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Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis) 1841-1853, August 08, 1850, Image 1

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AUSTIN II. BROWN, Publisher.
NO. 10.
Xorth Sids Washington, near Mitidian St.
1 published every' Wednesday and Saturday and Daily
during the session of the Legislature, at
f OTIS DOLLARS A YEAS, Inrariatly in Advance.
11112 lYEEKIA' edition
ts published every Thursday, and is furnished to sub-
fcenter et the loUowmg very low rates:
One Cot one vear $.uu I
TV,.a ..nn ft (Ml I
Five Copies one vear .'!!!!!!!!! 8.00
Ten Copies, (in Clubs) one year, lo.vo
te uopy, si montu
flni! fnnr threw months ................... OU
' '
- rri r ti j I
The Money, tn all cases, to accompany subscriptions.
- . .ty, " . , r I
O'Anv person sending us a Club of Ten, with cash,
at tue rite of $1.50 each, shall have a copy gratis for
tone year. For n creator number than ten, the gratuity
will be increased in proportion.
C7"A1I Post M isters are requested to act as Agents,
ond, 8s such, by a recent decision of the Department,
they ara authorized to frank letters lor- the benefit of
C7-A11 papers will be stopped at the end oi tue term
.. . . . j. i I -
paiu i or, unices me sunscripuon is icuccu,wii' l"
those with whom we have unsettled business accounts.
ZJ-Dmp Letters, addressed to this oitice, wui not oe
lasen out uiiit-ss ue jiosiage is pam.
E7-Transient Adttrtuemrnts must ha paid for when
presented, or ther -mlW ne.t appear.
27" .o Anonymous Communication will receive atten-
tion at this ofliee. ....
iiuTKmr7m inusi im ummgu i.i m . . '
M.t on luesiayami inaay, to insure inscriion m iuc
"Paper offers InJueements to Advertisers equal
to any other establishment in the atate
The time was when this, to the ears of our patriotic
people, was the most odious term in the English lan
guage. It was synonymous with treason, and no
man, north or south, cast or west, dare utter such a
sentiment. It has now become familiar as house
hold words. Men coolly and deliberately calculate
the value of this glorious Union, consecrated by the
blood of the revolution, and cemented by the strug
gle of two successful wars.
The calmness with which lhe advantages and dis
advantages of the Union is discussed at the South
and at the North, by the ultras at both extremes, is
the most alarming omen of the times
These dis-
cusskm? weaken the tics of the Union.
Massachusetts, once a most loyal State, where
the first martyr in the cause of liberty shed his
blood; where the red banner of revolution was first
raised, and where defiance was first hurled at the
head of our oppressors, was alienated bv interest in
ri . . . .
consequence oi me war oi loiJi. one puriicipuicu
largely in the infamous Hartford Convention, and
threatened to withdraw from the Union. The war
terminated and all real cause of discontent was at
an end, and universal prosperity in every department
pervaaea ine wnoie oüue, jet tier lurnier sirong ai-
. 1.1.1 1 O.-l- A. 1
tachment to the Union never returned, and old t-an-
euil Hall, the cradle of liberty, has recently been
"desecrated bv the disunion and infidel harangues of
the Lloyd Garrisons, the Wendell Philipses, and the
two Abbys, Kelly and Folsom.
South Carolina, whose revolutionary history stands
out as a bright page, in 1S32 threatened nullification
and disunion, on account of what she considered an
od!oU3 and oppressive system of tariff taxation. Her
Legislature took the preparatory steps towards a sev
erance from the Union. Mr. Clay, then a member
of the Senate, came forward with the Compromise
bill, poured oil upon the troubled waters, and the
storm that was raging soon abated. Carolina got all
she demanded and professed to be perfectly satisfied.
Yet her attachment lo the Union was gone. Nulli-'
fixation and disunion became familiar words in the
cars of the young men, and from that day South Car
olina ceased to feel any interest in this glorious con
federacy, and she is now the first to raise the black
flag of disunion, under the pretended plea of North
ern aggression and unequal taxation.
Alabama, Mississippi, and to some extent Geor-
gia, participates m inis lcciing, wmcn nas Deen
greatly accelerated by the Nashville Convention,
o J J '
.... . ... i i
and urged on by that miserable set of misguided
fanatics at the North, who call themselves liberty
...... r , 'li-'i
men, or abohliomsts, or free democracy, who furnish
the Southern disunionists with the food upon which
they live, and the fuel to keep burning that terrible
Cre, which, if not quenched, will consume the Union.
TTie Union is in danger, and it can only be saved
by calmness, moderation, and justice. The North
is stronger than the South. They must not use their
strength to oppress their veak brethren. The South
must make no unreasonable demands upon the North.
She must ask nothing which is rot already guaran
tied to her by the Constitution. The great west must
save the country.
The free and slave States, separated by the Oldo,
Lave but one common interest. That noble river
bears on its bo.-om, to one common market, thc pro
ducts of free and slave labor. We have but one com
mon interest, and God intended we should be one
people, and ' Whomsoever God has joined together
let no man put asunder." Then let there be but one
sentiment among the Western people, both whig and
democrat, and let that sentiment be the one given
by Gen. Jackson at a dinner, when surrounded by
nulllfiers, "The Uxiox, it must be pre
served," not by the sword, but by moderation and
If tlus confederacy is preserved, no man can cal
culate its power and its glory; but if it is broken in
pieces, all is gone. The blood of our fathers has
been sbed in vain, and the funeral knell of freedom
will be sounded, and all our greatness and glory will
Remember the warning voice of Washington, who
with the spirit of prophecy upon him, looked down
the vLta of lime and saw the danger of sectional
parties and sectional divisions, and with feelings,
deep and strong, as Jacob of old, when he gathered
his children arotuid him to bless them, he warned
hi countrymen, and the generations to come, of this
threatening danger.
Let tliat warning be heeded and
h safe.
The city debt of Eoslon is 57,000,000.
South Carolina and Disunion.
Below will be found some extracts from the re
markable speech of Robert Barnwell Rhctt, late a
member of Congress from South Carolina. We have
long known Mr. Rhett. He is a fanatic by nature,
nnrt if h bail Kppn Knrn in Tacc9Viiit:fta nrnl.1
r.x'n-JT. ' V Vr
1 uaic uccu an auuuuuuisi ui uic vjaxrison SlUOOl. 11
the production had been a newspaper essav. we
should have passed it by as the heated and ill-timed
production of a crazy brain. But it was a speech
delivered before a large audience, in the city of
Charleston, and the papers tell us it was most enthu-
siastically cheered, and published with commenda
tl0n3 by the press. The speech is full of treason.
tongue of a traitor, and the crowd that cheered him
were the foes of their country. Speaking of dissolu
ü a, ftn inevitablc eTent he gays
' J
c r- i .n a . :
icuu. an i-uanuca in "overiiiiicius urc sei ious
. . j . . , . . p
things. Nothinnr will iiistihr n freA rx.inln in rhunmnir
.ile;r frovernment but a convi.tion that it doe nnt fulfil
ti,e purposes for which it was created. Wc must all
take a part ;n tjie important transactions now jroin? on
amongst us, for good or tor evil, under the weighty
responsibility all republican governments impose on
their citizens. I invite vou to a calm and serious
I consideration of your condition in the Union, in order
that yon may properly do your part in the grand drama
0f ,ts dissolution, which, it appears to me, mast take
place at no very distant day
Bt the Constitution has been put aside, and the
union perverted Horn the purposes lor which it was
created, and in their stead a pragmatical, avaricious,
arMl fanatical despotiwin has been erected over the South.
To cmjre jt permanently 13 to jrivc np all pretensions
to liberty and equality in the confederacy, and to sink
down io tiie iwsition ol degraded and ruincu colonics
Is there anv reasonable hope that the government may
be reformed and brought back to the limited free govern-
ment ot tho constitution?
Despairing of any reformation which will bring the
government back to the limitations of the constitution,
which will give as new truarantics, I see but one course
lett lor the peace and salvation of tho South a dissolu
tion of the L nion.
Lookini to the past looking to the nature of things
I deem all reliance on the cood faith of the free Stati-s to
protect the institution of hlavcry in the South vain and
liifile. The South must protect itself. Its force is pow
erless in Conuress and in the Union, because it is a mi
nority, lo give to our people that protection and peace
which the constitution and Union were established to
secure, the boulh must sever the connexion with the
To prepare the minds of the people of Charleston
for so terrible an event, he appeal directly to their
interest, and the people of lhe South are made to be
lieve, that not only peace and happiness but wealih
and luxury will fol.ow revolution and separation
On tln3 subject see the bright picture his fiery imagi
nation paints :
Is there, then, any thiuir tho Union now affords which
the South could not as well progress without? In tin
taxes imposed and 'expended, we will lie free. One
third of the rate of duty wc now pay on the chief articles
'nport, by the tariff of the Union, will be amply sf.
hcicrit fr the wants of foverninnt, whilst all revenue
irom taxation will be spent within ourselves. The
voice of insult and accusation, instigating insurrection
within our borders, will be hushed. By our physical
power we can protect ourselves against foreign nation
whilst by our productions we can command their
peace or support. The keys of their wealth and com
tnpren nri in nur hnnd wlilnh wn tvill fi-nnK- tVnr tn
" " " V.V., V...
them by a system of free trade making our prosperity
l"eir interest, our security meir care, l lie lingerinu or
decaying cities of the South, which before our revolution
tarried on all their forciirn commerce, buoyant with
prosperity ami wealth, but which now are only provin
cial towns, slusreish sunurhs ol Boston and ISew York
will rise np to their natural destiny, and ajain infold in
tlicr embraces the ru hest commerce ol t he world. That
desolotion, more fad than desert habitations, or grass'
irrown streets, or crumbling - walls that desolation
which enters into the domestic circle, and robs the heartl
of the happv inmates who surround it that worst of all
desolations, emigration, will cease from within our midst.
uuT children may live with us, and rise wan a rising
country. Instead of that srloom which rests in the bosom
of every parent smnnist us who look- around and sees
all the avenues b? which his children rhay obtain an
honest and honorable livelihood choked up with compe
tition, new hope and life will fill his anticipations.'
"Wealth, honor, and power, and one of the most glorious
desiinies which ever ci owned a great and happy people,
await the South, if she but control her own fate; but
controlled bv another people, what pen shall paint the
infamous and bloody catastrophe which must mark her
: lall
In relation to this speech, we have no comments
to make; but will close this notice, by adopting the
eloquent and burning- language of Mr. Clay, made
in the Senate of the United States :
Mr. Clat. Mr. President, I said nothing with re
spect to the character of Mr. Rhett, for I might as well
I i i. . . i r ii li
name mm. i Know mm personally ana nave some re-
fctT,h'?- 'f e prono.meed the sentiment at-
triDUted to him or raisinr the, standard of disunion Bin I
of resistance to the common government, whatever be
has been, if he follows up that declaration by correspond-
lng overt acts, ho will be a traitor, and I hope he will
mcct thc f:ltc of a trailor. Great 'appiau.sc n the gal.
leries, with difficulty suppressed hv the Chair.
1 he 1 BEsi dent . l he Chair will be under the neees-
siry oi ordering mo gauery to do cleared, u mere is
again tho slightest interruption. He has once already
given warning that he is under the necessity of keeping
order. Tho Senate chamber is not a theatre.
Mr. Clat resumed. Mr. President, I have beard
with pain and rcirret a 'confirmation of the remark I
made, that the sentiment of disunion is becoming familiar.
I hope it is confined to South Carolina. I do not regard
as ray duty what the honorable Senator seems to regard
as his. If Kentucky to-morrow unfurls the banner of
resistance unjustiy, I never will fight under that banner
1 owe a paramount allegiance to the whole Union a
subordinate one to my own State. When ray State is
right when it has a cause for resistance when tyranny,
and wrong, and oppression insufferable arise I then will
share her fortunes; but if she summons me to the battle
held, or. to support her in any cause which is unjust
against thc Union, never, nerer will I engage with her
in sur-li a cause.
With regard to South Carolina, and thc spirit of her
Ccople, I have said nothing. I have a respect for her;
ut I must say7 with entire truth, that my respect for
her is that inspired by her ancient and revolutionary
character, and not so much for her modern character.
But. spirited as she is. spirited as shir may suonosc her
self to be, competent as she may think hersolr to wield
her separate power against the power of this Union. I will
tell her, and I will tell the Senator himself, that there arc
as brave, as dauntless, as gallant men, and as devoted
patriots, in my opinion, in every other State in the
Union as are to ho found in South" Carolina herself; and
if. in anv uniust cause. South Carolina or any other
State should hoist the flag of disunion and rebellion,
thousands, tens of thousands of Kentuckians would flock
to the standard of their country to dissipate and repress
iheir rebellion. These are my sentiments make thc
most of them.
(JrffE. G. Eastman, Esq., has withdrawn from the
editorial control of the Nashville Union, and his
place is supplied by H. M. Waterson, Esq. Mr. E
is one of the most brilliant writers in the South, and
we hope soon to see him again occupying the fiel
of editorial labor.
07" It is supposed that there have been nine cases
of cholera in this city amongst thc Germans, though
it was not certain that such was thc case in every in
stance Thc number of interments in this city du
ruij the month of May was SJ, June July 20.
The New President.
At the formation of the Constiulion the federal
party were in favor of longrcsidential terms. Some
even advocated a life tenure in that office. The rea
son assigned, was the danger of convulsion and revo
lution at the time of each change. The recent Provi
dential event lias proved the fallacy of their argu
ment. Whilst the cold remains of the late President
ay in state, a few hours after his spirit had taken its
flight to another world, the Vice President, without
any ostentatious display, left his boarding house, ac
companied by the two New York Senators, rode in
a plain and common hack to the Capitol, where, in
the presence of Congress, the oath was administered
to him, and he became, under the forms of the ConstiJ
tution, the Chief Magistrate of a great nation.
There was no hiatus in the Government no convul
sions no armed men to preserve order or protect
his person. He is now in the White House, clothed
with the robes of office, and surrounded by h j con
stitutional advisers. He enters upon his ner office
at an important crisis, and it is the duty of every
good citizen to refrain from any thing that will unne
cessarily embarrass his administration. A great
question is now pending before Congress, which
rises above the mere party questions of the day. It
is a national question, and, as a national President,
Mr. Fillmore is bound to use Ids best endeavors for
its amicable and satisfactory adjustment. Let him
lo this, and he shall have our meed of praise.
He is a whig. His Cabinet is whig. In party
politics we have nothing to expect from him. We
ask nothing. But we will not prejudge his adminis
tration. His acts shall be the evidence upon which
we will form our verdict.
The Great Itailroad Line.
The public mind is now directed to one of the
most important interior works yet undertaken in
America, wc allude to the line of railway now being
rapidly constructed, stretching near one thousand
miles continuously, from our Kastern seaboard to the
Mississippi, and running; through the States of Penn
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. The magni
tude and importance of this great chain, have, until
recently, rendered the work of doubtful construction;
but there no longer remains any reasonable doubt of
its completion, a? a very early day. Th'u great work
we see is in charge of six active and energetic com
panies, each pressing their link with all the means
and men that can be thrown upon it. The line from
Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, we learn, will be in ope
ration by the summer of 1852. From Pittsburgh
west to Massillon, 110 miles, the iron has been pur
chased. The western link in Ohio is in a rapid state
of progress. The eastern section in our State, from
Indianapolis to the Ohio line, is in a forward state of
construction, and a part of the iron is being laid.
The Western section from Indianapolis to the State
Hue is being energetically prepared for the super
structure, and the line through Illinois, from Terre
Haute to St. Louis, is soon to be located. This
shows what can be done by energy and concert of
action directed to a common purpose. We shall
soon no longer feci the inconvenience of being in
the interior. The directness of this line ot railway
will enable us to reach the Eastern cities in less time
than was formerly occupied between our city and
Maduon, while our business operations ryust receive
an additional impulse to an extent not at this time to
be realized even by those who are the most san-
City of Indianapolis.
Mr. Dasihls, the attentive and Industrious City
Assessor, has just furnished us with the interesting
fact, that by this year's assessment the total amount
of Taxables in Indianapolis is 2,32o,18J, Polls
1213 being an increase of about four hundred polls
since last year's assessment. According to this ratio
there has been an increase of full two thousand in
habitants in one year. It is really astoiüsliing to
our own citizen? as well as to all others. At this
rale it will not be long before Indianapolis will
number twenty thousand inhabitants..
From the Washington Union.
From Texa.
Extracts of a Correspondence from Independence
(Texas,) to a Member of Congress.
I have just learned, from an authentic source, that wc
shall have a called session of the Legislature, to take
place about the middle of August, on tue Santa Fo ones
tion : and 1 must conless that it is a question oi great im
port to us, and one that should be well considered; yet I
can see but one course lelt to us; which is to maintain
our rights, or sink with them ; and such is the universal
feeling here. In laet, I have never seen such excitement
since l;3b on any subject. The course of tae adminis
tration in this matter has sealed tho late of anv compro
mise that can pass the Congress. There might have
been some chance for a settlement of soma kin I, if they
had lelt the matter alone as it stood at tho last session
Mark mv position! Texas will never submit to any com
promise until after thc United States has unconditionally
acknowledged her nriit to the eountrv. i have convers
ed with a great number of citizens, and have recently
received letters Irom gentlemen Iroin cliiterent sections
of the State; and it is a remarkable fact that I have con
versed or corresponded with no individual who is in favor
of the Compromise, or who will vote 1 r it under any
circumstances short ol the one 1 have name J.
Austin, July 1, !
The Governor's proclamation is" made out, and will be
put in print to-morrow, and as soon as possible be dis
tributed by express East, West, North, and South. I
convenes the Legislature in extra session on the 12th of
next month, August. Thc object is to take cflicient
measures to enforce the jurisdiction of the State over tho
Santa Fe district. Thc expedition will march about the
beginning of September. The necessary steps will be
taken to have everything in perfect readiness, when tho
Legislature shall give ils sanction to set the troops in
motion. They will probably unite at Santa Fe, and tho
Governor himself will doubtless be along.
The people arc very much incensed at the conduct of
the administration and the treatment of our commission,
er. They will fight to the death before they give up an
inch of tho Santa Fc country, except for a full and just
equivalent. There will be "no lack of volunteers. Sev
eral gentlemen have already undertaken to raise and or
rranizo companies. If the expedition ever gets to Santa
Fe, there will Iks some hot work. Traitors and rebels
will fare badly.
Railroad Movemkwt. Gen. Wm. Robinsort, Jr.,
President, Mr. Linch, one of thc Director!", and Solo
mon W. Roberts, Esq., Chief Engineer of thc Ohio and
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, are now in this city,
and purchased yesterday through their agent, Messrs.
Winslow, Lanier Jfc Co., 3000 tonB of American Railroad
iron, heavy T rail, of a superior quality, and on favora
ble terms, a larger portion payable in thc mortgage
bonds of the Company. Thc iron is to be delivered on
the. road, on or before the 1st of April next, and will
complete tho track from Pittsburgh to Beaver, thirty
five miles,- early next summer. . From Beaver Par, tö
Massilion, Ohio, 1 12 miles, it . is intended to have the
road in full operation next fall, by which time the. line
of the great Pennsylvania Railroad will be completed
from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh.- AT. 1". lltpreis.
ETTko Liverpool Dotks tost, V 0,Q0O,CQO,
From the Baltimore Sun.
Latest from California
New York, July 22, 5 P. M. -The
steamer Crescent City arrived here this afternoon,
with later advices from California.
Another tremendous conflagration has occurred in the
city of San Francisco. It broke out on the 14th of June,
and before the (lames could be subdued, about thre.. hun
dred houses, f tores, dwellings, hotels, &c., were burnt
to ashes. It is estimated that the loss will reach five
millions of dollars. Supposed to have been the work of
an incendiary.
The Crescent City brings one hundred and forty thou
sand dollars worth of gold dust in the hands of passen
gers, besides a considerable amount on freight.
Within the past few days business has become some
what more active, but in general there are complaints of
dull times. Small sales and large profits have been the
order of the day. This state of atlairs is not confined
alone to San Francisco, but extends to nearly all the sur
rounding country, and, to some extent, throughout tho
mining regions, where mucn inactivity prevails in con
sequence of tho streams being greatly swollen, and the
water too high to allow of successful mining operations.
The great bulk of the miners are leisurely waiting a fall
of the streams, and their number at the mines has great
ly decrease!.
Numerous new and rich mines have been discovered
since last season, and when operations shall again have
fairly commenced, it is confidently believed that immense
almost untold quantities of gold will bo discovered.
The continual arrivals of lumber have kept the mar
ket for this article much depressed. A large cargo of
fair quality was sold recently at an average of $50 per
M. Rough cannot be quoted at over 30 per M.
Fresh Orange flour is not abundant, and held at $10 25
to $10 75: superior Richmond, in good order, is Sellins
at $10 per 1.11. Corn meal is ranging from $13 to $15
per bol., being in active demand. A mill for the manu
iacture of this article has been established here, (in San
Francisco,) where it is turned out in fifty pound sacks,
in rcry good condition, and sold at 12 1-2 cts. per lb.
The steamer Columbus arrived at Panama on the Cth
instant, having left San Fruncisco on the 18th of June.
She brought over 150 passengers, and one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars worth of gold dust on freight.
'I ho mail steamer West Point arrived at Panama on
tho 4th of July.
The great tire at San Francisco originated, in the Sa-
cramonto baking establishment, a small wooden building
in the rear of the Merchant' Hotel. It is said to have
been caused, not by incendiarios, but by a defect in the
chimney. 1 he flames quickly communicated to the Mer
chant's Hotel, the Waverly House, the Sacramento Ho-
tei, ana me tueatre. it progressed who great rapidity,
lestroying all the buildings on the south side of Clay
street, Irom Marey street to the water on tho north side
of Clay street ; also all the buildings between Harney
and Montgomery streets, except Bathers and r.llerade s
On Sacramento street, from Harney street to the wa
ter, hot a solitary building is loft standing. California
street, on the north side, from the custom-house to Har
ney street, is wholly destroyed, including all the most
aluable buildings. Below Montgomery street, on the
cast side of Harney street, all is in ruins; also between
Clay and California streets. L.very huilding on Mont
gomery street, between iMr. Nagol's and Mr. Cannon's
(ol Baltimore) auction store, are burnt likewise on the
one side of these points, and Clay street wharf and Ad
ams fc Co. s olhc e on the other, there is an entire ruin.
That part of the city between Montgomery street and
the water, has suffered much in the destruction of very
valuable property, including all the buildings on Central
whan, and a very large quantity of lumber.
Among the buildings destroyed was that of the San
Francisco Journal ollicc ; also the office of the publish
ers of the IleraM. They lost a large quantity of print
ing materials. In Evett & Co. 's warehouse a vast
aiiiount of property wiiS consumed. Coiumissior.ed mer
chants are lers to a very heavy amount.
The loss, it is believed, will fall most heavily npon
shippers, and on houses established by persons from the
New England States and from New York.
We have the following additional intelligence by the
Crescent City:
Uuring thc thre days preceding the departure ol the
Columbus, 1,553 passengers arrived at San Francisco.
The $130,000 in gold dust brought on freight by the
Columbus was detained at Chagrcs, to await the arrival
of the steamer Cherokee.
The Cresc-nt City brings S1,S11,000 in gold dust, in
the hands of pa-senjors.
Panama continues to be very healthy. 1 here are but
few cases of anv kind of disease among the emigrants,
and the weather continues cool and pleasant, the least
care on the part of strangers will generally protect them
irom the dangers ol illness.
The number of Americans at Panama, at tho time tho
Crescent City left, was less than at any time within the
lust six months. This is attributed to thc superior facil
ities afforded to passengers Tor San Francisco.
The 4lh of July was celebrated at Panama, by the
American residents, with great enthusiasm.
There are steamers leaving every week, so that those
arriving without through-tickets cän get off without any
difficulty in a few days.
Arrival of Overlaxd Emigiiants. A gentleman
who came down from Weavcrsville, on Monday last,
states that about forty emigrants arrived at that place
on Saturday, who have come from Missouri, this spring,
bv the Carson routo. This party left Independence
about the 1st of April.
From the Placer Timts of thc 1 1th u't l
The Rivers and the Roads. -Migratory movements
as well ns mining operations, nie sadly obstructed and
ineonvenienced ly the continued height of the principal
streams throughout fcacrameuto.
From th Transcript of the 1 1th u!t.
From the Southern Mines. A friend, Mr. II. Pri-
cr, has just returned to this city from the southern mines
where ho has been durtriiicr tho past winter, lie dug
two months in the Mariposa diggings, without meeting
with much success. Tho.se who have passed tho winter
there, ho thinks, have generally fallen iu debt for part of
their expenses.
Mr. P. left the Marigosa diggings about six weeks
ago, and went to thc Rattlesnake creek, one of the tribu
taries to the Tuolumne, lie found thc miners at this
stream doing a fair business averaging from ten to
tweh'e dollars per day. About five hundred were at
work, half of whom, he thinks, were Mexicans.
Mr. P. prospected quito extensively in the Mariposa
and Tuolumne diggings; but tho richest he found were
on Rattlesnake creek. From what he has seen, and
from nil he has been ablo to learn, he judges that miners
have generally only made enough to pay their expenses
in the principal diggings he has visited. Provisions are
very cheap, and all kinds of trade dull. ' . " '
Agricultcre. Agriculture iu California appears to
bo improving, and as it is equally as profitable as any
thing else, it is attracting increased attention. Boxes
of g irden seed, which had cost nine dollars, have been
sold for one hundred dollars; and scythes which cost
thrco dollars wero disposed of at fortv-five dollars. The
seeds which were sent around Capo Horn were almost
useless, while those thai went over thc Isthmus, hcrmet
rically scaled, came up first. One man near San Jose
had made fifty thousand dollars by raising potatoes.
Trom the Alia California. .
Monterey, May 22, 1850.
Messrs. Editors r Quite a romantic affair came off
in tho loii ton of our usually quiet city, setting all the
old dames who have mairiagcxblc daughters in quitea
ferment of excitement. It appears thut a dashing lieu
tenant of the 2d Infantry had long been smitten with the
daughter of one of the most distinguished Spanish fami
lies of the country, tho young lady being at the poetical
age of sweet sixteen.
The consent of tho parents had been asked and re
fusedlhcy tiavtng another better hull for tho lady in
view, which was not according to her liking.
The lady desired; one fine smiling summer afternoon,
to take a-walk,' whieh being granted, she repaired to a
ncishlfor's house where the expectant bridegroom, the
padre, and a few. friends were assembled. In the pre
scnccf them all the Gordian knot M as tied.
Another Afflicted Family. Wo learn that Mrs.
Driggs who lives about three miles from thc city near
thc railroad, has lost 'six niernbers of. her family by chol
era within the last two weeks. Two others were under
medical treatment yesterday and not expected to surrivc.
Mad. Banner, Auqut lt.
The t-fTor live unlitanr force t.f Rns?ia iOi.fHX) uicr ;
tLaV of LmiJ ISÜ,UU0 , that of Fiauca iCO, ,W J.
From the Madison Papers.
Philadelphia, July 30, 8 P. M.
Tho Taylor funeral procession was of the most im
posing description. The cortege was about twenty
squares long, occupying, when in an extended line, about
one-third of the route, which was upwards of sixty
squares, or at least uve miles in length.
The cortege lenan to move at eleven o'clock, A. M.,
and did not reach Christ's church until after three o'clock,
P. M., thus taking upwards of three hours to go over
the route. The column was about an hour and a half in
passing a given point. The whole number in the pro
cession, when it started, was about ten thousand. This
number dwindled down to less than one-half before thc
route had been gone over so intense was the heat.
Had it not been lor the extreme hot weather, there would
no doubt have been at least twenty thousand in the pro
cession. New York, July 30, 8 P. M.
The packet ship Waterloo, from Liverpool, arrived
and anchored off Sandy Hook last night. . Garribaldi,
the hero of the Roman republic, is on board. He is to
have a great public reception in this city.
Washington, July 30, 8 P. M.
Senate. Mr. Davis presented the credentials of Rob
ert C. Winthrop, appointed Senator from Massachhsetts,
in place of Mr. Webster, resigned; and Mr. Winthrop,
being duly qualified, took his scat.
Mr. Pearcc, from thc select committee on the Footc
and Benton disorder, made a report, which was ordered
to le printed.
On motion, Mr. Benton's evidence, taken in the case,
was ordered to be printed.
Mr. Johnson introduced a joint resolution, declaring,
in ellective terms, that the annexation ot lexasis con
clusive of the times hero is a bungling hiatus in the
telegraph I against thc L nited States, and also direct
ing proceedings in conformity with such declaration;
which was ordered to a second reading.
The omnibus bill w as taken up at two o'clock, thc
question pending being on Bradbury's amendment sub
mitted yesterday. .
Hocse. Mr. Winthrop rose and said that he had re
ceived a letter this morning from the Govenor of Massa
chusetts informing him that he bad been appointed to
supply the vacancy in the Senate occasioned bv the res
ignation of his distinguished friend, now in the office of
secretary o Mate. Having decided to accept the ap-
f ointment, and being called on to do so without delay,
e had thought fit to announce in presence of the House
that his place will be vacant trom this day, and he re
quested the fact to be announced to thc Governor of Mas.
saehusetts in the usual form.
In taking his adieu of the bodv with which he has so
long been associated, ho wished to sav, in thc most sim
pic and brief terms, that he should always cherish the
highest regard for its character and he expressed his
hearty well-wishes to thc Speaker and each member for
their health and prosperity. He then withdrew to the
Senate chamber.
Mr. Harrison, a member of thc committee on public
lands and a member of thc committee on Indian affairs
was, by request, excused from acting on these commit
tees in consequence of ill health.
Thc vacancy occasioned in the committees on foreign
affairs and aeeounts, by the resignation of Mr. Winthrop
ana aeath ol JSlr. King, were ordered to ie mica
The Speaker announced the business before the House
to be the motion to reconsider the vote by which was re
ferred to the committee of the whole on the state of the
Union the bill to give every man a farm free of cost.
Mr. Evans, of Maryland, who was entitled to the floor
said he would not make a speech, but with a view
proceeding with tile public business, and not having a de
sire to aid the demagogue !ooby, he moved to lay the
motion on the table : onu it was aerocd to.
The Hots''i.hc'ii v cut into committee of the whole on
the state of the Union.
Mr. Bailor moved to lay aside the California bill;
agreed to 95 to 63 and, on his motion, the bill to pay
revolutionary and other pensioners was taken up.
r. . - . Washington, July 31.
Two important votes were taken in thc Senate on the
compromise bill yesterday.
JUr. Bradbury s amendments were renewed by Mr.
Underwood, relcrrina the Texas lioundary to a commis
sioner, nnd passed yeas 29, nays 2S.
Mr. Shields voting allirmativcly, and Mr. Winthrop
against it.
A motion to lay thc bill on thc tabic was then made
and lost-yeas 25, nays 32. '
The passage of tho" bill is considered certain.
Thc National Intelligencer and Republic of this morn
ing both express the opinion that the bill will pass.
President Fillmore will nrobablv communicate to Con
gress a message informing that body ol" his purpose to
prevent the State of Texas from invading any portion of
tho territory of New Mexico, and that he will delcnd
New Mexh-ö in the formation of a State government.
Hon. Edward Bates, of Missouri, has arrived in Wash.
ington. It is now said ho is to take the Department of
the Interior.
Washington-, July 31, 8 P. M
Senate. Nothing. ol interest transpired during the
morning hour.
The omnibus bill was taken up at 12 o'clock
Mr. Pearcc moved to amend thc bill by striking out
all in relation to Mexico. His reason for making thc
motion was that the Senate yesterdav coupled a propo
sition for thc establishment of a territorial government
in New Mexico by adopting an amendment providing
that the Government shall not be in opposition to the
east side of the Rio Grande pending the action of the
board of commissioners on the boundary ol lexas
Air. Clay appealed to Mr. Pearce to withdraw bis
amendment for tho present. It was designed to offer
amendments which would relieve the bill of difficulties
whieh the Senator had alluded lo
Mr. Pearce said he had no design to defeat the bill or
provide for the settlement of the boundary question
lie designed, if his pending motion should be agreed to,
to call it up by a motion to restore that winch was
stricken out yesterday, on motion of tho Senator from
Geogia. and moved that thc amendment providing a ter-
ritorial government for New Mexico go into operation
before the 4lii ol March ISoI.
Hocse. Mr. Littlcficld, from thc committee on agri
culture, to which was referred the memorials of Slate
Legislatures, agricultural societies, and various other
associu tions, asking for the establishment of an agricul-
tural bureau, in connection with the Department of the
Interior, asked that the committee be discharged from
theurther consideration of the same and that the report
be laid on the table.
Mr. Crowed, from the committee on Indian affairs,
reported the Senate bill to enable the President to nego
tiate treaties ol" friendship and boundary with the In
dians south and west of the Missouri river, north of the
northern line of Texas, and about New Mexico. He
said these tribes numbered thirty thousand warriors
We have already, during the present season, in conse
quenco of the hostile demonstrations of the Indians on
our Western frontier, and in New Mexico and Texas,
authorized an additional expenditure of 203,000. The
Government is satisfied that if a treaty can be entered
into with these tribes, it would be attended with a salu
tary effect. There are now captive women and children
among them, taken from tho Western settlements, and
it is our duty to resort to every legitimate means to res
cue them., T'iis eau only bo done by entering into treaty
with these tribes. Tho attendant expense will be $200,
He moved that the bill be pat on its passage.
However, as it contains appropriations, it was refer-
red to tho committee of the whole on the state of the
Union. v
The Senate bills on the Speaker's desk were appropri
ately referred.
The House then went into committee of the whole- on
tho state of the Union on the fortification bill.
The question pending w as a motion- to strike out an
appropriation ol fifteen' thousand dollars for defensive
work near Detroit:
Mr. Bissell replied to. the. charge Mr. Carter made
Yesterday, that Detroit was a common receptacle of pub
lie plunder, and that a portion of tho pcoplo were pau;
pers.. He eulogized that section of country and opposed
the amendment; . - ' .
Mr. Carter responded, w hen the committee rose with
out .coming to a .conclusion. , .
New VoRk, July 31,8 r. M.
Garibaldi is at New York quarantine, suffering from
a severe attnek of rheumatism, which makes bim unable
to walk. Ho has been visited by Gen. Pacz, who was
taken to Slatcn Maud o i Mondnv to await thc arrange
rccn's for his reception in New York.'
. Cca Lopez arrived at Plüadtlf li thi morubj. . -
Halifax, July 31, 9 A. M.
The Canada arrived at 7 o'clock. She has sailed for
New York with on hundred and twenty-five passen
gers. Cotton has advanced 1-8 to 1-4. Sales for thc week
111,000 bales. Speculators took 52.000 exporters 16,
000. Fair Orleans 8 3-8. Markets mostly quiet.
The Pacific arrived at Liverpool in ten and a half days"
from New York. The Cambria arrived at Liverpool "in
. I ' . 1 r - -mr
luinecn aavs irom new iom.
At last dates the American fleet was off the port of
Lisbon. Papers furnish no news relative to the dufieulty
between Portugal and tho United States.
Little doubt exists but that hostilities have actually
commenced between Denmark and the Dnchies. If so.
important results are likelv to ensue. A large Russian
fleet is off the coast for the avowed purpose of giving
the Danes all the assistance they mav require.
The overland mail has arrived, with two weeks' later
advices from India and China. A commercial treaty
between the United States and China had been con
LiYrtiPöOL, July 20.
Flour easier, hut prices nearly nominal. Corn dull;
yellow Is; white 6J lower. Wl'ieat dull at 2d lower.
Beef exceedingly dull. Mere inquiry for mess pork ;
!rimc mess quiet. Low qualities of bacon in demand
or Ireland; better description looking up; hamsneglect-
a, large sales of shoulders. Large business in lard at
3 to 6d advance. Coffee in the Liverpool market was
less active, but prices were not actually lower; none at
puoiic Raie at Amsterdam; holders ol Brazil advance
their prices 6d per hundred weight, which checks busi
ness ; both in Liverpool and in London business has been
small. On Friday the market closed with an imnmved
aspect. Rice Large arrivals of Carolina keep down
prices ; 70 tierces 6old at 17s, which is a trifle lower.
The Cunard company has determined to commence a .
line of screw steamers of great size and power to carrv
goods and passengers between Liverpool and New York.
This line will be wholly independent of their present
The Queen of Spain had been delivered of a son, who
lived only a few moments.
A difficulty has arisen between Spain and Portugal, in
consequence of the marriage of the kinrs sister with
the son of Don Carlos. The Spanish minister Las pro
tested against tho alliance as a breech of the quadruple
treaty, and has asked for his passports. .
Ikelaxd. Conciliation Hall has been closed. Thc
repeal Agitation in Ireland is dead for thc present.
. New Orleans, July 25.
The Falcon, from Chagres, has arrived, but thc news
has been anticipated.
Late dates from Texas state that thc Santa Fe excite
ment is unabated. A letter has been written by thc Gov-
ernor of Texas to the Senators and Representatives in
Congress to have the civil and military power with
drawn. Osweco, N; Y., July 31.
A fire broke out at 2 o'clock yesterday mornins in a
large building east of Hope Bridge, standing on thc ea-,
nal, which consumed property to thc estimated value of
five hundred thousand dollars. Amount of insurance
not estimated. The fire is still raging.
Buffalo, July 31, 10 A. M.
The steamer America exploded her "steam pipe when
sixty miles above this point, scalding twenty-five per
sons and killing the second engineer and two or three
others. She was bound down from Sandusky.
Washington, August 1, 8 P. M.
The following are thc votes on important points in the
omnibus bill in thc Senate yesterdav.
Mr. Yulee moved to amend Mr. Pearcc's amendment
by striking out all that related to -Texa, which was
agreed to, 29 to 23, as follows:
Yeas Messrs. Barnwell, Benton, Butler, Chase,
Clark, Davis, of Miss., Dayton, Dodge, of Wis., Ewing,
Green, Hamlin, Houston, Hunter, Mason, Miller, Mor
ton, Pholps, Rusk. Sebastian, Leonard, Smith. Seward.
Turney, Upham, Walker, Winthrop, Yulce.
Nays Messrs; Atchison, Badger, Bell. Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Dawson, Dick
inson, Dodge, ol Iowa, Douglass, Downs, i eich, 1 oote,
Jones, King, Mangum, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Shidds,
pruanee, hturgeon, Lnuerwood, Wales, hitcomb.
Mr. h alkcr moved to strike out Irom the bill exeert
that which related to California. Rejected yeas 21,
navs 32.
Mr. Atchison moved to strike out all that related to
California. Rejected veas 27, nays 2.9, as follows:
Yeas Atchison, Barnwell, Benton, Berrien, Butler
Clarke, Clemens, of Ala., Dawson. Dodge, of Iowa.
Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King, Mangum,
Mason, Morton, Pearce, Phelps, Pratt, Iluik, Sebastian,
Smith, Soule, Turney, Yulce.
Nays Baldwini Bell, Bradbury, Bright, Coss, Chase,
Clay, Cooper, Davis, of Mass., Dnyton," Dickenson.
Dodge, of Wisconsin, Douglass, Ewing, Felch, Greene,
Halej Hamlin, Miller, Norris, Seward, Shields, Spru
ance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Uphara, Wales, Walker,
Whitcornb, Winthrop.
Mr. itusfe moved to lay the billon the table; which
motion was lost, 20 to 29, as follows;
Yeas Chase, Clarke, Davis of Mds., Dayton,
Dodge, of Wisconsin, Ewing, Greene, Hale, Miller, .
Pearce, Rusk, Seward, Smith, Turney, Ubam, Walker,
Winthrop. -
Nats Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien, Rradburyr
Bricht) Butler. Cass, Cooper, Davis of Miss., Dawson,
Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglass, Downs, Houston,
Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, Norris. Pratt, Scbastiauf
Shields, Soule, Sturgeon, Underwood, Whitcornb, YuW.
The question being then taken on sinking cut Cali
fornia from the bill, it was agreed to yeas 34, nays 25:
Yeas Atchinson. Badger, Baldwin, Barnwell, Btll
Benton, Berrien, Butler, Clark, Clemens, Davis, of
Miss., Dawson, Downs, Ewing, Foote, Hunter, King,
Mansrura, Mason, Morton, Phelps, Pratt, Itnfck, Sebas
tian, Seward, Smith, Soule, Turney, Upham, Winthrop,-
Kits-Borland, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Chase, Coo
per. Clav, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge, of Wisconsin,
Dodge of Iowa, Douglass, Fckh, Hale, Hamlin, Hogs
ton, Jones, Miller, Norris, Shields, Spruauce, Sturgeon,
Underwood, Wales, Walker, Whiteombi
The bill was then ordered to be chgrcsscJ yeas 32
navs IS as follows.
Yeas Atchison, Badger, Benton, Bradbury, Berrien.
Bright, Butler, Cass, Davis, cf Miss., Dawson. Dickin
son, Dodge, of Iowa, Douglass, Downs, Fitch, Houston
Hunter, Jones, King, Mason, Morton, Morris, Praig,
Sebastian, Shields, Soule, Spruancc, Slurgcon, Turney;
Underwood, Wales, and Yulee.
Nays Baldwin, Chase, Blarke, Davis, of Mass., Day
ton, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Ewinc, Green, Hale, Ham
lin, Hunter, Pearce, Seward, Upham, Walker, Whit
comb, and Winthrops
Thus it is seen that the ocrn promise biil hr.s been re
jeeted, except the part relative to Utah, which is cr
grossed for a third reading;
. Mr. Douglass moved that the independent bill fcr the.
admission of California be taken op, for the purpose of
making it thc special order: agreed to 32 to 22.
Mr, Douglass then moved that this bo made the spe
cial order for this day end every day hereafter until it is
disposed of. ,
Mr. Atchison moved to amend by striking out to-d?y
and substituting Monday ; rejected 1 1 to 30.
. KossüTH and AmeIuca. A Protestant missionary
writes from Kossuth's abiding place in Asia Minor, tx
the New York Evangelist, as loliowg;
" As Protestant
missionaries, we were oceanonil'v
allowed tho privilege of meeting and conversing wi:h
Kossuth; And a nobler, truer hearted paTiot, I think.
cannot be found. One cannot long be iu his presence
at least an American without being reminded of our
own loved Washington; His countennnce is so impres
sive of honest worth, and his manner so full of dignity.
As you first meet bim, he appears sad, for he has re
cently shown but little desire to meet and converse with
many he is weighed. down under his country's wrongs;
but as he enters into conversation, this apparent sajae's
soon passes away, and you see the man lull of intellect
ual dignity. In speaking of thc manner cf his over
throw, one day, he remarked, " If I had not bad one or
two A molds" in my campi my poor country had not now
been bleeding, but standing among the powers an hon
orable nation." ; In making mention of tho sympathy ex
pressed towards him in America, he said. " If one Could
choose his place of birth before he was born, America j
of all other lands, would be the place for it is the home
of freedom hut being Once born, the land of birth is thfj
dearest. Could I not aid my fatherland in which I had
rather be a peasant thaa dwcll a king elsewhere t
should choose America äs the loved land of mr udcptioh
CTMadam Ann Bishop sinirs in ten languages. Only
think of it a woman mistress of ten tongues, and nil vC
thou dcür Ltfd is li-tcc t qrea'Jusr .-.Li

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