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Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis) 1841-1853, July 25, 1850, Image 1

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WILLIAM J. BROWN, Kditor.
.1
WEEKLY,
sr.:UX-Wi:r.KLY,. .
W I f iV 4 A
AUSTIN II. BROUN, Publisher
2 OO
VOL. X.
INDIANAPOLIS, THU KSDAY, JULY 25, 1850.
NO. 8.
INDIANA
STA
1
J
INDIANA STATE SENTINEL i
A GAZETTE OF THE PEOPLE,
E7-Ofiice iu THE SENTINEL BUILDINGS
North Side Washington, near Meridian St.
AUSTIN H. BROWN, PUBLISHES.
THE SraU-IVEEULY EMTIO
Is published every Wednesday and Saturday and Daily
during the session of the Legislature, at
rOUE ECLLAES A YEAS, Invariably in Advance.
THE WEEKLY EDITIOX
Is published every Thursday, and is furnished to sub
scribers at the following very low rates:
One Copy, one year, $2.00
Three Copies, one year, 5-0
Five Copies, one vear 8.00
Ten Copies, (in Club) one year, 15.00
One Copy, six months, l-0
One Copy, three months, 50
ZJ-The Money, in all cases, to accompany subscriptions.
0Any person sending us a Club of Ten, with cash,
at the rate of $1.50 each, shall have a copy gratis for
one vear. For a greater number than ten, the gratuity
wili'be increased in proportion.
CT" All Post Masters are requested to act as Agents,
and, as such, bv a recent decision of the Department,
they are authorized to frank letters for the benefit of
subscribers.
C7-A11 papers will be stopped at the end of the term
paid for, unless the subscription is renewed, except to
those with whom we have unsettled business accounts.
C7 Drop Letters, addressed to this office, lftU not be
taken out unless the postage is paid.
XJ Transient Advertisement must be paid for when
presented, or they will not appear.
CNo Anonymous Communication will receive atten
tion at this office. i
E7" Advertisements must bo handed in by 10 o'clock, A.
M., on Tuesday and Friday, to insure insertion in the
semi-weeklv. .
IU This Paper offers inducements to Advertisers equal
to any other establishment in the State.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
We will advertise at the following rates in our respec
tive weeklies:
Patent Medicines at $150 00 per column.
Business Advertisements, 25 00 per qr. col.
Legal and other advertising at 50 cents per square of
250 ems, for first insertion, and 25 cents for each snbsc
qnent insertion. AUSTIN H. BROWN,
JNO. D. DEFREES.
INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 20. 1S30.
August Election.
Democrats, are you ready for the conflict, are you
united? If you are, victory will perch on your ban
ner. If you are divided, defeat and disgrace will
follow. Your candidates are in the field ; elect them,
and they will carry out your principles. Mark the
pretended democrat, whose petty ambition and love
of office, will induce him to be a candidate in oppo
sition to the will of his party. Mark the whig, who
in democratic counties, cries aloud and spares not,
against the influence of party. His lamentations
are like the cries and tears of the crocodile, after he
has devoured his prey : such men, elected by demo
cratic votes, always prove to be most violent and
prescriptive partizans. But this is whig tactics in
counties where the democrats have a majority, and
if the case is hopeless, their next effort always is, to
induce some trading democrat to run in opposition
to the regular nomination, in hopes of dividing and
breaking down the regular organization. Let hon
est democrats watch such men. They will smile
upon you, but smile to betray. There is no safety
but in voting the whole ticket. Swap knives and
swap horses, but dont swap away your birthright
or your principles.
Remember the first Monday in August. Give one
day to your country. Go to the election. Go early,
work late. Let your motto be, "the union of the
Democracy for the sake of the Union." Meet your
political opponents with calmness and moderation;
arm yourselves with the weapons of truth and rea
son. The election you are just entering upon is a
most important one. If you will it, and work ac
cordingly, you must triumph. But again we say,
beware of the enemy who would sow tares and
cockle amongst you. Treat him as a spy. Try him
as a spy, and cast him out as unworthy of your con
fidence. CL O. O. F. The Grand Lodge of this order,
on last Wednesday, elected the following gentlemen
officers to serve for the ensiling year :
Milton Herndon, M. W. G. M.; Joseph D. Silcox,
R. W. D. G. M.; William M. Monroe, R. W. G.
W.; Willis W. Wright, R. W. G. Secretary; Jacob
B. McChesney, It. W. G. Treasurer; Solomon Mer
edith, G. Rep. G. L. U. S.; Daniel Moss, Alternate
G. Rep.
The Grand Encampment, of the same order have
elected the following officers for the coming year:
i Job B. Eldridge, M. W. G. P.; John Dixon, M.
E. G. II. P.; William M. Monroe, R. W. G. S. M.;
Casper Markle, R. W. G. J. M.; Willis W. Wright,
R. W. G. Scribe; E. Hedderly, R. W. G. Treasur
er; Stepben C. Clymer, W. G. Sentinel; George
Brown, Dep. G. Sentinel; Schuyler Colfax is the
Rep-
Fnneral Honors to Gen. Taylor.
The committee of arrangements have fixed on
Saturday next, the 27th inst, for a meeting in the
State House square, for the purpose of paying a tri
bute to the memory of Gen. Taylor.
The Rev. E. R. Ames will preach a funeral ser
mon, and II. O'Neal, Esq., will deliver an address.
Mr. McfJlernand'ft Speech.
In our paper of to-day will be found an extract
r viz. . wt znlz-kzitiont arwiti rif tli! a (rcntlcman
irOIIl U1C uurc ..I zvz.j-z . - e
Mr. McGernand has been a member of Congress
during the whole penoa oi tnc siery extnenirm,
. , . i : i . tiz. ..v: .
and no man unuersianu we www uujen uu
better than he does. It is a
mui-ii -i
faithful history of the Proviso and its effects upon the
peace and prosperity of the country. We commend
it to the careful perusal or our reaaer3.
New Route to the City of New York.
Coaches now leave this city, daily, for Nilcs, in
Michigan, via Logan.port, where they interject
with the great Central Railroad to Detroit, and, at
the latter place, with boats to Buffalo reaching me
latter place in forty-two hours from Logan?port, and
fifty-eight hours from Indianapolis Passengers, by
this route, can reach New York city in four days
from this place.
AH Talk and no Cider.
This old and somewhat vulgar adage is peculiarly
applicable to the present session of Congress. It
seems to be all talk and no work. The subject of
slavery in the territories, the admission of Califor
nia and other kindred measures have been discussed
for the last seven months, and no vote has yet been
taken. A very common error prevails all over the
country, that the members' names which appear
most frequently among the proceedings are the most
influential. They are certainly the most prominent
and active; but, as a general rule, they are far from
being the most useful. The most talented and influ
ential members seldom engage in debate, and when
they do, it is not for the puqose of speaking to
Buncombe with empty scats for their auditors; but
to explain the subject matter before the body.
RatliCe Boon, when a member of Congress from In
diana, had a set speech, which he used upon all oc
casions, and a capital one it was. He would spring
to his feet, and, after being recognized by the chair,
he would say, "Mr. Speaker, I think we have had
talking enough on this subject, and I therefore move
the previous question." For this he received from
the whigs the appellation of "Previous question
Boon." It would be a fortunate thing for the coun
try if there were more Boons in Congress.
For a time the hour rule checked debate; but in
the end, whilst it has had the effect to curtail the
length of the speeches, it has greatly increased their
number; any member now can either write out, or
get some one to do it for him, an eight page speech,
which he can read in the House, have published in
the Congressional Globe, and thousands of them
sent home to his beloved constituents in pamphlet
form. They read his speech and congratulate
themselves that their mcmocr in congress is so
" smart a man."
There are two hundred and thirty-five Representa
tives and Delegates; each one must make a speech
to satisfy hi constituents that he is an active mem
ber, and in the ordinary hours of the session, it will
require at least seventy-five days to get through.
The next question that comes up they have all a
right to speak, and so Congress goes on, talking and
talking, without any action.
We are becoming a most loquacious people, we
are better talkers than workers. This crying evil
not only exists in Congress, but is increasing in all
our legislative bodies. The time was when any
question in the Senate could have been determined
in ten days, and a vote obtained; now it requires
months. A few days since, Mr. Bell, a whig Sena
tor from Tennessee, spoke for three days on the sla
very question. It is a great and growing evil, and
unless the practical workingmcn in Congress can
adopt some rule to curtail the "glorious right of
speech," Congress will have to continue in session
all the time.
The Galphin Swindle.
Our neighbor of the Journal has, from the first,
endeavored to apologise for, if not approve of, this
plunder of the treasury. He has brought up the
cases of notorious defaulters, one of whom, at least,
was once recommended by a whig meeting as the
whig candidate for Vice-President of the United
States, to prove that Mr. Crawford and the rest of
the Cabinet were perfectly justifiable in the transac
tion. Horace Greely does not look at the matter in
this light. He seems to think this money, unjustly
taken from the treasury, should be disgorged. He
says:
It can hardly be denied that this affair has received a
perlectly thorough and unusually fair, spirited and ira
partial investigation, and we Co not think the country
-a mm
will be disposed to deny tue lustiec ot the conclusion ar.
rived at. And there is no doubt that whatever be the
leeal effect of this conclusion, the people at larjje should
require the re-payment of this money. Perhaps, in the
atmosphere of Washington, it may seem rather a ver
dant, or rather an obsolete idea that any body who has
led lat on the treasury should be expected to disgorge
the luscious plunder, but it is nevertheless one that every
honest conscience must entertain, and every sentiment
of private honor enforce. All the parties who have
shared in this spoil are not known to the public, but at
least one is conspicuous, and will be universally looked
to. Indeed, it is hardly possible tc doubt that, under
the circumstances, he will see the propriety of a prompt
and complete restitution of the whole interest, and take
measures nceornii.giy.
What effect this result will have on the formation of
the Cabinet, remains to le seen. It is only natural to
suppose that it cannot leave it exactly as it rim's it.
Propriety would seem to dictate that a Cabinet Minis
ter who, in such a matter, undergoes a decisive rebuke
from the popular branch of the Legislature, should give
way to a successor. There may, however, be reasons
or a contrary course, but they do not now occur to us.
iThe Cleaveland Herald says: The facilities
for travel on Lake Superior have been much im
proved this season. The Propellers Napoleon and
Independence run regularly. One leaves the Sault
every Friday, making the trip through the lake,
touching at Carp river, Ontonagon, and Isle Royal.
The fine Cleaveland Propeller Manhattan, launched
from Lake Eric into Superior last spring, is also
making regular trips, and we learn very profitable
ones. The mining business of Lake Superior ha3
become an important item of trade and wealth, and
the Sault Journal notices the arrival of numerous
parties from below, pleasure seeking or on business.
correspondent of the New York Tribune, in
a telegraphic despatch, says, that it is generally ru
mored in Washington that President Fillmore will
form a Cabinet composed throughout of men in fa
vor of the compromise bill now before the Senate
Daniel Webster for Secretary of State, Sac.
Another despatch says, that the Hon. Caleb D.
Smith, or Richard W. Thompson, of Indiana, will
be offered the Home Department. Doubtful. Caleb
B. ii looking to the U. S. Senate, and Dick is con
sidered rather " small potatoes," in connection with
such an office.
(JtGiLBEnT M. Dcivn, of Portland, Maine;
Thomas L. Tucker, of Indianapolis; Jere
miah Tixgley, of Ohio; David M. Joxf.s, of
Cory don; James A. Beswick, of Laconia; J.
Hasxa, of Indianapolis; Samuel. A. Lati-
more, of Liberty, and James T. Embree, of
Princeton, received the Degree of A. B-, at the
commencement ot Greencaslle, in the early part of
tlii wet-k.
i3Easlern papers are now received at Lafayette
via Detroit and Central Railroad, which the papers
of that city consider a decided improvement. So
we go.
Incidents in the Life of General Taylor.
The following summary of remarkable incidents
in the life of General Taylor w ill be interesting to
our readers. The article, from which we copied
them, gave a history, at considerable length, of his
services in the Mexican war, w hich is familiar to
our readers, and which, for the want of room, we
now omit. After introductory remarks, the writer,
who 'a well conversant with his history, says:
Zachaey Tatlob, the son of a father honorably
distinguished in the Revolutionary war, was born in
Orange county, Virginia, Nov. 24, 1784. Till tin ago
of 21 he worked on the farm of his father, but early do.
veluped a taste lor military lue. lie was appointed first
Lieutenant in the Seventh Infantry on May 3, 1808. In
1310 he married MIj Margaret Smith of Maryland. In
1812 he served as Captain under Gen. Harrison in the
Indian war of the North-west, where in September he
gained great c redit for bravery and coolness in defend
ing Fort Harrison against the savages, and received the.
rank of Brevct-Major in consequence. In the course of
the w ar he further distinguished himself. When it end.
ed, being reduced to tho rank of Captain on account of
the general reduction ot the army, lie resigned and went
back to his farm. He was reinstated as Major in 1816,
and commanded for two years at Green Bay on Lake
Michigan. Afterward he served mostly in the South,
being scarcely ever absent from active duty. On April
19, 1319, he received the commission of Lieut. Colonel.
After 1825 he was again scut to the North-west, where
he remained five years. In 1S32 ho was made Colonel,
and served in the Black Hawk War. Afterward he was
stationed at Prairie du Chien till 1836, when he was or
dered to Florida, where on December 25, 1837, he
fought the battle of Okechochee, one of the most mem
orable in the annals of our Indian hostilities, which vir
tually put an end to the war; for this he received the
brevet rank of Brigadier General. He remained in
Florida till 1S40, when he took command of the first de
partment of the army in the South-west, his head-quarters
lK?in at Fort Gibson, in Arkansas. In 1845 he was
ordered to the Texan frontier, in anticipation of the
.Mexican war, and at the beginning of August had taken
up his position at Corpus Christi.
In person, Gen. Taylor was about five feet eight
inches high, with a slight tendency to corpulency. His
complexion was dark, his forehead high, his features
plain, but full of courage, intelligence, benevolence and
good humor. His dress was always simple, and his
manners made all who approached him perfectly at
home.
Mrs. Taylor, the wife of hisvouth, still lives: though.
! from taste, she has not appeare J in general society since
her husbands elevation to tho Presidency, lheyhavo
had four children, one son and three daughters ; one of
tho latter married Ur. Wood cf the Army, who has
been in attendance on the President during this last ill-
ness;
another (now also deceased) married Senator Da
vis of Miss.; and the third is Mrs. Bliss, who has done
the honors of the
still a young man.
Presidential Mansion. The son is
Last Moments of Gen. Taylor.
The correspondent of the Philadelphia Bulletin
has given a long description of the incidents con
nected with the last illness and death of Gen. Tay
lor. The following is his account of the closing:
scene:
" I will not attempt to describe the commotion that
ensued. Mrs. Isylor thrice tainted from excess of ap
prehension, and Col. Bliss, who had never shed a tear
perhaps niton the battle plain , wept like an infant. At
5, two hours previous, the physicians refused to admin
ister any more medicine, considering his case hopeless,
and in the hands of God. The Heads of Department,
corporate authorities of the city diplomatic body, and
officers of the army and navy, paid their resqects often
during thc'daVj and seemed to entertain lively feelings of
solicitude for his safety. Every thing that could contri
bute to tho comfort of the sick, thenceforward, was ex
tended ; but the sands of lifo had run out, and hii hours
were nnmbercd.
" At nine tho vomiting partially ceased, as all pain had
disappeared about four in the afternoon. But the sys
tem had wasted under the shock and gradually sunk le
yond recovery. Green matter was thrown from his sto
mach at intervals until twenty minutes past 10 that
peculiar coloration of bile that indicates the dissolution
of patients thus seized. At 33 minutes past 10 his wife,
and other members of his family, were called to his bed
side, to receive his last earthly adieu a farewell that
the stoutest could not gaze upon without a tear. It
must he remembered that his was a domestic life ; and
his beloved partncr ignorant as h:mself of those fash
ionable formulas which sunder the husband from the wife,
felt for the firf t time the loneliness of a lcreaved heart,
and understood nothing ofthat rigid discipline that would
have dictated to her Go and weep in solitude society
decrees it.' Her abandonment and grief were truly
heart-piercing.
Letter from California.
The last Richmond Palladium publishes extracts
from a letter received by Joseph Parry of that coun
ty, from hii sou, George Parry, dated 5th mo. (May)
20th, 1S50. It appears from the manner of this date,
that at least one Quaker has ventured to go to Cali
fornia. He says :
"I have been at this place lour or nve days. It is a
small village, about 80 miles north-east of Sacramento
City. It is among the mountains a new placo just
sprung up. The mines in this district, have been and
still are rich. Some claims have been sold as high as
$17,000, I have been informed. H. McKinley told mo
he paid $10,000 for his claimx 90 fert, and expects to re
alize S 100,000 out of it- These claims are situated in a
grassv flat, rather a swamp, and the gold is obtained
from the depth of 4 to 15 feet. The claims arc all taken,
but some are offered for sale at hicrh rates however.
The miners have been quite successful in the ravines, as
they aro measurably dry : but the rivers are still too
hiffh, on account of the melting of the snow, for success
ful operations, and will probably continue flush for a
month to come-
Drunkenness is very common gambling is practised
in almost every ether house, in the streets and in the
woods. I have seen females in the gaming houses, with
their table or Faro bank, as it is called, gambling ; and
women are hired in these houses to play the violin, to
attract custom. But there is still a more abominable
trnlSc carried on here. tho sellinsr of females ! The
masters of ships brings them from New South Wales,
and other places on the condition that they are to be sold
for their passage money. On arriving in port at. San
Francisco, the master reports to consignees so much
flour, meat, Sec-, and such a number of women, subject
to his onler. There has been seine sold for several hun
dred dollars ; but they have become more plenty, and
E rices are reduced to, from $50 to &70. Some have
ecn sold as low as$15, but as slavery is not lawful in
tliis conntry, they are not apt to stay long unless they
are pleased w ith those who buy them.
The editor of the Albany Argus, whose location
enables him to have some idea of Mr. Fillmore's
opinions on the great subjects now agitating the coun
try, after noticing Gen. Taylor's death and the ac
cession of Mr. Fillmore to the Presidency, says :
Mr. FiLLMoaE is placed, by this dispensation of Prov
idence, in tho Presidential chair, and we trust will have
the aid of that same high Power to assist him in the dis
charge of Us responsible duties at this critical period in
tho allkirs of tho Nation. What his probable course
will be. we do not protend at this time to judge ; though
it is to Iks presumed that his administration will aim for
the adjustment of tho difficulties growing out of the ter
ritorial question, and prolmbly upon a basis not materi
ally at variance with the compromise bill now before tho
Senate. A short time will sutlice to determine the course
whW-h will Ite pursued.
Mr. Fillmore has two years and eight months of the
unexpired time of the lato President to serve ; and has
a signal opportunity to do substantial service to his coun
try. V u trust ho will do it.
5Thc wheat crop throughout the Slate of Indi
ana is now harvestedjand is unusually good; little,
if any, affected by the rust. The corn crop is back
ward, but the rcccut rains may bring it out. There
is scarcely any old wheat or com left in the State.
Northern and Southern Fanaticism.
The editor of the State Sentinel has recently, in
two numbers of this Paper, given his views very
freely on this subject. His first article, which treat
ed of Southern Fanaticism, was generally approved,
by abolitionists as well as all others ; but when, with
equal truth, he depicted the high handed measures
and feelings of a set of fanatics in the North, and
showed that the two widely different and conflicting
elements were now united to prevent legislation in
Congress, that would adjust all sectional diSicultes
by concession and compromise, he was called South
ern in his feelings, and the pajier denounced as the
"Sot.teern organ of the Democracy," by a paper
too, tiiat has no opinions on the subject, that it dare
to avow, and that, like the weather-cock on our
steeples, changes with every wind that blows. The
following letter, published in the New York Tri
bune, will give the true character of Mr. Seward's
friends in New York. E. B. Crocker, who figures
in the article as a citizen of Indiana, is known to
many of our readers. The editor of the Indiana
Journal is well acquainted with him, and as a friend
of William H. Seward, is bound to endorse at least
the resolution of applause given to that individual.
We are sorry to devote so much space in our paper
to the article, but in justice to the editor, who has
been holding up to censure such men at the North
who figured at the meeting at Syracuse, we are in
duced to publish it, more particularly as a citizen of
Indiana is represented to have taken a prominent
part in its deliberations.
Corraipoiuk-uee of The Tribune.
LIBERTY PARTY CONVENTION AT SYRA
CUSE. Syracuse, Thnrsday, July 4.
Friend Greeley : The Liberty Party" Convention
proceeded this morning to the nomiuasionof candidates.
The result was the presentation to the public of
For Governor, WM. L. CHAPLIN, of Albany.
For Lieut. Governor, Joseph Plumb of Erie Co.
For Canal Commis'r, John C. Harrington of Oswego.
For I'rison Inspector, David Plumb of Troy.
I stated yesterday that the third resolution was passed:
hut only some claues of it were adopted, leaving other
clauses for consideration to-day. lho clause lor the
prohibition by law of the sale of intoxicating drinks was
discussed this lorenoon. '
J. C. Hathaway moved to insert tobacco also, and
stated that 500 out of 700 intemperate convicts who
were conversed with on this subject, confessed that the
r.seot tobacco had occasioned their intemperance by in
ducing a taste and a desire for intoxicating drinks.
Gerrit Smith contended that the sale of intoxicating
drinks was a crhnc, because all the results of their use
as drinks are injurious and criminal. There is no safety
either oi lile or property in a community where such
drinks are used . He contended that the moderate drink.
cr was a drunkard ; the only difference between him and
the sot being that which exists between tho pi 2 and the
hog. A friend once told hira that he had observed that
all his bargains made before dinner were good ones,
while those made immediately after dinner were bad
ones ; and he found the difference was occasioned bv the
the effect on his mind of the wine ho was in the habit of
taking at dinner. It is true, he contended, that the
least quantity of intoxicating drink disturbs to a greater
or less extent the serenity and equilibrium of mind, and
therefore the moderate drinker is a drunkard.
Mr. Prnyneand Mr. Jackson opposed the preposition,
insisting that civU government has no right to deal with
remote evils, but only those which are directly airainst the
life, liberty and property of the citizen. If all immoral
ities are to be declared criminal and punished, where is
Government to stop ? The debate was earnest, and
characterized by many nice distinctions.
This, as well as the remaining clauses of the resolu
tion, as I gave it yesterday, were unanimously passed
those who opposed not voting.
The afternoon session was mainly occupied in discuss
ing the resolution declaring slave-stealing a high duty in
which all true philanthropists are bound to engage.
Stealing men into Slavery they denounce as the highest
crime that can be committed against Nature and God :
but the stealing of slaves into Freedom they sanction
I : 1' . .1 L - 1 Z m.
xuiu saiicmy as an ari tu nie eignest loveliness. lncre
was no oppositionlo this doctrine, and the time was oc
cupied by the agents of the under-ground Railroad in
relating their experiences. Wm. L. Chaplin stated that
since the organization of this anti-Slavery department in
New York in 135, over 2,000 slaves hail been passed in
safety from the South to the North ! He stated the cases
of about a hundred slaves whose right to freedom is now
pending in the various Courts of the South. These
cases are brought up through the instrumentality of the
Agents of the Society. One family claimed their free
dom bccau.se their maternal ancestor two centuries back
was a fiee woman and was kidnapped into Slavery,
which fact, if it can be proved, will liberate all her de
scendants, because the right of the mother, no matter
how far back, is the right of nil her descendants. "
At the evening session, tho Convention heard from Mr.
E. li. Crocker of South Bend, la., who gave a minute
account of the late attempt to carry off a family of ne
groes, and of tho trial, which resulted in a judgment
against him and seven others, to the value of the persons
claimed as slaves, and costs, amounting in all to over
$5,0(X). In consequence oi the public excitement, the
blave-hunters had concluded to abandon the negroes and
sue for their value. They aro now prosecuting forty or
fifty individuals of that section, under the law imposing
a hno of 500 for any interference in behalf of runaway
slaves.
It was proved that those Slaves had lcecn permitted
to cross the Ohio Iliver, at pleasure, and that they took
advantage of this to make their escape. The legal pre
cedents declare a slave who crosses the line with the
permission of his roaster becomes a freeman ; but Judge
McLean, before whom the case against Crocker and
others was tried, refused to charge the Jury to this ef
fect ; and on the contrary, so referred to the matter as
.to leave the impression with the Jury that it was of no
con.sequence ! Judge McLean is declared to be looking
toward the Presidency, and he has beea prostituting the
United States Court, the highest tribunal for the guar
antee of human rights, to the slave power ! On that
occasion he overruled a decision he made in Ohio some
years since, and followed the decision in the case of
Prigg vs. The State of Pennsylvania, from which ho
then most ably dissented. The Judge seems to have
very much fallen in the estimation of tho Anti-Slavery
men, and they are determined that he shall never be Pres
ident of the Republic'
Gerrit Smith, from the Business Committee, pre
sented the following resolutions ;
Resolved, That passing events do but deepen our con
viction that a certain religion is the greatest hindrance
to the deliverance of the slave.
Resolved, That every slavcholding government is but
a piracy ; and that hence if pirates invade Cuba, South
Carolina, Brazil or Georgia, there is no more reason
why abolitionists and believers in righteous civil govern
ment should sympathi7.e with the invaded than with tho
invading pirates.
Resolved, That the government is deeply unjust, which
disfranchises woman ; which denies its subjects to buy
and sell freely wherever they please ; which permits the
salo of intoxicating drinks ; which consumes tbi earn
ings of its shbjects in wars ; which tolerates and prac
tices land monopoly ; which refuses to the accused or tt
any party litigant, the right of hearing his c-smse tried
by judges and jurors, who are not members of secret so
cieties ; or which sanctions or permits the matchless
crime of slavery.
Rcwlrtd, That wo sympathize with William Lloyd
Garrison and tho American Anti-Slavery Society unife-:
the misrepresentations, reproaches, and mobocratic out
rages which they suffer; and that while others denounce
them as Infidel, we bid them persevere in the Cliristlan
work of overthrowing Slavery, tho sects and the current
religion.
Whereas, it is common to stigmatize as ncgro-stcal-ers
those who promote tho cseapa of American Slaves ;
Resolved, therefore, That, iu our judgement, sack negro-stealing,
notwithstanding it is denounced by a spu
rious humanity, and a spurious religion, will yet be ac
knowledged to be os bial and as honor n bio a'scnio as
any jicr to which a true humanity and a true religion
enll W J.
Wlureos, the Vigilance Committee in the City of New
York is doing much to promote this kind of negro-steal-
Resolved, therefore, That we commend said Commit
tee to the confidence and support of the members of the
Liberty Party.
"Whereas, American Slavery would quickly cease, were
there no market for its products ; and whereas, he who
furnishes the motive to sin, docs tLereby make tho sin
his own
Resolced, therefore, that the consumers of the products
of American Slavery are among those who arc responsi
ble for the continuance and for tho sin of American
Slavery.
W'lürras, the power of the' LuVrty Tarty against
Slavery would be immeasurably increased by the absti
nence of its members from slave produce
llesolved, Therefore, that we suggest whether it is not
the duty of them all to purify and strengthen their souls
and confirm their Anti-Slavery integrity, by adopting lho
self-denyinif measure.
Resolved, That if the American Colonization Society
must take to Lilcria any portiou of our free colored peo
ple, we should irreatly prefer that it be that portion of
iKpin miiltv r.f cKa frenr-lierr nil tinsenes fT fkplnnmnfr
I to pro-slavery, ecclesiastical aad pro-slavery political
parues,
Rerolvcd, That the hatred with which William II.
Seward is pursued on account of his declaration, that
there is an authority higher than that of human law, fur
nishes another painful evidence of the political t theism
of a large share of the American people.
Ii f soloed, 1 hat we invite the iricmls of nsrhteens civil
government, to meet in National Convention in the City
of Oswego, on the first Wednesday of October next (2d)
for the purpose of nominating candidates for the Presi
dency and Vice-Presidency ot the United States.
lours, He. Li. A. tlirvzL..
From the Terrc Haute Journal.)
To the Directors of the Terre Haute and Rich
mond Railroad Company.
Gentlemen; Since the last meeting of the Board,
the Union Track, connecting the dilierent roads termi
nating at Indianapolis, has been completed, and our own
road linished from the point of connexion to White
river, so as to enable the Madison company to deliver
the stone, brought up for the bridge, immediately on the
bank of that stream. The masonry for the bridge has
been let to a good and responsible contractor, on favor
able terms, and the work is progressing very well. The
grading of the balance of the road between this place
and Indianapolis, was put under contract on the 2sth of
June, at an average of about two and a half per cent,
below the engineer's estimate, and twctity-six and a half
per cent, payable in the stock of the company; so that
the grading and masonry of the whole line, between
those points, is now under contract or completed. Con
siderable more than half of the work U now done, and
the balance is progressing rapidly towards completion.
All the heavy work will be completed tho coming fall,
and the w hole lino will be ready for the superstructure
early next spring. And if the iron can be obtained, so
as to have it brought up the river early next spring, I
see nothing to prevent the completion of the road to In
dianapolis by the first of December, 1831.
The entire loss of the wheat crop last summer has
made it very difficult to obtain a further subscription to
our stock, or even to collect all that has fallen due on
former subscriptions j but as the present crop has never
been surpassed, I trust we shall be more successful the
present season. To enable us to meet all our engage
ments promptly, and pay off the small temporary loan
made last season, I have sold $37,700 of the Company's
six per cent, bonds, payable in five years from the first
of January, 1850. With this exception, we are entire
ly out of debt, and have a balance in the treasury of
$9,211 67, as w ill more fully be seen by the Treasurer's
report. And should the stockholders meet their pay
ments promptly, and our stock subscription be increas
ed (as we have every reason to anticipate) we shall
have no difficulty in meeting all our engagements, with
out resorting to a further loan, until the road is ready
for the iron. So soon as the road is finished, we shall
have a direct communication with the Ohio river, at
Madison, at all seasons of the year. The Bellcfontaine
company are progressing rapidly with their road ; hav
ing already laid down several miles of the track w ith
the heavy T rail. They expect to complete thirty miles
this season. When this road is finished, it will give us
a direct connection with several of the great eastern
roads; which, when united, form the great central road
to the Mississippi, by the way of Indianapolis and Ter
re Haute.
The citizens of Illinois, seeinsj the progress we are
making, begin to feel a deep interest in the extension of
the road west of the Mississippi. A large amount of
stock has been subscribed, and a company will be fully
organized, under the general law of tho State, the last
of tins month, with the intention of making a road from
the State line opposite this place to St. Louis. Another
company has a stock subscription of upwards of S170,-
uuu, intending to maxe a roau irom mis point to aiioq,
and expect to locate the road in a short time. I under
stand the citizens of Springfield have it in contempla
tion to organize a company for the purpose of extending
their western road to this place, so as to form a direct
line from Quiney, by Springfield, and connect here with
the great central or Atlantic: and Mississippi road.
When we look at the grand project uniting the east
with the great and growing west by this central road to
the Mississippi, and see the incalculable benefit it must
be to the whole country, and the profitable iuvestment
it must prove to the stockholders, we ought to redouble
our exertions to complete this part of the line as soon
as possible, so that we mav be able to step forward and
aid our friends in the carfy extension of the lines con
necting with u. C. ROSE, President.
Cholera at Shelbyville. .
Tho Shelbyville Volunteer of yesterday, July 19, says,
the Cholera has at lat visited our town in reality, and
although the cases have not been as numerous as in some
other places, yet it has been fata in its march, cutting
down several of our prominent citizens.
The following are the names of those who have fallen
victims to this dreadful disease, viz;
On tho 12th, David, a colored man.
Same day, Margaret Snider.
On the 14th? P. M., Jesse Adams.
. Do. in tho night, Mary Mic.hle.
On the 15th,5quire C. Daniels, of Ky.
On the 16th, A. M., Dr. Albert G. Webb.
Same day, P. M.. Abner Kelsey. '
On the 17th, Michael Kline.
Many of our citizens became alarmed and fled for the
country, and other points, for safety from tho afflicting
hand of Providence, aud we hope they maybe protected
in their retirement from tho fatal destroyer. .
A Taylor Office Holder in the Field.
' We learn that Caleb B. Smith has returned from
Washington, it is said for tho purpose of electioneering
for tho Taylor candidates in this District.. He holds on
to his ofUce as one of the Commissioners to settle Mex
ican claims and w ill, of course, draw his pay of $3 a
day while be is dictating to the people how they shall
vote. The Taylor leaders used to declaim loud and long
against " government officers interfering in elections
but wo -tupposo it will be all right now.
Caleb expects to be the administration candidate for
U. S. Senator next winter, should the Tayhirites l e able
to distract the Democracy, and thus obtain a majority in
the Legislature, a game they are trying very hard to
make work. Cale will no doubt exert himself to have
his fnends elected to tho Legislature, as he wants a Ion.
ger lease of office, than the term of the present admin
iHtration, which he never expects to see in power acain
He looks out for himself in time, having given tip all
other pursuits, intending to live by office the remainder
of his lifo. Jefersonian.
For the State fir ctinfl.
Unnecessary Alarm.
Quite an excitement has !ecn raised in this city on ac
count of some physicians having been called to a board
ing house at the corner of Illinois and Maryland streets
on Thursday morning to attend a young man recently
from Shelbyville, Waich case was soon erroneously re
ported to be cholera. Tho case was of spasmodic afTec
tion, produced from a disease to which he has been sub
ject for somo time past, and bearing no symptoms of tho
cholera. Wo believe there Is not now nor has been
more than one caso in tho city this season.
We advise our citizens to inquire into the truth of
inch reports before they give full crcdcnco to them.
E7Why is a newly opened dry goods store like a
house on fire? Because it starts all the blles.
BY TELEGRAPH,
From the Mdiou Pspcm.
St. Locis, July 13.
The City Register reports two buudrcd and twelve
deaths during the past week, of which seventy-seven are
reported to have occurred from cholera. Uf the whole
number 1 12 were cbilJren under rive vears. This state
ment shows a marked decrease of mortality from the
revious week.
Washixgtox, July 16, 8 P. M.
Senate. After the transaction of the morning busi
ness, the omnibus bill was taken up.
Mr. Kusk addressed the Senate iu reply to the remarks
made by Mr. Eenton yesterday relative to the northern
boundary of Texas, arguing at some length in favor of
the title of Texas to the Rio Grande.
Mr. Clay followed in defence of the action of the com
mittee relative to the boundary of Texas. After rsbu
kins Mr. Benton severelv for the estimate made bv Lim
yesterday of the sum to lie paid to Texas, aud his insin
uation that it was a scheme or auctioneering lor votes,
Mr. Clay proceeded with an argument to show that th
true line of New Mexico begins at El Paso, running to
the head of lied river, and tuence to the 42d parallel.
Mr. Benton pejoined, contending that Mr. Clay bad
evaded the question of boundary Hhat he had been d-
scribing the bounJarv of Chihuahua, and not the line
between Texas and New Mexico. He also replied to
Mr. Clay's rebuke of the language uttered by him, con
tending that his language was not personal, and that no
one had a right to call him to order.
Mr. Clay explained. He bad called Mr. Benton to
order fur saying that the bill was a scheme of auction
eering for votes to insure its passage, and thereby impu-
uns improper motives to equators.
1 he President ruled that the language was not per
sonal to Senators, inasmuch as Mr. Benton had denied
that he bad so intended it.
After some- further colloquy between Messrs. Benton
and Clay relative to the lioundary of New Mexico,
Mr. Webster rose to address the Senate upon the gen
eral merits of the bill, but yielded to a motion to itost-
pone the further consideration of the subject until to-morrow,
which was asrrced to.
Mr. Webster srave notice of his intention to offer a
bill for the erection of a monument to Gen. Zachiry
Taylor in the Congrersional buryinar ground.
The Senate then, after having spent some time in ex
ecutive session, adjourned.
Hocse. Mr. Stron otlered a resolutton that the de.
bate upon the report of the Committee of Elections
against the admission to a seat in the House cf Mr.
Smith, as delegate from New Mexico, shall cease in two
hours.
Several amendments were proposed, and finallr a mo
tion to end the debate on to-morrow was adopted.
Mr. Me vV übe, from the Committee on Printing, re
ported in favor of printing thirty thousand copies of all
the proceedings respecting the death of President Tay
lor. After considerable debate the resolution was adopted,
with an amendment that the printing of the pamphlet
shall be executed in conformity with existing laws and
contracts for printing for the House.
The House then went into committee on the report
of the Committee on Elections against the admission to
a scat in the House of the Delegates from New Mexico
Mr. Asho opposed the admission of Mr Smith, be.
cause it would all'ect the rights of Texcs to territory m
New Mexico.
Mr. Kaufman proceeded to advocate the claim of thu
Texan boundary. If Mr. Smith should lie admitted it
would be in effect the abolishment of a territorial gov.
ernraent by one House of Congress, and the damnge
thus done to Texas would I e productive of an excite- .
ment in that State which true patriots would deeply re
gret. The committee then rose and the House adjourned.
Ntw Yoek, July 17.
From New Orleans papers received by the mail wer
have dates from the city of Mexico to the 25th of June.
The cholera was still raring to a frightful extent, and
two hundred were dying daily. During one month there
had been eight thousand cases and two thousand seven
hundred deaths. At Zacatecas the cholera was erjually
as bad. The deaths were averaging eighty per day.
On account of the . prevalence of the cholera, the
Mexican Congress was unable to obtain a quorum.
It was rumored that at Vera Cruz the deaths by chol
era were avcraginir 1,000 per day.
The Porte's return was celebrated in grand style iu
the city of Mexico.
The approaching Presidential election is exciting
much interest. One paper mentions Santa Anna, who
is ineligible, not being a resident.
Cincinnati, July IS, 8 P. M. :
The interments for the twenty-four hours ending at
noon were twenty-nine of cholera and forty-five of otbcr
diseases.
LorisviLLE, July 13, 8 P. M.
The number of interments for the twenty-four hours
ending Tuesday evening, was nineteen, of which three
were cholera. The number of deaths for the twentv
four hours ending on Wednesday evening was seven '
teen, of which seven were cholera.
Nashville, July IS, 8. P. M.
The nnmber of intermentr for the twenty-four hours
ending at 3 o'clock, P. M., to-day was fourteen, of
which nine were of cholera .
Halifax, July 16.
The ship Viceroy has been finally abandoned. The
hull will !c sold on "the 23th at Yarmouth.
Washington, July 17, 8 P. M. -
Senate. Mr. Webster introduced a bill directing tho
erection on the Congressional burying ground of a mon
ument to Gen. Taylor, late President of the United
States, which was passed. "
After the morning business, the omnibus bill was ta
ken up.
Mr. Webster said it had been his intention on Tues
day of last week to follow Mr. Cutler, and say what he
had to say oa this bill, but before the ScnatOi had con
cluded bis remarks the Senate adjourned in consequence'
of the illness of the Presideut, which terminated ia his."
death- - -
After a few touching remarks relative to the death of.
the President and the consequences arising therefrom,1
and an eloquent allusion to the circumstances of hLv
death in the consciousness of duty performed, and of the
honor, gratitude, and love of his country, Mr. Webster
proceeded to say what he had designed to say before the;
decease of the President. The longer the puestion was
postponed the greater would Ikj the agit.ttion.
IIocse. The House went into committee of the
whole on the state of the Union, and resumed the con
sideration of the resolution of the committee oa elec
tions; that it is inexpedient to admit IIurh Smith to a
seat in the House as Delegate from New Mexico.
Mr. Bayly remarked that Mr. McGaughey had toll
the committee that the question was of little consequent
to Mr. Smith himself, because New Mexico will soon bo
here with her constitution, aiiing leave far admission as
a State and that a majority in Congres will be in favor
of her admission. -
Mr. Howard said that the admission of the Delegate
was not of so much importance as the effect it would
have on the pnblio mind of Texas.
The unfavorable accounts of cholera las been alarm
ing some members about home; and there is a disnoM
tion to wind up or snap off the Congressional thread ab
ruptly. '
Philaeelfhia, July 17, 8 P. M.
Galveston papers of the 10th nit. state that large
meetings to consider the recent action of the people of
New Mexico had been held on the battle rround of
San Jacinto, Ashbell Smith presiding. Resolutions were
ftassed to support tho government of Texas and to cn
orce jurisdiction over tho rebellious territory.
A letter frora Austin states thst the Legislature will
meet in August. It will assemble thus early in order
to give the troops the advantage of the summer months
for marching. Steps arc also being taken to orgar.izo
companies of volunteers for Santa Fe. - ,
Washi-vgtox, July 17.
The National Intelligencer of this raornin? sny that,
information has iust been received from Cuba, which
Sromises a most happy and immediate termination of all'
ifficullics between the authorities of that Wand and
our government, growing out of the J-opcz expedition.
Nothing is definitely known about th-s Cabinet, except
that all the present memlers will go out.
Tho chances of the Compromise bill, with some
amendments, is improvintr.
Rev. Mr. Gurley. chaplain of the House, is very sick.
fand there is a good deal of sickness in Washington.
This fact, together with the accounts or tho progress of
tho cholera in the West, make it probable that the mem.
hern of Congress will insist on a speedy adjournment.
If

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