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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, August 31, 1883, Image 1

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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL.
ESTABLISHED 1823.
WHEN INDICATIONS.
FRIDAY.—Fiiir weather, stationary
r rising temperature.
To-morrow is September i,
the first day of the first au
tumnal month. Speaking of
autumn, we are moved to in
quire: Autumn man go ill
dressed when he can get new.
fashionable and seasonable
goods at such low prices as
are ruling at the
WHEN
DEVOY’S DEFENSE.
. ♦
Be Denounces McDermott and Hitt Com-
pauions as Bad Men.
New York, % Auk. 30.—John Devoy, editor
of the Irish Nation, has issued an address to
the Irish Nationalists 6t the United States.
“In view pf the recent publications seeking
to fasten upon me (Devoy) some responsi
bility for the treachery and escape from pun
ishment of James McDermott and his con
federates,” Mr. Devoy says, “I am not an
officer of the Clan-na-Gael, or of any other or
ganization, and have no duties or responsi
bilities except those that devolve upon me
as a simple worker in the ranks of the na
tional movement and as a public journal
ist. I have never been associated with
James McDermott in any organization,
public or private, or in any enterprise
of any kind with which he had any
connection; have never held any correspond
ence with him, and have repeatedly during
the last few years in the nio6t public man
ner expressed my opinion of his untrust
worthiness. When John O’Mahony’s body
was about to be sent to Ireland, and Q’Dono
van liossa conveyed to the obsequies com
mittee an offer from McDermott to accom
pany the remains to Ireland, I proposed the
rejection of the offer on the grounds that
the man’s infamous character would cast
disgrace on the whole affair. When he then
announced his intention of accompanying
the delegation as correspondent of a Brook
lyn paper, I proposed a resolution, which
was curried, instructing the delegation not
to associate with him. and to warn • the
people of Ireland against him. A num
ber of men who have since been
acting with McDermott in the United Irish
men, and who are apparently taking part in
the effort to make me responsible for his
treachery, or his escape, were present at the
meeting, and voted with me. When the
United Irishmen convention was held in
Philadelphia, I publicly and privately pro
tested against o’Donovan Rossa giving to
that body the information which he possessed
regarding Ireland, on account of James Mc-
Dermott and at least one other bad man be
ing present. When, later on. the committee
appointed by the “convention” waited on
me to demand an account of the “skirmish
ing fund,” I gave the same reason,
among others, for declining to have
anything to do with them.
I repeated the objections frequently in in
terviews published in the daily papers dur
ing the next few days, and at Patrick Ford’s
house charged O’Donovan Rossa to his face
with perfidy to the national cause for plac
ing this man McDermott and two other
men whom I named, and whose utterly bad
conduct I exposed, in a nosition to betray
men living in Ireland. Patrick and Augus
tine Ford. Judge Brenna. of Sioux City,
Patrick Crowe, of Peoria, O’Donovan Rossa,
Thomas F. Burke and myself were in the
room together during the discussion, and
none of them can pretend to forget the
scene.”
Th" Camp-Meeting at Ocean Grove Closed.
Ocean Grove, Aug. 30.—The fourteenth
annual camp-meeting has closed. Six thou
sand people were present. The services con
sisted of baptism in fonts, and the adminis
tration of the communion to 2,000 persons
by 100 ministers. In the middle of tiie com
munion services 100 children were converted
at the childrens’ meeting, advanced lip the
central aisle aud received the communion.
The service concluded with a march around
Jerusalem, jn which the great audience was
led by the preceptor. The ministers next
marched twice around the auditorium, after
which a general hand-shaking followed. The
president of the association reported 45 back
sliders reclaimed, 327 converted, and 302
sanctified. In addition, 3,600 had publicly
expressed themselves as spiritually quick
ened by the meeting.
Indictments Against a Fire Board.
JUltimore, Aug. 30.—The grand jury to
day retured three true bills of indictment
against the members of the late board of fire
commissioners, ignoring all churges against
Mayor Whyte, ex-official member of the
iw>jon. There is one bill each against J.
board. TjgOii.K W. Re-ester for
Frank Morrison ana • •
furnishing supplies to the tire depaifin .<*.
contrary to the city ordinance, and one each,
including Thomas*W. Campbell, Charles B.
Blingluff, Samuel Hanna and Bartbolemew
E. Smith as aiding and abetting, and one
againßtall the members of the board, Mayor
Whyte excepted, for malfeasance in office.
Secretary Folger** Movements.
Cleveland, Aug. 30.—Secretary of the
Treasury Folger, accompanied by General
Superintendent Kimball and District Super
intendent Dobbins, of the life-saving service,
arrived to-day on the revenue cutter John
son, from a cruise of tire upper lakes. Secre
tary Folger drove to Garlield's tomb, goes
this afternoon to visit a brother at Akron,
0., and leaves to morrow morning for bis
JiOme in Geneva, N. Y. He expects to re
turn to Washington next week.
Eruptions and malign aot fevers are conquered
mu cured Uy Samaritan Nervine. sl.oo.
THE BURNING MOUNTAINS
Later Particulars from Java Increase
the Horrors of the Story,
Seventy-Five Thousand People Said to Have
Perished by the Tidal Wave, the Fire,
or in Sulphurous Asiies.
Disappearance of an Entire Range of
Coast Mountains.
A Number of Smaller Islands Swallowed Up
by the Sea—The Havoc Widespread
and Appalling.
A DEVASTATED ISLAND.
Seventy-Five Thousand Lives Lost, and Fifty
Square Miles of Land Sunk in the Sea,
London, Aug. 30.—Further particulars of
the great volcanic eruption in Java, which
have just reached London from Batavia,
show that the disaster wa? even more wide
spread and more disastrous than reported in
yesterday’s advices. At noon on Sunday the
eruption and shocks were supposed to have
reached their height, but late in the after
noon and evening the violence of the dis
turbances suddenly increased, and the island
seemed to be about to be completely buried
in fire and sulphurous ashes. At the same
time the enormous waves began to dash with
greater force upon the shores, coming iu some
places far up into the interior, and great
chasms opened in the earth and threatened
to engulf a large proportion of the people
and buildings.
About midnight the most frightful scene
of all took place. Suddenly an enormous
luminous cloud, similar to that which was
seen over the Gunung Guntur, but much
greater in extent, formed over the Kandang
range of mountains, which skirt the south
east coast of the island. This cloud
gradually increased in size until it formed a
canopy of lurid red and whitish gray over
a wide extent of territory. During this
time the eruptious increased, and streams of
lava poured incessantly down the sides of
the mountains, sweeping everything before
them. Here and there a stream of lava
would enter an arm of the sea or come in
contact with the water of a river.
Then the lava would suddenly pro
duce boiling heat and rapid vapor
ization, but the superficial consolida
tion that almost instantly ensued would pre
vent any further contact with the water. The
fissures that opened in this crust as it solidi
fied on the stream of lava emitted torrents of
vapor, extending high in the air and making
a tremendous seething sound, as if a thou
sand locomotives were simultaneously let
ting off steam. Here and there the lava
streams were like crystals of feldspar, ar
ranged in trains one behind the other in the
direction of the flow of the current, and
feldspathic spherolites were rapidly formed
in the vitreous matter, resembling those
which form in the slag of glass furnaces.
None of the people inhabiting these places
or of the natives scattered sparsely through
the forest and on the plains escaped death.
This section of the island was not so densely
populated as the other poriions, and the loss
of life was comparatively small, although it
must have aggregated fully fifteen thousand
souls.
The entire Kandang range of mountains,
extending along the coast in a semi-circle for
about sixty-five miles, had gone out ot sight.
The waters of Welcome bay, the Sunda
straits, and Pepper bay on the east, and of
the Indian ocean on the south had rushed in
and formed a sea of turbulent waters. Here
and there the peak of a crater was exposed
for a moment by the receding of a great
wave, and occasionally a puff of brownish
gray smoke or a slight shower of rocks
showed that the volcanoes still continued in
active subaqueous eruption. The debris of
the submerged and destroyed buildings was
tossed hither and thither on the water, the
sign left that there had once been inhabited
land there.
The town of Tanoang, within twenty-five
miles of the city of Batavia, was swept away
by the lava stream, and fully half the popu
lation, mostly Japanese, numbering about
1,800, perished. At Speelwyk, near Point
Salcis, the red-hot rocks set fire to the houses
and swept away all the thickly-settled por
tion of the town. About ten bazaars belong
ing to Europeans were destroyed. The loss
of property is very great, but no lives are
known to have been lost. The river Jacatra,
on the banks of which Batavia is situated,
was so completely dammed by the lava and
debris that its course was changed, and from
Franien bastion it flowed down through Ty
gers street and joined the waters of the river
Emerades, swelling that stream to such an
extent that it rose high on the Castor bat
teries. was almost totally de
stroyed, and a large number of lives were
lost there.
The island of Onius, five miles off the
mouth of the Targerang river, and twenty
miles east of Batavia, was completely inun
datleJ- anc * the floating dock there was totally
destroyed. *
Coatave, Clo > >4.: an . tl Tronwers islands, of
the portion of Java . t’tioh disappeared, are
still out of sight, and notof them
is left. Baby and Cheribo islandST off the
• north coast, lost the few houses and inhabit
ants upon them.
One of the most singular freaks of the erup
tion was the carrying in the midst of the
molten mass of a bed of solid ice of enor
mous size, which had been emitted from one
of the creaters. It was carried along by the
current and landed on the extremity of Point
St. Nicholas, at the northeast comer of the
island. This bed of ice was surrounded by a
thick envelope of Baud and scoria;, which are
INDIANAPOLIS, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 1383.
non-conductors of heat. It is supposed this
ice had former the crust of some subterra
nean lake.
About 2 o'clock on Monday morning the
great cloud suddenly broke into small sec
tions and quickly vanished. At the same
time frightful rumblings were heard, and
the columns of fire and smoke over the
southeast corner of the island ceased to
ascend, while the craters in the other parts
of Java seemed to open their fiery throats
still wider to let out the greatest
quantity of lava, rocks, pumice, and
ashes yet vomited forth. The hissing of
the sea became so loud as to be almost deaf
ening. The waves advanced on the shore to
an unprecedented height. When daylight
came it was seen that an enormous tract of
land had disappeared, extending from Point
Capucin on the south to Negery Pafsorang
on the north, and west to Loco point, cover
ing an extent of territory about fifty miles
square. In this were situated the village of
Negrery and Negrery Babawang.
In Batavia the loss has been largely in
creased since the former reports. The roof
of the government house was crushed iu by
a mass of mud and three of the retainers were
killed. The town bridge was destroyed, the
Diamond and Pearl bastions badly damaged,
and the Burran redoubt destroyed. In Cay
mand, Malabar and Lion streets, the princi
pal avenues of the city, the damage is very
great. Fort Aatyol is entirely destroyed.
The town of Faggal was severely shaken and
few buildings left standing.
A violent shock was felt in the island of
Sumatra on Monday forenoon, and it was
feared that other disturbances might follow.
Midah island, ten miles off the Javanese
coast, and half way between the extreme
points of Java and Samatra, was almost
wholly engulfed by the sea. The small island
of Singkel, probably originally only a cone
blown up by an eruption, entirely disap
peared. It was uninhabited.
The aggregate loss of life must be fully 75.-
000, but the number of those who perished
can never, of course, be accurately known.
Navigation Dangerous.
London, Aug. 80.—A dispatch from Bata
via says the condition of the strait of Sunda
is dangerous. Navigation is interrupted by
the appearance of new islands therein, and
the coast line is entirely changed. The gov
ernment is preparing to obtain new sound
ings of the strait. Sixteen volcanoes ap
peared between the site where the Island of
Krakota formerly stood and the Sibisie
island. A portion ot Bantam is an ashy
desert. Cattle are starving, and the popula
tion are in despair. Soergepan, a volcano,
split in five portions. Seven hundred and
four bodies of victims of the disaster have
been buried in the district of Tanard, and 300
in the coast village of Kramat.
The Tidal Wave Touches California.
Washington, Aug. 30.—The following tel
egram has been received by the superintend
ent of the coast and geodetic survey from
Prof, George Davidson, assistant, at San
Francisco:
San Francisco, Aug. 29, 1883.
Earthquake waves commenced on the
San Celito tide gauge. At 1 o’clock a. m„
Aug. 27, they had increased in height, and
were still exhibited yesterday. The height
of the waves was one foot, and the time
about forty minutes.
The remarkable disturbances noted above
were probably caused by the same earth
quake and tidal wave that destroyed Anjira
and other towns in Java on the 27th of Au
gust.
JAVA VOLCANOES.
The Island the Center of Burning Mount
ains—Their Deadly Nature.
The volcanoes of Java present a very ma
jestic appearance on account of their iso
lation. This is especially the case with
those on the eastern side. The volcanoes
on the western side, being located upon
an undulating plateau, lose in their ap
pearance of height; but on the east all the
volcanic mountains rise from the plains like
islands above the waves of the sea, and com
mand the horizon far and wide with their
enormous cones. Many of the volcanoes, in
the external details of their conformation,
present a regularity of outline which is due
in great part to the monsoon rains, the most
destructive agents of the tropical regions.
The violent torrents which periodically pour
down the mountain slopes carry along the
unresisting accumulations of ashes and loose
scoria?, and deposit them in long slopes
around the base of the mountains. By
the passage of ail this debris the
sides of the mountain are cut out
at intervals by ravines or furrows, which
gradually widen from the summit to the
base, and obtain a depth of from 200 to 660
feet. There are some volcanoes, such as the
Soombing, in which these ravines assume so
perfect a regularity that the whole mountain,
with its equidistant furrows and intermedi
ate walls, resembles a gigantic edifice based
upon enormous butresses, like the nave of a
gothic cathedral.
Formerly the beauty of the island and the
fury of its volcanoes were the cause of its
being altogether dedicated to Siva, the god
of destruction; and in the very craters of the
burning mountains the worspippers ot Ter
ror and Death were in the habit of building
their temples. In many spots the ruins of
these sanctuaries are discovered in the midst
of trees and thickets, winch the Arab con
querers have left to grow in the formidable
cavities of the volcanoes. Semiroo, the
loftiest peak in the island, was the sacred
mountain par excellence; the Soombing,
which rises in the center of the island, was
“the nail which fastens Java to the earth.”
Some faithful followers of Siva, who inhabit
a sandy plain, over four miles wide, which
was once the crater of the Teugger volcano,
still proceed every year to solemnly pour
rice on the summit of an eruptive cone into
the roaring mouth of the monster.
Enormous eruptions of sulphurous mud
and water are characteristic of the volcanoes
of the island, chiefly of the western side.
These are supposed to be the waters of the
sea or of lakes, which, having become buried
in the earth, are afterwards ejected to the
surface, mingled with rocks which they have
dissolved or reduced to a pasty state. The
most remarkable instance of these liquid
eruptions is Papandayang, one of the most
active volcanoes in Java. In 1792 this mount
ain burst, the summit was converted into
dust and disappeared, and the debris, spread
ing far and wide, buried forty villages. Since
this epoch a copious rivulet gushes out in
the very mouth of the crater at a bight, of
7,710 feet and pours into the plain. Black
and muddy water constantly ascends from
many funnel-shaped cavities on the volcano;
thick, muddy masses issue slowly from
small craters and spread in circular slopes
over the little mound surrounding each;
while jets of steam dart out of innumerable
fissures with a shrill noise, making the
ground tremble with the shock. The uproar
caused by these various noises is heard far
away on the plains, and has given to the
volcano its name of Papandayang, or
“Forge.” Several volcanoes in Java have
given vent to large quantities of mud mingled
with organic matter in such considerable
proportions that they have been utilized as
fuel.
Carbonic acid gas is also frequently dis
charged in enormoiu quantities from the
volcanoes on the island. This fluid, being
much heavier than the air, doe3 not ascend,
but accumulates in weighty masses around
the outlet. Plants which are bathed in this
mephitic air rapidly wither, and all animated
beings die from asphyxia unless their heads
rise above the deadly atmosphere. Pakere
man, or “The Valley of Death,” is a small
crater on the island, the amphitneatre of
which, after the heavy tropical rains, is en
tirely filled with carbonic acid gas. No
plant grows in this vast cavity. According
to the statements of Loudon the ground is
strewn with the skeletons of animals. At
one time there might have been seen in it
the remains of human beings who had been
doomed to perish from the asphyxia In the
poisoned air. There is no spring of carbonic
acid in Europe which can be compared to
that of Java, those which have been studied
in Italy, Auvergne and on the banks of the
Rhine being but very inconsiderable emana
tions in comparison.
FIRE UNDERWRITERS*
Proceedings of Yesterday’s Session of tlie
Northwestern Association*
Chicago, Aug. 30.—Tbe second day’s ses
sion pf the Fire Underwriters’ Association
of the Northwest began this morning. The
constitution was amended so as to have the
annual meeting occur in September, on a
date to be fixed by the executive committee,
instead of the third week in August, as here
tofore. The committee to which the sub
ject of State boards was referred indorsed
the idea of a paid commissioner, and
recommend that the old system of commit
tees be abandoned. Reports of State boards
showed a marked increase iu the number of
local boards during the past year.
Professor A. E. Dolbear, of Tuft’s Col
lege, Boston, read a paper on “Electricity,”
and in answer to queries propounded by
members as to danger from electric lighting,
said the danger from the various systems was
very great unless proper precautions were
taken, but declared that the regulations al
ready enforced by the insurance companies
of lighting by electricity altogether safer
chan by kerosene.
At the afternoon session J. C. Griffiths, of
Madison. Wis., read a paper on “Recommen
dations for the future,’’ and argued that the
adopted contract system, in connection with
State boards, would result in positive reme
dies for many of the existing evils.
Mr. C. K. Drew, of Evansville, Ind., argued
that a great improvement might take place in
the settlement of losses by the geueral man
agement of the companies, but contended
that local agents were necessary, and the
speaker defended them against some criti
cisms passed upon them as a class.
The following officers were elected: Presi
dent, C. K. Drew, of Evansville, Ind.; vice
■president, T. K. Zollars, of Ottumwa, la.;
secretary and treasurer, J. G. Griffith, of
Madison, Wis., and executive committee,
one from each State represented. Adjourned
to meet in Chicago on the third Wednesday
in September.
FREE-THINKERS’ CONVENTION.
Unbelievers In the Christian Religion Pro
mulgate Some of Their Views.
Rochester, Aug. 30.—The free-thinkers’
convention opened here this morning with a
conference, during which a number of brief
speeches were made. Dr. L. S. Ware, of Bos
ton, dilated upon Herbert Spencer, and John
W. Draper, indorsing the views they pre
sented. Dr. Q. H. Grasser, of Bryan, 0., of
fered for the use of any educational institu
tion the free-thinkers might establish a cab
inet containing more than 15,000 specimens,
which he had been thirty-five years collect
ing. Mrs. Coleman, of Syracuse, spoke in
favor of the recognition of women in the
walk of life, and offered a resolution which
was referred to the committee on resolutions.
Judge Arnold Krekel, of Missouri, spoke of
the duty of free-thinkers toward education.
H. H. Hall, of KUisburg. Pa., sang a song
about “imaginary evils.” accompanying
himself on the guitar. Prof. Thomas Pope,
of Ohio, contrasted natural principles with
supernatural faith, to the discredit of the lat
ter. Ex-Rev. J. H. Burnarn, of Saginaw,
Mich., spoke of tlie law of valuation, first
showing what it was in the mercantile world
and then applying it to the Christian re
ligion.
In the evening Rev. Thomas Mitchell, of
Brooklyn, spoke in defense of orthodoxy.
The discourse was argumentative and found
ed upon the Bible and its utterances, and
was received witli attention and respect.
Tlie Deaf Mutes’ Convention.
New York, Aug. 30.—The deaf mutes’
convention decided to raise a fund for a
memorial to Rev. Thomas H. Gallaudet.
founder of the first deaf mute school in
America. Prof. Weeks, of Hartford, Conn.,
was appointed treasurer. It was decided to
hold the next convention at Washington, in
August, 1888.
At the afternoon session, Jerome F. El
well read a paper on “The oral system of
teaching deal mutes,” and pronounced it a
complete failure. At 5 o’clock the conven
tion was bruught to a close. Several iecep
tions were held this evening. To-morrow a
number will attend a picnic, and John J.
French, of this city, will present the society
of deaf mutes of St. Francis Xavier’s Church
an oil painting of Abbe D’Epee, originator
ot the deaf and dumb alphabet.
Tlie Hazed Naval Cadets.
Annapolis, Md.. Aug. 30.—A number of
fourth-class men were out in Annapolis on
leave to-day. One of them stated that tlie
published reports of the character of the
hazing are correct, and the offenses were
committed at irregular intervals from Ports
mouth to Annapolis. One fourth-class man
resisted his tormentor, a third-class man,
and luuuaged to whip him; but he added it
was best not to resist, as the hazers always
came in such numbers as to make resistance
cause worse treatment.
Accidental Shooting; of Professor Phelps.
Bangor. Me., Aug. 30. —A special to the
Whig and Courier says: Professor Stuart
Phelns, of Northampton, Mass., accidentally
shot himself at Chamberlain lake on Wed
nesday. He was putting the gun into a
canoe when it discharged a load of buckshot
into his head, killing him instantly. He
was in company witli Rev. Newman Smith
ami C. W. Farnhntn. The remains readied
Kineo this afternoon.
ST ~
A little Hop Hitters saves biir doctor’s
bibs, ioug sickness, sutTuiiug aud perhaps death.
WOFUL SOMES-IN ISCHIA.
•-- - ♦
Wliat Was Revealed by a Visit
Shortly After the Earthquake.
A Walk Through the Streets of the Ruined
Town, with Some Account of the Pit
iful Scenes Witnessed.
The Terms of the Treaty Between
France and Annarn.
French Royalists To Be Repressed—More
Auti-Jewisli Riots in Hungary—The
Croatian Difficulties.
STRICKEN ISCHIA.
A to tlie Island Shortly After the Great
Earthquake Shock.
Correspondence of tlie Indianapolis Journal.
Casamicciola, Aug. 7.—We left Rome for
Naples and Casamicciola via the F. S. R. rail
way, the evening of Aug, 6, in order to get
a night view of burning Vesuvius. The trip
down the west slope of tbe Apennines with
the westering sun striking the mountain side
is, perhaps, the most beautiful route in all
Italy. The harvesters—men, women and
children—clad in the brilliant red and blue
colors so loved by these worshipers of beauty,
trooping haoueward across the yellow fields,
against the purple background of the mount
ain, with their gleanings on their heads,
made a beautiful picture in the evening
light. Later, under a vault of shining stars,
we saw Vesuvius throwing up its red foun
tain of flame, and we watched it till mid
night. when the bay, with its circling, starry
lights, announced our arrival at Naples.
From the high windows of the Hotel des
Etrangers we saw Vesuvius flame like the
eye of a Cyclops, and under its unwinking
gaze, too tired for fear, went to sleep.
Through the efforts of my friend, Mr. J. P.
Grey, of Entield, Conn., who is traveling on
the continent, I got a special permission from
the prefetto, the representative of the King
in Naples, to visit the island of Ischia, the
scene of the terrific earthquake of July 28.
We took the little government steamer Et
tore Fieramasca for the twenty-three miles
trip to Ischia. The day was perfect, the
lovely bay crowded with all manner of craft,
from the great merchantmen and man-of
war to the little coral and sardine fishing
boats. All was bright, peaceful, and beau
tiful. There was no reminder of the awful
tragedy save the company of laborers on
board our vessel on their way to the task of
exhuming the dead bodies, and a few sloops
bearing coffins for the bodies already recov
ered.
Ischia is the Saratoga of Naples. Here the
beauty, wealth, and fashion of the hot city
resort for health and pleasure, and only
during the summer season is Casamicciola
inhabited. There were, ail told, seven thou
sand people on the island, and it is
estimated that 90 per cent, perished. In
March, 1881, Ischia suffered by earthquake,
and 290 lives were lost. The whole elevation
is of volcanic origin and the rounded sum
mits that form the island are cov
ered with olive, vine and lemon groves, the
fruit of which forms its solo product. There
are four towns on the island—Bara no, Fon
tana, Foereo d’ Ischia and Casamicciola.
About 1,000 people perished in the three
former and 4,000 in the latter. I write this
letter as we approach Ischia, amid the lowly
scenes I have attempted to describe, sur
rounded by Italian soldiers talking in tbe
liquid Tuscan tongue, in winch Dante and
Tasso wrote their immortal verse. We have
passed the school of Virgil, founded by the
great Latin poet, and the station of tlie Ro
man fleet from whence the younger Pliny,
eighteen hundred years ago, witnessed tlie
destination of Pompeii, and where, later, at
Statra, near by, he found the bodies of his
mother and tbe elder Piiny, his uncle, who
were overwhelmed in the ruins. We skirted
the island, passing the frowning fort that
bears its name, now a prison, and came upon
Foereo d’ Ischia, where we saw
the first sign of the earthquake in
its shattered and deserted houses. But
not until we landed at Casamicciola did we
realize what an earthquake was. Here, be
tween the smiling sea and the smilimr land,
lay the dead city; and such a death. The hu
min mind stands aghast in the presence of
such a stupendous calamity. The city is
built on the side of the mountain, running
down to the sea, and directly under the still
smoking crater of Epomos. The day preced
ing the shock was bright and peaceful; no
note of warning was sounded, when, at 9
o’clock in the evening, when all was meri
ment and joy, a mighty upheaval lifted the
town, shuddered an instant and fell, Casamic
ciola was not. Fifteen seconds is the esti
mated duration of the shock. The town is
built entirely of stone, the houses having
heavy tiled roofs and floors, which, falling
downward and inward, crushed by their
weight and carrying all the interior floors
and walls with them, burying every living
being beneath their mortar and stones.
A WALK THROUGH TIIE TOWN.
A long procession of men, with picks and
spades, and another with buckets of
disenfectnnts, followed us, for although
all the ghastly victims were buried out
o? 9ight, the stench of the decomposing
bodies was in some places sickening.
We made tbe circuit of the town, as it were,
with our lives in our hands, for it seemed as
if every step would precipitate the tottering
ruins upon us. No pen can describe the
scene of utter desolation. Some walls are
standing intact, on which mirrors and pic
tures hang as plumb as thouah just placed
there, while great blocks of granite lie
crushed to powder at their base. Most of
the houses are an undistinguishable mass of
stones, mortar and rubbish, while others,
seamed from top to bottom with yawning
rents, appear ready to topple with a breath.
All the processes of domestic life, arrested
in that awful moment, are still visible in the
intonorsthat suffered least. Here, on a dis
torted iron balcony, bloom unharmed the
petted house-plants that adorned them; mi
open piano, never to be touched by
its owner’s fingers more; empty
PH ICE FIVE CENTS.
chairs standing against broken walls,
women's and children’s clothing scat
tered abroad, playing cards, lottery tickets,
letters of recent date, some of them wish
ing length of days and prosperity, broken
imasres, the lares and penates of happy house
holds, pictures of tearful Madonnas propped
against tlie crumbling walls of the way-sido,
meet one at every turn. In the vicinity of a
boarding-school for young children, forty of
whom perished in their beds, were strewn
copy-books, with the name of each child
carefully written on the cover, in a cramped,
childish hand. I picked up one, on which
was inscribed the name of “Maria Grazia
Mennelda—finished.’’ Poor child, her short
life was finished too. The Archbishop’s
house, where eleven days before the tragedy
he had taken up his abode, was a mass of
ruins—not one stone remaining upon
another—all its contents, as if blown by a
wind, scattered about the grounds. Sacred
books, dearly prized and deeply studied, no
doubt, turned their pages to the idle breeze.
The first one I stooj>ed to look at bore
the title, “Della Vanita del Mondo.”
Alas, was it not written all around as
the vanity of tiie world? The good bishops
troubles are ended, but his sorrowing sister
hung around the ruins of her brother’s late
home, seeking what was not yet found—the
dead household. Everywhere was seen an
activity of tlie most painful kind—men and
women seeking for the lost; men and boys
digging under the burning rays of the sun
for dead bodies; soldiers and policemen
watching the thresholds whose master and
mistress no longer watched, and priests
standing ready to render the last offices to
the dead. Many a mound over which stood
a rude cross “with shapeless sculpturo
decked,” showed where some poor mangled
body had found its last rest. It was pitiful
to see the crowds of homeless wretches with
what they had been able to rescue of their
household goods huddled amid the fig aud
citron groves, which was the only shelter
they had. Many had fled from the cruel
land to the less cruel sea, and live in boats.
Tents and wooden huts line the shore, and
here, crowded together, dwell nil
that is left of the once happy
and beautiful Casamicciola. Ninety per
cent, of the inhabitants have perished from
’the earth and made no sign, ami no heart
will ever be brave enough to rebuild again
this city of the dead. We hear heart-rend
ing stories on every hand. The proprietor of
one of the finest hotels in Naples lost two
sons, botli promising young men and his sole
children, and lias gone mad with cries. One
man on tlie threshold of his dwelling lost his
whole family and escaped with his life. The
boatman that rowed us to the steamer lost
seven. Many were buried alive under the
walls and their groans filled the air for days.
We saw one man who had been buried to his
neck for twenty-four hours, and finally dug
out. It is the topic of conversation every
where, and no wonder, for the gloom of tlie
tragedy is over every household. “With
trembling steps and slow” we left the doomed
city, feeling as though we had indeed
“passed through the valley of the shadow of
death.”
■ ■■
THE ANN AMITE TREATY,
From Which It Appears that the French Gain
All, ami Annum Lo-.es All.
Paris, Aug. 30.—The treaty of peace be
tween France and Annarn allows France to
station “residents” in all the chief towns of
Tonquiu, who are to be accompanied by the
necessary number of troops. France may
also construct forts on the banks of the Red
river. The French resident at Hue is to
have the privileges, formerly refused,
of private audiences with the sover
eign. Cochin Chinese money is to have
currency throughout Annarn, and the
commercial customs and system of taxation
are to be regulated by conferences,
to atend which a French envoy is about to
go to Hue. The Annaiuites having requested
the French legation at Hue to be reopened
at the earliest possible day. Ciiampeaux has
been appointed to proceed thither and as
sume charge of affairs. The decorations ami
presents for the King and Annamite minis
ter will be sent so Hue shortly. The block
ade between the island of Hong and Pank
long will be maintained for the present.
Harmand, the French civil commissioner
for Tonquin, who negotiated the treaty of
peace with Annam, is appointed an officer
of the Legion of Honor for his services.
The treaty also stipulates that Annarn
shall receive 2,500,000 francs annually from
the customs receipts.
THE DAILY REVOLUTION.
Disturbances in Colombia ami Efforts to
Preserve Order.
Panama, Aug. 30.—News from tlie interior
of Colombia, received by steamer, says: Tlie
political party represented by theSalud Pub
lica Club attempted a revolution, which was
suppressed, and the political horizon is now
brighter. l>v a decree dated Aug. 6 Presi
dent Otailora convoked the Congress to meet
in extraordinary session on Aug. 13. Gen.
Hurtado is acting as Minister of the Interior
during the absence of Gen. Reinals.
A Bogota paper of Aug. 15 says: Yesterday
afternoon Hart Battalion No. 2, stationed at
Tipaguira, pronounced against the national
and State authorities. The movement was
headed by Don Pedro Solear Martinez, whose
first acts were to turn out all officers and re
place them by men belonging to his own
party, to take charge of the sail deposit and
bank. This morning 1,000 national troops
left here to attack the rebels. Dr. Otailora
expressed a determination to act energetic
ally, and we feel sure Aldana will do his best
to preserve order.
WRECKING A LONDON RANK.
How the Depositors of si Penny Benefit
Bank Amused Themselves.
LonJou Telegraph.
The premises of a penny benefit bank were
wrecked recently by a crowd of depositors,
augmented apparently by a number of street
loungers. An eye-witness thus describes tho
scene:
“The premises had apparently been hastily
evacuated by the staff, and the place, by tho
time 1 entered, was in the hands of the mob,
many of whom were depositors, with their
bank books in hand, fiercely demanding thoir
money and interchanging their sorrows,
some of them in tears and evident distress.
The predominating spirit, however, was one
of mischief, and the depositors present were
certainly outnumbered by disinterested
roughs, who seemed equally delighted and
surprised to find soenjovablean opportunity
for doing a little real mischief. The floor
was quickly strewn with check-books ami
bank stationery, and into this litter the
water-filter had been emptied. An office
chair had been mounted on the counter, and
an unlucky plaster bust, assumed
to represent somebody connected with
the concern, had been placed in it,
bonneted with a zinc pail and iguominiousiy
cravatted with an office duster, and at this

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