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Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis) 1841-1853, August 01, 1850, Image 2

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INDIANA STATE SENTINEL
WILLIAM J. B R OWN, Editor:
IXDLVXAPOLIS, AUGUST lr1850.
MARION COT7XTY DEKOCBATIC TICKET.
For Senatorial Delegate A. F. MORRISON.
( JAMES JOHNSON,
For Rep. Delegates J. P. CHAPMAN,
I LEVI L. TODD.
CBEM. MORGAN, "
For Revrettntatkes 2 MADISON WEBB,
(P. HOSBROOK.
For Sherif CHARLES C. CAMPBELL.
For Treasurer JOHN M. TALBOTT--For
Auditor ISAAC W. HUNTER.
For Probate Judge ADAM WRIGHT.
For County Com'r MATTHEW R. HUNTER. -For
Coroner PETER F. NEWLAND.
ICThe Office of the Indiana State Sentinel is
remored to the Three Story Building, in the
centre of the city, opposite the Telegraph Office
and Odd Fellows' IlalU
Agents.-
The following persons arc authorized to receive Sub
scriptions for the " Sentinel:"
Johxsov Cocstt Dr. J. F. Pxggs, Franklin..
Tin-ox Cou.vtt W. F. Brady, Tipton.
All Postmasters, so disposed, will please act as our
Agents. '
Indiana State Sentinel".
We have been seTcral times tempted to give ex
tracts from Indiana papers and others, noticing the
State Sentinel under its present editor. But we de
termined at the outset, not to use any of the usual
means of obtaining notoriety, although, under present
circumstances, it would be perfectly justifiable, if
not absolute! necessary, as a self-vindication. Cer
tain whig- prints have been constant in their abuse
and misrepresentation for several weeks; but they
have now ceased their work their cannons are
spiked.
Both whig and democratic papers, throughout the
State, are pleased with the appearance of the Senti
nel in its new dress, and the New Albany Ledger
justly says "The mechanical department of the
Sentinel is under the direction of Mr. Bosworth, late
of this city, than whom there is no better printer in
the State or out of if.""
The editor and assistant editor are too old to be
spoiled by compliments, but we must confess, that
some things have been said of us that are rather
grateful" to our feelings.
As wc are now printing a paper that neither whigs
nor democrats are ashamed of, we hope that uur
friends will seize upon the present propitious moment
to procure subscribers There is no farmer but can
spare enough from his present wheat crop to procure
a Sentinel for at least one year.
We have endeavored to accommodate the public,
by placing the Sentinel at the lowest possible rates
that we can live by and- print a good paper. Three
copies, it will be seen by our terms, can- be prscured
for five dollars five copies for eight dollars; and
ten copies for fifteen dollars, and an extra copy
thrown in for procuring the ten subscribers. This
will make our paper come about as low as the dollar
papers of the East counting the difference v post
age whose news, in these days of telegraphs, will
be a week or ten days behind us, and give nothing
of the local transactions of the State in which all are
so much interested. We intend to make an effort to
print a paper that will drive the circulation of thou
sands of eastern papers, having no common sympa
thy with the people of Indiana, from amongst us.
AN e know we can do it in lime. It will only be
rü j?:..arv for the editor of this naner to make a few
stump speeches on the subject, in each county, to
accomplish the work, if we do not do it before he
leaves Congress. Recollect the next year or six
months will cover the Convention and the Lrgislature.
Clubs of three, five and ten are pouring in daily, and
we want all to have the benefit of our paper. Busi
ness men begin to see that it is their interest to ad
vertise in the Sentinel, and with our small type wc
can crowd 'a great many advertisements into our
columns, without drawing much on the room neces
sary for other matter. So come on.
Ceremonies iü honor of General Taylor at In- Great Eastern and Southern Railroad passing
dianapolis. , through Indianapolis.
On Saturday last, agreeably to appointment, many Events are daily trapirmg that proves most etm-
of the citizen of Indianapolis, and several from the clusivcly that Indianapolis, from its central position,
country, met at the Wesley Chapel, in this city, for will soon-have facilities of communication, with all
the purpose of raxinj? their respects to the memory parts of the Union, superior almost to any city in
of General Taylor, late President of the United the nation. We have already Railroads, either pro-
Stares. hected or in progress, diverging to every point of the
Huon O'Neal, Esq., having declined the ap- compass. Our attention has been latterly fixed upon
pointment, on account of ill health, Mr. J. D. De- great Southern work but little thought of. Judge
frees delivered the Oration the Rev. Mr.. Jami- Hall, the President of the Evansville and Illinou
son having opened the exercises of the occasion by Railroad Company, and formerly Lieutenant-Gover
I f l. ci.i. ii r, I i
praver. nur ui iuc otaic, a ji'iiueiimii nuii'u lur (iruucuic aim
I .
The Rev. Edward R. Ames, the Presiding El- caution in all matters of public policy, has recently
der of this District of the Methodist Sooth Indiana made a report, to which we invite the attention of
Conference, then delivered one of the ablest Eulo- our readers. The great work, or Railroad, which
gies on the Life, Character, and, Public Serv ices of he brings to view, from Charleston, in South Caro-
General Taylor which we tliink will be delivered in lina, to the cities ol rsew lorfc, Philadelphia, and
any part of the Union. His description of General Boston, passing through Indiana and Indianapolis, is
Taylor's first military achievement the defence of no ephemeral measure. It has already elicited the
Fort Harrison, on- the Wabash, in our own State, attention of some of the ablest minds ol the nation,
was delineated with a master hand. He brought the and will be a work, when- completed, better calcu-
whoie scene' most vividly before his hearers. The lated to cement the bonds of Union and intercourse
little stockade fort, seventr miles from anv settle- than any other work in America. . Judge Hall com
ment, with its rude battlements, and small band of sol- mences his report by the following introductory re
diers, most of them disabled by sickness being only marks:
about fifteen or twenty effective men the young com- "Although the Charter authorizes the Company to
mander.mmseii.j.mnseniromasiCkDea.wunnvcor thc tcrminu, 0f the Wabash and Erie Canal, and the
six women in the fort to share the common danger, principal commercial city in South-western Indiana, via
and this party opposed by more than four hundred Princeton, to a point on the Wabash river, opposite to
1 . J ' ...... T, - .. lt . Mt. Carracl, in the State of Illinois: yet it is the hxed
"lu"u TToniuujituwj ii w" rmroose ot the company to extend their road, either bv
of the savages, the terror of the women, and the fort connecting with other Railroads, or by a direct route, to
in flames-all were brought before us by the orator; Indianapolis, the Capital ol the Mate ol Indiana, i lie
, , , , , , . i distance from Evansville to Mt. Carmcl is 40 miles, the
ana mere siooa uenerai lavwr.ioo, cooi ana coi- distance from Evansville to Indianapolis is about 170
lected, the master spirit of the occasion, and who miles. Indianapolis is the focus to which nearly all thc
successfully resisted the apparently overwhelming Kailroods in Indiana converge. That point gained, and
force that appeared against him; and in his report Railroad', now in a rapid state of completion, a direct
to the War Denartment onlv modestlv savincr. at this railroad communication to-tho Atlantic cities.
i . :. j:r...n ir. " While the East and West are absorbed in thc crcat
next followed him into Florida, and finally ended in their interest, and are extensively engaged in making
a description ol his military career in Mexico, giv
railroads. Georgia, North and South Carolina, and
TnnnncuAA n i-a nst rf u nnnrn rrciA in fk vvru'lr itf tViift fliflF.
ing a graphic and minute account of each important actcr."Thc Nashville 'and Chattanooga Railroad is
battle. After reviewing his brief career as Presi- nearly finished. The tunnel through the Cumberland
dent of the United States, and the circumstances at- '"'tain-amongst the grandest enterprises ever un
tending his death, closed by relating his own brief When finished, there will he a direct railroad communi
personal acquaintance with the deceased, of some two cation torn the city of Nashville, in Tennessee, to the
, , . ,. r :: iqo citv of Charleston, in South Carolina. The distance
weeks, ata post on our south-western Irontier in 1343, 4- - . . tr 1 v - 1.. .1 -1,:
' 1 . ' irom Nashville to Henderson, Kentucky, on thc Ohio
where the speaker held a series of religious meet- river, (ten miles south of Evansville, Indiana, is J30
ings which the General and other officers attended miles- By tho joint acts of the Legislatures of the
l.T. 1 . . 1 .1 . . . . . ... . , States of Tennessee and Kentucky, a company has been
with much interest, showing that military life had incorporatod to construct a railroad connecting the last
not made General Taylor inattentive to the high named places. When that link in the chaia shall be
claims of religion. He was invited to his quarters, , and the other worRs now m progress shall be
and for several days enjoyed his hospitality little flvc vears,) there will be a continuous railroad commu-
dreaminir he would ever be called
.1 , 1 . , . , 1 1 through Central Ohio, to Indtanapobs, tho Camtal of
uie solemn uuiy in vuiicn ne was men
In relation to the perpetuation of our free institu- will soon bo placed in railroad connection with Mobile,
tions Mr, Ames advanced an idea, which he carried I Savannah, and Charleston passing in its progress
1 thrnnrrli tlur rwli rrrn in.rrrnw inrr Vn1o nf IImki And In.
out with much force and eloquence, that in the illus- lhe hemp and tobacco" region of Kentuekr and
trious dead, perhaps, more than the
a strnnr tie that binds our countrv
w 1 iiiniLiuanoiis must nrove 10 no 01 "rem inn
fame of the dead in our country is the common pro- only to the stockholders, hut to the traveling public from
rertv of the living. It is (something that rannot be the' Mississippi Valley to the Atlantic cities. That por-
,. r j 1 1 . . 1 r 1 tion of the road lying between the citv of Evansville, in
divided, and who knows but, under Providence, it Vanderbnrch county, and Princeton, Gibson countv,
may ai last. De me great means 01 saving me Linon, a distance ol Ho l- miles, has been surveyed, located,
The idea is one worthy of the roost serious con- anrt P,ac.cU nnüe,r contract. 1 he work i now rapidly
.... J progressing, and will probably be completed, ready for
consideration, ; .i. r .1, .t ti, t
f 'nut nf t Vi i rn rt 4C tlm rk!tl I nli i n rr t iir tnt nf n T
Death of Lncins II. Emmons, Esq. raiI ;s 23'J,000 rthis does not include cars, looomo-
A letter from Noblesville, dated the 26th of July, tives, and depots) to pav for which, the company have
1S50, to the publisher of this paper, contains the in- procured itions to the amount of 9,5W: that
r . is to anv. S TOO (MIO tiv the eitv nf F.vansville. SlOfl.OOO
A-ll! il. 1 T-" Tk ri 1: - " v ---j J - 7 .
leuigence 01 uie ueam 01 ir. juiinuua. xuc iui- by the ceunty Df Vanderburgh (Iwth by a vote or the
lowing is an extract: I people in its favor, at special elections held for that pur-
t ,. r m tn rrlt n,i n linn ibn pose) and 579,500 in private or individual subscriptions
AAt O XJIUtllV'UJ IULJ " lV aaxi - w i -ill 11 f 1 I 1 1
supposes vou will be looking for Mr. Emmons at your company wi n be auie to lurnisn tne road complete,
From Oregon.
We Lave received the Oregon spectator of the
16th of May, containing proceedings of tho legis
lature then in session; also the Message of Governor
Lane to the Legislative Assembly, delivered on the
7th of thc same month. It is a plain, business docu
mentjust such a message as might be expected
from the old General, brief and satisfactory on every
point
lt will be recollected by the readers ol the renu-
nel, that several slanderous letters were published
last winter in the New York Tribune, signed " Lans-
dalc,,, and noticed as calumnies in the Sentinel.
One of these letters purporting to be from a professed
democrat in Oregon, in which, speaking of Governor
Lane he said :
"The associates of his Excellency appeared to be
selected not from the excellent of the earth, but from
tboi-e who drank very much whiskey that was not ex
cellent, and who had not left the most excellent reputa
tion in the States. I do not wish it to be mlerred lrom
these remarks that I have ever seen our Governor drunk,
nor that I find fault with him for selecting his own asso
ciates. I think he had a perfect right to do it. All I
mean to affirm is, that a very larre majority of our citi
zens do not approve of the taste evinced by him in select
ing his associates. This much I will say, however, that
although I am a Locofoco, as you know, yet I would
be happy to learn that be had been removed"." ,
This "Lansdale'i now appears without a local
habitation, or a name in Oregon. At an election for
member of the council to fill a vacancy for the coun
ty of Yam Hill, 0. T., in the town of Lafayette, on
the 4th of May, 1850, the following preamble and
resolutions were unanimously adopted :
Whereas. A certafn letter has this dav been rend tn
thia meeting from tho " New York Weekly Tribune,"
oi January mt, ISoO, dated Sent, 8th, 14J. over the
fictitious signature of " Lansdale," grossly abusing our
esteemed citizen and chief executive officer, Gov. Lane,
while pretending to represent his standing and influence
among the people ot Oregon:
Resolved, That in the unanimous opinion of this meet
ing, the charges contained in said letter against Gov
Lane,-are. entirely without foundation ; ars false and
untrue; and if made by a resident of this Territory
as they profess to be are meanly malicious as the au
thor must Lave Known better.
On motion of F. B. Martin,
Resolted, That all who wish to sustain the resolution
and Gov. Lane, and condemn the letter and its nnthor,
sign their names to the resolution: that the certificate
of tho clerk of thc District Court, certft'ving that they are
lnuaiiiianis oi lam inn county, ne an acuta to the list.
On motion, a copy of these proceedings and a list of
the names is directed to be sent to theT Oregon Spec
tator, New York Weekly Tribune, and Washington
Union, for publication.
These resolutions were signed by over one hun
dred persons, who participated in the meeting, which
are omitted a3 unnecessary. General Lane appears
to be a universal favorite amongst the people of Ore
gon. " Lansdale," if he ever had an existence in
Oregon, must have felt very cheap.
I im ts-v -w iF-kn K nBiMfn Knwm n in. ii'i.'nol
place, unless vou have heard ot their oittUMious : but il -r y "",".' i"'i uu.iM.uUii
vou look vou wil! 1 ok in va?n. We can hnrd'.j realize stock-leaving thc county and city subscriptions to be
it; but it is true that Mr. Emmons and his vounest applied in the purchase of the iron, locomotives, cars,
child are both dead and buried. They arrived here on wLlch 111 probably cost $100,000."
Marion County.
We are pleased to learn, that the democratic can
didates for Representatives in this county have made
a good impression, wherever they have gone and
made speeches, and they have canvassed thc county
very generally. They are all farmers, and identified
with thc prosperity of the county in every particular.
The whigs, in town, have abandoned the idea of
electing any other of their ticket for the Lcgülature
than young Coburn, and therefore, some of his friends
are ready to trade off any part of the ticket to secure
voles for him. We trust the voting democrats of
Indianapolis, to whom this appeal has been made,
will stand true to their political integrity. Wc
would be glad to advance the interests of our young
friend in any other way than by political promotion.
He first came before the people of Marion county in
rather a questionable shape for either whigs or demo
crats to support him. It will be recollected that the
first announcement of Ids name, in the Indiana Jour
nal, was as the candidate of the Liberty party. This
was cither a ruse to get abolition votei, or a reality
tliat we think will not be very palatable in certain
quarters. We understand that, in one of las speech
es, he squinted very strongly in favor of the election
of an abolition United States' Senator. He is entirely
too young a man to commence ih political career
Iy deception, and for Ids own good we hope he will
be defeated. It will be a lesson for him to commence
right in politics. Honesty is the best policy in poli
tics as well as in every thing else. We hope our
democratic friends will be a unit in the Representa
tative ticket.
Friday evening about bed-time and Sunday morning he
was taken with the cholera. W e succeeded in partially New York Whis Barnburners I
...... . 13
checking the disease when lever sot in, and no lived itn- The A) Evcnjnff Journal, the organ of Mr
tie girl was taken on Thursduy and only 'lived a few Seward, and the Albany State Register, the organ
hours. Mrs, E. herself is very unwell, and nearly over- of Mr. Fillmore, are at open warfare, in relation to
come with trouble and griel." the new President. The Evening Journal, the lead-
Mr. Emmom, for several years past, has been en- whig Barnburner paper of the State, threatens
gaged as a clerk in the General Post Office, frcm Mr. Fillmore, if he favors Mr. Clay's Compromise,
which employment, like many others, he had leave that they will abandon his administration. The fol-
of absence, on account of his Democracy, although, lowing is the language used, which is too significant
while at Washington, he was remarked as a quiet of the course of Mr. Seward and his party to be mis-
retirinrr man. srarrrlv evpr rbfnidinnr hio nnininns understood
. n - - n - i
on others. He had just returned to his old residence j
at Noblest ille, when he was met by the grim de-
strove r.
Joseph Usher, Esq., the editor of the Jeffer
sonville True Republican, died of cholera at that city
on Monday the 22d inst. By this dispensation the u u cxtracted into h;s paper sap that the whole
democratic party nave lost a warm ana zeaious ue- arlicle is jn lhe Ej;,ors worst tone and lernpr. He
renews his impotent threats and his poor efforts at
intimidation. Having brought in a narrow plank,
turned up edgewise, which he has borrowed from an
oulsid: platform, he says, to a Whig President, and
the whole National Whig party, come up and stand
on this, or I will abandon you. He threatens thc
President distinctly, with this defection, unless he
will come to hi. prescribed terms; he informs him
explicitly, that himself and his tail, whom he mod
estly denominates 'the rank and file of the Whig
party the. men tcho make Presidents and require
manifestations of sympathy in return, may be driven
to Siek wore congenial associations!1 "
Thus, we see, the Devil having been raised among
the Democrats of New York, he is determined not
to be laid until he gives the Whig party, also, a taste
of 1Ü3 peculiar quality
fender of their doctrines.
Mr. Dunham, of Indiana.
We arc gratified to notice that extracts have been
taken from this gentleman's California speech and
published in the eastern papers, not only on accouut
of the principles he advocates, but as specimens of
eloquence.
The first half of Mr. Dunham's speech, in com
mittee of lhe uhole, on the President's Message
transmitting the Constitution of California, was pub
lished in our last semi-weekly, ami will be found on
the outside of this day's weekly. We had intended
to complete the publication qf the speech in this
number; but are compelled to postpone it until our
next. We trust our readers will preserve both num
bers of the paper, and give the whole speech an at
tentive perusal. Mr. Dunham is an industrious and
is destined to be a useful member in Congress.
Democratic Meeting of the German Citizens of
Marion County.
The German Citizens of Marion county will hold
a meeting at the Court House on Saturday afternoon,
the 3d of August, at 5 o'clock.
(55- Dr. Ciolina of Columbus has accepted an invi
tation to be present at the meeting, and will address
the same.
Appointments by the Governor
Samuel B- Gookixs, of Terre Haute, to be
Circuit Judge of the 7th Judicial District of Indiana,
in place of the Hon. John Law resigned; to take
effect from and after the 31st day of July, 1850.
Rev. GnonGE B. Jocelyjt, of New Albany,
Indiana, lo be Chaplain of thc State Prison for one
year, to take effect from and after the 5th day of Sep
tember 1330.
(j7Scveral of the Germans who arrived at tliis
city on lhe railroad, direct from their father-land, a
short time since, have died since- their arrival, and
fome of tliin it is supposed from cholera. Our citi
7.cn are not alarmed; but we should all take neces
sary precautions to prevent an outbreak of the dis
eaie in the city. - We have been greatly blessed thus
far, and with the smiles of Providence we may con
tinue free lrom thc pestilence. It 13 our duty to be
gia. i. 1 in our living, and use all proper prrcaüi di.
" If President Fillmore, thc hih office and sacred
mantle of Gen. Taylor, with all their responsibilities
and trusts, having fallen upon him, falters, wo shall aban
don his administration. And 'if tliis be triason, tJten
make the most of it.' "
The editor of the Albany State Register, com
menting on this paragraph, and the article from which
CCSThe editor of the Indiana Journal is quite in
dignant at thc remark of the Sentinel, in relation to
the anii-American sentiments of Thomas Corwin in
the Senate" of the United States, on the Mexican
war; and he would gel off on a quibble, as many
have attempted to do before him, that the precise
language of Mr. Corwin has not always been quoted,
We know, from the testimony of hundreds of brave
volunteers, then in Mexico, that when this infamous
speech was received, translated and published in
Spanish in the Mexican papers, that it produced a
spontaneous gush of indignation against its author,
and he was burned in effigy, as, perhaps, might
have been lhe case with the author, had he been pre
sent. It is easy to pronounce tlie words "infamous
falsehood," but we presume it will be hard for the
Indiana Journal to prove to the people of Indiana
that Thomas Corwin is a patriot. He may say, that
Thomas Corwin, in a revised publication of his
rV--h, modified his language; but we dare the edi
tor to publish the passage from tliis Mexican speech
above alluded to. .
There is no wonder the editor of thc Journal feels
sensitive on this subject. When Com in 's speech
made its appearance, it was at a dark period in the
Mexican war. Thc opposition to President Polk
had been wrought up to the most hellish fury, and
such was the Journal's confidence that all was lost
in Mexico, that on publishing Corwin's speech the
editor, as is most usually the case with lum, went
off half cocked, and declared in flaming characters,
"It is a fixed fact that Thomas Corwin will be the
next President." "A regard for Whig principles
forbids the nomination of General Taylor!" "
Extract from Corwin's Mexican Speech.
"The Senator from Michigan savs, we will be two
hundred millions in a few vears, and we want room. If
I were a Mexican I would tell yoo, "Hare imu not room
in your own country to bury ijour drad tuen? If ytu come
into mine ire irill greet you triA bloody hands, un l welcome
you to hoxpitanle graves:' 1 nomas Corwin's speech ; de
livered in the U. S. Senate Feb. 11, 1847 copied from
ureelv s Wins Almanac ol 145.
Tliis is from thc revbed edition of Mr. Corwin's
speech, and precisely the same from which it was
translated into Spanish and published in the Mexican
papers, copies of which were found with our effptur-
cd enemies; and this is lhe language that the cdi
tor of the Journal believed would make Tom Cor
win President of the United States. Who has told
the "infamous falsehood," the editor of the Journal
or the editor of the Sentinel? Which paper should
acknowledge itself an infamous libeller?"
The Epectiojt. Here it is. onlv a littl more than
a week until the election, and the " local " of the ' Sen
tinel," alter pulling and blowing, and begging and scrib
bling, for four weeks, has lccn unable to raise any excite
ment about it. People tcUl vote just as they please, and
that he don't like. Pity that every body did not look
through his spectacles. " They would do exactly right,
then, certain: Indiana Journal.
If wc had the courtciy and politeness of thc editor
of the Journal, or of his fat assistant, we woulJ pro
nounce the above a " contemptible falsehood." As
it is, it i3 only necessary to publish the above lo
show that these gentlemen have been dreaming.
They, or at least one of them, attended a whig cau
cus last winter and thought their triggers were all
so well set that the Democrats would be caught nap
ping, and that they would be sure of carrying the
Legislature, if not the Convention. The Journal
editor would have the people believe that he is no
partisan that he would as soon vole for a Democrat
as a Whig. We hate a hypocrite above all tilings,
and knowing that the editor would do anything to
gain a whig vote, we have only been- free to express
our opinions. The very thing we want is for the
people to vote as they please not that they should
be either wheedled or threatened out of their votes.
Democracy has nothing to fear when the people vote
their true sentiments, and such we think will be the
case in the coming e:ections in Indiana.
' MrAxxiiss. The editor of thc Journal, with his
cliaractcristic regard for trutli, says, that the expenses
of General Taylor's funeral is published in the Sen
tinel to make political capital! We published an
article from tl.c New York Tribune censuring the
expenditure, and. wc think Greely will be sustained
bv a v 11 as dejuot it.!'.
Southern Press and the Compromise.
From the lone of the Washington Southern Press,
there is little prospect of the ultra men of the South
yielding their support to any compromise that can
be adopted. From thc following article, published
on the morning of the 20th inst., we may gather the
views of southern politicians in a condensed form on
several subjects. They are altogether too unyield
ing, we believe, for their own good. Thc Southern
Press says:
We announced several weeks ago tho probable failure
of thc Compromise plan of tho Committee ot thirteen
Another paper in tins city has wasted many columns ol
predictions that it would succeed, and of arguments in
its favor. But now thc impending failure ol tho bill is
admitted. .
1 Those who have hitherto supported it will now choose
between a division of tho acquired territory, between
the orth and bouth, or a total denial in word, as wel
as in deed, of all Southern right whatever to that terri
tory. The alternatives are very plain they are diamet
rically opposed and their consequences respectively are
very obvions. liy one tue Union can be preserved by
the other it cannot. -
By the attempt to exclude the South from all share in
the territory acquired, the country has already been
brought into a revolutionary condition.
The functions of Congress have been paralized for
seven months. J he Lxecutive has been brought to tho
verge of conflict with a soveieign State. A vast extent
of territory has been left without government. And an
inflammatory sectional contest has been excited. Wo
are now to see how much real love of Union remains.
We shall now ascertain how much of the professed love
of it is a mere lust of the power and spoils to be won by
an abuse of its authority. '
(7It is reported, that the Senators of Uie Western
States have held a caucus, in Convention w ith the
friends of the Compromise, and it was agreed to re
fer the question of the boundary of Texas to Com
missioners for settlement. If this be true, it is re
garded as securing the passage of a Compromise
P.Ul. - ' ;
They Jump Jim Crow!
The Springfield Illino'u Register of thc 2olh in it.
contains the following paragraph, which shows that
the whig prints of that Stale, as well as of Indiana,
are pursuing the true instincts of their nature, wliich
is to follow the dispensers of patronage. It appears
that there is a Springfield Journal, as well as, an In
diana Journal, and that they are of the same kidney.
The Register says:
The Journal of yesterday is out in a Fignificant para
graph in favor of tho compromise a measure which' the
Journal opposed up to the day of the death of thc Prcsi
dt?at. This is as we predicted on the happening of that
event. We believe that at that time not a whig paper
except the Alton Telegraph was in favor of the compro
mise bill. On the contrary, they were violently opposed
to it. Nov we find them all rallying for it. Such is
the flexibility of whig principles.
A Hit at the Times.
The New York Day Book is the author of the fol
lowing: - ' "
SVDVZS ANP U-VACCOCNTABLE DtSSAPrEARAXCE OF
more than oxE THOUSAND Citizens. Between the
hours of ten o'clock on Tuesday night and sunrise Wed
nesday morning, there suddenly disappeared from our
midst one thousand able bodied citizens, heretofore.
known as the peculiar friends of Wra. H. Seward, and
their places were irstnntancouMy tilled with the warm
est and -most devoted friends of a gentleman by tho
name of Millard Fillmore, formerly a resident of Buff 1I0
in this State, but more recently Vice-President of the
United States, Most of those who disappeared so mys
teriously, hold situations in the Custom House: and
strange to say, those who appeared the next morning
as friends of Mr. Fillmore went directly to tho desks of
the absentees-without as mueli as saying bv your
leave." We are not informed whether the Collector's
chair was filled by one of them or not, hut ve presume
from the nature ol things that it was.
Washington Correspondence.
Washixctos City, July 22, 1850.
The members of the new Cabinet have been ap
pointed and confirmed by the Senate. They are as
follows : " - -
Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, Secretary of
State.
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, Secretary of thc Trea
sury. ' .
James A. Pearcc, of Maryland, Secretary of the
Interior.
Edward Rales, of Missouri, Secretary of War.
William A. Graham, of North Carolina, Secretary
of the Naw.
Nathan K. Hall, of New York, Post Master Gen
eral. N '
John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, Attorney Gen
eral.
As I predicted in my last, tliis is an old-fashioned
Whig Cabinet.
Daniel Webster is well known to Uie country. He
entered Congress in 1813 as a Representative from
the Portsmouth District, New Hampshire. He was
a federalist, and a violent opponent of the war. . From
that day to this he has been an open and fearless ad
vocate of his principles. First a Federalist, then a
National Republican, now a Whig; and although
party names have changed, his principles have al
ways been the same. His appointment was most
strenuously opposed by the New England Free Soil
Whigs, on account of his desertion of the Wilmot
proviso and his advocacy of the Compromi?e. It is
said that no whig north of Pennsylvania favored his
appointment, and his final success proves the firm
ness of President Fillmore and his opposition to the
" Wilmot." He is a gentleman of great experience
and undoubted talents.
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, the man of bloody hand
and hospitable graves memory, is the Secretary of
the Treasury. Corwin is an orator, a gentleman of
some talents, but I predict his administration of the
Treasury will be a signal failure. He is not a man
of industrious habits unaccustomed to the severe
details of a strictly administrative office. Nineteen
democrats voted against his confirmation. It was,
however, urged by Mr. Clay, on the ground that al
though Corwin was nominally for the Proviso, bis
heart was for the Compromise, and he had had the
discretion and good sense to say nothing on this or
any other subject during this talking session. Be
this as it may, Thomas Corwin Was the sugar plum
thrown to the abolitionists to soothe their angry feel
ings, occasioned by the appointment of Webster.
James A. Pearce is a gentleman and a scholar, a
whig, a partizan, and an antiquarian. But I have
just learned that he declines the honor intended
thinking that five years in the Senate is better than
two years in the Cabinet. Sensible.
m
. - n. w
Ldward Bates is a lawyer ot bt. lxtuis. lie was
a federal member of Congress from Missouri during
the administration of Mr. Adams. He has a high
reputation as a lawyer, but ha3 never distinguished
himself as a politician or a statesman. His last con
troversv was with Col. Benton, and was of a most
bitter and personal character. He has had no expe
rience of an administrative character.
William A. Graham was once a member of the
United States Senate, and afterwards Governor of
North Carolina. He is an amiable gentleman, of
respectable talents, conservative in his views, and,
with the southern whigs, is a popular appointment.
Nathan K. Hall is emphatically a New York poli
tician, but unknown to fame. He was formerly the
law partner of Mr. Fillmore, was a member of the
30th Corfgress from the City of Buffalo, but was de
feated in the nomination for the 31 st Congress by the
influence of the Sewardites. He then desired the
appointment of Governor of MInesota; but Seward
again defeated him; his enemies were appointed to
the most important offices at Buffalo. N. K. Hall's
recommendation was death to a New York ofiice-
secker. j
What a change! The rejected stone Is now a con-!
spicuous one in the Whig arch. He will be the " con
fidence man" of President Fillmore. His manage
ment secured his nomination at Philadelphia. He
has much political sagacity, and will not only sweep
the country clean of Democratic Postmasters, but
will cleanse the Augean stable of Sewardism and
abolitionism, and every other ism, but true and una
dulterated whlggery. He is a gentleman of popular
manners, and will make a good Post Master General,
except in the business of appointments. "
John J. Crittenden, the Attorney General, is too
well known to your readers to need any remaks from
me. It is not certain that he will accept. He has
some pretensions to the Presidency, and a position
in the Cabinet of a Whig President is generally a
bourne from whence no traveler returns. The late
Galphin Cabinet stands out as a warning beacon, and,
in my opinion, such places will now only be taken
as the shroud of a departed whig politician.
The Cabinet is Clay all over. The old fellow
walks with the elasticity of a boy. A smile plays
upon his face. If he can pass the Compromise bill
he will have conquered Ids last earthly enemy, and
will be ready to say " let thy servant depart in peace."
Webster, Pearce, Bates, Graham, Hall, and Critten
den are for lhe Compromise. As Pearce has de
clined, another gentleman of the same stamp from
the South will be selected. . XAVIER.
For tu Svste Sentiucl.)
Stanzas. x
The .beautiful! the beautiful!
Why do they fade away?
Why are our sweetest blossoms raadu
The first to meet decay?
have been musing oVr the pale, sad flowers,
You kindly ciill'J for me long years ago;
rom some fitir spt, in earth's most fragrant bowers
The purest gift thy love could e'er bestow:
But, ah! how faded now poor,,hueless roses
Dim emblem of my own sad, blighted youth,
Wherein each foldeJ, rayless leaf reposes
Some dearly treasured tlwuLt some fadeless truths
They lightly ban? upon my trembling fingers,
As thouph too liirhf, too frail, to bear the touch:
Yet 'round tbem such a soothing sweetness lingers
, - C '
I fain would bathe my weary sense in such.
I cannot still the thoughts that now come stealing.
While gazing on mv faded flowers of Earth;
And coldly hide the wayward gush of feeling,
When pond 'ring o'er the past they shadow forth.
The harp of memory, ever sweetly 'waking
Some bright mementos from her pleasing store ;
Each feeble nerve, with sweet emotion shaking,
Blends the dim Future with the light of yore:
And as I gaze in these enchanting hours,
Old hopes and joys that have forever flown,
Steal 'round me, with the light of these' poor flowers,
And Thou and Hope art mine, ah! yes, mine own.
But blighted all! delusive spell and flowers,
Back to yonr prison in my joyless heart!
There to remain, 'till fond, recalling powers,
Shall bid thee forth to life and beauty start.
Alas! why should mourn the blossoms faded,
Or sigh for that which lingers not for me?
But who can still the heart by sorrow tdiaded,
And bid its wild complainings cease to be?
Washington Citt, July 1, 1350. V. R. F.
A letter from an Aunt in Ireland to her Nephew
The following letter mu.t have been written by
the Great Grand Mother of Mrs. Partington :
Jixe2J, 1799.
Dear Nephew: I have not written to you since my
last before now, lieeausc as we had moved from our former
place of living, I did not know where a letter would
find you; but I now, with pleasure, take; my pen to in
form you of the melancholy news of the death of your
own living ancle Kilpatriek, who died very suddenly last
week after a lingering illness of five months. The poor
man was in violent convulsions the whole time of bis
sickness, laying perfectly quiet and speechless, all the
while talking incoherent, and calling for water. I had
no opportunity of informing you of his death sooner, ex
cept I wrote vou by last post, which went off two day
before be diet!, and then you would have had postage to
pay. I am at a loss to tell what bis death was occasion
ed bv, but I fear it was brought on by Lis last sickness,
for he never was well ten days top-ether darin? the
whole of bis confinement, and I believe bis sickness
was occasioned by Lis eating too much of rabbits stuffed
with peas and pravy. or peas and graw stuffed with
rabbits, I can't teil which; hot le that as it will as soon
as ho breathed his last the doctors gave over all hopes
of his recovery.
I need not tell you anything about' bis aire, for yon
well knw that in December next, he would have been
twenty-five years old lacking ten months, and had hex
lived till then, be would then Lave been just six menti s
dead. His property now devolves on his next of kin
who all died some time ago, so that I expect it will be di
vided between us; and yon know bis property was
something very considerable, for he had a floe estate
which was sold to pay his debts, and the remainder he
lost in a horse race; but it was the opinion of everybody
at the time, that he would have won the race, if the
horse he run against had not been too fast for him. I
never saw a man, and the doctors all say so, that ob
served directions and took medicine better than he Md.
He said he had as leave dnnk gruel as M ine if it hnf
onlv the same tnste, and would as soon take jalap as eat
beef-steak, if it had the same relish. But poor soal! he
will never eat or drink more, and you have not a living
relation in the world, except myself and your two eoa.
ins, who were killed in the last war. I can't dwell on
this mournful subject, and shall seal my letter with
black sealing-wax, and put on it your nude's coot of
arms, so I beg von not to break the seal when yorropen
the letter, and don't open it till three or four days nftr
vou receive rt, br which time yon will be prepared for
the sorrowful tidings.- When you come to this place,
ston and do not read any more till next.
P.S. Don't write me again till yon receive this.
Governor of MaFachn$ctt and Prof, Webster,
The Boston Traveler of the 19ih inst, publishes a
long Address of Gov. Briggs, giving his reasons w by
he cannot commute the sentence of Pref, Webster.
The following are his closing remaiks:
If the circumstances disclosed on the trial are relied
on to support his statement, the reply is that those cir
cumstances were urged in bis favor before the jury, and
they have decided against Lira; The facts of the ap
palling case aic iiefore the world j they will hereafter
fill one of the gloomiest pages in the record of crime
amongst cixilized men.
It is undisputed, that on the 23J dav of November,
1343. John White Webster, a Prolesr in Hirvard Uni
versity, and in the Medical College in Boston, did at
mid-dtiv in bis room, in that college, within a few (eet of
where he dailv stood and delivered scientific lectures to
a class of young men, with unlawful violence, take the
life of Dr. George Parkman, a respectable citizen of
Boston, who had come to that room at tne repeated re
quests of the prisoner.
1 . . I I " . 1 J
Ihat a'.ter rating ins me, ne evisceraicu, anu in a
manner most shockiiur to huinanitv, mutilated the body
of his victim, burning parts f it in a furnace, and de
.l j:it . i : .1.
positing oiner pans oi u in unterem piaces iu iur uuuu
ing where thev were found by persons who were seeking
altar Dr. Parkman.
Th
tak
fjfj-Observer, the Correspondent of the Phila
delphia Public Ledger, speaking of thc new Cabinet,
says ...
Mr. Crittenden is a very excellent appointment : and
satisfies the Southwest generally. He has as long as
four months since expressed his disaprobation with the
course Pursued bv the late administration, and dissent
ed from it only throe months alter Gen. Taylor had ta-
Ken tue cam oi ouice. i ue iaie uuuiunsi.rai.ioii na pui
a friend in the new one. and tice tersa, but the new cab
inet is far stronger than the one' just gone out, and far
more satisfactory to tbe whole country.
You may, of course, expect some removals and ap
nointments: though thev v ill not be made imracdiatelv.
Thev will probably be made in the recess. Thousands
of ofiic2.s(-kers and Office-holders are now here in
Washington, erowdin-r nil the thoroughfares and hotels
A majority of them is from the North, and though of
fice-seekers are not irenerally the liest looking men in
the world, yet after the sight of so many treacherous
countenances, fresh from tut nullifying JNnsuville Con
vention, the siarbt of so many men from Pennsylvania
and New York, is rcallv asrecablo and refreshing in the
extreme. I would rather see a file of office-seekers,
6trercbing from the Capitol to tbe White House, than the
gallowsly countenance of a single traitor or tlisunionist,
per tr. 1 hope President Fillmore will be able to pro
vide for them all- - .''.'"
I look upon the Compromise Bill as dead; but the
compromise itscii uns oecomo an ouminisirauon iucas
nre, and will, Pho?nix.like, rise f.om its nslies. It wil
be effected over the heads of tbe disunionists and fana
tics of thc two extremes of the Union. - ,
Fike Last niaht about half past 8 o'clock, a fire
K7We learn from tho Yevay Palladium that the chol- ' broke out iu the Foundry of Messrs. Farnsworth Co.,
rhat after killing him he rolled his lifcKs .creditor, by
inir from bim two notes ( band, signed by himself, to
which he had no right, and committed still another crime
by making false marks upon those notes, and that a jury
of bis country, cmpanneled aeeordiiiü to law, under tbe
direction of four of the five eminent Judges constituting
the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, alter a long, pa
tient, and impartial trial, and after hearing in Lis defenee
the arsnmenrs of learned and eloquent counsel, upon
their oaths, found lum guilty of murder.
. Upon that verdict, the Court pronounced the awful
sentence of death. In such a case there should be ob
vious and conclusive reasons to authorize the pardoning
power to interpose and arrest the sword ot justice. 1
do not see thrse reasons.
The combined circumstances of the case free me ta
the conclusion that the safety of tbe community, the in
violability of the law, and the principles of impartial
justice, demand the execution of the sentence.
1 hope it is not necessary lor me 10 say mai n um
have given me unspeakable pleasure to have come to a
different result, and that I would do any thing oa earth
in my power, snort ol violating amy, ro atievjaie mo
sufferings of a crushed and broken hearted family.
era broke out in Mt. Sterling in Switzerland county, on
Monday week, with terrible fatality. Within fortv-eight
hours ten individuals died out of a population of alont
two hundred, souls. . The citizens, becoming alarmed,
llod from the place wiih the exception of those who
were compelled to remain at home: The following arc
the names of those- who died: ' Israel Gibson, Mrs? Gib
son, Sarah Gibson, Hubert Gibson; wife of Rev. Mr.
Havens; John Valentine's child ; Margaret Iledd. wife
and, alihougli the firemen were promptly on tlie spot, be
fore tho flumes ccmld bo arrested the building, with its
contents, except r.bout half thc patterns used in tho bu
siness, were totally destroyed- The loss wc hear vari
ously estimated at" from $10,000 to $16,000, $3,000 of
which was covered by insurance in the Lexington and
Columbus companies.--Mdtiwn Courier. July 26.
U!7In Mt. Sterbog. Switzerland co., the olmlera is still
of Hnwcs Red ; Samuel McMakni j John MeMukhi, sr;, ' proving fat.-d. ' Some 2Ü deaths1 -have occurred out of a
and Mr. Ja k-iuV InM 1(. - . jM.j.ii!.ilio:i of ' The iittb village is almost des'-Ned.
Maj. Cass. Col. Webb, now in Rome, in a recent
letter to the N. Y. Courier, pays a hish compliment to
Miinr Cass for tlie manner in which he discharges bis
duties as the American representative in the Eternal
City. Col. Webb also savs that the J'opc gives iuajor
Cass the credit of preserving St. Tetcr's, in the follow,
ing manner, from the fury of the mibi - .
Major Cass readied here after the flight of the Tope
and his court. He was, consequently, the only represen
tative of a foreign government at Rome, at a period
when several of the leaders of the revolution, finding tha
further resistance to the French was impracticable, re
solved to destroy the monuments of Rom", nd leave for
their conquerors but a barren vietorv. Major Cass was
aroused from his lied at two o'clock one night, and in.
formed that several of the leaders, then in conclave, had
just given orders to undermine and blow np St. Peter',
the proudest monument of human skill tbe world has
ever seen. Without loss of time, be presented himself
before the assembled vandals, and hv appeals, remon.
stranccs, and threats, in the name of his country, and in
behalf of the civilized world, he compelled them to aban
don their fipndih purpose.
His services have been duly appreciated by the Tope,
and at his request, for tbe firm time in' the history of
Rome, Protestant worship is now permitted iuthe Etcr.
nal City.
Ebenczcr Sly, of Calivarus, near Stockton, California,
vrikhes to hear'froin his children, from whom be has not
heard for many vears. If this should meet the eye of
Jesse B. Barbccj formerly of Perry county, Ind., Martin
Morgan, formerly of Tennessee," or John Arnett, for.
merly of Island No. Fighte.Hi, Mississippi, they will do
weil 'to address Mr. Sly as alove. Our Brethren of the
press will confer a favor on an old man anxious to find
Ids children, by copying this paragraph.
r7"Tbe postmaster at Washington, Daviess county,
savs that the cholera has entirely disappeared from that
j.heo. s There have been eight cases, all of which cc. '
ciirrcd ii nc bocke.

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