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THE FARMER: FRIDAY, ATJGFUST 13, 1920 PUBLIC WARNED OF PROFITEERING ON NEW RATES New York, Aug. 12 Declaring that the authorized increase in freight fates will, for example, legitimately add but from five to sixteen cents to the cost of a pair of shoes, Charles D. Orth, president of the National Security League, issued a warning to the public today to beware of profi teering as a result of the new sched ule. Mr. Orth stated that there are undoubtedly many unscrupulous re tailers who will immediately use the new rates as an excuse for making large increases in the price of every day commodities. Mr. Orth's statement reads: . 'tCscd as lftxeuse.," . " "Nine-tenths of wisdom is being "wise In time.' For which reason, the National Security League wishes to warn the people that the increased fratcbi rates recently authorized by Interstate Commerce Commission 4s not Justify any rise in the prices ml most of the things which the peo ple use. There is great danger, in the opinion of the League, that the freight rate increase will be used as an excuse or camouflage for still farther advancing the High Cost of Living. To many people it will sound ;not only credible, but convincing, if shop keepers say they must advance the price on eggs or shoes, because the freight charges have been in creased from 25 to 40 per cent. Tak ing the latter as an example, it will be seen that, as a matter of fact, the increase in freight rates might justify an advance of between Ave and six teen cents on each pair of shoes. The explanation of this is as follows: Shoos as Example 'There are four freight movements uf the leather In a pair of shoes, (a) The hide from the stock farm to the slaughter-house. -b) The hide from the slaughter house to the tanner. c The leather from the tanner to the shoe- factory . (d The shoes from the shoe-factory to the store which sells them. "As nearly as freight-rates on an average haul can be approximated, each one of these movements costs, met the old rates, 75c per 100 lbs., or -4c per pound. An increase of 25 epr cent- in freight rates would therefore increase freights 18 3-4c per 100 lbs., or 3-16c. per pound. "Assuming that five pounds of hide, equal to about four pounds of leather, go into a pair of shoes, and that a completed pair of shoes weighs 4 pounds, the increased cost of same resulting from a 25 per cent. in crease in freight-rates would be: ' (a) 6 lbs. at 3-16c per lb.. -5-16 of lc b) 6. lbs. at 3-16c per lb., 15-16 of Is c) 4 lbs. at 3-16c per lb.. 3-4 of lc (d) 4 lbs. at 3-1 6c per lb., 2-4 of lc to which add, for freight on contain- era, say 1 lb, 3-16 of lc 3 9-16 of le or, to make it round figures, call it 4c, which would be the actual in creased cost of the leather in a pair of shoes under a freight-rate advance of 25 per cent. Allowing 1 cent (which is exhorbitant for the pur pose) to cover the actual increased freight-rates on the other material In the. shoe, the maximum -increased cost would be 5 cents a pair,, or 1 (per cent, on a pah- of $ 5 shoes. "Assuming that the entire move ment of hide, leather and shoes was in a district where the freights had .been advanced 40 per cent, instead of IS per cent, the increased cost still iwoald be only 8c. on a pair of shoes. If this sum is doubled t o cover in- freight on coal, new machin- and other things -which are used in a shoe factory, the maximum in- ercasfl on a pair of shoes would be In the neighborhood of lie. a padr, or per cent, on an S8 pair of shoes. 3 Per Cent. On Production. "The same principle applies to neat, eggs and butter, and practical ly everything else in which transpor tation by rail enters to any extent "The $1,500,000,000 advance in freight and passenger rates may deem a huge sum, but, when it is considered that this is not more than 2 per cent, on the annual production of the farms, factories and mines he united States, a proper prospec tive can be obtained of how slighly the advance affcts the cost and price of any particular commodity." SAY DIFFERENCES WILL BE SETTLED San Antonio. Texas. Aug. 12 As serting that Ijower California is too far removed from the main source of supplies of the Mexican government :for Provisional President Dela Huerta to carry on extensive opera tions against Governor Cantix. Gen eral Pablo Gonzales, former candi date for the presidency of Mexico, to &ay predicted that the differences "between OeLv Huerta and Cantu soon will be settled amicably. Belief that Villa is not earnest in surrendering to the Mexican govern ment was expressed by General Gon zales, villa is merely taking advan tage of the government to get sup plies and money for his men before retiring into the mountains, accord ing to General Gonzales. MORTGAGES WORTH JUST ONE CALF Washington, Aug. 12 Because currency has become so depreciated and the price of farm products so high in Hungary a farmer can pay Toff a mortgage on his land by the sale of one calf, according to a report to the Department of Commerce today from Trade Representative W. F. Up son at Vienna. About 20 per cent, of the farm mortgages have been paid off in de preciated currency since the war, thus enriching the peasants, the report stated, at the expense of the middle class. ROOSEVELT ON CfPl? A "K'TTMP1 TTYITD .CjrVAl lUUtt Chicago, Aug. 12 Franklin D. Roosevelt, left today on a speaking trip that will take him through fif- tsen states and as far west as the Pacific coast. Three speeches are on today's pro gram, opening with brief addresses at Kenosha and Racine. Wis., and clos with a night meeting at Milwaukee. REDDING Redding, Aug. 12 Sunday's sultri ness did not prevent a good turnout at Putnam nark for the soldiers' memorial exercises, the crowd being estimated at from three to four hun dred and composed almost wholly of townspeople. At the morning ser vice. Rev. Mr. Cook offered prayer . and Rev." Mr. Cunningham made the address with "Service" as its subject. He urged that the element of Chris tian service should be the guiding principle in all the relationships with our fellow men. The afternoon speak- r was Rev. Father Kennedy of Beth el, who spoke of the occasion as a continuation of the Welcome Home demonstration of last year. His central idea was that we should con stantly strive for a betterment of the home with perfection as the aim. The benediction was pronounced by Rev. Mr. Lewis. The exercises included several well executed violin solos by Michael Lauro, a teacher in the New York public schools, and the reading rof a poem by Henry Canfield ol Bridgeport, the verses being a para phrase of "Bingen On the Rhine," which Mr. Canfield composed on the spot. He also narrated some oi nis recollections of the Redding of hair a century ago. The singing, led by Rev. Mr .Cook, was by a chorus made up of local choir members, a small organ being used for the ac companiment. A large part of the crowd brought lunch baskets, and during and following the meal did much neighborly visiting around the tables. The collection, which will go to the fund for providing a memor ial tablet for the Redding service men and women, realized $37. The recent bringing of a suit for di vorce on the ground of cruelty by Alfreda F., wife of Mark H. Dewsnap of the Topstone section, was a great surprise to their acquaintances as the couple, who are of middle age, ap parently lived in the utmost harmony and there had previously been no in dications of a rupture. They have two children, a daughter and a eon. Jr. Dewsnap has for many years conduct ed a large dairy farm of which he is the owner and at the same time car ried on business as a travelling glove salesman, being in the latter capacity well known to the trade over a wide j territory. The wife s action includes a claim for alimony and in connction with that phase of the proceedings, she has levied attachment on all the defendant's property. Her complaint sets out the allegations that he is worth $30,000. The list of those designated by the seleotment as Jurymen for the coming year is as follows: Eugene Adams, Hull Bart ram. Ezra E. Bartram, Ed ward M. Bradley, Michael Connery, Augustus S. Churchill, Joel Godfrey, Albert A. Gorham, William E. Grum man, Gershom Hill, William E. Ha zen, W. H. Hill, F. A. Judd, Harry A. Lounsbury, Rufus A. Lyon, Milo L Osborn. Charles O. Perry, Robert Rider, Zalmon Read, Walter P. Row land, E. Burr Sanford, E. P. Sanrord, pllbert M. Sanford, W. C. Sanford, i , tit T. S Warnpr and I 1 1 1 1 1 . . uiiiiui, - -. Charles Woodson. With the raising of funds towards quite an important and ambitious un dertaking as one of its objects, this undertaking being the building of a Community House, Fire Co. No. 2 will stage an old fasnioned clambake in Brookside Park at 7 o'clock on the evenfng of Wednesday. Aug. 25. An expert has been engaged to pre pare the feast which will comprise all the ingredients belonging to a first class bake including fish, chick en, and white and sweet potatoes. Brookside Park was formerly used for camp meetings and other public gatherings, but ceased to be thus util ized when it passed to the ownership of the New Haven railroad about 25 years ago. A site for the building to be erected by the fire company has been donated by Sarrford & Wheeler, proprietors of the West Redding store located in the structure which also serves as a depot. The site is close to this building. The Community House is to meet the re quirements of the fire department and also serve as a center for neigh borhood social activities. Should the evening of the 25th prove stormy the bales will take place on the next fair evening. Arrangements have been complet ed for four of the half dozen open forum meetings which will be held under the auspices of the Men's club The first Is appointed for Aug. 27 vith Henry F. Gilbert. the musio composer and publisher, as the speak er. An illustrative feature of the lecture will be the rendition of two of Mr. Gilbert's songs by the Countess Turczynowlcz. Richard Dodge of Washington, Conn., head of the Farm Bureau movement, will address the second meeting, the date of which is Sept. 9. At the third meeting on Sept. 1 the speaker will be Dr. Geo. E. Vincent. William Allan White, the noted Kansas editor and novelist and one of the leaders of the former Progressive party, will be heard on the subject of Prohibition at the next meeting, the date for which is yet to be fixed. The first of these meetings will take place at the terrace on the Sanford school grounds and the oth ers in the school gym. Another unpleasant episode adding to the series produced bv the nn- inenaiy relations between Mrs. F. A. Ranney and Duncan Gray, neighbors at the foot of Redding Glen, occur red on Tuesday afternoon. Mrs. Ranney s son, aged 14, was leading with a long rope a heifer from Gray's land when Gray appeared carrying two clnbs one of which he threw. It barely missed the boy's head and striking the heifer set her off on a wild run. The boy pluckily held to the rope until forced to give up from exhaustion. He is in rather delicate health and being completely pros trated by his exertions his mother fears that fhe ill effects will be per manent. The boy says that besides throwing the club Gray assailed him with abusive and threatening langu age. The selectmen at their meet ing last week, received another in direct request from Mrs. Ranney to adjust the fence controversy between herself and Gray and sent back word that she should present her applica tion In person. Selectman Sanford denies a report thatne of the mem bers of the board has said that Mrs. Ranney must do all the fence build- ' ing for the reason that Gray keeps no live stock. He says he made no I such absurd declaration and feels , sure that neither of his associates did. j Peter Osborn has sold his property In West Reddine- mmnridno mnd sized house and about two acres to John Wheeler, of the firm of San ford & Wheeler. The price was about $5,000. Mr. Osborn will remove to Those from Redding who attended the dinner given Congressman Merritt at Danbury last week were Albert A. Gorham, chairman of the Repub lican town committee; Deputy Sheriff Banks, F. A. Judd, M. B. Burr, S. C. Shaw, Milo L. Osborn, and Dr. Wil liam Ford. The property to the east of Pleas ant Valley owned by the late Edna Goodsell has been sold by W. C. San- ford, administrator, to Mrs. Irving Patterson of Easton.' It consists of a dwelling and about six acres of land. The Catholic parish will hold a lawn party and sale on Wednesday and Thursday of the last week of this month at the Sanford School grounds and gym. The regular monthly meeting of the Men's club takes place this (Thurs day) evening at the Community House. The speaker is to be Prof. Louis Treadwell of Vassar College, a native of Redding. Henry Canfield, founder of the Bridgeport Boys' club and present probation officer for all the city's courts, is spending two or three weeks at the Ridgefield Inn, it being his first real visit since he left this town in 1868. Of the older people whom he then knew Miss J. H. San ford and her brother, Jesse, are al most the only survivors, while near ly all his childhood associates are either removed elsewhere or dead. Tlie lamage .done by four youths from the Rogers-Peet camp who broke windows in Albert Williams' tenement house and thereby damaged a lot of feed has been settled for by Frank R. Chamibers. As Rev. Mr. Cunningham is to be out of town next Sunday the ftn'w- pal church people have been invited by Rev. Mr. Cook to attend service at the Center Congregational. The motorizing fund of Fire Co. No. 1 is nearing its objective, the present total being $450. This leaves only $50 to be raised from the 60 prospects so far unresponsive. Mrs. P. Britt Nash and daughter of Yonlkers, N. Y., are visiting Mrs. W. B. Hazen and Mrs. Charles Hill on the west side. Owing to the threatening weather the church and community outing to have been held at Compo Beach last Friday was postponed for about two weeks. The cantata "Esther" will be pre sented on the Sanford school grounds on the evenings of Aug. 20 ami 21, the platform serving as a stage. A Miss Nolan of Danbury has been engaged to teach the lower grade of the Center school for the coming year Mr. and Mrs. B. A. PJnkney are vis. iting their daughter in New RocJ. Joseph Keating has bought another car, a used Moon. G. O. P. CONVENTION. Wheeling, W. Va, Aug. 12 Adop tion of a platform and the nomination of a candidate for Supreme Court jus tice was the program of the day be fore the Republican state convention which convened here at 10 o'clock this morning. The two subjects most freely discussed were the advisability of openly declaring in a platform against any form of the League of Nations, and the question of declaring for the repeal of the existing primary election law. KTR.RY APPARENTLY DEFEATED. Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 12 TJ. S. Senator William F. Kirby apparently was defeated for renomination by Representative Thaddeus H. Caraway in Tuesday's statewide Democratic primary, unofficial returns from more than two-thirds of the state showed today. Senator Kirby -"characterized by President Wilson' as one of the "wilful" senators, was attacked by his opponent during the campaign for hi opposition to the national adminis tration in the eany stages of the war. SIGN PEACE WITH RUSSIA. London, Aug. 12 Letvia signed a peace tr-eaty with Russia on Wednes day, says a Riga despatch to the Lon -don Times. Helsingfors, Finland. Aug. 12 Russia and Finland agreed upon armistice conditions at Dorpat Wed nesday. REMOVE NAVAL GOVERNOR San Francisco, Aug. 12 Removal of Commander W. J. Terhune as na val governor of American Samoa, re cently reported in Washington ad vices, followed demands from officers and natives of Samoa for an official inquiry into the administration of the islands, according to advices from Samoa made public here today. REAL ESTATE MEN ORGANIZE, ELECT The Real Estate Board of Bridge port was formed last night at a meet ing of the city's leading real estate dealers called by A. H. MacKenzie in charge of the commercial division of the Chamber of Commerce. Officers were chosen as follows: President, A. H .Hancock; vice presi dent, B. F. Cooney; secretary-treasurer, Percy P. Anderson; executive committee, the foregoing officers and Walter M. Redfield and Lacey R. Blackman. GREAT BRITAIN'S EXTERNAL DEBT London, Aug. 12. Great Britain's external debt on March 31 last amounted to 1,277,888,000 pounds, according to a White Paper recently published. Of this amount 1,046,7T4, 000 is due to the United States in eluding some small amounts borrowed from Continental countries which have to be paid back in United States dollars. BABE RUTH NOT SERIOUSLY INJURED Cleveland, O.. Aug. 12 The Cleve land ball clubs physician said today that 'Babe Ruth would be able to play this afternoon, wearing an elastic knee bandage. An X-ray photograph shows there were no bones broken and no torn ligaments, the injury suf fered in yesterday's game being only a wrench TO DISCUSS WRANGEL London, Aug. 12 It was unoffici ally reported this afternoon that Pre mier Lloyd George and Earl Curzon, the secretary for foreign affairs, plan to meet Premier Millerand at Bou logne on Sunday to discuss the situa tion arising from the recognition of General Wrangel. TROLLEYS STILL IN THE LEAD (Continued from Page One) opinions from other people besides the trolley crew." "I should say no trolleys. Never missed my morning train except when I rode in trolley.", "Sell the trolleys to Jacob Bros. The jitneys are for working people. Private cars for trolley sympathiz ers." Jitneys are clean. "Troiieys make good lobster pots i for the lobsters that patronize them. Jitneys have good service." "The Hell with the trolley cars. The streets look good without them." "Because jitneys cai take short cuts, and trolleys have to follow the tracks." , "Give business people better service in the center of the city at 5 p. m." "Quick sen-ice and short cuts." "Give good service in center of city." "A five cent fare is handy. You do-'t have to bother with pennies." "Trollej-s too expensive." "Jitneys, of course. Trolleys never gave such good service as jitneys do." "I hope that person in the paper Aug. 9 will get his cyanide easily." A Letter. Bridgeport, Aug. 11. 1920. Bridgeport Times: Mr. Eeditor In looking over vour paper I observe an item concerning the trolley-jitney controversy includ ing a voting contest. As so many other people have done, I feel it my right and privilege to add my opinion to the list and express my self in an impartial manner. Therefore let? me say: The trolley has been in existence for some 30 years and when we look back over that space of time many of us re member very plainly how we often laughed over the trials and tribula tions of the trolleymen in the old days of the establishment of the measley trolley cars and how the general pub-, lie finally approved the natural evo lution of the present-day trolley sys tem. We may also find fault with the jitney system as it is in this city to day, but if we wish to be fair to both parties we must acknowledge that the jitney is giving us service when the trolley company went on strike against the city, deliberately trying to influence the decision of the court by publishing or even only notifying the heads of the city government that the trolleys would stop running if the de cision of the court was in favor of the jitneurs. Give the jitneys a fair chance as well as you gave the trolley a chance in days of old and see for yourself -that the trolley is doomed to die a most natural death of evolution and the jitney will take its place as a means of transporting the public, with the only difference that the trolley company in this lively little city of Bridgeport has hurried the deaih. of its existence at a premature moment, which in other words might be ex pressed as: Give the jitney a chance to standardize its service and equip ment by incorporating them properly unless the trolley service is establish ed at a five cent fare with a two cent transfer within city limits, set ting a time limit for the resumption of the trolley service. We certainly are getting along quite nicely without the trolley and if we go ahead and keep our jitney service we are simply the leaders in becoming a trolleyless city by evolution. The trolley side: Slow, noisy, and when we had oo jitneys we took a lot of pleasure in kicking because of strap-hanging, poor ventilation and a few other things which we are finding fault with the jitney about now. The jitney is a new thing, much quicker, just as safe in the hands of a good driver and in a shrt time we will see a big improvement in the ser vice if we are willing to give them a fair deal. If necessary have the jitney corpor ation pay something toward the up keep of the city streets used by their routes, but by all means let us remain the leaders of a movement of evolu tion which the trolley company through their short-sightedness forced upon us. T. F. Schaeffer. MANY NEWSPAPERS MUST SUSPEND New York, Aug. 12 Many news papers will have to suspend publica tion, because production and ship ment of print paper must cease, un less the Interstate Commerce Com mission modifies its priority orders in allocating coal and wood cars, Philip T. Dodge, president of the Interna tional Paper Company, declared here today. EXPRESS COMPANIES WANT HIGHER RATES "Washington, Aug". 12. iPermission to increase express rat es to aTxsorb th e wage awards of the railroad labor board, at Oiicagx) estimated at $43, 800,8K was asked from the Interstate Coram ere e. Coram issi on t o dia y by th e American Railway Express Company. The express company also asked authority to increase by 20 per cent, its rates on milk and cream to meet the increase granted the railroads on the same commodities. WILL PROTEST A MURDER BY CHINESE San Francisco, Aug. 12 Mrs. Mary Remert, who has arrived here from China, declared that a protest would be laid before the state department over the murder of her husband, Dr. W. A. Remert, of Allentown, Pa., a missionery, by an officer of the rebel Chief, General Chang Tinm Tao's forces. He was killed June 13 at the gate of Huping College in Hunan prov ince when he refused to grim ft the officer's command. Mrs. Remert and her eldest child witnessed the shoot ing. If the "white collar man" does not like his pay under present conditions, there are a lot of job's out on the farms of Fairfield county waiting for him. In estimating the essential and in evitable expenses of running an auto mobile, don't forget the fines for reckless driving. A flying boat service accommodat ing five passengers on each trip be tween Toronto, Canada and the Mus koka Lakes has been established with Colonel Bishop, the famous Canadian flier, in charge. M. D. Blondel A Suicide Mercer D. Blondel, the well known lawyer, killed himself in his office at 1024 Main St., this afternoon. He locked him- self in his office and shot him self in the temple. He was dead when the police broke in to the office. POLISH FORGES OUTNUMBERED OVER 2 TO 1 Trotzky Says Europe Will Be Bolshevik in Year. Washington, Aug. 12 Polish forces defending Warsaw are outnumbered about 2 1-2 to 1. Comprehensive de tails received today in official circles here place the ration strength of the Soviet army on the Polish front at 350.000 men. The strength of the Poles has been estimated at 140,000. Twenty-six Soviet infantry divi skNOT have been identified as facing the Polish army in the front line, with thirteen divisions in reserve. In ad dition ten cavalry divisions have been noted in active operation at the front with two such divisions in reserve. Besides the 39 infantry divisions 'reported on the Polish front the Bol sheviki are estimated to have scat tered in other parts of Russia, 2 5 others as well as two cavalry divi sions. Contrary to previous reports Gen eral Sergius Kameneff and not Gen eral Brusiloff, commands the entire Soviet forces on the Polish front and it is said there is not a German officer in the army. General Kameneff for merly commanded the troops fighting Kolchak on the eastern front and as a result of his victories in that area was promoted to his present command. The Bolshevik! army on the Polish front is reported to be divided into two armies, the northern in command of General Toucacheski, who is only 27 years of age ,and the southern-commanded toy General Tecoroff. Both commanders were officers in the Czar's army. General Brusiloff is known to be chief of a military council at Maecow which has been preparing military plans against Poland. With him are associated many of the general staff officers of the old regime. One of the most successful Bolshevik; officers is General Budenny, com mander of cavalry, whose tactics on the Polish front, according to military authorities, largely have made possi ble the Bolshevist successes in the south. Warsaw, Aug. 11 (By the A. P.) Minister of War Trotzky has arriv ed at Bialystok, just behind the So viet front and has set up headquar ters there, according to reports. Speaking in Vilna, the capital of Li thuania recently, he announced So viet Russia had been officially re cognized by the western powers and that M. Krassin and M. Kameneff, heads of the Bolshevik commercial mission to Great Britain had been received at London with the cere monials usually accorded foreign am bassadors' He asserted Bolshevism was "more powerful than ever and would soon spread to other coun tries." "In a year," he continued, "all Europe will be Bolshevik." Warsaw newspapers publish inter views with soldiers who declare the Bolsheviki advancing upon this city claim they have come to exterminate the Bourgeoisie and distribute the land among peasants. It is asserted they impartially pillage mansions farms and cottages and either forcibly enlist the men in the country or send them to the rear. In the Bialystok district the Bol sheviki took a number of hostages, threatening to shoot them if food supplies are not delivered to the So viet army within a specified time. It is said the country behind the Bol- sheviki lines is suffering from famine as all grain had been requisitioned and sent eastward by the Bolshevik authorities. Bolshevik prisoners say that the high command of the Soviet armies fears a reverse before Warsaw and is hastily preparing positions to which it can withdraw in case of defeat. Warsaw, . Aug. 11 Hundreds of conveyances of all descriptions load ed with barbed wire and driven -y boys and old men are streaming through the Poii-h "capital toward the battlefront. Mingled with them along the roads are endless trains of supply wagons which are guarded by elderly civilians armed with rifles. All able bodied men are being relieved from other duties, so they may be made available in the fight for the defense of Warsaw. Women soldiers are hurrying from place to place acting as couriers, and French military mission efficers are showing extreme activity, racing around the city in automobiles. As the fighting front draws nearer Warsaw squads of citizens wearing their ordinary civilian clothes and straw hats but armed with rifles, are drilling in many parts of the city. As the determined looking groups pass through the streets many boys in knickerbockers, elderly men and well-to-do merchants are to be seen side by side with the more usual type of fighter in the ranks. Class distinc tions are being forgotten or brushed aside. Newspaper accounts of the prepara tions declare that the spirit of the people is to defend Warsaw, repel the invader and not to count the cost in blood. The government although it -will not concede that a date has been set for the evacuation of the city, is gradually moving away the important state documents, the packing of which began several days ago. Constantinople, Aug. 10 Bolshevik forces in southern Russia are strik ing at the extreme flanks of General Baron Wrangel's army north of the Crimean peninsula, according to des patches here. Three Soviet divisions totalling 6,000 men crossed the Dnieper river on August 7 almost directly across the stream from the city of Kherson, and advanced sev- eral versts southward. Two Bolshe- 20,000 MILLIONAIRES IN THE tiMTED STATES Washington, Aug. 12 Approxi mately 50,000 persons new may class ify themselves as members of the "millionaire group," the federal in come tax returns indicate. The grou.p, as unofficially computed here, includes i the members of the families of 20,000 persons who in their returns confessed each to an income of at least $50,000 in 1919. This is the lowest probable return on $1,000,000. Under this definition the group, of course, would include many high salaried executives. 'Some of these no doubt could not show a 'Capi tal wealth of $1,000.000. War profits, however, are known to have increased considerably the mil lionaire group. In 1917 it numbered only slightly more than 16,000. Returns showing incomes of $50,000 to $750,000 a year Were filed by 15,917 heads of families, while 90 confessed to annual incomes ranging from $750,000 to $1,000,000. Persons with incomes of more than $1,000,000 in the 1919 return are estimated to have increased to at least 162 from 141. More than 4,000,000 heads of fam ilies filed returns for 1919 according to preliminary estimates of Internal Revenue Bureau officials. At least one-half are believed to represent families whose annual income was $2,000 or less. With , a population estimated at 105,000,000 the United States now has New Britain Girl Killed By Mosquito New Britain, Aug. 12 After several days of suffering with blood poison ing resulting from a mosquito bite. Miss Helen Arute, about 18 years old, died yesterday morning at the nome of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Arute of 499 South Main street. The young woman made a brave fight, her life hanging in the balance for two days, but died, despite all possible medical assistance. On Friday of last week. Miss Arute noticed a swelling on her lip, which appeared to be increasing in size and on Saturday, the swelling spread to her face. " Dr. John L. Kelly was Ponzi, Unable To Pay, Surrenders Himself Boston, Aug. 12 Charles Ponzi. to- day surrendered to the United States marshal anjl a warrant for his arrest is being prepared. District Attorney Gallagher said that Ponzi had surrendered because he felt himself unable to carry out promises he had made for the re demption of his notes tomorrow. Ponzi confessed in a formal state ment yesterday that he was a former convict. SEARCH IN CANADA. Montreal, Aug. 12 Detectives from Boston and Philadelphia have been here for several days making inquir ies in Italian and banking circles re garding Charles Ponzi, who admitted in Boston yesterday that he had serv- viki caivalry columns supported by infantry are advancing southward from Alexandrovsk along the west side of the railway leading south to Crimea. This is on the eastern end of the south Russian battle front. London, Aug. 12 Premier Lloyd George has notified Leo Kameneff, Soviet emissary here, that the Polish government informed the British pre mier that up to 9 p. m. Tuesday Poland had not received a reply from the Moscow government to the mes sage of Poland expressing a willing ness to send delegates to the armistice and peace conference at Minsk. Poland informed the British prime minister that the Polish officer com manding the sector beyond Siedlce had just announced that the Russian peace delegation had arrived in that sector and not finding the Polish dele gates, had stated that it would wait until 10 o'clock Wednesday morning. The premier further informed M. Kameneff that Poland replied that the Polish delegation was proceeding to the front immediately to meet the Russians and that if the Russian dele gates still were there the Poles would send their peace delegation immedi ately. Poland further stated she was notifying the Soviet authorities that she was prepared to start her armis tice and peace delegation for the scene Wednesday night Mr. Lloyd George totd NL. Kamenett' he trusted he would expedite the pass age of the Polish delegates to Minsk. The premier called attention to the refusals of the Russian wireless ser vice to accept messages for the Soviet government for Warsaw as reported by the Poles, and said this raised a justifiable suspicion and that it was not conducive to a prompt and peace ful solution of the crisis. Moscow, Aug. 8 The Soviet For eign Office today published despatches exchanged between the Soviet gov ernment and Great Britain in the Polish crisis. M. Tchitcherin's last note maintains his government's pre vious attitude of refusing mediation by any third party. The Russian delegation will leave tomorrow for Minsk. M. Tchitcherin today despatched a note of protest to the French govern- ment against the shipment of contra- band of war, including 28 airplanes destined for General Wrangel to Odes- sa on prisoner transports. The note says the matter has been referred to the mediation of Great Britain. Johnnisburg, East Prussia, Aug. 11 (By the A. P.) Reports that Mlawa. an important city on the Warsaw-Danzig railway, was taken by the Russian Bolsheviki on Tuesday and that Soviet cavalry was within rifle shot of Warsaw, the fall of which was expected Thursday or Priday were brought here today by a correspond ent of the Koenigsberg Allgemeine Zeitung. Americans, British and French who are fighting with the Poles against the Bolsheviki are considered "fair game to kill" by the common soldiers of the Soviet army, it is declared by the correspondent, who says the Bol sheviki nave been told these fighters are "bourgeoisie who. should be exterminated." a "millionaire group" numbering one in each 2,100. Under special applications from Congress the Internal Revenue Bu reau is checking over returns to de tect delinquents. Bureau officials say many millions thus will be brought into the treasury. To collect the income and excess profits tax, exclusive of the checking over of the returns, costs 55 cents on $100, officials said. Approximately $4,000,000 was col lecled by the bureau under a national investigation begun June 16 to get in delinquent taxes on sales of luxuries, theatre admissions and transportation charges. The investigation is being pushed in all big cities by flying squads of reve nue agents armed with full authority to compel the opening of books, papers and other documents by per sons and concerns suspected of hav ing falsified returns. Persons believ ed to have knowledge of fraudulent returns can be summoned and made to give testimony under oath. After the investigation started con cerns in some cities Degan id sena m "amended" tax returns, which gener ally showed a larger tax due the gov ernment. In these cases the bureau accepted the amendment and the ad ditional tax, adopting a policy of len iency toward the offenders. summoned and he attributed the swelling to a bite on the lip, probably fro ma mosquito. He called Dr. Clif ton of Hartford, but their efforts were fruitless. The young woman's face and neck continued to swell and her lips be came sore and swollen so that her mouth was hardly visible. Since Monday the physicians and the young woman's family realized that she had only a slight chance for recovery, ow ing to the rapidity with which the poiscn spread, and her death, while a great shock, was not unexpected. ed a prison term in the St. Vincent do Paul penitentiary. Complete copies of the records in the case charging forgery against Ponzi, for which he was sentenced in 1908 to three years' imprisonment, and for which he claims to have served 20 months, are being made by the detectives. They refuse to tell whom they represented. FUNDS GONE. Boston, Aug. 12 Bank Commis sioner Allen announced this afternoon that the capital of the Hanover Trust Company probably had been com pletely wiped out. The bank was clos ed by the commissioner yesterday. Charles Ponzi had been a director up to yesterday. The correspondent, who spent some time along the Bolsheviki front, said he had been given most courteous consideration as a representative of tbe German press and conducted him along the front and permitted him to witness a battle between Soviet cav alry and Polish infantry. Bolshevik cavalry, he said, is excellently disei plinied and equipped with machine guns which are operated from the saddle. The men, however, presented a ragged appearance. The wild country between Lomza and Koklono is infested with bandits who are preying on the population, according to Bolshevik reports. Russian forces have occupied Sol dau, a town in East Prussia, northwest of Mlawa, by consent of the German inhabitants, according to rumors here. ENDEAVORING TO GET PEACE IN VERA CRUZ Vera Cruz, Augr. 3 2 Efforts are being made by the federal and state governments to peaceably reach a so lution of the controversy wlich has arisen through the order ol Provi sional President Pel-a Hueita dis missing Antonio Xava from tffice as f governor. General Guadaluie San i ohez has returned from Mexco Cit to jaiapa, ana nas arranged aa inter- vrcw wiui uvKrnur ixava. ne re suit of this conversation Mil ha communicated to the proisional president. General Manuel Pelaez, Drmer rebel leader, is being urged V hig supporters to become a candidat for governor. MNTS ON Bl An attachment of $150,000 wa made yesterday on the Blue Ribboi Oarage, Inc., by Attorney Solomon Badesch, representing Abraham Heg ler, 1056 East Main street on allega- tions of violating a contract for the delivery of twenty buses. The papers were served yesterday afternoon by Sheriff Oscar Danenberg, and A. I Slavatsky was placed in charge of the property. The case is returnab! to the September term of the Superior court. .bairnela avenue and liu cannon street, was incorporated in October, 1903, by Johannes Echiott, William E. Seeley and John T. King for $10.-: 000. The ccmp'aint alleges that with the defendant on or about March 30, 1920, whereby the latter was to sell and deliver to the plain tiff twenty Tackard buses. Hagler claims that because of the present f-T-rnfv--iitrev situation, the defend- ' t h,nhri the contract and so'.d buses of its own accord. lard, who have carried the full rank of general during the war. return to $150,08) S CONTRACT the lower rank of major-general.