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Republican farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1810-1920, August 13, 1920, Image 8

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EIGHT
THE FARMER: FRIDAY, ATJGFUST 13, 1920
PUBLIC WARNED
OF PROFITEERING
ON NEW RATES
New York, Aug. 12 Declaring that
the authorized increase in freight
fates will, for example, legitimately
add but from five to sixteen cents
to the cost of a pair of shoes, Charles
D. Orth, president of the National
Security League, issued a warning to
the public today to beware of profi
teering as a result of the new sched
ule. Mr. Orth stated that there are
undoubtedly many unscrupulous re
tailers who will immediately use the
new rates as an excuse for making
large increases in the price of every
day commodities.
Mr. Orth's statement reads:
. 'tCscd as lftxeuse.," .
" "Nine-tenths of wisdom is being
"wise In time.' For which reason, the
National Security League wishes to
warn the people that the increased
fratcbi rates recently authorized by
Interstate Commerce Commission
4s not Justify any rise in the prices
ml most of the things which the peo
ple use. There is great danger, in
the opinion of the League, that the
freight rate increase will be used
as an excuse or camouflage for still
farther advancing the High Cost of
Living. To many people it will sound
;not only credible, but convincing, if
shop keepers say they must advance
the price on eggs or shoes, because
the freight charges have been in
creased from 25 to 40 per cent. Tak
ing the latter as an example, it will
be seen that, as a matter of fact, the
increase in freight rates might justify
an advance of between Ave and six
teen cents on each pair of shoes. The
explanation of this is as follows:
Shoos as Example
'There are four freight movements
uf the leather In a pair of shoes,
(a) The hide from the stock farm to
the slaughter-house.
-b) The hide from the slaughter
house to the tanner.
c The leather from the tanner to
the shoe- factory .
(d The shoes from the shoe-factory
to the store which sells them.
"As nearly as freight-rates on an
average haul can be approximated,
each one of these movements costs,
met the old rates, 75c per 100 lbs., or
-4c per pound. An increase of 25
epr cent- in freight rates would
therefore increase freights 18 3-4c
per 100 lbs., or 3-16c. per pound.
"Assuming that five pounds of hide,
equal to about four pounds of leather,
go into a pair of shoes, and that a
completed pair of shoes weighs 4
pounds, the increased cost of same
resulting from a 25 per cent. in
crease in freight-rates would be:
' (a) 6 lbs. at 3-16c per lb.. -5-16 of lc
b) 6. lbs. at 3-16c per lb., 15-16 of Is
c) 4 lbs. at 3-16c per lb.. 3-4 of lc
(d) 4 lbs. at 3-1 6c per lb., 2-4 of lc
to which add, for
freight on contain-
era, say 1 lb, 3-16 of lc
3 9-16 of le
or, to make it round figures, call it
4c, which would be the actual in
creased cost of the leather in a pair
of shoes under a freight-rate advance
of 25 per cent. Allowing 1 cent
(which is exhorbitant for the pur
pose) to cover the actual increased
freight-rates on the other material
In the. shoe, the maximum -increased
cost would be 5 cents a pair,, or 1
(per cent, on a pah- of $ 5 shoes.
"Assuming that the entire move
ment of hide, leather and shoes was
in a district where the freights had
.been advanced 40 per cent, instead
of IS per cent, the increased cost still
iwoald be only 8c. on a pair of shoes.
If this sum is doubled t o cover in-
freight on coal, new machin-
and other things -which are used
in a shoe factory, the maximum in-
ercasfl on a pair of shoes would be
In the neighborhood of lie. a padr, or
per cent, on an S8 pair of shoes.
3 Per Cent. On Production.
"The same principle applies to
neat, eggs and butter, and practical
ly everything else in which transpor
tation by rail enters to any extent
"The $1,500,000,000 advance in
freight and passenger rates may
deem a huge sum, but, when it is
considered that this is not more than
2 per cent, on the annual production
of the farms, factories and mines
he united States, a proper prospec
tive can be obtained of how slighly
the advance affcts the cost and price
of any particular commodity."
SAY DIFFERENCES
WILL BE SETTLED
San Antonio. Texas. Aug. 12 As
serting that Ijower California is too
far removed from the main source of
supplies of the Mexican government
:for Provisional President Dela
Huerta to carry on extensive opera
tions against Governor Cantix. Gen
eral Pablo Gonzales, former candi
date for the presidency of Mexico, to
&ay predicted that the differences
"between OeLv Huerta and Cantu soon
will be settled amicably.
Belief that Villa is not earnest in
surrendering to the Mexican govern
ment was expressed by General Gon
zales, villa is merely taking advan
tage of the government to get sup
plies and money for his men before
retiring into the mountains, accord
ing to General Gonzales.
MORTGAGES WORTH
JUST ONE CALF
Washington, Aug. 12 Because
currency has become so depreciated
and the price of farm products so
high in Hungary a farmer can pay
Toff a mortgage on his land by the sale
of one calf, according to a report to
the Department of Commerce today
from Trade Representative W. F. Up
son at Vienna.
About 20 per cent, of the farm
mortgages have been paid off in de
preciated currency since the war, thus
enriching the peasants, the report
stated, at the expense of the middle
class.
ROOSEVELT ON
CfPl? A "K'TTMP1 TTYITD
.CjrVAl lUUtt
Chicago, Aug. 12 Franklin D.
Roosevelt, left today on a speaking
trip that will take him through fif-
tsen states and as far west as the
Pacific coast.
Three speeches are on today's pro
gram, opening with brief addresses at
Kenosha and Racine. Wis., and clos
with a night meeting at Milwaukee.
REDDING
Redding, Aug. 12 Sunday's sultri
ness did not prevent a good turnout
at Putnam nark for the soldiers'
memorial exercises, the crowd being
estimated at from three to four hun
dred and composed almost wholly of
townspeople. At the morning ser
vice. Rev. Mr. Cook offered prayer .
and Rev." Mr. Cunningham made the
address with "Service" as its subject.
He urged that the element of Chris
tian service should be the guiding
principle in all the relationships with
our fellow men. The afternoon speak-
r was Rev. Father Kennedy of Beth
el, who spoke of the occasion as a
continuation of the Welcome Home
demonstration of last year. His
central idea was that we should con
stantly strive for a betterment of the
home with perfection as the aim. The
benediction was pronounced by Rev.
Mr. Lewis. The exercises included
several well executed violin solos by
Michael Lauro, a teacher in the New
York public schools, and the reading
rof a poem by Henry Canfield ol
Bridgeport, the verses being a para
phrase of "Bingen On the Rhine,"
which Mr. Canfield composed on the
spot. He also narrated some oi nis
recollections of the Redding of hair a
century ago. The singing, led by
Rev. Mr .Cook, was by a chorus
made up of local choir members, a
small organ being used for the ac
companiment. A large part of the
crowd brought lunch baskets, and
during and following the meal did
much neighborly visiting around the
tables. The collection, which will
go to the fund for providing a memor
ial tablet for the Redding service men
and women, realized $37.
The recent bringing of a suit for di
vorce on the ground of cruelty by
Alfreda F., wife of Mark H. Dewsnap
of the Topstone section, was a great
surprise to their acquaintances as the
couple, who are of middle age, ap
parently lived in the utmost harmony
and there had previously been no in
dications of a rupture. They have two
children, a daughter and a eon. Jr.
Dewsnap has for many years conduct
ed a large dairy farm of which he is
the owner and at the same time car
ried on business as a travelling glove
salesman, being in the latter capacity
well known to the trade over a wide j
territory. The wife s action includes
a claim for alimony and in connction
with that phase of the proceedings,
she has levied attachment on all the
defendant's property. Her complaint
sets out the allegations that he is
worth $30,000.
The list of those designated by the
seleotment as Jurymen for the coming
year is as follows: Eugene Adams,
Hull Bart ram. Ezra E. Bartram, Ed
ward M. Bradley, Michael Connery,
Augustus S. Churchill, Joel Godfrey,
Albert A. Gorham, William E. Grum
man, Gershom Hill, William E. Ha
zen, W. H. Hill, F. A. Judd, Harry A.
Lounsbury, Rufus A. Lyon, Milo L
Osborn. Charles O. Perry, Robert
Rider, Zalmon Read, Walter P. Row
land, E. Burr Sanford, E. P. Sanrord,
pllbert M. Sanford, W. C. Sanford,
i , tit T. S Warnpr and
I 1 1 1 1 1 . . uiiiiui, - -.
Charles Woodson.
With the raising of funds towards
quite an important and ambitious un
dertaking as one of its objects, this
undertaking being the building of a
Community House, Fire Co. No. 2
will stage an old fasnioned clambake
in Brookside Park at 7 o'clock on
the evenfng of Wednesday. Aug. 25.
An expert has been engaged to pre
pare the feast which will comprise
all the ingredients belonging to a
first class bake including fish, chick
en, and white and sweet potatoes.
Brookside Park was formerly used
for camp meetings and other public
gatherings, but ceased to be thus util
ized when it passed to the ownership
of the New Haven railroad about 25
years ago. A site for the building
to be erected by the fire company
has been donated by Sarrford &
Wheeler, proprietors of the West
Redding store located in the structure
which also serves as a depot. The
site is close to this building. The
Community House is to meet the re
quirements of the fire department
and also serve as a center for neigh
borhood social activities. Should the
evening of the 25th prove stormy the
bales will take place on the next fair
evening.
Arrangements have been complet
ed for four of the half dozen open
forum meetings which will be held
under the auspices of the Men's club
The first Is appointed for Aug. 27
vith Henry F. Gilbert. the musio
composer and publisher, as the speak
er. An illustrative feature of the
lecture will be the rendition of two
of Mr. Gilbert's songs by the Countess
Turczynowlcz. Richard Dodge of
Washington, Conn., head of the Farm
Bureau movement, will address the
second meeting, the date of which is
Sept. 9. At the third meeting on
Sept. 1 the speaker will be Dr. Geo.
E. Vincent. William Allan White,
the noted Kansas editor and novelist
and one of the leaders of the former
Progressive party, will be heard on
the subject of Prohibition at the next
meeting, the date for which is yet to
be fixed. The first of these meetings
will take place at the terrace on the
Sanford school grounds and the oth
ers in the school gym.
Another unpleasant episode adding
to the series produced bv the nn-
inenaiy relations between Mrs. F. A.
Ranney and Duncan Gray, neighbors
at the foot of Redding Glen, occur
red on Tuesday afternoon. Mrs.
Ranney s son, aged 14, was leading
with a long rope a heifer from Gray's
land when Gray appeared carrying
two clnbs one of which he threw. It
barely missed the boy's head and
striking the heifer set her off on a
wild run. The boy pluckily held to
the rope until forced to give up from
exhaustion. He is in rather delicate
health and being completely pros
trated by his exertions his mother
fears that fhe ill effects will be per
manent. The boy says that besides
throwing the club Gray assailed him
with abusive and threatening langu
age. The selectmen at their meet
ing last week, received another in
direct request from Mrs. Ranney to
adjust the fence controversy between
herself and Gray and sent back word
that she should present her applica
tion In person. Selectman Sanford
denies a report thatne of the mem
bers of the board has said that Mrs.
Ranney must do all the fence build-
' ing for the reason that Gray keeps
no live stock. He says he made no
I such absurd declaration and feels
, sure that neither of his associates
did.
j Peter Osborn has sold his property
In West Reddine- mmnridno mnd
sized house and about two acres to
John Wheeler, of the firm of San
ford & Wheeler. The price was about
$5,000. Mr. Osborn will remove to
Those from Redding who attended
the dinner given Congressman Merritt
at Danbury last week were Albert
A. Gorham, chairman of the Repub
lican town committee; Deputy Sheriff
Banks, F. A. Judd, M. B. Burr, S. C.
Shaw, Milo L. Osborn, and Dr. Wil
liam Ford.
The property to the east of Pleas
ant Valley owned by the late Edna
Goodsell has been sold by W. C. San-
ford, administrator, to Mrs. Irving
Patterson of Easton.'
It consists of
a dwelling and about six acres of
land.
The Catholic parish will hold a
lawn party and sale on Wednesday
and Thursday of the last week of
this month at the Sanford School
grounds and gym.
The regular monthly meeting of the
Men's club takes place this (Thurs
day) evening at the Community
House. The speaker is to be Prof.
Louis Treadwell of Vassar College, a
native of Redding.
Henry Canfield, founder of the
Bridgeport Boys' club and present
probation officer for all the city's
courts, is spending two or three
weeks at the Ridgefield Inn, it being
his first real visit since he left this
town in 1868. Of the older people
whom he then knew Miss J. H. San
ford and her brother, Jesse, are al
most the only survivors, while near
ly all his childhood associates are
either removed elsewhere or dead.
Tlie lamage .done by four youths
from the Rogers-Peet camp who
broke windows in Albert Williams'
tenement house and thereby damaged
a lot of feed has been settled for by
Frank R. Chamibers.
As Rev. Mr. Cunningham is to be
out of town next Sunday the ftn'w-
pal church people have been invited
by Rev. Mr. Cook to attend service at
the Center Congregational.
The motorizing fund of Fire Co. No.
1 is nearing its objective, the present
total being $450. This leaves only $50
to be raised from the 60 prospects so
far unresponsive.
Mrs. P. Britt Nash and daughter of
Yonlkers, N. Y., are visiting Mrs. W.
B. Hazen and Mrs. Charles Hill on
the west side.
Owing to the threatening weather
the church and community outing to
have been held at Compo Beach last
Friday was postponed for about two
weeks.
The cantata "Esther" will be pre
sented on the Sanford school grounds
on the evenings of Aug. 20 ami 21, the
platform serving as a stage.
A Miss Nolan of Danbury has been
engaged to teach the lower grade of
the Center school for the coming year
Mr. and Mrs. B. A. PJnkney are vis.
iting their daughter in New RocJ.
Joseph Keating has bought another
car, a used Moon.
G. O. P. CONVENTION.
Wheeling, W. Va, Aug. 12 Adop
tion of a platform and the nomination
of a candidate for Supreme Court jus
tice was the program of the day be
fore the Republican state convention
which convened here at 10 o'clock
this morning. The two subjects most
freely discussed were the advisability
of openly declaring in a platform
against any form of the League of
Nations, and the question of declaring
for the repeal of the existing primary
election law.
KTR.RY APPARENTLY DEFEATED.
Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 12 TJ. S.
Senator William F. Kirby apparently
was defeated for renomination by
Representative Thaddeus H. Caraway
in Tuesday's statewide Democratic
primary, unofficial returns from more
than two-thirds of the state showed
today. Senator Kirby -"characterized
by President Wilson' as one of the
"wilful" senators, was attacked by his
opponent during the campaign for hi
opposition to the national adminis
tration in the eany stages of the war.
SIGN PEACE WITH RUSSIA.
London, Aug. 12 Letvia signed a
peace tr-eaty with Russia on Wednes
day, says a Riga despatch to the Lon -don
Times.
Helsingfors, Finland. Aug. 12
Russia and Finland agreed upon
armistice conditions at Dorpat Wed
nesday. REMOVE NAVAL GOVERNOR
San Francisco, Aug. 12 Removal
of Commander W. J. Terhune as na
val governor of American Samoa, re
cently reported in Washington ad
vices, followed demands from officers
and natives of Samoa for an official
inquiry into the administration of the
islands, according to advices from
Samoa made public here today.
REAL ESTATE MEN
ORGANIZE, ELECT
The Real Estate Board of Bridge
port was formed last night at a meet
ing of the city's leading real estate
dealers called by A. H. MacKenzie in
charge of the commercial division of
the Chamber of Commerce.
Officers were chosen as follows:
President, A. H .Hancock; vice presi
dent, B. F. Cooney; secretary-treasurer,
Percy P. Anderson; executive
committee, the foregoing officers and
Walter M. Redfield and Lacey R.
Blackman.
GREAT BRITAIN'S
EXTERNAL DEBT
London, Aug. 12. Great Britain's
external debt on March 31 last
amounted to 1,277,888,000 pounds,
according to a White Paper recently
published. Of this amount 1,046,7T4,
000 is due to the United States in
eluding some small amounts borrowed
from Continental countries which
have to be paid back in United States
dollars.
BABE RUTH NOT
SERIOUSLY INJURED
Cleveland, O.. Aug. 12 The Cleve
land ball clubs physician said today
that 'Babe Ruth would be able to play
this afternoon, wearing an elastic knee
bandage. An X-ray photograph
shows there were no bones broken and
no torn ligaments, the injury suf
fered in yesterday's game being only
a wrench
TO DISCUSS WRANGEL
London, Aug. 12 It was unoffici
ally reported this afternoon that Pre
mier Lloyd George and Earl Curzon,
the secretary for foreign affairs, plan
to meet Premier Millerand at Bou
logne on Sunday to discuss the situa
tion arising from the recognition of
General Wrangel.
TROLLEYS STILL
IN THE LEAD
(Continued from Page One)
opinions from other people besides
the trolley crew."
"I should say no trolleys. Never
missed my morning train except when
I rode in trolley.",
"Sell the trolleys to Jacob Bros.
The jitneys are for working people.
Private cars for trolley sympathiz
ers." Jitneys are clean.
"Troiieys make good lobster pots i
for the lobsters that patronize them.
Jitneys have good service."
"The Hell with the trolley cars.
The streets look good without them."
"Because jitneys cai take short
cuts, and trolleys have to follow the
tracks." ,
"Give business people better service
in the center of the city at 5 p. m."
"Quick sen-ice and short cuts."
"Give good service in center of
city."
"A five cent fare is handy. You
do-'t have to bother with pennies."
"Trollej-s too expensive."
"Jitneys, of course. Trolleys never
gave such good service as jitneys do."
"I hope that person in the paper
Aug. 9 will get his cyanide easily."
A Letter.
Bridgeport, Aug. 11. 1920.
Bridgeport Times:
Mr. Eeditor In looking over vour
paper I observe an item concerning
the trolley-jitney controversy includ
ing a voting contest.
As so many other people have done,
I feel it my right and privilege to add
my opinion to the list and express my
self in an impartial manner.
Therefore let? me say: The trolley
has been in existence for some 30
years and when we look back over
that space of time many of us re
member very plainly how we often
laughed over the trials and tribula
tions of the trolleymen in the old days
of the establishment of the measley
trolley cars and how the general pub-,
lie finally approved the natural evo
lution of the present-day trolley sys
tem. We may also find fault with the
jitney system as it is in this city to
day, but if we wish to be fair to both
parties we must acknowledge that the
jitney is giving us service when the
trolley company went on strike
against the city, deliberately trying to
influence the decision of the court by
publishing or even only notifying the
heads of the city government that the
trolleys would stop running if the de
cision of the court was in favor of
the jitneurs.
Give the jitneys a fair chance as
well as you gave the trolley a chance
in days of old and see for yourself
-that the trolley is doomed to die a
most natural death of evolution and
the jitney will take its place as a
means of transporting the public, with
the only difference that the trolley
company in this lively little city of
Bridgeport has hurried the deaih. of
its existence at a premature moment,
which in other words might be ex
pressed as: Give the jitney a chance
to standardize its service and equip
ment by incorporating them properly
unless the trolley service is establish
ed at a five cent fare with a two
cent transfer within city limits, set
ting a time limit for the resumption
of the trolley service.
We certainly are getting along quite
nicely without the trolley and if we go
ahead and keep our jitney service we
are simply the leaders in becoming a
trolleyless city by evolution.
The trolley side: Slow, noisy, and
when we had oo jitneys we took a lot
of pleasure in kicking because of
strap-hanging, poor ventilation and a
few other things which we are finding
fault with the jitney about now.
The jitney is a new thing, much
quicker, just as safe in the hands of
a good driver and in a shrt time we
will see a big improvement in the ser
vice if we are willing to give them a
fair deal.
If necessary have the jitney corpor
ation pay something toward the up
keep of the city streets used by their
routes, but by all means let us remain
the leaders of a movement of evolu
tion which the trolley company
through their short-sightedness
forced upon us.
T. F. Schaeffer.
MANY NEWSPAPERS
MUST SUSPEND
New York, Aug. 12 Many news
papers will have to suspend publica
tion, because production and ship
ment of print paper must cease, un
less the Interstate Commerce Com
mission modifies its priority orders in
allocating coal and wood cars, Philip
T. Dodge, president of the Interna
tional Paper Company, declared here
today.
EXPRESS COMPANIES
WANT HIGHER RATES
"Washington, Aug". 12. iPermission to
increase express rat es to aTxsorb th e
wage awards of the railroad labor
board, at Oiicagx) estimated at $43,
800,8K was asked from the Interstate
Coram ere e. Coram issi on t o dia y by th e
American Railway Express Company.
The express company also asked
authority to increase by 20 per cent,
its rates on milk and cream to meet
the increase granted the railroads on
the same commodities.
WILL PROTEST A
MURDER BY CHINESE
San Francisco, Aug. 12 Mrs. Mary
Remert, who has arrived here from
China, declared that a protest would
be laid before the state department
over the murder of her husband, Dr.
W. A. Remert, of Allentown, Pa., a
missionery, by an officer of the rebel
Chief, General Chang Tinm Tao's
forces.
He was killed June 13 at the gate
of Huping College in Hunan prov
ince when he refused to grim ft the
officer's command. Mrs. Remert and
her eldest child witnessed the shoot
ing. If the "white collar man" does not
like his pay under present conditions,
there are a lot of job's out on the
farms of Fairfield county waiting for
him.
In estimating the essential and in
evitable expenses of running an auto
mobile, don't forget the fines for
reckless driving.
A flying boat service accommodat
ing five passengers on each trip be
tween Toronto, Canada and the Mus
koka Lakes has been established with
Colonel Bishop, the famous Canadian
flier, in charge.
M. D. Blondel
A Suicide
Mercer D. Blondel, the well
known lawyer, killed himself
in his office at 1024 Main St.,
this afternoon. He locked him-
self in his office and shot him
self in the temple. He was
dead when the police broke in
to the office.
POLISH FORGES
OUTNUMBERED
OVER 2 TO
1
Trotzky Says Europe Will
Be Bolshevik in
Year.
Washington, Aug. 12 Polish forces
defending Warsaw are outnumbered
about 2 1-2 to 1. Comprehensive de
tails received today in official circles
here place the ration strength of the
Soviet army on the Polish front at
350.000 men. The strength of the
Poles has been estimated at 140,000.
Twenty-six Soviet infantry divi
skNOT have been identified as facing
the Polish army in the front line, with
thirteen divisions in reserve. In ad
dition ten cavalry divisions have been
noted in active operation at the front
with two such divisions in reserve.
Besides the 39 infantry divisions
'reported on the Polish front the Bol
sheviki are estimated to have scat
tered in other parts of Russia, 2 5
others as well as two cavalry divi
sions. Contrary to previous reports Gen
eral Sergius Kameneff and not Gen
eral Brusiloff, commands the entire
Soviet forces on the Polish front and
it is said there is not a German officer
in the army. General Kameneff for
merly commanded the troops fighting
Kolchak on the eastern front and as
a result of his victories in that area
was promoted to his present command.
The Bolshevik! army on the Polish
front is reported to be divided into
two armies, the northern in command
of General Toucacheski, who is only
27 years of age ,and the southern-commanded
toy General Tecoroff. Both
commanders were officers in the Czar's
army.
General Brusiloff is known to be
chief of a military council at Maecow
which has been preparing military
plans against Poland. With him are
associated many of the general staff
officers of the old regime.
One of the most successful Bolshevik;
officers is General Budenny, com
mander of cavalry, whose tactics on
the Polish front, according to military
authorities, largely have made possi
ble the Bolshevist successes in the
south.
Warsaw, Aug. 11 (By the A. P.)
Minister of War Trotzky has arriv
ed at Bialystok, just behind the So
viet front and has set up headquar
ters there, according to reports.
Speaking in Vilna, the capital of Li
thuania recently, he announced So
viet Russia had been officially re
cognized by the western powers and
that M. Krassin and M. Kameneff,
heads of the Bolshevik commercial
mission to Great Britain had been
received at London with the cere
monials usually accorded foreign am
bassadors' He asserted Bolshevism
was "more powerful than ever and
would soon spread to other coun
tries." "In a year," he continued, "all
Europe will be Bolshevik."
Warsaw newspapers publish inter
views with soldiers who declare the
Bolsheviki advancing upon this city
claim they have come to exterminate
the Bourgeoisie and distribute the
land among peasants. It is asserted
they impartially pillage mansions
farms and cottages and either forcibly
enlist the men in the country or send
them to the rear.
In the Bialystok district the Bol
sheviki took a number of hostages,
threatening to shoot them if food
supplies are not delivered to the So
viet army within a specified time. It
is said the country behind the Bol-
sheviki lines is suffering from famine
as all grain had been requisitioned
and sent eastward by the Bolshevik
authorities.
Bolshevik prisoners say that the
high command of the Soviet armies
fears a reverse before Warsaw and
is hastily preparing positions to which
it can withdraw in case of defeat.
Warsaw, . Aug. 11 Hundreds of
conveyances of all descriptions load
ed with barbed wire and driven -y
boys and old men are streaming
through the Poii-h "capital toward
the battlefront. Mingled with them
along the roads are endless trains of
supply wagons which are guarded by
elderly civilians armed with rifles. All
able bodied men are being relieved
from other duties, so they may be
made available in the fight for the
defense of Warsaw.
Women soldiers are hurrying from
place to place acting as couriers, and
French military mission efficers are
showing extreme activity, racing
around the city in automobiles.
As the fighting front draws nearer
Warsaw squads of citizens wearing
their ordinary civilian clothes and
straw hats but armed with rifles, are
drilling in many parts of the city. As
the determined looking groups pass
through the streets many boys in
knickerbockers, elderly men and well-to-do
merchants are to be seen side
by side with the more usual type of
fighter in the ranks. Class distinc
tions are being forgotten or brushed
aside.
Newspaper accounts of the prepara
tions declare that the spirit of the
people is to defend Warsaw, repel the
invader and not to count the cost in
blood.
The government although it -will
not concede that a date has been set
for the evacuation of the city, is
gradually moving away the important
state documents, the packing of which
began several days ago.
Constantinople, Aug. 10 Bolshevik
forces in southern Russia are strik
ing at the extreme flanks of General
Baron Wrangel's army north of the
Crimean peninsula, according to des
patches here. Three Soviet divisions
totalling 6,000 men crossed the
Dnieper river on August 7 almost
directly across the stream from the
city of Kherson, and advanced sev-
eral versts southward. Two Bolshe-
20,000 MILLIONAIRES
IN THE tiMTED STATES
Washington, Aug. 12 Approxi
mately 50,000 persons new may class
ify themselves as members of the
"millionaire group," the federal in
come tax returns indicate.
The grou.p, as unofficially computed
here, includes i the members of the
families of 20,000 persons who in
their returns confessed each to an
income of at least $50,000 in 1919.
This is the lowest probable return on
$1,000,000. Under this definition the
group, of course, would include many
high salaried executives. 'Some of
these no doubt could not show a 'Capi
tal wealth of $1,000.000.
War profits, however, are known to
have increased considerably the mil
lionaire group. In 1917 it numbered
only slightly more than 16,000.
Returns showing incomes of $50,000
to $750,000 a year Were filed by 15,917
heads of families, while 90 confessed
to annual incomes ranging from
$750,000 to $1,000,000. Persons with
incomes of more than $1,000,000 in
the 1919 return are estimated to have
increased to at least 162 from 141.
More than 4,000,000 heads of fam
ilies filed returns for 1919 according
to preliminary estimates of Internal
Revenue Bureau officials. At least
one-half are believed to represent
families whose annual income was
$2,000 or less.
With , a population estimated at
105,000,000 the United States now has
New Britain Girl
Killed By Mosquito
New Britain, Aug. 12 After several
days of suffering with blood poison
ing resulting from a mosquito bite.
Miss Helen Arute, about 18 years old,
died yesterday morning at the nome
of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John
Arute of 499 South Main street. The
young woman made a brave fight, her
life hanging in the balance for two
days, but died, despite all possible
medical assistance.
On Friday of last week. Miss Arute
noticed a swelling on her lip, which
appeared to be increasing in size and
on Saturday, the swelling spread to
her face. " Dr. John L. Kelly was
Ponzi, Unable To Pay,
Surrenders Himself
Boston, Aug. 12 Charles Ponzi. to-
day surrendered to the United States
marshal anjl a warrant for his arrest
is being prepared.
District Attorney Gallagher said
that Ponzi had surrendered because
he felt himself unable to carry out
promises he had made for the re
demption of his notes tomorrow.
Ponzi confessed in a formal state
ment yesterday that he was a former
convict.
SEARCH IN CANADA.
Montreal, Aug. 12 Detectives from
Boston and Philadelphia have been
here for several days making inquir
ies in Italian and banking circles re
garding Charles Ponzi, who admitted
in Boston yesterday that he had serv-
viki caivalry columns supported by
infantry are advancing southward
from Alexandrovsk along the west
side of the railway leading south to
Crimea. This is on the eastern end
of the south Russian battle front.
London, Aug. 12 Premier Lloyd
George has notified Leo Kameneff,
Soviet emissary here, that the Polish
government informed the British pre
mier that up to 9 p. m. Tuesday
Poland had not received a reply from
the Moscow government to the mes
sage of Poland expressing a willing
ness to send delegates to the armistice
and peace conference at Minsk.
Poland informed the British prime
minister that the Polish officer com
manding the sector beyond Siedlce
had just announced that the Russian
peace delegation had arrived in that
sector and not finding the Polish dele
gates, had stated that it would wait
until 10 o'clock Wednesday morning.
The premier further informed M.
Kameneff that Poland replied that
the Polish delegation was proceeding
to the front immediately to meet the
Russians and that if the Russian dele
gates still were there the Poles would
send their peace delegation immedi
ately. Poland further stated she was
notifying the Soviet authorities that
she was prepared to start her armis
tice and peace delegation for the
scene Wednesday night
Mr. Lloyd George totd NL. Kamenett'
he trusted he would expedite the pass
age of the Polish delegates to Minsk.
The premier called attention to the
refusals of the Russian wireless ser
vice to accept messages for the Soviet
government for Warsaw as reported
by the Poles, and said this raised a
justifiable suspicion and that it was
not conducive to a prompt and peace
ful solution of the crisis.
Moscow, Aug. 8 The Soviet For
eign Office today published despatches
exchanged between the Soviet gov
ernment and Great Britain in the
Polish crisis. M. Tchitcherin's last
note maintains his government's pre
vious attitude of refusing mediation
by any third party.
The Russian delegation will leave
tomorrow for Minsk.
M. Tchitcherin today despatched a
note of protest to the French govern-
ment against the shipment of contra-
band of war, including 28 airplanes
destined for General Wrangel to Odes-
sa on prisoner transports. The note
says the matter has been referred to
the mediation of Great Britain.
Johnnisburg, East Prussia, Aug. 11
(By the A. P.) Reports that
Mlawa. an important city on the Warsaw-Danzig
railway, was taken by the
Russian Bolsheviki on Tuesday and
that Soviet cavalry was within rifle
shot of Warsaw, the fall of which was
expected Thursday or Priday were
brought here today by a correspond
ent of the Koenigsberg Allgemeine
Zeitung.
Americans, British and French who
are fighting with the Poles against
the Bolsheviki are considered "fair
game to kill" by the common soldiers
of the Soviet army, it is declared by
the correspondent, who says the Bol
sheviki nave been told these fighters
are "bourgeoisie who. should be exterminated."
a "millionaire group" numbering one
in each 2,100.
Under special applications from
Congress the Internal Revenue Bu
reau is checking over returns to de
tect delinquents. Bureau officials
say many millions thus will be
brought into the treasury.
To collect the income and excess
profits tax, exclusive of the checking
over of the returns, costs 55 cents on
$100, officials said.
Approximately $4,000,000 was col
lecled by the bureau under a national
investigation begun June 16 to get in
delinquent taxes on sales of luxuries,
theatre admissions and transportation
charges.
The investigation is being pushed in
all big cities by flying squads of reve
nue agents armed with full authority
to compel the opening of books,
papers and other documents by per
sons and concerns suspected of hav
ing falsified returns. Persons believ
ed to have knowledge of fraudulent
returns can be summoned and made
to give testimony under oath.
After the investigation started con
cerns in some cities Degan id sena m
"amended" tax returns, which gener
ally showed a larger tax due the gov
ernment. In these cases the bureau
accepted the amendment and the ad
ditional tax, adopting a policy of len
iency toward the offenders.
summoned and he attributed the
swelling to a bite on the lip, probably
fro ma mosquito. He called Dr. Clif
ton of Hartford, but their efforts were
fruitless.
The young woman's face and neck
continued to swell and her lips be
came sore and swollen so that her
mouth was hardly visible. Since
Monday the physicians and the young
woman's family realized that she had
only a slight chance for recovery, ow
ing to the rapidity with which the
poiscn spread, and her death, while
a great shock, was not unexpected.
ed a prison term in the St. Vincent
do Paul penitentiary.
Complete copies of the records in
the case charging forgery against
Ponzi, for which he was sentenced in
1908 to three years' imprisonment,
and for which he claims to have
served 20 months, are being made by
the detectives. They refuse to tell
whom they represented.
FUNDS GONE.
Boston, Aug. 12 Bank Commis
sioner Allen announced this afternoon
that the capital of the Hanover Trust
Company probably had been com
pletely wiped out. The bank was clos
ed by the commissioner yesterday.
Charles Ponzi had been a director up
to yesterday.
The correspondent, who spent some
time along the Bolsheviki front, said
he had been given most courteous
consideration as a representative of
tbe German press and conducted him
along the front and permitted him to
witness a battle between Soviet cav
alry and Polish infantry. Bolshevik
cavalry, he said, is excellently disei
plinied and equipped with machine
guns which are operated from the
saddle. The men, however, presented
a ragged appearance.
The wild country between Lomza
and Koklono is infested with bandits
who are preying on the population,
according to Bolshevik reports.
Russian forces have occupied Sol
dau, a town in East Prussia, northwest
of Mlawa, by consent of the German
inhabitants, according to rumors here.
ENDEAVORING TO GET
PEACE IN VERA CRUZ
Vera Cruz, Augr. 3 2 Efforts are
being made by the federal and state
governments to peaceably reach a so
lution of the controversy wlich has
arisen through the order ol Provi
sional President Pel-a Hueita dis
missing Antonio Xava from tffice as
f governor. General Guadaluie San
i ohez has returned from Mexco Cit
to jaiapa, ana nas arranged aa inter-
vrcw wiui uvKrnur ixava. ne re
suit of this conversation Mil ha
communicated to the proisional
president.
General Manuel Pelaez, Drmer
rebel leader, is being urged V hig
supporters to become a candidat for
governor.
MNTS
ON Bl
An attachment of $150,000 wa
made yesterday on the Blue Ribboi
Oarage, Inc., by Attorney Solomon
Badesch, representing Abraham Heg
ler, 1056 East Main street on allega-
tions of violating a contract for the
delivery of twenty buses. The papers
were served yesterday afternoon by
Sheriff Oscar Danenberg, and A.
I Slavatsky was placed in charge of
the property. The case is returnab!
to the September term of the Superior
court.
.bairnela avenue and liu cannon
street, was incorporated in October,
1903, by Johannes Echiott, William
E. Seeley and John T. King for $10.-:
000. The ccmp'aint alleges that
with the defendant on or about
March 30, 1920, whereby the latter
was to sell and deliver to the plain
tiff twenty Tackard buses. Hagler
claims that because of the present
f-T-rnfv--iitrev situation, the defend-
' t h,nhri the contract and so'.d
buses of its own accord.
lard, who have carried the full rank
of general during the war. return to
$150,08)
S CONTRACT
the lower rank of major-general.

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