Newspaper Page Text
The Richmond Pailadium, Tuesday, June 5, 1906.
THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM ROOSEVELT'S BLOW AT Palladium Printing Co., Publishers. Masonic Building, North 9th and A Streets. President Sends Message to Congress Urging Immediate Action That Shall Secure Adequate Inspection of Meat-food Products That Come from Great Chicago Slaughtering and Packing Houses The frightful Conditions That Were Recently Revealed are Almost Beyond Belief Entered at Richmond Postofflce at second class matter. STOCKYARDS Weekly Established 1831. Daily Established 1876. TEhMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. By Mail in Advance. Dally, one year 13.00.. Daily, aix', months 1.50 Daily, ttjreo months, 75 Dally, one month. 25 BY CARRIER, 7 CENTS A WEEK. Perrons wishing to take the PALLA DIUM by carrier may o.der by postal or telephone either 'phone No. 21. When delivery la irregular kindly make complaint. The PALLADIUM will be found et the following places: Palladium Office. , Westcott Hotel. Arlington Hotel. Union News Company Depot. Gates Cigar Store, West Main. The Empire Cigar Store. TWO CENTS AT ALL PLACES OF SALE. TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 1906. REV. KUHN vs. TACI3ART. The Democrats mc arGreenfieL last Saturday, and in a cut and dried fashion nominated the Rev. ?fr. Kuhn for congress. And the Rev. Mr. Kuhn was started out in political life by a declaration of Independency, accepted tho nomination and is today nothing more or le3S than tho Democratic can didate for congress, whllo inddpenden- r r Vina Hrtnn mir n ir, tflA wfttfJa Rov. Kuhn declares that he Is enter ing politics only to serve the interests of tho American people. Surely the Rev. Kuhn does not expect us to be lieve that when he comes forth as a candidate with the permission of Thomas Taggart, tho Democrat "Boss" of the State. And the Rev. Kuhn's candidacy can mean nothing else than that he Is In perfect accord with "Boss" Taggart, for Taggart's faith ful lieutenants controlled the Demo cratic convention at Greenfield. Now Taggart Is the proprietor of a gambl ing joint at French Lick, and the Rev. Kuhn Is the pastor of a church in Richmond, yet the Rev. Kuhn is will ing to accept aid from such a man as Taggart in order to get into congress. It would be interesting to hear the Rev. Kuhn's ideas on this subject, and how he expects to ea3e his conscience for working in tho interests of such a dlsregarder of law, whether moral, ethical or common, as Thomas Tag gart. The Democrats are all for harmony now. At the convention the other day every possible effort was made to bolster up Tom Taggart's stir. Tho chief cry was, "What if Taggart is a gambling house keeper? He is a mighty good fellow anyway." Nice sentiments for the Democratic party to place before .the voters of the sixth . district and then expect them to sup "port Taggart's man, the Rev. Kuhn. President Roosevelt's fame as a re former Increases every day. Tho cit izens of our little sister republic at Panama are appealing to him to use his influence to ; procure for them a pure ballot. When he gets through with the Beef Trust, the Standard Oil Trust, the Railroad Trust, and the hundred and one other trusts, maybe he will have time to help Panama get a "square deal" at the polls, If all millionaires were like Mr. N. O. Nelson, the St. Louis philanthro pist and advocate a profit sharing oasis xor lactones, our country would not now bo beset with such human vultures as Armour, Rockefeller, and the rest of the precious crowd. '.'resident Cassatt of the Pennsylva i Railroad is said to be very ner vous over the exposure concerning his road. Poor man. It Is certainly a great pity our government cannot keep its hands off these poor law abiding railroads and corporations, and let them continue In peace their "depredations on the American people. Had Their Photos Taken. The county officials. Including the Commissioners and all, from Auditor Hanes to attic janitor, posed yester day afternoon In front of the Court House building, for their pictures. Tho venerable commissoners sat in tho middle of the group and other men, as befitted their rank, were close irouud- Publishers' Press Washington, June 4. President Roosevelt's message to Congress, concerning the conditions in the Stock Yards of Chicago was communicated today to both Houses and in full was as follows: The Senate and House of Representatives: I transmit herewith the report of Mr. James Bronson Reynolds and Commissioner Charles P. Neill, the special committee whom I appointed to investigate into the conditions in the ctock yards of Chicago and report thsrecn to me. This report is of a preliminary nature. I submit it to you now because it shows the urgent need of immediate. action by the Congress in the direction of providing a drastic and thoroughgoing inspection by the Federal Government of all stock yards and packing houses and of their products, so far as the latter enter into in terstate or foreign commerce. The conditions shown by even this short irspection to exist in the Chicago stock yards are revolting. It is imperatively necessary in the interest of health and of decency that they should be radically changed. Under the existing law it is wholly impossible to secure satisfactory results. When my attention was first directed to this matter an investigation was made under the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of Agriculture. When the preliminary statements of this investigation were brought to my attention they chowed such defects in the law and such wholly une' pected conditions that I deemed it best to have a further immediate investigation by men not connected with the I ureau, and accordingly appointed Messrs. Reynolds and Neill. It was impossible under the existing law th t satisfactory work should be done by the Bureau of Animal Industry. I am now, however, examining the way in which the work actually was done. Before I had received the report of Messrs Reynolds and Neill I had directed that labels placed upon any package of meat food products should state only that the carcass of the animal from which the meat was taken had been inspected at the time of slaughter. If inspection of meat food pr ducts at all stages of preparation is not secured by the passage of the legislation recommended I shall feel compelled to order that inspection labels and certificates on canned products shall be used hereafter. The report shows that the stock yards and packing houses are not kept even reasonably clean, and that the method of handling and preparing food products is uncleanly and dangerous to health. Under existing law the National Government has no power to enforce inspection of the many forms of prepared meat food products that are daily going from the packing houses into interstate commerce. wing to an inadequate appropriation the Department of Agriculture ir, not even able to place inspectors in all ettablishments desiring them. The pre sent law prohibits the shipment, of uninspected meat to foreign countries, ! ut there is no provision forbidding the shipment of uninspected meat in Intirstate commerce, and thus the avei ues of interstate commerce are left open to traffic in diseased or spoiled meats. If, as has been alleged on cetmingly good authority further evils exist, such as the improper use of chimicals and dyes, the Government lacks power to remedy them. A law is needed which will enable the inspectors of the General Government to irspect and supervise from the hoof to the can the preparation of the meat fosd product. The evil seems to be mich less in the sale of dressed carcasses than in the sale of canned and other prepared products. In my judgment the expense of the inspection should be paid by a fee levied on each animal slaughtered. If this is not done, the whole purpose of the law can at any time be defeated through an insufficient appropriation; ' and whenever there was no particula - public interest in the subject it would be not only easy but natural thus to make the appropriation insufficient. If it were not for this consideration I should favor the Government paying for it. The alarm expressed In certali quarters concerning this feature should be allayed by a realization of the fact that in no case, under such a law, will the cost of inspection exceed 8 cents per head. I call special attention to the fact that this report is preliminary, and that the investigation is still unfinish ed. It le not yet possible to report on the alleged abuses in the use of deleterious chemical compounds in connec tion with canning and preserving me it products, nor on the alleged doctoring in this fashion of tainted meat and of products returned to the packers as having grown unsalable or unusable from age or from other reasons. Grave allegations are made in reference to abuses of this nature. Let me repeat that under the present law there is practically no method of stopping these abuses if they should be discovered to exist. Legislation ic needed in order to prevent the possibility of all abuses in the future. If no legislation is passed, then the excellent results accomplished by the work of this special committee will en dure only so long as the memory of the committee's work is fresh, and a recrudescence of the abuses is absolu tely certain. I urge the immediate enactment into law of provisions which will enable the Department of Agricuitare adequately to inspect the meat and meat-food products entering into interstate commerce and to supervise the methods of preparing the same, and to prescribe the sanitary coalitions under which the work shall be performed. I therefore commend to your favorable consideration and urge the enactment of substantially the provisions known as Senate amendment No. 29 to the act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1907, as passed by the Senate, this amendment being commonly known as the Bever idge amendment. ' Theodore Roosevelt. The White House, June 4, 1909. The official report of James Bronson Reynolds and Charles P. Neill, reveal frightful conditions existing in the Chicago packing houses.. The three most salient features follow: -X- . X- FRIGHTFUL NEGLECT OF SANITARY LAWS 4 Nothing snows more strikingly Sf the general indifference to mat- ters of cleanliness and sanitation tt than do the privies for both men and women. The prevailing type is made by cutting off a section of the workroom by a thin wood- -X- 'X- en partition rising to within a K- few feet of the ceiling. These K- privies usually ventilate Into the work room, though a few are found with a window opening in- -X- -X- to the outer air. Many are locat- ed in the inside corners of the -X- X- work rooms, and thus have no outside opening whatever. They are furnished with a row of seats generally without even side parti- tions. These rooms are some times used as cloakrooms for i the employees. Lunch rooms constructed in the same manner -X- -X- X- by boarding off a section of the -X- workroom, often adjoin the pri- -X- vies, me oaors oi wmcn aau 10 w w X- the generally insanitary state of the atmosphere. X- Abominable as the above-nam- -X- -X- X'ed conditions are, the one that -X- -X- affects most directly and serious- -X- -X- X- ly the cleanliness of the food pro- ducts is the frequent absence of -x any lavatory provisions in the -X- -x- privies. Washing sinks are either -X- not furnished at all or are small X- and dirty. Neither are towels, -X -X- soap, or toilet paper provided. x- Men and women return directly -x- -X- from these places to plunge their -x-X unwashed hands into the meat to X be converted into such food pro- ducts as sausage, dried beef, and 4fr -X- other compounds. Some of the 4c -X-X- privies are situated at a long dis- X-X- tance from tho workrooms, and -X- X- men relieve themselves on the -K- killing floors or in a corner of the -x-X- workrooms. -x- X--X--X-X--X-- SCHOOL BOOK PRICES No Changes Made in the Grammar and Histories at This i Time. County Sueprintendent Byrket has received from State Superintendent Fassett A. Cotton a price list of books for Indiana schools next year, as adopted by the State Board of Educa tion. Supt. Bryket Is furnishing the list to township trustees who are pre paring their book rcqulstions for the coming term. No changes are made in the gram mars and histories. The new spell ing books are quoted at 10 cents each. Old books and 7 cents will be accept ed for new books. The new physi ologies are priced at 50 cents Instead of. 60 as before. The old physiologies and 25 cents will be accepted for the new books. There are no important changes and the new schedule is ex pected to prove satisfactory to offi cials, parents and students. Orders for books must be placed soon, so as to make their delivery by the begin ning of the school term possible. SALIENT POINTS IN REPORT OP -X--X-45--X--X-X--X-4r-K- COMFORT OF EMPLOYES GETS NO CONSIDERATION In several establishments well managed restaurants were pro vided for the clerical force, and in one instance a smoking room was provided for them; but no provision was found anywhere for a place to eat for the male laborers. In pleasant weather they eat their luncheon sitting outdoors along the edge of the sidewalk, or any place where they can find standing room. In winter, however, and in incl-e ment weather, their lunches have to be eaten in rooms that in many cases are stifling and nau seating. Eating rooms are pro vided in a number of places for women workers in the various departments; and in most of the large establishments coffee is served them at a penny a cup. Beyond this meager consider ation for their convenience at meal times, scarcely any evi dence is found that anyone gave a thought to their comfort. The neglect on the part of their employers to recognize or pro vide for the requirements of cleanliness and decency of the employees must have an in fluence that can not be exagger ated in lowering the morals and discouraging cleanliness on the part of the workers employed in the packing houses. The whole situation as we say it in these huge establishments tends necessarily and inevitably to the moral degradation of thousands of workers, who are forced to spend their working hours under conditions that are entirely un necessary and unpardonable, and which are a constant menace not only to their own health, but to the health of the consumers. X-X- X- X-X- X- X X X X X X -X-X X-X-X- X-X- X- 4? X-X-X vr -X- X-X-X-X X X X- -X--X--X---X--X BIG HARVEST OF BERRIES. Kuth's Famous Farm East of Rich mond will Supply Thousands of Bushels to Local Markets. Kntys famous berry farm east of the city will furnish thousands of bushels of fruits to the local markets during the next two or three weeks. The harvest of strawbarries will begin on the Kuth farm before the end of this week. Raspberries and blackber ries will follow. In all more than 3,000 bushels will be picked from the fruit farm and sold in Richmond. To Finish Sheets Today. The County Auditor and his assist ants will finish up the tax settlement sheets today and they will be imme diately sent to Indianapolis. They will there be gone over and any mistake noted. The apportionments to town ship, county, state and city made by the State Auditor. INSPECTORS UN CLEAN LI NESS IN HANDLING PRODUCTS. -X-An absence of cleanliness was -X-also found everywhere in the -X-handling of meat being prepared for the various meat-food pro- -X ducts. After killing, carcasses -X are washed, and to the time they reach the cooling are handled in a fairly cleanly manner. The -X parts that leave the cooling room for treatment in bulk are also 4fr handled with regard to cleanli- ness, 'but the parts that are sent to those departments of the pack- -X ing houses in which various -X forms of meat products are pre- -x-pared are handled with no regard whatever for cleanliness. In some of the largest establish- ments sides that are sent to what is known as the boning room are thrown in a heap upon the floor. The workers climb over these heaps of meat, select the -x-pieces they wish, and frequently throw thew down upon the dirty -X floor beside their working bench. -X-Even in cutting the meat upon the bench-, the work is usually -x-held pressed against their aprons, and these aprons were, as a rule, -X-indescribably filthy. They were -X made in most cases of leather or X of rough sacking and bore long -X accumulated grease and dirt. In only a few places were suitable -X oilcloth aprons worn. Moreover, -X men were seen to climb from the -X-floor and stand, with shoes dirty with the refuse of the floors, on -x-the tables upon which the meat was handled. They were seen at the lunch hour sitting on the tab- -X les on the spot, on which the meat product was handled, and -X-all this under the very eye of the superintendent of the room, -x-showing that this was the com- -X-mon practice. -X- w4r-X--X-4r-X-4r LOST BOY IS LOCATED Floyd Showalter Found at Indianapolis Where he has Been at Work for Several Weeks. Through the efforts of Supt. Bailey of the local police department, Floyd Showalter of New Paris, O., has been located at Indianapolis where he has been at work for several weeks. Showalter disappeared from New Paris and the local police department was called upon to assist in locating him. Through the medium of cards bearing the discriptidn of the missing boy, sent to many cities, the Indiana polis department succeeded in locat ing him. Take Hood's Sarsaparilla I To purify, vitalize and enrich your blood, AMO ta m n sriMtlr an ta wmrr1-k liquid or tablets, 100 Doses One Dollar. ... NOTHINGBETTER ON THE MARKET ... BUGGIES(PHAETONS, SURVEYS, ETC Be Laushrd Last. A certain lady who wished to have some fun at the expense of an agent who had ofttimes solicited her to in sure herself and family,' asked him on one occasion if he would insure the cat. The agent, to the astonishment and no small amusement of some friends, promptly offered to do so, provided she paid the first premium down. The lady, still thinking to hoax him, ex pressed her willingness to do so, and placed a shilling on the table. The agent quickly produced a proposal, filled it in and obtained her signature while those present were on the tiptoe of expectancy as to what was to' fol low. "Now, madam, with your permission, may I see the cat?" "Certainly," she replied, at the same time pointing to a glass case which contained the stuffed remains of the poor defunct cat. A chorus of derisive laughter burst from all present, but to their dismay the agent turned, bowed politely, at the same time picking up the shilling, and exclaimed: "When that cat dies, madam, kindly call at our office and claim the insur ance money. Good morning." London Telegraph. The First Stove. The most Important uses of fire were taught by fire Itself. As the primitive man stood near the flames of the burn ing tree and felt their pleasant glow he learned that fire may add to bodily comfort, and when the flames swept through a forest and overtook: a deer and baked it he learned that fire might be used to improve the quality of his food. The hint was not lost. lie took a burning torch to his cave or hut and kindled him a fire on his floor of earth. His dwelling filled with smoke, but he could endure the discomfort for the sake of the fire's warmth and for the sake of the toothsomeness of the cook ed meats. After a time a hole was made in the roof of the hut, and through this hole the smoke passed out. Here was the first stove. The primi tive stove was the entire house, the floor was the fireplace and the hole in the roof was the chimney. The word "stove" originally meant "a heated room." So that if we should say that at first people lived in their stoves we would say that which is literally true. St. Nicholas. Practical Dlag-noatle Sla-n of Death. Dr. Ott of Lillebonne (through Jour nal des sciences medicales de Lille) suggests the following practical and simple method of ascertaining whether or not life is present: The point select ed is the forearm, which is quickly ac cessible, is free from hair and is easily exposed. The arm is extended horizon tally from the body and the forearm pronated. If the test is made in the open air a cloak Is held so as to shield the part from all motion of the atmos phere. The flame of a candle is now directly applied -to a spot on the fore arm, which is closely watched by the observer. At the end of a few seconds a swelling rapidly forms and bursts. If it contains air or gas the tissues are .lifeless. If it contains liquid or exuda tion life is present. A Protect. recaattoa. "Don't you kaow," defiantly asked the socialistic orator, "that the people are now crying out for Justice to keep her eye on the lawbreakers in high places?" "I don't care for that," returned the millionaire rebater, . "as long as her bandage doesn't slip off." Baltimore American. Oirnerahtp. "When I was younger," said Mr. Cumrox, "I looked forward to having a home of my own." "Well, haven't you got it?" "Well. it's mine legally, but I don't feel like using it much except when mother and the girls haven't compa ny." "Washington Star. STOIIIA. Bean tho im Kind Yoa Haw Always Bocgs u nas gone oui of fashion to boast of never reading ads. Those who do not nowadays are inclined to keep quiet about it, as they would about any other personal shortcoming. m'm' n-t"i i.-y i.nn.- i riMii ur-" H'lT'-tr-t-Mt nM , ,rt 11 'm'J JSEE OUR LINE BEFORE YOU H yfofle DOUBLE STAMPS, DOUBLE STAMPS! ON WEDNESDAY, PRICES AS LOW AS ANY PLACE IN THE CITY, f THE FOLLOWING ARE ONLY A FEW TO SHOW YOU WE ARE RIGIT IN LINE. Gold Medal, Gold Medal Flour, best JSpring Wheat Flour in Richmond per sack 70c or cwt. $2.75. Elkhorn and Pride of Richmond 19 pounds Granulated or 20 lbs. A Hoods Leader Coffee, Biggest Vaiie In the City of Richmond for th money, per lb. 15 cents. Hoods Fancy Blend, None can tdLch it at per lb and 23 stamps 25 eta. 3 Cans Fancy Corn, Peas, Kidnef 1 Gallon Fancy Sugar Drip Syrufc IN OUR DRY GOODS DEPARTMENT OUR SALE ON LAWNS AND CALICOS PER YARD 5 CENTS. Can Not be Equalled by anyoi Muslins, Muslins, 10 per cenw cheaper than any other firm In the city. All of these Qpmestics Were Bught save you the SPECIAL SAOE IN LADIOS SUN ULAR 25 CENT VALUE AT IB CENTS. Remember that or Lac Curtains we lead them all. Our customer say our patterns are tfflnict and the designs are the prettiest they have seen. Prices from 30 cenraTo $4.00 per pair. Store will be opened on Tuesday night until 9 o'clock. Come see what we have and for your cash we will give you better value than any other one. Come at 6o'clock Tuesday night and get Double Stamps. DOUBLE STAMPS. W ) ; i HOOD'S MODEL DEPARTMENT STQRE Trading Stamps with All Purchases. Free Delivery. New Phone 1079; Old Phone 13R. Store Open Tuesday, Friday and Saturday Evenings. 41 1-4 13. Main Street. - , , PERSONALLY CONDUCTED TOUR Chicago, Union Pacific & Noth-West-, em Line. Twelve exclusively first class per sonally conducted parties will leave Chicago, under the auspices of the Tourist Department1 of the Chicago, Union Pacific & North-Western Line, July 7th, July 18th, and August 4th, for Colorado, Utah, Yellowstone National .Park, Portland, Puget Sound points, The Yosemite, San Francisco and Southern California. All expenses of the journey are in cluded in the initial cost. All ar rangements for hotel accommoda tions, train schedules, etc., are pro vided for in advance. Write for itin eraries and full particulars to S. H. Hutchison, Manager Tourist Depart ment, 212 Clark St., Chicago, 111. (may 20-tfi State of Indiana, Wayne County, ss: Wayne Circuit Court, April Term, 1906. No. 14100. Byron C. Pyle vs. The unknown heirs, next of kiif, devisees, legatees, legal representat vea, successors and assigns of Robert Morrison, Albert C. Blanchard and D; nlel P. WiggVis, ,as ggnees of the Ri hmond Trading and Manufacturing Cc mpany, Robert Mor rison, Albert C. : tlanchard, Daniel P. Wiggins. William Clark, J. R. Prezing er, The successor and assigns of the Richmond Trading and Manufacturing Company. Be it known tlu t on the 19th day of April, 1906, the ai ove named plaintiff, by his attorney, filed his complaint against said defet dants, in the above entitled cause to quiet title to real, estate, together w th the affidavit of a competent person that said defen dants The unknov n heirs, next to kin, devisees, legatees and legal represen tatives, successors and assigns of Rob ert Morrison, Alb rt C. Blanchard and Daniel P. WIggir r assignees of the Richmond Trading and Manufacturing Company, Robert Morrison, Albert C. Blanchard, Daniel P. Wiggins, William Clark, J. R. Pre: inger; the success ors and assigns fof The Richmond Trading and Man ifacturing Company, are not residents of the State of In diana. Said defendant $ named above are therefore each h reby notified of the filing and penden iy of said complaint against them, a: d that unless they appear and answ :?r or demur thereto, at the calling o the said cause, on July 21. 1906, a c ay of the April Term 1906, of said Cc art, begun, held and continued at the Court House in the City of Rlchmonfl, on the first Monday of April, 1906, sld complaint and the matters and things therein alleged and contained, will ke taken as true, and the said cause determined in their ab sence. I Witness the plerk and the seal of said Court at the City of Richmond, this 19th day qf April, 1906. EDGAR M. HAAS, Clerk. WILLIAM C. CONVERSE, ' Attorney foriPlaintiff. da23-5-12 BUY. lO Fjbur at 60 Cents. Ir 21 lbs. X C Sugar $1.00. Beans or Pumpkin for 25 cents. 35 cents. Before the Advance and we can BONNETS AND SUN HATS REG CITY ADVERTISEMENT. - . tit ' : Department of Public Works. , Office of the Board. To Whom It May Concern: Notice is hereby given by the Board of Public Works of the City of Rich mond, Indiana, that on the 1st day of June, 1906, they approved an as sessment roll showlnghe prima fad assessments for. the following des cribed improvement.jas authorized by the Improvement Resolution named: Improvement Resolution Number 46. Providing for tgfe construction of 12 inch pipe sew in outh 21st street from South A stibet south to the Lin den Hill Trunk sewer. . " ; ! , Persona JntdFested or affected by said described public Improvement are hereby ndfified that the Board of Public Work of said city has fixed Wednesday. June 20th, 1900, as a datejipon which remonstrances will be Gteive or heard, against the amounassed each piece of proper erty dnemted in said roll and will determileffihe question as to whether such lotlf)r tracts of land have been or will VI benefited n the amounts named oir said roll, or in a greater or less sum than that named on said roll. Said assessment roll showing said prima facl assessments, with the names of owners and descriptions of property subject to be assessed, is on file and may be seen at the office of the Board of Public Works of said city. JOS. S. ZELLER, JOHN F. DAVENPORT. WILLIAM If. ROSA, Board of Public Work. June 4th-5th-6th-7th-si-0vh. NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. 1 - Notice is here- given that sealed proposals will beyeceived at the office of the Board ofJPublic Works of the City of RichmAd, Indiana, until 10 o'clock A. M., rlday June 15th, for the furnishing ml Coal for the' use of the City of Ricfmond, as follows: 200 Tons crfbondale, to be deliver ed at the Crfmatory. 150 Tons Poiohantos, or New River Mine Run oi Lump to be delivered at the Citv Buildings and Hose Houses. 8,000 to 10100 Tons Steam Coal, Nut and Slartc t(f be delivered at tha Mun icipal Ilectac Light & Power 'plant. The Boar J reserves the right to re ject ant an J all bids. Any rtlT information can be had by addrsilg or calling on the Board of PublicF'ork8. S. ZELLER, JOHN F. DAVENPORT, WILLIAM H.. ROSA,: ' Board of Public WTorka. may 29 and June 5th O. Bean ih Bigaatsx STOIIIA. pita Yob Hava Aiwrs Bacjjl