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Tne mcnmond Palladium, Wednesday, December 5, 1906.
rie PresMeifs Message Read Yesterday ingress C resident Roosevelt in bis annual pssage again urges the enactment of law prohibiting corporations from ntributing to campaign funds. lie so urges the passage of the measure nferring upon the government the ;ht of appeal In criminal cases on bestions of law. Continuing, the resident says: r cannot too strongly urge the pas ge of the Mil in question. A failure pass It will result in seriously ham ring the government in Its effort to tain Justice, especially against nlthy Individuals or corporation 10 do wrong, and may also prevent is government from obtaining Justice r wageworkers who are not them Ives able effectively to contest a case iere the Judgment of an inferior urt has been against them. I have ocificnlly In view a recent decision a district Judge leaving railway hployees without remedy for vlola- n of a' certain so called labor statute, e importance of enacting into law e particular bill in question is fur- t Increased by the fact that the gov- lment has now definitely begun a iicy of resorting to the criminal law those trust and Interstate commerce fees where such a course offers a rea dable chance of success. Proper Ta of Injunction. n my last message I suggested the jactment of a law in connection with Issuance of injunctions, attention ving been sharply drawn to the mat- by the demand that the right of ap ing injunctions In labor- cases puld be wholly abolished. It is at st doubtful whether a law abolish r altogether the use of Injunctions such cases would stand the test of h courts. In which case, of course, the islation would be ineffective. More- tr, I believe It would be wrong alto- her to prohibit- the use of Injunc- ns. It la criminal to permit sym- Jthy for criminals to weaken our Jnda In upholding the law, and If a seek to destroy life or property mob violence there should be no Im rment of the power of the courts to lil with them in the most summary a effective way possible. But so r as possible the abuse of the power puld be provided against by some h law as I advocated last 3 ear. Aitmlait Lrnchlng. call your attention and the atten- b of the nation to the prevalence of hue among us and, above oil, to the demic of lynching and mob violence it springs up now in one part of our mtry, now in another. Each Kec- p, nortn, soutn, ease or west, nas own faults. No section can with Rdom spend its time Jeering at the pits of another section. It should be y trying to amend its own short- nlngs. To deal with the crime of ; ruptiou It Is necessary to have an , akeued public conscience and to hplement this by whatever Iegisla- 11 will add speed and certainty In ? execution of the law. When we ii with lynching even more is neces y. A great many white men are icbed. but -the crime is peculiarly f quent in respect to black men. The latest existing cause of lynching is perpetration, especially by black u, of the hideous crime of rape, the st abominable in all the category crimes, even worse than murder. Lawlessness grows by what It feeds Ln. and when mobs bein to lynch rape they speedily extend the here of their operations and lynch many other kinds of crimes, so that b-thirds of the lynchlugs are not rape at all. while a considerable bportion of the Individuals lynched innocent of all crime, here is but one safe rule In dealing h black men as with white men. is the same rule that must be ap- fed in dealing with rich men and br men that is. to treat each man. atever his color, his creed or his so- j 1 position, with even handed justice his real worth as a man. White pie owe It quite as much to them- Ives as to the colored race to treat II the colored man who shows by life that he deserves such treatment. negro domination involved. u my judgment, the crime of. rape buld always be punished with death, is the case with murder, Assault ih intent to commit rape should be de a capital crime, at least in the cretion of the court, and provision buld be made by which the punlsn- nt may follow immediately upon heels of the offense. , '0 more shortsighted policy can be ligined than in the fancied Interest one class to prevent the education another class. The white man, If is wise, will decline to allow the rroes la a mass to grow to man- bd and womanhood without educa- Preacher" of Mere Discontent. In dealing with both labor and cap 1. with the questions affecting both kwratlons. and trades unions, there one matter more Important to re- mber than aught else, and that is Infinite harm done by preachers of re discontent These are the men o seek to excite a violent class ha- U against all men of wealth. They k to turn wise and proper move nts for the better control of corpora- hs and for doing away with the ises connected with wealth Into a kipaign of hysterical excitement and kebood ln which the aim Is to ln- Ine to madness the brutal passions mankind. The sinister demagogues S foolish visionaries who are always rer to undertake such a campaign i destruction sometimes seek to as iate themselves with those working a genuine reform la governmental 5 social methods and sometimes mas- frade as such reformers. In reality y " are the" worst" enemies of the bse they profess to advocate, just as purveyors of sensational slander In vspaper or magazine are the worst mies of all men who are engaged Ib bonest effort to better what Is bad Jour social and governmental condi- tis. orruption is never so rife as in com- nlties where the demagogue and the tator bear full sway, because in n communities all moral bands be be loosened, and hysteria and sensa LalMm replace the spirit of sound gmeut and fair dealing as between tne squalid onaiuny tnus produced" nien are sure in the end to turn toward any leader who can restore order, and then their relief at being free from the In tolerable burdens of class hatred, vio lence and demagogy is such that they cannot for some time be aroused to in dignation against misdeeds by men of wealth, so that they permit a new growth of the very abuses which were In part responsible for the original out break. The one hope for success for our people lies in a resolute and fear less but sane and cool Leaded advance along the path marked out last year by this very congress. There must be a stern refusal to be misled into fol lowing either that base creature who appeals and panders to the lowest in stincts and passions in order to arouse one set of Americans against their fel lows or that other creature, equally base, but no baser, 'who In a spirit of greed or to accumulate or add to an already huge fortune seeks to exploit his fellow Americans with callous dis regard to their welfare of soul and body. The man who debauches others ln order to obtain a high office stands on an evil equality of corruption with the man who debauches others for financial profit, and when hatred is sown me crop wuicn springs up can only be evil. The plain people who think the me- chanics, farmers, merchants, workers with head. or haud, the. men to whom American traditions are dear, who love their country alid try to act decently by their neighbors owe it to them selves to remember that the most dam aging blow that can be given popular government is to elect an unworthy and sinister agitator on a platform of violence and hypocrisy. Railroad Employees Iloan. I call your attention to the need of passing the bill limiting the number of hours of employment of railroad em ployees. The measure is a very moder ate one, and I can conceive of no seri ous objection to It. Indeed, so far as It is in our power, it should be our aim steadily to reduce the number of hours of labor, with as a goal the general in- j traduction of an eight hour day. There . are industries in which it is not pos slble that the hours of labor should be reduced, just as there are communi ties not far enough advanced for such a movement to be for their good, or, If j Cise tax. In addition to these, there is In the tropics, so situated that there is every reason why, when next our sys no analogy between their needs and tem of taxation is revised, the national ours In this matter. On the isthmus : government should impose a graduated of ranama, for Instance, the coudi- j inheritance tax and, if possible, a grad tions are in every waj- so different uated Income tax. from what they are here that an eight j 1 am well aware that such a subject hour day wouldlbe absurd, just as it as this needs long and careful study ln is absurd, so far as the isthmus Is con- order that the people may become fa cerned. w?rc white labor cannot be miliar with what is proposed to be employed, to bother as to whether the done, may clearly see the necessity of necessary work is done by alien black j proceeding with wisdom and self re- men or by alien yellow men. But the wageworkers of the United States are of so high a grade that alike from the merely industrial standpoint and from the civic standpoint It should be our object to do what we can In the direc tion of securing the general observance of an eight hour day. Lot me again urge that the congress provide for n thorough Investigation of the conditions of child labor and of the labor of women in the Uniled States. The horrors incident to the employment of young children in fac tories or at work" Anywhere are a blot on our civilization. In spite of all precautions exercised by employers there are unavoidable ac cidents and even' deaths Involved ln nearly every line of business connect ed with the mechanic crts. It is a great social injustice to compel the em ployee, or. rather, the family of the killed or disabled victim, to bear the entire burden of such an Inevitable sacrifice. In" other words, society shirks its duty by laying the whole cost on the victim, whereas the Injury comes from what may be called the legitl- mate risks of the trade. Compensation for accidents or deaths due In any line of Industry to the actual conditions un der which that Industry is carried on should be paid by that portion of the community for the benefit of whleh the industry is carried on that is, by those who profit hy the industry. If the entire trade risk is placed upon the employer, he will promptly and prop erly add It to the legitimate cost of pro duction and assess it proportionately upon the consumers of his commodity. It is therefore clear to my mind that the law should place this entire "risk of a trade" upon the employer. Capital and Labor Disputes. Records show that during tiv twen ty years from Jan. 1. 18S1, to Dec. 31, 1900, there were strikes affecting 117, I09 establishments, and 6.105,694 em ployees were thrown out of employ ment. During the same period there were 1,005 lockouts, involving nearly 10,000 establishments, throwing over 1,000.000 people out of employment. These strikes and lockouts Involved an estimated lass to employees of $307, 000,000 and to employers of $143,000, 000. a total of $150,000,000. The public suffered directly and indirectly prob ably as great additional loss. Many of these strikes and lockouts would not have occurred had the par ties to the dispute been required to appear before an unprejudiced body representing the nation and. face to face, state the reasons for their con tention. The exercise "of & Judicial spirit by a disinterested body repre senting the federal government, such as would be provided by a commission on conciliation and arbitration, would tend to create an atmosphere of friend liness and conciliation between con tending parties. Control of Corporations. It canuot too oftea be repeated that experience has conclusively shown the Impossibility of securing by the actions of nearly half a hundred different state legislatures anything but Ineffective chaos In the way of dealing with the great corporations which do not oper ate exclusively within the limits of any one state. In some method, wheth er by a national license law or in other fashion, we must exercise, and that at an early date, a far more complete control than at present over these great corporations a control that will, among other thiugs, prevent the evils of ex cessive overcapitalization and that will compel the disclosure by each big cor poration of its stockholders and of its rur-tiriii tn i squirm jcfcct!ua: aa- ea directly or through subsidiary or affiliated corporations. This will tend to put a stop to the securing of inor dinate profits by favored individuals at the expense whether of the general public, the stockholders or the wage workers. Our effort should be not so much to prevent consolidation as such, but so to supervise and control it as to see that it results in no harm to the people. Combination of capital, like combina tion of labor, is a necessary element of our present industrial system. It Is not possible completely to prevent it, and if it were possible such complete prevention would do damage to the body politic. What we need Is not vainly to try to prevent all combina tion, but to secure such rigorous and adequate control and supervision of the combinations as to prevent their injuring the public or existing in such form as inevitably to threaten injury, for the mere fact that a combination has secured- practically complete con trol of a necessary of life would under any circumstances show that such combination was to be presumed to be adverse to the public interest. It is unfortunate that our present laws should forbid all combinations instead of sharply discriminating between j those combinations which do good and j tUOse combinations which do evil. Re- j bates, for instance, are as often due to j tne pressure of big shippers (as was I gllown in tije investigation of the Standard Oil company and as has been shown since by the lnvestigatioi of the tobacco and sugar trusts) as to the initiative of big railroads. Often rail roads would like to combine for the purpose of preventing a big shipper from maintaining improper advantages at the expense of small shippers and of the general public. Such a combina tion, instead of being forbidden by law, should be favored. In other words, It should be permitted to rallroa- 1 to make agreements, provided these agree ments were sanctioned by the Inter state commerce commission and were published. With these two conditions complied with It is impossible to see what harm such a combination could do to the public at large. Inheritance and Income Tax. The national government has long derived its chief revenue from a tariff on imports and from an internal or ex- stralnt and may make up their minds just how far they are willing to go in the matter, while only trained legisla tors can work out the project in neces sary detail. But I feel that in the near -future our national legislators should enact a law providing for a graduated inheritance tax by which a steadily In creasing rate of duty should be put upon all monej-s or other valuables coming by gift, bequest or devise to any Individual or corporation. There can be no question of the ethical pro priety of the government thus deter mining the conditions upon which any gift or inheritance should be received. As the law now stands it is undoubt edly difficult to devise a national in come tax which shall be constitutional. But whether It is absolutely impossible is another question, and if possible it is most certainly desirable. The first purely income tax law was passed by the congress in 1SC1, but the most im portant law dealing with the subject that of 1894. This the court held was to be unconstitutional. The question is undoubtedly very in tricate, delicate and troublesome. The decision of the court was only reached by one majority. It is the law of the land and of course is accepted as such and loyally obeyed by all good citizens. Nevertheless the hesitation evidently felt by the court as a whole in coming to a conclusion, when considered to gether with previous decisions on the subject, may perhaps indicate the pos- sihUittr nf rtovlsln v a constitutional in- come tax law which shall substantially j accomplish the results aimed at. The difficulty of amending the constitution 13 so great that only real necessity can justify a resort thereto. Every effort should be made in dealing with this subject, as with the subject of the proper control by the national govern ment over the use of corporate wealth in interstate business, to devise legis-, lation wijich without such action shall' attain the desired end. but if this fails there will ultimately be no alternative to a constitutional amendment. Industrial Training. Our Industrial development depends largely upon technical education, in- clading in this term all industrial edu cation, from that which fits a man to be a good mechanic, a good carpenter or blacksmith to that which fits a man to do the greatest engineering feat. The skilled mechanic, the skilled work man, can best become such by tech- j nical Industrial education. The far reaching usefulness of institutes of technology and schools of mines or of engineering is now universally ac knowledged, and no less far reaching is the effect of a good building or" me chanical trades school, a textile" "or watchmaking or engraving school. In every possible way we should help the wageworker who toils with his haDds and who must (we hope in a constantly increasing measure) also toil with his brain. Under the constitu tion the national legislature can do but little of direct Importance for his wel fare save where h is engaged in work wbk-h permits It to act under the in terstate commerce clause of the consti tution, and this is one reason why I so earnestly hope that both the legis lative and judicial branches of the gov. eminent will construe this clause of tbe constitution in the broadest possi ble manner. The Farmer. The only other persons whose wel fare is as vital to the welfare of the whole country as is the welfare of the wageworkers are the tillers of the soil, the farmers. Several factors must co-operate in t&a InmroTsfiigAt of the Xarjser's. ecu- j dition. lie must have the chance to be educated in the widest possible sense, in the sense which keeps ever in view the intimate relationship between the theory of education and the facts of life. Organization has become necessary in the business world, and it has ac complished much for good in the world of labor. It is no less necessary for farmers. Such a movement as the grange movement is good in itself and is capable of a well nigh Infinite fur ther extension for good so long as It is kept to Its own legitimate business. The benefits to be derived by the as sociation of farmers for mutual ad vantage are partly economic and part ly sociological. Irrigation and Forest Preservation. Much is now being done for the states of the Rocky mountains and great plains through the development of the national policy of irrigation and forest preservation. No government policy for the betterment of our inter nal conditions has been more fruitful of good than this. Divorce Legislation. I am well aware of how difficult It Is to pass a constitutional amendment. Nevertheless, in-my judgment, the whole question of marriage and di vorce should be relegated to the au thority of the national congress. The change would be good from every standpoint. In particular it would be good because it would confer on the congress the power at once to deal radically and efficiently with polygamy, and this should be done whether or not marriage and divorce are dealt with. It is neither safe nor proper to leave the question of polygamy to be dealt with by the several states. Merchant Marine. Let me once again call the attention of the congress to two subjects con cerning which I have frequently be fore communicated with them. One is the question of developing American shipping. I trust that a law embody ing in substance the views or a major part.of the views expressed in the re port on this subject laid before the house at its last session will be passed. It seems to me that the proposed meas ure is as nearly unobjectionable as any can be. The Currency. I especially call jour attention to the second subject, the condition of our currency laws. The national bank act has ably served a great purpose in aid ing the enormous business develop ment of the country, and within ten years there has been an increase in circulation per capita from $21.41 to $33.08. For several years evidence has j been accumulating chat additional y islation Is needed. The recurr ' ot each crop season emphasizes tu de fects of the present laws. There must soon be a revision of them, because to leave them as they are means to in cur liability of business disaster. Since your body adjourned there has been a fluctuation in the interest on call money from 2 per cent to 30 per cent, and the fluctuation was even greater during the preceding six months. The secretary of the treasury had to step In and by wise action put a stop to the most violent period of oscillation. I do not press any especial plan. Va-i rious plans have recently been pro posed by expert committees of bank ers. Among the plans which are possi bly feasible and which certainly should 1 receive your consideration is that re- j peatedly brought to your attention by the present secretary of the treasury, the essential features of which have been approved by many prominent bankers and business men. According to this plan, national banks should be Permitted to issue a specified propor- j tion of their capital In notes of a given kind, the issue to be taxed at so high a rate as to drive the notes back when f not wanted in legitimate trade. This- plan would not permit the Issue of currency to give banks additional prof its, but to meet the emergency present ed by times of stringency. I do not say that this is the right sys tem . I only advance it to emphasize belief that there ;is need for the my adoption of some system which shall ; , . , , . .. . ' LC? auiuuiaut auu j ix lis ail owuuu " to all possibility of discrimination and favoritism. The law should be amended so as specifically to provide that the funds derived from customs duties may be treated by the secretary of the treas ury as he treats 'funds obtained under the Internal revenue laws. There should be a considerable increase in bills of small denominations. Permis sion should be given banks, if necessa ry under settled restrictions, to retire their circulation to a larger amount than three millions a month. 1 most earnestly hope that the bill to provide a lower tariff for or else abso lute free trade in Philippine products will become a law. No harm will come to any American industry, and. while there will be some small but real mate rial benefit to the Filipinos, the main benefit will come by the showing made as to our purpose to do all ln our power for their welfare. Porto Rlcan Affafra. American citizenship should be con ferred on the citizens 'of Porto Rico. The harbor of San Juan, in Porto Rico, should be dredged and Improved. The expenses of the federal court of Porto Rico should be met from the federal treasury. Hawaii. The needs of Hawaii are peculiar. Every aid should be given the Islands, and our efforts should be unceasing to develop them along the lines of a com munity of small freeholders, not of great planters with cooly tilled es tates. Alaska. Alaska's needs have been partially met, but there must be a complete re organization of the governmental sys tem, as I have before Indicated to you. I ask your especial attention to this. Our fellow citizens who dwell on the shores of Piget sound with character istic energy are arranging to hold in Seattle the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific ex position. This exposition In its pur poses and scope should appeal not only to the people of the Pacific slope, but to the people of the United States at large. Rlajhta of Aliens. "ot calx m.us TQ treat 3IX n&tioas fairly, but we must trait with justice and good will ail immigrants who come here under the law. Whether they are Catholic or Protestant. Jew or pontile whether they come from England or Germany. Russia. Japan or Italy, mat ters nothing. All we h.ue a right to question is the man's couduct. If he is honest auU upri"t in his dealings with his neighbor and with the state, then he Is entitled to respect and good treatment. Especially do we need tc remember our duty to die strange? within our gates. It is the sure mark of a low civilization, a low morality, to abuse or discriminate against or in any way humiliate such stranger who has come here lawfully and who Is con ducting himself properly. . To remem ler this Is incumbent on every Amer ican citizen, and it is of course pecul iarly incumbent on every government official, whether of the nation or of the several states. I am prompted to say this by the attitude of hostility here and there as sumed toward the Japanese in this country. This hostility is sporadic and is limited to a very few places. Never theless It is most discreditable to us as a people, and It may be fraught with the gravest consequences to the nation. I ask fair treatment for the Japanese as I would ask fair treatment for Ger mans or Englishmen. Frenchmen, Rus sians or Italians. I ask it as due to humanity and civilization. I ask it as due to ourselves, because we must act uprightly toward all men. I recom mend to the congress that an act be passed specifically providing for the naturalization of Japanese who come here Intending to become American cit izens. One of the great embarrass ments attending the performance of our international obligations is the fact that the statutes of the United States are entirely inadequate. They fall to give to the national government sufficiently ample power, through Unit ed States courts and by the use of the army and navy, to protect aliens In the rights secured to them under solemn treaties which are the law of the land. I therefore earnestly recommend that the criminal and civil statutes of the United States be so amended and add ed to as to enable the president, acting for the United States government. which is responsible in our interna tional relations, to enforce the rights of aliens under treaties. The Cuban Matter. Last August an insurrection broke out In Cuba which it speedily grew evi dent that the existing Cuban govern ment was powerless to quell. Thanks to the preparedness of our navy, I was able Immediately to send enough ships to Cuba to prevent the situation from becoming hopeless, and I fur thermore dispatched to Cuba the sec retary of war and the assistant secre tary of state in order that they might grapple with the situation on the ground. In accordance with the so called riatt amendment, which was embod ied in the constitution of Cuba, I there upon proclaimed a provisional govern ment for the island, the secretary of war acting as provisional governor un til be could be replaced by Mr. Magoou, the late minister to Panama and gov ernor of the canal zone on the isthmus. Troops were sent to support them and to relieve the navy, the expedition be ing handled with most satisfactory speed and efficiency. Teace has come In the island, and the harvesting of the sugar cane crop, the great crop of the island, i3 about to proceed. When the election has been held and the new government inaugurated in peaceful and orderly fashion the provisional government will come to an end. The United States wishes nothing of Cuba except that it shall prosper mor- anv and materially and wishes nothing ! t, . T Ii. able to preserve order among them-' selves ana tnererore to preserve tneir luucpeuueuce. ir tne elections Decome a farce and if the insurrectionary habit ab8olute, out of tbe questioa that the .;.,. j "... T. ., . , . V and the Lnited States, which has as- isiuxiu buuuiu cuuuuue juueyeuueui, sumed the sponsorship before the civ ilized world for Ctiba's career as a na tion, would again have to Intervene and to see that the government was managed in such orderly fashion as to secure the safety of life and property. The Rio Conference. The second international conference of American republics, held in Mexl- j co in the years 1901-02, provided for the holding of the third conference within five years and committed the ; fixing of the time and place and the arrangements for the conference to the governing board of the bureau of , Mrs. Clarence Pitts, were the fiesta American republics, composed of tbej0f Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Clements, Sun representatives of all the American nations in Washington. That board discharged the duty imposed upon it with marked fidelity and pains-! taking care, and upon the courteous invitation of the United States of Bra zil the conference was held at Rio de Janeiro, continuing from the 23d of July to the 29th of August last. Many subjects of common interest to all the American nations were discussed by the conference, and the conclusions reached, embodied in a series of reso lutions and proposed conventions, will be laid before you upon the coming of the final report of the American dele gates. Panama Trip. I have just returned from a trip to Panama and shall report to you at length later on the whole subject of the Panama canal. The Alsreelraa Convention. The Algeciras convention, which was ' signed by the United States as well as ' ujr idum 01 me powers or .arope su- persedes the previous convention of j the United States and a majority of ' the European powers. i U13 1 1 tTii L 1 confers upon us equal commercial rights with all European countries and f does not entail a single obligation of any kind upon us. and I earnestly hope it may be speedily ratified. Sealing. The destruction of the Pribiiof Is land fur seals by pelagic sealing still continues. The herd, which, according to the surye y made ln 1S74 by direc tion of the congress, numbered 4,700, QQ2. &B& TE&jci-. according tUs?2tx? rev vi tjiit A.r.ei'.cna t.oiVivi;-:: co in in ."s Toners in 1S91, amounted to 1.000.000. has now been reduced to i ibont 1S0.000. ThU result has beer brought about by Canadian and some tl er -V:g vessels killing tV:e female -eal v. ! ;k in the wrier Ourh'rr tL'!r nnnual plriunge to and from tb -south or la search of f jo 1. The poc: ss of destruction has been acce!er;'.' f d during rscezt ycar3 by t!u appearance of a nuivber of Japanese 1 ves -e! engaged In nei.'g.c seal.ng. Suitable representations regarding the ' i:i"h!ent have been made to the government of Japan, and we are as sured tbat all practicable measure wi'.I be taken by that country to prevent any recurrence of the outrage. We have not relaxed our efforts to secure an agreement with Ortat Brit ain for adequate protection of the seal herd, and negotiations with Japan for the same purps-e are In progress. The laws for the protection of the seals within the jurisdiction of the United States need revision and amendment. J Second llaarne Conference. In my last raoaoipe I advised you that the emperor of Russia had taken the initiative in bringing about n sec ond peace conference at The Hague. Under tb? guidance of Russia the ar rangement of the preliminaries for such a conference has been progressing during the past year. Progress has necessarily been slow, owing to the great number of countries to be con sulted upon every question that has arisen. It Is a matter of satisfaction that all of the American republics have now. for the first time, been Invited to join in the proposed conference. Army and Navy. It must ever be kept ia mind that war Is not merely Justifiable, but im perative upon honorable men. upon an honorable nation, where peace can only be obtained by the sacrifice of conscientious conviction or of national welfare. The United States navy is the surest guarantor of peace which this country possesses. I do not ask that we con tinue to increase our navy. I ask merely that it be maintained at its present strength, and this can be done only if we replace the obsolete and out worn ships by new and good ones, the equals of any afloat in any navy. To stop building ships for one year means that for that year the navy goes back instead of forward. In both the army and the navy there is urgent need that everything possible should be done to maintain the highest standard for the personnel alike as re gards the officers and the enlisted men I do not believe that ln any service there Is a finer body of enlisted men and of junior officers than we have in? both the army and the navy, including the marine corps. West Point and Annapolis already turn out excellent officers. We do not need to have these schools made more scholastic. On the contrary, we should never lose sight of the fact that the aim of each school Is to turn out man who shall be above everythtn; else a fighting man. There should soon be an increase It. the number of men for our coast de fenses. These men should be of the right type and properly trained, and there should therefore be an increase of pay for certain skilled grades, espe cially in the coast artillery. Money should be appropriated to permit troops to be massed in body and exercised in maneuvers. rrtioni.ir!v In marching. WILLIAMSBURG. Williamsburg, Ind., Dec. 4. fSpl.) Pleasant Harris of Richmond, is vis iting with Mr. and Mrs. Seth Lucas. Mr. and Mrs. William Blair enter tained last Sunday JuuVe and Mrs. i William Converse and son Blair ucnmoni of Miss Ellen Mullen of Richmond, is visiting with Mr. ad Mrs. Jaspor Rob erts. Mrs. Bowsman, who visited her son Frank, returned to her home at Greensfork, Monday. Asher Pearse went to Muncin ou business Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Creighton Ball visited with Mr. and Mrs. Victor St. Meyer. Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Farmer enter tained last Thursday, Mr. and Mrs. John King, Centerville; Mrs. Martha Farmer, Economy and Mrs. Winnio Dennie. Miss Alsie French of Richmond, vis ited with Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Reynolds last week. Mr. and Mrs. Linus Meredith and daughter, Miss Janice and Mr. and day. Mrs. Gavazih Cates returned from Ft. Wayne Sunday, where sha was call ed by the illness of her son. Will Lewis, county chairman of the farmers institute, has secured Prof. D. B. Johnson as one of the speakers for the coming institute. Miss Eff'e Helm returned to Alcxan dria Monday, after spendiing hci Thanksgivinig at home. Mrs. Pearl Ricker of Marion, visit ed with Mr. and Mrs. Will Brown, Thursday. Paul Lewis of Earlham spent h!s Thanksgivinig vacation at home. The furnace at the Friends' church has been completed. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Duke went to housekeeping in the Chas. Beard prop erty last Wednesday. Wm. Lewis spent Monday at Greens- fork on business. - . . . H- S. Davis was at Richmond on bus jness Monday. AN ALARMING SITUATION frequently results from neglect of j ' : t . IJIl, "Ulil 1 constipation becomes chronic. This condition is unknown to those who se Dr- King's New Life Pilis: the best and tre-ttlesi registers of Rtom- avu s.ua. i:.i!weis. I izr aX.l-l Luken & Co., drns-jrist. Trie l j Ti . br A c 2"c. 'Phone cr write 9 csrd to the PaMa diurn of the little piece cf news your neighbor told you and get your name in the news nio" contest for this week The Duet Piano Benches On Display At The Starfr Piafrio Stdre, Th6 Finest Assortment Lowest Prices STAC3C3 PBAW , 931-935 (VI AIM 3 '-''j?.??ry. w!gt