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THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL
WILLIAM J. BROWN, Editor. WEEKLY. (, WEEKLY, Per Annum. tl.OO I DAILY, 5.00 AUSTIN II. BROWN, Publish er. J VOL. XL INDIANAPOLIS, THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1851, NO. 7, INDIANA STATE SENTINEL: A GAZETTE OF THE PEOPLE, IT-Office ia THE SENTINEL BUILDINGS North Side Washington, near Meridian St., OPPOSITE ODD FELLOWS HAM., , TT i i , v lir v n i ii I A I M . I Ii 1 P IV i . S T. U V Mm X A. 1 . -mr . v " ' , . - . . 0E DOLLAR!! LET THERE BE MORE LIGHT ! Cheap and Good Reading for the Million! THE WEEKLY STATE SENTINEL Will be sent to tingle subscribers at the low rate of OHE DOLLAR PER AMI III MICE!! A .. j- i i .ii 1 : Any person sending ten i subscribers will be enti- tied to one copy gratis. From the first of July next Subscribers in Marion County will receive their pa- pers through the mail free of postage. At all Post Offices within 60 miles the postage will be five cents a quarter, arid all within three hundred miles ten ! V 1 ,. ; I . . ... rent wr miurtiT I he N uto , ntllicl Will ('onl.ilO ' the latest and most imnortant news bv telerraub. as ! g J (3 I IUl'1 V Uli well as the mails and will contain more reading mat- American n mm and aHe ft(.vocate 0f Whig prin ter than any of the Kastern weeklies. eiples; that his determined persevering advocacy of na- The coming election is an important one. We tive industry and enterprise the reduction of postage shall have to fight our old political enemies, as well ,he improvement of harbors and rivers his wise and ju as the new combination of abolitionism. Cannot dicious management of our foreign relations his firm every one of our subscribers procure another one ? , and unwavering devotion to our glorious Union, should This will double our circulation and enable us to be- j secure for him the confidence of the American people, tow more time and labor to make our paper inter- I nd command the admiration of all civilized nations, esting. A large circulation alone will enable us ot I This was followed by a resolution nominating General puolish the paper at such cheap rates, cna on tne M h m A .3 n n . 1 Ihn . . . .A i .i . II will t i l SkTt IA ( mil I'WflOl ! 3 win bU7,n7 '.: v . " w fe. and vour chü- J - I dren will rise up and call you blessed. WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 9, 1851. Gov. Wright. The whigs are terribly exercised for fear Jcsso D. Bright will oppose the re-election of Gov. Wright. On this subject they may dismiss all their fears. If the Con vention nominates Gov. Wright, and we do not know that he will have any opposition, he will be re-elected by the united vote of the democratic party, and that Mr. Bright wili support him, we have the positie evi dence in the following resolution, which was offered by Mr. Blight, and unanimously adopted by the recent Di-moeratic Convention held at Madison: Revolted, That we favor the policj of holding a State Convention for the nomination of all officers to be elected under our r-'w Constitution, and that we hereby pledue our support to any ticket thus formed. In support of the resolution Mr. Bright said: " that an erroneous impression had been made through the press of this city that some democrats in this county would oppose certain democrats in the State, should they be nominated by a State Convention. He denied the charge for himself and on behalf of the democrats of this eounty; and, therefore, said resolution was unan imously adopted." Whenever Jese D. Bright bolts a regular nomina tion, then we will bolt him. The Gnmr. The last Bedford Standard, which has heretofore pro fessed to be in favor of George W. Carr as a candidate for Congres, publishes a call from the whigs of Knox county, requesting Georce G. Dunn to be a candidate for Congress, to which the editor appends the following note : " The forgoinj; call is sijrned by a large number of the most respectable and influential citizens of Knox county, the publication of whuse names we deem unne cessary. Mr. Dunn, we understand has, durins the East two months received numerous solicitations from is friends in the different counties of the District, stronply ursinj him to become a candidate for Con gress, but we believe he has uniformly answered their tri v .te communications .declining the canvass. What is cours" may le in consideration of the pressing and urjrent solicitations of his friends, set forth in the aliove call, we are altogether unadvised. By our next issue be will, doubtless, publicly define Iii- position. Ed. Standard " This clearly foreshadows the whig policy in that Dis trict. They hold out strong inducements to Col. Carr to be a candidate when he is fairly on the track, com mitted so that he cannot decline, and the democrats suf ficiently divided, Mr. Dunn, on the eve of the election, is to brought out, and to succeed, not by his own strength or the strength of his party, but by a division among the democrats. We call on every democrat, who is opposed to throwing the District int the hands of the whigs, as it was done once before, to rally around tha standard of Col. Gorman who is the regular nomi nee of the Democratic Convention. The whigs never meant to support Mr. Carr. Their object from the be ginning has been to divide the democrats to elect Dunn Bigotry. A writer over the signature of Justice is publishing a series of articles in the Bedford Standard, in opposition to the new Constitution. The Standard is a leading Whig Journal of much influence. It publishes these communications without comment, and we, therefore, take it as prima facie evidence that the editor approves the sentiments. The first article was in opposition to that feature in the new Constitution which provides for the election of Judges by the people. The next objec tion relates to extension of the right of suffrage to for eigners, which seems mainly to be based on the ground that a majority of the foreigners who land on our shores ara catholics. Oa this subject we copy the following fextract : But still I believe that the Catholics from the princi ples f their church government, and their antirinff de votion to the popish decretals are politically hostile to our liberties, and, as such, should be proscribed as ene mies. Here is an open proposition to disfranchise a highly respectable portion of American citizens on account of their religious sentiments. An opinion unworthy of the enlightened and liberal age in which we live. jry We clip the following from the Fayette county correspondent of the Jeffe rsonian : The decisions of the Cambridge convention infused into the bones of the democracy and free-soilers of Union new life and vigor, confirming confidence and drawing tighter the bonds of old fellowship. Many free-soilers who had began to lose all hope of Mr. Julian's re-election thought they saw light in darkness, and the demo eraey looked round for their best men to form a county ticket. This sounds very much like Matthew R. Hull, who, a short time since visited Indianapolis and poured out the vials of his gall and wormwood on the heads of the Demo era tie members of Congress, " Bill Brown and the Sentinel," and particularly "Joe Wright,'" whom he de nounced as a hypocrite and a dough-face. Is the Demo eraey of that region o much diff-rcnt from all other sec tions that Ma thc w B. Hall can become a leader? We should like to know. ITJ- The widow of the late Chancellor Kent died Haw Jersey, a few days ago, aged 53. in Whigs backing the Administration. The following resolutions were adopted at the Whig Convention in the Lafayette District, which nominated Daniel Brier as a candidate for Congress-. Resolved, That in our judgment the present Fugitive Slave Law. in so far as it denies the full benefit ol the writ I Moor's Hill letter, to the fugitive slave law. That an of Habeas Corpus, and offers a greater fee to the Com- 9wer has called forth replies in tht Ripley County Whig p.i.e .io uec.ue aga nsi me ...g.t.ve .non ior mm. u - - or...fcV. our laws, and the genius of a free Government Resolved, Th;it in mi far as it compels the citizens of tne rree ataies under severe penalties to become as- , Thc jirerence jn lhe fee of ,le Commissioner on a de sistants and subordinate aids, to those seeking to reclaim ...... . . , . runaway slaves to bondage, it isabhorent to our feelings c,9,on for and aRai,,8t tho claimant; the supposed en and repugnant to all our habits. croaehment upon the right to the writ of habeas corpus ; Hon. Albert S. White, late a Whig United States Sen- and the requirement of aid from the citizens in the execu ator, addressed the Convention. Of his remarks on the lion of the law. The second of these objections is tacitly ' compromise measures the Lafayette Journal (whig) say: Mr. White, as did most of the other speakers, took hlrh Anil 1 1 . i 1 1 1 1 1 1 frrniirwl nnnn f lin fiwrifitrA vi lim f- - - pi-" - question, statins that he did not believe it was the duiy Jf the Free to become th. bailiff of stave States that the act was unjust in its provisions and details and reprobated the idea that it was permanently arranged. or that one Congress could pass laws to restrict and bind the action of those of the future. i . . , mmtm mm- A re, .1 n I n m wo o.),.i.f ...1 .ni-romrr nf Millaril Vi Sc0tt for the presidency. The resolutions weie report- b A' to be the frkn L I r .,...,. 1 lliA ....... i . r "uu uycsicu mo name ui ucii. oiuii ior me rrcsiurii. . I . r c 4 r.. . i n cy. disguise it they may with whitewashing resolutions the friends of Scott in Indiana ate the enemies of Fill more and the Administration. It is, however, a family quarrel and we shall not interfere, further than as a faithful and impartial journalist to record the facts. From the New York Journal of Commerce. Agitation. In ordr to throw ridicule nnon the pfTiirt of fh friend ; of the Union and the Compromise, there is a class of! papers belonging to the Free Soil Alioliiion faction, which have awkwardly attempted to retort the charge of ajitation upon those who oppose it. The efforts of the friends of Compromise have been, and still are, defensive. The Agitators are the assail ants. Their threatening the repeal or nullification of some of the Compromise measures, have created the necessity for counteractive operations on t e pait of the friends of the Union. Had those measures-Jjeen acqui esced in silently, there would have leen no Union Com mittee, no Castle Garden meeting, no demonstrations to protect the Union from the d ngerous attacks which have been made on it. But they were not acquiesced in. They were denounced from :he day of their adoption; and every effort which ingenuity and wickedness could devise, was exerted to bring them into contempt, and compel their repeal. If it be properly called agitation to endeavor to en f rce the laws, to secure compliance with the provisions of the Constitution, to rede.-m the obligations of good faith by which one portior of the country is bound to the other, and to the whole country, then it is a healthy , holy, and honorable agitation. Then with equal propri ety might proceedings in the Courts, and the decisions of Judges be called agitation. Their object is the same as that of the friends of the Compromise, the preserva tion of the Union, and the execution of the laws. It is an entire misnomer to stigmatise the conservative efforts of the friend of the Compromise as "agitation." These eflbrts arc designed to repress agitation. Thev are the remedy, agitation is the erti which they are de signed to cure. The medicine must often be oontinued after the violent symptoms of the disease have disappear ed. Nay, the patient must often be compelled to use the prescription for such a period as will insure the total eradication of the disease. The Abolitionists and their Free Soil allies perceive the efficacy of the medicine. They dread :he success of the prescription. If agitation shall cease they will die f inanition. The opponents of agitation'thi y cannot meet in the fair field of open controversy. They shrink from such a contest, and take refuge in pointless ridicule and affected merriment. They pretend to laugh; but the effort is laborious. The smile of feigned derision is really the sardonic grin of mortification; and the coarse laugh of the scoffer glides into a howl of excruciating lamentation. Finally . if it is to be insisted that the friends of the Com promise are agitators, we do not know that it is worth while to dispute about terms. If the Union be preserv ed, it is of little consequence by what names tlicy are designated who arc instrumental in its presrrvation. The odor of the rose is the same, by whatever name it is called. If victory reward our efforts, and the discomfit ed enemy is compelled to retire from the field, or to strike his flag and surrender at discretion, it is immaterial what he calls the operation, or with what jeers and mirthful grimaces, he acknowledges himself vanquished. Senator Bright' Letter. The private letter of Jesse D. Bright to Judge W. M. Taylor, which was surreptitiously obtained and publish ed in the Madison Courier, is a sweet nut for the Whigs, which they publish under the head of " Senatorial Diy- nity." If smooth oily gammon, and long faced hypoc- racy is Senatorial dignity, then we confess that Mr. Bright has very little of it. He writes of men and things as he thinks, and this letter, although never in tended for the public eye. is a type of the man frank and free. He never smiles and fawns to deceive. In plain language, be tells his friend what he thinks of the Madison Courier and its Editor. There is nothing in the letter to condemn, but much to approve. L"Vaile charges that W.J. Brown came home during the session purely to save the nnion. We never left the city of Washington from the day Congress met until we re turned home at the close of the session. We left a few days before the session closed when there was nothing left unfinished but the pending amendments between the two houses on the appropriation bills. The slavery qnestion, which Vaile and Julian are now trying to un settle, had been disposed of. We were present to vole against the Wilmot Proviso in its first inception. Where was Julian. Rumor says he had not waked up. Rev. Samuel Brenton. The Whig candidate for Congress in the Fort Wayne District, and Register of the Land Office, in a recent speech at Albion, Noble county, declared himself an anti-slavery man, and in favor of the repeal of the fugi tive slave law of 18Ü1, and the substitution of that ef '93. Where is the Secretary of the Interior? Immf.vse Fraud on thi GovEaNWEicr. We are in possession of the name of a party who is charged with having committed a fraud on oar General Government, under which he has obtained nearly a half million of dollars without a shadow of right. The whole evidence by which he obtained this immense sura, he is stated to to have confessed, was false, and the Government is now in possession of the information which will proba bly lead to the arret of the guilty party, who is about to leave the country for Enrope. For prudential rea sons we suppress for the present thc name of the party implicated. New York Tribune. Out with his name. Let him be exposed and punished. More Galphinism, we presume. IL We have never known a more ridicnlous hnmbng than the pretence, recently set tip, that the editor of the Madison Courier is not a true Democrat. Madison Banner. Goad authority THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 10, 1851. Col. Johnson Watts again. A few numbers back we made a short answer in our paper to the objections taken by this gentleman, in his ; anJ fa BrookviUe American, to which a brief rejoinder is demanded. Col. Watts' objections to the law were three i viz abandoned in the Whin; the first and second, in the American, and as to the third, it is claimed that wc have misrepresented the law in our answer. This point -I 1 1 . 1 . I l t.. . C . - - aioue is an uicii we wish luruicr 10 iioucü. u. ,,,:, rt w.t.a' h;,;. j e 8tatei1 ,n ur answer 10 CoL Vat,& obJecl,ons that no penalty was annexed to the refusal of the citi- ; zen to aid in the execution of the law. This proposi- tion t)0tn the Whi and American deny. It is admitted i, . i .1 that the law does not in terms enact a penalty ; but the J ' w,,iK asser,s tl,at a the law require, the assistance to be rendered, and does not affix the penalty, it is in the power of the eourts to assess such penalty as they plcass; while the American, putting forward no such doctrine, asserts that the Statutes of our own State sup plies the penalty. It reasons this way. Wt have in our State a law punishing persons for refusing to aid sheriffs, 8cc, in the execution of process; this law be comes a part of the act of Congress, and the Judges of ,he courts can apply it in prosecutions for violations of i Congress. Here, then, are lai.. down, in . . - - . . . . . tnese two moutii-pieces oi col. waits, two legal propo- ; sitions, viz: that where a law requires an act to be done. and prescribes no penalty for the refusal to do it, the courts tan affix a penalty; and, secondly, that the laws of a State are, in effect, a part of the laws of Congress. These propositions we deny ; and it is evident from their very statement, that their correctness or incorrectness, must be settled by a resort to legal authorities. Happi ly for us, they are thus settled. As to the second of 'es propositions, the very point arose in the case of the United States v. Aaron Burr, and in deciding it, Chief Justice Marshall said: "Now in criminal cases the laws of the United States constitute the sole rule of decision, and no man can be condemned or prosecuted in the fed eral courts on a State law. Thc laws of the several Sta'es theretWe-Cannot be regarded as rules of decision in triaN-for offences against the United States." Burr's Trial, V aft. 2. page 4S2. See also 1st Vol. Kent's Com. page 333. We need not, of course, remark for the bene fit even of men so ignorant of law as Col. Watts and his mouth-pieces appear to be, that offences ag inst the laws of the United States must be prosecuted in the federal courts. And we may properly here observe, also, that if it is our own Statute that enacts the obvious penalty, and Col. Watts is to be elected to rid us of it, propriety would seem to dictate that be should be hauled down as a candidate for Congress, and sent into some Whig county where he might be elected to the State Legisla ture, to enable bim to accomplish the object. Again, if the objection is to thc penalty, why has not Col. Watts moved its repeal? He has repeatedly been a member of the Indiana Legislature since its existence. As to the other point that the courts may annex the penalty where the Statute fails to do it, there is now no difficulty. It is a power they possess by the common iaw of England, and were that law in force here, courts could exercise that power. It was, for a time, a mooted point, whether the common law, as to crimes and pun ishments, was in force in this country or not. It is a doctrine repudiated in roost of the Statss, and, to save any question about it here, it has been expressly abroga ted in this. Our R. S., at page 999, Sec. 84, enacts that ': all punishments, prescribed by the common law for of. fences, are prohibited;" and as to the federal govern ment, the question has been put at rest by the twice re peated decisions of the Supreme Court of the United Slates. The doctrine that the United States as such had not adopted the common law was firstdeclared by Mr. Justice Chase in 1798 in the case of thc United States v. Worrall, reported in 2 Dalles, 334, and in Wharton's State Trials, 1$9. In that case he said: "It is attemp ted, however, to supply the silsnce of the Constitution and Statutes of the Union by resorting to the common law for a definition and punishment of the offence which has been committed; but in my opinion, the United States, as a federal government, have no common law ; and consequently no indictment can be maintained in their courts for offences merely at the common law." And again: "Now, it appears to my mind to be as es sentia! that Congress should define the offences to be tried, and apportion the punishments to be inflicted, as that they should erect courts," 8tc. The question came before the Supreme Court of thc United States in the case of the United States r. Hudson & Goodwin, ana it was there decided, that the court bad no commoa law powers to punish for crimes, and could not go a step beyond the authority given by the Statute. Mr. Justice Johnson, in delivering the opinion of the court, said: "The legislative authority of the Union roust first make an act a crime, affix a punishment to it. and declare the court that shall have jurisdiction of the offence before it can be punished." 7 Cranch's Rep. 32. This dicision was re-affirmcd by the same court in a subsequent case. We trust we have now supported our assertion of the law. This was our main object, and as the article has grown lengthy on our hands, we withhold some addi tional temarks we intended to add, for a future occasion. ItWe stated some time since " that a faction of free sutlers tried to defeat the nomination of Mr. McGaugh ey." The editor of the Wabash Express calls on us to know to whom referred. We annwer; to the editor of the " Rockville Whig," the editor of the " Perrysville Eagle," and every professing WThig who tried to defeat McGaughey, because he voted for the fugitive slave law. Of course we did not refer to the Vigo county delega tion, who were the friends of Mr. Usher, and who were governed by other and different reasons reasons which we think amply sufficient to justify them in withholding their support from the nominee of the Rockville Con vention. The first open opposition to McGaughey was free soil, the second was the manner in which the Con vention was organized, and the apportionment of the votes. Southern Sentiment. The Southern Press, a paper at Washington in favor of secession and disunion has entered on the second year of its existence, under favorable pecuniary auspices. It has the largest subscription list of any paper in Wash ington. This is unmistakable evidence of Southern sen timent in favor of disunion, not evider.ee that a ma jority of the people favor sueh a mad scheme, but evi dence that thero is a deep-seated feeling among the peo ple to an alarming extent, which will grow stronger, as tha North becomes mora aggressive. Julian Land Reform Speech. The True Democrat, on the authority of Mr Julian, we presume, denies the story which we published some time since, in relation to our conversation with Hon. Andrew Johnson in which Mr. Johnson stated that Ju lian's speech had killed the bill, kc. Now how can Mr. Julian deny this? He was not present. The fact that Mr. Johnson charged Julian with de stroying the last hopes of success for his favorite mea sure, was a matter so notorious that we did not suppose even Julian himself would deny it. Gov. Brown, of Mississippi, was loud and bitter in his complaints against Julian. How could it have been otherwise, when he assigned as one reason for the passage of the measure that it would destroy the institutions of the South? But as Mr. Vaile and Mr. Julian have bluntly denied, we copy the following note from Hon. Joseph E. McDonald, who was present at the same conversation, as was Col. Gorman and Hon. Geo. W. Jones, of Tennessee. Crawfokdsville. July 8th, 1851. Dear Sir: I received your note calling my attention to the following paragraph in the " State Sentinel:" LAND REFORM. "George W. Julian is making speeches in favor of land reform. This reminds us of an incident. During the last session of Congress. Andrew Johnson, ef Ten nessee, introduced a bill to provide land for the landless. It was his favorite hobby. He succeeded in obtaining a two-thirds vote in favor of making it the special order, and was in high hopes o its passage. W hen it came up Julian got the floor, and made a speech in favor of it. During the delivery of this speech it was painful to be hold the writhings and contortions of Johnson's counte nance. We stepped round to console him, but he refused to be comforted. 1 What is the matter. Andy?' we in quired. 'Matter! your d -d abolitionist has killed the bill dead as h II.' Sure enough. Julian sat down, and lite bill for land reform was stretched on the table a cold and lifeless thing." In reply I will say that I was present in the House of Representatives at the time Mr. Julian made his speech on the land reform bill, known as Johnson's Bill, and distinctly remember to have heard Mr. Johnson express to members around bim great mortification and chagrin at the advocacy given to the measure by Mr. Julian. The article above I believe substantially gives the facts as they occurred. Rcspeotfullv yours. J. E. McDONALD. Hon. Wm. J Brown. No Whig Candidate. It has already been announced that the Whig Congres sional Convention, which asembled in this city on last Thursday, adjourned without making any nomination. Many reasons, satisfactory to the Convention, contribu ted to the result." We suppose it may aiw be regarded as certain that there will not be any regularly nominated Whig candi date, and, indeed, we do not think that any one can, at this late any, become a candidate in the hope of drawing out the full Whig vote of the district. It would be better to let the tlection go by default, than to make a mere show of opposition. Indiana Jour nal. Where is Col. William P. Rush of Hancock county? Is he to be set aside because, as a Whig said to us a few days since, " We are not going to tht slashes of Hancock county for a candidate.,' Col. Rush is the present wor thy and popular Sheriff ef that county, a man of good character and strong native intellect, perhaps hardly polish enough to suit the meridian of Indianapolis, but can poll as ma'ny votes in the District, out of Indianapo lis, as any Whig whose name has been mentioned. He served two sessions in the Indiana Legislature, as a Representative from Rush county. All we have said of him is true. Our candidate is a young man, and we want to have his bottom tried by a fair race. Bring out your strongest man. If Col. Rush will not do, hunt up some one else. The Issue in Piunhtlvania. Whatever may be said of the resolutions of the Pennsylvania whig conven tion particularly of their pretended loyalty to the con stitution and its compromises the nomination of Gov. Johnston for a re-election, cannot but be regarded as in direct conflict with all these professions. Gov. J. set out in his political career in '48, with ultra free-soil professions. He has adhered to them ever since with eonvistent tenacity and at s recent date signalized his devotion to these tenets by retaining in his possess ion and virtually vetoing a bUj passed by the state legis lature repealing a section of what is known as the "ob si ruction law" of that state a law which has the eff et and was designed to render the constitutional injunction in regard to the rendition of fugitive slaves, inoperative in that commonwealth. In his speech, made after hire-nomination. Gov. Johnston did not hesitate to avow his determination to adhere to his position in that respect ; ami thus far, at least, exhibited his estimate of the sin cerity of the political friends who, by resolution, de clared that " the. adjustment measures of the last Con gress shall he faithfully observed and respected by the whigs." The Pennsyl .'ani.in in strong terms points to the con trast presented by the resolves and the nominations of the whig convention, and prefering to credit its acts i n'lier than its professions, proclaims, that "The line of demarcation is now drawn between the two great parties in this State, and we enter into the contest assured of an honorable and a commanding vic tory. The issue is. Bigler, the Constitution, the Com promise, and the Rights of the States: versus Johnston, Sectionalism. Frec-soibsm , and hostility to the solemn behests. oT the Constitution. " " What taatf man will hesitate between the two al- ternauves?"? A6jf jirgtu. ttm ' 'i ILTThe Shelbyville News pretends to quote an extract from the " Indiana Sentinel" against Mr. Ritchie, and puts it forward as democratic authority. No such thing ever appeared in the Sentinel. The object is to help Col. Marshall out in this district. All whig authority is against him, and it is necessary to forge some demo cratic authority for him. Louisville Demoorat. Right, Mr. Harvey no such article ever appeared in the Sentinel. The Editor voted with Mr. Moorehead and other Kentucky Whigs, in favor of the Ritchie claims. ITThe Fountain Leger is the title of a new whisr pa per just commenced at Covington. Indiana, by Lusc & Harrison, James Paxton Luse, Editor. The mechani cal execution is good, and the editorials and selections evince both talent and taste. It will doubtless obtain the whig Dtronage of that county, and we trust will spur up the democrats to sustain Solon Turman, the man of the peor'e, whose " Friend " is their " Friend." Vigo We learn from the Terre Haute Express that Vigo county takes its name from Col. Francis Vigo, a native of Genoa, who settled in Vincennes at an early day, where he lived and died. Terre Haute, the county scat of Vigo county, was so named from the fact that it is located upon high ground. Madistn Banner. These are important historical facts, and we are glad that Dee Dee has learned them. Most people in Indi ana kuew them long since. DA Line of Stages is very much needed from Wa bash, Lagro, Huntington, or Fort Wayne direct to An derson to connect daily with the cars. 6uch a line proper ly conducted, would, no donbt, do a heavy business. The route by Muncie does not satisfy the public. ET-Te Madison Tribune publishes the extract from the Richmond speech of Secretary Stuart with the re mark; " It speaks for itself there is nothing ambigu ous about it." The Secretary talks well ; pity but be would act as well. HZP We beg onr Banner friends not to defend our Dem ocracy so warmly. Madison Courier. This is the most rcr.sible thing Garber has said. FRIDAY E?EMJfC, JULY 11, 1851. IT7"We know Sam Brenlon well. Indiana State Sen tinel. Yes, we understand you do know him, pretty Well. Did you ever in times past, find him out to your sorrow, on the stump? Forf Wayne Times. We did. We are always sorry to hear a wilful per version of the truth, and we are especially sony when we hear such things from men professing to be called of God to the high and holy office of the ministry. In 1840, during the hard cider campaign, we had the mis fortune to meet this Reverend gentleman at Browns- burgh, in Hendricks county. Misfortune, we say, be- cause the meeting changed our opinion of the man. It Was our appointment. We made a short speech setting forth what we regarded as the questions at issue be tween the parties. Mr. Brenton replied. In his reply he denied that the questions of bank, tariff, or internal improvements had any thing to do with the contest ; bnt it was solely a question .of extravagance or economy in the administration of-the government. He then took Spooney Ogle's speech as his text. Thc furniture in the President's bouse was his theme. Iu extravagance, perversion, and wilful misrepresentation, it exceeded anything we have ever heard. For instance, ho read among other items, "one French bedstead twenty dol lars." At this he put on a long melancholy face, as if he had been delivering a funeral sermon. The deep in tonations of his voice fell with holy solemnity on his au dience. " Only think," said he, " My dear friends a French bedstead! The maple, the walnut, and the cher ry of our own republican country is not good enough for Martin Van Buren te lay his imperial carcase on, but ho roust send to France for wood to make a French bed stead." It was then and there that we found him out to our sorrow on the stump. The same night he preached sermon a woman who heard his speech during the day was converted, and the next day he administered the holy ordinance of baptism. This is the case to which the Times alludes. We wore beat, and we frank ly confessed it. New Route to California. Isaac C. Lea, Eq., formerly of Madison, Ind., but now Secretary of the Nicaragua Canal Company, writes to J. M. Moore, Esq., that "The American, Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal Co. having perfected their transit route through the State ef rticamgua, win open me same tor ne conveyance oi passengers and freight, by the splendid steamship Pro metheus, leaving New York on the 14th July inst., for the town of San Juan de Nicaragua, where two new, last running, and commodious steamboats will he in readiness to take passengers aud freight some sixty miles up the picturesque river of San Juan, and from thence in larger steamboats proceed to "Virgin Bay," a harbor on the south-western shore of Lake Nicaragua. They will then be conveyed without delay over a good carriage road of 12 miles and 30 chains, through a beau tiful and healthy country, to the port of Sin Juan del Sud, on the Pacific (the entire distance from ocean to ocean being 137 miles) where the superb steamship Pa cific will bo waiting on the 25th inst., to receive and con vey the passengers, &c, to San Francisco. For the present, se ni-monthly trips to and from New York and San Francisco, will only be made hereafter. A weekly line will be put in operation should the amount of travel justify the same." Whitewashing. Dr Ellis say? that the committee which investigated our accounts as Secretary of State was a whitewashing committee. This is a charge of corruption against the committee which is not very complimentary to such sterling men as Gen. Wm. B. Mitchell, (now no more,) Franklin Hardin, Parmenter M. Parks, and Col. John B. Nees men who would not shrink from their duty to save any one. We have only to repeat, if we owe the State of Indiana one cent, there is our official bond, with the names of Abel C. Pjpper, Wm. Hendricks, James Blake, George W. Ewing, and Thomas C. Moore, as our sureties. Let suit be instituted. Oregon. We have news np to the 25th of May. The country is settling rapidly, and bears evidence of unusual pros perity. The first steamboat built in the Territory, the " Whitcomb," is running regularly from the mouth of the Columbia to the Cascades and on the Wil lamette to the falls. A great quantity of rain has fallen and waters were very high when the last mail left. Gen. Lane was a candidate for delegate. Dr. W. H. Wilson, of Salem was his opponent. The election took place the first Monday in June. The next arrival will bring the result. 0The whigs in the Fifth District have " fizzled out " most miserably in regard to a candidate for Con gress, having failed to make a nomination, and they talk about letting the election " on by default." Now, in the name of all the whigs of Indiana, we earnestly pro test against this, and, as the conductors of the oldest whig paper in the State, we take it upon ourselves to name a man, " honest, capable, and true." We nomi nate John D. Defrees, Esq., as the whig candidate for the Filth Congrtssional District, and move that the nomination be unanimously ratified by all the tried and true whigs thereof. A convention no matter how fair ly got up or numerously attended could not furnish a better whig or a better man. Dee Dee Jones. We are in favor of this nomination. Go it, John, and then we can have some fun. Arrest There was a supposed fugitive slave arrested at Pe tersburg some few days since, by a couple of persons from Kentucky. The supposed fugitive, however, was no other than the step son of Burgess who lives in this place, but was born and raised in Vincennes, twenty miles west of this. There was no difficulty in releasin him, as there were plenty of witnesses to establish the fact that he was free born. Literary Journal. So much for the benefits of the law of 1850, which re quires the claimant to prove his slave under the oommon law rule of evidence. Without that law this man might have been carried into hopeless captivity. Fourth District. The whig papers in the fourth district are filled with quotations from the State Sentinel urging the democracy to aid in the election of Sam Parker. Statesman. Will the Statesman copy one single extract from the Sentinel "urging the democracy to aid in the election of Sam Parker." We aro opposed to Parker because he is a whig, and voted for Gen. Taylor; we are still more opposed to Julian because he is an abolitionist and voted for Van Buren. ICThe following is from the Mobile Register, an an ti-com promise paper: "Gov. Means, of South Carolina, has issued a pro clamation directing an election to be held on the second Monday in October, in the several Congressional Dis tricts of that State, for two deputies respectively, to rep resent them in the Southern Congress. South Carolina is, we apprehend, the onlv Southern State, in which such a movement will be made, and consequently no such Congress can be held." C-The Madison Courier, the editor says, will "be sent to places within fifty miles of the publication office, free of patag.H We shoald 11. to know uadeti wUi law. Election in Oregon. From the Milwaukee (Oregon; Star, May 29. For Delegate to Congress, GENERAL JOSEPH LANE. As the time foi the election approaches, matters of political interest are discussed, aud men and measures nre freely commented upon, with all that freedom wbicl is their especial privilege and guaranty by our republ can institutions. We love those institutions which gi. I all freemen, whether high or low. rich or poor, t. priceless privilege of thinking and voting as tU think best " without fear or favor of any man,"" ut. awed by influence, and unbribed by gain." We alwa ? repose the greatest confidence in the people, the hardy ysomanry, that pride and strength of every State and government. And let us ask who can they confide m it trustingly in than he who is a yeoman, and earns D bread for himself and family "by the sweat of bis brow," and whose calloused bands and sun-burnt fa. . gives truthful evidence that he is a true Republican! None, of course. Who among the people in Oregon stands out as that man we have described? Genera' Jo Lane, responds the yeomanry. We require a Dele gate who will represent Oregon, the whole of it; oLc who has ascended her remotest bills and travelled lu i extensive valleys, and knows the whole territory iif wants, and its resources. Who has done this but Lai e, and who so well prepa-ed to gtve the information re quired et a Delegate's hand? We want a man of known and acknowledged character, both here and at home. Who so well answers this requirement as Gen. Lane? His character is well respected throughout the bit ad Union; his fame belongs to the Nation, and his name is inscribed upon her scroll of fame, along with those wl."" have won unfading laurels in her defence. Is there ano ther man in Oregon whose position, worth, and know, ledge combined can procure for us the amount of consi deration in Congress that General Lane can? If thete be one, we have yet to learn his name. We consider it fortunate for Oregon that Lane has consented to be a candidate and no one will ever have reason to regret voting for an honest, deserving man like him. We understand that Dr. Wm. H. Willson. of Salem, has come out as a candidate to run against Gen. Lane, nnit is going to canvass the country lor delegate. Dr Willson we onlv know from reputation, and have form, d ' a very favorable opinion of him as a man but we never heard until quite lately that he had aspirations for Cot,. gress. It will be no dishonor to him to be beater by Gen. Lane and we presume that Gen. Lane will le just as well prepared for opposition as he was at Buena Vista. There is a saying that "there is no honor in victory where there is no opposition," and for that reason have no serious objection to a little opposition; but we cannot for a moment give any countenance to the proceeding of a professed democrat like Dr. Willson, if his intent be to defeat Gen. Lane. We are satisfied with Lane; we take pride in supporting so deserving a roan; and if everv fifth man in the country comes out against him. we will stand by him ; we will "never surrender;" ai.u if vanquished we'll spike the cannon We can see no cause for democrats to get up opposi tion and can foresee bad results which will naturally grow out of such a course. The whigs lose no politics! strength by supporting Lane for delegate, as be hs n.. vote in Congress and both whig and democrat in Ore gon will be equal participators in every measure Ik brings about for Oregon's advancement. We csnm see as there is to !e any newspaper opposition, ns the four newspapers in Oregon are all committed for Gen Lane, and have bis name at their head. If any of then' wish they were free and now regret their committal, we are not of that number; we are committed ji k' where we want to be and could not lie induced tc change our position on any account whatever. We wo confident that Jo Lane will get one vote, if we are able to get to the pells on the first Monday of June. For the Indiana tate Seatinel. Renegadoes. Ms-Editok. I am, what I ever have been, a friend of human freedom. I feci, as I am confident you do, an ar dent desire to se all mankind enjoying the greatest pos sible proportion of liberty and happiness. But I am not of the wild and reckless crew who are willing to im molate the greatness and glory of their couutry in all their forms, upon the alter of what is impossible, im practible, and inexpedient. I allude to such fallen anl degraded, selfish and aspiring men as Julian, the Editor of the Statesman, their satellites, admirers, and abet tors; men "Whose names should linger Forever on the roll of Fame, A mark for Scorn's unmoviuj f.rffr." Mr. Editor it is clear that a pack of hungry and on principled demagogues, of hollow-hearted negro-admirers, are exerting all the weak and wicked powers be stowed upon them by their Creator, to persecute one man, and through him to strike a deep and vital blow at the heart of democracy. The people of Indiana are awake on the alert they are eager for the affray Give these knaves "war to the knife, and the knife to t:.e hilt." Feed them with wholesome truths. The Senti nel never was more popular never so much so as at present. It bears itself nobly and gallantly. A3 for the attacks on Wm. J. Brown the vile and most delib erate misrepresentations of his political career they will go far. as Danton said of his decapitators, to ' burl his calumniators into that utter and merited oblivion from which they should never," by the force of adventitious circumstances, "have arisen!" Julian, "the apostate," is in a fine way of consigning himself to that private po sition in life which will will serve as a more appropiiate sphere for the exercise of his silly and free-soiled facul ties. The Statesman may stagger on in its devious and demented orbit, perhaps, for a year or so, when its most accomplished conductors will be afforded an opportunity of whining out "Othello's occupation's gone." These gentlemen who array themselves against all philosophy, all precedent ami all principle, will find to their heart's content, that it is hard to kick against the goads of truth! Most splendid patriots most admira ble philanthropists they would liberate, at once, four millions of their "dear brethern," to come rolling their dark tides over the North, a band of wandering fugitives and despised vagabonds. They would plunge the North into a suicidal and domestic war with the South, whose end would be the extermination of our nationality, and the knell of Freedom's doom merely because the South wishes to hold the N rth to its original article of agree ment and because these hi got ted fanatics have found "a higher law." How these merciful slave-lovers must admire the character, and cherish the memory of such a men as Washington. John C. Calhoun, termed Wash ington the illustrious Southerner and if localism must attach to the memory of him whose heirdom is thc world then Washington's name must stink in the nostrils of these agitators for he, were he living, could never re cognise in these Lien thc friends of his country. 6 " CIVIS. Pennsylvania The Whig State Ticket. The Whig State Convention which met at Lancaster last week nominated the following ticket: For Governor, William F. Johhston; for Canal Com misjioner, John Strohm, of Lancaster; lor the Supreme Bench, Richard Coulter of Westmoreland, Jochua W Comly of Montour, George Chamlers of Franklin, Wm. M. Meredith of Philadelphia, William Jcssup of Sus quehanna. The Whigs, in forming this ticket, are entitled to the hearty thanks of the democracy of the State; for by its composition they have brought into the issue at the com ing election most of the great questions upon which the two parties are divided. With Gov. Johnston we have abolitionism or free-soilism, free-banking and the protec tive tariff principle. Mr. Strohm voted in Congress against granting supplies to carry on the Mexican war; so that the broad question of that war and all the ae positions growing out of it will enter into the discussion of his merits. Äir. Meredith was the Seeretary of the Treasury who granted and paid the celebrated Galphin claim ; and this will bring in the great question of the propriety of cabinet ministers turning solicitors for claims, and sharing in the amounts recovered, Sic, bus. Key stone. O The New York Legislator have before them a bill authorizing married women ovning stock in Cor porations of any character, to vote in elections for trus tees or directers. as the ease may lie. This is taking a step in tbe woman's rights direction. ITT A difficnlty ocenrred last Sunday at Petersbnrgh, Ky . between Dr. Foster and Taie Horsley. which re sulted in Dr. F. getting badly cut, and his life is in great danger. Mr. Horsley was fied on Monday, and sent w Burlingtdb jail to await trial Mbre tha ciit twrt.