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The Richmond palladium. (Richmond, Ind.) 1906-1907, June 05, 1906, Image 4

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The Richmond Pailadium, Tuesday, June 5, 1906.
Palladium Printing Co., Publishers.
Masonic Building, North 9th and A
President Sends Message to Congress Urging Immediate Action That Shall Secure Adequate
Inspection of Meat-food Products That Come from Great Chicago Slaughtering and Packing
Houses The frightful Conditions That Were Recently Revealed are Almost Beyond Belief
Entered at Richmond Postofflce at
second class matter.
Weekly Established 1831.
Daily Established 1876.
By Mail in Advance.
Dally, one year 13.00..
Daily, aix', months 1.50
Daily, ttjreo months, 75
Dally, one month. 25
Perrons wishing to take the PALLA
DIUM by carrier may o.der by postal
or telephone either 'phone No. 21.
When delivery la irregular kindly
make complaint.
The PALLADIUM will be found et
the following places:
Palladium Office. ,
Westcott Hotel.
Arlington Hotel.
Union News Company Depot.
Gates Cigar Store, West Main.
The Empire Cigar Store.
TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 1906.
The Democrats mc arGreenfieL
last Saturday, and in a cut and dried
fashion nominated the Rev. ?fr. Kuhn
for congress. And the Rev. Mr. Kuhn
was started out in political life by a
declaration of Independency, accepted
tho nomination and is today nothing
more or le3S than tho Democratic can
didate for congress, whllo inddpenden-
r r Vina Hrtnn mir n ir, tflA wfttfJa
Rov. Kuhn declares that he Is enter
ing politics only to serve the interests
of tho American people. Surely the
Rev. Kuhn does not expect us to be
lieve that when he comes forth as a
candidate with the permission of
Thomas Taggart, tho Democrat "Boss"
of the State. And the Rev. Kuhn's
candidacy can mean nothing else than
that he Is In perfect accord with
"Boss" Taggart, for Taggart's faith
ful lieutenants controlled the Demo
cratic convention at Greenfield. Now
Taggart Is the proprietor of a gambl
ing joint at French Lick, and the Rev.
Kuhn Is the pastor of a church in
Richmond, yet the Rev. Kuhn is will
ing to accept aid from such a man as
Taggart in order to get into congress.
It would be interesting to hear the
Rev. Kuhn's ideas on this subject, and
how he expects to ea3e his conscience
for working in tho interests of such
a dlsregarder of law, whether moral,
ethical or common, as Thomas Tag
gart. The Democrats are all for harmony
now. At the convention the other
day every possible effort was made
to bolster up Tom Taggart's stir.
Tho chief cry was, "What if Taggart
is a gambling house keeper? He is a
mighty good fellow anyway." Nice
sentiments for the Democratic party
to place before .the voters of the sixth
. district and then expect them to sup
"port Taggart's man, the Rev. Kuhn.
President Roosevelt's fame as a re
former Increases every day. Tho cit
izens of our little sister republic at
Panama are appealing to him to use
his influence to ; procure for them a
pure ballot. When he gets through
with the Beef Trust, the Standard Oil
Trust, the Railroad Trust, and the
hundred and one other trusts, maybe
he will have time to help Panama get
a "square deal" at the polls,
If all millionaires were like Mr. N.
O. Nelson, the St. Louis philanthro
pist and advocate a profit sharing
oasis xor lactones, our country would
not now bo beset with such human
vultures as Armour, Rockefeller, and
the rest of the precious crowd.
'.'resident Cassatt of the Pennsylva
i Railroad is said to be very ner
vous over the exposure concerning
his road. Poor man. It Is certainly a
great pity our government cannot
keep its hands off these poor law
abiding railroads and corporations,
and let them continue In peace their
"depredations on the American people.
Had Their Photos Taken.
The county officials. Including the
Commissioners and all, from Auditor
Hanes to attic janitor, posed yester
day afternoon In front of the Court
House building, for their pictures.
Tho venerable commissoners sat in
tho middle of the group and other
men, as befitted their rank, were close
Publishers' Press
Washington, June 4. President Roosevelt's message to Congress, concerning the conditions in the Stock
Yards of Chicago was communicated today to both Houses and in full was as follows:
The Senate and House of Representatives:
I transmit herewith the report of Mr. James Bronson Reynolds and Commissioner Charles P. Neill, the
special committee whom I appointed to investigate into the conditions in the ctock yards of Chicago and report
thsrecn to me. This report is of a preliminary nature. I submit it to you now because it shows the urgent need
of immediate. action by the Congress in the direction of providing a drastic and thoroughgoing inspection by the
Federal Government of all stock yards and packing houses and of their products, so far as the latter enter into in
terstate or foreign commerce. The conditions shown by even this short irspection to exist in the Chicago stock
yards are revolting. It is imperatively necessary in the interest of health and of decency that they should be
radically changed. Under the existing law it is wholly impossible to secure satisfactory results.
When my attention was first directed to this matter an investigation was made under the Bureau of Animal
Industry of the Department of Agriculture. When the preliminary statements of this investigation were brought
to my attention they chowed such defects in the law and such wholly une' pected conditions that I deemed it best
to have a further immediate investigation by men not connected with the I ureau, and accordingly appointed
Messrs. Reynolds and Neill. It was impossible under the existing law th t satisfactory work should be done by
the Bureau of Animal Industry. I am now, however, examining the way in which the work actually was done.
Before I had received the report of Messrs Reynolds and Neill I had directed that labels placed upon any
package of meat food products should state only that the carcass of the animal from which the meat was taken
had been inspected at the time of slaughter. If inspection of meat food pr ducts at all stages of preparation is
not secured by the passage of the legislation recommended I shall feel compelled to order that inspection labels
and certificates on canned products shall be used hereafter.
The report shows that the stock yards and packing houses are not kept even reasonably clean, and that
the method of handling and preparing food products is uncleanly and dangerous to health. Under existing law
the National Government has no power to enforce inspection of the many forms of prepared meat food products
that are daily going from the packing houses into interstate commerce. wing to an inadequate appropriation
the Department of Agriculture ir, not even able to place inspectors in all ettablishments desiring them. The pre
sent law prohibits the shipment, of uninspected meat to foreign countries, ! ut there is no provision forbidding the
shipment of uninspected meat in Intirstate commerce, and thus the avei ues of interstate commerce are left
open to traffic in diseased or spoiled meats. If, as has been alleged on cetmingly good authority further evils
exist, such as the improper use of chimicals and dyes, the Government lacks power to remedy them. A law is
needed which will enable the inspectors of the General Government to irspect and supervise from the hoof to
the can the preparation of the meat fosd product. The evil seems to be mich less in the sale of dressed carcasses
than in the sale of canned and other prepared products.
In my judgment the expense of the inspection should be paid by a fee levied on each animal slaughtered. If
this is not done, the whole purpose of the law can at any time be defeated through an insufficient appropriation; '
and whenever there was no particula - public interest in the subject it would be not only easy but natural thus to
make the appropriation insufficient. If it were not for this consideration I should favor the Government paying
for it.
The alarm expressed In certali quarters concerning this feature should be allayed by a realization of the
fact that in no case, under such a law, will the cost of inspection exceed 8 cents per head.
I call special attention to the fact that this report is preliminary, and that the investigation is still unfinish
ed. It le not yet possible to report on the alleged abuses in the use of deleterious chemical compounds in connec
tion with canning and preserving me it products, nor on the alleged doctoring in this fashion of tainted meat and
of products returned to the packers as having grown unsalable or unusable from age or from other reasons.
Grave allegations are made in reference to abuses of this nature.
Let me repeat that under the present law there is practically no method of stopping these abuses if they
should be discovered to exist. Legislation ic needed in order to prevent the possibility of all abuses in the future.
If no legislation is passed, then the excellent results accomplished by the work of this special committee will en
dure only so long as the memory of the committee's work is fresh, and a recrudescence of the abuses is absolu
tely certain.
I urge the immediate enactment into law of provisions which will enable the Department of Agricuitare
adequately to inspect the meat and meat-food products entering into interstate commerce and to supervise the
methods of preparing the same, and to prescribe the sanitary coalitions under which the work shall be performed.
I therefore commend to your favorable consideration and urge the enactment of substantially the provisions
known as Senate amendment No. 29 to the act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1907, as passed by the Senate, this amendment being commonly known as the Bever
idge amendment.
' Theodore Roosevelt.
The White House, June 4, 1909.
The official report of James Bronson Reynolds and Charles P. Neill, reveal frightful conditions existing in
the Chicago packing houses.. The three most salient features follow:
-X- .
Nothing snows more strikingly
Sf the general indifference to mat-
ters of cleanliness and sanitation
tt than do the privies for both men
and women. The prevailing type
is made by cutting off a section
of the workroom by a thin wood- -X- 'X-
en partition rising to within a
K- few feet of the ceiling. These
K- privies usually ventilate Into the
work room, though a few are
found with a window opening in- -X- -X-
to the outer air. Many are locat-
ed in the inside corners of the -X-
X- work rooms, and thus have no
outside opening whatever. They
are furnished with a row of seats
generally without even side parti-
tions. These rooms are some
times used as cloakrooms for
i the employees. Lunch rooms
constructed in the same manner -X- -X-
X- by boarding off a section of the -X-
workroom, often adjoin the pri- -X-
vies, me oaors oi wmcn aau 10 w w
X- the generally insanitary state of
the atmosphere.
X- Abominable as the above-nam- -X- -X-
X'ed conditions are, the one that -X-
-X- affects most directly and serious- -X- -X-
X- ly the cleanliness of the food pro-
ducts is the frequent absence of -x
any lavatory provisions in the -X- -x-
privies. Washing sinks are either -X-
not furnished at all or are small
X- and dirty. Neither are towels, -X -X-
soap, or toilet paper provided.
x- Men and women return directly -x-
-X- from these places to plunge their -x-X
unwashed hands into the meat to
X be converted into such food pro-
ducts as sausage, dried beef, and 4fr -X-
other compounds. Some of the 4c -X-X-
privies are situated at a long dis- X-X-
tance from tho workrooms, and -X-
X- men relieve themselves on the -K-
killing floors or in a corner of the -x-X-
workrooms. -x-
No Changes Made in the Grammar
and Histories at This
i Time.
County Sueprintendent Byrket has
received from State Superintendent
Fassett A. Cotton a price list of books
for Indiana schools next year, as
adopted by the State Board of Educa
tion. Supt. Bryket Is furnishing the
list to township trustees who are pre
paring their book rcqulstions for the
coming term.
No changes are made in the gram
mars and histories. The new spell
ing books are quoted at 10 cents each.
Old books and 7 cents will be accept
ed for new books. The new physi
ologies are priced at 50 cents Instead
of. 60 as before. The old physiologies
and 25 cents will be accepted for the
new books. There are no important
changes and the new schedule is ex
pected to prove satisfactory to offi
cials, parents and students. Orders
for books must be placed soon, so as
to make their delivery by the begin
ning of the school term possible.
In several establishments well
managed restaurants were pro
vided for the clerical force, and
in one instance a smoking room
was provided for them; but no
provision was found anywhere
for a place to eat for the male
laborers. In pleasant weather
they eat their luncheon sitting
outdoors along the edge of the
sidewalk, or any place where
they can find standing room. In
winter, however, and in incl-e
ment weather, their lunches have
to be eaten in rooms that in
many cases are stifling and nau
seating. Eating rooms are pro
vided in a number of places for
women workers in the various
departments; and in most of the
large establishments coffee is
served them at a penny a cup.
Beyond this meager consider
ation for their convenience at
meal times, scarcely any evi
dence is found that anyone gave
a thought to their comfort.
The neglect on the part of their
employers to recognize or pro
vide for the requirements of
cleanliness and decency of the
employees must have an in
fluence that can not be exagger
ated in lowering the morals and
discouraging cleanliness on the
part of the workers employed
in the packing houses. The
whole situation as we say it in
these huge establishments tends
necessarily and inevitably to the
moral degradation of thousands
of workers, who are forced to
spend their working hours under
conditions that are entirely un
necessary and unpardonable, and
which are a constant menace not
only to their own health, but to
the health of the consumers.
X -X-X
Kuth's Famous Farm East of Rich
mond will Supply Thousands of
Bushels to Local Markets.
Kntys famous berry farm east of
the city will furnish thousands of
bushels of fruits to the local markets
during the next two or three weeks.
The harvest of strawbarries will begin
on the Kuth farm before the end of
this week. Raspberries and blackber
ries will follow. In all more than 3,000
bushels will be picked from the fruit
farm and sold in Richmond.
To Finish Sheets Today.
The County Auditor and his assist
ants will finish up the tax settlement
sheets today and they will be imme
diately sent to Indianapolis. They will
there be gone over and any mistake
noted. The apportionments to town
ship, county, state and city
made by the State Auditor.
absence of cleanliness was -X-also
found everywhere in the -X-handling
of meat being prepared
for the various meat-food pro- -X
ducts. After killing, carcasses -X
are washed, and to the time they
reach the cooling are handled in
a fairly cleanly manner. The -X
parts that leave the cooling room
for treatment in bulk are also 4fr
handled with regard to cleanli-
ness, 'but the parts that are sent
to those departments of the pack- -X
ing houses in which various -X
forms of meat products are pre- -x-pared
are handled with no regard
whatever for cleanliness. In
some of the largest establish-
ments sides that are sent to what
is known as the boning room
are thrown in a heap upon the
floor. The workers climb over
these heaps of meat, select the -x-pieces
they wish, and frequently
throw thew down upon the dirty -X
floor beside their working bench. -X-Even
in cutting the meat upon
the bench-, the work is usually -x-held
pressed against their aprons,
and these aprons were, as a rule, -X-indescribably
filthy. They were -X
made in most cases of leather or X
of rough sacking and bore long -X
accumulated grease and dirt. In
only a few places were suitable -X
oilcloth aprons worn. Moreover, -X
men were seen to climb from the -X-floor
and stand, with shoes dirty
with the refuse of the floors, on -x-the
tables upon which the meat
was handled. They were seen at
the lunch hour sitting on the tab- -X
les on the spot, on which the
meat product was handled, and -X-all
this under the very eye of the
superintendent of the room, -x-showing
that this was the com- -X-mon
practice. -X-
Floyd Showalter Found at Indianapolis
Where he has Been at Work
for Several Weeks.
Through the efforts of Supt. Bailey
of the local police department, Floyd
Showalter of New Paris, O., has been
located at Indianapolis where he has
been at work for several weeks.
Showalter disappeared from New
Paris and the local police department
was called upon to assist in locating
him. Through the medium of cards
bearing the discriptidn of the missing
boy, sent to many cities, the Indiana
polis department succeeded in locat
ing him.
Take Hood's
I To purify, vitalize and enrich your blood,
AMO ta m n sriMtlr an ta wmrr1-k
liquid or tablets, 100 Doses One Dollar.
Be Laushrd Last.
A certain lady who wished to have
some fun at the expense of an agent
who had ofttimes solicited her to in
sure herself and family,' asked him on
one occasion if he would insure the cat.
The agent, to the astonishment and no
small amusement of some friends,
promptly offered to do so, provided she
paid the first premium down. The
lady, still thinking to hoax him, ex
pressed her willingness to do so, and
placed a shilling on the table. The
agent quickly produced a proposal,
filled it in and obtained her signature
while those present were on the tiptoe
of expectancy as to what was to' fol
low. "Now, madam, with your permission,
may I see the cat?"
"Certainly," she replied, at the same
time pointing to a glass case which
contained the stuffed remains of the
poor defunct cat.
A chorus of derisive laughter burst
from all present, but to their dismay
the agent turned, bowed politely, at the
same time picking up the shilling, and
"When that cat dies, madam, kindly
call at our office and claim the insur
ance money. Good morning." London
The First Stove.
The most Important uses of fire were
taught by fire Itself. As the primitive
man stood near the flames of the burn
ing tree and felt their pleasant glow he
learned that fire may add to bodily
comfort, and when the flames swept
through a forest and overtook: a deer
and baked it he learned that fire might
be used to improve the quality of his
food. The hint was not lost. lie took
a burning torch to his cave or hut and
kindled him a fire on his floor of earth.
His dwelling filled with smoke, but he
could endure the discomfort for the
sake of the fire's warmth and for the
sake of the toothsomeness of the cook
ed meats. After a time a hole was
made in the roof of the hut, and
through this hole the smoke passed out.
Here was the first stove. The primi
tive stove was the entire house, the
floor was the fireplace and the hole in
the roof was the chimney. The word
"stove" originally meant "a heated
room." So that if we should say that
at first people lived in their stoves we
would say that which is literally true.
St. Nicholas.
Practical Dlag-noatle Sla-n of Death.
Dr. Ott of Lillebonne (through Jour
nal des sciences medicales de Lille)
suggests the following practical and
simple method of ascertaining whether
or not life is present: The point select
ed is the forearm, which is quickly ac
cessible, is free from hair and is easily
exposed. The arm is extended horizon
tally from the body and the forearm
pronated. If the test is made in the
open air a cloak Is held so as to shield
the part from all motion of the atmos
phere. The flame of a candle is now
directly applied -to a spot on the fore
arm, which is closely watched by the
observer. At the end of a few seconds
a swelling rapidly forms and bursts.
If it contains air or gas the tissues are
.lifeless. If it contains liquid or exuda
tion life is present.
A Protect. recaattoa.
"Don't you kaow," defiantly asked
the socialistic orator, "that the people
are now crying out for Justice to keep
her eye on the lawbreakers in high
"I don't care for that," returned the
millionaire rebater, . "as long as her
bandage doesn't slip off." Baltimore
"When I was younger," said Mr.
Cumrox, "I looked forward to having
a home of my own."
"Well, haven't you got it?"
"Well. it's mine legally, but I don't
feel like using it much except when
mother and the girls haven't compa
ny." "Washington Star.
Bean tho
im Kind Yoa Haw Always Bocgs
u nas gone oui of fashion
to boast of never reading ads.
Those who do not nowadays
are inclined to keep quiet
about it, as they would about
any other personal shortcoming.
m'm' n-t"i i.-y i.nn.- i riMii ur-" H'lT'-tr-t-Mt nM , ,rt 11 'm'J
Gold Medal, Gold Medal Flour, best JSpring Wheat Flour in Richmond
per sack 70c or cwt. $2.75.
Elkhorn and Pride of Richmond
19 pounds Granulated or 20 lbs. A
Hoods Leader Coffee, Biggest Vaiie In the City of Richmond for th
money, per lb. 15 cents.
Hoods Fancy Blend, None can tdLch it at per lb and 23 stamps 25 eta.
3 Cans Fancy Corn, Peas, Kidnef
1 Gallon Fancy Sugar Drip Syrufc
Can Not be Equalled by anyoi
Muslins, Muslins, 10 per cenw cheaper than any other firm In the city.
All of these Qpmestics Were Bught
save you the
Remember that or Lac Curtains we lead them all. Our customer
say our patterns are tfflnict and the designs are the prettiest they have
seen. Prices from 30 cenraTo $4.00 per pair.
Store will be opened on Tuesday night until 9 o'clock. Come see what
we have and for your cash we will give you better value than any other
one. Come at 6o'clock Tuesday night and get Double Stamps.
Trading Stamps with All Purchases. Free Delivery. New Phone
1079; Old Phone 13R. Store Open Tuesday, Friday and
Saturday Evenings. 41 1-4 13. Main Street. - , ,
Chicago, Union Pacific & Noth-West-,
em Line.
Twelve exclusively first class per
sonally conducted parties will leave
Chicago, under the auspices of the
Tourist Department1 of the Chicago,
Union Pacific & North-Western Line,
July 7th, July 18th, and August 4th,
for Colorado, Utah, Yellowstone
National .Park, Portland, Puget
Sound points, The Yosemite, San
Francisco and Southern California.
All expenses of the journey are in
cluded in the initial cost. All ar
rangements for hotel accommoda
tions, train schedules, etc., are pro
vided for in advance. Write for itin
eraries and full particulars to S. H.
Hutchison, Manager Tourist Depart
ment, 212 Clark St., Chicago, 111.
(may 20-tfi
State of Indiana, Wayne County, ss:
Wayne Circuit Court, April Term,
No. 14100.
Byron C. Pyle vs. The unknown
heirs, next of kiif, devisees, legatees,
legal representat vea, successors and
assigns of Robert Morrison, Albert C.
Blanchard and D; nlel P. WiggVis, ,as
ggnees of the Ri hmond Trading and
Manufacturing Cc mpany, Robert Mor
rison, Albert C. : tlanchard, Daniel P.
Wiggins. William Clark, J. R. Prezing
er, The successor and assigns of the
Richmond Trading and Manufacturing
Be it known tlu t on the 19th day of
April, 1906, the ai ove named plaintiff,
by his attorney, filed his complaint
against said defet dants, in the above
entitled cause to quiet title to real,
estate, together w th the affidavit of a
competent person that said defen
dants The unknov n heirs, next to kin,
devisees, legatees and legal represen
tatives, successors and assigns of Rob
ert Morrison, Alb rt C. Blanchard and
Daniel P. WIggir r assignees of the
Richmond Trading and Manufacturing
Company, Robert Morrison, Albert C.
Blanchard, Daniel P. Wiggins, William
Clark, J. R. Pre: inger; the success
ors and assigns fof The Richmond
Trading and Man ifacturing Company,
are not residents of the State of In
diana. Said defendant $ named above are
therefore each h reby notified of the
filing and penden iy of said complaint
against them, a: d that unless they
appear and answ :?r or demur thereto,
at the calling o the said cause, on
July 21. 1906, a c ay of the April Term
1906, of said Cc art, begun, held and
continued at the Court House in the
City of Rlchmonfl, on the first Monday
of April, 1906, sld complaint and the
matters and things therein alleged and
contained, will ke taken as true, and
the said cause determined in their ab
sence. I
Witness the plerk and the seal of
said Court at the City of Richmond,
this 19th day qf April, 1906.
Attorney foriPlaintiff. da23-5-12
Fjbur at 60 Cents.
Ir 21 lbs. X C Sugar $1.00.
Beans or Pumpkin for 25 cents.
35 cents.
Before the Advance and we can
- . tit ' :
Department of Public Works.
, Office of the Board.
To Whom It May Concern:
Notice is hereby given by the Board
of Public Works of the City of Rich
mond, Indiana, that on the 1st day
of June, 1906, they approved an as
sessment roll showlnghe prima fad
assessments for. the following des
cribed improvement.jas authorized by
the Improvement Resolution named:
Improvement Resolution Number 46.
Providing for tgfe construction of
12 inch pipe sew in outh 21st street
from South A stibet south to the Lin
den Hill Trunk sewer. . " ; ! ,
Persona JntdFested or affected by
said described public Improvement
are hereby ndfified that the Board of
Public Work of said city has fixed
Wednesday. June 20th, 1900, as a
datejipon which remonstrances will
be Gteive or heard, against the
amounassed each piece of proper
erty dnemted in said roll and will
determileffihe question as to whether
such lotlf)r tracts of land have been
or will VI benefited n the amounts
named oir said roll, or in a greater or
less sum than that named on said
Said assessment roll showing said
prima facl assessments, with the
names of owners and descriptions of
property subject to be assessed, is
on file and may be seen at the office
of the Board of Public Works of said
Board of Public Work.
June 4th-5th-6th-7th-si-0vh.
1 -
Notice is here- given that sealed
proposals will beyeceived at the office
of the Board ofJPublic Works of the
City of RichmAd, Indiana, until 10
o'clock A. M., rlday June 15th, for
the furnishing ml Coal for the' use of
the City of Ricfmond, as follows:
200 Tons crfbondale, to be deliver
ed at the Crfmatory.
150 Tons Poiohantos, or New River
Mine Run oi Lump to be delivered
at the Citv Buildings and Hose
8,000 to 10100 Tons Steam Coal, Nut
and Slartc t(f be delivered at tha Mun
icipal Ilectac Light & Power 'plant.
The Boar J reserves the right to re
ject ant an J all bids.
Any rtlT information can be had
by addrsilg or calling on the Board
of PublicF'ork8.
Board of Public WTorka.
may 29 and June 5th
Bean ih
pita Yob Hava Aiwrs Bacjjl

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