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IXUIANArOLlS, MARCH C, 14T.
To Correspondents Cincinnati Gazette. PVa tend roar daily to." Georg Plant, Indianapolii, Indiana," to t&e .amount of five dollars, and charj oar account. C. fc S. R. A. C-, WUlimiport. W r sot war of hiring omitted tb publication alluded to. And oat word more. Wo employ and pay a reporter for thii matter; and it U always pubUabed at tho earliest practicablo moment. If 07 body can do better, wo ihouU Lie tliem to try it. fT" The State Journal speaks very lightly of the recent attempt of the U. S. Senate t3 digrace editor Ritchie on account of the publication of a certain communication in the "Union." We cannot think that the editor of the Journal conscientiously approves of the course of the Senate in question; for even ad raitting, as the Journal teems to believe, that the Senate did not intend by its action to gag the press, its course was characterized by any thin but that "dignity" which Senators professed to be bo jealous in maintaining. But the Journal is well aware that the resolutions were carried by the entire whig vote of the Senate in conjunction with Calhoun and Butler CM and Yulee and Westcott of Florida, the ultra slavery faction. This is the simple reason why the Journal takes the position alluded to. It defends a wrong action from the force of partizanship, and that only, and whether its motives are any better than those it unjustly imputes to Mr. Ritchie mercenary ones the public can decide. Since writing the above, we bave noticed the fol lowing paracraph on the same subject from the Boston Gc.f3L.er, a leading whig paper. It takes manly and just ground, and does not, like the Journal, impinge -xincs.'lhe most vital principles of liberty, for the pur pose of glossing over a wrong perpetrated by its party leaders: ' "W-kTnrjn of Mr. Ritchie from ti is privileged teat in i j States Senate wan an act of supreme fully. It was originated by a portion of bis own political paity, but Abe wbigs went in a body for the measure. It may have pioduced a momentaiy mortification to Mr. Ritchie, but it .eventually tend to increase his popularity wiih his party -a Ayr wbvh embraces a majority of the people of the Union. Jt Van'Jt ti ecesyri ff order to heal the wounded dimity of the Senate, if any serious wound had been inflicted, which is me hit doubtful, and by no means nniverally admitted. If the Senate is ko tentative to its honor as to visit with in dignation every animadveriin upon its proceedings, which tny chince to be promulgated by the newspaper pre?s, it will have a plentiful supply of business, and may as well resolve itself into a perpetual curt for the trial of editors and their correspondents. Grave senators are not far removed above the level of their constituents in regard to intellect and integrity. They aie not always wise enough to reread a mantle over their weakness and lolly, nor prudent enough lo act entirely fiee from prejudice and passion. There is no reason why tbey should De exempt from the fieest censure of the people and the piess; and when thi? freedom is abridged or overthrown, the teign of despotism is begun. "We bave no political sympatic! with Mr. Ritchie, but we bave a regard for the freedom of the pre-s and for the largest hbettv of animadversion upon all the servants of the people, however high their station." Democratic Victory in New Orleans. An election for Senators and Representatives took place in New Orleans on the 12th ult., and the Demo crats achieved a splendid victory. The Democratic candidates for the Senate, and the candidate for Rep resentative ii the 3d district, wre elected. In the 5th district it is said there is & tie. So much for Whig abuse of the Administration relative to the Mexican war, and every thing else. The people will mark their cour-e and remember it, as they did that of the Revolutionary torics, and the Federalists of 1812. So mote it be ! Concertl We bespeak especial attention to the concert pro posed to be given on Tuesday evening next, the 9th inst., by the Choir of the 2d Tres. Church, in behalf of the suffering poor in Ireland and Scotland. The choir have selected some of the most choice pieces, and it is well known that they-a re abundantly able to do them full justice. Such an announcement at any time would not fail to draw a crowd, but it will more certainly do so as the proceeds are fur so noble an object. Hon. A. Kxnnedv. The Fort Wayne Sentinel pub lishes an extract of a letter from Mr. Kennedy, by which it appears that he refuses again to be a candi date for Congress in the 10th district, except by the unanimous desire of the party. He is personally de- eiruus of retiring for the present. It will be hard to find a more able man than himself as his 6uccesor. Col. John Spencer of Fort Wayne is announced for place, subject to the action of a convention. 6-The teil and decency of the Louisville Journal thus developes itself in reply to a cotemporary. If such Stuff should appear anywhere else than in a leading whig paper, it would hardly find as ready a market as it now does : " We care nothing for such terms as "wrench" when they come from a fellow as foul-mouthed as if he bad fctood twenty-four hours gazing perpendicular ly upward with open mouth at a roost of obscene bird." I C7"The Wabash Express is entirely mistaken in its suppositions as to the author of the communica tion in this paper, in reply to the statements of "a Senator," in a previous number of the Express con cerning the Butler bills." The writer of our com munication was not a candidate for any appointment during the last session of the Legislature. C7"J. B. Semans, has commenced the publication of a paperat Lafayette, Ind., entitled the "Son of Temperance. Its title indicates its objects; and if jt will make war on the beer barrels," instead of giving them 44 aid and comfort," it will probably do ome good within its sphere. Soldiers, look at Lieut. Love's advertisement in to-day's paper. Now is the best chance probably ever to be had by those desirous of serring Uncle Sam. 5uch offers are cot made every day. 0rSee advertisement of new washing machine. It is understood a public trial will be made soon probably on Monday next. It seems to be well worthy atteutim. QZrB. W. Engle takes the place of G. W. Snyder in the management of the " Crawfordsville Review." We wish him abundance of success. The proceedings of a. Democratic meeting at Eloomington will appear in our next paper. Tbey were too late for this. 03r Flour sold in Cincinnati, March 2d, at $4,30 to 1,45. Demand brisk and market firm. The East port, Maine, Sentinel publishes the politics of officers irr the army and navy, probably communi cated by some person attached to one or the ether service. He says: 1 ' The fallowing are whigs : Generals Scott, Gaines, ,Tylor, Wool, Worth, Brooks, Jesup, Commodores Conner, Perry, (brother of .Oliver II. Terry, and v3"iin-law to Mr. Slidcll,)' Capt. May and Jack Hays. The following are democrats:' Generals Tattereon, .Twigg, Cutler, Quitman, Smith, Kearney, Col. Har ney ajj Com. Stockton." ' "' "" Mo he Ruix! " The BtJlville Iron works" is the name given to extensive buildings in the course of construction opposite iNew Ur lea De. iliesc works are 'bein erected by a company, with ample capital, and the buildings will cover a space of 5(0 feet deep. They will, it is stated, give employment to threo hun dred workmen, ".ix - . OCrThe Western Railway Company have peti tioned the Legislature of Massachusetts to increase Jheir'capital to $1 0,000,000, for the purpose of Urin' a eecood track. ?? 3 4 Published every Thursday. Charges against Lt. Governor Dunning'. Under an envelope dated 'Camp near Saltillo, Jan. 0, 1947," we have jut received the communications whicli we append below, from Captain Kinder, who informs us that he has forwarded copies of the rame to the State Journal. Upon a careful reading of these communications, we do not see that they establish any thing more than Mr. Dunning has himself admit-j ted, as to matter of fact. Cut tl.cj do seem to evince ' a disposition to put the severest construction" upon those facts which they will possibly ber; and even to manifest a feeling of personal hostility towards Mr. Dunning, rather difficult to ecct unt for, if these facts alone are taken into view. By the same mail which brought these communications, we received a private letter from another source, on which we can rely, and from which we take the liberty of making the following extract: I see that they are attacking Mr. Dunning for selling whiskey at exorbitant prices. I know but little about this matter, but I have heard it frequently remarked that P. M. K had rather skinned him, and that notwithstanding the exorbitant prices charged, Mr. D. would lose in the transaction. But I would just say to you that there were other people who sold whiskey besides 1 ans L. Dunning, and if one whis key seller is to be attacked, they ought to give them all rough thunder. I am neither advocating nor de fending any man, but contend that all persons guilty of the same offence ought to be treated alike. I re gret that Capt. Kinder wrote the article in the Faoli paper, because 1 have a high regard for him. There will be plenty of time to talk of these matters after we get home." We think there is some pith in these remarks, and so we presume will our readers. Cut we must trust to time for a development of all the circumstances in this case; and we have do doubt that that arbiter will be a test of motives as well as of facts. To the Editors cf the Indiana Slate Sentinel. In your paper of Nov. 10thT 1846, 1 see a commu nication from Lt. Gov. Dunning relative to his doings while on the Rio Grande. It is not my intention to enter into a controversy with him. I send you with this communication, a circular from the democratic officers of the regiment, which you will please pub lish, and I shall rest satisfied, and let the case go to a jury of the people. In a letter which I did write to the editor ot the 1 atriot, published at i aoli, 1 made certain statements, and I think the circular will fully justify me. The insinuation in your paper that I was once a ichtg, was unexpected to me, from the source. The first vote I ever gave was for James Whitcomb for Gov. and Joeeph A. Wright for Congress. I never cast a vote for a whig for an office higher than a con stable in my life. Your insinuation can have its weight. I am willing that the people of the State of Indiana may judge of my letter and the circular of the officers. 1 was much surprised at the effrontery of Mr. Dunning in attempting to deny the facts, when there are so many witnesses who will testify to the facts. I am yours, respectfully, T. E. KINDER. We the undersigned officers of the 2d rotriment of Indiana volunteers, and members of the democratic party, have seen with regret an attempt made by cer tain democratic papers in Indiana to bolster up the rondilrt nf Paria C. Dutininc wliile On the R io Grn nrtp That Lt. Go?. Dunning was engaged iu the sutling business is true. That he was connected with P. M. Kent in selling whiskey and other liquors to the sol diers at high and most exorbitant prices, cannot be denied by any person who was here at that time. The volunteers were lorccd to buy ot them or do without, because ihey were the sutlers to the Regi ment, and there were no (roods nearer than the mouth nf trip Rio Grande or Matamoras. Wc Win it hut justice and a duty we owe to those persons who have written nome disclosing uiese tacts, to make thus openly, this statement : and we were surprised that he attempted to shume on me responsiDinty. v e rnrrr.it to st that nprsona arc ludrrprl as nrtinrr fmm sinister motives in openly denouncing birn to thepeo- pie ot Indiana, ine statements inaue ana published in KnmK uf ihß rtamTS in Indiana are as notorious in camp as is the fact that he was here and was a part ner of Kent. Mr. Dunning denies the eclling of i c . l t ..ifk-t ii wntSKcy lor more man auuui iu uays. w e are wen aware that it was keDt ana sold bv the authority of - i f m the sutler, during Mr. Dunning's entire connection with him, on the Kio Grande. We deem this suffi cient. If more is necessary, it can be given from the egiment. fW. A. EOWLES.Col. W. It. 1IADDON, Liput. Col. JAMES A. CRAVENS, Major. DAVID C. SHANKS, Adjt. L. Q. HOGGATT, 1st Lt. Law. Greys. WM. T. SPICELY, 1st Lt. Com. B. DAVID S. LEWIS, Lt. Com. B. A. T. ROSE, 1st Lt. Com. C. JOSHUA MOORE, 2d Lieut. JOSIAII BURN ELL, Lt. "com. Com. D. THOMAS C. PARE, 2d Lieut. Signed, Pkettt Good ! The Louisville Democrat winds tip a pungent commentary on the late anti-war speech of Tom. Corwin, by the following ludicrous exposi tion of the general inconsistencies of the Federalists: The conduct of .the frdeial party i the most inconsistent and aburd that was cvrr exhibited. It wan uncotiMitulional to much tbe atmy to the Rio Grande, but they never thought of it till Ion if after it was done, and thry knew it. It was wicked to make war, and el tl.ev voted for 60,000 troop ai d $10,000 000. Tbis is a Piew'eBtN war and a war uf conquest, ai'd ytt tny votea mat war exuiea vj ine scioi Mexico." The war is all w ion it, and yet the Piideot is wionir. fur not fighting baidrr. lt wa wrong to march to (he Rio Grand, but now that Congiesj has rrcognizrd the war, which. of couise. alteit the right and wrong of the matter. it is pioper to march all thiouh Mexico; aud expedient as well as ugbt to xnaicn into California. Corwio acquits him-elf of all these inconsistencies and trammels, and goes against the war. The f. ult with him is that he proposes no action. He contends tbat tbe Senate have a right to consider tbe matter. Then, we say, why dont the worthies do it I Why dont thry exercise the right or at least try Why dont they bung forward joint resolu tions in accoidance with tbe cited? They would read about a followswe mean these for Corwio and his small guaid in the Senate. We cannot see wby tbe whigs should not all soppoit them, except tbat it would not, peibaps, have a proper beaiing on their prospects in 184S. We suggest that Corwin, GidduiK, or some other of the worthies, present tbese icsolutioiist Whereas, this country has been plunged into an unjust, wiiked ai'd atrocious war by the Piesiilent j theiefore 1. Resolved, Tbat we lied like the d I, when we voted that war was biought on by the act of Mexico. 2. Resolved, Tbat tbe declaiation of war be rescinded and oor army disbanded. 3. Resolved, Tbat commissioners be appointed, lorwin chairman, to proceed to Mexico to beg a peace 4. Resolve, That these commissioners, clothed IB sacK cloth and ahes, with their heads shaved, proceed to the camp of Santa Anna, and there falling down at bis feet ask pardon of hiai for the wiongs done his country. 0. Resolved, Tbat Texas be surrendered to Mexico, ana that (50,000,000 be appropiiated to iodemnify ber for tbe expei"s of the war. 6. Resolved, That all the Mexican soldien who have been wounded are entitled lo a ension from the Uni'.ed States, and that the families of the soldiers in Mexico who bave been killed, be supported at tbe public expeuse of the United States. 7. Resolved, That the President be impeached for making tht whi(S vote a falsehood io laying that war existed by the act r-t Mexico, and that Geneitl Taylor be tashieied lor obeying unconstiiutioita and wicked orders. 8. Resolved, That Ihe thanks of Congiess are due to Mexi co for ber gallant and persevering resistance to an unjust and wicked invasion of her territory, and tbat Santa Anna, Ampudia, and Aiita bave each a medal Strock with a suita ble device in commemoration of their glorious aeryices in tbe cause of national justice.' JJomb Shells. The West Troy Advocate gives the following official statement of the number of bomb shi'lla for Government in Albany, Troy and West Troy, during the last two months : 'in Albany, 8,000 1 Troy , 11,690 . West Troy ............ v -23,103 Total .42,792 INDIANAPOLIS, Congress. The principal sulject of interest up to the latest date, was the debate in the Senate on the Three Mil lion or Peace bill. -Mr. Benton had made an able speech in reply to Calhoun, in which he reviewed the course of the latter on the Texas question. He pave Calhoun some forty-four pound shots. We shall publish his speech in our next. It fot only puts Calhoun, but the Whi leader?, hors du combat. Fee. 2G. In the Stnatr. Mr. Morehead, from the Committee on Test OlT.ces and Post Roads, reported the House bill amending the present Tost Office law. The bill as reported was passed. Mr. Crittenden reported a bill appropriating $500, 000 for the relief of Ireland to be expended by the resident in the purchase of provisions, and paying the expenses of transporting the same to Ireland by government vessels. Messrs. Critterden, Clayton and Cass, made speech es in favor of its immediate adoption ; but it met with some opposition on the part of Mr. rules, and so it was hid over for the present. The Three Million Rill was taken up, and Mr. Hannegan having the floor, gave his views. After he had concluded, the Civil and Diplomatic Fill was taken up; but the Senate adjourned wit.i. ut taking any action upon it. House. A bill regulating intercourse with Indian tribes, and also the navy appropriation bill, passed the House to-dy. On motion of Mr. Boyd, the IIoue went into Com mittee of the Whole, and took up the bill from the Senate providing for the officering of the ten new re,: iinents. An amendment was adopted allowing the President to Mlect the chief commander from the regular army of volunt?er force, at his option, without rtgard to commission ; also, an amendment limiting the num ber of Major Generals to two, and the Brigadier Gen erals to three. The House adopted the amendments. O-The following article is from the N. Y. Sunday Times, edited by the noted M. M. Noah, once a democrat, afterwards a whig. The Ti nes we believe is a neutral paper. The article vindicates the Administration from the charges of the federal papers that it has been unkind to Gen. Taylor. Such a vindication is not needed by those who remember that the President rapidly raised Taylor from the office of a colonel of the line and brevet brigadier general, to the command of the army of occupation and inva sion," over the heads of Iiis superior officers, and afterwards nominated him to the honorable commis sions, first of a brevet major general, and next of major gencrat in full. iut there are other points in the article which are of interest. Our Generals. No one can say, or should 6ay, that republics are ungrateful. We scarcely open a paper, without see ing some honor, pome funeral triumph, some merited culogium on the oSicers who fell defending the flag of their country. Committees have crossed the seas and travelled thousands of miles, to bring from a foreign soil the buried soldier, and inter. him with honor near his native home, so that Ins bone: should not repose in a foreign land. .To the living the country has been prodigal of favors, honors, promo tions, and rewards; and a grateful people have mani fested towards General Taylor, in particular, the highest praise that could be rendered for brilliant services, accompanied with every honor and favor that could be lonferred upon hitn. All this was merited and just, lt was therefore with regret that we read the letter from General Taylor, published in every newspaper ostensibly written to a private friend, but evidently with no prohibition as to giving it to the world in which he prefers charges against the government, intimates that the public authorities were dissatisfied with his armistice, and declares that he has been left without adequate supplies to maintain his position. General Taylor knows the duty Le owes to his government and superior officer. He is a plain, substantial man, with a good strong mind, and great military activity and experience; but he has been tampered with by politicians. Hemmed in by a superior force, and supposed to have been cut off from his camp when at Palo Alto, he was condemned as an unskilful officer in allowing himself to be caught in that dangerous position; but when he fought and gained the battles of Palo Alto and Ke-aca de la 1 alma, those who were the loudest to condemn the imprudent general were the first to offer him the homage of their applause, and to dis cover that, in addition to a brave and successful military leader, he was an indomitable ichig ; and forthwith they nominated him for the next Presidency, and he was told in the papers that he had experienced "ill-treatment from the government," and that -the " idle and incompetent officials at Washington had scrutinized with a jealous eye all his movements." That General Taylor believed this to be true, we have a right to infer from his letter, and we are sorry for it. lt is thus that the vile spirit of party para lizes all that it touches, and destroys those who it is most desirous to serve. How has General Taylor received "ill-treatment" from the government! He was selected to command the army at Corpus Christi over the heads of several older colonels, and of high reputation selected be cause the government had a high opinion of his skill and courage, and his soldier-like manners and habits. Was this "ill-treatment I" The moment intelligence arrived of the glorious battles of the 8th and Ihh of May, the President of the United States promoted him from the office of a brevet brigadier to that of a major general, aud he did not transmit the commis sion through the adjutant general's office, as cus tomary, but wrote an autograph letter, enclosing the commission, returning thanks in his own name, and in the name of his country, and expressed his greatest pleasure that he had it in his ower to reward such services. Was this " ill-treatment !" Why Gen. Taylor has not at this day acknowledged the honor done him by the chief magistrate of the nation, and commander-in-chief of the army, is a private affair with which we have po right to inter fere. The general complains that he had not adequate supplies transmitted to him that he hud but "limited means," and l ad he failed he would " have been se verely reprimanded, if nothing worse." We look with wonder upon the operations of the war department since the war, and the immense amount of labor it has accomplished within the last eighteen mouths. Unprepared for war, 13,tU0 men have been armed, equipped, mustered into service, and sent with immense stores of cannon, powder, ball, and provisions, a distance of nearly two thousand miles in a strange country another army despatched over the wilderness to California more than an abun dance of all kinds of stores and provisions shipped thousands of miles, ayd hundreds of wagons pro cured for transportation battles fjiight--victorica gained storming parties, shells, mortars, howitzers, and every thing appertaining to war prepared in due .season and in abundance. We have conquered ten times more territory, and fought more desperate pitched battles in eighteen months, with less than ÜU.000 men, than France did in Algiers, with 80,000 veterans, in seven years ! Is nothing due to the energy and vigilance of the war department for the preparations which have accompanied these victories! Save me from my friends!" Gen. Taylor may well aay. But is he ahme in all the glories of this war? Where was Puncan and bis artillery, who loudly in couneil insisted upon fighting the battle of Resaca de la Talma, with a majority against him ? Where was Worth, who skilfully led his stormipg party at Monterey, and carried the strongholds of that place ! Gen. Taylor has received nothing but kindness and confidence from the Prepident, and zealous and suc cessful co-operation from the war department ; and if these mischief-making, busy, intermeddling politi cians, who seek only to use him for their own purpo ses would leave the old soldier alone to bis delicate duties, and not buzz their flattering falsehoods and promises for tbo future in hia ears, he would not write Jetter unfriendly to his government, and the auperior officer to whom he owes obedience and re pect. Opinions against creating a lieutenant-general tave, aüice tbe publication, of that Jetter, under gone jcojasiderable change. MARCH 11, 1847. Sketches in the Camp. BY Ay IX-KEPOETEE OT THE STATE SENTINEL. No'. 15. The 2d regiment left Rinconadt on the morning of the 31st of December, The road wound round a mruntnin peak to tbe left. After proceeding about a mi e we found ourselves at the foot .f a high rocky hi'!- The train reached the top with considerable difficulty. M the top of this summit I observed a place where the Mexicans had commenced throwing up breastworks for the purpose of preventing the Americans from advancing any further into their country ; but the work had been abandoned before any part of it was completed. They had only dug a ditch about IS inches de p around a small space of ground. From the quantity of rock in and about it, I should judge it was hard digging, and if I had been so unfortunate as to have been born upon Mexican 6oil with Mexican principles, and been doomed to dig in Rich a place, if they did not furnish me powder to blow up the rocks I should certainly ask the privi lege of bein? mustered upon the lazy list. There can be no doubt that when Ampudia succeeded in induc ing Gen. Tayloj to have it fixed in the terms of the capitulation that neither army should pass Rincotiada within the sixty days, it was his intention to fortify so Wrongly upon this hill as to prevent our army from passing at any future time. He probably imagined that he would cut the Americans down by thousands as they approached. I am wil'ing to admit that thi would afford the enemy a strong position, but our army considers no fort.fioation invincible no walls too high to scale, and no force too large to contend with. This position would enable the Mexicans to make a strong defence, but they would be driven from it. Duncan's Battery would be seen climbing the steep precipice. Ridgeley's Flying Artillery would advance quickly, sending the messengers of death in rapid succession, the regulars and volunteers would advance upon them with fixed bayonets; the Texan Rangers would climb over the mountains at the right, and before the setting of the sun, the Mexicans would be glad to slip out at the back door. I am not in the habit of boasting, but after viewing the ground at Monterey, where our army fought against superior numbers, in strong forts and well erected castles, I am constrained to believe that in any other content they would be no less brave. We encamped at a hacienda called Ojo Calienta. The mountain pass through which we were travelling did not contain a tree or shrub four inches in diame ter, except some shade trees that were set out at ranches near the road side. The ground was quite rocky and covered with small bushes abuot a foot and a half high and two or three species of the cactu?, though pine trees of considerable size were seen on the top of the mountains. The next morning was new year's day, but nothing of importance orcurrtd. After marching several hours we met the 1st regi ment of Ohio and the Louisville Legion returning to Monterey. We arrived at the camp ground near Saltillo, some time before dark and found every thing quir-t, and tiie Mexicans as polite as so many French gentlemen. In fact, they did not seem to be as stupid a set of heathens as those yiC-the Rio Grande. On the contrary, many of them in" this section are well educated iu taeir own language. Gen. Butler and Gen. Worth were still here. Tbey are both excellent men men whose bravery has been tested men who have exceeded the expectation of their friends in every contest in which they have been engaged. Gen. Butler has not en'irelyly recovered from his wound, but I assure you that notwithstanding this fact the old hero would.-atJou gjit to-day as any other time. The health of the men in the 2d and 3d regiments has been very go-xl. One of Capt. Rousseau's men died very suddenly on the 3d ff. January. He went out to the" spring branch, and whiler'in "the act of dipping up a cup of water he fell over and survived only a few minutes. Col. Bowles, Capt. Walker, and Commissary Graham, arrived here on the 4th of January. , A portion of the infantry and artillery left here to day. It is expected they will go to Vera Cruz. There were some of the regulars that hailed from Indiana, and among the number was Lieut. Benjamin, who called on us and bid us farewell. I was much gratified to learn from a gentleman (belonging to the same battalion) who accompanied us to this place, that Lieut. B. gave a good account of himself at the battle of Monterey. He is an ardent young otBcer, always ready to face danger, and be foremost in the attack. It is much colder here than at Matamoras, though not so windy. We have not seen any snow, and but little ice. Wood is very scarce, being brought here at a great distance on pack mules. We suffer but littl" with cold, but the Mexicans draw their ring streaked and spotted blankets over their shoulders and even cover up their faces and exclaim " mudiurizo" Camp Culler, near Saltillo, Jan. 7, 1317. NoTTo. When Gen. Worth left Saltillo on the 10th of Jan uary, with a portion of the flying artillery and some of the infantry belonging to the regular army, every thing was calm. There was not the slightest move ment of a hostile nature ori the part of the enemy, that could be perceived. Gen. Lane moved into the city and took the command of it in place of Gen. Worth. Gen. Butler still remained" here, having com mand of not only all the forces uear this point, bot of his entire division stationed at d.ficrciit points. But we soon began to hear of "rumors of war," Mexican encampments, Mexican lancers and 6pies. The 3d regiment had already moved from their encampment to the city and taken quarters that had been evacuted. The '2d regiment was seut for in great haste, which regiment moved into ihe city with as little delay as possible on the 12th of January, and since that time there has been nothing talked of but a fight. It has even been asserted that there would be a battle before the going down of the sun on the following day, but that day lias more thau once passed by without bring ing with it the horrors of war. But most of the news came through men from Gen. Wool's camp, and one of the Arkansas cavalry informed me yesterday that Gen. Wool had been talking about a fight ever since they commenced the march, and at this late period they attached no importance to any alarm that was given by him that they had continually heard the cry of wolf," when there was no wolf. It is true there are some remarks made in relation to an attack that ap pear somew hat ludicrous, but there can be no doubt that there are some indications of hostile movements on the part of the enemy. The Mexicans have already moved many of their valuable golden images from the church on the Plaza de Santiago, and a great number of families have moved out of the city within a few days. The Tlascan Indians (who inhabit a portion of Saltillo) appear lo take coming events more easy, and do Dot leave town In such great numbers. These Indians are a part of a tribe that rendered Cortcz effi cient service in conquering Mexico. I . know not what part they have played in this Mexican war, but I have been informed that they do not amalgamate with the Mexicans to a very great extent that their municipal regulations are distinct from the rest of the city, and that they have a chyrch of their own, which is of the catholic order, as no other is tolerated by the Mexican constitution. Saltillo was once the capita! of a large district of country, embracing all of Coahuila, parts of New Leon and Durango. It is known on mot of the American maps as Leona Vicarlo. The Mexicans would con gregate here for more than three hundred miles dis tant for an annual fiestas, or feast. Tables would be set in the streets loaded with the richest luxuries that the country afibrded, and many & poor Mexican who was green in relation to the customs of great crowds, would set down Jo eat, and after filling himself, would rise and find his hat missing and his pockets picked. Then there were mounte-banks, (card tables) bull fights, and cock fights, and bets were made to a con siderable amount, and before they reached home many of them would be robbed if not murdered. Cork figlit ing iss'Ul a very great amusement with the Mexi cans. Every Sunday afternoon there are several fights at some of the cock pits at Saltillo, and a great number of Mexicans are always present with their pocket full of money to stake upon the belligerants. Jbty fight equa.1 to Texas Rangers, and one of the nltimp VI "YrrntriPr N uiunie v i.........iiiHiuer . V two combatants is almost invariably killed, but this is j partly owing to the fact that their gaffs are unlike thos-e made in the United States, instead of bcin j made for picrceing, they are n-ade like swords to cut1 and thrust so that they will leto.it the entrails of iey an antagonist at one stroke. Whrn thri r m . J probability of a game-cock recovering from a wound, great care is taken to restore him, and for t!. at pur- rtTWC 1 Ifl rkJirtlv trw cA aitt Tritt Airi t r tirornnt in isanv flammation. Cock fighting is encourared by some of the greatest men in Mexico, and from appearances It should judge that public opinion wnctioned this amusement quite as much as horse racing was encour aged in some parts of the United Slates. Saliillo seems to be rather on the decline. Many of the build j ings look very old and are going to ruin. Th streets I are very narrow, and raved with small rocks, that have been worn smooth by mules traveling over them. The city is well watered by fountains on the plazas, the fountain head being on a hill above the city; the water er.n be conducted to any part of it. The water never fails, and is very useful, not only to the citizens of Siitillo, but is used to irrigate the tone's in the val ley when the rain is not sufficient for the growth of the crops. By this means some very fine fields of corn are cultivated even in the rocky valley between Sal- I tillo and Monterey.- But this is not all the advantage of this mountain spring. There is a cotton facory in j the valley propelled by the water from this spring. It 1 is owned by an English firm, and although theMtxi- can laws ore not favorable to foreigners Jocatmg fac tories iü their territory, the firm pay all that the gov ernment exacts fur the privilege of niduufacturiiig,and still make a handsome profit on the capital inverU-J. It appears that the Mexican government has.Xilicn into the sime error that has been practised by many better nations and moreci vilized people. This error is to make nu distinction between a coarse and a fine article. The foreijn manufacturer who locates here is required to pay a cer ain amount on ev ry p. ere he make, and to pay as much for the privilege of ma tin-' fucturing a axirte piece as a fine piece. This is ill" reason that they cannot aff ru to sill c-arse goods much less than tine. It is strunze that when a peo ple copy any thing from a nmre tivilat d natioa tiiey almost invar. ably copy the faults of tiiat nation, in stead of something that would be of some advantage. The health of the Indiana volunteers is very good, as well as those from Illinois and Arkansas, that are encamped near here. On the 16th a soldier was at the upper fountain for the purpose of wajering two horses, two M ex. cans rode up near him and lassoed him, at the same time taking both of his horses and making their escape. The soldier laid upon the ground rcnseless fr some time and then got.up and reached the quarters of Col. hurchill, without being molested, but he was very much bruised and covered with blood. Two armed Mexicans were taken prisoners on the 17th of January. Saltillo, Mexico, Jan. 13, 1217. Tlie Prosecution or llie.TTar. We cannot regard as entirely consistent with pub lic interest, the course of several distinguished and leading men in each House of Congress, upon the Mexican wa.'. Of course we acknowledge the lejns lative right of opinion, speech and action. Of course we admit that parties are incidental to popular gov ernments, and generally useful; that botn uf the great parties into which our country is divided, having equal stakes in the liberty, character, property, pros pects, and other rights of the country, are equally patriotic; and that the distinguished legislators who oppose the Executive in the prosecution of this war, are as deeply involved in, and as keenly sensitive ti, the safety, prosperity and honor of their country, as those legislators, equally distinguished, with whom they disagree. We cannot award to Gen. Cass, or Col. Benton, or Mr. Allen, or Gen. Dix, or MrTGatn eron, purer motives or loftier aims, than to Mr. Clay ton, or Mr. Crittenden, or Mr. Corwin, or Mr. Web ster, or Mr. Calhoun. But while admitting tjl this, we must insist on the right of judgment, and without impeaching the motives of any, urge tiiat w hile the course of some among them tends to promote the in terests and 6utain the honor of tbo country, that ofl tne others has the very opposite tendency. The rereut speeches of Mr. BcrrienMr. Calhoun; and .ur. Corwin are, in cur estnnatiou, very impru dent at the present crisis. They are utterly us.-l ss for the purpose of reversing anything that has been done towards Mexico, and worse than useless in pro tracting the war, j.he opinions of Ir. Corwin upon the origin of the war, will not restore the country to the position which it occupied betöre General laylor crossed the Nueces, or Gen. Arista the Kio Grande. They cannot unfizM the battles of Palo Aim, Resaca and Monterev, restore to life the thousand w ho have died in the war, or to the treasury the millions ex pended. Then of what present value are ail these censures of the Executive for the past ! We can see none; a it-J were they merely useless, we should se verely condemn 6uch waste of precious time in Con gress. But such things are more than useless. They are positively injurious to the country, in inspirlug the Mexicans with hopes from our divisions; and, in thus protracting the war. The Mexicans, an igno rant, vain, and thoughtless people, are accustomed to frequent revolutions in their own government, pro duced by cause much slighter than any which exc4te our division in Congress. In Mexico, the slight and temponry disagreement between the War Depart ment, t.nd Gen. Scott, or the proposition to cast im plied censure upon Gen. Taylor, would have called from either of these officers a praiiunciamenlo, fol lowed by a revolution end total change of national policy. And the Mexiran legislative parties, each led by an aspirant to the Presidency, could not pass through a Congressional session without a revolution, a new President, and the imprisonment, exile or death of his predecessor. Accustomed to such changes, and measuring all political action by their own, this vain and ignorant people may well suppose that our Congressional strifes are the precursors of a speedy revolution, in which the present administration will be displaced by another, favorable to Mexico. And they do suppose it. General Taylor's letter tells them that "nobody in the United States thinks of annexing Mexico;" and hence they are encouraged to reei-st us, believing that, as the administration will not be permitted to receive any territory, the people will not incur thp expense of prosecuting a long war for nothing. Mr. Berrien says that our policy is against firlher acquisition of territory, which leaves the Mexicans to infer that the government are prosecu ting a war without an object, and will not be tolera ted longer in wasting the national resources. Mr. Calhoun tells them that we iuu6t retire within th Rio Grande, which encourages" them in their efforts to drive us over it. And now Mr. Corwin vindicates the Mexican government, denounces his own, accuses the President of issuing a false manifesto, and calls upon Congress to etop the war; all which informs the Mexicans that one half at least of the American nation are their allies, and consequeutJy tiiat tbey will finally beat he other half. Such are the tendencies of these proceedings, how ever conscientious anJ patriotic be their authors; and for their integrity and patriotism we allow full credit. Their object being a speedy termination of the war, they would attain it much more easily by prosecuting the war with vigor; by proclaiming to Mexico that, however the war originated, it is the cause of the nation, and must command all the na tion's energies J that, whichever of the two nations were the aggressor, Mexico must hope to find no al lies in the United States. We must admit tbat the tendency of such conduct is " aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States," though never intended for such purpose. Pa. Ledger. The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune slates, on the authority of Mr. Isaac Hill, that that gentleman proposes to establish in Wash inton a Democratic press, and it is to have the Con gressional printing, " having made the most satis factory bid.' , John Case, in 1842 publisher of the Circleville Her ald, a violent whig paper, has recently deserted from the Mexican party, end now doe battle manful! a the editor of tr) pemocratjc Watchman of that place, I OKLIfiN SEWS. .fun gi a ii a The Parliamentary proceedings hare exclusively absorbed attention. The eyes of the nation are fixed on Ireland, where death is doing its woik through the instrumentality of starvation. The details are horribly sickening. The poor try to escape, and thousands find their way daily to England and Scot-. ' land. Liverpool and Glasgow are overrun w iüi these I lp creatures. In the former town as mapy as 100, Ü0Ü Uve roceivpd uuTHloor re:icf in a -eck. The pressure of local taxation on the rale payers is l.kelj to. ruin n,any m11 housekeepers, and leave them ?,l,U,oul COTennS or ber. Liverpool Times, Feb. , . ' . A dermia en-Tt is being made by the wealthy c,Vses in. Ead to a.,Ut the Irish by nn of r. ' ...-v. . nriiAia Miiiirririiiina nr ,hc i:mnir aa mnph rwnsi ble from anv sonerduoua consumntion of fo.d. A t : 1 Jtieen s letter has appeared, addressed to the minister ot the Church ot England, requiring subscriptions to te ,na. d larjre sums have thui ben collected iu c,ve7 pl,f 'P by every f..r.u cf faith in I e oaaappuy me s;aie ot inguiarm pour is nearly as bad as that of the destitute Irish. For them also liberal subscriptions continue to be gather But the distress i not confined to Scotland and Ireland : thpn is rmirh at nmcnnt t n . in r.ml. rA The high price or provisions and the reduced stock of cotton are amongst the causes tiiat have sggrava. ted the condition of the operatives in many of the large towns of Lancashire and Yorkshire. The cot ton mills under the influence -f tl,e present quotations of cotton, are working languidly. Mr. Bright is going to take up the question of the cotloa crop, by moving for a select committee to inquire into the best tn de of proniuluig the growth of cotton in India.- Indeed, there is a prevailing conviction that ihe days of cheap cotton are gone, and not likely to return for un indefinite time. . Since the lat steamer most of the sul jects glanced at in the Queen's speech have passed in ample review ut both bouses of Parliament. The debates have produced some strange rcsul:s. All the old party landmarks disappeared under the influence of the ca lamify which has overtaken Ireland. V On Saturday the 13 J tilt., the House of Lords met to pass the Corn and Navigation bills. Lord Stanley expressed regret that the use of sugar for the purp ses of d.siiilitiori was to be made permanent, end Lord Erougi.am entertained sim.lar views. Lord Joun Rux-tlV scheme for the reiief arid im provement e,f Ireland was m t favorably receded by the Houe, und riiore espec ially i-y the Irish landlords, who ate tjol only to bave years to repay, at a nnll rate of tn'.erest, whatever Bums they require fr in the Government, but half only tf the present expanse in curred in the productive works. k is be borne by tin m; the other half is to be borne by the nation gcueraiiy. The Irish landlords as a body are universally un,pu lar in England; and while liiere is -every desire ex pressed to mitigate the severity of tins Irish Tutnine, people on this side of the water object to the Ministe rial project mainly because it saddles the industrious people of this country w-ith additional imp sts to screen the owners of tle Soil of Ireland-tne absen tees, who have hitherto danced ocr the continent, spending money, sucked out of their unfortunate tenants, and even under the pressure of the present distress appear to be the only persons who will be permanent gainers by iL The question universally asked i, how much will these Irish measures cost ! The temjorary outlay, it appears, will be at least seven millions only '; the ul timate drain will probably reach two or three times tha amount. This is really a serious matter for the industrious classes in England, who are now clamor ing for the real of taxes tbat press heavily on trade, and obstruct the prosperity uf lue country. Büt these arid all other subjects connected with Ireland are to undergo a searching analysis. Lord Lansdowne. the same evening made a similar explanation to tie House of Lords relative to Ireland. The Royal assent has been given to the Corn and Navigation bids. On the 29th, in the House of Lords, in reply to question respecting letters of Marque, Lord Palmer ston stated on authority of the Mexican Charge d'Afi f.iires, that no person in England had been authorized to issue such letters. Foreign subjects abroad, he added, were unt amenable to be treated as pirates for being engaged in such an enterprise. Ja.vuart 30 The scarcity of the last harvest has occasioned great distress in this coutitrv, and thi. dis tress has led to serious and even alarming :iurban- J -I -, 0 r- , I lie et Yalaine, CoSps due Noid and Cher. At O.a- . . a iti I11T.HV .iMiinriiiiHii m . innn ir 111 nfrH in .iuiiiip 4eauro ix the population rose and destroyed several house, murdered severs! persons, and committed acts of gro3 violence, Reimes, too, mot ser.oi.s dis turba nces have taken place. At one time great alarm wa felt by the Givernnient, but the rioting now ap jears to be calming down. Neverthe'.e:. it is dreadr ed that there will yet be more violence srtd bloodshed. The misery of the lower classes i dreadful, aod even people comparatively well off complain of ths extra ordinary deariiegs of foftd. Tiie Cha rubers had passed a bill providing that until September next, the lowest duiies FhalJ.be laid on goods, grain and live etock. The duty thus becomes nominal, not exceedin-r to 3'J centimes per beeto litre or Iioad. The Government has also prohibited the exportation of potatoes a lid oilier vegetable. The French government has addressed a circular to its Consul Agents in Mexico, enjoining its subjects not to make use of the Mexican letters of marque. The Bishop of Oregon, lately nominated by the Poe, is in Havre, abuit to depart for Iiis destination. There i-t great distress prevailing ia the French departments, in consequence of the late scanty harvests. There has al-o been a severe pressure on the mooey market. The Bank of France has raised its rates of discount to 5 ner cent, and restricted its acconxocJ - i tjons. . Sjiain, Belgium and Denmark offer no news of im porta nee. Sweden has pmlestrd against the annihilation a Cracow. Snow at Stockholm was six feet deep. Slavery is to be abolished in the Island of St. a2 tholoniew. uertnany reels me general eisires. uorn arwj bread are very near. Government is ding everything possible to alleviate it, but cannot prevent great af fering. At Elberfield 43S heads of families, almost all wclj oflf in the world, hare determined to emigrate to the United .'Vate. The emigration from different parts of Germany to the States, is expected to be greater this year than jt has ever been heretofore. In ome places enlire villages are preparing to go, and in others people are trying, by alj means, to sell tlieir little pmperMes, s as to be enabled to try their lur- tunes in the new world. Kcliiiin. The mis-Mr in Fiamlers and other parte of tbis kingdom is Ircatifiil as bad as üt is dreadful. Gexeiul Taylor's Letter. A long communica tion in the New York Express, apparently written by JJr. r. jjacon. and t-peoncajly sanctioned bv Crenerai Gaines, vlrows forth the hi-tory uf General Taylor much talked of letter, ai,J ihe manner of its publica Hon. Ihe letter, it eern, was written to CreneraJ Gaines, who is General Taylor' second cousin, and with whom he has been loog in the habit of corres ponding freely. General Gaines howed it one cay to Dr. Bacon, who is his " occasionaj " medical adti? ser. Dr. Bacou suggested that ita publication w ould be timely and o-eful as a complete answer to hi those rascally attacks upon General laylor, aud that the whole peple oti ht to see it. General Gaines assented very readily, and Dr. liaeon, as soon as he had leisure, made a copy, omitting the confidential passages, which copy he offered to the editors of U:(j Express. On the cay w tiie publication. Gen. Gaones sent a copy of the Express to Gen. Taylor, wiih a Jette explaining why Jie had permitted the publication, a mf repudiating the editorial ommenti of ihe Exp&ess, Having occasion to visit Washington the next day, he laid a copy of the Express befire the President. and in the evening had an interview with that gentle. man and the Secretary of ar, to whom he avowed bis aceney in the publication, with a like disclaimer of the editorial comments. Gen. Gaines denies tLt there is any thing in the letter, either as ritten or as published, the publication of hieb could, on any known military principles copribute to do the United States arjy injury or Me.fieo my good. JJr, ' Bacon denies that there was any counsel with politj. cians in reference to tne put;icauon ; u was nxs act eolejy, and performed only in the military interest of Geo. Taylor. -yatirmal IntelHgtneer.