THE FARMER: FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 1920
RETIREMENT OF CHIEF JUSTICE PRENTICE
mandate, because he will be 70 years old.
CHIEF JUSTICE Samuel O. Prentice of the Supreme Court
of Connecticut is retired tomorrow by constitutional
Judge Prentice is in the flower of his intellect and well
able to do the work of his court. But whdn the seventy year
mark is reVhed the chance that a man will continue in full
intellectual power decreases, and the rule, no doubt is wise.
The weakness in the rule is not that it retires judges, but that
it -is not extended to reach the more important and difficult of
fice of governor.
A test of th wisdom of a rule, or machine, for a rule is a
species of machine, is the extent of its use; whether from the
period of its introduction it increases in popularity, or de
creases. School teachers, police, firemen and other public servants
are retired by compulsion at or before 70 years. The Federal
government has a rule, recently made, that postal employes
shall retire at 70. The rule affects some men who are still able
to serve. Most of these men seek to be retained, but the gov
ernment is enforcing its order inflexibly.
The judgment of the times clearly favors retirement at sev
enty, even though men are occasionally, or fromently retired,
who have good work in them. h
The discussion of such a rule is necessarily cold, although
the foundation of it is in sympathy. But the affection which
the people feel for Chief Justice Prentice is not cold. He had
interpreted the law with reason and liberality. By his pres
ence the Connecticut bench had a more human quality. The
lawyers, whose causes he heard, were sure of alert attention,
real and apparent.
Broadly speaking judges listen to pleas in three ways. Ar
guments are often drowsy affairs. Some judges seem not to
listen, and sometimes do not. Other judges seem not to listen,
but do listen carefully. Some judges listen with pleased at
tention, and present the appearance of doing so. Such a judge
is a blessing to a pleader. He is thrice blessed to all whose
business brings them into the dreary court room. Thus cour
teous was Judge Prentice, who was loved and will be missed.
THE RUSSIAN PERIL
ixr HEN THE armies of Republican France began their ca
W reer in Europe, 125 years ago, they gathered strength
as they marched. The peoples were miserable. They were
weary of kings. The national spirit was not in existence, out
side of England. France had just arrived at national spirit.
Among the French it was a mighty force. When the Republi
can armies marched into Italy, into Prussia, into the little
states of those days, they proclaimed the freedom of the peo
ple, and multitudes of the people joined the Napoleonic forces.
Woodrow Wilson used similar methods in the late war.
He proclaimed the freedom of small nations. The Slovaks, the
Lithuanians, the Jugo-Slavs, the Bohemians and others who
were weary of Teutonic rule, did what they could to weaken
the forces of the Central Powers, and the victory came earlier
than it otherwise would have come
Russia repeats the history of France. There is a burning
sympathy for a new ideal. Russian armies are full of fire.
There is a baton in every knapsack. One such soldier is worth
two of the ordinary kind.
If Russia starts toward the North Sea there will be trouble
in Europe and bitter trouble in the world. The Russian armies
would march through territories where millions are in sym
pathy with their ideals. The Bolshevist power would grow as
it moved, by the accession to its ranks of European socialism.
If the Russians are willing to go back to their own terri
tories and stav there, let them do so.
Open the gates. Carry on trade. Let everybody forget war
and become prosperous and happy. The enthusiasm for the
new thing will not be so tremendous, when the last strange
soldier gets out of Russian territory. The Russians will dis
cover that the new machine also has its faults. They will be
more tolerant of the defects in the old machines. It is time to
end war.. In failure so to do there will he awful things to
business in Connecticut.
Considering the seven months period, Oct. 1, 1918 to April
30, 1919, the total death claims resulting from pneumonia and
influenza were approximately $27,500,000. The normal claims
from these causes wo'uld approximate $3,400,000, leaving ex
cess pneumonia and influenza claims of $24,100,000. This re
presents an excess of 96 per cent over normal death claims for
a seven months period. The experience, is from one of the
-large old line companies, and is typical ol the experience oi
all the companies.
The death toll for the country was not less than 500,000,
and was part of the price which the people of the United States
paid for war. It is not necessary to rehearse here the proof
that influenza was a war borne disease, nor that proof which
establishes that plagues have usually followed great wars.
The Hardings and the Johnsons, the Brandegees and the
Holcombs who assert that the United States is not concerned
because Europeans engage in war, may ponder, the influenza
statistics of the Hartford insurance companies, with which Mr.
Brandegee at least should be familiar.
Even though the United States did not enter the war, -it
would have indured the influenza plague which the war pro
duced, and this plague caused more suffering and produced
more deaths than the actual fighting caused.
Modern civilization is democratic. Its means of communi
cation, its control of the forces of nature, are such as did not
and could not arise except where men have attained to a high
degree of freedom and a considerable intelligence.
Future, wars, nroceedine: from the wills of more or less
democratic peoples, will descend upon those peoples, upon
civil populations as well as upon fighting men. The last line
of the army is the old home town.
Plague was ever the method by which war was brought
home to civil population. In the last war high explosives
were added to plague, and in the next great war civil popula
tions will be assailed with bombs and lethal gasses, not in the
half hearted fashion of the late war, but in the vigorous and
castrophic style made possible by improved, and constantly im
proving air transport.
A world which cannot learn to settle its differences with
out war must continue to pay a bitter price to the school of
BOOM IN LIFE INSURANCE
OOD' TIMES, the lesson of influenza mortality, and the;
stimulus given by government insurance, with some!
minor reasons, have produced a boom in life insurance.
Fraternal and old line companies have experienced the
benefits of insurance enthusiasm in about equal proportions.
During the first six months of 1919 the old line companies
increased business written, 78.9 per cent., which wag more
than three times the increase in 1917. The fraternal companies
1 186,000 DRINKING
PLAGES IN ITALY
Rome, July 22. Italy cannot ba
called the 'desert1 of Europe" because
for her 40,000,000 inbabBtantB she
provides 186,000 places where -wine
tistical Annual which has iusffs"vE
Lomlsrtj- wWn a population ST
about 5,000,000 leads tbe ne
32,642 drinking places, the figures
and alcoholic beverages may be con-
almost doubled the' business written in 1918 which was a slow sumed- according to the Italian sta-
Fraternal insurance in Connecticut shows a vigorous
growth in all directions, and is the stronger because in recent
years its methods have been brouerht into conformity with the! enow, pned-mont follows her cioseiy
best actuarial pinpripnpp lne P" of Rome, which in
uesi actuarial experience. 1911 nad a po,DUlatio.n of leas
Fraternal societies doing business in Connecticut disburs- 1,600,000, has no less than 8,127
ed for death claims and other1 benefits, in 1919, $81,998,205.48. tSSLS SS-JTSTSLS
tor Commissions, fees and salaries Of deputies, organizers Sardinia and in Umbria than in
ana managers and lor salaries of officers, trustees and com-
mittees these societies expended $5,120,373.34.
Many other Interesting features of
Italian life are revealed, by the An.
The old line companies, excluding industrial companies, nuai. The death-rate of illegitimate
paid their policyholders $502,259,803.70.
They paid for commissions, salaries
That is to say the annual charge for fees, etc
perience of fraternal companies was one-sixteenth of the
benefits paid, and for old line companies, somewhat more than institutions, with
nne.-fiftr. r.f the - art a F I c iA , i,j ; fox, I $435,000,00(1 date from the Middle
v.: 'r"'"0 r- ' iuo.in.cu uv,mg "M Ages amd provide forraore J
ol the fraternal companies.
The industrial companies, those which issue very small
I policies, and make weekly, or monthly collection of instalment deserted chajdren. The .statistic
children, for -instance, is-shown. to be
40 tier cent. Erreater itihAn
ail(L fees $106,670,- those born legitimately. Tuberculosis
is said to have shown an increase,
'50.000 of the .720.000. death in vn
in the ex- year being attributed, to that malady.
W-hile Dtaly has no . regular Poor
Law, some of its 2S.63.-t charitable
Ages and provide for'-more tJian 1,000
hospitals, 1 7 lunatic asylums, 82 or
phanages, 21 night refugees. 16 food
k itchens and about 100- refuges for
HOW TO HANDLE RUSSIA
that in Italy annually "'20O,000r.chil-
dren are abandoned, by -tbelr par
ents. Italy has mora-.hani3l20;MMi.jete-mentary
schools, with Z600 teach
ers and aboutt 4,000,000- -students.
premiums, paid $160,378,142.37 in benefits and disbursed $91,
027.448.96 for salaries, commissions and fees.
Where as fraternal societies pay but six and two-thirds
cents in fees, commissions and salaries for each dollar of bene
fits annually disbursed, and the old line companies about twen- ""snt about 46 per cent.
, x , i , , , Italian people, especially in, te.auh.
lj ldiuo, uic muuouiiu uuiiipajiies pay uuu uu cenus. I are reported illiterate. Piedmont, in
Here is a waste of considerable magnitude, which is
charged against those least able to endure it. A remedy is to
some extent in sight. Factory insurance, such as a number
of progressive Bridgeport concerns are buying, pretty com
pletely solves the problem for a portion of the people. The
same, or similar methods ought to be extended to cover the
entire number of those purchasing industrial insurance.
XTC T ITH KINDLY forethought the powers that have to do
W with the making and printing of the crisp new
bills that manv take a pardonahlo pride in using have sent out
a r ir letter advising that owing to the rush of work on
the p.iiiting of the heavily embossed and couponed Liberty
Bonds it will be some time before attention can be given to
producing a fresh supply of paper currency.
To some who are inclined toward fastidiousness this will
seem almost in the nature of a calamity but there are others
of us who will still continue to welcome those rectangular
pieces of green paper no matter how frayed their edges, how
soiled their backs, or how obscured the portraits of the fathers
of the country. It would even be possible to hear with a cer
tain degree of fortitude almost any amount of "we have seen
better days' appearance in them so long as the supply was
generous and the purchasing power not altogether lost.
BTHUR HENDERSON, labor leader in the House of
Commons, is asking the Labor party of the United
Kingdom to organize demonstrations against intervention in
Russia and against supplying men, or ammunition to Poland.
The Labor party in Britain is more conservative than the pro
letarian elements of any other European country. The posi
tion of Henderson may be taken as representative of British
labor leadership, and this in turn of a more intense pro-Russian
feeling in other European states. -
The Russian movement is a working class movement,
based upon socialistic economics, and opinions in which the
European workers have been educated for more than forty
vears. The profound sympathy of the workers of other coun
tries grows out of these common beliefs which they share with
Since the socialistic movement designs to destroy the
modern property systems, it is opposed by all who believe this
system as the best for society and for progress, and tnese are
more influential if not more numerous.
shniH then, the conservatives of Europe, adopt the ad
nf Mr Henderson, or should they continue their efforts to
crush the Russian government, even at "the cost of another
" Most students believe that it would be better to let Russia
work out its own destiny, even by means that are not satisfactory-
to other governments.
" The Russians assert that they have certain social methods
inventions, machinery, so to speak which will work better
llinn the methods in common use
Thoro are manv inventions, numerous machines, some of
which are improvements over old machines, many are not
Thp better machines survive, and the useless ones are aban
When the Russian condition is viewed as a proposal to
install a new machine, the way to deal with it becomes plain
- .. , -rn-. 1 11 il
ihom 1t.v- t See how it worKS. II ll worivs vvl-ii uuiers
BRITAIN, FRANCE AND RUSSIA
J T ISTORY REPEATS itself, with modifications
a. A France formed a republic, some 125 years ago, Great
Britain and Holland made a coalition against the tri-cglor, and
began the fighting which lasted for thirty years.
ine rrench armies became the best in the world. Thev
had in Napoleon the strongest commander, since Caesar's dav.
The men under Napoleon were superior in genius and talent.
it took all the rest of Europe three decades to crush the French
power, and restore the Bourbons.
The leadership of the French armv was "drawn from the
plain people. There had been nothing like it in Europe,
since the time of Cromwell, whose victorious army, fighting a
civil war aeainst-ihe British kino- j u.. i
' r 0 " " UILIUHL11UIU 1 ) M 1 1 ; -
makers, tailors, 4ine drapers and the like, men who beat the
nontes and aristocrats of England on every field.
Ci T RUG CLING WITH the H. C. L.. pestered with political
oratory and possibilities, and trying at the same time
to keep the home-run record of 'Babe Ruth up to the minute
manv have failed to note that a day in December next will
mark an even three hundred years since the little landing
episode at Plymouth. Massachusetts, which made the town and
one of its rocks immortal.
What a burden the little Mayflower must have carried!
Not only the band of ' hardy and courageous navigators and
colonists" that "on the great principle of just law and its
equal application to all planted the seeds from which has
sprung this mighty nation." hut also that unlimited amount of
crockery and furniture of which every antique dealer and col
lector in the country has at least a few pieces.
That the dav will he fittingly observed is evidenced bv
the fact that a number of committees made up of prominent
citizens have been appointed, one recently by President Wilson
and now have the matter in charge.
will try it. So far it hasn't worked well.
It is true that if the Russian experiment in socialism sue
rocHs the examnle will extend, but Russian socialism will not
extend to other countries one half so fast by peaceful propa
eration as it will by war.
Of the victorious countries not a single one has gone over
to socialism. Of the defeated countries, every one is in the
control of socialistic governments, or in active motion toward
Rut war, by its nature and essence, was rapidly socializ
ing property in the allied countries. Every sort of property
was rapidlv falling into public control and management. Had
the war lasted another four years little would have been in
nrivate control. Should there be another war of magnitude and
Hnratinn nrivate Drooertv might disappear, and civilization
with it. perhaps. ,
Treat the Russian invention, like any other invention. Let
them try it. To fight over it is to hasten the very catastrophe
which it is desired to avoid.
the north, has only 17 per cemffc, the
smallest number-of Illiterates. School
enrollment shows 70,000 normal and
complementary students- e2,50O-m. .ifihe
gymnasiums; 15,000 in Che lycrarma;
130,000 in technical schools; 29,000
In technical institutes; about ,3,000- in
nautical institutes; 32.000 in schools
of mineralology; 12,000 in Industrial
and commercial .schools about 2,000
in art schools; 4,200 in TOPBfcal
'schools and institutes; 4009n-txard-
ing schools and 40,000 in tno -uni-
V T-i tics TfVvT "h 1 ?il-t flipr. am
Whenjbout 1,050 professc.OOte3jcli-.
ers and W O -empioyes.
TO RESTORE OLD
Pti nadelphia... Aug. 10. The Old
Ferrjri House, aawi Tayexit..34; Wash
ington CrossinfFa-, js .being: 'restored
and -adapted as .a-central 1uidXL.0 for
All the prjfe3:ties ron the -Delaware
river tank east of the liver -and is
far as ithe upper end - -of the island,
behind which boats were secreted.
liUSSia seems to be buildini? UP a similar armv cimilol,, WasMmrtoa'o troops for the attack
I 1 , - . . 1 . . I .1 P , - I rtr, nVuntn V,, .... .hnrf,t-t,.
UUC1" urawn irom me Dosom of the Russian np.nnl
But events are more favorable to Russia, than thev 7nft i
Napoleon had to fight the whole of Eurone. and hH ioc
than thirty millions of people to do it with. Russia ha its
millions of people, and the latent support of Germany and the
countries that sympathize with Germany. The Russians fight
wim miming entnusiasm, the enthusiasm of men who have a
cause in which they believe.
France in the eaj-ly days fought for her life. It was after
ward, under the imperial Napoleon, that she fought for con
quest as well. Russia fights for self preservation. The Soviets,
whatever their demerit in other things, have always desired
and offered peace. By the desire of the Allies civil war was
begun against them and supported. They crushed the civil
war. By the desire of the Allies poor little Poland was sent
against Russia, only to be crushed.
Now Lenine knocks at t&e gates of Warsaw, and the French
and British are preparing divisions for the Polish aid.
Men perhaps are but the puppets of race instincts, 'which
move them as bees swarm, without regard to their individual
wills. But if human reason has authority over European af
fairs, it seems little less than madness to begin new wars, and j and dangers from an unseen foe.
ii seems somewnat worse than error that the old war should
not have been terminated, with peace for Russia, as well as for
the rest of the world.
It is said by some that better conditions would exist, if
America were in the League of Nations. It is difficult to know
whether this would be so. That water has not run over the
At least it can be said that, the race having failed to agree '
upon permanent peace, is in dire danger of more and vast war,
which, coming, may shake civilization to its foundations.
on Trenton, have been -bognt y the
Washington Crossing Park Commis
sion. This covers a river frontage -of over
1,500 feet and includes ttfhe point or
embarkation and the-Otd Ferry Road
leading to it. The commission also
has purchased the island and about
60 acres to the ..west of Hier Road
which includes tiie ridge behind
which the ConUnenltal troops were
massed and drilled that eventful
Christmas -day before the battle of
The commission has laid out a
general scheme covering- the territory
in which Washington's troops were
quartered after having been driven
'across New Jersey r.-i over the Del
aware river on December 8. at Mor
risville. This includes the baseof .sup
plies and New Hope Ferry, t ho up
permost ferry guarded to keep -the
British from crossing.
It covers the headquarters "houses
of Washington and 11 of his generaJMl
At the graves of the soldiers who
died it is proposed to erect monu
ments. Eventually Ithe national gov
ernment will be asked to touild a me
morial brid!ge over the Delaware St a
point where Washington made his
never-to be-forgotte Journey across
the swollen Delaware .am fid ice flows
REFORMING THE SPECTRUM
THE MORTALITY FROM INFLUENZA
THE PERIOD from Oct. 1, 1918. to March 31, 1919, was the
most deadly in the history of the country, not exclud
ing the additions to mortality which grew out of the fighting
of the Civil War.
The increased deaths from influenza doubled the ordinary
figures. This assertion is established by the reports of life in
surance and fraternal insurance companies, or societies doing
WILLIAM GERRISH, head master of Magdalen col
lege, Lincolnshire, England, who manages a school
for girls, orders them to cover their necks. Neither must they
bob their hair, or he will expel them. The male mind is often
a queer thing. It varies with the section of the world in which
the owner lives. In China it used to be quite, indecent for
women to have normal feet. In the Orient it is not modest for
a woman to show her face. Women in the Turkish fields at
work, seeing a man coming, will cover their faces with their
skirts. In some parts of America it is supposed that a woman
must not have legs, and if she has them and takes them into
the water with her she must swathe them in suitable fabrics.
Head Master Gerrish has the distinction of -adding bobbed hair
and necks to the things, which women must not have, or show.
Most of the immodesty is in the minds of the men, who by
failing to discipline their own thoughts, paint neighboring ob
jects wth thei color of their own mentalities.
A person who is color blind does not demand changes in
the solar spectrum to accommodate his idiosyncracy. Neither
should the head master of a girls' school demand impossible
changes in the dress of women, because he is modesty blind.
LAW AND ORDER IN HUNGARY
IT IS WITH difficulty the truth can be culled from the con
flicting news which comes from Central Europe. Some
assertions are a repetition of rumor, some are the misrepresen
tations ol groups with policies to promote, and some are ex
aggerations of crimes actually committed.
Bela Kun, a Bolshevist lifted momentarily to the headship
of Hungary, was displaced, and succeeded by a Democratic
type of government. There was a Red terror, which was not
nearly as red as it was painted. After Bela Kun's deposition,
there was a white terror which seems to have swelled far be
yond its true proportions, in the columns of American news
T. B. Hohler, British representative in Budapest, in his re
port to the British government says:
"The present Hungarian government is Christian, not anti
Semitic. The real anti-Semitic are the extreme right wing, who
stand outside the government. The present government has been
most careful to try its prisoners by due course of law on definite
charges and with right of counsel and appeal to a higher court.
The number mentioned, 20,000 arrests is quite as ridiculous as
the idea that arrest is equivalent to a sentence of death. Nothing
of tb sort exists."
The preponderance of evidence indicates that no terror ex
ists today in Hungary. There are crimes, and evil deeds. The
editor of a socialist paper was recently murdered, and the kill
ing was a shock to nearly everybody. "But life in Hungary,"
says the British Admiral Troubridge, "is as secure as in Eng
land." More secure apparently, than in Ireland, where editors
have also been murdered and many other worthy men, by poli
tical assassination. .
Whooping cough is beingTeported
in increasing numbers from many
communities throughout Connecticut.
This disease during the first sit
months of the year was responsible
for more deaths than measles orcar
let fever and nearly as many-as diph
theria. During July cases from whooping
cough were reported with-""inerea-sinjr
frequency. Many families- did: not- call
a physician to attend the child 'who
was ill. Some of these cb.ildren??were
fortunate and survive; others -died,
for the doctor was called -too late.
This increase in whoopingscoogiuSa'
a serious one and health officers
should warn physicians -felts' -statewide
prevalence. Farents can do-mnclj
to protect their children by ctlling
the family physician early in the
course of the disease. The-eariy diag
nosis and prompt treatment majra.
vent the serious after-effects mat
often follow, or saves'th.eIife i
START WORK ON
P ACIFIC ARQf
Vancouver, B. C-. Aug. TO Work
has been started on the Pacific arch
which is to stand at the crossing of
the Pacific highway at the Interna
According to the men in .charge of
the work the structure will be com
pleted in time for the officiar-opening
on Oct. 20, when the Queen of Ru
mania, her daughter, PrlncessMarie,
Marshal and Madame Jolt re. repre
sentatives of the Canadian -andUnited
States government, of the Atlkad o-and.
of the president of China are expect
ed to be presenr.
The arch, it is estimated -vrlll cost
about $50,000. It will be-ofsteetand
concrete and will stand 100 feet feign.
The simple inscription, which will be
raised in bold letters for all sthe-world
to see is: "Children of a Common
The politicians should not consider
t an objection to a candidate that if
jas business ability. u
mi . li -rtrt
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