Newspaper Page Text
3nMatiq fftntc Sentinel,
ITCBÜAL TIC1LAHCC I THE rilCC OF LIBEBTT. INDIANAPOLIS, HIAKC1I IG. 1848. Our Terms. The following will hereafter be the permanent terms of the Weekly Indiana SlUe Sentinel: 07" Payments to be made always in advance. One copy, one year, "2.00 Three copies, one year, 5.Ü0 i'ive copies, one year, 8.00 Ton copies, one year, 15.00 Twenty copies, one year, 20.00 Semi- Weekly. Published three times a week during the session.) Oie copy, $1.00 I Three copies, $10.00 One copy during the session, 1.00 1UE$IUEXTIAL ELECTOKS. SE5AT0BIAL. iROBKRT DALE OWEN, t Poey County. 'EI1CNEZER M. CHAMBERLAIN, of Elkhart county. DisraicT. 1. NATHANIEL ALBERrO.V, of Harrison county. 2. CYRUS 1. DUNHAM, of Washington county. 8. WILLIAM M. McCARTY, of Fiaoklin county. 4. CHARLES H. TEST, of Wayne county. 5. JAMES RITCHEY, of Johno county. 6. GEORGE W. CARR, of Lawience cuoty. 7. HENRY SECRES T, of Putnam county. 8. DANIEL MACE, of Tippecanoe county. S. GRAHAM N. FITCH, of C..a county. 10. ANDREW J. HARLAN, of Grant cvuoty. fj-See first page Semi-Weekly. Democratic State Central Committee. LIVINGSTON DUN LAP, DAVID REYNOLDS, JAMES P. DRAKE, GEO. A. CHAPMAN, E. N. SHIM ER, WM. SULLIVAN, CHARLES MAYER. Democratic County Committee. Centre J. P. CHAPMAN, S. W. NORRIS, POWELL E0WLAND. Dttatur D. L. McFARLAND. Franklin JACOB SPRINGER. Lawrence J. PERRY, Sa. Perry H. P. TODD. Pik ADAM WRIGHT. Warren Vi. N. SHIM ER. Washington ELIJAH JAMES. '.Wayne JAM ES JOHNSON. To Correspondents. J O., (Owen county, we believe.) Your communication, or , petition, was lately left here for publication. The Legislature havii g adjourned, we fan see no good to arise from iti publica tion till the meeting of that body again. UesiJps, it woul 1 be well to re-write it, so as to make all the namet intelligible. It awaits yea order. Ward No. 7, Wide Awake ! ".The voters of Ward No. 7, are requested to meet mi the Indianapolis Brewery, west of the Canal, on -SATURDAY the 13th inst. at 1 o'clock P. M.. on business of importance connected with the Ward. Let all come ! Organization. "JThe Democratic State Convention, held at Indian apolis on the 8th of January, 134S, and the democratic members of the late Legislature, n?ar the close of the session, adopted resolutions in favor of an immediate organization of the democratic party, throughout the 'State. The latter adopted a resolution, instructing the State Central Committee to issue a circular, pro i Tiding that the democrats of each and every township in the State J? requested to meet on the first Monday in April next, th day of the spring elections, at or near the place of holding the township elections, and organize the said several totrnships, and that a Mass Mteting be held at the county seat of every county, on the Saturday next succeeding the said first Monday in April. The State Central Committee, we understand, will issue said circular, and will recommend an organiza tion something like the following : The democrats of the several townships will be requested to hold meet ings, in their respective townships, on the firt Mon day of April, and proceed to organize said townships. It is particularly recommended, that the democratic voters, at the township meetings, held on the first Monday in April, pledge themselves to use every ef fort tu procure a large attendance at the County Mass Meetings, on the Saturday next succeeding 6aid first Monday in April, and it is alio recommended to the different county committees, to procure democratic speakers, to address the people at said meetings, on the policy and principles of the democratic party. It will also be recommended, by the State Central Com mittee, as we understand, that where county commit tees have not already been appointed, that they be appointed at the Mass Meetings. This is very im portant, and we hope this matter will not, in any in stance, be lost sight of. The State Central Committee have directed a plain, practical method of State organization, and we trust every democratic editor in the State will keep this plan of organization, sanctioned as it is by the State Coven tion, the democratic members of the Legislature, and the Democratic State Central Committee, prominently before the people until the first Monday in April. We trust that every democrat, into whose hands the circular may fall, will at once prepare for the work and urge on all the necessity of attending the township meetings. Democratic editors, throughout the State, should keep up a standing and conspicuous notice of the township meetings in every number of their papers, until the first Monday ia April. Organize! Orsranize!! We are directed by the Democratic State Central Committee to state, that there will be a meeting of the Democrats of each and every township in the Slate, at the places of holding township elections, on the first Monday in April next, at which meetings it is most earnestly requested that each and every demo crat in the State should attend, as matters of great importance to the Democratic party will be transact ed, and an organization of the State commenced pre paratory to the Presidential campaign. On the Saturday succeeding said first Monday in April, County Mass Meetings will be held in each and every county, at the respective county seats, where county organizations will be completed, and speeches delivered on the policy and principles of the Democratic party. 07-Democratic Editors, throughout the State, are requested to give this notice a conspicuous place in their papers until the first Monday in April; and should this notice not reach all the counties in time, uch meetings will be held as soon thereafter as prac ticable. (JvWe publish to-day the Governor's veto of the .New Albany and Salem Railroad bill of last session. We invite the perusal of it before laying down the .paper. We hope it may be republished by every pa per in the State, as it involves no question of national politics, and yet the subject is one of imminent conse quence .to the State, in her d omestic relations. It was yiderrtry -briefly ami hastily written, as the immense .number of kills passed left very little time to bestow .upon a matter of this kind; but enough is given to ,ptjt every oae desiring the welfare of the State, upon serious reflectioru Awsexatkx. The N. Y. Evening Mirror states that Lieutenant Mayne Heid, whose death was re ported some time since, is about to be married to Signorina Gaudaloup Eozas, beautiful lady, a daughter of Senator Rozas, and said o be the wealth- iest'heiress in the valley of Mexico. That's the talk I 'Gexeäal F LoBf.- Thii Spanish officer, whose name became o uotcrioud from the contemplated ex- pfditioa to tbe Equador, has arrived in London from Cuba. Irlrs. Totnklm nnd tbe Presidency. Ab. 3. Mrs. Tomkins just getting up in the morning. Tomkins, I don't believe I'm able to git breakfast. I've got the headache and a pain in the back, and I feel trembly all over. You wonder what's the mut ter with me: Why, last night I fell asleep, and dreamed that I was nn.Injin. At first, I didn't ex actly know where I "was ; but after a while, I thought I was in them terrible Florida swamps, where they 6ay the Injins ued tc hide ; I know'd Taylor was af ter me, and while 1 was thinking where on arth I could go to keep him from rinding rne, I thought I hcarn something like the barking of dogs. I looked about, and sure enough there come them tarnal blood hounds full tilt on my trail. I know'd they'd tare my heart out the moment they got to me, and what on arth to do I didn't know. At last I thought I'd climb a tree, and up I scrambled gist in time to git out of thetr reach. There I sot, trembling and shivering, and my teeth a chattering like I had an ague shake, and there sot the dogs bow-wow-wow, the whole night long ; for you know time seems mighty long in a dream. Just as I seed day a peeping, I beam a gun go off". Bow-wow-wow went the dogs. I looked round, and there came Taylor and his men as fast as their feet could carry 'em. They seed me in the tree, and all at once they stopped and levelled their guns at me. 'Fire !" says Taylor. Bang went the rifles. I screamed and waked up. There I lay in bed, all in a tremble, with the sweat gist a pouring off me like water, and my head aching like it would bust, and sich a pain in my side, I coulJn't turn over till broad day-light. Now, Tomkins, you know I always did believe in dreams; and I know that dream wasn't sent for nothing. You'd like to know what it teas seni for 1 Why, gist to keep you from voting for Tay lor, the old gip. Oh dear! I never know'd what tliern poor Injins suffered till last night ; and, I tell you now, I'd rather vote for a loky, bad as I dispise 'em, than for sich a man as Taylor, that I would. They didn't set the Hood-hounds on the Injins, after all. Well, what if they didn't. I'm sure Taylor try'd to git 'em to do it; and parson Smith says, the desire to do a wicked thing is as bad as doing it, if we Lok at it right. Little did I think, when the whigs made sich a fu-s about the blood-hounds in for ty, and laid the whole blame on Van Buren, and called him every wicked name they could think of, that they would one day eat their own words, and put lip Taylor, the very man that recommended 'era, for President. Dear me, it does seem like a body can't believe what they see, with their own eyes, after this. 1 'an Buren wasn't loo good to do it ! Well, I know he's an abominable critter. They do say he has do ings with the evil one, himself ; but, if he has, it isn't right to lay Taylor's sins at his door; you know it isn't. Taylor said he didn't want to worry the In jins ! Yes, I know he said he only wanted to ascer tain where the Injins might be found : but, my good ness", did he expect to catch old birds with sich chaff as this ; no, he know'd the natur of blood-hounds well enough to know, that if they was once sot on, they'd tare the Injins limbless, afore he could get to 'em; but la! he didn't care who kill'd the Injins, so he got the glory of bringing the war to a close. It's fight o'clock And there's no breakfast on. Well, didn't I tell you I wasa't able to git breakfast Do you want me to get out of my sick bed and goto cooking; but it's gist of a piece with all your treatment, ever since you've thought of Taylor for President. Susy Caroline, bring me the camphire, honey, for I do be lieve your daddy's crazy. Tlie Iast Session. Just think ! More than six hundred laws were passed at the last session of our Legislature ! About that number were approved, and will make a comfort able sized book when printed, we should guess ! Six hundred laws ! That is four for each mea-.ber, in both Senate and House! In all this mass of trash, there were probably not a dozen of a character to in terest tlie whole people as a S ate. Session before the last was admitted on all hands to have been more conspicuous for horry and heedlessness, and local and private legislation, than any which had preceded it. Talk with members about the evil of so many private nets and local laws, and of the propriety and necessi ty of providing by a few good and well grounded gen eral laws, for the transaction of all such business at home in the diferent counties, that it would be bet ter for the individuals themselves, as in that case they wou!d not have to wait perhaps a year for the meeting of the Legislature. Tell them all of this they would admit its truth. But instead of anything being done in time to remove the difficulty, behold, the last session is admitted by common consent, to have been, in all these respects, still worse I Some perhaps have thought that after a tchße the mill-dam wouid run out and that this private busi ness woukl be finished and ended ! A gross mistake! Unless some decisive measures are adopted, it will in crease ! They are just turning the channel of all kinds cf business in that direction. The State House was once the place for making laws. But it has "come down a peg." It is now a place for doing County Commissioners business, Circuit Court busi ness, Probate Court business, Constable's business, and in fact, it lias a finger in almost all kinds of busi ness. For instance: Does an old lady in some dog fennel town want room for another onion bed, by hav ing an alley adjoining her garden vacated, it is a matter of so much magnitude, that the wisdom of the Legislature must be invoked, and the Legislative can non must be loaded to batter down the obstacle ! What a theme is there, my countrymen, fjr grey bearded wisdom and rampant eloquence. Reader, perhaps you think we are joking ! Ah! How much you are deceived ! Would you believe it ! There is, and since 1843 there has been, a general laic allow ing the town corporations or the county commission ers, to vacate any streets, alleys, lots and squares whatever ! But that is a matter of too much import ance for any thing short of legislative wisdom, and therefore the people mußt be taxed with an expense of five hundred dollars a day for legislating upon it! Town Swallowed by an Earthquake. Malta. The Neapolitan steamer Capri hu- brought intelli gence from Syracuse, that the earthquake which was felt here on the 11th, had laid the city of Augusta in ruins. The first shock was felt at 1 P. M., and was so violent that all the people fled from their houses. The following one, a few minutes afterwards, des troyed the whole place except twenty seven house; the mole sank, and where it formerly stood, there was no bottom at fifty fathoms. The last accounts re ceived at Syracuse, state that thirty-five dead bodies had been fonud, and fifty-nine wounded, recovered from the ruins. The earthquake was also felt at Notct, Syracuse, and Catania, with partial damage, and at Mesina, without damage. The late expedition of Gen. Lane, with 350 dra goons and Texan rangers, although it failed of its main object, the capture of Santa Anna, who fled from Tehuacan two hours before the strangers' arri val, was after all a most brilliant affair. It was boldly conceived, and boldly executed. Tehuacan is some 80 miles South of the main rosd from Vera Cruz to tlia capital. These 350 horsemen knew not what forces tbejr might encounter, but relying on their trusty weapons and the ski'l of their gallant leader, they went ahead at the rate of 40 miles a day, till tb-y reached ti-eir place of destination, but were so unfortunate as to find the bird flown, two hours before their arrival. Corrrtpondenct of the Indiana State Sentinel. Washington, March ö, T. M. When I was a school boy in Indiana, I well re member that among those who constituted the classes in arithmetic and mathematics, no remark, when the I whole class would be puzzled wiili tbe solution of some j uut b sum i prouieui, was nunc uuimiiuii man WIM it would take a Vhilailphia tatcytr to explain it; and, as this Major General Zachary Taylor, of the regular army, was reared and educated in tlie west also, 1 have no doubt he has, many-a-time, heard the same expression : and, like me, taken up an idea that Philadelphia lawyers mut be a whortleberry above common people's persimmon S4 -and the remembrance of this old saw, must have been his inducement for addressing a letter at 'he time,datcd, with great pro fessional accuracy, "Head Quarters, Army of Occu pation, Camp near Monterey (Mexico) .August 3, 1847," the whole burden of which is tlie next canvass for the Presidency of the United States, and especial ly so fur as the author is connected therewith : it is addressed with equal form and etiquette, to Hon. ' Joseph R. Ingersoll, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was very ostentatiously paraded by the Hon. Wash ington Barrow, a whig member of Congress from Tennessee, in a speech made by that politician at a Taylor meeting, on the 22 lt., in Philadelphia. My present olject is to make a few plain common-sense remarks upon this letter; and therefore I will not oc cupy your time with a synopsis of it; but, as I wish your readers to see and read it for themselves, so that, if I say anything about 'it that is unfounded, un fair, far-fetched, or illiberal, they may detect me in it. I clip it from the National Intelligencer (whig) of this city, enclose it herewith, and ask of you a si multaneous insertion of it in your columns; i. e. if you have not already done so. We published it in our papers of March 6th undi'th. Eds. As I make no pretensions to scholarship myself, and as I have always subscribed, and still do, to the time-honored adage that he who lives in glass houses should never throw stones, I pass over the grammar and the diction of this letter with but two remarks: 1. If General Taylor should be the whig candidate for the presidency, what a 'reflection will he be of those who claim for that party all the learning and all the decency. 2. How unfortunate for his literary fame was it, that Major "iV. W. S. Bliss, Assistant Adjutant General of the Urrfty, belonging at the time, and perhaps still, to the General's staff, who had, both previously and subsequently, written all of his letters, military and political, which had been pointed to as the unmistakable evidences of General T's rich scientific education, and classical turn of mind, happened to be absent from camp at the time it was written, on leave of absence, on professional 3uty, or i on the sick list ; for it has proved, beyond a doubt, j that General Taylor was, in those despatches and let ters, for which he received such distinguished ex pressions of admiration, trading on borrowed capital. In this, however, as lie now says he is a whig, we should not be so much astonished: it is the strongest proof of his politics that he furnishes. I shall pass over, I repeat, all this, and proceed to the considera tion of such expressions in the letter as the writer evi dently intends to make, and which his correspondent nor the public can misunderstand. I shall con tine myself mostly tu his gross inconsistencies, with a gentle touch at his egotism and presumptien, quali ties which he tries hardly to conceal, by his wonder ful expressions of humility and low estimate of himself. In the first parapragh, the General says he is a whig; and in the third one he says he is no politi cian. The sciences teach that oil and water cannot mix : the scriptures teach that no man can serve two masters ; but if you will show me a no-politician-icliig, or a whig-democrat, I will show you that the teachings of the chemist and the divine are both fal lacious ; and I will also show you an infidel-christian, the avowal of Omniscience that 4,he who is not for me is against rue" to the contrary notwithstanding. No politician and a whig are as inconsistent positions as any man can take: if they can be consistent, there must be, as John Randolph used to say, something false in the philosophy of the books. In the second paragraph, he says that he considers the views of Mr. Clay and the whigs, for the most part, more nearly assimilated as -regards political matter?, to those of Mr. Jefferson than their oppo nents; he is not quite certain, mark ye, on this point: it is well he is not, for I will repeat for him the posi tive assertion of one who was a politician, in every sense of the word, and who devoted to nothing else the same forty years of his life that General Taylor confesses found him so entirely removed from the sphere of political matters, that he had but little time to devote to the consideration or investigation of great political questions : my witness is not a democrat, but a whig. In the spring of 1841, in the month of March, Mr. Houghton, the editor of a whig journal in Boston; a man who has been a leading politician for forty years and more ; a ripe scholar, a deep thinker, and an energetic writer ; in speaking very commendably of General Harrison's inaugural ad dress, said "if President Harrison will take our advice (for we too have a right to advise him) the less he thinks, and the less he talks about Mr. Jefferson the better ; fi r all the evils that have befal len our country, for the last tweive years, have been caused by the fact that General Jackson and Mr. Van Buren have had the moral courage to carry out the pernicious doctrines that Mr. Jcftjrson preached but was too great a coward to practice." There is one thing certain : between Mr. Houghton (whig) and General Taylor (whig) there is a remarkable incon sistency. In the fourth paragraph of this letter, will be found the most glaring inconsistency, not to say hypocri sy of all J and that too, in two short sentences which, to a casual reader, would seem the most un pretending. It is where he says, "I must say I have no wish for the presidency, and cannot consent to be exclusively the candidate for a party. And if I am one at all, or to be made so at the coming election, it must be borne in mind that I have been made or will be made w by others, without any agency of mine in the matter." Now what is the plain English of all this ! "I will Hot tnAke myself a party candidate ; but the whigs can, rf they wish. I cannot help what they do l" So much for Geo. Taylor's inconsistencies; now for the egotism and presumption of this letter, which, throughout, is one continual effort to make the people believe he is a very modest man; that he doubts his qualifications and abilities for the Presidency; that he does not desire the office ; that he would rather see Mr. Clay elected ; and yet he expects the people to vote for him, and elect him: for it can certainly be under no other feeling that he trembles at the thought of undertaking " to discharge the duties properly of an office which was filled and adorned by a Washing ton, a Jefferson, as well as several others of the purest, wisest, and most accomplished statesmen and patriots of this or any other age or country." If such are not his expectations, why tremble! He not only ex pects the people's votes, but he must have them with out any pledges on his part: as well might he say, in so many words, " whether I am, or am not, in favor of a United States Bank, a Protective Tariff, a Distribution of the proceeds of the Public Lands, an Assumption of the State Debts, the war with Mexico, or the Wilmot Proviso, ia none of your business: if I go into the White House I shall do, in relation to all these things and every thing else, just what I think right ; the only pledge 1 will make is, that I will, in accordance with my oath of office, support the consti tution and not even that according to my own views, but as it was construed bv the first Presidents!" Now, if you call this tnodestv pray, in heaven's name, what constitutes pretension! General Taylor alludes ia las letter to the debates in Congress upon the motion to add to the joint reso lution of thanks to biui and iiis officers and men, a promo that it should not be construed as an approval of his capitulation at Monterey. In this allusion he says his character was assailed, and if not entirely, at least somewhat, on party grounds ; and that he can hardly imagine how any one who was present and heard the speeches on that occasion, or .read them af ter they were published, could well mistake the com plexion of his politics. These are the most gratui tous and uncalled for assertions that I ever read in my life. Like the General, I was not present to hear the speeches, for I very seUum vitüt the capitol; but I was not as far off Lo was. I was in Washington during the whole period, and read those speeches the mornings after they were respectively delivered and published in the daily papers of the city. I read them carefully and attentively, and if an allusion was once made, on either side, to his politics, it was so far fetched and so ambiguous that no one, member or citizen, could recognize it. I ask the reader to go back to the files of the National Intelligencer and the Union, for the time and read those speeches from be-1 ginning to end. and if he can find an allusion to General Taylor's politics, either by those who favored the proviso or those who opposed it, such a reader can, to a certainty, squeeze blood from a turnip. I can inform the General, in all candor, sincerity and truth, that although his politics were at the time m I such great tie ma nil at Washington, that recourse was had to his brother, (a Colonel in the army,) his bro ther's father-in-law, (one of the Judges of the United Slates Supreme Court.) his son-in-law, (a Democratic Representative from Mississippi,) and his nephew, (a democratic Representative from Kentucky); yet about as much information upon the subject was obtained as the weary traveller gets when he sees an index board at the junction of two roads, rides or walks carefully round until he gets in front of it, lifts his inquisitive eyes and finds neither a figure nor a word. If iiis politics were known to any one here at that time, it was to a very select few ; and they, either to answer their own ends or his, kept it a very profound secret. In relation to what he sees fit to say was an attack upon his character, private or military, I do not remember of a solitary reflection being cast upon either, in the proviso itself or in the speech of any member who supported it. The only reason given by its mover and those who voted for it, in explanation of its necessity, was, that as many military men, of acknowledged ability, had denounced the capitulation at Monterey, they did not wish, as tlie representatives of the people, but yet civilians, to endorse that about which doctors differed. I heard many of the mem bers who favored the proviso, speak of it in private conversation again and again, and I never heard one assign any other reason for supporting it than the one I have here repeated. A few reflections and I am done. Reader, perhaps you are a whig; if so, you and I do not kneel at the same altar nor read the same psalter. We have tra veled the same road until we have come to where it forks ; you take the one and I the other ; your politi cal business is not mine : you can attend to yours in your own way, and I will attend To mine in my own way ; but before we part for good, if its all tie same to you, I would like to ask you a few brief, civil ques tions : Did you ever vote for Tyler, therefore. Without a why or wherefore ?" What did you gain by it! What did yeu sow in that votel What did you reap? But perhaps you are a democrat! If so, I will trouble you for a few minutes of private conversation. How often have we, at the shrine of democracy, re newed our covenant with each other and sworn, over and over, our eternal devotion to the cause of" equal laws and equal rights," " measures, not men," and "a strict construction of the constitution!" Let us do it again. When wolves in sheep's clothing, call ing themselves no-party men, or no-party whigs, be gin to make their appearance; when false friends, in whom we have confided, begin to show the cloven foot; wnen the storm begin to manifest itself; when that loon, called panic, begins to howl, such is the last moment we can, consistently with our professions, turn misanthrope, grow lukewarm or indifferent. On the other hand it is the very moment, of all others, when we are needed: the moment when fair-weather friends stay at home: let us embrace our principles closer and closer : let us grasp the cable of our fuith, give it.a few staunch surges and see if the anchor is both sure and steadfast ; if not, we will back it. Let us plant our battery upon the bulwarks of the consti tution and entrench ourselves behind its impregnable breastworks: let us fix our shield and helmet, burnish our armor, and then exclaim to federalism and her cohorts monopoly, legislative favoritism and vested rights come one, come all. This rock shall fly From its fiim base as soon as I !" Let the political weather-cock, the time-server and trimmer, the equivocal and undecided, do as they may ; the only safety for an honest democrat is to make democracy the test. A man may be a great General, and yet a federalist ; for Alexander Hamil ton was both. Of all the federalists in our country, none are so far from being worthy of political trust as he who refuses to tell what he is for and what he is against. I would rather, ten to one, see a man elected to the Presidency who proclaimed himself, openly and publicly, a federalist of the ultra cast, for we should then know what to expect and where to find him. G. W. K. Indianians, record the following in your scrap books : The truth is, this seizing of Santa Anna's coats, hats, canes, &c, is nothing less than stealing. Louisville Journal. This same Louisville Journal takes us to task for recording a similar notice a week or two ago, and indulges in its usual low and vulgar strain. We need not remind our readers that this tory-sheet has taken every opportunity to slander Indiana and her troops, from the very commencement of the war. Now because our boys, under the indomitable Gen. Jos. Lane, have nearly succeeded in capturing their whig friend, Santa Anna, and did pursue him so close that they seized his baggage, and caused him to apply for and obtain a pass from Gen. Scott to leave the country, they must be stigmatized as thieves! That the Journal and other whig papers, sympathise with the distresses of their Mexican friends, is quite natural ; and it follows that our own brave troops must be stigmatised as thieves and cut-throats by them. Few tories perform this more boldly than the Louisville Journal. Notice has been given in the cotton mills in this town, of a reduction of wages, to commence on the 2üth of March. The reduction averages 10 per cent, on the pay rolls, being about 2 per cent, per annum on the capitals of the companies. The directors of the cotton factories at Uxbridge meet this week to take measures to close their mills, they having a large accumulation of goods which will not sell except at a heavy loss. Xewburyport Her. Newburyport Nabobs have thus commenced early for electioneering effect. After making some 20 per cent, on their immense capital during the past year, they now cut down tlie wages of their poor operatives with a view of charging euch reduction to the demo cratic measures of the administration. This game will no doubt be played in every manufactory in the United States controlled by whigs. It is getting ra ther stale at this late day ; but notwithstanding this, there will go up from the whig press one general hotel over our " ruined country !" Signs in Onto The First Gün. At the charter election in Cleveland, Ohio, held on the 0th inst.,' the Democrats made almost a clear sweep. In that hith erto Mexican Whig city, the Democrats carried seven out of the nine members of the city Council, and elected their Mayor. This is a good beginning ; and if we don't much mistake the honest portion of the Ohio people, it will prove but "the beginning of the end." Interesting Incident. The Rev. J. Adams, of the New England Conference, a relative of the "old man eloquent," preached in one of the Methodist churches, in Washington on Sunday morning. He regarded his visit to Washington, at that time, as providential, as he learned from his cousin, J. Q. Ad ams, the genealogy of the family. He has no doubt that the journal of J. Q. A'lams, is the complete his tory of the country, from its birth to the present time. So much method did he use, he could write while at Washington to his secretary in Quincy, and tell in what box, in what pigeon hole, and at what page he could find a copy of a letter or conversation he wished forwarded to him. On the top of each page was a square place, in which is inserted the names cf persons who called that day. Rev. J. Adams was a delegate to the Evangelical alliance in London, in the summer of 1840. Newark Eagle. Advices from South America show the republics of Equadorind Bolivia to be in a very unsettled state, and evidently verging to an outbreak similar to that in Venezuela. It is a mattr of real regret to every friend if republican institutions, that our South American neighbors have thus far shown themselves so little fitted for self-governnient, or deserving of its ine blessings. Stnnzn: BT MM. S. T. SOLTOW. 0ft when the world is cold and ilaik, in seemicg, When fiieud, I loved tou well, have changed or flown, I waud.fr faraway in 4nt, drcamiac Of light and beauty in a world my own.' In that transcendent realm, my soul's elyiian, I hide me from misfortune's timoora-blaat. And icalize hope's fondest, faiiett vision. And live and move amidst the sbadjwy past. I fee again, in Ihove bewitching trances. The brighter, dearest scenes of other years, And revel, in wild d reams and glowing fancies. Till I forget life' rare, and toils and tear. There are tbe pictured forms of, loved ones tleepiogt There are the eyes that once spoke love to mine, And there is faithful memory, fondly keeping, Her vigil o'er the treasures in her shrine. Those treasure, what ate they ? a smile, a token. The pleaanl greeting of the household baod j A tender tone, a woid of love long spoken A sigh, a glance, the pressure of a hand. The song of birds, in dim old forest bowers ; Tbe murmur of the stream wbeie fiist I roved, Tbe music of the breeze, the breath of flowers. Memory hatb hoarded all that childhood loved. The latest ray of loveliness that lingers ArounJ my devious pathway may depart But oh, foibid, that Time's effacing fingers Should mar the sacred record on my heart. When sombre clouds along my life-sky datken ; Wheu, in the future, not a star appears. Still let me love the past, still let me heaiken To the sweet melodies of early yeais. Messrs. Chafmans &. Spann Please publish the following and obi ice a subscriber: As the time for holding the next National Convention is drawing near, the purpose of which is the selection of candidates for the office of President and Vice President of the United States, and I being a democrat, feeling a deep and abiding interest for the success of the party and Us principles, it will not be thought presumptuous in me to say a few words in reference to the subject. It is evident, that the next democratic President must come from the North; it is also evident, that he can not be elected without the. aid of New York. The question then arises, will the delegates to that Con vention, overlook the true interests of the party, by casting aside the claims New i. ork has upon the Con vention, for the candidate for President in 1S4S ? It is well known to the democratic party throughout the United States, that the candidate from that State for the office of President at the last National Convention was unfairly dealt with, to the dissatisfaction of large portion of the democratic party. After taking these things into consideration, it becomes the duty of the convention, to give New York the next candidate for President, and if thev do, victory once more wil perch upon the democratic banner, and the party 6tand as it did in 1844, a perfect unit. In making these re marks, I do not wish to cast any reflections on any one portion of tlie Union, for the benefit of another, I do it merely for the purpose of harmonizing the party and insuring its success. .A large majority of the people of New York are democratic, her sons are chivalrous and intelligent, and always ready to do battle in the cause of democracy, lurn, if you please, to the Senate of the United States and there cast your eyes over that intelligent body, and view the greatest talent in the Nation assembled. And who stands more conspicuous in your view, than Hox John A. Dix, the noble, high minded, and generous hearted Senator from that great and democratic State ! He is a man who has no superior in the Nation; whose course has ever been democratic; and who has steered aloof from all the party factions of the day ; whose speech delivered on the Mexican war is unan swered, and unanswerable. I hold it to be a princi ple in the democratic creed, that no State has any claims upon the party for a candidate for any office. But if claims of States are to be taken into considera ntion by the Convention for the nomination of a can didate for President of the United States, I, as a de mocrat, and a Hoosier at that, present the claims of New York. What did the democracy of that State do towards electing our present chief magistrate ! Ever true to the principles of the party, sacrificing every thing for principle, they took from the Senate of the United States the Cato of America, (Silas Weight) and run him as their candidate for Govern or of the State, in order to defeat the whig candidate for President, and to insure the success of the party ; which course alone, taken by the democrats of that State, made the party victorious in the election of 1344. In conclusion permit me to say one word to the delegates to the Baltimore Convention. Gentle men, you will be beset on all sides by the various poli ticians, who go barking about, for nothing under hea ven, but the plunder they expect to obtain, should their candidate for President be nominated and elect ed ; therefore pay no attention to them. But go to Bal timore with this motto inscribed upon your banner, Principles not Men, and all will turn out right. HOOSIER. Stocking a. Plantation. A Washington correspondent of the Statesman, un der date of the 23d ultimo, has the following para graph : One item more for the benefit of the abolition por tion par excellence of the whig party! It is well known that General Taylor has recently purchased a large plantation in the fertile cotton and sugar grow ing regions on the Rio Grande. Major Bliss the well known Aid-de-Camp, and Secretary cf Gen. Taylor, arrived in Washington, to attend to the political, of ficial and pecuniary interests of his Chief, on the 19th of January. The next morning the Washington pa pern contained the following advertisement, inserted in conspicuous places. This will show what Mr. Aid-de-Camp Bliss is after. 1 f AAA TO $15.000 FOR INVESTMENT IN $ llyUUU SLAVES. Boys and girls would be pre ferred ; but, to avoid separation, families will be taken. Proposals aie invited by letter, addressed to A. B., Wash ington city, postage paid, at any time between this and tbe 1st of July. TEN to FIFTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS; just the amount of the salary of a Major General du ring tbe Mexican war. The particular attention of the anti-war, anti-6lavery whigs of Ohio is called to the above documents, since in a few months they will be called upon to cast their votes for the above candi date for the Presidency. "Lo the poor Indian !" Lo the poor Mexican ! Lo the poor slave ! Lo the poor abolitionists! Low poor whiggery ! Land Slide. A great quantity of land gave way during the past few days, on the south side nf Mount Adams, between the Reservoir and Parson's street, known as the "Widow's Orchard." The avalanche is about 200 feet in width, and 500 feet in length This immense body of earth, commenced sliding on Thurdav last, and has continued to descend gradual Iv ever since. The unavoidable result will cause the destruction of four dwellings owned by the following persons : One by Wm. Trobridge, valtipd at $1,000. One by Buckner J. Smith, valued at $800. One by Wm. Morton, valued at $000. This loss will prove heavy to these gentlemen, they being mechanics, and their little all is invested in the purchase of them which they are thus suddenly and unexpectedly de prived of. It is supposed this calamity was caused by a large amount of earth having been removed from the stone quarry above. A Legislator Sent to Jail. We mentioned a few days since that a row had taken place in the Louisiana House of Representatives between two of its members, which we learn from the Bulletin Jias been settled as follows : "The House took up a report of the committee in relation to a breach of privilege committed by Mr. Ferriere, in striking Mr. Brewer, a member of tbe House, at the door with his glove. Under all the circumstances of the case, the committee recommend that Louis Lallande Ferriere be imprisoned in the parish prison for the space of twelve hours, and that the Speaker of the House of Representatives issue a warrant of imprisonment. This resolution was adopted." fJT" While the corpse of the venerable John Q. Adams was lying in the capitol of Washington, and whilst the whole public business of the couatry was suspended, to do honor to his memory, Mr. Clay was entering the city of Philadelphia with all the pomp and parade which his idolizing followers could devise attending wedding parties, and addressing crowds in the street with a bouquet ot nowers in ins nana. Yet we are told that when the hand of Death fell up on the departed statesman, Mr. Clay came to his bed side and shed a torrent of tears ! Neio Albany Dem. (r-0.E i!t Nine. It is stated from official docu tr.efts that there are but Sl.OOUf slave-holders in Ken tucky, in a population of whites over 21 years of age. n J 'J( k Teto or the New Albany nntl Salem lluilrond Hill. To the Senate : Gentlemen: I herewith return bill No. 27, which originated in your body, entitled "An act (or the benefit of the New Albany Railroad Company," with the objections which have prevented me from giving it my official approval. The construction tf railroads, with the proper re strictions and guards, so as to protect the rights of the great mass of the community, is not only of gene ral advantage, but it makes an era in the affairs of the country. The inducements are too great, for any doubt but that they will be constructed as soon, in reference to general interests, as may be necessary. I have already given my reasons, to some extent. why the construction of such works should be left exclusively to individual enterprise. I will now merely say, that our only security to avoid another stupend ous State debt, winch, from the absence ot any further means to arrange or satisfy it, must crush us, is to resolutely abstain from engaging the means of the Stale, presently or remotely, directly or indirectly, to assist any private company or any one worK whatso ever. Whenever one instance or mat aina takes place, it lays the foundation for a like claim in behalf of other companies. Combinations of different sec tions of the State, or of different companies, would inevitably take place, until, as the final result, the already overburdened State would be hopelessly in volved. It was from a similar beginning that the ill starred mammoth system of 1335-G took its rise, and it behooves us to learn wisdom from experience. The first section of tbe present bill releases to the New Albany Railroad Company all right of redemp tion of the road on the part of the State. .That right was secured to the State at the time she passed over her public works to private companies, by the act of January 23, 1S42. Bv tlie 64th section of that act it is provided that the State, through her Legislature, may redeem any work after twenty years, by refund ing to the company completing it, the full amount by them expended upon it, with interest thereon at the rate of six pe'r cent. per annum, first deducting from such interest tlie nett amount of revenue received by the company. No one could pretend, at the time, that such provision was not sufficiently liberal. The State had expended upon the original work above $370,000, of which the far greater part I have not the moans at hand of knowing how much, but it is supposed at least 300,000 was expended upon that part of it occupied by the present company's charier. And the only thing left to the State for all this expen diture, was the privilege of redemption at the end of twenty years ; and even this is now sought to be taken from her for the benefit of the company. I am aware it is said that it will not be redeemed, that the State gives away but little by this provision. But if tho Stale gives away but little, the company receives but little, and would not be prevented from investing their capital without it. Other charters have been eagerly sought after and granted, for such works, at the pre sent session, where the State has expended no money. The present company will be benefitted by the State's expenditure upon this work ; ought they to receive a benefit not accorded to other companies, for nothing! If it should be considered bad policy for the State to redeem the work hereafter, she should at least have it in her power to sell the right of redemption to the stockholders. By this means something may be got by which to help pay off cur State debt, of which this same $300,000 is a part. The people ere now taxed to pay that very debt, and they are now asked to surren der this last vestige of the expenditure to a company, and for nothing. But above all, the objection consists in the principle involved, of granting any thing of labor or of money, or of the fruits of it, to aid any company in any work like the present, without reference to the value of the grant. The same objection was made by me to the bill of this session for the relief of the White Wa ter Valley Canal Company, and I can make no distinc tion between different parts of the same State in refer ence to such favors. The principle is pregnant with danger and peril to the best interests of Indiana, and as such I feel bound within my limited sphere to re sist it. The bill is returned at the earliest practicable mo ment allowed by the pressing duties of the close of session, in order that the General Assembly may have time to act in the premises according to their sense of duty. JAMES WHITCOMB. February 11, 1S4S. 07The veto was overruled, and the bill passed by i. e t Uli WttUfcV. Lit sits Aalurac. One of the most singular freaks of nature we ever witnessed, was exhibited to us a few days since, by an eminent physician of this city, who still has this remarkable object in his possession. It is' a sort of monstrous abortion the issue of a married woman in one of the lower wards and hav ing, with the exception of a fair skin, many of the pe culiar features of the mimia tribe, only it is more de formed ! The head has all the characterises of the ape in its formation, with the exception of one ear, which is imperfect, there being no aperture visible external ly, and it is otherwise mis-shapen. The body has a full chest, diminishing gradually down the vertebral columns, showing no hips at all ! iti fact, it has no legs whatever, but the feet of an ourang outang are placed, like turtles' flippers, immediately open upon each side of the pubis, the arch of which must be ex ceedingly narrow and contracted. The arm consists of a single bone, from the shoul der to the wrist there being no fore arm and the hands are placed at right angles, inclining inwards. The hands have the shape of those of a monkey, only that each is furnished with but three fingers .' and th thumb is nearly as long as either of the fingers. The specimen of the mal-formation of which we are speaking, is a female, and was still-born. It is indeed, one of the rnoet curious instances of a mix ture of several distinct classes of living forms, ever reported the human form being strangely blended with the ourang outang, or ape, with a seeming cross of the turtle ! This statement may be relied upon as a fact ; and those who doubt it can be easily conviuced of its truth. We clip the above from the Pittsburgh Post. Wa expect it is the effusion of some wag, it being a per fect description ofthe whig party ! From the N. O. Delta. 24th ull. 07- From El Xoliciosa de Tampico, Feb. 19, we translate the following extract from El Monitor. Messss. Clay, Calhoun, Botts, Webster, Gallatin, Van Dick, (7) $-c. These illustrious defenders of the cause of Mexico have justly acquired for themselves the gratitude of good Mexicans. At a general meet ing of the Philonthropic Society of Mexico, held on the 26th ulu, it was resolved to send them a commu nication manifesting the gratitude of the meeting, and naming them honorary members of the Society, what ever may bu the political circumstances in which the United States and Mexico may find themselves. For ourselves we render the homage of thankfulness to these magnanimous and generous men who speak in behalf of our country in the very land where troops are collected to make war upon it. Eternal praise to the defenders of the cause of justice and civilization. Territory acquired by the Treatt. According to tlie Philadelphia Bulletin, Upper California con tains an area of 420,000 square miles, and New Mexice 95,700 square miles. Assuming the cost of the war and the purchase money to be, in round num bers, $100,000,000, the acquired territory would cost less than thirty cents an acre. The population of the former is about 30,000, and of the latter 60.000. Upper California includes the magnificent bay of San Francisco, a bay not merely large eaougb to contain tlie shipping in dur future commerce between China and the East Indies, and our western possessions, but large enough to accommodate He united natus of the world. Another Advocate. The Charleston Southern Patriot, of the 22d inst., hoisted tbe flag of Gen. Tay lor for the Presidency. The editor is full of hope in the wise administration of the laws under Taylor's ad ministration. He says : Remote from the political theatre which ha been agitated with the tttstarbing questions of Bank, Tar iff! Internal Improvement, anal Abolitionism ; with no Other books but his Bible, the Constitotion, and that volume of instructive wisdom, .hsopi täUtt, he will enter on tho aUisuaistraiioi or oar aaairs, as fur and as free from hidden infiuencts, as dii the Patnots wko first framed', and first acted under mat corwtiu tion, the just observance nf t lie pro vitioas of which, aloue can perpetuate this Uuioiw"