United States as a whole. Suoti a
spirit of unselfishness would prevent
also the formation of cliques or ole
garchies in thjs Senate for the re-
Bridgeport will be the scene of the
Democratic State convention early in
September unless the efforts of the
large delegation of Bridgeport Demo,
crats who will attend the meeting of
the State Central committee at the
Colonade, Savin Rock, tomorrow, goes
for naught.
The delegation will include the
three State Committeemen from this
city, John A. Cornell, Hugh J. Lav
ery and William P. Corr.
The Women's Auxiliary Committee
which the State Convention in June
authorized will be present and the
women of the State will take part in
preliminary convention work for the
first time in the history of the State.
The Bridgeport committee men
have not appointed their women as
sociates' as yet but it is expected that
they will be named at the meeting
The convention will be held either
in the Casino or Eagles hall if it is
decided to hold it in this city and it
will probably be called for Septem
ber 9 and 10.
No Republican convention has ever
been held in Bridgeport but a Demo
cratic convention was held here in
Hythe, England, Aug. 9 When Pre
iers Millerand and Lloyd George met
again this morning in continuation of
their conference here over the Russo
Polish situation they had befoi ; them
the detailed report of Marshal Foch
amd Field Marshal Wilson dealing
with the extent of the military naval
and economical assistance which
France and England can give imme
diately to Poland.
Having decided that actual war
shall not be waged on Russia, the pre
miers are confronted with a most dif
ficultp roblem. It is known they are
inclined to give Poland every aid
within the limit of this decision In
Penzance, Eng., Aug. 9 Arch
bishop Mannix was landed here from
a destroyer at 4:15 o'clock this af
ternoon. Jt was stated he intended
proceeding to London.
Queenstown, Aug. 9 According to
a report here Archbishop Mannix was
forcibly taken from the steamer Bal
tic by the destroyer Wivera, which
did not return to port with the other
destroyers which met the Baltic off
London, Aug. 9 Dispatches from
Queenstown showed that the Baltic
stopped off that place at midnight
last night with an escort of destroy
ers and it was widely believed that
the prelate was removed from the
steamer at that time.
London Gloomy
London, Aug. 9 A deep note of
anxiety pervades comment in today's
newspapers relative to rejection by
the Russian Soviet government of
Premier Lloyd George's request for a
ten day truce with Poland. Regard-
both French and British circles here, less of the views adopted by different
Milofrd, Aug. 9. Changed with the
a.Ues:e;d sale of LUjuor for the secord
time within a week, John J. O'Unen,
proprietor of the Island View Hotel,
Myrtle Beach, and John Fellows, bar
tender, were fined $75 each in the Mil-
ford court this morning. They were
arrested last night on the charge of
selling liquor without a license. They
were arrested on the same Charge last
week, but forfeited their bonds of $300.
saw, in our part of the connict. fce tar ding of public busine
Contrary to previous reports the
Board of Recreation camp at Stee
plechase Island did not close on Sat
urday night. The vacation place
will be open until September 5. This
present week win be known as boys
however, the word "defensive" is em
phasized in connection with all the
proposed plans, and it is pointed out
that France and England want it
distinctly understood that they are not
contemplating offensive measures
against Russia.
Tie conference considering their
report today was expected to last un
til early afternoon.
The optimism of the British, which
was manifest before the conference
began yesterday had given way today
to a feeling of extreme uneasiness and
it was reported that the British pre
mier himself was greatly disturbed
over the new developments in the
Russo-Polish situation.
London, Aug. 9. Field Marshal Sir
Henry Wilson, chief of the Imperial
staff of the British army; Admiral
Baron Beatty, commander of the
grand fleet, and Marshal Foch con
ferred at Hythe relative to the Polish
situation until an early hour this
morning, according to a Central News
despatch. It is learned that the allied
naval and military exiperts are in
complete accord regarding plans for
checking the westward advance of the
Russian Bolsheviki, it is said.
There is a possibility immediate na
val modulation will be ordered to en-
newspapers on tne general question
of Bolshevism and on the immedia-.e
relations between Russia and Poland
concern is reflected by all.
Renewal of war in Eurooe is gen
erally considered a possibilRy and is
treated in gravest terms. It is not
regarded as inevitable but on one
ventures to strike an optimistic note.
"A very dark hour" is the Times
editorial headline. "Is it war?" asks
the Daily News, and the Telegraph
declares: "The situation holds the
gravest peril which has menaced
Europe since the Germans marched
into Belgium."
The attitude of British workers is
given much consideration by several
journals. The Daily News denounc
ed "the irreconcilability of France
a settlement with Russia," and de
clares: "If the decision rested with Great
Britain there would be peace with
Russia in a fortnight." In any case,
the newspaper is convinced worker
of all ranks in Great Britain will re
fuse to lift a finger and will strike,,
if so criminal an enterprise as war
against Russia is attempted."
"The situation," the Morning Post
aeciares, na. l" ' " ...j ...... . buu.
the allies wijl be in a position where
it is impossible to advance without
disaster, or retreat without dishonor.
1 may be humiliating for Great Bri-
that France will co-operate In this tain to capitulate but it Is to be made
impossible for her to fight."

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