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THE INDIANA STATE SENTINEL
WILLIAM J. BROWX, Editor.
AUSTIN II. BROWN, Publisher
WEEKLY, Per Annum. ai.00
INDIANAPOLIS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1851.
INDIANA STATE SENTINEL:
A GAZETTE OF THE PEOPLE,
t7"OIBce in THE SENTINEL BUILDINGS
North Side fFashington, near Meridian St.,
OrPOSITE ODD FELLOW'S TTAT.T.,
it n m t vr tt t r rv nr it n il' i
At ariii n. uku.vh, ruDiisner.
0C B'J.'VI fBlllAOIt.!
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Gentlemen of the Senate and House nf Representative!:
You have again assembled for the discharge of the
most respon.-ihle duties pertaining to civil government ;
for, while to other departments is committed the charge
of administering and executing the laws, yours is the du
ty ftf constructing of enacting them.
We have cause for mutual congratulation in the favor
able circumstances with which wo aro surrounded.
Health is restored to our borders, and the Author of all
jjood has crowned (he labors of our people with abun
dance. Industry and enterprise in every department
have received their just rewatd, and mr citizens arc ad
vancing with rapid strides in all the elements of moral,
political, and intellectual greatness. These consideta
tions, under a proper sense of our dependence on the Al
mighty Ruler, will, I trust, properly prepare us for the
important dunes lielore us
The present i" an interesting era in the history of our
ate; it is well w.-rtiy of a moment's consideration.
On the first dav of Novemh -r last, the Constitution, nn
der which you have assembled, went into opcratina. On
that day we passed from under the old, to the new.
That Constitution, under wbicli, for more than a third of
a cen'ury. w had grown from a handful to a million of
inhabitants, secured anJ protected in all the rights of
treemen, lias passed away, and a new instrument taken
its place. The change is radical in some of the most
essential parts of onr organic law, but it has been effect
ed without strife, contention or bloodshed, and without
affecting, in the slightest dearie, the uniform and peace
able pursuits of our people. II 'w diffl-rent is this from
the scenes that distinguished the changes in I he old
world, not only of law, but even of relet. Willi us an
hundred and fifty men assemble at the capital, make and
proclaim a new organic and elementary law for the Iii
tuic government of a nation " f freemen. They adjourn,
proclamation is made and published, their labors sub
mitted to and approved by the people. The old passes
awiiy, and our people move on as peaceably and quietly,
as though no change had h appened.
As HHUim we may well challenge a parallel in the
unanimity, with which our peopl ' adopted the new Con
stitution a majority of eighty-six thouand at the ballot-box.
It is now your du'y to give ihe new Constitu
tion a steady and energetic support ; to carryforward,
without delay , all the changes it proposes, that they may
b? fairly tested. This wo owe to the people, to the
country, and to ourselves.
The financial condition of the State is, at all times, a
subject of tho deepest interest, not only to the people
themselves, but to their Representatives.
it is to their action tnat the people must look for the
security of their credit, the preservation of their faith,
and the exemption from unnecessary burdens.
I am gratified in being able to state that our financial
efj.iirs are improving economy is manifest in all the ex
penditures; and the time has now arrived when we can
commence t'ie work so long looked for by our people
the reduction of the principal of the State Debt of laJi
ana. The entire amount of the ordinary expct.ses of the
State, as audited, and paid by the Treasurer, for the
year ending the 31st of October. 1351, was $71.810 36.
which is $11.S04 74 less than the amount audited and
paid for the year ending October 31st. 1350. This sum,
ibr the ordinary expenses of a million of inhabitants, will
compare most favorably with any Stte in the Union, it
being per eapiia, about seven cents fir each individual.
The whole amount of revenue piid into the State
treastirv. during the past year, ending October 3 1st,
1851, on all accounts, was $.503.058 21. which exceeds
the amount of the previous year, $5,574 48.
The ordinary expenses of tho State government for
the ensuing year are estimated at the sum of $133.500,
the increase being principally in anticipation of a pro
tracted session of the Legislature. It is estimated by
the Auditor of Slate that from the revenue of the pres.
ent year, after liquidating onr indebtedness to the Bank,
providing for the expenses of the State government, anil
meeting ihe January and July dividends on the Public
Debt, there will yet lie a surplus of about $100,000.
Whatever the surplus may be. I recommend that it be
promptly applied to the liquidation of a portion of the
principal of the debt, in such manner as you may direct.
Sly own opinion is, that no intricate or complex machine
ry is necessary, but that your executive officers, with
the addition of a Sinking Fund Commissioner, or of the
Agent of State, should lie charged with this duty.
However small the beginning, it should be made at the
first possible moment. By the prompt investment of
such surplus, and ol tne cnooi t und in me manner Here
after suggested, it is believed that from one-tbird to one
half a million of the Foreign Debt may be withdrawn
within the present fiscal year.
The Doniestio Debt is so nearly liquidated that I re
commend you to direct the Treasurer of State .o give
notice to the holders of State Scrip, to present tne same
(or payment within a limited period, after which interest
on tbe same shall cease. The Treasurer should also be
authorized from time to time to require the County
Treasurers to make depoM'es of such amounts of State
revenue as may be in their hands, and for such services,
hnd for those rendered in making advance deposits in
1850, the Auditor and Treasurer of State should be em
powered to make a reasonable compensation.
Your attention is called to the veiy able and practu-al
Report of the Auditor on the finances of the State ; also
to the valuable suggestions in tbe Report of the Treas- i
Tbe wisdom and propriety of tbe revenue laws of the
last session of the Legislature are manifest in the large 1
increase of taxable property returned for tho current j
year. Sufficient returns have been received to warrant
Hal sf atemeot that the whole amount of taxable proper
ty placed on the duplicate of 1S51 will be not less than
two hundred and !en millions of dollars being an in
ereas of ferewy-three millions over the previous year, ,
more than fifty per cent. The greatest increase has
been in the personal property, showing that heretofore a 1
large amount of this description of taxables has entirely .
Escaped the knowledge of the assessors. In the item of
corporation stock alone, the increase is not less than
four millions of dollars.
The bereise! tea on personal property returned
Chargeable to less than fonr :iionsand persons in the Ms
rioas counties in the State, is equal to the whole ordina
rv expenses of the State government for the past year, i
There are doubtless defects in tbe phraseology and
practical operations of the revenue acts of the last ses
sion, which will from time Mi time become apparent, ai.J
will require remedy at your hands; but the correctness
of the principle ol assessing every man's property at its
actual value, placing men of all conditions and occupa
tions upon tbe same footing, commends itself to general
approbation. A return to the old system is entirely im
practicable. It will be seen on reference to the assessment, that
there is still great inequality in the valuation of lands in
adjoining counties. Thus, as an instance, fn tffe county
of Dearborn the average valuation of Nnd is $15.81
?w acre, while in 0'iio cennty it is but $5.75 per acre,
bis and other considerations may require re-appraisement
at an earlier period than would otherwise be neces
sary The Constitntion reqrrires you, at this session, to pro
vide bv law for thc sppointmeirt of three commissioners
to revise, simplify and abridge the rules, practice, plead
ings and forms of the cotYrt?; of jesfice. You may also
make it the daty of these commissioners' ferredoce into a
srtematie co,'e the general statute laws of ihe State.
I recommend you to make provision for the appoint
ment of thee commissioners as soon as possible, and to
eharge them with ibe general revision of the laws as
welt as lb praetic . Thcsa mesur of reform are
nec.aanlv and intimately connected with eah other,
inasmuch as a well digested e"de of laws will greatly
facilitate the establishment of a good system of praetice.
ÜV the aDnointmetlt of theae commissioner nf .in P.irlv
T r'.i L IT ., : :
day fM will have their mid, as far a. you progress this
session, tu changing our present system of local legisla-
It is of the utmost importance, however, that the per- :
on. to be charged with these duties should be carefully ;
selected, for the benefits anticipated from the great re-1
forms herein provided by the fraraers of the Constitution,
will depend greatly on the manner in which the duties of
the commission are executed. They should be men prac-
ticaiiv and thorou hlv acoiiainted with the workings
our present system of practice and laws, that knowing
'l defects they may know where and how to apply the
' ProPcr remedies. They should be working men, for the
task before them will be one of no common magnitude.
auii it cannot be successlullv accomplished without great
1 and persevering labor. Thev should also be men skillful
pruueni, tor wnne me proposed relorms are greatly
: .. .. .um lit hu iuiixi wan i I'lioucs
- J r- I n J
I 1 I I . 1 .
iiuaiiiai.'Tonbir maue, greai caro snouiu ne laaeu icsi,
in sweepins away our cxistinc system of leaislation.
some oi tne rights and privileges o, our citizens may
i ' uui tun
injured or left unprotected.
I would ilso sungest, that wbilo care is taken in the
selection of men who will not unnr - ssarilv protract their
em nlovmcnt it should not he cx reeled of them to com
1 j 1 - . 1 ii" 1 m 1" . -. .
plete their labors in an imperfect or hasty manner. It is
much more important that their work should be satisfac-
iory vncn uone, man mat it snouiu oe nnisned in a lew
months sooner or later.
It should also be Itornc in mind r'i.it the great bulk of
I 1 I ? ? .
r vaisii g taws nave necn past irom time to time,
or have been adopted from the co:cmon law to suit the
real or imaginary wants and necessities of our citizens,
and that radical chanses, even when calculated to be
ultimately beneficial, should not be too suddenly and vio
lently made. All laws to be effectual, must be sustained
by public opinion, which, is the srowth of lime, especially
in a community like ours, mado up from the people of
the various Slates of the Union and from various conn
tries, who have brought with t lern views and partialities
ous peClljar systems under which they have been raised,
I would, thorelore, sij"-est. tl.at in adopting s. new sys-
in rc ation to tl
m ii nici tit I Int'c liirmoil r. im t -c v.nri.
tcm or laws for their future government, sufficient time
should b? given before the takine crtect of such laws, to
enable the people to nndersiand tbm, and to adapt their
coiuuii'i ami business to them, so that they may lie pre
nared to sunnort and snst.xin them when not into onera
That poition of the duties of the commission which is
imperatively required by tho Constitution, nuinelv, the
revision of the practice of the courts, will necessarily
occupy their time fir a considerable period, and it mav
le worthy of your consideration, whether the revision of
the Statut laws mav not be advantageously expedited
by authoi itng t!i ni !o receive vnlun'ai v contributions
towards the revision of any particular branches or chap,
ters ol t'iese laws. Bv this means th'- best legal attain
ments of the State, and perhaps out of it, might be en
listed in tho work of makirg a good code, especially if
it was undcrsto.nl that credit would be given to the au-
triors of such conti iliutions as should be thought worthy
Uf adoption, togethct with such compensation as the
Legislature adopting them should think proper to bestow.
The contributions thus offered might belaid before the
j Legislature, which would be enabled to compare the
works of a variety of different persons, and would not
be under the necessity of depending wholly on those
In pursuance of law . I attended the commencement ex
i ercise-? of the State University at Bloomington, in An-
gust last. This institution, then under the immediate
I control of the late distinguished President, Rev. All
drew Wylie, and an abb corps of Professors. I found
1 admirably conducted, and in a flourishing condition.
The wholesome rules were strictly enforced ; the system
I of instruction is of the most permanent and thorough
character. It is understood that application will be
' mado to the Legislature, by the Board of Trustees, for
new powers, in order to enlarge its capacity for future
list fulness. The high character of the gentlemen com-
v-.g that Board, and others interested in its managc
ii ut, is a sere guaranty that you will give them a fa
j voruble heai tg.
Little did I then think, it would be my melancholy
! duty to record the death of the late President Wylie !
This event, which has so suddenly deprived a family of
j its honored and beloved head ; a church, of one of her
i most talented ministers ; onr State, of one of the bright
est ornaments, and the University of its learned Presi
jdrnt, took place on tlie 11th day of November, 1851, at
Iiis late residence ! Truly, a great and good man has
, fnlb-n. Tho question forces itself unbidden upon us,
which way shall wc turn . to whom shall we look to re
pair the loss the University has SO litely sustained?
As an Educator, in tho opinion of those who know bim
best, the late President stood unrivalled. A residence
among us of mo-c than twenty years, most MaWiMatj
spent on the cause of education, has secured for him a
reputation, to attain which, miu'"t bo well considered
enough to satisfy the aspirations of the most ambitious
of men. May his mantle des end upon some one wor-
-1 . , : . i
uiv io iic. ii iv .
The other institutions of the State, under the charge expect foreign eaptial to open them. A full, thorough
of ditT rent denominations, are alike prosperous. No survey of the State will exhibit, at a glance, tho charac
Stat; in the Union, ol our population and age, has so , ,cr nr our soils, our coal, iron, salt, timber, marble,
ninny flourishing male and female Colleges, Medical ; 8tonc quarries, water power, tte., &c, and the people
and JL,aw acnoois, and omer aeninancs oi earning.
According to the Census of H50, we have eigbty-thrce
in number, and in attendance, five t lousandtwo hundred
and ninety pupils.
Thi is thc most favorable view r f the question. The
same census shows, that we have seventy-five thousand
anj seventeen, over the age of twenty years, that can
not read and write. this number, believed by many to
lie more than wc really have, has been greatly enlarged
at a distance, in tho public journals.
In our xeal to advance thc cai;so of sound learning,
we have neglected to throw our energies ami means in
the right direction. Whilst we have been building up
coeges and academies, have we not forgotten and neg
lected the great schools of learning, Common, District,
and Union schools r
There is a diversity of sentiment on this subject yet,
it seems to me that yonr duty is a plain one. It is made
your solemn duty, by the Constitution adopted with such
unanimity, and which you have solemnly sworn to sup
port, " To encourage, by all suitable means, moral, in
tellcetual, scientific, and agricultural improvement
.n,i .,, nrnvi,t bv Inw. for a general system of CrM
M0N Schools, wherein tuition shall be without charge,
an,i equally free to all."
Your officers of State have taken great pains to as
certain the condition of thc School Fund of the Sfcte,
which can be properly devoted V the support of com
mon schools. Circulars have been issued to the coonty
auditors, who have generously furnished the required
information. From these returns, and other informa
tion received, the School Fund is believed to be as fol
lows, to-wit :
Estimated value of County Seminaries and Sem
Amount of Comreasional Townabip Funda, re
ported and estimated
Surplus Revenue- Fund
Bank Tax Fund on loan from State Treaauiy....
Bank Tax Fund on hand in State Treasury
Bank Tax Fund distributed to Ccuutiet
sa'i ur Fund on loan
Sl ne Fund on tund
Saline Fund di.trihuted to Countirs
Common School Fund in Slate Treasury, from
be Bank Profit, exclusive of interest
Sinking Fund on Mortgage to Nov. 4.
Estimated value of School Land unsold
Estimated value or 1,225,000 acre of Swamp
A . aj. . . a r..
A 9WM A Ol
-2, -109 11
. . .
Total 9 6649 3
This estimate shows a productive Common School
Fund of over four and a half millions of dollars a fund
larger, it is believed, in proportion to our population.
than that of any other Stare in lue Union, With a single ex
ception. In addition to this sum , the fund will be constant
ly augmented hy the receipt of fines and forfeitures, and
the profits of the Sinking Fund.
Il becomes yonr duty to husband this fund in such a
manner, and so diffuse its benefits, as to provide for the
education of the youth of every county, township, and
district. The fund is for the common benefit of the chil
dren of the Slate.
Your Constitution provides, that " the principal of
the Ci.mmon School Fund shall remain a perpetual fund
which may lie increased, but never diminished, and the
income thereof shall lie inviolably appropriated to the
support of common school, and to no other purposes
The seeming conflict between tbe act of the Legicla
ture, of February last, and the new Constitution, on the
sibjert of he appropriation of the proceeds of the
Swamp L-imU. may be avoided1 by investing them hi tbe
Bonds o4 the fltate.
We have bad experience, in Indiana, en the subject of
loans, on long credits. Debts, bonds, obligation, wbetb-
; nr Kr Siiiln. nr individual a'.l.rlito i..nn tl. ;,ln.
J .-...u..;, ... v -v.ios ujr... iuo iuU9-
,ry and prosperity of any people. Extended credits to
j indivic' lals hy mortgages on land, are well calculated to
: epre the energies of the borrower, and, from ourovrn
T" ' ' . ' w, c,
Lnrt cil.rf in trn tnmnv intt.non. mvn. t . I I 1... B1A.
forfeiture", costs and
host of officers.
j.v uuiiii. v 1 1 ii in . i ii
nnn. ti.i. u-ii lim c AA r
The propriety of investing all the funds now belong
ing to the School Fur.d, as far as practicable under ex
isting laws, in the stocks of tho State, is worthy of your
. Von will thereby make so much of your debt a domcs-
tic debt, the annual income being fixed and reliable.
i The more wc connect the education of our children
wi'h he integrity, honor, and character of the State,
l" we suau do io Keep me sa:nc inviolate.
This exhibit of the Common School Fund is not onlv
gratifying to every citizen of the State, but it lurnisbes
cuiiciiiMvc evidence oi me w isuom oi mat nrovision oi
ii. '.'-"'.in "i .ttv !. i - . i . '.i v.
. I rv . . - .. . j. . .
, me constitution inai provides lor the election ol a fctate
Suncrintendent of Pnl.lie Instruction Mneb will de.
I - - - -
iifiiu upon inc il "l riii I O
pend upon the character of this otücer, the compensa-
tion vou shall Provide for him the duties von shall im.
pose. 1 lie hist requisite is to have a head to the sys
' : . . ' . . j. 7"
tem, to select a Superintendent who will not only with
1 i.l..lit v .li.nlir.e ik. - - Jnl..:n.. - t,: 1
1 ...ii- j uim.nui tiiv 1 1 '. 1 n i- 1, uv 1 i'i 1 111 11 pi 'i 1 mill, in I k
' who will devote his whole time with energy to the work,
who will travel, examine, investigate, go to every
school district, and make himself acquainted with Ihe
true condition of things, and report them to the Leüisla-
ture as they exist, and who. to a thoroti"h knowledge of
la a a Mi . . . . . "
lis business, will bring a spirit of the utmost devotion to
The organization of this deparlmcnt of education, de
fining its powers and duties, will reouire your calm de
liberation and judgment. No more important duty is j
required at your hands. The care and protection of the
various school funds, their consolidation into a common
fund for the benefit of every child in the State, are sub
jects of no minor interest. But most of all. it is your
duty to provide for condensing and simplifying the en
tire common school law for distribution in every district
in the State, divesting it of all useless machinery, and
bringing it within the capacity and understanding of the
humblest citizen of the school district.
I recommend that you require each county auditor to
keep a record, in which shall be entcted a list of the fines
assessed by the Circuit courts. Justices courts, forfeit
ed recognizances. &c, against whom, what lor. the
amount thereof, collected or not. and allow a compensa- 1
lien to ihe attorney for the Slate, bv a ner centum, to
insure the collections. This book would be open to the
inspection of every citizen of the county, in which could ;
be seen what disposition had been made of every judg
ment, the amount remitted by your Governor, ice.
During the past summer, I piid a visit to the lower :
, Ohio, and spent a day in examining" the large cotton mill
j at Cannelton, in the county of Perry. This factory con- .
tains 10.8(H) spindles, and 370 looms, and is pronounced
what, to my nnpractiecd eye. it seems to be, a most per
I feet establishment. The concern, with its appurtenant ,
j boarding-houses, offiees, shops, tte., has been erected at. i
a cost of near $400.000, and employs near four hundred
hands. It is the first movement made in Indiana, to
' ward manufacturing on a large scale, and deserves the
I encouragement and good will of tho entire State. The
town is situated near the upper edge of the great coal
field, and by its contiguity to the cotton fields, its cheap
; fuel, ami cheap food, is likelv to be a manufacturing
point of great future importance. In various parts of;
tho State, the people are turning their attention to man-
ufacturcs, relying on our natural advantages rather than
upon any government aid for success. Most iWttinat dy j
I for Indiana, she contains, within her own borders, afl
! the elements which arc needful to stimulate this branch
; of industry. She has 7000 square miles of tcrrritory
within the great Illinois coal field," which is marked
one side by the Ohio, and on another by t lie Wabash j
River. Wi'hin that area, large beds of iron have been j
I found, equal in quantity and quality to any in the conn- i
I try the Vermillion and Greene countv furnaces being ;
now in full and successful Mil i llilf Lately iron or of
, a fine quality and in great abundance has been found in ,
j the county of Perry, near Leopold. In other portions,
! there are indications that lead ami other minerals exist.
I refer to these things to show that at no distant da)',
that nart of the State which lies within the coal regions.
.. .. .
I know of no other mode so effectual of rendering this i
aid. as to provide foi a thorough geological and toKi
giaphical survey of the State. So far from changing,
the vise! I expressed on thin subject in my last annual i
message, I am more and more satisfied that no measure ',
within your constitutional power to adopt, could contri
bute so much to the advancement of the State, in popu- .
lation and wealth, we want more capital we want
manufacturing skill and labor we can only invite these :
among us by exploring and laying bare onr mannfaclur- ,
ing resources. This can be done only by the hand of
' science. It will not do to make investments upon mere .
.conjecture: we must have lull and reliable information
: of the nature and extent of our mines, before we enn
in! the nature and extent o our mines
,r .1C jst;,r everywhere alike interested in the mea-
sure. The more manfacturing capital there is intro.
duced. the lighter will lie the burthens of each individual,
the more taxable wealth of the State. It will lead to a
division of labor, so indiimentalile to the. agricultural .
and so important to all interests. In our expansive ter-
I ritory, now reaching from ocean to ocean, the States
will be thrown more nnd more upon their individual
j resources; State legislation will rise indignity, and the
; ambition of the wise and good man v. ill be not so much
to participate in our national atlairs, as to aid in ag
grandizing bis State. Our geographical position is now
commanding, and such il must ever lie. Whatever
betides the country, we cannot change our commercial
and social attitude in tins Republic, as a central
State, over whose territory the car of commerce must, in
all future time, pass. No Indianian can be insensible
to our future policy and glory ns a State To attain
our true position, however, we mut lay open onr mines,
and clear away the rubbish which hiatea our wealth from
the keen and eager eye of enterprize.
I recommend that you take prompt steps for the com
mencement of a thorough geological and topographical
survey of thc State, and that you likewiso connect with
the present duties of the Auditor or Secretary of State, a
Bureau of Statistics.
In connection with these subjects, yon are invited to
the propriety of calling the attention of o;ir Senators
and Representatives in Congress to tbe bill introduced by
a distinguished Senator of Illinois This bill proposes to
ive to each of the States in which are government lands.
township of land for each land office district, to be ap-
propriated, under the Slate authorities, for the purpose
le Li.:-' e-M i;..-i j ..... f
n maKing a inn pcoiogieai nun i..p.i:.npi..cB. u. c .
'I C- 1 TM a ' I ST I . a a.
tneotate. nie ucnerai uaiuwiai aa
I millions of acres of land n our State. This would give
tni,i ,i (, tl.ona.n.l acres It
i i il " hunJ.red an;' ,orty, V ? v nment io
; would be sound policy on tho part of thc government 10
I.,, i . n .1 , .4. ,ii
. ilia nc i 1 1 uuiiusivik
The act of last session, entitled "an act for the en
couragement of agriculture," approved February 14th,
has had a most healthy influence Aliont thirty county
agricultural societies have been organized. Meetings,
addresses, and fairs hav lieen held in several of those
counties. The proper spirit is aroused among our peo
nle. The farmers and mechanics of the country want
t),e benefit of each others' experience and knowledge.
The trials, tests and experiments that are elicited by
county end state agricultural fairs, are well calculated
to bring forth all these. The State Board will be able
to lay before yon, during the session, a very interesting
report. By publishing a sufficient ntmibcr of theso re-
port, you may a., tne coun.ysoc.euc .o e...rc ......
I m f rrm nma hr makinr a eonv of the report or the
State Board apart of the premiums awarded; and a
number will be desirable to exchange with other States,
that we may be able to have copies of the reports of our
sister States in exchange therelor, to give as premiums
at the contemplated State fair. In this way we may lie
able to communicate tbe knowledge of each Sate and
county fair over every coonty in the State.
I recommend that vou make a liberal annual appro
priation to the State Board of Agriculture.
The lJtti article ol thc constitution, proiinuuns
groes and mulaltoes from coming into or settling within
the State, was adopted by ninetv-onc thousand nine
h,.nr.wl -nd fift-.fiv maiori.v of onr people, at the
r - . . .
ballot-box. It is your positive daty to pass efficient and
prompt laws to carry out this provision of the Constitu
tion. This measure, adopted with soeh unanimity, was
called for, independent of other conidrrations, by the
policy pursned by some of onr sister States.
In connection with this question, you are again earn
estly invited to the subject of coloniiing the blacks now
will constitute onr great manufacturing district, and that viue, 1 1 mi, wnicn is mucn me most expensive pur
h is the duty of the Legislature to aid in developing its I tion of the work, the labor of constructing the canal is ;
... n a m i . .u:...l r I I . i. t : - i
nmnnn na Ii t .
, rt .jo ai.ir mai iut suui-ii ui tuiu.
nizstion should receive the attention and encouragement
of the General and State Governments that thay will I
; co-operate with the aid of the good and benevolent of;
! flirt nrui tilri am nitn fhAav unit -.A tTU- . I. .1.:.. - -
:wwJf WHV .LU .c. u,,.ij niu.,3 in
' a-nr Ir . 1 1 .... t o T . I .... I k,-,, f; I . : r . I .
worir. cniM'i a nrn. nn nni fir.nl rf r i mn f il.n
races, restore the black man to the land of his fathers.
f - - - r " v j ui . v v. V
benefit his condition, and
condition, and remove from us this great
source of evil.
The cause of colonization is advancing, and it is in
cumbent npon Indiana to extend to it her intluence and
contributions, however limited tho means at her dispo-
You are invited to the many valuable suggestions con -
taiaedinthe reports of the Trustees and Supei intend-
cuts of our benevolent institution.
' In addition to the views submitted in my last commit
" - " - w.
nication on the subject of these insiitulions, to which
you are rci
j . . . . . . . , öw4tiit.j. 1HC in win mi tl l I II il I. m I 1 1 L"
I . . . . " . .
von A r referr.wl f ...i ...... f ill. MMfti .
appropriations mane to sustain tiicm, under the head of1
the ordinary rrnentrt nt ih Kfni .t;mati , i... .....t.,
annually, and the appropriations made direct by you to
I each of the three institutions Rv so .!.,le,r . .... ...Ill
i J T vw s-s ui V-, V Jlillinno V Ul llinur
.. .. . -j r j "
relieve the county and State olheers from much labor in
i calculating the fractional levies heretofore
e made. But
.. all iliis i.e nntn.:.i... :ll i.. j: .
' , .iii- ujiii i.fi ia liuiia 1111 UC Uli l I lipon CS
' timatts examined by the representatives of the people,
1 exhibitin? every dollar appropriated, and for what pur-
pose. W hile the peopl are ready, with liberal hand,
: to sustain these institutions, iustly rccardincr them as
the pride and honor of the State, they still demand that
II a a. al ' .
an cxnentiitur. s should he made with economy, and the
accounting officers be held to a strict accountability. A
departure from this principle will most assuredly lead to
T'1 State will become vested, in January, 1S53, with
nn interest in the Madison and Indianapolis Railroad,
the value of which will be contingent upon the future
earnings ol the work. A proposition was made at the
last session of the General Assembly, by the company
to pnrchaso tho interest of the State. It may bo re
newed at ihe present session. The experience of other
States has d.nonstratcd that all connection between the
State anil corporations, in the construction and mainte
nance of public works, is unprofitable, and invariably
results disastrously to the State.
The railroad interest is becoming a large and vastly ex-
tended one within our borders. The retaining of an in
terest by the State in any one work, is calculated to ex-
jealousy on the part of other companies, ir indeed
does not actually induce in legislators and other pub-
lie autnonues. a species
of favoritism that should not
The letter of the new Constitution positively debars
e State from forming such connexions hereafter; and !
i spirit equally requires, in my judgment, that, where I
they now exist, these partnerships dinuld be dissolved
whenever this can be done consistently wi'h the terms
of the contract, and the interest of the parties.
Tho stock of this read has heretofore been a very ,,een received for the Swamp Lands. It is daily expect
prolitable one, and may continue so. pd. Your attention will be called to this subject by spe
lt may be mentioned in this connexion, that during cial communication, during the session,
the past year, it is said the company has made all the ! The Report of the Agent of State furnishes a correct
permanent improvements, by the issue of bonds, consc- statement of our Public Debt, and the opcratious of his
quently an imposition of a large debt upon the road, af- Agency, to which your attention is invited,
feeling the interest of the State equally with that of the Senator and Representatives: Assembled as you are,
stockholders. The State has no power to prevent this, anu constituting the first organization of the law-making
has no effective control in the management of the road, power under the new Constitution, your responsibilities
in the payment of salaries to officers. &c. are great, and your duties arduous and difficult. There
Without entering into details, but denying the right 's much for you to do. It is impossible for me, in this
claimed by the company to purchase the' road by sec- communication, to call your attention to the various sub
tions. thereby diminishing the rights of tho State Ibr a I jects that require your delilieratc consideration and ac
ooinpaiatively small amount. I recommend a sale of the j tion. If you ska I be able to make our Common School
interest of the State upon such terms as the Legislature Fund secuie ant. permanent, and to establish a syst, m
shall consider just, fair and equitable. The sooner the of Public Instruction adapted to the wants of our jieo
State is entirely free from all public works, the better it plo, a system which shall annually and equitably dis
will be for all parties. pense its benefits to every child in Indiana, and which
The Wabash and Erie Canal, under the management shall be designed to open a Union and Free School in
of the Trustees, 1ms progressed steadily and satisfacto- every Two-mile-square District in the State, in which
nly towards its final completion. It has been navigable !
during tho season just passed as far south as the cross- ;
ingof the west fork of White River, in Greene county, .
2-51 miles from the State line, and 365 miles from To- '
Early in the ensuing season it is expected that 27
miles will be added to this navigation, extending it to
II ivsville, in Daviess county. From that point to Evans-
.:ii -r , 9t l 1 t 1 . I
;anv iwo iuiios periuimeu, anu mc ttuinncc is 10 uc ac
complished by the first of November next, aecording to i
the terms of the contracts. Thc opening of the canal
from the Ohio river into tho heart of the White River j
country, a district enjoying heretofore no better nnviga- J
tion than that afforded by these rivers, will give an im
pulse to the agricultural and manufacturing interests of j
that section of the State highly favorable to its future
advancement and wealth. The increasing sales of the
canal land in the Viucennes Distric, afford evidence
that the advantages of this groat work are beginning to
The tolls received during tho year ending- November
1st, amount to $179,232 76. exceeding the receipts of
last year by the sum of $22 12-1 38.
Maj. John S. Sinionvin has furnished tho State a full
nnl ner ect roll ol lie nrim-'S ti.e men who en i
roll ol Ihe nnni's ol the men who enlisted
in Indiana, belonging to the renimentof Mounted Rifle- i agitr.tion. Uur people want peace, and they esteem no
men, and served in 1846, numliering two hundred and ; sacrifice, short of that of principle, too great to secure
j sixty; also tho rank of each, where born, when enlisted, 't
: under whom, period of service, remarks, eto. He is en- Indiana holds him an enemy to thc well-being of this
i titled to your thanks. I recommend that an approprin- Republic who pursues any course tending to widen the
1 tion be made sufficient to cover the expense of obtaining breach between the North and the South. Minor ques
a large Record Book, in which should be recorded the ! tions sink into insignificance compared to the great par
name of all who were engaged in the war with Mexi- j amount duty of every American citizen, the prescrva-
It. birth ealistment. ne. tion of the integrity of the Union.
riod of service, etc. This record to be deposited in thc
Since tbe adoption of thc new Constitution, various
complicated questions arising under it, have lieen pre
sented to the officers of State lor their consideration.
These questions relate mainly to the right of certain ;
persons elected previously to tho adoption of ihe Consti
Mtioa,ti hold two offices, to tbu question whether certain
officers aro continued over or abolished, to the approval of j
official bonds taken from those appointed to office to fill i
vacancies. Upon these and similnr points, your officers
have not failed to give their opinion ; yet some of the
questions presented are uot free ftom donbt. These ro- ,
quire your consideration, and approprrate and definite j
I ' . t' IHKIIIS,
ficld-notes, maps, and all other papers pertaining
survey of the entire lauds in this State, have been
to the survey
received from the General Government: but in a condi
tion not to bo useful, except a key or index be prepared
for that purpose. I recommend that an appropriation
be made for the purpose of having such key or index
! provided, to the original field-notes of every Section line,
private hand claim, Indian grant, and Township maps,
IVV. . , .v. 1 . , in vim Hillm W.I..V.
I a tM l
fi n Urn in flia ti'hn.o StfMtft
The power to appoint Ivotanes Public, is now given
law to the Executive. The propriety of requiring
7 law to tne ccuu .e. urn p.u . ...
lhe crrtlricate of tbe Circuit Judge ot tbe Circuit, as to
. r ., u . .h- ,r
. lUD M."",,'s, -rt": r : rr
j. ... , . (a U ;. ,,bv of o,.r non.id.
I" "I ""J . "IT""'Y' ' 1 3 7 .r
eration. This rule is adopted in many of the States.
The highest Pumher in he State Prison the past year,
a in(SlT.two. The number pardon-
" " - J ..
ed, sixteen. For further details, your attention ii invi-
ted to the able and interesting Reports ot tue lsitor
and Warden of the Prison.
Time has confirmed me in tho correctness of the views
Expressed at ihe last session, on the subject of giving
discretionary power to tho Courts in tho punishment of
I . f I : nf 1. nni l.nn.lrA.I anil nini'tv.
convicts ior lurceuies. vy. mo "- . - j
two convicts in the State Prison, one hundred and fifteen
of them have lieen convicted for larceny. Yon are re
spectfully referred to my former message as to the pro
priety of chancing the criminal law in these cases, as
well as to the policy of establishing Houses of Refuge
and work-shops in counties or districts, for the punish
ment and reformation of juvenile offendeis. This duty
- -,rfl,,tj enjoined upon you by tbe Constitu
,s now P""" """J"'" I J
tton- ... v
The Constitntion makes it your duty to prescribe reg
ulations aftd rules for the exercise of the pardoning pow
j er. I recommend yon to lequire notice in all 1 applica
tions ; and in those maue lor tne remission oi u.ic a..u
forfeitures, tbe opinion of the county officers, at le?.st
those who represent the sc.!roo? fund of the county.
Your attention is invited to the sutiiect of tho interest
tbo State lias in the Three Per Cent. Fund, arising from
tn aale of the Public Lands within the State. For
a . 1 1 . I - I . I . . a Ami
. . i i - - m - r. .,, ti it
several years me aiaie na rtmit ru.. ......
source; a large amount has aceuiimlatel in the iationai
Treastirv The General Government being the holder
of certain of our State bonds, as trustee for certain In-
dian tribes, has claimed the right to appropriate our
Three Per Cent. Fund towards the interest on these
ponds, tlicreoy wminniuing ine same i.. u. a
priety of this conrso may well lie doubted. It has also
' - .nonniliiil thaf .rrnrc ViaVA oeetvred in the CSti-
... -. :i l u: , i r- ... t ,a
mate of the fond froaa siaae te tiaae, which it. would be
i) ie lnlCrcM Ol t 1C SlUiC lO have P nV r Pfim lift
Two years ao a ioint rcsolu ion o the rlrlrVik?
bly was passed authorising ou? Senators "o attend To
this matter and 'report their action to the. nxn T ei.L.
' An1.. . '
itiic. UJr Senators, at the pommrnrrmMit n! th ui
: . . ... ... . . .
nn f I" III! I I III 1-nl iliifY win . h. M M 1 . . 1 .
I . - . ' . 1 1
! the action of (Wre nno
time.no further nrore h. h (äw . ....
i 1 - - -- nn . v . . t tuuM , ' tt njenj ti y
arrangement, so far as the officers of State are ad-
w"1' . ...
I suggest the propriety of passing joint resolution,
making it the duty of some one of the Elective officer, to
I make a full inves'tiiration of this fund at the tresnrv
' procure, if possible, the amount due us and, if It is
thought advisable, to enter into ne2otiations with the
Government in n-i'. r, t ti... kmui. k.o.i
I - -s ...-w. ... . , 1 aii- ti -.'i nil?'
ns. Your early attention to this subject may enable me
to lav the result of this inv,t,.ion b.fo. M,
nrecent cpciAn tli.it tliei-el... -a.. - .. - - -
sent session tht il.erel.rv., ,w. al-
I ' - . . u . . . umi urn l . 1 Ulli LUKC UHU Ul II "11 le
I . .
Il is your dntr tn Nr n(T tl. State !nt , P
, gressional Districts; also, not less than three, nor more
I than rive Snnreiiie Jmlieinl Districts .ml ., .w.l. -
J - W I in w.uiv 4 I t ' ' . 11. It II V. tFII
. - r.: - . . : v. -.. ..v.
Der 01 Circuit Judicial Districts, as vou may deem cxpe-
"'nt, in such manner as shall be tust and right towards
inn . ,,i" ..r .1
. . .1 .3 ... i 1 v 1 . .ni 1. ul lilt" i-inic.
1 T1'e State should provide suitable buildings for all her
: officers, as near together as possible. The Capitol
j should ha alone used for the Representatives of
the people, and the State Librarv. The Governor's and
Treasurer's houses, with other property owned by the
I r. - a J a . f K - - J
otate, might be sold. 1 he
proceeds of this nronertv.
with the aid that the General Government will doubtless
' urn'h, will be sufficient to erect a good, substantial
I building on the Governor's Circle, that would accommo-
' ' . . 11 .... r -1 tsr . . : a
iiato all the
ments, without any tax upon the treasury
ui-1-.-eis oi mo national and Mntc Uovern-
It would be
sounu poucy to auopt tnis course.
I would direct your attention to the propriety of esta
blishing the office of Attorney General. For the want
ol such an officer, it has been frequ- nlly found necessary
to employ counsel for the State at great expense. The
sums paid for such services, added to the losses which
have been sustained by the want of legal skill in cases
where the State has leen a paity to legal proceedings,
must have. within the last fifteen years, exceeded the high
est sum paid for tho compensation of an Attorney General
in many of the other States. II there was heretofore a
necessity for such an officer, there will be hereafter a
still greater one; as, under an entire new svtcm of le
gisla.ion, it must be expected that new questions of law
will constantly arise. Such an officer would be of gre,t
assistance to "the various Executive officers, and his an-
assistance 10 mc various executive omcers, anil his ap-
pointment would be justified ou tho ground of economy
89 rH ns that of necessity.
The nominal sum paid to my immediate predecessor
for the Georgia lands has not been paid into' the treasu-
ry. Suit is now ..ending for the same.
J .1 . " " . -
' ... t 1... r- i n. -a t. .. . .
sciioois children oi every ran anu condition, rich and
poor, shall meet upon common ground, and shall ba
taught by ihe same class of books, and by competent m
streeters. And if, in addition to this, you shall also be
able to devise and establish a Sinking Fund System that
shall annually reduce the public debt, and thereby grad
ually lessen, and finally extinguish that burden; when
you shall have accomplished these objects, you may
wiih joy return to your constituents, bearing with you
your own approbation, and that of all good men. And
be assured, gentlemen, that it will "ive me preat plea
suro to co-operate, zealously, w?f?i you in promoting
theso, and all other measures that are calculated to ad
vance the peace, prosperity and happiness of our com
mon constituents, and of our common country.
Throughout iho past year, peace and harmony be
tween the various sections of the Union, have been
gradually and firmly established. The great disturbing
questions wh eh for a lime threatened results, the ulti
mate issue of which no man could foresee, have been
put to rest, and with it the heart-burnings and sectional
recriminations which it brought in its train. Our pres
ent tranquility is the best evidence of the wisdom and
prudence of thc measures of adjustment adopted by
the last Congress.
The hieb conservative ground maintained by "nr State,
is shown in the fact that we support no man who fovors
Each nnd all of the laws constituting that Compro
mise, which has been as oil cast upon the troubled wa
ters, are assented to, afrd have been carried out, so far : Gen. Lane.
as they apply to us, in word and letter, according to ; The address of Gov. Wright ana rosponse of Gen
the strictest judicial construction, by the citizens of our Lane, at tho late Lane reception jubilee, which are pub
State. This has bcrn done cordially, and with as near lisheu ou the first page of this paper, will be read with
an approach (o hearty unanimity as any measure enact- iuteicst.
ed to reconcile similar sectional differences can ever be1 Heretofore, among the newspapers of Indiana, the
expected to receive. i most voefferous in support of Gen. Lane for the Presi-
Iudiana desires to see tbe Compromises made under
the Constitution, and expressly framed to carry into ef
fect ifs provisions, remain undisturbed. She says to the
South, as well as to the North, that these measures niust
stand that this sectional controversy must not again be
opened upthat time, as an element which enters info
! everything that is valuable, must test their wisdom and
efficacy that from whatever quarter of the Lnion eb
lorts shall tie maue to revive tins sectional agnation. In
diana is against it.
She favors not. nor will she by her votes countenance
those who favor the opening afresh, in any manner, un
der any pretence, the questions so recently and so hap
pily disposed of, let us hope forever. Our duty is plain,
abide by tne past, sustain thc measures jaunjuuy, cease
I . . Ji
I . J . . f I I, .. f.. t n t km int.fi.iiiiri n ml i
agnation, ir jmc,,c !T. n I
i patriotism of the people, under the guidance of I ran- ;
JOSEPH A WRIGHT.
December 2d, 1851.
T. , IT. r nUaanr to nnd an hour or tWO
X k 11 ai OU I f I ! 1 11 1 1 I'. .-'-' mm 1
in conversation with this distinguished individual, at the
, rpn. T.ne meetine- in Indianapolis. He is a man about
' medium sj2e) with an appearance indicating capacity-
ror aily pOSjtion cither in civil or military life. He
$ ks mi( ,)lU firmjy . and, at times, q ite fluently,
jn(icecj we mi.htsnv. his conversational powers are ex-
1 ' ... " I . I LB. r .. .
; eeilent. Mis bearing is maniv, anu in niic.cou.ac
frank and generous to a fault. But that peculiar trait
the predominating characteristic of the man, is his nat
; ural good sense his strong will and Roman firmness.
In these particulars, Gen. Lane is second only to An
drew Jackson i and should the partiality of hfi country -:
men call him to the Chief Magistracy of this great na
tionand should another critit arise we would find bim
possessing ample nerve to say, M Thus far shalt thou go
j and no farther." Marion Journal.
Sbcrifl's Fees in California.
California Sheriffs are pretty well paid. The law in
rerard to them allows three dollars for serving a sum
mons or any other process hy which an action is com
menced j for travel, fifty cents per mile; for a bond, two
honil. one dollar : tor sen -
UtHltlia, IUI o t.vi mavw v- j If
ing a subprnna, for each witness, one .dollar, and lor
every mile traveled serving it, one dollar.
TTTh. ate 91 convicts in the Jeffersonviile Peni
tentiary all in good health and doing the state yeoman
: Tki. ;. m, than has ever been confined at hard
nrisonwalls since Indiana has been erected m.o
' ' " 1
t I i 11. . in i -
ErThe Emperor of Austria is only 41 years of age,
1 yet a perfect tyrant.
. Th Pre,de"CV.
Louisville Democrat hoists the name of Stephen
! A Douglas, of Illinois, as a candidate for the Presidaa.
I . .
tv. AM KnUrlM T
Hur.tcr, of Virginia for the Vice
i j i
! w copy the following remarks of Mr. Harnev. tha
, editor of the Democrat, in which he gives bis reason.
I for this important step:
m. , . ,,
." 10 the next Pres.dentf An important
i - w i '
1 tJUCfcUon J"t ow' fcnd Pn to dcussion. The State
r Prennr,n? wnd pelegate. to the General
' OBe,,n '"ch is to make ilbe selection . f Democrat ie
1 candidates lor the ornce of t resident and ice Picsiiient
' , "J "l",T. r r 7 i ;,emPor"Vc! "1v
in l,ca1ed lhe,r preferences, and we have concluded to
i- L. IT. 1 t: . . m m - .
,oI,,w tlle S',0l example. We have
exiinitile. TT e hive i,nt tin the
of Douglas und Hunter, to stand until next November.
j unless iney are superseded I y others nominated by the
democratic General Convention. He shall not dispar
a"C a!lV tle u'8,'"Cu'bed men who are prominent for
. f - r . ,
n' n--- ... , ,, c uumju
' . :"i r""1,",1 "
I . 1 "... - - f V.
wu" " y jy , , , f"fl ,or ""J one of -- p'"st any
candidate likely to lie iioroin&ied. Let ihore who
. f i i i . nuu wc oeneve me electoral vote OI
preler others present their claims; with them we bava
, no controersy. There arc several whose claims to
nomination are entitled to a candid consideration, and
who would do honor to themselves in the high stations
to be filled. We think, however, the ticket we have
placed at our mast-bead has superior claims in ihe pres
ent crisis before the Democracy of this country. Ir
preferring it, we consult no local partialities or persona!
feelings. Neither of them belong to our own Common-
wealth; nor are thfy even personal acquaintances of
ours. We take them as they stand before the country
by their public acts, and their well known characters in
the responsible offices they have occupied.
" The name of Douglas is associated with all the stir
ring and important political movements of the last tea
or fifteen years. Tie has led the van of progreM. Al
though comparatively young, his superior talents have
won him a fame which lew even of the elders in politics
ever attain. It appears to be the policy of some to sc.
Icct a candidate of merely negative character, who has
has not been as the phrase goes, mixed up with the late
issues bcloie the country. Wc prefer a man who fief
E'i'nZ . V "TP.-.? 2? a,ked
35 th,m-.w!0 as maintained Ills .ntf-cr.ty and
i'.1""".? ln thc, tempest of excitement, and who has
in i he midst of sectional conflicts. Ve rirffer
working democrat, who has been untiring and
X'e" i- V r . r' T1
7.1.1.- , a C J' 1 ' DeT
crnts luve never m-ceei ed nrinn mum nennt hoc Iä
' - n...! . i vi;","sc.
party by such a policy can control the destinies of ihil
great Republic, and no man of such negative pretensions
should be placed at the helm. The whole Union, and
especially the great West, know Stephen A. Douglas.
On tho questions of a National Bank, the Independent
Trrasiiry, Tariff Reform, the settlement of the Oregon
question, the acquisition of Texas, and reforms in tbe
disposition of the Public Lands, bis course has been
maiked, firm, consistent, democratic; throughout tbe
apiiation of tbe Compromise measures, he has ben the
liberal statesman, true to the Constitution, and the in
flexible opponent of scctionnl fanaticism. He might
have made himself the idol of a faction by partderrng to
sectional prejudice, but his talents needed no such a
prop to support bim, and his integrity has been proof
against the temptation. We can find no one of tbe same
active and positive public rife whose antecedents will
bear so rigid a scrutiny, tie is in tbe prime of life, able
to e duic the trials of a station which has proved fatal
to three Presidents iu the las. ten or twelve years. Har
rison and Taylor survived only a short time the perplex,
ities and trials of thc Presidential office, and Polk lived
, only to the close of bis term.
, We have reason to expect that the next four years
will be eventful in our foreign relations, and require r.
; duons duties of the President of the United Stales. We
need not commend the abilities of Douglas. Tbev ffre
too well known. His power has been felt in ihe policy
of the nation, wherever talent, energy, boldness ar.d in
dependence were needed. He is, besides, from fhw
great Northwest, the popular favorite of that recion;
and (he South will feel confident that they have in bim a
shield against aggressions upon State rights, ar.J tbe
fanatical agitations of the subject of Slavery in the
councils of the Federal Government. The favor with
which his name is mentioned North artr? Sooth, is omin
ous oi good. Tbe real friends of the Union recognize
in bim one npon whom they can safely unite. Some
Stales have their favorites whom they would prefer ; bot
Douglas is their choice, local partialities aside. We re
gard these signs as pointing to bim above all others, up
on whom the voice of his country will unite with most
cordiality. If we consulted our partialities for some
! older politicians, our choice would lie diflerent : but the
signs of the lirrtcs point to tbe young gianl ol Illinois,
and we say, lei bim have tbe track. His part can have
no better candidate, snd bis country no better Presi
dent. Of the second on the ticket, R M. T. Honter. of
. Virginia, we cannot write at length. He i a popular
' and able Senator from the old Commonwealth of Virgi
nia, and belongs to the genuine Jcffersonian school, the
strong advocate of StatJ rights, and the firm friend of
. the Union. The ticket will have a significance about it
that we should be proud to see supported, unpalatable
to none but a faction to whom the Constitution and its
provisions aro unpalatable."
dency were those strongly tinctured with Iree-soilism .
The favor of this class of politicians no doubt injured the
General's cause, and to it may be attributed tfie sparse
attendance at the reception meeting last week. Of this
the General appears to have been fully conscious ; and
if he did not in so many bitter words cty:
Save me from my friends P
ho took effei live measures to free himself from their
pernicious iufiience, by declaring emphatically that the
Compromise measures were ight, that the Fugitive
Slave Law uns thc BEST of them all! Harra for Jo.
Lane! Anothei leap of the kind into our affections, ani
his name shall be inscribed on our Presidential Banner.
THt Cheat Postage Law The working of tbe
cheap postage law, under tbe first quarter, it is said,
will how a reduction of 25 per cent, in the receipts of
that office, compared with the same quarter of the year
previous under the former law. Tbe gross receipts for
the year 1850 were $5,552,971, and if the falling off
should hold the same proportion as tne nrst quarter
tl rArrk the entire vear. the receipts tQIS year Will be
i .ill v. ft. . ------ w j r , . . -
icy, ,y over Si ,348,000 than last. Tbis will reqnire an
additional sum to tie yoicu dj vranm. w n..- uK
deficiency, the appropriation by the last Congress not
' a T a. I ali: CT Tl - aWa
reaching'near tbe amount of the falling off. The Post
master General , in his report last year, anticipted' tl.at
the contemplated reductions of postage would make tbe
receipts fall below the expenditures for four or five
years, but probably he did not imagine that tbe deficien
cy would amount to one-fourth tbe receipts of the de
partment. Under these cirenmstanees it is not proba
ble that Congress will accede to the wishes of those
who desire to reduce the letter-postage at once to a sin
gle cent, th .ngh it is said that some amendment will ba
recommended in regard to tbe postage on punted mat
ter PA-ia. Ledger.
SrwccLAn thing to EACGH at. The Cincinnati
Enquirer says: "Post k Co., have laid on onr table
'The Remains of an Old Maid,' which is very laugh
able." Very unfeeling, wa take it.
D Women always want something to lean upon.
Like a grape-vine, they are nothing without a support.
What a stick is to sweet peas, so is she masculine gen
der to the female human.
CT Asked a chap veeterdav of tbe Providence Rail
road tick't e.erk: ' 'Wbea does the Railroad stait?
i Five miaute after tbe freight-houee reaves," was tbe
Aw Vr.nT DorBTrTft Another editor says that a
' man in
Morris ctttntv raime three buadrea pounas 01
butter frr week by karte potter.