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IXDIAXAPOLIS. JUXE 15, l50.
The patrons of the Sentinel already understand
tliat the Editor is at Washington attending to his
duties 9 a member of Congress. This position
gives him many advantages in communicating to
them the latest intelligence from the Capitol, in
watching the various mores on the political chess
hoard, and in predicting the effect of each move up
on the final result of the game. With these advan
tages he, on the other hand, labors under the disad
vantage of Ii i a absence from the place of publication,
and his consequent inability to say anything upon
subjects of a local character, either general or politi
cal. Eut cur readers will he gratified to learn that
we hate procured the invaluable services of Nathan
iel Bolton, Fq., 89 local Editor, who will take
charge of that department until our return. ' The
pcuple of Indiana know Mr. Bolton. It is therefore
unnecessary for us to make any promises on his be
half. He will do rijrht.
From the Copper llcgious.
- The Cincinnati Gazette says the propeller Napoleon
returned to the Sault Ste Marie, lhe23d ult., bringing
the first news from the mining region of Lake supe
rior this season; and this news is confined to the south
shore, leaving "Isle Royale" and the north shore yet
to be heard from.
The mining operations on fhesotith shore have been
prosecuted with energy and success the past winter.
TheMinesota, Adventure, Douglass Houghton, Algon
quin, North American and North West Companies
are reported as "opening rich" end producing copper
in great abundance. Many of these "diggins" give
eure indications of rivaling the "Cliff Mine." The
usual amount of copper has been obtained at the Ctijf
the past winter, and more than a thousand tons will
be shipped from that mine alone this season.
This remote mineral region has been, thus far, ex
plored nnd developed at heavy expense, and with an
untiring energy deserving of a rich reward; and wo
are pleased to notice, that from the region heard from,
the most sanguine anticipations are more than real
ized. Y'e confidently believe that this copper and iron
region upon Lake Superior is far more valuable to the
people of this country, individually and collectivelr,
than the golden regions of California.
The Algonquiu and Douglass Houghton companies,
mentioned above, are adjoining the section of mine
ral land owned by the Indianapolis company, which
they have purchased from the General Government.
Mr. James Yandes one of the Directors of the Indi
anapolis company, left this place a short time since
for Lake Superior and will make some experiments
on the Indianapolis section, on which there are seven
veins of copper, before his return.
Senatorial Deli gates.
Many of the counties, in thisState, in making their
nominations, have made no distinction between Sena
torial and Representative Delegates. This is about
to be remedied in some of the counties. The Lafay
ette Courier snys :
. It was not understood by either of the Coveutions
which recently nominated candidates for Delegates U
the Constitutional Convention, that the law authoriz
ing and regulating the election and organization i f
that body, required that in every Senatorial District
of the State, whether composed of one or more coun
ties, there should be candidates nominated and elected
as senatorial and as representative Delegates.
tt iMimnlv ivilll Ilm riniilil inns l)t I tin sw. it he- t "
comes necessary to select one of the candidates on have ,,ot 1uoled riShl 1 ha got lhe de11 at least
each of the tickets as a senatorial Delegate; which By playing double, he got into the Presidency, and
duty will be performed by the Central Committees of
the Democratic and Whig parties; and when the ar
rangement is made, it will be by them announced
Wh 1TE, PcLASKI AND EENTON CoUNTIES. JONA
THAN Hakeott, Eeq. of White county has been
nominated by the above counties as a candidate for
representative Delegate to the Convention. A friend
writing to the editor of the Pharos says, that "the
Convention was of the right kind. There was a very
large turn out from the three counties represented,
Pulaski alone had 39 delegates in attendance. I am
happy to say that notwithstanding the warm attach
ment which the delegates evinced towards their re
spective candidates, nothing but the best spirit and
harmony prevailed. The Convention was one of the
best I ever attended, and judging from the feeling
which prevailed, you may look for the election of our
candidate by an overwhelming innjority.
Our candidate, Jonathan Harbolt, is a plain, prac
tical man personally popular at home, and one well
calculated to make friends abroad."
The writer then asks, "won't that do !" We an
swer, certainly it will, nnd we invite the attention of
our Hancock and Madison county friends to behold,
"How good and pleasant a thing it is for brethren to
dwell together in unity."
Ripley Countt. The Democratic Convention of
Ilipley county has nominatedCol. Thomas Smith
and James II. Craven as candidates for the Con
vention, II. L. Gray for Sena: or, and Lutkeb
Shook for Representative.
We pirticularly invite the attention of our readers
to the following well-timed remarks of the Goshen
Democrat, in reference to the August election. Al
though the allusions are somewhat local in their char
acter, yet they will suit almost any county. It is
only in union that the Democracy have s'rength. We
are happy to say, that in only two or three counties
are there any difficulties from which we apprehend
serious results to the Democratic cause. These can
and we hope will bo soon remedied
E!khirt, one of j
the strongest Democratic counties in the State, last
year sent a whig to the Legislature on a local ques
tion. We are happy to find that such will not be the
case this year. The Democrat speaks to the voters
of tho county aa follows:
The canJidates of yui choir are in the field. They ate
all eood men, competent men, hones! men, faithful men
rtd lat but du lt-t, they sie D-mociaiic. They ' yrur
candidates, and they ljk In you for upport in the ctnin
con t ft, and it if upon you they depend fr their tuccek on
Hie firtt Mondijr in August. Buckla on your timui. The
Democratic shield i abundantly able to wit off the rnm-w-ed
darts of the enemy, flatter Dot yourselves, with Ilia fund
bpe tht yaur baiteiy it invincible ti the combined assaults
of Whu and fetiiinit, ero in Klkhait. The enemy it
couched in imbu'b, only awaitirjj to trat the march upon
yuu, ibouli you be found iet,ijt in corifiJrDt securitr. Al
though o seclioual qoeMuxi cao, by any possibility, be
prang upon you, to divide your strength, and ihu tecuie,
in the of last August, the election of a Whiz jet every
ffrt will be brought t a bear to distract and distuib the hn
noy and unanimity of feeling that now exist among yum.
It it by such means, ana euch ool, that the VYbus ever ex
pect to tide into power. Dngutled with and MhameJ of their
leader. Old Zack utterly repudiating, as they do, the great
Embodiment of Whiggery " himself having no Cixnmoa
bond f anion among themtelvei, aid no code of piinciple
to commend them to the confidence and tuppoit of the ho
et yeomanry of our coentiy, it it by sowing the terds of
rtueniuo mon their (.pponenii by cateiing to the tieich-
cry of diM'poinid Pliiieal t'pirinti, and by iinpo(itin
upon the confidence of the mases that they seek for politi
cal aggondizement. lake "P your minds, frllow Demo
crat!, at once, not to be tbwaited from your purpose, to yid!
your cordial, unanimous, triumphant tupport to the tcket
this day presented I" yuo, and victory, the icsult of "eternal
Vigilance," will again perch apoa our bannen.
The Logansport Tharos of the 12th instant eays,
that arrangements have been made with the Michi
gan Central Railroad Company for the sale at this
place of tickets on their road and boats. The pas
sage from Nile to Buffalo now costs 9 20. Tickets
cn the same route will be sold at Loganspori fur
1 $7 TjO. The stage fare to Niles will not exceed
2 50 making the fare from Loganeport to BuITjIo
$10, and the time from 30 to 40 hours.
tlf Mf 10 ttitt fatfttlß Ö1f tfflfi
Published by Austin II, Brown.
From Our Washington Correspondent
Washington City, June 0, 1650.
Tim weather is hot, and Congress like a great
Anaconda drags its ponderous self slowly along. The
House will commence voting on the California billon
Tuesday next, in the mean time, until that hour ar
rives, nothing will be done, but to talk of the bless
ings or the . horrors of slavery. Congress seems
sick and tired of the question members refuse to lis
ten to speeches, the fiery Southerner pours out the
vials nf his wrath in an empty hall; and the more
demure abolitionist from tic North, put3 his hand up
on his abdomen and in his heart thanks Heaven that
he is not as other men, and then with a still small
voice he speaks not to the House but to his brethren
and sister whose views he represents the real Mrs.
Partington of the north, who believe that the Southern
slaveholders are cannibals, and that the black ducks,
spoken of as such a great delicacy in that benighted
country, are nothing mora nor less than negro babies.
The Senate are more industrious; they meet at
11, and sit till 5. They will endeavor to pass the
Compromise bill before the voting commences in the
House. It is the most dißictilt question which mortal
man ever encountered. It raises its hideous form
everywhere; slops the wheels of Government and
checks all useful Legislation. A few days since a
bill came up creating the office of Surveyor General
for Oregon and granting bounty lands to actual set
tlers. The members of the House seemed generally
rejoiced to find a measure for their action, in which
there were no niggers But Giddings of Ohio soon
got the floor, and made a violent and abusive speech
against the South, and all in the North, who refused
to put a negro on an equality with a wiiite man.
This drew out Eundry replies from the Southern chiv
alry, and the day was taken up in discussion, and the
bill which was one of much importance failed to pass.
So it is with everything else. An appropriation bill
can't pass without a nigger discussion, and unless
bomethirg can be done to quiet agitation. Congress
may as well adjourn, for nothing can be done.
A great majority of both Houses are in favor of
admitting California as an independent measure, un
connected with anything else; yet, whilst they are in
favor of this r;esure, they know that one fifth of the
members prci-ent, under the rules of the House, can
and will defeat, to the end of the Congress, any such
measure unless its admission settles the whole ques
tion. Then there are the Southern disunionist and
the northern abolitionist uniting to defeat any meas
ure of Compromise, or, aa father Ritchie calls it. Ad
justment. It is the only political capital they have
left, to trade upon. Settle the question, calm the
mad waves of agitation, and, like Othello, their oc
cupation will bo gone. Then, there is the President,
who stands committed to the south and the north.
Somebody was cheated in his election, and he is de
termined not to show his hand, and then the cheated
party will never beany wiser as to the fraud. "If
t : r? i ." . t r it. . I ii'.' . tr t
the old man thinks what has once been done can be
done apain. The administration is a dead thing, and
if the slave agitation is kept up, the whirrs, who now
surround its bier, hope it may be made the battery to
galvanise it into life.
Then there is Colonel Benton, "solitary and alone,"
quarreling about "Goal's wool." No one agrees with
him. He is in favor of all the measures in the Com
promise bill, but wishes them rnado separate and in
dependent propositions. In a parliamentary view he
is certainly right, but, in the end, the result will be
precisely the same. Henry Clay, Chairman of the
committee of thirteen, the Napoleon of Comprom
ises, the man who always succeeds, except when he
is a candidate for the Presidency, is marshalling his
hosts. He never speaks without attracting the atten
tion of the Senate. lie pursues his favorite subject
with on energy that never tires. Now in his 74lh
y!or, yet he has all the vigor and fire of his youth.
Although urrounded by difficulties; the object of
hate and bit'erness of the administration; opposed by
the tools of the President the office-holders and the
office-seekers I believe his measure will eventually
succeed, and give peace and quiet tu the country.
The Senate have, on two propositions, voted down
the- Wilmut Troviso. The Indiana Senators, Whit
conibnd Bright, acting under Legislative instructions,
voteJ for the Troviso. This was right. They were
bound to obey vr resign but they will vote f r the
bill, and not suffcr it to be defeated; nor will they aid
this Galphin administration in a triumph. Mr. Dun
ham, one of the members from Indiana, a few days
since, made a very able speech on the question. It
was his first effort, and did him great credit. It was
a conservative non-intervention, and national speech
nothing narrow, mean or sectional about it.
It will bo perceived by the following votes taken
in the United Slute' Senate, on the compromise bill,
that our Senators, Messrs. Whitcomb and Bright,
have voted so as to obey the instructions of our last
Legislature. In the lluse of Representatives in
the Indiana Legislature, forty democrats voted against
the instructions every whig voted for them. We
trust the Indiana Journal will be satisfied, although
it now endorses Gen. Taylor's plan of non-action.
We tnke the following synopsis of votes in the Sen
ate, on the 5th inst., from the Cincinnati Gazette:
Tiie first amendment in order, was that proposed
by Senator Clnsc. Senator Davis, of Mississippi,
hnd mved an amendment to the original Bill, declar
ing that the restrictions imposed upon the territorial
h-gialatures, not to pass any laws on the subject of
slavery, should not be so construed as to forbid them
from passing laws protecting "the rights of proper
ty." And Mr. Chase moved that ihig amendment
should not be construed eo as to authorize tho. in
troduction of slavery. And this was voted dowu by
the following vote :
YEAS Messrs". Baldwin, Eradbury, Bright,
Chase, Clark, Cooper, Corwin, Davis of Massachu
setts, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglass, Felch,
Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Miller, "Norris, Seward,
Shield, Smith, Spruance, Upham, Walker, Webster,
and Whitcomb 25.
NAYS Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell. Benton,
Berrien, Butler, Caee, Clay, Clemens. Davis of Mis
sissippi, Dawson, Dickenrt, Dodge of Iowa, Downs,
Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King, Mnnjum, Ma-
i son, Morton, IVarce. Tratt, Itusk, Soule, Sturgeon,
lumpy, and Lnderwood oO.
The next vote was on Air. Davis' amendment, and
it was voted down by this vote:
YEAS Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Butler, Clay, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson,
Dickenson, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter, King,
Mangum, Mason, Morton, Tearce, Pratt, Rusk,-Sa-bastian,
Soule, Turney, and Underwood 25.
NAYS Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bradbury,
Bright, Cass, Chase, Clarke, Cooper, Corwin, Davis
of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Dodge of Iowa, Douglass, Felcb, Greene, Hale,
INDIANAPOLIS, JUNE 20,1850.
Hamlin, Jones, Miller, Norri, Sewnrd, Shields,
Smith, Spruance, Sturpeon, Upham, Walker Web-
ster, and Whitcomb Ü0
Senator Seward then offered the following amend
ment: Neither slavery nor involuntary servi'ude, other
wise t tin n by conviction for crime, shall ever be al
lowed in cither of said Territories of Utah aud New
The question on the amendment of Mr. Seward
was taken by yeas and nays, and resulted as follows:
YEAS Messrs. Baldwin, Bradbury, Bright, Chase,
Clarke, Cooper, Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts,
Dayton, Dodge cf Wisconsin, Douglass, Felch,
Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Norris, Seward,
Shields, Upham, Whitcomb, Walker 23. .
NAYS Messrs. Atchison,- Badger, Bell, Benton,
Berrien, Cutler, C&s, Clay, Clemens, Davis of Mis
sissippi, Dawson, Dickenson, Dodge of Iowa, Downs,
Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones. King. Mangum, Ma
on, Morton, Pearce, Trait, Rusk, Sebastian, Soulc,
Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Webster,
Senator Berrien offered the following amendment:
"But no law shall be passrd interfering with the
primary disposal of the soil, nor establishing or pro
hibiting African slavery."
And it was adopted by the following vote :
YEAS Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Borlai.d, Butler, Clay, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi,
Dawson, Dickenson. Downs, Foote, Houston, Hun
ter, Jones, King, Maugum, Mason, Morton, Pearce,
Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Soule, Spruance, Sturgeon,
Turney, Webster, Yulee 30.
NAYS Messrs. Bnldwin, Benton, Bradbury,
Bright, Cass, Chase, Clarke, Cooper, Corwin, Davis
of Mass., Dayton, Dodsre of Wisconsin, Dodge of
Iowa, Douglass, Felch, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Mil
ler, Norris, Seward, Shields. Smith, Underwood, Up
harn, Walker, Whitcomb 27.
Senator Hale offered an amendment to the section,
by adding, after the word propibiting," the words
"or allowing," which was voted down by 36 to 21.
Mr. Chase then moved to amend by striking out
the words "or prohibiting Africans," which was not
Mr. Douglas moved to strike out all in relation
to slavery, viz. the words, "nor establishing or pro
hibiting African slavery," which was lost by a vote
of 33 to 21.
Mr. Walker farther moved to amend the section
by adding after the word "slavery" . these words,
"and that peon slavery is forever abolished and pro
hibited." The reader will understand that "peon
servitude" exipts by virtue of the control of the indi
vidual a kind of modified form of imprisonment
for debt. This amendment was not disposed of when
the Senate adjourned.
Since the Indiana Journal has adopted the non-ac-
tion policy of General Taylor, it is reposing on the
honors it expects to reap for its course ; and remains
entirely silent as to the action of Congress on the
great and exciting question of the day. The princi
ple of nim-action, cartied out in practice, seems to
suit the editor of the Journal most admirably. Under
it he will not be compelled, as heretofore, to shift his
ground, almost every week, to suit circumstances.
He will not one week be for General Taylor, and the
next 6ay, that a regard for Whig principles forbids
his nomination. He will not say, in one number, as
he did immediately after Corwin's anti-Mexican-war
and anti-American speech, where he invoked the
Mexicans to welcome the American volunteers with
bloody hands, to hospitable graves, that it was a
fixed fact that Tom Corwin would bo the next Presi
dent and in the next number throw up his cap for one
of the heroes of that war. Non-action will save him
a great deal of anxiety and trouble. In consequence
of this silence we are impelled, in order to accommo
date our Whig friends, to copy 6ome articles from
Whig papers, so that they may tee how matters are
progressing at Washington. As a matter of course
we do not always subscribe to everything published
by whig writers ; but the following letter to the New
York Tribune of a late date, contains many sugges
tions worthy of consideration. We are every day
tnoro and more impressed with the idea, that it is the
duty of the great West to settle this question :
I'lic Compromise A fT.tir in New JHexf
co Tlic Aavliville Convention, Vc.
Washington, Wednesday, June 5.
One of the evils which Mr. Clay at an early period in
this session clearly foresaw would Detail the country in
the event of the "non-action" policy being enforced ; and
which ha provided against in his resoluiioni of adjust
ment, is now at our door. The authorities of Texas, and
the freemen ol New Mexico, have already become em
broiled in a personal collision, regarding the question of
jurisdiction over the aoil, and the enusion of bioou naa
only been prevented by the interposition of the strong
arm of the military force of the United Slates. This
policy, which we were assured with honeyed words, was
to still the turbulence of excitement, so far as Slavery and
the Tenilories were concerned, has become exploded;
and it is now conceded, that not only legislative inteife
renee, but interference of the most prompt nature is de
manded, in order to save both the sacrifice of lite, and
the propagation f slavery over a large portion of territo
ry now exempt from that plague. Col. Washington gives
butafloomy account of the state ot public feeling in
Santa Fe, and it is neither to bs disguised or denied, but
what the inhnbitanu of fyw Mexico feel as though they
had been abandoned by our Government, to whom ahme
they have to look for protection. Had an adjustment
been perfected the third month of the seseion, upon the
basis of Mr. Clay s propositions, tins new and em bar a ga
in? difficulty would have been avoided, nnd the country
would have found that repose which will inevitably be
denied, so long as the I erritories are lelt witnoul govern'
ments, and the remaining issues of the slavery cuntro
versy are undisposed of. I have my own opinion as to
the enect this lute intelligence irom new iuexico win
have in determining the pending controversy, which I
will givo you. So far as the extreme Southern men, as
well as the ultraiste of the North are concerned, it will
make each fiction the more unreasonable in their de
mands, and the less inclined to accommodrte their ultra
views to mivthine that ie likely to eatisly the great body
ot the people. Uut with the conservative porliona of
both parties, and more especially with the senators and
Repräsentatives from the North Western States, the in
fluence will be a beneficial and salutary one. They will
feel the necessity of exercising the balance of power they
hold between the two violent extremes of the Union ;
and their strength will ultimately be ao disposed of aa to
carry any menmre that will settle net only the boundary
coniroversy, but all the other issues which are embraced
in the Report of the Committee of Thirteen. It may
become necessnry to modify some provisions of the ad
justment, in the manner hinted at by Mr. Douglas in the
Senate a any or two since, so as to secure tne unitea sup-
. - . j... i .
fort ol the enure iMorinwest, ana u eo, sucn moaincauon
have no doubt, will be made. The ultra Soulhern Sen-
atora have thus far rejected all efforts of the friends of
the Kdiustment to meet them upon Anything like just and
sustainable terms; they "'erefore cannot complain, if
terms hereafter shocld be made that will meet the appro
bation and support of the Senators end Representatives
from-the valley of the Mississippi. -Every mail from the
West, comes fieighted with letters to members and others,
orgine the aettlement of the controversy upon the basis
of the Cotnmiltee's plnn, rather than the excitement
should be longer prolonged, and the country kept in a
. . . : . i i: in.:. :: .
mate Ol inicerinni j aiiu cun uibiiiii. a his jieii-vpui'ij
liavina its in flu nee, and to m, it ie a plain indication
that niter all the croa kings to the contrary, soma plan of
adpifttmenl will hnallv succeed.
Private dispatches have been received in this city from
Nashville, in which it is stated that there is ft diversity
of opinion among the Delegates ai to the Committee's
plan of adjustment., Many of the ablest of the delegates
strongly favor that mode of settlement, while others as
strenuously insist for thn extension of the Missouri Com-
Eromise line to the Pacific. Bat even should the latter
e insisted upon by the Convention as a sine qum non, it j
will not influence a single Senator to go against tne ad
justment proposed by ?he Committee, that would other
wist go for it. lis only tendency would be to relieve
suoh Senators as Davis, Yulee and Clemens, by dividing
the responsibility with them that they would, without
iuch ac" Convention, have to assume entirely
before the country, for procrastinating the agitation
through a defeat ol any adjustment. Yours, Clio.
The suit of John Norris, of Uione county, Ken
tucky, t. Leander D. Newton, E. B. Crocker and
seven others, for the recovery of damoges for aiding
and abcting the escape of slaves, after more than a
week's investigation before tho Circuit Court of the
United Slates, was determined on Wednesday last in
fuvor of the plaintiff. A verdict of two thousand
eight hundred and fifty-six dollars was given by the
jury against the defendants, as the value of the slaves
and other damages.
This suit has elicited considerable interest, and
was decided, mainly under a decision of the Supreme
Court of the United States in the case of Prig, where
the Court takes the ground that the owner of a slave
has the right, under the Constitution and act of Con
gress, to capture hit property in a free State and take
it from !hence without going before a State Court
and obtaining a certificate.
On this trial it was proved that the four negroes,
claimed by Norris, were captured in the State of
Michigan. They had absemwh-d frona their master,
in Boone county, Kentucky, in October, 1346. That
he immediately, on the next morning after their es
cape, went in pursuit of them. He proved by two or
three witnesses that he was their owner and had been
for a number of years. After searching for his ne
groes between one and two months he abandoned the
pursuit. He traced them as far as Laurel, in Frank
lin county, but could then obtain no further informa
tion as to the route they had taken. Last full he re
ceived information that they had fied to Michigan and
settled in a neighborhood in Cass county, where it is
estimated, by witnesses, that about one thousand ne
groes reside. He took 6ome five or six persons with
him, and; in tho night, captured his negroes in Mich
igan, and immediately proceeded -tn his journey
homeward to Kentucky. After passing through South
Bend, and at a distance of a mile and a half from
the town, Norris and his party stopped, on the road
side, for refreshments. While there a party came
from South Bend, accompanied by the deputy sheriff
of the county, and made an arrest under a writ of
habeas corpus. Norris and his party returned with
the negroes to South Bend, and a trial was had be
fore the Judge of the Probate Court of St. Joseph
county. Norris made a return on the writ of habeas
corpus, under oath, stating that the negroes were his
property, and that he was taking them to his resi
dence in dune county, from whence they had es
caped. The truth of this return was admitted by
Crocker, who appeared in behalf of the negroes, but
who filed a demurrer, claiming the liberation of the
slaves, on the ground that they had been captured in
Michigan and there was no certificate of the right of
ownership having bfo- proven" inthnt ISTate. The
judge deciding tiiat this was necessary, liberated the
negroes. Norris, anticipating this decision, had
procured a writ to take the negroes, from the clerk of
the Circuit Court, and as soon as the decision was
pronounced attempted to take possession of them,
when a scene of great confusiou ensued. The Ken
tucky party were armed with pistols and bowie
knives, and the crowd with canes and clubs. After
considerable excitement the negroes were taken to
the jail of the county, by the sheriff, for safe-keep
Several criminal suits were then instituted against
the Kentucky party, which it was alleged by the
plaintiff's counsel, were for the purpose of aiding in
the ultimate rescue of the negroes. The negroes
were demanded of the sheriff by Norris ; but he was
refused possession, as in the meantime a second writ
of habeas corpus had been issued, on which .the ne
groes were, in the end, discharged Norris not ap
pearing on the second trial. The first trial was had
on Friday afterijon, and the negroes were finally
liberated on the next Monday morning. During the
time interveuing, it was in evidence that from seven-
ty-5ve to two hundred negroes from Michigan were
present, jn South Bt-nd armed1, with puns and clubs,
and a number of them finally escorted the negroes out
of town when they were discharged.
Judge M'Lean, in giving his charge to the jury,
6aid, that tho decision of the Judge on the firt trial,
on the writ of habeas corpus, was incorrect, under a
decisiun of the Supreme Court of the Uniied Slates,
in the case above referred to. That thi decision
was applicable to the case. That the writ of habeas
corpus was proper and was at all times allowable;
but the question under it, in this cae, was the right
of ownership. That being admitted, the slaves
should have been remanded into the custody of Nor
ris. -The Judge said, he had dissented from this de
cision of the Supreme Court of the United States
when it was given ; but he was now bound to carry
it out. On the part of the defence a plea was set up
4hat Norris had given his negroes liberty to come
across the river at the time of their escape ; but this
was not proven to the satisfaction of the jury. Had
this been the case, Norris could not have had the ad
vantage of the act of Congress and the decision of
the Supreme Court in their capture.
Messrs. Lislon and Smith acquitted themselves with
much credit on the part of the plaintiff, and Messrs.
Jernegan and Marshall made a most able defence.
Mr. Smith spoke between six and seven hours in the
Under this decision we can see no reasons why the
citizens of the South should complain of injustice
being done them while in pursuit of their fugitive
slaves, at least eo far as Indiana is concerned. - The
law, as it exists, will soon be understood, under a
few more decisions like the present, and all future
difficulty will be avoided. We have no doubt that
much of the excitement was occasioned, on the part
of many -of the citizens of South Bend, in conse
quence of cither misapprehending the true nature of
the case, or the law under which they were acting.
All citizens, according to the decision of the Judge,
are bound to know the law) and great pains will
hereafter no doubt be taken, not to become involved
in difficulties like the present. The costs of the
present suit, in addition to the damages awarded,
will be very great.
A motion has been made by the defendants' coun
sel for a new trial and an 'arrest of judgment.
O-There is a man in New Orleans, who, ten years
ago was a porter in a store in Tearl street -afterwards
went west, and in consequence of the reduced
state of his finances, was obliged to work his passage
from Louisville to New Orleans who is now worth
$300,000. 'On his arrival in that city, 1S managed
to work himself into a small business, and at fast as
he earned a dollar, he spent it in advertising. By this
means, his establishment in a short time became the
tnlk of the citv. and he was run down with business ;
and in a little over six years, ho has acquired a prince-
; ly fortune. So much for advertising.
Volume X.::::::::Numbcr 3.
The Illustrious Dead.
The Late Ex-President Polk. The last Nash
ville papers contain an account of the ceremony of
removing the remains of the late lamented President
Tolk from the temporary vault iu the cemetery, to
the vault of the monument erected to his memory.
Early in the morning the "star spangled banner" was
displayed at half-mast from the highest pole of the
new capitol. The stores and business places were
closed, and the citizens with one accord, turned out
to do honor to the illustrious dead. We extract a
description of the tomb.
The monument is built of Tennessee limestone, al
most as imperishable as the public character of him
whose remains it covers. The design is of the Gre-
cian Doric order, by Col. Strickland, who, we be
lieve, is one of tho best architects our wide extent of
country can boast of. -
Four graceful columns of this manly order eupport
a frieze and entablature, in which the beauties of
Vetruvius and Paladia are shown. The design is in
structive to those who havo "eyes to see," and we
had almost said "ears to hear." It shows the manly
form, and solid consistency it shows the respected
remains of the illustrious uVad are revered for these,
qualities, aud revered they will be as long as history's
page lives. On the frieze froatiug the east is this
JAMES KNOX rOLK,
10th President of the U. S., born 2J Nov. 1795.
Died June löih, 1049.
On the slab that covers the vault is a pedestral of
the same order, on which we understand, is,-at some
future tune, to bo placed a statue of the great states
man. On the east facade is the following inscrip
The mortal remains
James K. Polk,
are resting in this vault beneath.
He was born in Mecklenherg County,
and emigrated with his father,
Samuel Polk, to Tennessee,
The beauty of Virtue
was illustrated in his life.
The excellence of Christianity
was exemplified in his death.
On the south facade :
By his public policy, he defined,
established and extended, the
boundaries of Iiis country.
He planted the laws of
the American Union
on the 5-hotes of the Pacific.
His influence aud his counsel
tended to organize the
on the principles of the
and to apply the rule of
Freedom to Navigation,
Trade and Indusiry.
On the north facade we find the following :
His life was devotpd to -the
public service. He was
- elevated successively to the first
places in the State and Federal
Governments. A member of the
General Assembly ;
A member of Congress, and
Chairman of the most important
Congressional Committees ;
Speaker of the House of
Governor of Tennessee, and
PRESIDENT OF TIIE
The facade of the pedestral on the west side of it,
is left blank, as we learn, to hand down at the proper
time to posterity tho many virtues of the widowed
consort of the illustrious dead.
A petition has just commenced circulating in the
city of New York, instructing the Delegation in
Congress from that city and the New York Senators
to vote for Mr. Clay's compromise. The New York
Journal of Commerce of the 6th inst. says, that indi
viduals of their own city delegation "are said to hes
itate, and upon them the whole result may depend.
They need support from their constituents, in the uew
circumstances in which they are placed. Shall it not
be given them ! Petitions, Like the one annexed, are
circulating through the city, and have already received
an immense number f signatures."
The following is the language of the petition :
We, the citizens of New York, without distinction
of party, refpectfully state : that our people are tired
of the agitation and discussion which is engrossing
the attention of Cungres and tho country, to the
manifest injury of all interests, disturbing the har-
inoiiy, and endaniering the Union of the States.
We believe all these matters can be readily and per
manently settled, if met in a proper spirit of concession.
We, therefore, express the confident belief that a
large majority of all the people regard the bills re
ported to the Senate, by the Committee of Thirteen,
as the most eligible mode yet pref.entcd of adjusting
these difficult questions, end do respectfully urge you
to give them a cordial and entiro support ; n cour.se
we believe to be sanctioned alike by patriotism, sound
policy, nnd wisdom.
We copy the following extract of a letter from
Washington, of the Hon. A. J. Harlan, to the edit
or of the Marion Whig Thermometer :
I also wish to say, for the benefit and information
of those who are interested, that there has not parsed
during the present Congrces, any law giving relief,
, of any kind, to the soldiers of the war of 1812, or
any other war or campaign. There is a bill before
the House, which will probably pass it, giving Boun
ty land to the soldiers of the war of 1812, of the In
dian war of 1835-6. in Florida, nnd the war known
as Gen. Wayne's, of 1792 to 1797. This bill is rid-
ically defective and unjust, because it makes no pro
vision, for those who served for a les period than six
months ; and yet I shall vote fir it, after attempting
to amend by providing for all the soldiers without re
gard to the length uf time tl.ey served, should such
attempt fail. I do not wish to be understood, howev
er, as intending to five them the same amount of land,
but in proportion of the term of time they served :
say 40 acres for those who served less than six months,
80 for services between six and twelve months, and
160 fo? twelve months or more. "'
Clay has made war upon the. present Administra
tion, for its course with regard to California and the
Territories. Much excitement prevails as well is
bitter and deep-seated hatred amongst tho members of
Congress. You may look out for a storm, and with
it may be danger."
The Coffee Trade. A memorial signed by near
ly eighty of the principal houses in London engaged
in the coffee trade, has been presented to the Lords of
the Treasury, statin r the great abuses which exist
in the. adulteration of coffee, which is not only mixed
with chickory, but also with a deleterious mixture of
rossted acorns, chestnuts, peas, ami beans, ret pottery,
earth, sand, mahogany saw dust, coloring matten
and filings, to the great injury of the fair dealers, the
health of the consumer, and the loss of the revenue.
Thii latter is estimated to be, when compared with
1810, no less than 162.000, and with the year of
maximum consumption 1347, 250,1100. Chicory
was, until these last few years, only an article of im
port; it is now largely grown in the country, and
being so grown, is not' subject to any duty. What
the memorialists ask is, that coffee adulterated with
chicory khill no longer bo sold as coffee: they do not
wish to interfere with the bona fide sale of chickory,
but they witdi tho consumer to purchase coffee and his
chickory separately, that he may know exactly what
he is using. ' '
Corretpondenee of the AI T, Journal qf Commerct,
Washington, June 5th.
Some days ogo a message from the President was
communicated to the Senate, transmitting documents
relative to 'uban matters. A portion of the docu
ments were marked "confidential." It was not or
dered to be printed, but referred to a committee for
examination. These voluminous documents will not
be printed in time for publication at this session, al
the rate at which our public printing is done. These
were the papers !upon which the President rave his
order for sending a naval force to Cuba a fortnight
go last Saturdav.
Some of the documents are important. Some from
New Orleans, New York, and other places, implicate
many respectable citizens, some of whose names have,
however, been suppressed, upon special application
to Mr. Clayton.
It appears that the President cave orders to the
pquadron, that if the invaders landed, they should '
take part with the authorities of Cuba; that they
should prevent the lauding, and interfere after the
landing if necessary. These are now said to have
been the orders, which were, however, ffiven too late
to prevent the landing; and interposition subsequent
ly became unnecessary.
1 he naturo and extent of the demands made by
this government, and at tho special instance, as it is
said, of Mr. Clayton, upon the Cuban authorities,
ara not fully known, and are variously stated. He
has probably interfered in behalf of the prisoners
captured as pirates by the Cubans. It is very proba
ble also that some American citizens, resident in Cu
ba, have been harshly treated in the late turmoil, and
while Cuba was declared to be in a state of seise; and
that remonstrances have been made, and redress de-
I have very rood reason for believinjr that, as I in
formed vou by telecrraDh. Ihe Spaniard will nresent a
formal demand for indemnity, on account of the in
vasion of Cuba by forces organized in the U. S., and
the protection afforded to the adventurers and their
plunder at Key West. That representations of somn
moment aud urgency against the toleration of such
expeditions by the U. S. government, will be mado
by the British and French ministers, is very probable.
Washington, Juno Cth, 1S50.
The Southern politicians are not in favor of the an
nexation of Cuba to the United States not one cf
them, as far as I can learn. Gen. Taylor is said to
have expressed an opinion, btfjre bis election, that
Cuba would ultimately be annexed to the Union, but
not in any manner inconsistent with our national ob
ligations. Those politicians of the South who are
supposed to cherish designs hostile to the Union, are
epcial!v opposed to the annexation of Cuba to the
federal Union. If it ever becomes a State cf this
Union, it will, as they say7 be a free State, or upon
the Jamaica plan of apprenticeship.
They say that the principle decided by the U. S.
Supreme Court, in the case of the slaves taken oa
board of the Amistad, would, if applied to the slaves
now held in Cuba, emancipate two-thirds of them
who have been introduced as slaves, and are held as
slaves, against Spanish law, and in contravention of
an existing treaty between Spain and England. In
fact, tl.ey would be almost as willing that Cuba should
come under the dominion of England as under the
dominion of tho Abolition States of the North and
Should the Union ever be dissolved, and a Southern
Confederacy be established, the Southern politicians
would, of course, be very glad to embrace Cuba in it.
Cuba would then become the subject of contest be
tween the Nurth and South.
Mr. Calhoun was consulted last November on tho
question of the policy of acquiring Cuba by treaty
with Spain, or other legitimate mode, and annexing
it to the Union, and he give, in writing, a most de
cided opinion adverse to it.
It is nw said and believed that there has been,
and even now exists, a small faction in the South
who are in favor of secession. All of those who de
mand new constitutional guaranties, which are im
practicable, are of this faction. But their number is
few, and the Southern convention now in session at
Nashville will do nothing that will countenance it.
Various opinions exist here aa to the success of
Mr. Clay's adjustment plan. Its aspect is more fav
orable now than fr a week past. We count thirty
for it certainly, and a good chance for thirty-one or
two, in the Senate.
If it pass in the SenA'.c, it will in the House. The
late proceedings in Pennsylvania will exert a favora
ble influence on it. It is now believed thnt Mr. Ber
rien will ultimately vote for it. Mr. Morton, of
Florida, will not commit himself against it.
We may possible get through with this embarrass
ing question by the middle of luly; and in another
fortnight all other business will be dispatched.
Washington, June 7.
The controversy between Texas and New Mexico
has becomo one of such pressing importance, as t
command the attention of tho public, and even of
Congress. At length the Senate has come to the con
sideration of this important matter.
It is found to be a diScult question, and unless it
be settled, it will lead to greater difficulties.
It is in the power of Congress to provide means by
which the controversy can be brought before the Su
preme Court. Mr. Webster gives his opinion that it
jean be done. But, at the same time, it is deemed a
j very exceptionable mode of settling the question, and
I it cannot be considered as a very certain and ealie
: factory mode of adjustment.
j Mr. Webster takes a right view of tho subject,
1 when he says that, as a high political question, the
j boundary dispute should be settled by Congress cr
by compromise, it is allowable in such a case, to
luy our p cYicf," even if wo pay dearly fur it.
Therefore, I regard the proposition to Texas at tho
most important feature of the adjustment project.
There is another difficult metier to he settled besides
the boundary question. The South claim that slavery
shall be recognized in the whole region claimed by
Texas south of SG SO, even after 6he has reduced her
limits. This scheme I referred to, two months ago,
as the Howard proviso. It was offered in the Housu
by Mr. Howard of Texas. The Senate will reject it.
AccnrJirg to Mr. Calderon's note to Mr. Clayton
of May" last, every prisoner taken by the Cubans wtil
bo summarily executed. I hope they will rot exe
cute the men taken at Contoy, fur it is not certain
that they intended M take any part in the enterprise.
alrer ascertaining its c-lject.
From the Baltimore Sun of June, 7.
The Ccjja Sentiment. The dropping of Lopez
upon Cardenas was of itself a rather diminutive af
fair. We don't think it produced anything more
startling than a Saturday night procession in New
York, a iscream or two under the "free flap of Cuba,"
and a speech from somebody, which, unfortunately
for posterity, nobody reported. They had all th
fun, if there was any in the matter, on the island;
for we don't remember that the funds with as were at
all affected. But like a stone in a mill-pond, the
dropping of Lopez on Cuba, is likely to send its un
dulations far and wide throughout the social and p-
litical world. The splash was in itself of small mo
ment, but the ripples are growing into waves and
diffusing a peculiar influence throughout til the chan
nels of national and natural feeling.
Spanish alacrity in Ihc'sheddini; of blood has al
ready betrayed its feline affinity. Four of the Ame
ricans have been shot. In th is. judicially we have
nothing1 t complain of; but the unseemly baste of
the proceeding, designed no doubt to strike terror
where it will only excite tho spirit of revenge, is not
quite consistent with the civilization of the age. Tho
luckless men who were thus left to the tender mcr.
cies of Spanish ofBcials were tried, if tried at all,
convicted, sentenced and executed, without any sort of
a chance for defence. Martial law with its summary
appliances finished their career, and they were made
to expiate the folly of an hour with their lives.
But dtffculiies increase and embarrassment begins
to hang upon the proceedings of government with
respect to American citizens now held in durance and
shut out from all communication with American au
thorities. These men, for aught we know to the
contrary, may be entirely innocent of the least design
to invade the territory of Spain, or in any way to
molest the peace of Cuba. The reports we have in
relation to a portion of them at least, aro to the "ef
fect, that they joined themselves in a company, under
the representation of their leaders that they were to
proceed to California ; and that on ascertaining that
Cuba was the point of destination they objected to
proceed, and protested against any connection with
the affair. The truth of these declarations ought tu
be sjieedily ascertained, and ni means fcft tniem
plwytd to secure the safety of the prisoners agaiust
the vindictive cruelty of the Cuban olLclals.