INDIANA STATE SENTINEL
WILLIAM J. BROWN, Editor.
(WEEKLY, Per Aimb, W.OO
I DAILY, 4.00
AUSTIN H. BROWN, Publisher
INDIANAPOLIS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1852.
INDIANA STATE SENTINEL:
A GAZETTE OF THE PEOPLE.
OFFICE IS THE TOMLIHSON BUILDINGS,
Corner of Washington Street and Hickory Alley,
SIGN OF THE IIICKORF POLE.
AUSTIN H. BROWN. PiMbker,
The Weekly Indiana State Sentinel,
(ÜrTO SIXCiLE SUBSCRIBERS.
IS ONLY ONE DOLLAR A YEAR!
Eleven Copies for Ten Dollars ! !
TO BE PAID IN ADVANCE IN ALL CASES.
THURSDAY MORNING, SEPT. 9, 1852.
The Whig party of Indiana, or rather Milton Gregg
and John D. Defrees. have rot un and issued a nam.
Lm .. ... l . 1
phiet, and circulated several thousand copies, detailing
r ' I
the expenditures of the last Legislature contrasting J
the first session under the new Constitution, where the I
laws were revised and made to conform to that instrn-
k obf - I
ment making all local laws general in their charac
ter fixing Congressional Districts. Supreme Court Dis
tricts, and Circuit Court District enacting a new and
general system of Education providing for a new Pro
bate system, in the establishment of a Court of Common
Pleas a general Railroad law a system of Free
Banking and a thousand other things, requiring much la
labor and investigation, and which occupied between five
and six months in its deliberations, with ordinary sessions,
udtere but little was done of benefit to the country show
ing that more money was expended at the last than pre
rious sessions of the Legislature. This, they hope, will
place the Whig party in power '
Near the commencement of the last session this plau
of attack was agreed upon by the Whig leaders, and a
systematic effort was made to procrastinate the time of
the two Houses by the Whig members. Out of the
many attempts, at this kiud of game, we shall only, at
present, single out two items, reserving others to a fu
The gallant Major Simenson who belonged to Gen.
Persifer F. Smith's celebrated Rille Regiment that
acted so distinguished a part in the triumphal march of
the American army from Vera Cruz to the city of Mex
ico that participated in every buttle, and was the first
to plant the tars and stupes upon the Halls (.f the
Montezumas after the capture of the city collected a
number of cariosities, embracing a suit of ancient armor
and some pictures, which he sent home, and directed a
portion of them to be deposited in ihe State Library,
which was accordingly done, and for which la received
a vote of thanks ol nearly every member of both Houses
ol the Legislature, by the passage of a joint resolution,
found upon tbe statute books of the State. To procras
tinate the time of the Legislature, and to give color to
the cry of extravagance they intended to make, it was
agreed, in secret conclave, that David P. Holloway
now an ardent supporter of General Scott, and who had
been opposed to the Mexican war and General Scott
should offer a resolution insinuating that these articles
had been plundered from the Mexicans by oar brave
soldiers; and when the charge was repelled by Demo
crats in the Senate, who had been in Mexico, an attempt
was made to prove it, by such Whigs as Geo. G. Dunn,
Joseph G. Marshall, D. P. Holloway, and other leaders
of the Whig party. A debate ensued, which occupied
some eight or ten days George G. Dunn making one
speech of three hours to prove that the war with Mexi
co was unjust and unconstitutional, and that Indiana
volunteers, on their return from Mexico, had been sent
to the Penitentiary, and consequently would be guilty of
(he outrages complained of in Holloway 's infamous reso
lution. There was no other course left for the Demo
crats to pursue, but to meet these slanders of their
countrymen, and show, by referring to the infamous
speech of Corwin, and other Whig documents, that the
Whigs in Congress had embarrassed the administration
of President Polk by refusing supplies to our brave
army. They had to suffer the Whig leaders to cram
these vile slanders down their throats, or incur the ex
pense of several thousand dollars to repel them. This
waa nobly done by Lane, Cravens, Athon, and many
ethers, who had met the enemy on the battle-fields of
This useless discussion cost the State of Indiana at
least ix thousand dollars- It was not the individual
act of Holloway, but of the leaders of the Whig party,
to give room for their cry of extravagance. It was an
uncalled for movement, alike disgraceful to the man
who offered the resolution, and the party who hissed
Six thousand dollars! Only think of it uselessly
squandered a sura that would have paid some fifteen
clerks and door-keepers for their services during the en
The next item is an effort, on the part of tire Whig
leaders, to prevent the appointment, or rather election
of two Whigs on the committee of Revision, and which
was accomplished by a revolutionary movement of the
Whigs of the House in breaking a quorum, not only
once, but on ten different occasions Here was a delay
in legislation, by a high handed and revolutionary move-
ment, unparalleled in the history of legislation, and
which cost the Mate at least tour thousand dollar It I
was unparalleled, because the Democratic majority de-
sired the services of two prominent Whigs who were
willing to terve, Messrs. Bryant and Linsday on a
co man fee to revise the laws, but on which committee)
the leaders of the Whig party determined they should
Here we have ten thousand dollars uselessly expend
ed, withoat tbe shadow of a reason, and for which the
Whig party is responsible being brought about by the
leaders as a portion of their tactics for the present cam
paign. The first was too damnable in its character for
any Democrat to suffer to pass without rebuke , and the
last, by s revolutionary movement, entirely beyond the
reach of the majority, who, the Whigs contend, are re
sponsible for all expenditures.
These two items alone, amounting to ten thousand
dollars worse than thrown into the sea would have
aid twenty-fin clerks and door keepers daring tbe entire
The SUM Fair.
Tbe attention ef our readers is called to the advertise
ment, in the proper colamn, of Mr. Dennis, tbe Super
inutadent of the State Fair. A rare caaaee is offered
to some enterprising roan to make money. A large
tent Itted up as an eating-house in the day time, and
whioh could be readily converted into a sleeping bouse
at night, will prove to be a profitable concern to the
OTbe Army of tbe United States number 10.129.
Abstract of the New Postas? Law.
This law goes into operation n the 1st day of next
month, (October). Under it
Newspapers, periodicals, unsealed circulars, Stc.,
: weighing not over three ounces, are to pay one cent
1 I. --. ...... - t I 11 ... tr .1 a
' " Ul ",L um,tu ? or uau inai
I .t " !ir i i
. KIC, UCIO I.TIU UUBI LCIII Ul Call) 111 au wmuc .
. 1 nnnAAl half fU ahnvA rifA trrtAra r , . n 1 n . J u-lihin
ewspupers , etc., weignuig noi over one anu a nan
I Newspapers, papers, and pamphlets of not more than
16 pages, 8vo., in packages of not less than 8 ounces, to
one address, tobe charged half a cent an ounce, without
regard to the number of pieces.
Postage on all transient matter to le pre-paid, or
Books, bound or unbound, of not more than four
pounds each, one cent per ounce, under three thousand
miles, and two cents over that distance. Fifty per cent.
to be added where not pre-paid
Weekly newspapers free in the county of publica. ,
Bills for newspapers, and receipts for payment of
moneys therefor, may be enclosed in subscribers' pa
pers. Exchanges between newspaper publishers free.
N ewspapers, &c..to be so enclosed that the character
can be determined without removing the wrapper to
have nothing written or printed on the paper or wrap-
, , B , ,- " ,. j . LfT Z i T-
9er beyond the direction, and to contain no enclosure
other than the bills or receipts before mentioned.
Letter postage is not touched at all bv the new law,
but will remain as at present.
The next Presidency.
Under this head the Mississippi Argus has a long ar
ticle, in which the editor urges many reasons why the
south should support Gen. Scott. Among which are the
"But General Scott is also presented to us by his
friends as the man whom it is our interest to elevate to
the Presidency; and to Southern men with Southern in
terests, he presents claims for their suffrage of no small
weight. Born among us. reared in our midst, educated
in the South, identified in person and property with us
for Gen. Scott owns slaves, though it is not generally
These are the arguments used at the South j whilst at
the North the very reverse is maintained. Is this a fair
mode of conducting a political canvass?
tCT" Next to making a 'whistle out of a pig's ear,"
the attempt at manufacturing Franklin Pierce. Attorney
and Counselor at Law and Solicitor in Chancery, into a
Military Hero, is the most ridiculous. Indiana Jourr.nl.
This is a specimen of Indiana Whiggcry. It is the 1
production of that intellectual giant. John D. Defrees,
and must have a powerful influence on the Whig party.
A wag at our elbow says it is a leetie more ridiculous
to attempt to make a great statesman om of General
Winfield Scott, the author of the letters and essays on
Naturalization. Pierce has been tried as a hero, and
won the approbation of his commanding General, and
the confidence and esteem of hu soldiers and fellow ofn-
cers. Which of the letters of Gen. Scott meets the an
probation of the Whig party?
Walk up to the Captain Oflice.
The Louisville Times contains the following-;
Face the Music ? ! ! Back your Judgments ! !
A Chance to double your Money A slim one, it
is TaCE.-We "6 authorized by a gentleman to make
a bet for him of $10,000 that General Pierce will be
elected President of the United States. 1
Another friend has authorized us to bet for him $"),ou0
on the same result. The money is ready to be staked '
up the moment the bets are taken.
Now, gentlemen Whigs, yon who have as much confi-
j J!! . .. !- . r u .l
tlcncc as cash, come up and ,ive an earnest of both.
You used to bet and brag with great Irreality in times ,
past. Maybe you have got pious lately and deem it .
highly immoral to bet. If you have not come up and
cover the above piles, or the country will take it pro
eonfesso that you believe your candidate stands no more j
chance to be elected than, to use an elegant and classic i
P L ?.' slump:lai1 Du" '? uy-time."
P. S. Bets will be graduated to suit gentleman of
moderate means and small confidence.
, ... ,1 OMohn H. Bradley, of Indianapolis, is the Whig
ÜJ Charles Bonge, Lsq , the Whig candidate for candidate for Congress in the Marion District of Ind. -Representative
in Marion county, says the doctrine of ana. He is an ablo, eloquent, and worthy mnu. and
high protection is popular in Germany. It may be so. wi" t,,mP tho District. He voted for Van Baren ia
m u i j , .... 3 J'AS.NewYorkTribtme.
We have understood otherwise. If there are any of ; , , . . .
f . , . . , , . J : "He voted for Van Boren in '48?" This is a knock
our German friends who are in lavor of th German i . ... . .
. . . , , , ..down argument. It won't do to run a laylor big:
system of taxation, to which thev have been accustomed I , " ' ? , ,
. . , , . , . i O, no. A V an Buren i ree-oiler must be selected,
in their own country, we advise them to vote for Mr. i
John II. Bradley and the Bankurtipt Law.
At the session of 1841 and '42, a joint resolution
passed the Senate of Indiana, instructing our Senators
to vote for the repeal of the Bankrupt Law. On the
question of its passage in the House of Representatives,
John H. Bradley voted no. See House Journal, page
637 and 641.
Indianian in Iowa.
Among the members of the Legislature -n Iowa we
notice the following names all Indianians:
Senate John W. Hedrick, Hadleyj D. Johnson, and
House J. S. Gilmore, Levi Jessup, and Freoman
O'Tbecars are now running daily on the Indianapolis
and Lafayette Railroad from Lafayette to Germantown,
in Boone county, only 17 miles from Indianapol. Hacks
run daily from our city to this point.
Scott not a Con ard.
The Whigs are unceasing in their efforts to convey Me
i m nrcclmn t tho vWl m thaf U . sapi i a r t a a
cu'e Gen. g.. J 'rdie, because ho would not im-
brne his hands in the blood of Gen. Jackson. Such is 1
not tfae laet. He has never been charged with coward-
Scott has shown his gallantry as a soldier on too many
ice ucc-uac uc rciu&ea to ugni wnu cn. Jacsu. u-en
battle fie'ds, to admit of the charge of cowardice. But
w do asaert that his challenge of Got. Clinton, who
was bound by an oath not to fight a duel, ter refusing
to ngnt en. jacKson t.om " conscientious or "patriot
Ifc ,i?eS' SlM"T8 ?en Scolt'8 appreciation of A
the difference n the character of the tieomen. The con
scientions scruples which deterred him from fighting, with
Gen. Jackson were forgotten when he penned (no doubt
in great haste,) the challenge to Gov. Clinton, not from
cowardice, but because it was part of his character to
bally and tyrannize over those who would not, or whose
position prevented them from resenting it. We have no
doubt that Gen. Seott has been conspicuous for his gal
lantry in battle, and that he would be so again should
occasion require it, but the bravery which hurries men in
to danger in the excitement of the battle-field, is of a
very different character from that which can indaCe a
man to risk his life in a duel. In the former case he rs
sustained by duty and patriotism, in tbe latter he is in
stigated by a petty piqne to the resenting of an imagin
ary grievance. Well might any man decline stich com
bats, but be should never seek them. When he does do
so, he should never plead conscience and patriotism in
one case and forget them in another- Gen. Seott 's aots
are just as irreconcilable as his written opinions. Har
(LTIt would appear by the following pithy little item
from the Boston Post that the managers of '.he Lundy's
Lane demonstration cheated tbe mammoth tent man in
what little tbey did pay of their honest debts:
"It was too bad to pay Mr. Yale in counterfeit money
for the use of his tent at Niagara."
The Whigs are abusing General Pierce because the
London Times praises htm. At the same time, they
parade a letter from tbe Duke of Wellington endorsing
FRIDAY MORNING, SEPT. lO, 18Ö2.
O A writer in the Journal, wiih more brass in his
face than braios in bia bead, follows up the assertion of
, the editor that Jnd-e Woodward, the Democratic nomi
nee for the Supreme Bench in Pennsylvania, is a Native
. I : . : . :
rein.n. au Mjsuwiuisnviunum
while a member of the Constitutional Convention of that
State a few years since, used his powerful talents to en
graft in the new Constitution one of the most objection
able feature of Native Americanism. He sought to ex
tend the time of naturalization to twenty or twenty-rive
years, and made a long and able speech urging ita adop
tion,"' and concludes with the triumphant exclamation,
' Will W. J. Brown deny thutT'
William J. Brown does deny it. Let the amendment
be produced let the long and able speech be published.
The whole storv bears on its face its own refutation
What has the Constitution of Pennsylvania to do with
the naturalization laws ?
Nothing. That power belongs alone to Congress.
States may permit unnaturalized persons io vote; but
no action of theirs can affect the uniform naturalization
taws of Congress.
Gen. Cass in Tammany.
The New York Tribune of Saturday last says, "Gen.
Lewis Cass, made a speech in bis shirt sleeves on Thurs
day evening in Tammany Hall, intended to prove that
the vet ran aspirant is no 'Old Fogy' but as progressive
as the youngest of us;" which the editor reviews with
great severity. When the old General takes off his
coat and rolls up his sleeves, Whiggcry is sure to get
some heavy blows. The Democratic press, speak of it
as a poweiful effort, and Greeley is compelled to admit
that "it was rather a good parti.an speech.'' But then
he tries to destroy its effect among his nice city readers
by saying that he made the speech "in his shirt sleeves.''
Terrible! Cass, Buchannan, Douglas, Houston. Marry
and Butler, have all entered tbe canvass in earnest lor
their successful rival. A good omen.
7The Indiana Sentinel charges that J. H. Bradley
is the nominee of three Whigs in Indianapolis for Con
gress, knowing at the same time that Mr. B. became a
candidate at the argent solicitations of large numbers of
Whigs in every county of the district and that he did
so Telnctantly even then. Danrille Adrertiser .
We don't know any such thing. We do not believe
that John H. Bradley, was the choice of the Whigs of
this district. We have too much confidence in their in
telligence and honesty, to believe any snch thing. He
was Hobson's choice him or none. And as to the silly
story that he was relnctant to be a candidate, its all
humbug .lohn H. Bradley reluctant to be a candidate
That story won't take.
Lei i Em 1 odd.
This gentleman, who is the Democratic candidate for
Judge of the Common Pleas for Maiion County, has
not attended tbemeetings ot the candidates; believing
! -hat candidates for judicial offices ought not to engage
n tbe discussion of party politics. The Judge on the
bench should not know the politics of anv man. These
tre the view8 of M, TM He m ,nftke ,
sPeche8- Hl8 competitor has chosen a different course.
He is making speeches. This, however, will not change
lUe determination of Mr. Todd.
,i -urn;.,-, a i- , uri !!:'' v
ILJ William A. Graham, the W hig candidate or ice
President , has written a letter to prove that Scott is
sound on the nigger question. This is the most natural
thi n the word preservation is the first law of
" , . . , , . . , ,
nature Graham is in the same boat with Scott, and they,
of course will row together. Wonder if Scott won't
wrile a ictter Jeclarin that Graham is perfectly sound
T7-Onr friend Solon Tnrman, is defeated for the nomi
nation for Senator in Fountain county, but he bears his
defeat like a man and a Democrat. Harris Reynolds is
the candidate for the Senate, and John Stephens for the
A better Democrat or a more clever man, never lived
than our fried Solon.
U' We have looked in vain, among our Pennsylvania
Exchanges for a single charge against J u ' :e Wood
ward. Not one has been uttered. No Whig paper in
that State has made any charge of nativism against him.
That is reserved for the lying scribblers of the Journal.
The natives have their regular candidate for Judge.
Hon. K. W. McGaughey.
We learn by telegraph, that Hon. Edward W. Mc
Gaughey, late a member of Congress from Indiana,
died on board lhe Steamer Winfield Sc .?t, on his way
Kip hth District.
Majrr Din. Mace was nominated as the Democratic
candidate for Representative in Congress, by the Con
vention at Lafayette, on Tuesday last. The vote in
Convention was for Mace 45, McDonald 32.
C7The Journal hasn't yet produced the certificate of
the Auditor, to prove the correctness of his roorback
pamphlet. Until the items are proved, we are not
called on to defend.
Defrees don't answer our inqniry about the fives of
Scott that he took from the Post Office without being
franked. How Is that?
fly The Lonisville Times, of Monday last, . ays:
"We had the pleasure on Saturday of receiving the
visits of those two distinguished veterans of the Demo
cratic army, General Joe Iar.e and Mr. Speaker uoyu,
who were passing through our city. The old 'Marion
of the Mexican War' looks as game as when ho was
engaged in hunting down Saata Anna, Parades, and
Padre Jarauta, or pitching into the gaenillas wherever
be could eatch them. The Hon. Speaker is in fine health,
notwithstanding his arduous labors o nine long raoaths
at his very arduous post. Both were in high spirits at
the certain success of the Democracy in the Presidential
contest. Ti.e7 think it is hardly any light at all.
Doo Bill. Doaghty's bill for the protection of
sheep, which passed tbe Indiana Legislature last
1st. If a dog be caught on a sheep, the owner or any
one else may kill bun.
2d. The owner of the dog is liable for damage for
injury to sheep.
3d. If one of the canine species is in the habit of run
ning about without the presence of its master, any one
may kill it. for inert un Fritnd.
Intrrestihg The race between Soott and Hale!
From present appearances the conflict will be a very
close on. Go it, Scott' Go it, Hale'
We'll btt our money on the bob tail nag,
Wholl bet on the gry-
Prom the St. Joseph Valley Register
Wright and McCarty the Maine Law.
At the request of Temperance men at Mishawaka,
we publish the following correspondence:
FROM GOV. WRIGHT.
Indianapolis, Aug. 18, 1852.
G. C. Merrifield, Esq: Yours of the 7th inst., to
Gov. Wright, was received. He is absent with his
competitor, Mr. McCarty, canvassing the State. By a
letter this day received from Shelbyville, he dhects me
to enolose you the accompanying copy of a letter to
Mr. Tcvis, of Rnsh county , on the subject to which you
FRANCIS KING, Private Sec'y to Governor.
Indianapolis, Aug. 14, 1852.
Joel Tevis, Esq.: In reply to yours of the 6th
inst., I answer that I am not a member of the Order of
the Sons of Temperance. I have never been a member
of that body. I am not in favor of the Maine Liquor j
Law, as you call it. I am the friend of TMjW j
and wish success to all associations that are calculated
to convince men of tho impropriety of Intemperance.
I trust that my past life has given some evidence of
ray attachment to the cause of sobriety, temperance,
and order. I do not consider that this question is ne
cessarily involved in the approaching election of Gover
nor, having no doubt that whoever may be the Execu
tive of Indiana, he would carry out the will of the peo
ple of the State, as expressed by their Representatives.
Yours, most respectfully,
JOSEPH Ä. WRIGHT.
FROM NICHOLAS McCARTY.
Indianapolis, Aug. 14, 1852.
G. C. Mer-Ieield, Esq: Yours of the 7th inst.,
came by due course of mail, but absence and constant
engagements have prevented a reply till now. You
make the following enquiries ;
1st. Are you in favor of the Maine Law? And
Id you, if elected to the office of Governor, recom-
d the passage of a similar law by the Legislature?
mend the nassacre of a similar law by the Les?isl
"2d. If opposed to the law, is your opposition of
such a character as would lead you to withhold vour focos," which term he seemed to think the acme of bit
assent from such a bill, should it pass the Legislativer Lern0M BÜ f Rph clajmed for lw whi ,h j
In reply I have to sav, if elected Governor with ray ' '
present views, I would not feci disposed to recommend I P01? of the Mexican war. and all the credit of the i
the Maina Law or any special law on tbe subject of j acquisition of Texas, New Mexico, Utah, and Califor-
Temperance. Believing that the public mind I through- Lia . denounced Kossuth because be said he came to I
out the State is agitated on the subject, aad that what- ...
ever measures are adopted, to be useful, must be such America to raise funds to assist Garibaldi and Mazz.n. j
as a majority approve, the Representatives, fresh from : in their efforts to establish freedom in Italy, and abused
the people, would be much more likely, by exchanging
opinions, to decide in accordance with the public will
nnon n sublet so rrenrsllv HI than would flll
-r j tt-" --j - 1 -
Executive, were he disposed to offer his individual
As to withholding my assent from such a bill, if pass,
ed by the Legislature, I have to say that I deem it
wrong for a candidate for Governor of a State to give
any pledge of what he wuuld or would not veto. In
tne early part of the canvass, before I thought of being
questioned on the subject, at a meeting at Green Castle
the subject came up previous to the candidate for Presi
dent being nominated ; and I expressed my opinion as
to their pled
edging themselves as they were urged to do,
y bill which should alter or modify the Com-
J , J
to veto an
I spoke then to the following effect:
I Mat it was carrying tbe inalter to an extreme, and
i rusicu neuner o, m cauu.u. i s w- .. . ..u i-em-
selves to make such a pledge. If they did, I considered
it extorted from them at the expense of their own self-
. . 1 : . i e . i 1 : J ..l.l 1 1 t
respect at the expense of the respect due to the sta
tionand at the risk of their pledge as a candidate
coming in conflict with their official oath, so various
have been cons! itutienal constructions at different times,
and great and good men have changed their opinions
honestly entertained on constitutional questions.
Such is my opinion as a candidate now for the place
named. Any opinion 1 might now have, might or
might not be my opinion after taking the oath of office,
and giving all the thought I could to tbe subject.
With these remarks I will add I have no pledge o
make as to what I would or would not veto. But I do
pledge myself to act on this or any other subject that
might come before me in accordance with ray sense of
duty, under the solemnity of my official oath.
But I am free to express the opinions I have on the
. . . . I. .ii .i.- . om i w-iiii 1 it - i t rr o i L- 1 n Ihn cnluott f hit
when the will of the majority is clearly expressed upon
any measure of public concern, through the Represen
tatives of the People, that is not clearly unconstitutional
(or evidently passed without due deliberation and under
circumstances which were convincing that the measure
was opposed to the public good, so that if the Legisla
ture had before them the views of the Governor, and an
opportunity of reviewing their action, they would re
verse their decision), I would not feel at liberty to
withhold official assent, whatever might be my individ
ual opinion of the measure. I believe that it is better
that tbe public should suffer for a time the inconvenience
of a measure, passed by their mistaken but honest judg
ment, and left for the people, through their Representa
tives, to change in their own good time, than that one
frail mortal lik-j themselves, should set up his judgment
against both People and Representatives on a mere
matter of expediency.
Of course I do not in this, pretend to go into every
circumstance :hat might govern my action on the sub
ject of the Veto, bnt the substance of such as are now
in my mind. In haste, respectfully yours,
The Register, in publishing these letters, says:
"Thoogh Mr. McCarty does not, like the Governor,
commence every sentence of his letter with the per
sonal pronoun so conspicuous in His Excellency's letters
and speeches, we think his letter will be considered
frank, manly, and satisfactory."
Now without attempting to criticise Mr. McCarty's
letter in any particular whatever, we would like to en
quire if Gov. Wright's letter is not equally explicit and
satisfactory. As to the personal pronoun , Governor
Wright uses it seien limes, and Mr. McCarty nineteen
iFroin the Rochenter, N. Y. ftid of Victory.
The New Hampshire Test Letter from ilea.
John E. Warren, Esq., of Troy, (who was stopping
at the time at Cooperstown,) has kindly furnished us
with the copy of a letter (the original of which is be
fore us,) from Gen. Pierce, most emphatically putting
to rest the calumny which the Whigs so pertinaciously
and absurdly continue to reiterate, charging General
Pierce with favoring the existence of the odious reli
gious test, in the organic law of that State. This denial
of Gen. Pierce is prompt and emphatic, and meets the
calumny plump in the faoe. He most truly says that
"the charge is contradicted by every word and act of my
(his) life, having reference to the question in any form
directly or collaterally. I advocated (says he) the call
of tbe Convention I'm the amendment of the Constitu
tion, which assembled in November, 1850, and the most
prominent object in myovon mind was to strike the unjust
and odious provisions com monly called the religious and
property qualification tests, from our fundamental law."
No candid man will need any further evidence of the
utter falsehood and recklessness of tho Whig attempts
to present ihe position of Gon. Pierce, on this subject,
and no honest man will longer pcisist in such attempts.
CoNcoaD, (N. H.) July 15, 1852.
Mr Dfc.vn Mr It is impossible that a charge should
embrace a mora direct attack upon troth, than that
with which the Whig papers hav; teemed in relation to
V ClU 1 UVCI j i ' I I V .UIU I .II1UI A vmm . i - V
ray sentiments upon the religious test contained in our
State Constitution, which was adopted in 1792, and
never amended since. The charge is contradicted by
every word and act of my life having reference to the
question, in any form directly or collaterally. I advo
cated the call of the Convention for the amendment of
the Constitution, which assembled in November, 1850,
and the most prominent object in my own mind was to
strike out the unjust and odious provisions commonly
called the religious and property qualification tests from
our fundamental law.
In haste, Your most
Signed FRANK. PIERCE.
John E. Warren, Esq.,
Cooperstown, N. Y.
01 1 is said that our neighbor Gregg's object in prying
abAut the yard where the wood for the State House was
sawed last winter, was to gather up the Sawdust for
the puipone ot making Granau bread. .V A. Ltdgtr.
SATURDAY MORNING, SEPT. 11, 18Ö2.
Judges of the Supreme Court.
We discover there is some misapprehension in the
public mind in regard to the election of Judges of the
Supreme Court. Some suppose each district votes only
for its own Judge : while others suppose that the elec
tors in the State vote for lb ur Judges without regard to
location in districts. Voters should inform themselves 1
correctly on this point, or their votes may be lost. Ev- j
ery voter in the State may vote for four Judges, but I
he can vote for but one in a single district j and if he j
should vote for two Hi one district he would throw away ,
his vote. For example no voter can vote for Stewart
and Howe, or for Davison and Dewey, and so on. Each
one of the four for whom he votes, must reside in a dif
fatent district. And we would suggest to the press, in ,
publishing tbe ticket at tde head of their papers, to de-
signate the district in which each candidate resides, as it
. . . '
may prevent contusion. We nave corrected our own
ItTWell, Mr. John F. Gibbons, the great Whig Irish
orator, has visited our city, according to announcement, I
and had his say. He is a very dapper gentlemen,
wears what tvry young ladies would call, an "elegant" '
L i it i : : l i i . -t it
muusiauue, aim a ucncaie lnipt'iiai, a ouu-iauca
striped coat, and patent leather boots, and was alto
gether "a nice young man for a small tea party."
He commenced his speech by saying that the "loco
focos" had heretofore driven his countrymen to the polls
like oxen, and intimated that it was his mission to
leach Irishmen their dutios as freemen. He called
. Gen. Pierce's Tather "a bigoted old torv.'' and Genera1
B. . . . ... ,. ,,
, P,frc a "&, Iking, cowardly, dastardly
bigot ;" denounced the Democrats repeatedly as "Loco
tnc Democrats because, be
, . .. ,.
1 OWing this to he his objCC
said, they assisted Kossuth,
object; dunned th: Irish, like an
importunate creditor, lor their votes to rcjtay, as he
said,, the Whigs lor their generosity, because a few of
them voted to appropriate $500,00(1 to the suffering
Irishmen in 1846, while, to use his own languege, "the
Locofocos voted against it" (by the way. does not the
use the Whigs are now making of the vote then given
by some of them, sufficiently show the object they then ,
had in view was not to relieve Irishmen by giing them !
! f,K)j but to aiJ tne Whig party by getting votes?) he
', . . .
i abused the Democratic party in tins State lor permit
ting unnaturalized citizens to vote, because, he saiil.
foreigners were thereby made "'the veriest slaves and
, , of to elevate them to power:"
declared that the Native American party was ongi-
nated by Democrats; and concluded by imploring Irish
men to forgive Geu. Scott lor writing that letter in
1841, in which he said he was "tired with indignation"
against foreigners, and hesitated "between extending
the period of residence lieforc naturalization, or a total
repeal of all acts of Congress on the subject," his mind
"inclining to the latter." and gave as a reason why the
old General should be forgiven, that his experience in
Mexico had been of ranch service to him in opening his
j lo lne merlls risnmen, Germans, anu muer
foreigners, which he had been unable to perceive before,
though, he says himself, that thousands had served un-
d fa fc wr rf lg,2
. ,. r m i I
Upon the whole, the speech was rather a windy
affair, and didn't pay expenses. If the Whigs expect
Mr Gibbons to be of much use to them anywhere ex
cept in an assembly of dandies and fops, they must
shave his face until it looks a little less like a baboon's,
and splice his coat-tail ii's rather too short lor fly-time.
Governor Wright a Plagiarist.
The Journal a'tempts to prove that Gov. Wright is
a literary thief, by publishing an extract f;om a speech
of Gov. Brown, of Tennessee, and an extract of a let
ter from the Governor. The speech and the letter were
on the same subjects, and bear no more resemblance
than letters and speeches on the same subject drawn
from the same sources of information, generally do.
Words convey ideas, and the same words are necessary
to convey the same ideas. The Journal has failed in
sustaining this charge against the Governor, as signally
as it will fail in defeating his election.
The Democrats of Perry county, held the largest
Convention on Sept. 4th ever held in that county, and
nominated a full ticket For Representative, Arnold
Elder; Sheriff, Lewis Criss; Treasurer, W. Whitehead;
Commissioner, Wm. Elder; Surveyor, John Curry. Har
mony and good feeling prevailed, and it adjourned d.-ter-mined
to carry Old Perry, heretofore the Gibralter of
1C7 Messrs. Seaton & Holman are now opening
their stock of Fall an.l Winter Goods. Purchasers will
find their stock a very complete and select one, embra
cing Dress Goods, Cloths, Cassiineres. Vestings, Car
pets, Notions, Hosiery, Hats and Caps, Boots, and
Shoes, and every variety of Foreign and Domestic Dry
Goods. Messrs. S. . H. will give as good hargüins as
any house in the eity. See advertisement .
7John P. Hale, the free-soil candidate for the Presi
dency, will address the great mass meeting in Cleve
land Ohio on the 14th of Sept., and at a number of mass
meetings at different points in the State, terminating at
Cincinnati on the 25th. He will then probably vist
Indiana. Mr. Hale is a gentleman of talents, fine ap
pearance, and a fine popular speaker.
7"On Thursday evening, Mr. Gibbons, the Irish
Whig, stated, in his speech, as a matter of great mo
ment to his hearers, that "the braying of an ass wonliln't
save the loco foco party." The labored effort he was
malting, was ample evidence that he was under the im
pression that "the braying of an ass" would be of ser"
vice to the Whig party.
0Hon. Edward Gilbert, late a member of Congress
from California, was killed inn duel at. Sacramento, on the
first or August by Gen. Denree. Mr. Gilbert, was the
senior editor of the Alta-California. He was highly es
teemed as an amiable and enterprising man.
tTWe are indebted to Hon. J. D. Bright for a copy of
his report, as chairman of the committee on roads and
canals, on the bill "for overcoming the obstruction to
the navigation of the Ohio river, at the falls thereof."
7-Glorions news for Whiggery from Vermont. The
Whig pyramid State safe for Scott and Graham. See
election returns under telegraphic head. Bring oat the
ryHorhoe Greeley is in Colnmbns. Ohio, spitting on
The Last Resort.
The Indiana Journal of Wednesday contains a long
article to show that Governor Wright is in favor of the
doctrine of intervention, as advocated by Kossuth; and
to convict Governor Wright of extreme opinions, tbe
editor quotes the following extract from the 8entinel of
February last :
" That Kossuth had said that the English people were
ready, yea willing, to unite with the United States and
the civilized world, in preventing the interference of
any third party or government, in a contest between the
subjects of any government and tbe government itself.
If this be true, he said, we should not hesitate for a mo
ment in throwing all our moral, and if need be, PHYSI
CAL FORCE, in favor of this great principle the right
of any people to change their own form of government,
to change their rulers and laws, whenever they become
oppressive. That in all such conflicts no third party
should be permitted to interfere; that he believed that a
union of Great Britain and the United States, upon this
principle, would do more to preserve tbe peace of the
world, and in advancing the true progress of freedom,
than any movement of the day." This is Gov. Wright's
position. It is the position of the State Sentinel.
We still maintain this position. National firmness
and decision often prevent war. When the Republics
of South America revolutionized, when modern Greece
struggled for liberty, the sympathy of our nation was
aroused, none more so than the great American states
man Henry Clay. Every effort for freedom in Ireland or
any part of the old world, has and will excite a lively
interest for success. This is the pulse that beats in
unison with the American heart, and Whig politicians
can't stop it. Nobody ever thought of involving this
country in the war between Hungary and Austria We
hold that every people by nature have the inalienable
right to alter, amend, or abolish, their own form of gov
ernment, and to substitute such forms as will be most
conducive to their interest, and that no other nation
ought to interfere. Any other doctrine would extin
guish the last hope of the friends of freedom in the old
world. This government should neither pledge itself
for or against intervention, bin be governed by circum
stances as they arise. Intervention may become neces
sary as a measure of our own national safety. Suppose
France, Austria, and Russia, shonld combine against
Great Britain H renmstances might make it necessary
to interfere for our own safety. A general war in Europe
would require the utmost vigilance to preserve ourselves.
And circumstances alone must determine these great
questions as they arise. Because Governor Wright
sympathises with the oppressed pf Europe, and becanse
he would rejoice when the last Throne should tumble to
dost, is that any reason he should not he elected Governor
of Indiana. " God blrtss me and my teife. my rem John
and his wife, us foar, and no more,'1' is a selfish prayer,
which never was nttered by Joseph A. Wright.
The Jonmal concludes it article with the resolution
of the Whig National Convention, as follows:
The position occupied by the Whig party on thi-.
question was avowed by tbeni at the Baltimore Conven
tion, as set forth in the following res lutton:
"3. That while strugglin freedom everywhere enlists
the warmest sympathy of the Whig party, we still ad
here to the doctrines of Ihe Father of his Country, as
announced in his Farewell Address, of keeping onrselves
free from all entanjjling alliance with foreign countries,
and of never quitting our own to stand upon foreign
ground. That our missian as a Repnblie is not to propa
gate our opinions, or impose on oilier countries our
form of government, by artifice or force; but to teach
by example, and show by our success, moderation, and
justi e, the blessings of self-government and the advan
tages of free institutions.-"
Who will not say that such is the safe and truly the
American doctrine (
Horace Greeley, the great organ of the Whig Prty,
says of this resolution :
' This Anti-Intervention plank in the Whig Platform
will cost Gen Scott some thousands of votes, and gain
him not the first one. It wifl cost him five thousand
votes in this State, and at least as many in proportion
in Ohio and Wisconsin. And yet all the bitterest Anti
Intervention States Virginia. South Carolina, Alabama,
Mississippi will go for Pierce and King, and will con
trol their administration should they, through tbe aid
and comfort rendered them by our illustrious block
heads, be elected. The ultra Slave Power necessarily
rules a 'Democratic' Administration more rigidly than
it ever can a Whig, becanse ft will have done more to
bring it into existence. South Carolina sees this and
acts upon it ; the European exiles do not. And thus we
are doomed to a severe contest for States which we
might and should have carried with a rush, and to lose
others which want to vote for Scott all in punishment
of the sin of being connected with such inveterate owls
as concocted the Baltimore Platform."
Strike his name from the List.
The Indiana Journal and several other Whig papers
in the State, published tbe name of W. H. Bufotd,
Esq., formerly Sheriff of Carrol! county, as having re
canted his democracy and gone over to the support of
Scott and Graham. We did not believe the story at
the time we saw it published, for we knew Mr. Boford
well, but did not feel authorized ro contradict it. The
New Albany Ledger publishes the following letter from
Mr. Buford. It turns out, as we expected, to be a
A WHIG LIE NAILED.
Delphi, Ikd., Sept. 1, 18S2
Messrs. Norman & Matthews Gentlemen ; In
your paper of the 25tb ult., you make the following re
mark: "There are one or two other names giyen as
seceders from the Democratic par'y, but that of Mr
Buford is the only one we ever heard of before."
I presume that I am the Mr. Buford alluded to as
the Whig paper of this place set the report in circula
tion, and"then, when confronted with the falsehood, pre
tended that he meant another man! To such shifts is
I desire to say to my friends throughout the Union,
that if the report should again be put in circulation,
that I have forsaken the Democratic party, each and all
may pronounce the report a falsehood. If I Rve till tbe
election. Pierce and King are a certain of my vote, as
they are of any other Democrat's in (he Union.
WILLIAM H. BUFORD
Great Meeting of the Irih in Vernoa.
A few days since the Indiana Journal contained the
VsaaoN, September 3.
Dear Sir: The Irish patriots of our town are going
to raise a Scott pole on Tuesday next, and tho Irish
champion, Mr. Gibrrons, of Cincinnati. Ohio, is going to
make them a speech. They (the Irish) sayhare will
be one thousand Irish Present to bear the speech, and
many of them are enthusiastic for Scott and Grahom.
The great meeting came off. Gibbons, tbe Irish ora
tor. spoke. He was aided by Jo Marshall and McKee
' .1 T 1
Dunn The Irish pole went up, but tne lnsn were not
there to help- The editor of the Madisonian, who was
present, says: "But two Irishmen touched the concern,
or laid hands on the pole, and they hare hitherto been
ICTTlie Journal contains a list of thirteen appoint
ments for John H. Bradley, Free-soil Whig candidate
for Congress, to speak in Shelby county. He brags, wa
learn, that he intends to take old Shelby by storm '
fCT-John D. Defrees, editor of the Indiana Joumml. 'n
one of the Hungarian Bondholders of this city
yThe man who was afraid of "firain the real"
was also afraid of a fire in the frt when Old Hickory
talked wolfish. Who "faints'1 '
UTThe Massachusetts State Prison has 491 inmatos.
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