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Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis) 1841-1853, August 22, 1850, Image 2

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STATE
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SENTINEL
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WILLIAM J. BEOWN, Editor,
INDIAN-APOLKT, AUGUST 1850.
Population of the City.-
The Indiana Journal of Monday says: "On last
Saturday Mr. Hand", U. S. Deputy Marshal, finished
theermmeralion of the inhabitants of the City. He
informs us that the number of persons in the corpo
rate limits is 8,034, being an increase of 1,530 since
1st August, IS49, or a gain of a little over 23 1-2
per cent, in one year.
This is a remarkably large increase, and greater
than was anticipated by our citizens, although it was
known that large additions had been, made to our
population-
During the same time the increase fn tile value of
taxables was 300,485 about 13 per cent, or nearly
200 dollars for each person added to the population.
What other place m this country can show as favor
able statistics for the past year?"
There are 30 lawyers, 25 practising physicians
.t.,1 ki minier in' (Le citv about 800 natives of
other countries, mostly Germans, Irish and Scotch,
and 500 negroes.
Sew Mexico and California.
" Kranlned. That tho Territories of New Mexico and
California are ia fact and in law free Territories, and
that it is the duty of Congress to prevent tho introduc
tion of slavery within their limits."
The above resolution was adopted at the Slate
Convention that nominated Joseph A. Wright for
r.r.vpmor. It was adopted to set the democratic
partv right before the people. The charge was con
tinually made by the whig press of the Slate, that the
democratic party was in favor of the extension of
slavery to our new territories. Knowing this to be an
unfounded charge, the Convention thought it due to
themselves and due to the party they represented, to
set this matter forever at rest.
The Goshen Democrat would seem to indicate, by
its last article, that this resolution fully endorses the
doctrines of the Wilmot proviso, now considered
almost obsolete by the great body of the whig as
well as the democratic parties. But no sensible
man will come to any such a conclusion. A resolu
tion adopting the Wilmot proviso for the democratic
creed of Indiana never could have been adopted by a
demecratic Convention of this State; but a resolu
tion, like the present, opposing the introduction of
slavery into our new territories has the unanimous
approbation of every democrat in the Slate. The
Sentinel has ever opposed any such a measure; but
in dicing: so, we have not considered it our duty to
endort i the " higher law " doctrines of Seward, or
the ravings of Giddlngs and Hale, much less the
doctrines of Garrison and" hi satelites.
Ho sensible man can take up the Goshen Demo
crat, for the last six months, and say that it has at
all represented1 the sentiments of the men who, in
Convention, adopted this resolution. Mr. Ellis, its
editor, has been called by West, the editor of the
Lafayette Journal, who formerly published a paper
in South Bend, near Goshen, "a Garrison Aboli
tionist and Oberlin Perfectionist." This charge
He has never denied, and until he does so, we cannot
see the propriety of his lecturing the Sentinel for de
serting the democratic creed. We venture one pre
diction, and that 'u, that should we all live, the day
will yet come, and that not remote, when the editors
of the State Sentinel will be found better friends of
the colored man than the editor of the Democrat ever
was or ever will be, for we consider the doctrine of
amalgamation at war with the true interests of both
races.
The State Sentinel, we believe, agrees in opinion
with Governor Wright on the slavery question, and
we know he has not changed his opinions on this sub
ject since his election as Governor. The people
elected him by a triumphant vote, and would do so
to morrow, by a much larger majority. The Lieu
tenant Governor, who received a larger majority,
also entertains the same sentiments. Where, then,
h the desertion of the Sentinel? It can only be found
in the brain of a ' Garrison abolitionist and Oberlin
Perfectionist."
We again reiterate, with such an organ for the
democratic party, we do not wonder that our friends
have met with a Waterloo defeat in old democratic
Elkhart. In 1849, we understand, the Goshen Demo
crat took the ground that the Wilmot proviso was
unconstitutional.
Steamship for Liberia.
In this number of the Sentinel' will be found an
extract from the report of Mr. Stanton f from the
committee on Naval Affairs, to-whom was referred
the memorial of Joseph Bryan and others, praying
the establishment of a line of steamers from the
United Slates to the-coast of Africa, to promote the
colonization of free persons of color, to suppress
the African slave trade, to carry the mails, and to
extend the commerce of the United States.
The present plan is to build three steam vessels, to
be employed' in the above service. We have re
cently conversed with Lieut. McDougal of the Na
vy, at present on a visit to our city, and who has
been, for the last two years and a half on the Afri
can coast, and who has frequently visited the Repub
lic of Liberia. He unites with most others, who
have given their views on the subject, that the most
effectual means of preventing tho Slave trade, ia to
plant colonies on the coast; and consequently is
warmly in favor of some plan, similar to the one ad
vocated by Mr. Stanton. With regard to missionary
efforts in Africa, by white men, lie believes nothing
ever will be accomplished. If ever Africa is re
deemed from the darkness of heathenism that sur
rounds her, it must be by planting colonies on the
coast, of enlightened colored men from the United
States, where a wide field will be opened before
them to extend the blessings of civilization and
Christianity to their benighted countrymen.
The present emigrants to Africa are of the better
class of our colored population many of them.ed
ucated and qualified at once to engage in commer
cial and other pursuits. Lieutenant McD. gave us an
instance of a colored man of his acquaintance, who,
in a few years, had accumulated a handsome for
tune: He represents the soil as very fertile and but
little labor necessary to procure a subsistence.
What a field is here presented to the intelligent
son of Africa! A field where he may be a man,
freeman. A field, where, if he loves the gospel, in
which life and immortality arc brought to light, he
may be an active agent in reclaiming millions that
are perishing for the lack of vision not only igno
rant, but brutalized to the lowest point of degrada
tion. Here, in this country, his own condition wil
L daily getting worse. Should men of the South
become convinced of the evils of slavery, and eman
cipate their slaves to any extent, they will be thrown
upon the free Statej, and, in self-defence, prohibitory
laws will be enacted. The question has already
been mooted in Indiana, and many advocates of a
prohibitory clause, against people of color, will be
bund in our Convention that is shortly to assemble
petition to their Convention is now circulating
amongst the people of Ohio, which has been pub
ished in the newspapers, not only for prohibiting
the emigration of people of color, but for the remo-
al of thoiC already residing in the Slate. This pe
tition says :
"In the vcar 1S00. there were but 530 negroes in the
States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois; but in tho vcar
1S43 they were estimated at 30.000 in the State of Ohio
alone. 'This shows that our colored population has
een doubling itself once in every eight vears, a ratio of
increase which, if continued for fifty years langer, will
give us a colored population of over two millions of ne
groes and mixed bloods. These facts alone, we think,
present matter of much moment for your consideration.
and call for sonic prompt and derided action.
formerly the emigration of white people to this State
was of equal ratio to that of negroes, but such we
think is no longer the ease. But on the contrary, the
more Western States and our Pacific territories now
take away as many of our white people as Eastern emi
gration send in. lint the negroes induced here by our
recently adopted policy, and an cxcetMvc r.egro sympa
thy in our people, are Mowing in nine j more rapidly than
ever. If then, in connexion wiMi this state of thinirs.
the emigration from Europe should bo checked either by
prohibitory laws or otherwise, a policy which seems to
connect itself with the neuro sympathy, we must neces
sarily see a decrease, or at least a very low increase of
tne white population, while the negroes must increase
rapidly. To meet these conscnucncrs. which 'seem now
to be inevitable, what shall be done?
To place the two races upon an entire coualitv is an
act at once repugnant to the order of nature, which no
wise legislature will tolerate, or ever suffer to be done.
To keep them on terms of inequality in a free State,
presents an inconsistency with tne idea of free institu
tions, which cannot well bo defended, and which cannot
long be continued when tho black population becomes as
numerous as ours is about to become. Therefore, in the
opinion of your petitioners, ono of three things only, is
possible: t.aher the irhite people must remove jrom the
Slate anil give it vp to the negroes; the ttro races must amal
gamate; or the negroes must be removed."
We have no room for comments at present. We
have a firm conviction, that, under the Providence
of God, much will be done for the African race du
ring the present generation. We are for something
practical.
tThe Indiana Journal is greatly surprised, that
we did not, in our last paper, announce the name of
the Hon. Jesse D. Bright amongst other candidates
Ibr the Senate of the United States. That paper ha3
kept the name of Mr. Bright so prominently before
the public for the last twelve months that it would be
useless to do so. So far as the democratic candi
dates for the United States Senate are concerned,
or those we have heard mentioned in connection
with that lEcc, we believe they are all "patrons"
of the State Sentinel they all lake our paper, an::
shall al! have equal justice extended to them, so far
as they conform to the usages of the democratic
party.
JlThe Danville Advertiser, speaking of the late
elections in this State, says: " The result shows tha
the Whigs of Indiana are loosing ground that un
less they can be prevailed upon to throw off the list
Iessnesj that has characterized their action for some
time past, and thoroughly arouse, they will continue
fo looe ground until every county in the State be
comes democratic."
A very good apology for defeat. Your plans were
well arranged, but your principles were objection
able. Democracy was in the field, not men merely
Iowa Elections.
A letter from Keokuck to the St. Louis Intelligen
cer, says : The returns from Kanesville (the Mor
mon precincts) have just been received here, and
stand whig 371, democratic 80. This settles the elec
tion of Henn, democratic member of Confess from
this district, by a majority of 200 or 300. Returns
from oilier parts of the State indicate tho election of
the whole democratic State ticket, two Congressmen
and a democratic majority in both branches of the
Legislature." Wright, the whig candidate for Con
gress, is therefore defeated.
fj"All the counties have been heard from except
Blackford and Jay, whieb elect one Representative
and one Representative Delegale. In our next we
hope to be able to give a complete and perfect list
of the Delegates to the Convention, and Members o
the Legislature.
CrHon. O. B. Ficklin has been nominated for
Congress by the Democracy of the Third district of
Illinois. .
CrThe Annual Conference of the M. E. Church
fur Northern Indiana, commences in Cambridge, to
day. ' -
The Southern Platform.
Elwood Fisher's paper, the Southern Press, con-
ains the following resolutions, adopted by the
Southern members of Congress in caucus:
MEETING OF THE SOUTHERN MEMBERS OF
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
At lenirth we have to congratulate the Soth on the
attainment of greater unity among her representatives
than has yet been known
At a meetinn held a lew evenings since, me luiiowmg
members were appointed a- eoromUtee on resolutions;.
Mr. Toombs, Chairman.
Messrs. Seddon, Thompson, Houston", Bowie, Cling-
man, Burt, Cabell, Milliard, aiorse, jonnson, Jiore
head, Green, Howard, Thomas.
We understand that the deliberations of the commit
tee resulted in almost entire unanimity, and accordingly
Mr. Toombs chairmairof the Committee of Fifteen,
reported the following resolutions, which were adopted:
First. Resolved, that no citizen shall be deprived of
his life, liberty, or preperty except by the judgment of
bis peers and the laws of the land; and that the com
mon law, as it existed in the American colonics on the
4th of July, 1776, and the Constitution- and laws of tho
United States, applicable to our i erritorics, shall be tho
fundamental law of the said Territories.
Second. Resolved, that in the event that non-slave hold
ing States oniect tnus to put me me, noerty, aim prop.
IlauoVer College.
The Commencement exercises of this institution
took place during the past week. A communication
in the Madison Banner gives the particulars:
"On Wednesday evening the Union Literarv Society
was addressod by Rev. J. M. Stevenson, of New Alba
ny, in a very able and effective manner. Tho delivery
of diplomas to the graduates was by J. L. Scott, Es.,
of Cincinnati. The exercises were all of an interesting
character.
" On Thursday the commencement exercises took
place. The pieces delivered by the young gentlemen
were or a high order, not excelled on nv similar occa
sion which it has teen my privilege to attend. There
was a beauty of diction, maturity of thought, and an
ease and grace of delivery displayed by each which
clearly showed that the students had been under the
teachings of those who were well fitted to discharge the
duties of their important trust, and had with fidelity dis
charged them.
" V here all were good, to particularize would be in
vidious. The valedictory of W. W. Sickels, of Switzer.
land county, in this State, was a happily conceived pro
duction, and was delivered in a manner calculated to fix
it deeply upon the tablets of memory. And the closing
address by President Thomas was admirable.
"In the evening the Philalcthcan Society was addressed
by Rev. Dr. Hall, of Dayton, Ohio, on the ' Sacrcdness
of Labor.' It was a noble argument in defence of the
dignity and necessity of labor. 4 It was God'x will ' hn
remarked, ' that all should work in some department of
labor, cither mental or physical, lhe idle man was a
disgrace to himself, his race, and bis God, and was not
fit to live in this fair world, so full of the evidences of
Uod'a handiwork.'
44 The delivery of diplomas to the graduates was by
J. II. L. Vannuys, of Franklin, Ind., and was well wor
thy of the accomplished speaker, and reflected honor
upon his Alma Mater.
44 The prospects of Hanover Collegowere nevermore
promising than at the present time. Under the guid-
ance of its distinguished president, assisted by the other
members of the very able faculty, its course will most
assuredly tie 4 onward and upward,' and, in its future
prosperity and usefulness, realize the most sanguine ex.
pectations of its friends. It is doubtless destined to act
a distinguished part in educating and elevating the im
mense multitude who are thronging their way to the
great Valley of the Mississippi, which is yet to become
the centre of the mightiest empire on which the sun has
ever shone."
Vote on the California. Bill. The fol
lowing is the vote in the United States Senate on the
engrossment for a third reading of the bill for the
admission of California into the Union:
Yeas Messrs. Baldwin, Bell, Benton, Bradbury,
Bright, Cass, Chase, Cooper, Davis of Massachusetts,
uicxinson, ui2 ol Wisconsin, Uodjro ol Iowa, Jjoug
lass, Ewing. Felch, Green, Hale, Hamlin, Houston,
Miller, INorris, Phelps, Seward, Shields, Smith, Spro
ance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham, Wales, Walker
Wbitcomb, and Winthrop 33.
Nats Messrs. Atchison, Barnwell, Berrien, Butler,
Clemens, Davis of Mississippi. Dawson, Downs, Foote,
iiunter, n.mg, jviason, morion, iratt, Kusk, Sebastian
Soule, Turncv, and Yulee 19.
Absent Messrs. Badger. Borland, Clarke, Clay,
Uayton, Jones, Mangum, and rearce S.
Ohio State Fair Postponed. The time for
holding the State Fair at Cincinnati has been changed
to the 2d, 3d, and 4th days of October next.
ertv" of American citizens under American laws, we will
insist upon a division of the country on the line of 3b
des. and 30 mins., with a distinct recognition and pro
tection of property in slaves.
Third. Resolved, that wo will not vote for the admis
sion of California, unless the Southern Boundary be re
stricted to the parallel of 36 degs. and 30 mius. north
latitude.
Fourth. Resolved. We will not agree to any Boundary
between Texas and New Mexico which projwscs to cede
to New Mexico, any portion or territory South ol the
parallel of 36,30 North lat., and West of the Rio Grande,
prior to the adjustment of the territorial questions.
Fifth. Resolved, that the representatives of the slave
holding States will resist by all usual legislative and con
stitutional means tho admission of the State of Cali
fornia and tho adjustment of the Texas Boundary until
a settlement ol tne lenuoriai questions is roaue.
Sixth. Be it further resolved, that tho powers and du
ties of the Committee of Fifteen be continued until fur
ther action of the meeting ; and that the chairman of that
committee, by tho concurrence of any threo members,
mav, at any time, call a meeting of the representatives
of tho slave-holding states.
This is what the Southern members call their ul
timatum, and unless the North submits to their de
mands, they will dissolve all connexion with the
Northern States. We are gratified to learn that
several Southern members did not attend the meet
ing, and some that did, refused to concur in the
T7
proceedings. Col. Humphrey Marshall, of the Lou
isville District, Kentucky, was the chairman, and
we do hope, for" the fair fame of the Colonel, he will
not suffer himself to be mixed up with any of these
transactions, which are designed, by factious move
ments and captious conduct, to defeat all useful
legislation.
The country is in a deplorable condition, when
the members of Congress from a particular section
of the Union, arc to dictate to a majority what legis
lation is to be adopted, and fix the priority of bust
ness; and, if restricted, then they are to resort to
all constitutional and parliamentary means to i'feat
them. By this course, the power of a majority is
destroyed, and the whole legislation of the country;
the necessary supplies to carry on the governmen
lie at the feet of a factious minority, literally de
stroying that principle heretofore recognized, that a
majority shall govern.
By a provision in the Constitution of the United
States, one-fifth of the members present may call
the ayes and noes. This provision in the Constitu
tion, which has heretofore had a most salutary effect,
is now about being converted into an engine to de
feat all useful legislation. There are two hundred
and thirty members; forty-seven, when the House is
full, may demand the ayes and noes; but, ordinarily,
about thirty only is necessary, owing to the number
of absentees. It requires thirty minutes to call the
roll, and enter the names. Thus it will be readily
seen, that motions may be multiplied, and the roll
called, until the end of the session, and all legisla
tion defeated.
The fifth resolution evidently looks to such action.
The Southern Press, the organ of this faction, warns
the North against the consequences of admitting the
State of California with her present boundaries and
Constitution. This is the mild language of Friend
Fisher, and is nothing compared to the threats,
which, every day, appear among the published pro
ceedings of the House. But hear the organ:
California Bill. This bill comes before the Sen
ate to-day, and we are informed that1 ks passage Mill
be urged by the majority, without any amendment for
the division of that territory.
The Senate has acquired the character of a conserva
tive body. If it sanctions this bill it will take tho lead
as a destructive one.
We have presented, from time to time, arguments
against this measure and the argument has a Uo been
mado with overwhelming force by Southern Senators.
Perhaps the time for argument has passed.
We consider it our duty now to refer to the conse
quences. If this bill passr-s both honscs. it is made the dnty of
the Governor of Georgia, by a resolution of the Legis
lature of that State at its last session, to convene that
liody by proclamation forthwith. That duty will be
promptly ptrjormed. The LcgUlature will meet prompt
ly. II that I ody retains the sentiments ot last session,
or above all, if tho members respect the sentiments of
the people as pronounced at the recent extraordinary de
monstrations of public opinion, at a multitude of public
meetings in that State, it may be expected that the
most decisive and effective measures will bo taken.
When Georgia shall have thus decided, South Carolina
will follow in ten days with an unanimity never sur
passed, in any community on any measure." These two
States will oiler ample aid to Texas. Mississippi, Ala
bama, and Florida, will immediately follow. And
when this is done the fate of the Union "will probably bo
decided.
If wo were in favor of a dissolution of the Union, we
would delight in nothing so much as in the passage of
the proposed bill. That would clf.;ct it sootier or later.
It indicts a wound on Southern feeling that never can be
healed. It will of itself create a Disunion party there
tha nothing can overthrow.
We trust, however, that the California bill, if on
changed, will be contested inch by inch in the Senate,
and if passed there, in the House also. Time is with
us. The Southern people are becoming more and more
united and decided. When time is thus given when
the argument is exhausted, and tho consequences arc
obvious, the South will have done her duty the North
may take tho responsibility.
The Southern Press of the 11th inst., contains the
passage of the California bill by the Senate, and says
the time has been when the country looked to the
Senate. The South must now look to the
House; or, at least, we suppose, the Southern por
tion of it, to obstruct the wheels of legislation. We
hope that no such course as the one indicated by the
resolutions and the Southern organ will be pursued;
but that the measures already passed by the Senate
will also pass the House, and that Congress will
speedily adjourn. "
The Washington Union, speaking of the late meet
ing of Southern Representatives, says: " We have
been informed that about forty-two persons were pre
sent, and that twelve of those dissented from the po
sition of the majority. If this be so, the almost en
tire unanimity of the committee cannot be regarded
as an evidence of unanimity among the southern
members of the House of Representatives in sup
porting all the resolutions." .
New Mexico.-
Tlie Washington Union of Friday last, says : " The
protest of the ten Senators against the California bill
called forth another and an interesting debate yester
day. It finally resulted in laying the whole subject
on the table by a vote of 23 to 19'.
44 As soon as the question fiad been terminated", Mr.
Douglass called up the engrossed bill for regulating
the territorial government of New Mexico. There
was no further debate on the bill; and on taking
the question by yeas and nays, the bill was passed
by a vote of 27 to 10. ......
"This bill has passed the Senate entirely divested
of the Wilmot Proviso. But it is believed by some
that in the House of Representatives a motion will
be made to amend it, as well as the Utah bill, by
attaching the Wilmot Proviso to it. We cannot be
lieve that it will be attended with success; for a more
liberal spirit begins to prevail in this respect over
the North and North-west, as we find by the extra
ordinary melioration of the public sentiment in Mich
igan and Indiana, and other States, and also among
many of the members of Congress. But should it
unfortunately pass the House of Representatives, it
will be arrested in the Senate."
The following is the vole on the passage of the bil
to establish the territorial government of New Mex
ico: -
Yeas Messrs. Atchison, Badser, Berrien, Benton
Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Cooper, Dawson, Dodge of
Iowa, Douglass, Downs, k elch, Houston, Hunter, King
Manuum, "Mason, Norris. Pratt. Rusk. Sebastian
Shields, Sturgeon, Underwood, Wales, and Whitcomb
27.
ISats Messrs. Chase, Davis of Mass., Dodire of
Wis., Greene, Hamlin, Miller, Phelps, Upham. Walker
aim w mtiirop iu.
Mr. Dickinson, who was present, said he woul
have voted for the bill ; but he had paired off with
his colleague, Mr. Seward, and had agreed not to
vote on this bill.
(fcSrOn the 13th inst., after the passage of the Cal
ifornia bill, Mr. Douglass's bill, providing for a terri
torial government for New Mexico was taken up
Mr. Butler of South Carolina opposed so much haste
with these bills, while a bill more important the fu
gitive slave bill had been pending for months. Mr
Whitcomb made the following
EXPLANATION.
Mr. Whitcomb. I beg the privilege, Mr. President
to make a personal explanation. From what has fallen
troin the senator from Mississippi and other senators.
feel called upon to state that, at a pretty early period af-
ier me inirouuciion 01 tne lugitive slave Mil, before it
underwent modification, and certainlv before the Com
mittee of Thirteen was raised, I spoke to sundry sena
tors in relation to that subject. It occurred to my mind
then that the loss of slaves from their running away was
a practical grievance that rankled more in the sensihili
ties of the South, especially in the border States, and af
fected their interests more, than any other question du
ring the present session; and, for the purpose of satisfy
ing the people of the South, it appeared to me that there
was a disposition in the North to do them justice, accor
ding to the provisions of the constitution of the United
States, which it was imperative, as I considered it, upon
al of us to observe. I mentioned this subject to several
senators with whom I had intercourse ; and I recollect
distinctly of calling at tho room of the senator from
Michigan, and of speaking with the senator from Mis
. : : : . i i - . . . ...
ismoju ujion mo suoject. l also spoüe witn you, sir,
Mr. President, and I recollect of your replying that it
was a delicate subject to move to take up that bill, when
it was considered by courtesy as ratheiMinder the guid
ance of the honorable senator who introduced it. I M as
myself a comparative stranger to the rules of courtesy
in thjs body, and was not much acquainted even with the
parliamentary rules; yet I thought I would take an op
portunity of speaking with the honorable senator from
Virginia myself, and suggest the propriety of introdu
cing it at an early period..
Now, sir, I saw at that time thut the bill would need
somo modification. It provided that every postmaster
should have the power of listening to evidence, and read
ing the certificates. I saw at once, considering the vast
number of such officers, and the degree of intelligence
of many of them, that it would be utterly ridiculous, if
not impracticable, to attempt to carry out'thc law in that
way. I was anxious, therefore, to take it up, and see it
assiimo a shape that would commend itself to the patri
otism and judgment of the great mass of the people
Mil North and South. I felt ready myself, under my
sense of duty to the constitution, to do what I thought
was light, and what I thought would be acceptable" to
ine poopie oi ioth sections, l took an occasion to con
verse with the senator from Virginia upon the bubject as
we were coming from the Capitol one morning. That
was before the Committee of Thirteen was formed. I
mention it because I have already been alluded to in re
gard to this matter, and as evidence of mv disposition.
as one of the members of this body, to endeavor to allay
me sirne ana agitation that nave pervaded this country,
and which have caused so much waste of time in this
chamlitr, by putting that question upon a practical basis,
wnien would commend Used to the great mass of the peo
ple of this country. The honorable senator from Vir
ginia knows tho result of that conversation, and it is not
necessary for me to say anything more than that he ac
ceded to my request to bring it before the Senate.
IVow, sir, I am prepared to do my duty under the con
stitution ; but I certainly do not feel at liberty to vote for
the hill in the shape in which it was first presented. I
do not pledge myself even to vote for it in its present
shape j but I do pledge myself to vote for it in such a
shape as I hope will commend it to the confidence and
patriotism of the great mass of the people of these Uni
ted States, both North and South.
Steamships for Liberia.
By the politeness of Mr. Stanton of Tenn. we have
received Iiis report from the' committee on Naval
Affairs, on the subject of estabEshmg a line of steam-
hips to the Coasl of Africa, designed to promote
the colonization of free persons of color, to suppress
the African Slave Trade, to carry the Mails, and to
extend" the commerce of the United States."'
The Lafayette Journal says, " We tike pleasure
in placing the material points of this Report before
our readers, and ask for them an earnest considera
tion. The subject is a humane one; and .one that
should command the warmest sympathies of our
race. While the influence of the Republic of Libe
ria has been shown in the complete suppression of
the trade along a coast of several hundred miles in
length combined squadrons of Europe and America
have not been so successful on other portions of that
unhappy shore. In 1S47, no less than 84,356 slaves
were exported from Africa to Cuba and Brazil. In
the opinion of the Committee it is liighly important
to prevent the further Africanizing of the American
continent. An opposite movement, so far as the
free blacks are concerned, is far more in accordance
with the spirit of the age, and with the best interests
of all American Governments.
" We omit that part of the Report confirming the
Constitutionality of the project. It was the opinion
of Mr. Jefferson that the United States had power to
establish colonies for the free blacks on the coast of
Africa, and he desired its exercise. Chief Justice
Marshall and Mr. Madison concurred in this opinion.
And it is to be observed that the first purchase in the
Colony of Liberia was made by the Government of
the United States. The opinions of the leading ju
rists of our day do not appear to differ from those of
the great founders of the Constitution, who believed
not only that indirect aid to the cause of colonization
may be given in accordance with that instrument,
but that the Government has power to establish the
colonies themselves."
The report proceeds to say :
interest, it will stand immortalized on the page of bis'
tory
A letter from th Hon. R, J. Walker, Secretary
of the Treasury, Onder Mr. Polk's administration,
and another of tlie Vice Presidents of the American
i Colonization Society, says :
I have bad no time to examine the details of the plan,
but as regards the main question, I most fully concur in
the policy of a removal of our frcs blacks to Littcria,
through the instrumentality of steamships, and with the
aid of the Government of the United Slates. The plan
presented seems to roe free from all constitutional ob
jections. It seems, alo, to be perfectly practicable,
and its successful execution would confer incalculable
blessings upon our country. Indeed, I have ever re
garded colonization and abolition as antagonist measures,
(rThe Panama Echo states that tickets for the
Oregon, from San Francisco, sold on the 6th ult., for
$600 for cabin, and 100 for steerage.
CrDuring the month of July 131,989 letters were
sent to Europe from New Yoik, and 110,379 receiv
ed during the same time.. ' ... '
The Omnibus.
The New York " Sunday Atlas" has a very amus
ing carricalure of the Omnibus, which is driven by
Mr. Clay, and contains as passengers his twelve as
sociates on the committee of thirteen. The writer
is a free-soiler and friend of Seward, and does not,
in his graphic description of the driver or his pas
sengers, assign to them a very enviable destination,
or honest motive, for the drive, and thinks their next
journey will be to the land of oblivion, or lhe new
settlements of Salt river. He assigns to Mr. Bright
a very conspicuous place, and is tlie only Senator he
treats with any kind of justice or fairness. After an
ill-natured allusion to Mr. Dickinson, of New York,
he says : " Next to the New York Calo, sits an In
diana Roman, who is always willing to do his duty
and aid all benevolent designs, in behalf of the peo
ple, provided he is satisfied of their utility. He is
a plain, modest man, endowed with great good sense,
unsullied integrity, and a nice sense of honor. He
6ays but little, but that little is always apposite."
fjirThe Southern Press of the 15th inst. contains
the protest of Messrs. Mason and Hunter, of Va.,
Butler and Barnwell, of S. C, Turney, of Tenn.,
Soule, of Lou., Davis, of Miss., Atchison, of Mo.,
and Morton and Yulee, of Florida, against the pas
sage of the California bill. It concludes as follows:
Lastly, we dissent from this hill, and solemnly pro
test against its passage, because in sanctioning meas
ures so contrary to former precedent, to obvious policy,
to the spirit and interest ol the Constitution of the Uni
ted States, for the purpose of excluding the ilavcholding
States from the territory thus to be erected into a State,
this Government in cficct declares that the exclusion of
slavery from tho territory of the United States, is an ol
jeet so high and important as to justify a disregard not
only of all tho principles of sound policy, but also of tho
Constitution itself. Against this conclusion we must
now and forever protest, as it is destructive of the safe
ty and liberties of those whoso rights have been com
mitted to our care, fatal to tho peaco and equality of tho
States, which we represent, ami must lead, if persisted
in, to the dissolution of that confederacy in which the
slavcholding States have never sought more than equal
ity and in which they will not be content to remain with
Icks.
" Instead of four ships, it is proposed to make the line
consist of three, which shall make monthly trips to Li-
lieria, touching on their return at certain points in Spain,
Portugal, France and England, thus: ono ship will leave
New York every three months, touching at Savann.ih for
freight and mails; one will leave Baltimore every three
months, touching at ISortolk and Charleston, lor passen
gers, freight and mails ; and one will leave New Orleans
every three months, with liberty to touch at any of the
West India Islands. They M ill proceed directly to Li
beria, with liberty to touch at any of the islands or ports
of the coast of Africa ; thence to "Gibraltar, carrvinu the
Mediterranean mails; thence to Cadiz, or some other
port of Spain, to be designated by the Government
thence to Lisbon; thence to Brest, or some other port
ol i ranee, to le Uesisnateu as alove: and thence to
London bringing mails from all those points to the
United States.
ach ship to le of not less than 4000 tons burden, ami
tne cost ol each not to exceed $yw,W0. The Govern
ment to advance two thirds of the cost of construction
from time to time, as the buildinir nrocresses the ad
vance to be made in five per cent, stocks payable at tho
end ol JU years such advance to be repaid bv the con
tractors in equal annual installments, besinnin;; and end
ing with the service. Tho said ships to be built in ac
cordancc with plans to he submitted to and approved by
the Secretary ol' the Navy, and under the superintendence
of an ollicer to be appointed by the Secretary of the Na
vy, and to be so constructed as to be convertible, at the
least possible expense, into war steamers of the first
cIjss. The ships to le kept np by alterations, repairs,
or additions, to be approved by the Secretary of the
avv. so as to bo at alt times tully equal to the cxigen
cies of the service, and the faithful performance of the
contract.
Each ship to be commanded by an officer of the Navy
. 4 ....
who with our passed midshipmen to serve as watch
officers, shall be accommodated in a manner suitable to
their rank, without charge to the Government. The
Secretary of the Navy at all times to have the right to
place on board of each ship two guns of heavy calibre,
and the men necessary to serve them, to-be accommo
dated and provided for by the contractors.
The Secretary of the Navy to exercise at all times
such control ov- said ships as may not be inconsistent
with these terms, and to have the rfght to take them, or
cither of them, in case of war, for the exclusive use and
service of the United States, on paying the value thereof;
such value not exceeding tho cost, to be ascertained by
appraisers mutually chosen by the Secretary and the
Contractors. The Secretary also to have power to di
rect, at the expense of the Government, such changes in
the machinery and internal arrangements of the said
ships, or any of them, as he, at any time, may deem ad
visable. ,
The contractors are further required to stipulate to
carry, on each and every voyage they may make, so
many emigrants, being free persons of color, and not ex
ceeding 2,500 for each voyage, as tho American Coloni
zation Society may send ; the said Society paying in ad
vance $10 for each emigrant over twelve years of acre,
and $5 for each one under that age ; these sums to In
clude the transportation of baggage, and the daily sup
ply of sailors' rations.
The contractors also to convey, free from cost, such
necessary agents as the G vernment or the Colonization
Society may require, upon each one of 6aid ships.
Two of said shiss to be finithed and ready for sea
within two and a half years, and the other within three
years, after the execution of the contiact.
The Government to pay $40,000 for each and every
trip; and to exact ample security for the faithful per
formance of the contract, lesidcs taking a lien on the
ships for the repayment of tho sums advanced. The
contract to continue 15 years from the completion of all
the ships.
The expense of running the ships, viz: fuel, wages of the
crew, provisions, stores, dock charges, he.r bor dues, pilot
age, agents, light-house dues, &c., which cannot lie esti
mated at less than $50,000 per voyage, considering that
the distance to Liberia, and thence home, via Madeira,
Gibraltar, Cadiz, Lisbon, Brest, and London, is about
12,000 mi cs, and that each voyage, with the necessary
delays in the various ports, will occupy about three
months.
Thus it will be seen that the contractors will have of
their probable expenses, more than two tLirds of a mil
lion, or $57,000 each voyage, to be made by commerce
and passengers, independent of the Government pay and
tho profit from the Colonization Society.
It will be observed that, as the Colonization Society
now pay for the transportation of emigrants to Liberia
in sailing vessels, not less than 30 per head, the proposed
arrangement will make the actual cost eventually less
than this, even adding the amount to bo paid by the
United States for this service to the amount to he paid
by the said Society, without estimating the receipt from
mails, which will probably be very large.
At the commencement of operations, when it is esti
mated that tho first two ships will carry out 1,000 or
1,500 emigrants for each voyage, the cost will le little
more than it is at present, while the passage will be
quicker, pleasantcr and healthier, offering great induce
ments to emigrants, and placing them upon the shores
of Liberia in a sound and efficient condition
As the capacity of tho Colony to receive a large num
ber of emigrants increases, the ratio of expense will bo
diminished.
Appended are letters from several distinguished
gentlemen approving of the object of the report.
The Hon. Elisiia Wiiittlesy, one of the
Vice Presidents of the , American Colonization
Society, says: ,
and that the success of the fust would overthrow the
latter, and thus rescue our beloved country from the
danger of disunion.
Governor Weight, of our own State, unite
leartily in the cause. He says:
Some movement of the kind is much needed ; for thff
youth of the free States are growing up ignorant of the?
merits oi colonization, anu very tcpiicai as to us nnai
success. 1 Lis has been produced by the labors or mew
n the North who have never investigated the subject
and who have poured contempt on all your attempts to1
colonize they have been too successful in indoctrinating"
the vouth ol the North. A want ol laitn in the enter'
prise, or confidence ia its final success, will soon para
yze all your eflorts in the North ; lor in a lew years the -
unbelief of our young men will lieeeme confirmed, and
when they grasp the reins of government, which they
will do in tue course of time, African colonization will
be discarded by the Iorth.
1 he best remedy that can be devised lor the above
ignorance and scepticitm, among Northern men, will be a
bold and decided movement on the part of the General
Government, which will look directly toward the seper.
ation of the colored race from the vhite race, and the
erection of the colored people into an independent com
monwcalth.
This movement will confound the opponents of colo
nization in the North ; it will send a thrill of confidence
through the hearts of all our friends; it will compel the
people to think and talk on the subject of a national
colonization enterprise, and it will-compel each news
paper in the land to speak out on the subject. Discus
sion is all we want, tor then we can make thousands ol
friends; in short, we can indoctrinate the nation with
our opinions, " and opinion rules the world."
As to Mr. B s plan, we are willing that he and bis friends
shall have the monopoly of the African trade for a time ;
but that monopoly should lc so guarded as to make it a
source of wealth to Liberia, and not a drain on the
wealth "of that Republic, or be calculated to retard her
progress. The tist India Company bas been a stu
pendous leech on British India, from which it bas drawn
untold millions, and under whose management India
must become impoverished, and made dependent on
Enffland.
The interest of colonization requires that we foster
Liberia, and not impoverish l;cr. If Mr. B. is to be re.
muncrated for his trouble, and doubtless he should be
paid, and well paid, let the American people pay him,
and not Africa. So plan the scheme that it will be the
interest of the free man of color to go to Africa, and this
can be best accomplished by making Liberia a wealthy
commercial nation.
It would he well to blend the Colonization Society
and Mr. B's company into one association, if possible,
and procure liberal provisions from the General Govern
ment, granting large powers for forming settlements and
trading stations on the coast of Africa; but having no
power to bold real estate in Africa, except a few acres
at proper points on the coast for factories, around which
colonics might he established, which, growing into
states, would in due time take their place among the
states of the Liberian confederacy.
I know of no enterprise of this nge that we, as Ameri
cans, should be so willing to take hold of as one man,
with nerve and energy, as lhat of the settlement of
Liberia.
As one citizen of this nation, I would be willing to
make all my contributions, and devote the last dollar of
my means, to the colonization of the black man of this
country to Liberia.
How to Puzzle the Rocces. In the genuine notes
of tho State Bank of Ohio, there are as many human fig
ures represented as the bill is worth dollars. If the
counter lei tera wish to alter the small bills to large ones,
as a$l to $100, they would have to put in ninety-nine
human figures a thing not quite so eusily done.
ICTA spoonfull of Horseradish put into a pan of milk
will preserve the milk sweet for several days, either in
the cjcn air or in a cellar, while other milk will turn.
My attention was first drawn to the subject of African
colonization at the annual meeting of the Society, in
1323. when listening to tho remarks or the Hon. Robert
Goodloe Harper, and others. From that time to the
present, my belief has been, and now is, that an " all
wiso Providence" will accomplish, through the institu
tion of slavory in this country, the civilization and
Christianization of Africa, by the agency of this Society
and its kindred associations. The Republic of Liberia
invites those who wish to give freedom to the human
beings they held in bondage to do so, without any excite
ment, commotion, or opposition. An acceptance of the
invitation violates no right, alarms no fear, wounds no
feeling, awakens no jealousy. One party is relieved
from a heavy responsibility, and the other enjoys, in the
land of their fathers, civil and religious freedom. Every
intelligent emigrant from this country is a mission
ary to, and an instructor of, bis brethern. Africa
will be Christianized when parts of Asia will be in hea
then darkness.
The plan ranks with the most important of those of
the interesting age in which we live; and, if patronized
by Congress, will richly bless two continents. There
has been no colony fo prosperous, or that has achieved
so much within the same space of time, as the colony of
Lihcria; and it is a remarkable fact, that during a per.
iod of thirty years, since the first expedition was fitted
out to Africa, not a life has been lost bv shipwreck.
If this Congress shall co-operate in this great national !
For the Indiana State Sentinel.
Jesse D. Bright.
The next Legislature, which is decidedly democratic,
will be required to elect a Senator of the U S. to fill the
vacancy to be occasioned bv the expirotion of the official
term of the Hon. Jetse Ü. Bright.
The whig politicians, and the whig presses, including
the Indiana Journal, are very busy in presenting candi
dates for Senator, with the very obvious intention of in
ducing a strife amongst the prominent democrats of the
State, so as to create jealousies and heart burnings in
the party, with the remote hope, on the part of tho
whigs, that theso distractions on the part of the demo
crats may ultimately benefit the whigs. Although, if
they were to take a sensible view of the case, they would
tind but little ground for such a hope; still they, feeling
lhat they have nothing to lose but their labor, are willing
to bestow their exertions because they naturally love
mischief, and because they would le delighted to see a
factious or sectional tight in a party, wim-n nas, iu me
election just past, so most overwhelmingly triumphed
over their ardent etforts to carry the State.
Every compliment is lavished upon several leading
and worthy democrats bv these now fawning whigs, and
each one, in turn, is inüirectly told that he has great
merit, great talents, and great cTaims upon his party.
The names of Chamberlain, Wright, Owen, Pettit,
Robinson, Lane, and several others are proclaimed by
these whig leaders with great appearance of sincerity,
but with real hypocritical intention. Not one of thera
has thought proper to speak of our present worthy Sena
tor, Jesse D. Bright, in anything like complimentary
terms; but on the other hand, with bitterness, rancor
and hostility. Why are they so rancorous and hostile to
Mr. Bright? This question is easily answered. Mr.
Bright is an uncompromising, consistent, and uu pur
chasable democrat, who has firmly, constantly and ably
assisted in establishing democratic principles, and who
has on more than one occasion most signally defeated
the designs and intrigues of the whig manager in In
diana. It was the indomitable firmness of Jesse D. Bright
that thwarted the attempt of the whigs to place a whig
Senator in Congress at the expiration of the term of Al
tert S. White, under the operation of the whig district
ing law, which was intended to throw a majority of
whigs into the Legislature, in each year when a U. S.
Senator was to be elected. His casting vote as Presi-"
dent of the Senate saved the people ot the S.ate from
being misrepresented in Congress, for six years, under
that iniquitous-permutation -versatile-gerrymandering
district iuw.
It was his personal exertions in his canvass for tha
office of Lieutenant Governor that aided much in revolu
tionizing the State from the thraldom of whiggery, after
the revulsion of that memorable hard cider and coonskin
campaign of 1340.
As Senator of Jefferson county, as Marshal of tho
State, as Lieut. Governor, and as an enterprising private
citizen. Jesse D. Bright has always stood forth as the
champion of democracy in Indiana, and has ever sus
tained and advanced the true interests and principles of
the party.
As a Senator in Congress no man ever more zealously
maintained the hiirh character of bis State or more con
sistently sustained the established principles of bis party.
In the trying times of the Mexican war, he gallantly
stood by the Eoglcs of his country and gloriously main
tained her cause.
He has firmly and prudently demeaned himself on the
great questions of the compromises of the Constitution,
and proven himself a statesman and a patriot in bis eQürt
to preserve the peace and tho duration of the Union.
He has teen diligent, industrious, careful and attentive
to every interest committed to his charge as Senator,
and no man can say, in truth, be he whig ot democrat,
that ever Jesse D. Bright failed, refused or neglected to
attend to every claim and every interest committed to
his charge.
He has always voted as would have voted thedetno
crats of Indiana on every important matter that has
come before the Senate. Tho people of the Stat have
unteunded confidence in his honesty, his integrity, and
in his competency. He has faithfully answered every
expection of the State, and is daily growing in strength
and usefulness, having the most extensive influence with
his fellow members of the Senate.
Then why should he tie changed or discarded? Who
asks his dismissal from the public service but the whigs?
Let his name be cherished by every democrat in tho
State, and let the will of the democrats decide who shall
be onr next Senator. Let no democrat listen to the de
lusive strains of whig praise, for that alone will attaint
the purity of any democrat upon whom it may le lav
ished, especially if be is so frail as to lend a listening
ear.
Let the will of the democracy be maJe known hy their
Senators and Representatives when they assemble at
Indianapolis in December, and if Jesse "D. Bright be.
found wanting, may we be so fortunate as to find a mora
worthy democrat to fill his place. Give every man fair
play and no one will have a right to complain.
. MARION.
DWe know a lady in this town, says the Cincinnati
Commercial, who has lost three hHt-bands by death
within ten months, and is now engaged to a fourlk.
tZTGermany is about to modify her tarifT laws a low
duty on grain and provion, and an increase on cotton
and tobacco.

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