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3nMftna State Sentinel.
ITItlAL TIOILAHCK II THI FBICC OT LIICKTT.
IXniAXAFOLIS MAY 13, IS1G.
J A M E S VT II I T C O M II .
for Lieutenant Goternor,
PARIS C. BUKKIXO.
Saved Iiis Hide ! -ICeslnalion of Mr.
Orth, the Whi? Candidate fur Lieut.
We find tbe following letter from Mr. Oktii, in
the Tippecanoe Journal of May 7lh. Wc had heard
of Mr. Orth withdrawal from tbe canvass some
days since, but we thought it would be more gener
ous to permit himself and his friends to choose their
own time and manner of making the fact public. So
much generosity was certainly due to our whig
friend in their great tribulation.
Mr. Oi Hi's L.e;icr.
Lafayette, Ith May, 1346.
Hon. David Wallace,
Chairman Whiff State Central Committee.
Dear Sir I herewith decline a cauvas for the
office of Lieut. Governor.
The success of our principles, in which I ferl a
deep and abiding interest, as well as justice to my
self, demand of rxe the step I have taken.
My sincere regret fur the course that circumstances
have compelled me to adopt, is much alleviatid by
the reflection, that the Party may find an abler man
to fill my place, and one who will concentrate Upon
himself its entire strength.
With sentiments of respect,
I am your obedient servant,
GOD LOVE S. ORTH.
Id rektion to this withdrawal the Tippecanoe
Journal puts on the best face possible, and says :
"While Mr. Orth's numerous personal and politi
cal friends, in every section of the State, will deeply
regret the existence of circumstances which seem to
render this course both necessary and proper, they
cannot fail to approve it, and will duly appreciate the
motives of patriotism and devotion to the Whig caue,
which have impelled bira to adopt it.
"The fact is not to be disguised, that, notwithstand
ing Mr. Orth's great personal popularity, his vote in
opposition to the "Butler bill," (as the Public D? bt
and Canal Bill has been familiarly called.) would
have lost him hundreds, perhaps thousands of votes,
in those counties more particularly interested in the
extension of the Canal to the Ohio River which cir
cumstance could not have failed to dispirit and dis
courage the Whigs all over the Slate, and might,
possibly, have brought upon us a general and over
'Mr. Orth felt, that, while he could have cheerfully
submitted to a sacrifice of himself ; if, in so doing,
be could have benefitted the cause ; yet, that when,
to that personal sacrifice was to be added, most like
ly t general defeat, he could not hesitate a moment as
to the course which patriotism called upon him to
In retirir.g thus from the canvass, he will bear
with him, the sympathy, the confidence, and the re
spect of all and, having lived down the prejudice
which a single act, in the conscientious discharge of
his duty, has unfortunately excited against him ; the
time will doubtless come when ample justice will be
done him, by even those who now feel disposed to
withhold from him their support.
"The withdrawal of Mr. Orth imposes a highly
responsible duty upon the State Central Committee
the selection of a suitable man to fill his place. This
duty will he promptly performed, however ; and we.
shall, we doubt not, by next week, be able again to
present an unbroken front to our political opponents."
This is a lame attempt to explain away the plain
deductions which every man will naturally draw from
Mr. Orth's voluntary withdrawal from the political
field. So far as we can learn from Mr. O.'s letter,
the only reason he gives for declining to run the risk
of the contest is, the anticipation of certain defeat on
his own pirt. That he would be defeated, however
probable it might seem, could only be certainly
known after the event had occurred. Consequently
all the talk about his being impelled to decline, through
"motives of patriotism and devotion to the Whig
cause, is ridiculous, a begging of the question, at
least. This however is a matter for the Whigs to
settle among themselves. We have only to say, that
we should not thank a candidate of our party for
playing such a game of "heads I icti, tails you loset"
"Notwithstanding Mr. Orth's great personal popu
larity1 he expected to be beaten. Well, we suppose
Mr. Marshall is sensible enough to expect the same
result in his case. But how would it help his party,
if he should, like Mr. Orth, back out, to escape the
stigma of defeat ! We think it would puzzle even
the Tippecanoe Journal to tell.
About the best way 10 do in all cases of this kind
is to speak out the simple truth- By this means un
pleasant strictures are to a great extent avoided. It
would have been better, for instance, for Mr. Orth to
have said plainly, that there was no hope of his elec
tion by the Whig party, because, notwithstanding his
"great personal popularity," the whigs could not poll
rotes enough to elect him. They had nothing in re
serve to ofTer him as a prospective indemnification for
the personal labor he would be expected to perform in
tbe contest, and therefore, to save himself trouble and
his friends unnecessary excitement, lie would quietly
back out, and "acknowledge the corn" to the Demo
crats. By this course he would not only save him
self a deal of vexation, but he would escape that
stultification which the Whigs always inflict upon
their unfortunate candidates after election, by
charging their defeat to the account of their "great
What will the Whigs dj now for a candidate? is
a question frequently put. Well, we don't know ;
and if we can believe the whispers we hear, the Cen
tral Whig Committee, to whom the matter is referred,
hardly know what to do themselves. Some are in
favor of no nomination at all by that committee, fear
ing the jealousy which exists as to "Central Influ
ence." They think it would be better for the Whigs
therefore that no new nomination should berrmde, but
that the Whigs should put Dcnnixg's name on their
tickets, and thus try to run in Marshall over Whit
comb. We don't believe 6uch a scheme would work
well if openly avowed as the Whig policy. It
wouldn't look fair nor honest; and people always
like to appear honest, whether they are so or not.
On the whole, the Whig party is in a bad fix, to
Bay the least of it; and we do not know that we
ought to help them out of it if we could. Ca pt. Scott
' is after the coon, and he bad better come down quiet
ly without standing fire.
Coxgkess. By the Union of the 5th, wc learn that
on that day the Senate was occupied in the considera
tion of the bill providing for the adjustment of sus
pended pre-emption claims. An animated and inte
resting discussion took place. The bill, after haviug
""been reported from the committee of the whole, with
several amendments, was recommitted.
The House took final action on the bill to supply
deficiencies in certain appropriations for the current
fiscal year, which has for a long time been pending
between the two houses. It must yet again be sub
mitted to tbe action of the Senate.
Tbe House then took up in committee the bill
making appropriation for tbe Post Office Department
The committee adopted " the amendment of Mr.
McKay, appropriating 25,000 for the line of mail
steamers from New York to Bremen thus confirm
ing, to tliis extent, the Post Office contract. The bill
is still in committee.
Common fcliool Education.
We learu with great pleasure, that Mr. II. F. West
ia soon to commence, in this city, the publication of
a periodical to be devoted to the cause of Common
School Education. Mr. West we believe is fully
competent to perform the task which he will thus
assume, with ability and usefulness, and it will be for
the public to add, by a generous support, with
In this State, we regret to say it, the subject of
common school education has been 6adly neglected,
though it is universally admitted to be of the highest
importance. This neglect Las occurred on the part
of those alive to the importance of the matter, chiefly
because of the absence of some means by which their
efforts at reform could be concentrated and made
effective to the accomplishment of the end in view.
In the proposed publication this means will be fur
nished, and we hope to see a spirit aroused which
will exert a healthy influence, and ultimately secure
to a vast number of our youth, who are now growing
up in ignorance, the incalculable benefits of good i
school houses and good teachers. Every sound prin
ciple of morals and politics points to this beginning
as the only true basis of rational freedom. A good
and early education is no less necessary to the order
of the commou wealth, and to the preservation of the
State, than to the benefit of individuals. Without it,
the mass of the people are deprived of the means of
improvement, they are enveloped in ignorance, they
become the victims of the cunning, they become
degenerate, reckless and improvident, and finally vice
and crime and their lamentable consequences are the
deplorable result. A good education, says an anony
mous writer, "is the great eye of a nation through which
the people see the tendency of the laws in their proper
unclouded light, and which prepares them to bcud
with becoming submission to their authority. It
opens to them the fundamental laws of Christian
morality, which comprises those of a just government,
and impresses on their minds the great tribute they
owe to the State that protects their live3 and proper
ties their reciprocal duties to their neighbors who
alleviate their afflictions, and succor them in distress.
It is the basis of temperance, of prudence, of wisdom,
of subordination, of social order, and of individual
and public confidence. It is the great centre of union
that civilizes nations, and links them into one endear
ing society. It is a lamp that perpetually burns be
fore man's eyes, that illumes the recesses and bye
ways through which his ignorant and credulous
fellow-man was led to the perpetration of crime, and
thence to an ignominious death. It is his only safeguard
against the luring wiles of the designing hypocrite,
and the machinations of the pensioned informer. It
awakens within him that all-saving monitor which
stands between him and disaffection to the laws,
injustice to his neighbor, or degradation to himself by
a departure from moral rectitude."
Aristippus considered a man without Education as
a stone, which is insensible to everything around it !
Diogenes considered an ignorant man "a beast."
Cicero says, 4 that a man should have learning,
were it only for one's pleasure, independent of all its
other advantages." " This is (said he) nourishment
to youth, pleasure to old age, an ornament to pros
perity, a refuge aud comfort in adversity. It diverts
us at home, is of no hindrance abroad ; it passes the
night with us, accompanies us when we travel, and
attend u in our rural retreats."
Seneca says, " if you employ your time in study,
you will avoid every disgust in life; you will not
wish for night, or be weary of the day; you will
neither be a burthen to yourself nor unwelcome to
To what higher object (says riutarch) could
Numa have directed his attention, than to the culture
of early infancy !"
" Knowledge (says Dr. Johnson) is certainly one
of the great means of pleasure, as is confessed by the
natural desire which every mind feels of increasing
its ideas. Ignorance is mere privation, by which
nothing can be produced. It is a vacuity in which
the soul sits motionless and torpid for want of attrac
tion, and without knowing why. We always rejoice
when we learn, and grieve when wc forget."
" A proper Education of poor children (says Sterne)
is the foundation of almost every 1 ind of charity. J
may say of policy also."
" In every age," said Martin Luther, " even among
the heathen, the necessity has been felt of having
good school masters, in order to make any thing re
spectable of a nation. But surely we are not to sit
still and wait until they grow up ot themselves. We
can neither chop them out of wood, nor hew them out
of stone. God will work no miracles to furnish that
which we have means to provide ; we must, therefore,
apply our care and money to train up and make them."
"The education of our children," said John Adams to
his wife, "is never out of my mind. Train them to vir
tue. Habituate them to industry, activity and spirit.
Make them consider every vice shameful and unmanly.
Fire them with ambition to be useful. Make them
disdain to be destitute of any useful or ornamental
To these gems we might add those of hundreds of
other wise men of all ages and nations, but it is
We shall therefore conclude with a practical re
mark of Horace Mann, the excellent and efficient
superintendent of schools in Massachusetts, which we
commend to the attention of thoso especially who are
ready to admit the propriety of the periodical proposed
to be published by Mr. West. He justly says, that
"every friend of education, who insists upon qualifi
cations superior to the present, is bound to do his part
towards furnishing facilities and encouragements by
which they can be acquired. We cannot consistently
denounce a state of things which we do nothing to
Mail Contracts. The Union of the 5th states
that the Postmaster General had been employed dur
ing several preceding days, "in opening the bids for
carrying the mails in the western section, for which
the contracts come round this year. The number of
offers is very great. We understand the bids amount
to about 13,000. In the State of Arkansas alone
there are between 60 and 70 routes, and more than
1,100 bids were made. We understand, further, that
the saving to the department under these bids will be
from 30 to 40 per cent And it is hoped that in con
sequence of the reductions in the cost of transporting
the mail, and in addition to this, if the postage law
be so changed, that letters on which the five cents
postage is paid be reduced from half an ounce to a
quarter of an ounce, it may come to pass, at no distant
time, that the department may be able to pay its own
expenses, without drawing for additional resources
upon the general treasury."
The Navy. The Union publishes an able and
luminous report of the Secretary of the Navy, made
to Cougress in response to a call from that body, and
indicating the views of the Secretary as to the re
forms which are demanded in our naval service. As
a model of clear and conclusive logical statement,
this report ia every way worthy of its author's repu
tation. We shall endeavor to copy the report for the
information of our readers.
Or-The dead body of Jonathan Rogers was recent
ly found in the woods, a mile and a half from his
house, in Elkhart county. Verdict of coroner's Jury,
HIGHLY IMPORTANT NEWS!
W i. R A. 1 L A. S X ! !
T . . . ,
Lntrr frOin t 1R AmiV 01 OfClWnllOn.
I,te n-eiv. fro.,, u.c rroiiilcr-i Seoul JWn. trancing, and paying Four Regiments ,
i . . . . 't V olunWvr Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry fori
Inj; IMrtjr of Am He m Cavalry Mkni A jn TcX09
lrioiicrs-rourtr-ii Men Klllt I--Kt -1 Skc. o . it further ennctrd, That the said sum ,
qtiisitioit fur Troop!!
By the arrival of the steamship (lulveMon at New
Orleans, May 2d, wc have through tho ticvvupnpcrs
the following important information. The news is
d'tibtless exaggerated; but is bad enough at best.
Many rumors were afloat at New Orleans, which wo
do not think worth noticing at length.
From the Extra of the Galvetton JWtr of J frit 30.
The U. S. steamer Monmouth, Capt. Baker, arrived
at Galveston on Thursday morning, April 30th, from
Erasos St. Iago, bringing exciting news from the
Army, and an urgent call for volunteers.
On Thursday morning, April 23d, a Mexican came
into Gen. Taylor's camp, and reported 2,000 Mexi
cans crossing the river, some twenty miles above.
That afternoon Capts. Hardee and Thornton were
sent with two companies of cavalry, sixty-three men
in all, to reconnoitre. On Friday morning they fell
into an ambush of the enemy, when Lieut. Cain and
twelve men were killed, Capt. Hardee and forty-six
men taken prisoners, and Captain Thornton missing.
On Saturday afternoon the Mexicans sent in a
wounded man, who made the above report. These
Mexicans, it is stated, were commanded by Earnales
After tho fight, the Mexicans on this side of the
river were greatly reinforced, and have surrounded
Gen. Taylor's camp, cutting off all communication
with Isabel, at which place is the train and all the
stores belonging to the army Gen. Taylor uot having
on hand over ten days provisions. There are at
Point Isabel 90 artillery nvjn, 20 dragoons, 250 team
sters, and 150 citizens and laborers, and the entrench
ments nut half finished.
The steamer Monmouth landed Mr. Catlett on the
right of the 2Slli at Tort Labaca, with despatches
from Gen. Taylor, calling on Gov. Henderson for 40
companies of riflemen, 00 men each, 20 of the com
panies to be mounted men, to Corpus Christi, where
they will be mustered into service and supplied with
provisions the foot companies will rendezvous at
Galveston where transportation will be furnished.
The steamer Augusta was to have left the Brassos
St. Iago on Monday night for New Orleans, with
Gen. Taylor's call on the Governors of Louisiana,
Mississippi, and Alabama for 8,000 troops. Should
immediate relief not be sent to Foint Isabel, it will
most probably fall into the power of the enemy, with
all the army stores, and the destruction of the whole
army may follow.
Gen. Taylor's works in front of Matamora3 would
be complete on the morning of the 23th, at which
time it was expected the fire would be opened on the
city. Troops should not wait the call of the Gov
ernor, as it will be a week before it can reach this
place, but hurry to the relief of Toint Isabel, as by
saving that place only will we have it in our power
to render the army timely assistance. Texans! you
have now at last a glorious opportunity of retaliating
on the perfidious Mexicans the many injuries they
have done you, and of carrying that war into the
heart of their own country, the cruelties ot which
they have so often made you feel.
Wo are indebted for the above to Mr. Benjamin S.
Grayson, who has just returned by the Monmouth.
He informs us that Capt. Catlett left the army on
Sunday night, with a Mexican guide, and passing
down th'j river reached Foint Isabel on Monday morn
ing, with General Taylor's despatches to the Gov
ernor of Texas. The Monmouth was unable to
leave until Monday night in consequence of having
to discharge and take in provisions to be sent into
Corpus Christi for the volunteers as fast as they arrive.
Those were left at St. Joseph's, where the White
Wing is now taking them to their places of desti
nation. An order was issued by Major Bryant, on the 30th
ult., requesting the commissioned and non-commissioned
officers of the companies composing the Gal
veston Volunteer Battalion, to meet for consultation
nt 10 o'clock on that morning, at the Galveston Ar
tillery Armory, at Mr. Crawford's store.
Lieut. Kingsbury, of the U. S. Army, gave notice,
on the same day, that if 150 or 200 men, with the
proper officers, could be raised by the next morning
at 8 o'clock, they would be supplied with arms and
accoutrements, and would take passage on board the
steamer Monmouth, bound for Point Isabel.
We extract the following from a letter addressed
to the editors of the Tropic, dated St. Joseph's Island,
Texas, April 23: "By the arrival of the steamer
Monmouth, this day, intelligence has been received
at this place of the Army of Occupation being sur
rounded by 10,000 Mexican troops. The Mexican
army passed the Rio Grande in the night. Captain
Thornton, of the 2d Dragoons, in attempting to cut
his way out with his company, was killed, also two
subalterns and thirteen privates the remainder taken
prisoners. Gen. Taylor on this day (April 29th) en
gages with the enemy. His whole force of fighting
men will not number 3,000. His motto is, 'conquer
or die!' The United States troops are eager for the
The most intense excitement prevailed in New Or
leans. The Governor and his Btaff were engaged in
forming the nuclucs of the proposed military organi
zation: rendezvous for the enlistment of volunteers
from each of which the national flag waved had
been formed in every street and corner; business was
altogether suspended and all was ardor, enthusiasm
The Louisiana Legislature, on the 2d inst, adopted,
BY ACCLAMATION, a bill for raising FOUR RE
GIMENTS OF VOLUNTEERS, to join the Army
in Texas, and making an appropriation of $100,000,
for equipping, transporting, and paying them !
The position of Gen. Taylor is a strong one, and
capable of being defended against a greatly superior
force ; but he may be cut off from his supplies unless
reinforced. The Texas troops will soon be on the
spot, ready to give a good account of themselves.
On Friday, May 1st, the Galveston fell in with the
steam schooner Augusta, Capt. Gillett, from the
Brassos St. Iago, boarded her, and brought to New
Orleans Col. Donne, bearer of important despatches
from Gen. Taylor, and a requisition for troops.
We copy the following from the TAiri Edition of
the New Orleans "Delta," dated May 2, 1 o'clock, p.
m. The prompt action of the Louisiana Legislature
is worthy of all admiration and praise. Our blood
courses rapidly as we read.
T II E WAR !
Prompt Action or the Legislature.
Passage of a Bill by the House of Representatives to
provide for the raising FOUR REGIMENTS
OF VOLUNTEERS $100,000 appropriatedor
the purpose, and the BUI passed by acclamation ! !
House of Representatives May 2. As soon as
the roll wis called, Mr. Aloise rose and moved that
the reading of the journals be dispensed with. Car
ried. He then said Mr. Speaker, I hold in my hand an
act for raising four regiments of Volunteers Infan
try, Artillery and Cavalry to join the army ia Texas,
and making an appropriation of $100,000 fur equip
ping, transporting and paying them.
In introducing tbe bill, Mr. Speaker, I do not deem
it necessary to premise it by a single remark : the
news received this morning, renders its necessity ob
vious to all : this is not a time for making speeches
it is a time for acting. What I want, and what
the General Assembly will evince, is a prompt mani
festation of the feelings of Louisiana at the present
crisis showing the determination of the State to
sustain, in war as in peace, the Federal Government
I move, sir, that the bill be read a first time and a se
cond time by its title. The bill, which is as follows,
was then read :
I A" acl to rolunleer, my in Texas.
I fnCTION 1. Bi it enacted by the Senate and House
lVfienlatitcs of the State of Louisiana, in gen-
.erat assembly convened. That the sum of $100,000 be
and the same is hereby appropriated, for raisin-.
hall Ihi paid on tho warrant of the Governor, in such
mounts as tho aid Governor may deem expedient
for carrying out tho objects of this act.
Several members simultaneously : I move, sir,
that tho House go into Committee of the Whole on
The House went into Committee of tho Whole, Col.
Farrar in the Chair. The bill was read and adopted
Col. Phillip moved that the Committee rise and
report the bill adopted, without amendment.
The Committee rose, and the bill was so reported.
The report was adopted.
Mr. Newport would make one remark, and one
only : He hoped it would be unanimously adopted.
Air. Cole moved that it be adopted by acclamation.
The bill was then read a third time. Col. Farrar
moved that the yeas and nays on the adoption of the
bill be taken, that the unanimity of the House might
be seen on the subject.
Mr. Ogden, of Rapides, said that if the yeas and
nays were to be taken, it might convey the idea that
a difference of opinion on the propriety of passing the
bill was anticipated, when not a dissenting voice
would be raised against its passage.
Mr. Smith moved that the bill be adopted by accla
mation. It was read and by acclamation adopted
that is, by a loud and unanimous ay! and a thunder
in? cheer which reverberated through the dome of the
On motion, the Clerk was ordered to take the bill
to the Senate the first moment it formed m session,
with the respectful request of the House that the Sen
ate take the bill into immediate consideration.
The House then, on motion, adjourned.
The Senate. At 40 minutes past 12, the Senate,
which had adjourned over from yesterday till Mon
day, assembled in its chamber. The reading of the
journal was dispensed with.
The Clerk of the House presented the bill for rais
ing four Regiments of Volunteers, informing the Sen
ate that it had this morning passed the House,
and asking the concurrence of the Senate in its pro
visions. The bill was read a first time by the Secretary ; all
the necessary dispensations were called for and grant
ed : the bill was read a second and third time and
Mr. Tarham offered a joint resolution to this effect :
Resolved, That the Legislature is willing to make
such appropriations as the Governor of the State may
deem necessary or expedient for national defence or
nalioni 1 honor.
The resolution being read, he moved a dispensa
tion of the rules, and that the resolution pass to a
second and third reading.
Mr. Mayo moved to amend the resolution by ad
ding "And that the whole resources of the State
be placed at the disposal of the Governor for those
it was Buggt'sicu oy iur. ouuie anu oiners um
these objects were already embraced in the resolution,
and Mr. Mayo withdrew his amendment.
The resolution of Mr. Farham was then read a sec
ond and third time, and passed unanimously.
Mr. Marks moved that the Secretary be instructed
to take to the House the bill and resolution forthwith :
to inform the House that the Senate had passed unan
imously, and without amendment, the bill for raising
four Regiments of Volunteers, and the accompanying
addition, to which the senate asked the concurrence
of the House. The motion was adopted, and the Se
cretary proceeded to carry the message to the House
A loud cheer of approval arose in the lobby of the
Senate, but the President instantly suppressed it.
Seeon I Session.
The House re-assembled at ten miiiutes to twelve
Tho mcsaire from the Senate was received. The
joint resolution was read and unanimously adopted
The bill was ordered to be engrossed. It was at ten
minutes past twelve reported engrossed, and on mo
tion of Mr. Campbell, it was taken forthwith to the
The Senate ordered the engrossing of the resolu
tion: it was engrossed, adopted as engrossed, and
carried to the Governor by Senators Durant and Gar
cia. Immediately thereafter a message was received,
informing the Senate that the Governor had signed
the joint resolution which originated in the Senite.
In the House a message from the Governor was
received, informing it that he had signed the bill for
raising four Regiments of Volunteers.
The Senate and House then both adjourned to
Appointments !y the Governor.
Casimir Lacoste, Qr. Master Gen.; John Winthrop,
Henry A. Lyons. Charles T. Stewart, Emile Wiltz,
and J. Watson Keene, Aides-de-Camp to the Com
mander-in-Chief La. Militia.
Head Quarters Army- of Occupation, )
Camp near Malamoras, April 20, 18 JO.
Sir : I have the honor to apprise you that hostilities
have actually commenced between my forces and those
of the Mexicans, and that I have need of the services
of a considerable number of volunteers. Four regi
ments have been called from Texas, but as there will
be considerable delay in assembling them here, and as
my further operations will require still stronger force,
I have the honor, under the authority of the War De
partment, to call upon the State of Louisiana for four
regiments of Infantry, to be ordered into service with
the utmost despatch, and for the longest period autho
rized by law.
I shall communicate immediately with Gen. Gaines,
and request him to give you every facility in the or
conization and equipment of these troops, and for
warding them to Point Isabel. I subjoin the organi
zation of a regiment of Volunteers, and respectfully
deaire that it may be observed, and that the number
of prescribed officers be not exceeded. The battalions
may be mustered into service at New Orleans or at
Point Isabel, as most convenient. I beg that they
may be sent forward as rapidly as they can be raised.
I would suggest that a Brigadier General be com
missioned to command the force called from Louisiana,
and from my experience of his excellent qualities as
an officer. I would be particularly gratified if General
Persifor F. Smith could be selected for such appoint
ment. I cannot doubt that the gallant State of Louisiana
will respond with alacrity to this call upon the patri
otism of her sons, and I feel every assurance that no
effort will be wanting on the part of the State autho
rities to organize the force and have it in readiness to
embark at the earliest practicable moment.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Et. Brig'r Gen. U. S. A. Cora'dg.
Hon. Isaac Johnson,
Gov. of Louisiana, New Orleans, La.
. Head Quarters, Western Division,)
jS'ew Orleans, May 2, 1346.
Sir: By a letter which I have this morning from
Brigadier General Taylor, announcing the commence
ment of hostilities on the part of the Mexican forces
near Matarooras, I learn that in addition to the several
corps of mounted and other Riflemen which he ex
pects soon to join him from Texas, he has requested
of your Excellency four Regiments of Infantry, to
embark as soon as practicable for Foint Isabel.
I avail myself of the earliest occasion to say, that
Col. Hunt, Dep. Quarter Master General, and other
officers of the General Staff, on duty at this city, are
instructed to furnish promptly every supply that may
be required for the health and comfort of the four
Regiments desired from the State of Louisiana. They
shall receive their arms and fixed ammunition within
the next twenty-four hours, when the requisite steam
transportation will be ready.
General Taylor and bis army will be much gratified
to find amongst the corps now requested, officers aud
men such as they had the satisfaction to find in the
excellent battalion lately commanded by Major Gaily.
I am, with respect,
Your obedient servant,
Edmund P. Gaines,
Major Gen. U. S. A. Com'ng Western Div.
To His Excellency, Gov. Johnson. ,
P. S. I look for a battalion of regular troops from
Jefferson Barracks in a day or two. I wish to send
to Point Isabel the Regulars with the Volunteers.
E. P. G. .
By the Governor.
HEAD QUARTERS, LOUISIANA MILITIA.
General Orders Ab. 1.
Gen. Tatlor, commanding the U. S. Army of
Occupation on the frontier of Mexico, has announced
to the Commander-in-Chief that hostilities have com
menced between his forces and those of the Mexicans,
and under the authority of the General Government
has called upon the State of Louisiana to furnish four
Regiments of Infantry, to join his army.
llie Leneral, in concluding his requisition, says:
I cannot doubt that the gallant State of Louisiana
will resp nd with alacrity to this call upon the patri
otism of her sons."
The State of Louisiana has never hesitated at any
call on her patriotism or spirit, and is now as 6he
ever has been, ready to devote her energies and her
blood for our common country, and the honor of its
Assured that the call now made will be responded
to by the citizen solders of the State without resorting
to a draft Four Regiments of Volunteers will be re
ceived and mustered into the service of the United
States for the term of six months, unless sooner dis
charged, and as fast as any requirement or company
is organized for the purpose. Its commanding officer
will report to the Adjutant General at the State House
in Canal street.
Each regiment will consist of
1 Colonel; 1 Quarter-Master;
1 Lieutenant-Colonel; 1 Surgeon;
1 Major ; 1 Assistant Surgeon ;
And ten composed, each, as follows
1 Captain; 4 Sergeants;
1 First Lieutenant ; 4 Corporals ;
1 Second Lieutenant; 2 Musicians.
And at least 50 privates. It is desirable that the
Companies should be each 100 strong.
The Legislature, animated by the universal feeling
of patriotism and zeal, have already passed a bill,
which has been signed by the Governor and become
a law, making appropriations to aid the equipping
the forces, and the btaff Department of the U. S
Army are prepared to furnish the corps with the
arms, equipments, and camp equipage necessary
The Major Generals and Generals of Brigade are
charged with the execution of this order.
By order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Militia
of the State: CHARLES N. KOWLEK,
Adjt. and Insp. General.
To Arms! Texans, To Arms!
The U. S. Army, under Gen. Taylor, is surrounded
by the Mexican enemy on Texan soil. Gen. Taylor
has called upon Texas for 2100 troops let Galveston
show to the world that they are always ready for the
defence of their country let them display the same
spirit and alacrity that they did in la rJ.
Head Quarters, Galveston Yolun-)
leer Battalion, April 30, 1S40.
Orders. The commissioned and non-commission
ed officers of the companies composing the Galveston
Volunteer Battalion, are requested to meet for con
sultation at 10 o'clock this morning, at the Galveston
Artillery Armory, at Mr. Crawford's store. The
country needs our services ! no time should be lost in
immediately organizing the several corps of this bat
talion. The commandant of the battalion has the
fullest confidence in the patriotism and zeal of the ci
tizen soldiers of Galveston ! He is sure they will not
falter nor hesitate in this emergency ! They have
always desired an opportunity of showing their prow
ess to their Mexican enemies ! That opportunity has
now arrived ! It is expected the young men of Gal
veston will immediately rally as volunteers, nor wait
for their services to be required by draft.
A Rendezvous will be immediately opened for vol
unteers to increase the ranks of each of the volunteer
corps of the city, and to organize an additional com
pany of Infantry or Rifilemen. A prompt attendance
of the officers is expected at the time and place ap
pointed. By order of
C. G. BRYANT, Maior Commanding
Galveston Volunteer Battalion.
If 150 or 200 men, with the proper officers, can be
raised by to-morrow morning at 8 o'clock, they will
be supplied with arms, and accoutrements, and will
take passage on board the steamer Monmouth, now
bound for Point Isabel.
N. KINGSBURY, Lieut. U. S. Army.
Extract of a letter from Major Thomas, U. S. A.,
dated Toint Isabel, April 27th, to Lieut. Col. Hunt,
Dcp'y Qr. Master General, U. S. A.
We have some eighty regulars here to guard this
depot. We have upwards of 300 operatives in the
department (as most of the train is here) which I am
now organizing into a Battalion, under the immedi
ate command of Major McRae, Captains Sibley and
Hill, of the Ur. Master Department.
In addition to this force, the Sutlers, &c, have a
company of near a hundred, so that we can muster
nearly 500 fighting men not disciplined, to be sure,
but good and true.
In addition to this force the probability is, that the
190 recruits, accompanied by the U. S. officers, who
lelthereon the üOth ult., on board the New York,
hae arrived at Point Isabel.
California. The New Orleans papers contain
late news in relation to California, from which we
derive the following interesting facts. The gallant
and adventurous Capt. Fremont reached Captain Sut
ter's settlement, at New Helvetia, about the 1st Feb.
last, with a force of about sixty mounted men. Capt,
Fremont had been so fortunate as to discover a new
route or pass, by which California can be reached by
emigrants in sixty days less time than by the old
route ria Oregon. This new route is perfectly prac
ticable for wheeled vehicles, and when it comes to be
generally known, will give a renewed impetus to emi
gration to California. Previous reports in relation to
the state of affairs in California are confirmed. It is
stated that allegiance to the central government of
Mexico is almost entirely thrown off. Since the ex
pulsion of Gov. Micheltorena, the functions of chief
magistrate have been discharged by Don Tio Pico, a
Californian by birth, we believe, who holds his office
by some indefinite but popular tenure. The famous
Mexican expedition to reduce the department to obe
dience has not reached California. It is supposed
that it is not now in the power of Mexico to impose a
Governor upon California; that should one be sent
there, he would be almost immediately expelled. Still
the Californians are distracted by dissensions among
themselves, and stability under any rule or any form
of government, is not to be counted upon among
them. There is a strong tide of emigration pouring
in from the States by way of Oregon.
The "Annexation of Cuba." A Cuba corres
pondent of the Charleston Patriot alludes to the effect
produced in that Island by Mr. Yulce's proposition to
buy Cuba. He says that in public, the citizeas scorn
the idea of belonging to any nation but Spain ; but
among themselves, and with Americans, "they could
not contain their joy at the bare mention of 6uch a
happy prospect. They even declared that they would
assume the debt themselves, and amused themselves by
calculating how soon the revenues, now wasted on
an army of twenty thousand men, and on the legion
of civil harpies that prey on the vitals of the island,
would redeem the debt.' The writer adds : "Cuba
is not, however, fit for a republican government, and
the Spanish and Anglo-Saxon race would never amal
If all other obstacles were out of the way, there
would be one still left, which would estop tho "an
nexation" of Cuba. The South would fear a tear
with England, which would militate against the
"peace party" doctrines, now the order of the day.
Hard Monet. In Hard Money countries the rate
of interest is comparatively low in contrast with pa
per money countries. Money can be had in France
(hard money) at 3i and 4 per cent. But in this coun
try borrqwers must pay a heavy tax to keep up a
gang of bank loafers.
Mr. Taulding, late Secretary of the Navy, has pub
lished a new novel, called " The Continentals." Mr.
Cooper has in press " The Red-skins," the third and
last of the Littlepage " series.
Constitutional Ilcform in New York.
At a great meeting of the Democracy of New York
city, held at Tammany Hall, to approve the nomina
tion of Delegates to the Convention for the reform of
the State Constitution, the following resolutions were
adopted with enthusiasm as indicating the reforms
sought for by the Democracy of the " Empire city.
Resolved, That we bail the approaching State
Convention with emotions of joyous pleasure and a
sincere belief that an opportunity is now presented of
incorporating into our organic law great, vital, and
radical reforms, tending to promote the greater happi
ness oi an, ana more iuiiy secure the rights of every
Resolved, That among the important measures and
objects to be accomplished by the Convention are the
1. To provide for the extinguishment of the exist
ing State debt, by requiring that all the surplus revenue
of the public works shall be applied to the payment of
the debt as it falls due.
2. To prohibit the creation of any new or additional
State debt except for public defence.
3. To prohibit the loan of the credit or property of
the State to any private corporation or company for
any purpose or under any circumstances.
4. To incorporate into the Constitution the guaran
ties and pledges of the act of 1S42.
5. To prohibit extra allowances to contractors under
the State government.
0. To prohibit any person holding a contract or
pecuniary claim against the State from being a mem
ber of either branch of the Legislature.
7. To abolish the property qualification in the case
of negroes, but not to extend to thcra the elective
8. To lessen executive patronage and central influ
ence, by providing for electing by the people the State
officers, and all the chief officers under the govern
ment. 9. To diminish, diffuse, and discentralize the pow
ers of administration, by conferring on the boards of
supervisors, or other local bodies directly representing
the people of the several counties and cities, the mass
of local legislation ; the accumulation of which upon
the State Legislature, prevents the localities Jrom
applying their own experience to the improvement of
local administration, and obstructs the general legis
lation of the State.
10. To separate the judicial from the legislative
11. To re-organize Üie judiciary ; electing judges by
the people ; providing a sufficient number to perform
all the business with promptness and facility; and
rendering the administration of justice cheap and
12. To provide for systematic and thorough reform
of the laws ; for a simplification of the modes of legal
procedure, the antiquated and artificial formalities of
which occasion delay and cost, often amounting to
denial of justice; and ultimately for a codification of
the vast mass of unwritten laws, so that individuals
may readily know the legal rules by which they must
bo governed, may ascertain with more clearness and
certainty their legal rights, that litigation be lessened
and justice between roan and man be promoted.
13. To require the legislature to pass general law,
under which business and other associations may be
formed, and to restrain the conferring of special
charters and privileges.
14. To engraft a provision for the entire severance
of all connexion between the banks and the govern
ment, and to provide for an independent treasury for
Wit .'The Louisville ,4Courier," a Nativist pa-
per of the real "Tustenuggee" school, makes the fol
lowing villy allusion to the speech of Senator Han
negan at the recent ce'ebration of St. Patrick's Day
"Mr. Senator O'Hannegan of Indiana, made a
speech to the Irish, on St. Patrick's day, in Washing
ton. He told them that his daddy was an Irishman,
and that he had some of his daddy's blood in his
veins that he had ofien seen the old man display
his "Shamrock so green," on the ever memorable
17th of March, and of course that he couldn't help
being an Irishman in feeling as well as by descent."
All may safely swear, after that, that there is no
Irish blood in the "Courier's veins, however much
Indian there may be. For the sake of some relief to
his dullness, we should advise the editor to borrow a
drop from some Irishman, if he can find one good
natured enough to accommodate him.
Texas. The comptroller, James
swer to a resolution of the House of
furnishes the following statement as
nual expense of the State of Texas
tration of the government :
Pensions and annuities
B. Shaw, in an
Representatives, the probable an
in the adminis-
Total $95,763 46
Stalanenl of the amount of money in the Treasury at
the present time, (I8lh March.')
Amount in the hands of the treasurer, $9,400 00
Amount paid over, but not yet deposited 2,750 00
Progressive' America. A writer in the Lon
don Times indulges in dismal forebodings like the
No European politician can look forward to the
power of the United States within the present cen
tury, but with the most appalling prospects.
In 1830, the census of population was 12,000,000
In 1940, it was 17,000,000
In 1950, at the same rate, there will be 24,063,333
Speaking of the development of tho inexhaustible
resources of our country, he says
The greatest labor of Hercules, the noblest deeds
recorded of man in ancient or modern history, sink to
nought when compared with the doings of Brother
Indiana Colonizationist. We have inadvertently
omitted heretofore to notice the first number of a
new periodical under the above title, which is to be
published in this city, under the editorial supervision
of the Rev. B. T. Kavanaugh. Its title indicates
its character. It is handsomely printed, edited with
ability, and the terms are such as to bring it within
the means of every citizen. Trice per year fifteen
cents ; four copies for 50 cents ; ten copies for $1
to be paid in advance.
"The Secret Service Fund. We learn that
President Tyler has written a letter to the committee
of Congress, in which he alleges that Mr. Webster
never applied any of the secret service fund without
consulting him, and receiving his entire sanction ;
that no part was applied without proper consideration,
and that lie, and not Air. Webster, is wholly respon
sible for its application in all cases."
The Union says, on the authority of the chairman
of the investigating committee, that there is no truth
in the above statement.
Michigan. The bill providing for the sale of the
Southern railroad has finally passed both branches of
the Legislature, and only awaits the signature of tbe
Governor to become a law. The price to be paid is
half a million, and the sale contingent upon the sale
of the Central Railroad, and does not go into effect
until that road has passed from the State into the
hands of a company.
OrA great "National Fair," for the exhibition
of American of American manufactures, &.C., is soon
to take place at Washington. A building has been
erected for the purpose, in the form of a T, which
will cover an area 34,000 feet.
The Bankers' Circular contains a list of all the
banks in the Union, their location, capital, and offi
cers. The whole number is 60S, and the aggregate