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3nMatiq fftntc Sentinel,
ITCBÜAL TIC1LAHCC I THE rilCC OF LIBEBTT.
INDIANAPOLIS, HIAKC1I IG. 1848.
The following will hereafter be the permanent terms
of the Weekly Indiana SlUe Sentinel:
07" Payments to be made always in advance.
One copy, one year, "2.00
Three copies, one year, 5.Ü0
i'ive copies, one year, 8.00
Ton copies, one year, 15.00
Twenty copies, one year, 20.00
Published three times a week during the session.)
Oie copy, $1.00 I Three copies, $10.00
One copy during the session, 1.00
iROBKRT DALE OWEN, t Poey County.
'EI1CNEZER M. CHAMBERLAIN, of Elkhart county.
1. NATHANIEL ALBERrO.V, of Harrison county.
2. CYRUS 1. DUNHAM, of Washington county.
8. WILLIAM M. McCARTY, of Fiaoklin county.
4. CHARLES H. TEST, of Wayne county.
5. JAMES RITCHEY, of Johno county.
6. GEORGE W. CARR, of Lawience cuoty.
7. HENRY SECRES T, of Putnam county.
8. DANIEL MACE, of Tippecanoe county.
S. GRAHAM N. FITCH, of C..a county.
10. ANDREW J. HARLAN, of Grant cvuoty.
fj-See first page Semi-Weekly.
Democratic State Central Committee.
LIVINGSTON DUN LAP, DAVID REYNOLDS,
JAMES P. DRAKE, GEO. A. CHAPMAN,
E. N. SHIM ER, WM. SULLIVAN,
Democratic County Committee.
Centre J. P. CHAPMAN, S. W. NORRIS, POWELL
Dttatur D. L. McFARLAND.
Franklin JACOB SPRINGER.
Lawrence J. PERRY, Sa.
Perry H. P. TODD.
Pik ADAM WRIGHT.
Warren Vi. N. SHIM ER.
Washington ELIJAH JAMES.
'.Wayne JAM ES JOHNSON.
J O., (Owen county, we believe.) Your communication, or
, petition, was lately left here for publication. The Legislature
havii g adjourned, we fan see no good to arise from iti publica
tion till the meeting of that body again. UesiJps, it woul 1 be well
to re-write it, so as to make all the namet intelligible. It awaits
Ward No. 7, Wide Awake !
".The voters of Ward No. 7, are requested to meet
mi the Indianapolis Brewery, west of the Canal, on
-SATURDAY the 13th inst. at 1 o'clock P. M.. on
business of importance connected with the Ward.
Let all come !
"JThe Democratic State Convention, held at Indian
apolis on the 8th of January, 134S, and the democratic
members of the late Legislature, n?ar the close of the
session, adopted resolutions in favor of an immediate
organization of the democratic party, throughout the
'State. The latter adopted a resolution, instructing
the State Central Committee to issue a circular, pro
i Tiding that the democrats of each and every township
in the State J? requested to meet on the first Monday
in April next, th day of the spring elections, at or
near the place of holding the township elections, and
organize the said several totrnships, and that a Mass
Mteting be held at the county seat of every county, on
the Saturday next succeeding the said first Monday
The State Central Committee, we understand, will
issue said circular, and will recommend an organiza
tion something like the following : The democrats of
the several townships will be requested to hold meet
ings, in their respective townships, on the firt Mon
day of April, and proceed to organize said townships.
It is particularly recommended, that the democratic
voters, at the township meetings, held on the first
Monday in April, pledge themselves to use every ef
fort tu procure a large attendance at the County Mass
Meetings, on the Saturday next succeeding 6aid first
Monday in April, and it is alio recommended to the
different county committees, to procure democratic
speakers, to address the people at said meetings, on
the policy and principles of the democratic party. It
will also be recommended, by the State Central Com
mittee, as we understand, that where county commit
tees have not already been appointed, that they be
appointed at the Mass Meetings. This is very im
portant, and we hope this matter will not, in any in
stance, be lost sight of.
The State Central Committee have directed a plain,
practical method of State organization, and we trust
every democratic editor in the State will keep this plan
of organization, sanctioned as it is by the State Coven
tion, the democratic members of the Legislature, and
the Democratic State Central Committee, prominently
before the people until the first Monday in April.
We trust that every democrat, into whose hands
the circular may fall, will at once prepare for the
work and urge on all the necessity of attending the
Democratic editors, throughout the State, should
keep up a standing and conspicuous notice of the
township meetings in every number of their papers,
until the first Monday ia April.
We are directed by the Democratic State Central
Committee to state, that there will be a meeting of
the Democrats of each and every township in the
Slate, at the places of holding township elections, on
the first Monday in April next, at which meetings it
is most earnestly requested that each and every demo
crat in the State should attend, as matters of great
importance to the Democratic party will be transact
ed, and an organization of the State commenced pre
paratory to the Presidential campaign.
On the Saturday succeeding said first Monday in
April, County Mass Meetings will be held in each
and every county, at the respective county seats,
where county organizations will be completed, and
speeches delivered on the policy and principles of the
07-Democratic Editors, throughout the State, are
requested to give this notice a conspicuous place in
their papers until the first Monday in April; and
should this notice not reach all the counties in time,
uch meetings will be held as soon thereafter as prac
ticable. (JvWe publish to-day the Governor's veto of the
.New Albany and Salem Railroad bill of last session.
We invite the perusal of it before laying down the
.paper. We hope it may be republished by every pa
per in the State, as it involves no question of national
politics, and yet the subject is one of imminent conse
quence .to the State, in her d omestic relations. It was
yiderrtry -briefly ami hastily written, as the immense
.number of kills passed left very little time to bestow
.upon a matter of this kind; but enough is given to
,ptjt every oae desiring the welfare of the State, upon
Awsexatkx. The N. Y. Evening Mirror states
that Lieutenant Mayne Heid, whose death was re
ported some time since, is about to be married to
Signorina Gaudaloup Eozas, beautiful lady, a
daughter of Senator Rozas, and said o be the wealth-
iest'heiress in the valley of Mexico. That's the talk I
'Gexeäal F LoBf.- Thii Spanish officer, whose
name became o uotcrioud from the contemplated ex-
pfditioa to tbe Equador, has arrived in London from
Irlrs. Totnklm nnd tbe Presidency.
Mrs. Tomkins just getting up in the morning.
Tomkins, I don't believe I'm able to git breakfast.
I've got the headache and a pain in the back, and
I feel trembly all over. You wonder what's the mut
ter with me: Why, last night I fell asleep, and
dreamed that I was nn.Injin. At first, I didn't ex
actly know where I "was ; but after a while, I thought
I was in them terrible Florida swamps, where they
6ay the Injins ued tc hide ; I know'd Taylor was af
ter me, and while 1 was thinking where on arth I
could go to keep him from rinding rne, I thought I
hcarn something like the barking of dogs. I looked
about, and sure enough there come them tarnal blood
hounds full tilt on my trail. I know'd they'd tare my
heart out the moment they got to me, and what on
arth to do I didn't know. At last I thought I'd climb
a tree, and up I scrambled gist in time to git out of
thetr reach. There I sot, trembling and shivering,
and my teeth a chattering like I had an ague shake,
and there sot the dogs bow-wow-wow, the whole
night long ; for you know time seems mighty long in
Just as I seed day a peeping, I beam a gun go off".
Bow-wow-wow went the dogs. I looked round, and
there came Taylor and his men as fast as their feet
could carry 'em. They seed me in the tree, and all
at once they stopped and levelled their guns at me.
'Fire !" says Taylor. Bang went the rifles. I
screamed and waked up. There I lay in bed, all in a
tremble, with the sweat gist a pouring off me like
water, and my head aching like it would bust, and
sich a pain in my side, I coulJn't turn over till broad
day-light. Now, Tomkins, you know I always did
believe in dreams; and I know that dream wasn't
sent for nothing. You'd like to know what it teas seni
for 1 Why, gist to keep you from voting for Tay
lor, the old gip. Oh dear! I never know'd what
tliern poor Injins suffered till last night ; and, I tell
you now, I'd rather vote for a loky, bad as I dispise
'em, than for sich a man as Taylor, that I would.
They didn't set the Hood-hounds on the Injins, after
all. Well, what if they didn't. I'm sure Taylor
try'd to git 'em to do it; and parson Smith says, the
desire to do a wicked thing is as bad as doing it, if
we Lok at it right. Little did I think, when the
whigs made sich a fu-s about the blood-hounds in for
ty, and laid the whole blame on Van Buren, and
called him every wicked name they could think of,
that they would one day eat their own words, and put
lip Taylor, the very man that recommended 'era, for
President. Dear me, it does seem like a body can't
believe what they see, with their own eyes, after this.
1 'an Buren wasn't loo good to do it ! Well, I know
he's an abominable critter. They do say he has do
ings with the evil one, himself ; but, if he has, it
isn't right to lay Taylor's sins at his door; you know
it isn't. Taylor said he didn't want to worry the In
jins ! Yes, I know he said he only wanted to ascer
tain where the Injins might be found : but, my good
ness", did he expect to catch old birds with sich chaff
as this ; no, he know'd the natur of blood-hounds
well enough to know, that if they was once sot on,
they'd tare the Injins limbless, afore he could get to
'em; but la! he didn't care who kill'd the Injins, so
he got the glory of bringing the war to a close. It's
fight o'clock And there's no breakfast on. Well, didn't
I tell you I wasa't able to git breakfast Do you
want me to get out of my sick bed and goto cooking;
but it's gist of a piece with all your treatment, ever
since you've thought of Taylor for President. Susy
Caroline, bring me the camphire, honey, for I do be
lieve your daddy's crazy.
Tlie Iast Session.
Just think ! More than six hundred laws were
passed at the last session of our Legislature ! About
that number were approved, and will make a comfort
able sized book when printed, we should guess ! Six
hundred laws ! That is four for each mea-.ber, in
both Senate and House! In all this mass of trash,
there were probably not a dozen of a character to in
terest tlie whole people as a S ate. Session before
the last was admitted on all hands to have been more
conspicuous for horry and heedlessness, and local and
private legislation, than any which had preceded it.
Talk with members about the evil of so many private
nets and local laws, and of the propriety and necessi
ty of providing by a few good and well grounded gen
eral laws, for the transaction of all such business at
home in the diferent counties, that it would be bet
ter for the individuals themselves, as in that case
they wou!d not have to wait perhaps a year for the
meeting of the Legislature. Tell them all of this
they would admit its truth. But instead of anything
being done in time to remove the difficulty, behold,
the last session is admitted by common consent, to
have been, in all these respects, still worse I
Some perhaps have thought that after a tchße the
mill-dam wouid run out and that this private busi
ness woukl be finished and ended ! A gross mistake!
Unless some decisive measures are adopted, it will in
crease ! They are just turning the channel of all
kinds cf business in that direction. The State House
was once the place for making laws. But it has
"come down a peg." It is now a place for doing
County Commissioners business, Circuit Court busi
ness, Probate Court business, Constable's business,
and in fact, it lias a finger in almost all kinds of busi
ness. For instance: Does an old lady in some dog
fennel town want room for another onion bed, by hav
ing an alley adjoining her garden vacated, it is a
matter of so much magnitude, that the wisdom of the
Legislature must be invoked, and the Legislative can
non must be loaded to batter down the obstacle !
What a theme is there, my countrymen, fjr grey
bearded wisdom and rampant eloquence. Reader,
perhaps you think we are joking ! Ah! How much
you are deceived ! Would you believe it ! There is,
and since 1843 there has been, a general laic allow
ing the town corporations or the county commission
ers, to vacate any streets, alleys, lots and squares
whatever ! But that is a matter of too much import
ance for any thing short of legislative wisdom, and
therefore the people mußt be taxed with an expense
of five hundred dollars a day for legislating upon it!
Town Swallowed by an Earthquake. Malta.
The Neapolitan steamer Capri hu- brought intelli
gence from Syracuse, that the earthquake which was
felt here on the 11th, had laid the city of Augusta in
ruins. The first shock was felt at 1 P. M., and was
so violent that all the people fled from their houses.
The following one, a few minutes afterwards, des
troyed the whole place except twenty seven house;
the mole sank, and where it formerly stood, there was
no bottom at fifty fathoms. The last accounts re
ceived at Syracuse, state that thirty-five dead bodies
had been fonud, and fifty-nine wounded, recovered
from the ruins. The earthquake was also felt at
Notct, Syracuse, and Catania, with partial damage,
and at Mesina, without damage.
The late expedition of Gen. Lane, with 350 dra
goons and Texan rangers, although it failed of its
main object, the capture of Santa Anna, who fled
from Tehuacan two hours before the strangers' arri
val, was after all a most brilliant affair. It was
boldly conceived, and boldly executed. Tehuacan is
some 80 miles South of the main rosd from Vera
Cruz to tlia capital. These 350 horsemen knew not
what forces tbejr might encounter, but relying on
their trusty weapons and the ski'l of their gallant
leader, they went ahead at the rate of 40 miles a
day, till tb-y reached ti-eir place of destination, but
were so unfortunate as to find the bird flown, two
hours before their arrival.
Corrrtpondenct of the Indiana State Sentinel.
Washington, March ö, T. M.
When I was a school boy in Indiana, I well re
member that among those who constituted the classes
in arithmetic and mathematics, no remark, when the I
whole class would be puzzled wiili tbe solution of some j
uut b sum i prouieui, was nunc uuimiiuii man WIM
it would take a Vhilailphia tatcytr to explain it;
and, as this Major General Zachary Taylor, of the
regular army, was reared and educated in tlie west
also, 1 have no doubt he has, many-a-time, heard the
same expression : and, like me, taken up an idea that
Philadelphia lawyers mut be a whortleberry above
common people's persimmon S4 -and the remembrance
of this old saw, must have been his inducement for
addressing a letter at 'he time,datcd, with great pro
fessional accuracy, "Head Quarters, Army of Occu
pation, Camp near Monterey (Mexico) .August 3,
1847," the whole burden of which is tlie next canvass
for the Presidency of the United States, and especial
ly so fur as the author is connected therewith : it is
addressed with equal form and etiquette, to Hon. '
Joseph R. Ingersoll, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and
was very ostentatiously paraded by the Hon. Wash
ington Barrow, a whig member of Congress from
Tennessee, in a speech made by that politician at a
Taylor meeting, on the 22 lt., in Philadelphia. My
present olject is to make a few plain common-sense
remarks upon this letter; and therefore I will not oc
cupy your time with a synopsis of it; but, as I wish
your readers to see and read it for themselves, so
that, if I say anything about 'it that is unfounded, un
fair, far-fetched, or illiberal, they may detect me in
it. I clip it from the National Intelligencer (whig)
of this city, enclose it herewith, and ask of you a si
multaneous insertion of it in your columns; i. e. if
you have not already done so. We published it in
our papers of March 6th undi'th. Eds.
As I make no pretensions to scholarship myself,
and as I have always subscribed, and still do, to the
time-honored adage that he who lives in glass houses
should never throw stones, I pass over the grammar
and the diction of this letter with but two remarks:
1. If General Taylor should be the whig candidate
for the presidency, what a 'reflection will he be of
those who claim for that party all the learning and all
the decency. 2. How unfortunate for his literary
fame was it, that Major "iV. W. S. Bliss, Assistant
Adjutant General of the Urrfty, belonging at the time,
and perhaps still, to the General's staff, who had,
both previously and subsequently, written all of his
letters, military and political, which had been pointed
to as the unmistakable evidences of General T's rich
scientific education, and classical turn of mind,
happened to be absent from camp at the time it was
written, on leave of absence, on professional 3uty, or i
on the sick list ; for it has proved, beyond a doubt, j
that General Taylor was, in those despatches and let
ters, for which he received such distinguished ex
pressions of admiration, trading on borrowed capital.
In this, however, as lie now says he is a whig, we
should not be so much astonished: it is the strongest
proof of his politics that he furnishes. I shall pass
over, I repeat, all this, and proceed to the considera
tion of such expressions in the letter as the writer evi
dently intends to make, and which his correspondent
nor the public can misunderstand. I shall con tine
myself mostly tu his gross inconsistencies, with a
gentle touch at his egotism and presumptien, quali
ties which he tries hardly to conceal, by his wonder
ful expressions of humility and low estimate of
In the first parapragh, the General says he is a
whig; and in the third one he says he is no politi
cian. The sciences teach that oil and water cannot
mix : the scriptures teach that no man can serve two
masters ; but if you will show me a no-politician-icliig,
or a whig-democrat, I will show you that the
teachings of the chemist and the divine are both fal
lacious ; and I will also show you an infidel-christian,
the avowal of Omniscience that 4,he who is not for
me is against rue" to the contrary notwithstanding.
No politician and a whig are as inconsistent positions
as any man can take: if they can be consistent, there
must be, as John Randolph used to say, something
false in the philosophy of the books.
In the second paragraph, he says that he considers
the views of Mr. Clay and the whigs, for the most
part, more nearly assimilated as -regards political
matter?, to those of Mr. Jefferson than their oppo
nents; he is not quite certain, mark ye, on this point:
it is well he is not, for I will repeat for him the posi
tive assertion of one who was a politician, in every
sense of the word, and who devoted to nothing else
the same forty years of his life that General Taylor
confesses found him so entirely removed from the
sphere of political matters, that he had but little time
to devote to the consideration or investigation of great
political questions : my witness is not a democrat,
but a whig. In the spring of 1841, in the month of
March, Mr. Houghton, the editor of a whig journal
in Boston; a man who has been a leading politician
for forty years and more ; a ripe scholar, a deep
thinker, and an energetic writer ; in speaking very
commendably of General Harrison's inaugural ad
dress, said "if President Harrison will take our
advice (for we too have a right to advise him)
the less he thinks, and the less he talks about Mr.
Jefferson the better ; fi r all the evils that have befal
len our country, for the last tweive years, have been
caused by the fact that General Jackson and Mr. Van
Buren have had the moral courage to carry out the
pernicious doctrines that Mr. Jcftjrson preached but
was too great a coward to practice." There is one
thing certain : between Mr. Houghton (whig) and
General Taylor (whig) there is a remarkable incon
sistency. In the fourth paragraph of this letter, will be found
the most glaring inconsistency, not to say hypocri
sy of all J and that too, in two short sentences
which, to a casual reader, would seem the most un
pretending. It is where he says, "I must say I have
no wish for the presidency, and cannot consent to be
exclusively the candidate for a party. And if I am
one at all, or to be made so at the coming election, it
must be borne in mind that I have been made or will
be made w by others, without any agency of mine in
the matter." Now what is the plain English of all
this ! "I will Hot tnAke myself a party candidate ;
but the whigs can, rf they wish. I cannot help what
they do l"
So much for Geo. Taylor's inconsistencies; now
for the egotism and presumption of this letter, which,
throughout, is one continual effort to make the people
believe he is a very modest man; that he doubts his
qualifications and abilities for the Presidency; that
he does not desire the office ; that he would rather see
Mr. Clay elected ; and yet he expects the people to
vote for him, and elect him: for it can certainly be
under no other feeling that he trembles at the thought
of undertaking " to discharge the duties properly of
an office which was filled and adorned by a Washing
ton, a Jefferson, as well as several others of the purest,
wisest, and most accomplished statesmen and patriots
of this or any other age or country." If such are
not his expectations, why tremble! He not only ex
pects the people's votes, but he must have them with
out any pledges on his part: as well might he say,
in so many words, " whether I am, or am not, in
favor of a United States Bank, a Protective Tariff, a
Distribution of the proceeds of the Public Lands, an
Assumption of the State Debts, the war with Mexico,
or the Wilmot Proviso, ia none of your business: if I
go into the White House I shall do, in relation to
all these things and every thing else, just what I think
right ; the only pledge 1 will make is, that I will, in
accordance with my oath of office, support the consti
tution and not even that according to my own views,
but as it was construed bv the first Presidents!"
Now, if you call this tnodestv pray, in heaven's
name, what constitutes pretension!
General Taylor alludes ia las letter to the debates
in Congress upon the motion to add to the joint reso
lution of thanks to biui and iiis officers and men, a
promo that it should not be construed as an approval
of his capitulation at Monterey. In this allusion he
says his character was assailed, and if not entirely,
at least somewhat, on party grounds ; and that he can
hardly imagine how any one who was present and
heard the speeches on that occasion, or .read them af
ter they were published, could well mistake the com
plexion of his politics. These are the most gratui
tous and uncalled for assertions that I ever read in my
life. Like the General, I was not present to hear the
speeches, for I very seUum vitüt the capitol; but I
was not as far off Lo was. I was in Washington
during the whole period, and read those speeches the
mornings after they were respectively delivered and
published in the daily papers of the city. I read them
carefully and attentively, and if an allusion was once
made, on either side, to his politics, it was so far
fetched and so ambiguous that no one, member or
citizen, could recognize it. I ask the reader to go
back to the files of the National Intelligencer and the
Union, for the time and read those speeches from be-1
ginning to end. and if he can find an allusion to
General Taylor's politics, either by those who favored
the proviso or those who opposed it, such a reader
can, to a certainty, squeeze blood from a turnip. I
can inform the General, in all candor, sincerity and
truth, that although his politics were at the time m I
such great tie ma nil at Washington, that recourse was
had to his brother, (a Colonel in the army,) his bro
ther's father-in-law, (one of the Judges of the United
Slates Supreme Court.) his son-in-law, (a Democratic
Representative from Mississippi,) and his nephew, (a
democratic Representative from Kentucky); yet about
as much information upon the subject was obtained
as the weary traveller gets when he sees an index
board at the junction of two roads, rides or walks
carefully round until he gets in front of it, lifts his
inquisitive eyes and finds neither a figure nor a word.
If iiis politics were known to any one here at that
time, it was to a very select few ; and they, either to
answer their own ends or his, kept it a very profound
secret. In relation to what he sees fit to say was an
attack upon his character, private or military, I do
not remember of a solitary reflection being cast upon
either, in the proviso itself or in the speech of any
member who supported it. The only reason given by
its mover and those who voted for it, in explanation
of its necessity, was, that as many military men, of
acknowledged ability, had denounced the capitulation
at Monterey, they did not wish, as tlie representatives
of the people, but yet civilians, to endorse that about
which doctors differed. I heard many of the mem
bers who favored the proviso, speak of it in private
conversation again and again, and I never heard one
assign any other reason for supporting it than the
one I have here repeated.
A few reflections and I am done. Reader, perhaps
you are a whig; if so, you and I do not kneel at the
same altar nor read the same psalter. We have tra
veled the same road until we have come to where it
forks ; you take the one and I the other ; your politi
cal business is not mine : you can attend to yours in
your own way, and I will attend To mine in my own
way ; but before we part for good, if its all tie same
to you, I would like to ask you a few brief, civil ques
Did you ever vote for
Without a why or wherefore ?"
What did you gain by it!
What did yeu sow in that votel
What did you reap?
But perhaps you are a democrat! If so, I will
trouble you for a few minutes of private conversation.
How often have we, at the shrine of democracy, re
newed our covenant with each other and sworn, over
and over, our eternal devotion to the cause of" equal
laws and equal rights," " measures, not men," and
"a strict construction of the constitution!" Let us
do it again. When wolves in sheep's clothing, call
ing themselves no-party men, or no-party whigs, be
gin to make their appearance; when false friends, in
whom we have confided, begin to show the cloven
foot; wnen the storm begin to manifest itself; when
that loon, called panic, begins to howl, such is the
last moment we can, consistently with our professions,
turn misanthrope, grow lukewarm or indifferent. On
the other hand it is the very moment, of all others,
when we are needed: the moment when fair-weather
friends stay at home: let us embrace our principles
closer and closer : let us grasp the cable of our fuith,
give it.a few staunch surges and see if the anchor is
both sure and steadfast ; if not, we will back it. Let
us plant our battery upon the bulwarks of the consti
tution and entrench ourselves behind its impregnable
breastworks: let us fix our shield and helmet, burnish
our armor, and then exclaim to federalism and her
cohorts monopoly, legislative favoritism and vested
come one, come all.
This rock shall fly
From its fiim base as soon as I !"
Let the political weather-cock, the time-server and
trimmer, the equivocal and undecided, do as they
may ; the only safety for an honest democrat is to
make democracy the test. A man may be a great
General, and yet a federalist ; for Alexander Hamil
ton was both. Of all the federalists in our country,
none are so far from being worthy of political trust
as he who refuses to tell what he is for and what he
is against. I would rather, ten to one, see a man
elected to the Presidency who proclaimed himself,
openly and publicly, a federalist of the ultra cast, for
we should then know what to expect and where to find
him. G. W. K.
Indianians, record the following in your scrap
The truth is, this seizing of Santa Anna's
coats, hats, canes, &c, is nothing less than stealing.
This same Louisville Journal takes us to task for
recording a similar notice a week or two ago, and
indulges in its usual low and vulgar strain. We
need not remind our readers that this tory-sheet has
taken every opportunity to slander Indiana and her
troops, from the very commencement of the war.
Now because our boys, under the indomitable Gen.
Jos. Lane, have nearly succeeded in capturing their
whig friend, Santa Anna, and did pursue him so
close that they seized his baggage, and caused him to
apply for and obtain a pass from Gen. Scott to leave
the country, they must be stigmatized as thieves!
That the Journal and other whig papers, sympathise
with the distresses of their Mexican friends, is quite
natural ; and it follows that our own brave troops
must be stigmatised as thieves and cut-throats by
them. Few tories perform this more boldly than the
Notice has been given in the cotton mills in this
town, of a reduction of wages, to commence on the
2üth of March. The reduction averages 10 per cent,
on the pay rolls, being about 2 per cent, per annum
on the capitals of the companies.
The directors of the cotton factories at Uxbridge
meet this week to take measures to close their mills,
they having a large accumulation of goods which will
not sell except at a heavy loss. Xewburyport Her.
Newburyport Nabobs have thus commenced early
for electioneering effect. After making some 20 per
cent, on their immense capital during the past year,
they now cut down tlie wages of their poor operatives
with a view of charging euch reduction to the demo
cratic measures of the administration. This game
will no doubt be played in every manufactory in the
United States controlled by whigs. It is getting ra
ther stale at this late day ; but notwithstanding this,
there will go up from the whig press one general hotel
over our " ruined country !"
Signs in Onto The First Gün. At the charter
election in Cleveland, Ohio, held on the 0th inst.,' the
Democrats made almost a clear sweep. In that hith
erto Mexican Whig city, the Democrats carried seven
out of the nine members of the city Council, and
elected their Mayor. This is a good beginning ; and
if we don't much mistake the honest portion of the
Ohio people, it will prove but "the beginning of the
Interesting Incident. The Rev. J. Adams, of
the New England Conference, a relative of the "old
man eloquent," preached in one of the Methodist
churches, in Washington on Sunday morning. He
regarded his visit to Washington, at that time, as
providential, as he learned from his cousin, J. Q. Ad
ams, the genealogy of the family. He has no doubt
that the journal of J. Q. A'lams, is the complete his
tory of the country, from its birth to the present
time. So much method did he use, he could write
while at Washington to his secretary in Quincy, and
tell in what box, in what pigeon hole, and at what
page he could find a copy of a letter or conversation
he wished forwarded to him. On the top of each page
was a square place, in which is inserted the names cf
persons who called that day. Rev. J. Adams was a
delegate to the Evangelical alliance in London, in the
summer of 1840. Newark Eagle.
Advices from South America show the republics of
Equadorind Bolivia to be in a very unsettled state,
and evidently verging to an outbreak similar to that
in Venezuela. It is a mattr of real regret to every
friend if republican institutions, that our South
American neighbors have thus far shown themselves
so little fitted for self-governnient, or deserving of its
BT MM. S. T. SOLTOW.
0ft when the world is cold and ilaik, in seemicg,
When fiieud, I loved tou well, have changed or flown,
I waud.fr faraway in 4nt, drcamiac
Of light and beauty in a world my own.'
In that transcendent realm, my soul's elyiian,
I hide me from misfortune's timoora-blaat.
And icalize hope's fondest, faiiett vision.
And live and move amidst the sbadjwy past.
I fee again, in Ihove bewitching trances.
The brighter, dearest scenes of other years,
And revel, in wild d reams and glowing fancies.
Till I forget life' rare, and toils and tear.
There are tbe pictured forms of, loved ones tleepiogt
There are the eyes that once spoke love to mine,
And there is faithful memory, fondly keeping,
Her vigil o'er the treasures in her shrine.
Those treasure, what ate they ? a smile, a token.
The pleaanl greeting of the household baod j
A tender tone, a woid of love long spoken
A sigh, a glance, the pressure of a hand.
The song of birds, in dim old forest bowers ;
Tbe murmur of the stream wbeie fiist I roved,
Tbe music of the breeze, the breath of flowers.
Memory hatb hoarded all that childhood loved.
The latest ray of loveliness that lingers
ArounJ my devious pathway may depart
But oh, foibid, that Time's effacing fingers
Should mar the sacred record on my heart.
When sombre clouds along my life-sky datken ;
Wheu, in the future, not a star appears.
Still let me love the past, still let me heaiken
To the sweet melodies of early yeais.
Messrs. Chafmans &. Spann Please publish the
following and obi ice a subscriber: As the time for
holding the next National Convention is drawing near,
the purpose of which is the selection of candidates
for the office of President and Vice President of the
United States, and I being a democrat, feeling a deep
and abiding interest for the success of the party and
Us principles, it will not be thought presumptuous in
me to say a few words in reference to the subject. It
is evident, that the next democratic President must
come from the North; it is also evident, that he can
not be elected without the. aid of New York. The
question then arises, will the delegates to that Con
vention, overlook the true interests of the party, by
casting aside the claims New i. ork has upon the Con
vention, for the candidate for President in 1S4S ? It
is well known to the democratic party throughout the
United States, that the candidate from that State for
the office of President at the last National Convention
was unfairly dealt with, to the dissatisfaction of
large portion of the democratic party. After taking
these things into consideration, it becomes the duty of
the convention, to give New York the next candidate
for President, and if thev do, victory once more wil
perch upon the democratic banner, and the party 6tand
as it did in 1844, a perfect unit. In making these re
marks, I do not wish to cast any reflections on any one
portion of tlie Union, for the benefit of another, I do
it merely for the purpose of harmonizing the party
and insuring its success. .A large majority of the
people of New York are democratic, her sons are
chivalrous and intelligent, and always ready to do
battle in the cause of democracy, lurn, if you
please, to the Senate of the United States and there
cast your eyes over that intelligent body, and view
the greatest talent in the Nation assembled. And
who stands more conspicuous in your view, than Hox
John A. Dix, the noble, high minded, and generous
hearted Senator from that great and democratic State !
He is a man who has no superior in the Nation;
whose course has ever been democratic; and who has
steered aloof from all the party factions of the day ;
whose speech delivered on the Mexican war is unan
swered, and unanswerable. I hold it to be a princi
ple in the democratic creed, that no State has any
claims upon the party for a candidate for any office.
But if claims of States are to be taken into considera
ntion by the Convention for the nomination of a can
didate for President of the United States, I, as a de
mocrat, and a Hoosier at that, present the claims of
New York. What did the democracy of that State
do towards electing our present chief magistrate !
Ever true to the principles of the party, sacrificing
every thing for principle, they took from the Senate
of the United States the Cato of America, (Silas
Weight) and run him as their candidate for Govern
or of the State, in order to defeat the whig candidate
for President, and to insure the success of the party ;
which course alone, taken by the democrats of that
State, made the party victorious in the election of
1344. In conclusion permit me to say one word to
the delegates to the Baltimore Convention. Gentle
men, you will be beset on all sides by the various poli
ticians, who go barking about, for nothing under hea
ven, but the plunder they expect to obtain, should
their candidate for President be nominated and elect
ed ; therefore pay no attention to them. But go to Bal
timore with this motto inscribed upon your banner,
Principles not Men, and all will turn out right.
Stocking a. Plantation.
A Washington correspondent of the Statesman, un
der date of the 23d ultimo, has the following para
One item more for the benefit of the abolition por
tion par excellence of the whig party! It is well
known that General Taylor has recently purchased a
large plantation in the fertile cotton and sugar grow
ing regions on the Rio Grande. Major Bliss the well
known Aid-de-Camp, and Secretary cf Gen. Taylor,
arrived in Washington, to attend to the political, of
ficial and pecuniary interests of his Chief, on the 19th
of January. The next morning the Washington pa
pern contained the following advertisement, inserted
in conspicuous places. This will show what Mr. Aid-de-Camp
Bliss is after.
1 f AAA TO $15.000 FOR INVESTMENT IN
$ llyUUU SLAVES. Boys and girls would be pre
ferred ; but, to avoid separation, families will be taken.
Proposals aie invited by letter, addressed to A. B., Wash
ington city, postage paid, at any time between this and tbe
1st of July.
TEN to FIFTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS;
just the amount of the salary of a Major General du
ring tbe Mexican war. The particular attention of
the anti-war, anti-6lavery whigs of Ohio is called to
the above documents, since in a few months they will
be called upon to cast their votes for the above candi
date for the Presidency. "Lo the poor Indian !" Lo
the poor Mexican ! Lo the poor slave ! Lo the poor
abolitionists! Low poor whiggery !
Land Slide. A great quantity of land gave way
during the past few days, on the south side nf Mount
Adams, between the Reservoir and Parson's street,
known as the "Widow's Orchard." The avalanche
is about 200 feet in width, and 500 feet in length
This immense body of earth, commenced sliding on
Thurdav last, and has continued to descend gradual
Iv ever since. The unavoidable result will cause the
destruction of four dwellings owned by the following
persons : One by Wm. Trobridge, valtipd at $1,000.
One by Buckner J. Smith, valued at $800. One by
Wm. Morton, valued at $000. This loss will prove
heavy to these gentlemen, they being mechanics, and
their little all is invested in the purchase of them
which they are thus suddenly and unexpectedly de
prived of. It is supposed this calamity was caused
by a large amount of earth having been removed from
the stone quarry above.
A Legislator Sent to Jail. We mentioned a
few days since that a row had taken place in the
Louisiana House of Representatives between two of
its members, which we learn from the Bulletin Jias
been settled as follows :
"The House took up a report of the committee in
relation to a breach of privilege committed by Mr.
Ferriere, in striking Mr. Brewer, a member of tbe
House, at the door with his glove. Under all the
circumstances of the case, the committee recommend
that Louis Lallande Ferriere be imprisoned in the
parish prison for the space of twelve hours, and that
the Speaker of the House of Representatives issue a
warrant of imprisonment. This resolution was
fJT" While the corpse of the venerable John Q.
Adams was lying in the capitol of Washington, and
whilst the whole public business of the couatry was
suspended, to do honor to his memory, Mr. Clay was
entering the city of Philadelphia with all the pomp
and parade which his idolizing followers could devise
attending wedding parties, and addressing crowds
in the street with a bouquet ot nowers in ins nana.
Yet we are told that when the hand of Death fell up
on the departed statesman, Mr. Clay came to his bed
side and shed a torrent of tears ! Neio Albany Dem.
(r-0.E i!t Nine. It is stated from official docu
tr.efts that there are but Sl.OOUf slave-holders in Ken
tucky, in a population of whites over 21
years of age. n
J 'J( k
Teto or the New Albany nntl Salem
To the Senate :
Gentlemen: I herewith return bill No. 27, which
originated in your body, entitled "An act (or the
benefit of the New Albany Railroad Company," with
the objections which have prevented me from giving
it my official approval.
The construction tf railroads, with the proper re
strictions and guards, so as to protect the rights of
the great mass of the community, is not only of gene
ral advantage, but it makes an era in the affairs of
the country. The inducements are too great, for any
doubt but that they will be constructed as soon, in
reference to general interests, as may be necessary.
I have already given my reasons, to some extent.
why the construction of such works should be left
exclusively to individual enterprise. I will now merely
say, that our only security to avoid another stupend
ous State debt, winch, from the absence ot any further
means to arrange or satisfy it, must crush us, is to
resolutely abstain from engaging the means of the
Stale, presently or remotely, directly or indirectly, to
assist any private company or any one worK whatso
ever. Whenever one instance or mat aina takes
place, it lays the foundation for a like claim in behalf
of other companies. Combinations of different sec
tions of the State, or of different companies, would
inevitably take place, until, as the final result, the
already overburdened State would be hopelessly in
volved. It was from a similar beginning that the ill
starred mammoth system of 1335-G took its rise, and
it behooves us to learn wisdom from experience.
The first section of tbe present bill releases to the
New Albany Railroad Company all right of redemp
tion of the road on the part of the State. .That right
was secured to the State at the time she passed over
her public works to private companies, by the act of
January 23, 1S42. Bv tlie 64th section of that act it
is provided that the State, through her Legislature,
may redeem any work after twenty years, by refund
ing to the company completing it, the full amount by
them expended upon it, with interest thereon at the
rate of six pe'r cent. per annum, first deducting from
such interest tlie nett amount of revenue received by
the company. No one could pretend, at the time,
that such provision was not sufficiently liberal. The
State had expended upon the original work above
$370,000, of which the far greater part I have not
the moans at hand of knowing how much, but it is
supposed at least 300,000 was expended upon that
part of it occupied by the present company's charier.
And the only thing left to the State for all this expen
diture, was the privilege of redemption at the end of
twenty years ; and even this is now sought to be taken
from her for the benefit of the company. I am aware
it is said that it will not be redeemed, that the State
gives away but little by this provision. But if tho
Stale gives away but little, the company receives but
little, and would not be prevented from investing their
capital without it. Other charters have been eagerly
sought after and granted, for such works, at the pre
sent session, where the State has expended no money.
The present company will be benefitted by the State's
expenditure upon this work ; ought they to receive a
benefit not accorded to other companies, for nothing!
If it should be considered bad policy for the State to
redeem the work hereafter, she should at least have it
in her power to sell the right of redemption to the
By this means something may be got by which to
help pay off cur State debt, of which this same
$300,000 is a part. The people ere now taxed to
pay that very debt, and they are now asked to surren
der this last vestige of the expenditure to a company,
and for nothing.
But above all, the objection consists in the principle
involved, of granting any thing of labor or of money,
or of the fruits of it, to aid any company in any
work like the present, without reference to the value
of the grant. The same objection was made by me
to the bill of this session for the relief of the White Wa
ter Valley Canal Company, and I can make no distinc
tion between different parts of the same State in refer
ence to such favors. The principle is pregnant with
danger and peril to the best interests of Indiana, and
as such I feel bound within my limited sphere to re
The bill is returned at the earliest practicable mo
ment allowed by the pressing duties of the close of
session, in order that the General Assembly may have
time to act in the premises according to their sense of
duty. JAMES WHITCOMB.
February 11, 1S4S.
07The veto was overruled, and the bill passed by
i. e t
Lit sits Aalurac.
One of the most singular freaks of nature we ever
witnessed, was exhibited to us a few days since, by
an eminent physician of this city, who still has this
remarkable object in his possession.
It is' a sort of monstrous abortion the issue of a
married woman in one of the lower wards and hav
ing, with the exception of a fair skin, many of the pe
culiar features of the mimia tribe, only it is more de
The head has all the characterises of the ape in its
formation, with the exception of one ear, which is
imperfect, there being no aperture visible external
ly, and it is otherwise mis-shapen. The body has a
full chest, diminishing gradually down the vertebral
columns, showing no hips at all ! iti fact, it has no
legs whatever, but the feet of an ourang outang are
placed, like turtles' flippers, immediately open upon
each side of the pubis, the arch of which must be ex
ceedingly narrow and contracted.
The arm consists of a single bone, from the shoul
der to the wrist there being no fore arm and the
hands are placed at right angles, inclining inwards.
The hands have the shape of those of a monkey, only
that each is furnished with but three fingers .' and
th thumb is nearly as long as either of the fingers.
The specimen of the mal-formation of which we
are speaking, is a female, and was still-born. It is
indeed, one of the rnoet curious instances of a mix
ture of several distinct classes of living forms, ever
reported the human form being strangely blended
with the ourang outang, or ape, with a seeming cross
of the turtle !
This statement may be relied upon as a fact ; and
those who doubt it can be easily conviuced of its
We clip the above from the Pittsburgh Post. Wa
expect it is the effusion of some wag, it being a per
fect description ofthe whig party !
From the N. O. Delta. 24th ull.
07- From El Xoliciosa de Tampico, Feb. 19, we
translate the following extract from El Monitor.
Messss. Clay, Calhoun, Botts, Webster, Gallatin,
Van Dick, (7) $-c. These illustrious defenders of the
cause of Mexico have justly acquired for themselves
the gratitude of good Mexicans. At a general meet
ing of the Philonthropic Society of Mexico, held on
the 26th ulu, it was resolved to send them a commu
nication manifesting the gratitude of the meeting, and
naming them honorary members of the Society, what
ever may bu the political circumstances in which the
United States and Mexico may find themselves. For
ourselves we render the homage of thankfulness to
these magnanimous and generous men who speak in
behalf of our country in the very land where troops
are collected to make war upon it. Eternal praise to
the defenders of the cause of justice and civilization.
Territory acquired by the Treatt. According
to tlie Philadelphia Bulletin, Upper California con
tains an area of 420,000 square miles, and New
Mexice 95,700 square miles. Assuming the cost of
the war and the purchase money to be, in round num
bers, $100,000,000, the acquired territory would cost
less than thirty cents an acre. The population of the
former is about 30,000, and of the latter 60.000.
Upper California includes the magnificent bay of San
Francisco, a bay not merely large eaougb to contain
tlie shipping in dur future commerce between China
and the East Indies, and our western possessions, but
large enough to accommodate He united natus of the
Another Advocate. The Charleston Southern
Patriot, of the 22d inst., hoisted tbe flag of Gen. Tay
lor for the Presidency. The editor is full of hope in
the wise administration of the laws under Taylor's ad
ministration. He says :
Remote from the political theatre which ha been
agitated with the tttstarbing questions of Bank, Tar
iff! Internal Improvement, anal Abolitionism ; with no
Other books but his Bible, the Constitotion, and that
volume of instructive wisdom, .hsopi täUtt, he will
enter on tho aUisuaistraiioi or oar aaairs, as fur
and as free from hidden infiuencts, as dii the Patnots
wko first framed', and first acted under mat corwtiu
tion, the just observance nf t lie pro vitioas of which,
aloue can perpetuate this Uuioiw"