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THE DAILY JOURNAL. BY JNO. C. NEW & SON. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1885. THE INDIANArOLIS JOURNAL *Can b* found at the following places: i LONDON’ —American Exchange in Europe, 449 Strand. PARlS—American Exchange in Paris, 35 Boulevard des Capucines. NEW YORK—St. Nicholas and Windsor Hotels. •CHICAGO—PaImer House. CINCINNATI—J. R. Hawley & Cos., 154 Vine street. LOUISVILLE—C. T. Dearing. northwest corner Third and Jefferson streets. ST. LOUlS—Union News Company, Union Depot and Southern Hotel. Telephone Calls. Business Office 238 | Editorial Rooms 242 To*day is th # e saddest anniversary in Amer can history. , The eminent dead beat, O'Donovan Rossa, ran across several capiases in Louisville, and “Was unavoidably detained in that city. The new Union Depot should not be al lowed to die. It is now made possible to build anew structure, and it should be put up speedily. It has been needed for years. The findings of the jury in the case of James D. Fish can hardly be reassuring to Mr. Ward. Even the luxuries which sur round him in Ludlow can hardly hide a vision of prison walls now. The last victim of the inflexible school sys tem has been found in New York city. The teacher thinks the boy died of confinement rather than overstudy. The hours of study are too long, undoubtedly. Ip New York was in New Jersey, it might be expected that Mr. Fish would be punished in accordance with the findings of the jury. As it is, there is a reasonable certainty that some legal loophole will ba found for his es cape. Did you ever notice how rapidly the rear car of an express train shrinks as it bowls away at the rate of fifty miles an hour? The importance of the adjourned Indiana states men is decreasing in the same manner. If they were to come back next week nobody would know thorn. It is shown that the tonnage of England’s ' merchant marine exceeds that of Russia by a ratio of eighteen to one. The war fleets of the two powers are more evenly matched, with the advantage in favor of Russia as to numbers. England’s vast wealth afloat would prove rich prey to Russian cruisers. Many thoughtless Americans rejoice over the prospect of a war in Europe. The proba bilities are that this country will suffer from a visitation of cholera this summer. How would we regard the subject of Great Britain who expressed satisfaction at the prospect? War and pestilence are calamities every time, and the whole world suffers from the derange ment thoy inevitably produce. The New York Times prints a Washington special professing to give the real reason for General Black calling by telegraph for the resignation of Miss Sweet as pension agent at Chicago. Commenting upon it, editorially, the Times says that the story should be at once investigated, and if found to be true, the General’s resignation should be promptly de manded, without any such compliment as he gave Miss Sweet. Even the leading Southern newspapers confess the constitutional disability of Gen. Lawton to bold a public office, and yet it is stated that the President will issue a com mission to him. Is the Constitution to be set aside simply to permit a stiff-necked rebel to hold a government position? General Lawton, like Bob Toombs, so gloried in his rebellion, that he would not ask Congress to relieve him from his disabilities. Admirers of Higgins, the ex-ballot-box stuffer, are telling how lie s “looking into things*' in the various departments of the Treasury, with a view to inaugnrate “re forms.” “When I get through with this bu reau, you will think an elephant has stepped on you,” he is quoted as saying to one official. If any doubt remained concerning the new appointment clerk’s unfitness for any position under the government, this remark should settle it. Whether the civil-service rules prescribe that a government employe shall be a gentleman in his deportment, or not, the people, whose servant ho is, have a right to expect and demand that he shall be. Hig gins, it is plain, is not. The motives which lead to self-destruction are, when disclosed, always more or less of a surprise to sound-minded people, but as sui cides increase in number the causes ascribed become more and more incomprehensible and insufficient to the calm intelligence. The case of the professor of languages on Long Island, who shot himself last week because his son, studying in France, bad failed in ex amination, is matched by that of the young girl in this city, who sought death because of grief for her sister who died five years ago. It is amazing that a man of mature years, and of more than average ability in many ways, should regard the missing of a school exam ination as of sufficient importance to lose a night’s sleep over, much less his life. It is not enough to say that he was insane. There ia no proof that this was the case. The testi mony of his friends shows that he attached an exaggerated importance to rapid literary progress, and when his son faUed to satisfy his ambition in this respect the disappoint ment was too great. In the case of the young girl mentioned, somebody blundered in per mitting her to brood over the loss of her sis ter, and to weep at her grave for hours, as she is said to have done. Such an unnatural and morbid exhibition of grief should and might have been checked had the child been looked after wisely. Fortunately, her effort at self destruction was not successful, and it is to be hoped that she may yet enjoy the brightness and cheerfulness which belong to youth. ANOTHER ANNIVERSARY TO BE REMEMBERED Indulgence is begged of all who, because “the war has been over twenty years,” are tired of hearing anything about it or its les son. The pardon of that superior being, the mugwump, is craved, and of such reformers who would say nothing to wound the feelings of the gentlemen who once honored the Na tion by taking up arms against it, thereby demonstrating a deathless and exalted patriot ism before which it i3 yet “a holy duty” to “reverently kneel.” To-day is another an niversary, one we feel lhat can be recalled with good effect. To men who baoo a full appreciation of the aw ful offense committed against this people, by the South against the government, and by the South against herself, there is no need of apology for occasional reference to the past in connection with the rebellion. Its lesson, written in fire, and blood, and destruc tion, can never safely be forgotten, however completely and properly all bitterness may be disremembered. The South more than the North has reason to recall the direful events between the fall of Sumter and the surrender of Lee. There is no desire upon the part of the North to rub salt in the wounds of war, nor has there been at any moment since the fateful 9th of April, 1865. The South has been forgiven, freely, fully, and the men who led the South have been accorded every manly virtue consistent with the truth. The North can stand before the high column in New Orleans, latest erected there, and say that it commemorates the fame of a brave man, a gallant soldier, and, if you please, a man sincere in his convictions. It can stand by the grave of “Stonewall” Jackson realizing that he was a Christian soldier. But while admitting these high personal virtues on the part of these and other men who went into rebellion, the North does not and cannot for get that they were fearfully in the wrong in attempting to overthrow the government and disnipt the Union. While courageous, manly and self-sacrificing, they yet lacked that supreme virtue of citizenship, the love of country. It cannot be pleaded in ex tenuation that their respective States held their allegiance; for if that be admitted, as is still claimed by quite a number of people, we have no united country, only a confederation little stronger than a rope of sand. So far from this being true, the States are but in tegral parts of one common nation, a heritage purchased at tremendous sacrifice, and be queathed to oncoming generations as a sacred ti’ust, the surest guaranty of peace at home and security from foreign foes. The heat of partisan prejudice once caused a large part of this Nation to forget this vital truth, and the result was direful to all alike; a terrible penalty was paid by all the people. It is a patriotic duty how not only to bind up the wounds of war, to pour balm into bruised hearts, and to sow battle-fields with the seed of perpetual peace, but to solemnly recall the errors of the past, and most sacredly re solve never to be again guilty of them. In such a patriotic education, embracing all the people, North, South, East and West, there is alone safety and perpetuity for the future. To-day it is fitting to look back over twenty years to that night and morning of awful distress and suspense, the shadow of which overlaps the coming cen turies. The Nation’s joyous and thankful heart was paralyzed with grief, and the splen dors of the Union reunited went into pro foundest eclipse. We invite South to join with North in the contemplation of that day. A review of its tragedy, and of the Christian fortitude and forbearance of the people, fresh from hard-earned victories, must ever remain a shining example, well worthy of those who mourned him who, “with malice toward none, but with charity for all,” was the one great victim of malice, and hatred, and revenge that would have shamed a fiend. It is prof itable to recall the fact that no retaliation was attempted, none seriously contemplated. The North, which for four years had drunk of the cup of bitteritess, and had momentarily tasted of the joy of better days assured, was thrown into the dust of agony; but after the first burst of anguish bad been uttered, the charity taught by tho Nation’s beloved Lin coln pleaded so well that no thought of ven geance was cherished, and none but those im mediately implicated in the crime suffered in any way for “the deep damnation of his tak ing off.” It were well for the South to contem plate that day, and on this anniversary realize, if never before, how magnanimous was the North, and how every proof was given of a desire for the speedy and perfect re-cementa tion of the well-nigh shattered Union. The South, mourning over her broken idols, too often forgets that the North suffered in the Rebellion, and through little fault of its own. For every racaut chair on Southern verandas is one by the firesides of the North. There was no pleasure to the North in the business of war, and no gain that is not equally shared by the South. The North has long held out both hands to those who failed in the fight, only asking that they come back in the spirit of true fellowship, and is only angered when a disposition is shown to keep alive those doc- THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1885. trines which have cost the people so much, and which cannot be perpetuated without peril to the life of the Nation. Honor the soldierly deeds of Lee and Jackson, and John ston, if you will, but pledge unqualified fealty to the principle of an eternal union of States, to the end that all the people may en joy the inestimable blessing resulting from the providential overthrow of the erroneous doctrines to which they misdevoted their lives. GENERAL GRANT'S WJFE. Among the many things in the history of their public men, of which Americans have a right to be proud, is the fact that, almost without exception, the family life of the lead ers among them has been without flaw or stain. Living in a feverish social atmos phere, as they often do, exposed to every temptation, it is to their credit that they so seldom succumb. Unpleasant and scanda lous tales concerning men and women promi nent in public and official life are, alas, com mon enough, but even the falsest of them have seldom smirched the garments of the chiefs among them. No such scandals as make the courts of Europe corrupt, and roy alty a term for contempt among decent peo ple, have found foothold at the American capital or political centers. The dark tales of darker doings, when sifted down, are oftenest found, if there be any truth in them at all, to involve those whose reputations are not of the highest in other directions. The love of family and the purity of the family is paramount in the minds of the best men, and that they have lived up to their principles in these respects not only rounds out their great ness, but endears them to the people to a greater degree than they themselves can be aware. The domestic life of Grant has, for instance, been a model in its way. The dying hero is pictured as a soldier and a statesman; his warlike exploits are told and retold in song and history; but it is, after all, as a hus band and father that he comes nearest to the hearts of his countrymen now. In all his career, remarkably little has been said of Mrs. Grant. Her personality, which is undoubt edly strong, has hidden itself behind that of her illustrious husband. Accepting what came to her through his high position, she has sought nothing, has taken no stand which brought her before the public except as associated with him. With ambitions for him, she had apparently none for herself, and when his public life was, in a measure, ended, she resumed the quiet domestic duties which pertained to the home he most desired and enjoyed, and in them aud his happiness found her own contentment. The happiest women, it is said, have no his tory, and Mrs. Grant, having none separate from that of her husband, has doubtless lived a life not less satisfying than had she taken advantage of his station to become a social leader, or to become otherwise individually prominent. No one who has followed the General’s career can doubt that the woman now watching the shadow of death lower over her loved one has exercised much influence over him. Who knows how much the out come of the battles which he fought whs due to the encouragement the gentle “home” woman gave to him? Who can tell how many of the generous, forgiving acts for which lie is praised were owing to her interven tion? How many times her discretion guard ed him, who may know? Although she is known only as the wife of General Grant, and not through her personal characteristics, a feeling prevails that she has been his help meet indeed, and that in his high office, as well as in the troubles of his later life, he has fouud the companionship, the sympathy and consolation which he needed and which no one but she could give. The prayers of the people are for General Grant, but prayers for the patient, devoted woman so soon to be left alone, are as frequent and fervent. In her coming desolation she will stand apart, but the hearts of her countrymen will go out to lier as one who was almost a part of the great chieftain, and who helped to make him what he was. She hath done what she could, and as a part of a beautiful picture of family life her memory will never fade. THE BARTHOLDI ELEPHANT. It is, perhaps, ungracious to look a gift hors 6 in the mouth; but if the steed demands to be gaily and expensively caparisoned before it will go, the recipient may be excused for, at least, admitting to himself that he would have preferred some other sort of horse or even none at all. The word comes that M. Bar tholdi, the maker and giver of the statue of Liberty, which is to adorn New York harbor, is, in company with Frenchmen in general, deeply grieved and insulted because of the delay in raising the pedestal fund. It is, of course, but proper, since the gift has been accepted, that New York shall build the ped estal, and far better that it should be done without commotion than with the hullabaloo that now accompanies the effort; nevertheless M. Bartholdi has no reason for anger. Neither the artistic nor the patriotic sentiment of the country demanded the placing of a statue of Liberty at the entrace of New York harbor. It was a very pretty thought which suggested the gift, and very kind on the part of the people of France to donate to a foreign country such a product of artistic labor. The country could do no less than to accept it, but as it filled no popular demand, there was nat urally a lack of enthusiasm—and dollars—in response to the call for contributions for the pedestal. Had M. Bartholdi’s “Liberty" been able to stand alone, or had she brought her footstool with her, both the statue and the maker would be regarded, the one with much papre and vtfyex with more grati tude, and this, too, not from the mercenary view of the case. It is not that the people, who are being so persistently dunned for money, are penurious; they who are able to give are indifferent, and have grown callous to the undeniable merits of the matter from much repetition of the story. Had a statue of Liberty been unattainable from any other source, or had it been the one thing needful for the glory of the metropolis, the funds for its proper reception would have been forthcoming speedily enough. Natur ally the millionaires reflect, when asked to give ten or twenty thousand dollars each, that they are paying a high price for the ac commodation of a work of art which may or may not be satisfactory, and may or may not be equal to the work of artists to whom they would have given the order had the circumstances been other than they are. This is, of course, not a gracious way to view the matter, but it is a natural and inevitable one. So far from being angry or grieved, M. Bartholdi may rejoice that the pedestal is so rapidly progressing to its completion; he may give thanks if the painful effort necessary to secure the funds has not given people a distaste for his name, and that the gratitude which they should otherwise have felt is not wholly lost. He will, at all events, have probably learned the folly of making gifts which are in the nature of ele phants. In the Sentinel, of yesterday, we find the following: “SMITH, OF JENNINGS. “The gentleman of the above specific title is a member of the Indiana State Senate. Smith, of Jennings, yesterday, objecting to a resolution thanking reporters of the press for courtesies, went out of his way, after flying at a Journal reporter, to say that he had had no mention from the Sentinel, and that he felt complimented at having had no mention from such a paper. “In the light of yesterday’s events, there is one other highly complimented because of Smith, of Jennings, not having been men tioned in the Sentinel, and that one other is the Sentinel. If this paper were on the look out for a long-eared, braving jackass, of which to make mention, it would have gone out onto some prairie, instead of into the Indiana Senate chamber; consequently, Smith, of Jennings, has not been found and introduced into these columns mentionably. “Still the Sentinel has no particular desire to refer to Smith, of Jennings, since such reference is not received by him as compli mentary, and if he will now come to the Sentinel counter and settle a back subscrip tion bill of $26, for which he has more than once been dunned, the Sentinel will, without further mention of his name, remit him to the obscurity from which he undeservedly came.” . It is a great pity that soothsayers disagree. Otherwise, we might know something about things, and not be in such a distressing state of uncertainty as regards the future. It would, for instance, be gratifying if the inter preters could agree upon one signification of General Grant's dream in which the sum of seventeen dollars figured conspicuously. One interpreter makes this to mean that he will live seventeen days from the hour of his dream, another seventeen weeks, and another seventeen years. Such a difference of mean ing is calculated to cast doubt upon the prog nostications of the soothsaying gentry, es pecially as none of the periods stated seems likely to be the correct one. A private letter from an Indianapolis young man now in Canada says: “Canada is all torn up over the Northwestern war. Troops are be ing sent out, and bulletins are anxiously watched. A great many people here are in favor of a gen eral war, thinking it would settle the unsettled state of government. * ** * Living is cheap, also clothing; but wages are lower and times not as good as in the States. Canada would like to become a part of the United States, and I think it would be a good step for both countries. * * * Sir John McDonald now rules Canada, and is greatly opposed by the home Canadians, who would rather be ruled by home talent, Hon. W. M. McKenzie being their man. To-day I met the Lieutenant-governor of the Dominion. He lives on what the people call “The Corner”—a cathedral on one corner, a saloon on another, the Dominion College on another, and the Lower House of Parliament on another—education, legislation, salvatiou and damnation. This is a very intemperate country. Liquors are very cheap. Toronto is a fine town; lively, business like, and with more fine-looking men and women than any town of its size I know of.” Old Mr. Waltemire and his wife, of Pough keepsie will not go down the years hand in hand to the music of “John Anderson, my Jo,” or other domestic ditty. Mr. and Mrs. Waltemire lived together in peace and with a reasonable degree of happiness for fifty years, and, after raising and “settling” a family of children, some of whom are now over forty years of age, quarreled, sep arated and have been divorced. The shame of such a spectacle suggests the advisability of a law which should forbid divorce to people who ought to be celebrating their golden wedding, or should, at least, demand the concurrence of their children in the act. Judge Pardee, of Georgia, is no respecter of persons, unless they are of the female sex. To them he is gallant, even to the extent of placing their husbands in jail for their offenses. The Judge has just ordered a wealthy citizen to jail for ninety days because his wife interfered with the work of a receiver for an estate in which the wealthy citizen was interested, by laying claim to eve ece of property which the official tried to attacu. It was evidently the Judge's opinion that it was the business of the wealthy citizen to make his wife behave, and that if he couldn't he deserved to be punished. Lucia Zarate, the Mexican midget, is prob ably the smallest lady in the world, being twenty-two years of age, and weighing but four and a half pounds. But, small as she is, she possesses every feminine instinct, and is as fond of dress as most young ladies are, and has over 300 costumes, enough to make her a great “actress,” were she of regulation stature. She holds receptions while standing on a center table, and when she becomes tired she tells her company to go home. A Frenchman in Paris detected his wife con cealing a paper as he entered her apartment, and drew a revolver to threaten her into disclosing it Not succeeding, he shot and wounded her, after which he jumped out of a window. It de veloped that the paper was a bill for millinery, and there seems to be reason for the belief that he will be promptly acquitted. Those who desire to see a real artist in chalk, and hear a man of ability ahd sense at the same time, will see and hear Mr. W. M. R. French to night ALOUT PEOPLE AND THINGS. Bishop Wordsworth is believed to hare spent far more than his episcopal income in charities. Joaquin Miller has bought a building site at Lake de Funiak, the Florida Chautauqua, where he will duplicate his log-cabin home, now so famous, at Washington City. The cultivation of eucalyptus trees for fuel has been begun at Los Angeles, Cal. It is said that an acre of them, after a lapse of four or five years, will yield as much income as an acre of grapes. General Lew Wallace wore his army uniform on court and full-dress occasions at Constantinople. Mr. Cox will have to go back to the black swallow tail, unless he has a Turkish costume made of some stuff with sunset colors. The physicians who made an autopsy of the body of Miss Kate Smulsey, found that she came to her death from consumption. They found no evidences of star vation, which is suggestive that the nine months fast was wholly of the imagination. Judge John K. Porter, now dangerously ill at Waterford, N. Y., will not be remembered so much for his judicial career as for his connection with two of the most famous trials of the country. He helped to defend Beecher and to prosecute Guiteau. A Montreal detective offers to deliver Louis Riel, dead or alive, in Ottawa, for SIO,OOO. Sir John is not likely to entertain the proposition, in view of his costly experiment inISGO, when he paid $3,000 to get the distinguished half-breed out of the Domin ion. President Cleveland lately received calls from a beautiful Russian lady and her brother. She was tall and picturesque, with golden hair, and was born in Jerusalem. “They call me at home ‘Jerusalem the Golden,’and sometimes ‘The New Jerusalem,’” she sweetly said Mme. Judic, the notorious chic actress of naughty plays at the Paris Varieties, is going to take her fare well of the French stage in a series of performances of favorite characters; then she will rest a month or two, after which she will “star” all next season over this unfortunate country. Luminous trees are reported to be growing in a valley near Tuscarora, Nevada. At certain seasons the foliage gives out sufficient light to enable any one near at hand to read small print, while the luminous general effeot may be perceived some miles distant. The phenomenon is attributed to parasites. In social conversation with his staff one of them asked Gen. Joe Johnston how many times he had been wounded. He replied, “eight times.” The staff remarked that he was the most unfortunate general in this respect that he had ever known. “No, sir.” said he, “the most fortunate; for it was only by the mercy of God I was not killed upon either occasion." A Pullman city has been established in Russia; thirty-five thousand workmen of large engineering works aro lodged in small cottages, most of which are to accommodate two families only. A refectory, a laundry, a hospital, a benefit society, a technical school and a co-operative store constitute the public institutions of the place, and the co-operative society pays a flourishing dividend. The Right Honorable Sir Edward Malet is the envy of British diplomatists. In these days of slow diplo matic promotion, to be embassador to Berlin—with out doubt now the most important of British legations —at forty-seven, and to marry the daughter of almost the wealthiest duke, is an extraordinary success for the younger son of a second-class diplomatist without powerful political connections. Lucy Stone: I called at her pension-office by invi tation of Miss Sweet last November. So neat and home-like were the rooms that they might have been the living rooms of a pleasant and refined family. Her fine corps of young women assistants, well cared for, well paid, were a joy to see. Miss Sweet was like a gracious queen among them. Good will, good order and systematic business arrangements were visi ble everywhere. Mr. Sorby ex-president of the Royal Miscropical Society, of London, has recently issued a paper in re gard to the cause of the color in autumn foliage. The high green color is an attribute of high vital power. After death there is no change of color. The grades of color are in ratio to decreasing vital powers. This statement of the case is not, however, original with Mr. Sorby; for it has been presented just as clearly by American observers. The New York Sun has some good advice to smokers, elaborating these points; Smoke light-col ored cigars, they ar§ milder; never smoke on an empty stomach; do not smoke the whole of the cigar, the nico tine or poisonous oil of tobacco concentrates in the “stump;" do not smoke more than three or four cigars a day; and, lastly, after smoking, cleanse the teeth. These hints seem good, but we have never seen a really good reason for smoking at all. It has been definitely decided to widen the Suez canal, and it is estimated that the work will consume two years; but the benefit of the enlargement will make itself felt before completion. The increased water-way will be capable of an almost indefinite amount of traffic, and that it will be necessary is indi cated by the fact that the business of the canal has in the past doubled itself in five years. It is be lieved that this rate of increase will continue. The birthday of Washington Irving was celebrated in New York by the Irving Club. There were fifty members present, and one of them was a fellow-vestvy man with the author at the Tarrytown Episcopal Church. Chief Justice Noah Davis told a story about Irving and Doctor Peters, Irving’s physician, who was present—how,that when Doctor Peters, in Irving's last illness, tried to cheer him by saying, “We’ll soon have you well again,’’ the patient answered, “Well, Doctor, no man can wish you greater sucess than I do.” This was mild wit, but then the circumstances must be considered. Ghant once made a visit to Lieutenant-general Winfield Scott. Ho was accompanied by Brigadier general Van Vliet. The two lieutenant-generals of the United States armies had a short but most inter esting conference. When General Grant was about to take his departure, General Scott arose, took a copy of his autobiography, which had just been pub lished, and wrote on the fly leaf: “From the oldest to the ablest general in the world. Winfield Scott.” This he presented to Lieutenant-general Grant. No comment is needed on such a compliment, but it may be of interest to know that Grant showed the book to his frionds by the score, and spoke repeatedly of the compliment as the most gratifying experience of his eastern trip. CURRENT PRESS COMMENT. The Russian generals crave renown, the officers promotion, the soldiers employment and booty. These things must be had at any cost, and cannot" be had otherwise than by war. Moreover, other nations nat urally look for some achievement worthy of the size and splendor of this great military engine, and tho consciousness of this fact has prematurely urged more than one Czar into a bloody and disastrous conflict. In a word, the Russian autocrat, like another Aaron, has cast down his marshal's baton and changed it to a serpent, which has swallowed every form of national life.—New York Times. Even were it probable that the United Statss would grow rich out of the general suffering and misery of the two nations—for no war, especially for conquest, can be conducted without an overtaxation, ruinous to the people, and a spoilage of labor that brings ruin upon families—it would still be no cause for rejoicing. There are but two causes which justify war, and these are resistance to insufferable tyranny and defense of the fathorlaud. War for any other cause iff savagery, and the money which is made from it is wrung out of the sufferings of others and mainly out of those who would never have war if they had been consulted. —Chicago Tribune. If the war comes things will boom in America. In the end, of course, the losses of war affect the whole civilised world, but in this case the benefit to the United States will be out of all proportion to her filial loss. Russia supplies a large part of Europe with wheat. . A war will not only diminish her productive power, but will increase the demand for every prod- uct. America will be called upon to supply extraordi nary demands abroad, while the revival of all indus tries by the war will increase the home consumption. There ha 9 never been a time when a foreign war could have such an immediate, and wholesome, and widespread effect upon American life.—Milwaukee Sentinel. If it is hi3 (the President’s) idea not to give the country as good government as he can, but to give fcht country as good government as may rosult from putting the gray above the blue, commendations will need to bo much modified in the times that are com ing. It may be added, too, that the Democrats them selves are not altogether unanimous in appreciating appraising the administration. Thus the selection xt r • , P*’ Vermont, whose ugly speech about Mr. Lincolu, and about the abolition of slavery, will not soon be forgotten, meets with decidedly savage criticism in the New York World. But it is possible that the more Republicans commend what Mr. Cleve land does that is praiseworthy, the more his <fwa party will L 0 disgusted with him.—New York Tribune. THE Indian and Mormon questions, and the improve ment of the intelligence ar.d fitness for citizenship of the colored people of the South, to which President Cleveland allnded in his inaugural message; the preservation of the public domain; the regulation of interstate transposition, and the curtailment of pub lic expenditures in ail departments into which ex travagance and carelessness have crept—these ana many similar questions of high moment, Action upon which has been too long delayed, give to the adminis tration opportunities for shaping the poliey of the government, such as few party leaders newly in trusted with power have ever enjoyed. If it shall make a wise use of them, the petty matter of filling she offices will sink to its true in significance.—Boston Herald. There is a disposition in these days to undervalue the importance of political institutions and magnify the influence of climate and nature in general. There is no very notable difference in the natural surround ings of Irishmen at home and in this country, and cer tainly nothing disadvantageous in the former. The dif ference in the people is due to the better opportunities afforded in this country for getting on in life. A free government, where the ballot is the scepter of author ity. protects and fosters the entire population, and makes popular progress possible and inevitable. Th trivial penalties attached by law to crimes against the right of suffrage show that we do not appreciate the importance of republican institutions with their in herent guarantees of equal opportunities.—Chicago Inter Ocean. Our misfortune was England’s opportunity. Will the situation be reversed in case of protracted hostili ties between England and Russia? How much will British commerce suffer and American commerce gain if Russian cruisers carry the war wherever British merchant ships sail the sea?’ How much will the di version of so rnuoh of the maraitim o energy of GreaJ Britain from peace to war count for Great Britain’* nearest rival in commerce? What measures of legis lation are desirable to enable American ship- builders and ship-owners to take the full legitimate advantage of a turn in affairs favorable to their interests? No wonder that the men who make and the men who own American ships, wooden and iron, are watching the progress of events on the Afghan frontier with lively interest. —New York Sun. The important matter to be settled before we eouns our chickens is, What will Europe do with our securi ties? It is impossible to estimate the amount held there, but when it is remembered what vast accumula tions of New Yoik Central, Pennsylvania, Lehigh Val ley, Erie, Reading, Illinois Central and like securities have been made, to say nothing of city, State and gov ernment bonds and the rattle-traps, it is easy to sea that these holdings must remain in Europe if there is not to be a great decline in the price of them and a damaging run on our surplus. Tho danger is not that foreigners will throw overboard good securities be cause they are afraid of them, but that when the war loans are proposed a patriotic feeling will impel the selling of tho best Americans to assist in raising money for the prosecution of the war. This state of affairs would be sure to come about if the war be a prolonged one, or it might be the result of a sudden early out burst of patriotism. The effect of the war in the end would, very probably, be advantageous to our staple markets; but it must not be forgotten that we are a debtor nation, and that we are not ready or able to pay our debts out of the current profits even of a largely increased trade. Heretofore the declaration of war in Europe has always been a signal for a return to this country of a large amount of securities. —Philadelphia Press. | GEN. BLACK AND MISS SWEET. The Dishonorable Partisan Reasons that Called Out the Request to Resign. Washington Special to New Tort Times. An Illinois Democrat now visiting in this city furnishes au explanation of Pension Commis sioner Black’B tolegraphic demand for the resig nation of Pension Agent Ada Sweet, which u interesting, and which bears the marks of plausibility, if not probability. Like the late Commissioner Walter Evans, who made the grave mistake of beginning work in the Internal Revenue office with au ax, General Black has made the mistake, ascribable, perhaps, to ignor ance of his powers and duties, of attempting to remove an officer whom he describes as honest, capable and satisfactory. The reasons given for his course are political and complicated. Before the Illinois State convention met, in July last, General Black’s name was frequently men tioned as a candidate for Governor. When the convention met at Peoria, it was found that Carter Harrison had a largo majority of the del egates. General Black, among his personal friends, had been bitterly opposed to Harrison, but he concluded to step aside and endeavor to secure an election as delegate at large to the national convention. He was a strong Mc- Donald man, while the State was strong for Cleveland. To get to the national convention he needed the assistance of the Harrison people, and it has been asserted that in order to succeed he was induced to promise that if chosen he would make a speech nominating Carter Harrison for President. The proof has not been made that this dicker was effected, but General Black went to the convention as a delegate at large, and, forgetting that he had denounced Harrison as a demagogue, presented him in a eugolistic speech as the candidate of Illinois. The gentleman who tells this story savs that Black and Harrison have since been working to gether. Both gentlemen have been aspiring to the United States senatorship. A short time ago, when Harrison’s chance's- disappeared, it was reported at Springfield that the Cook coun ty delegation in the Legislature would support Black for senator if Miss Sweet was removed and Mrs. Mulligan put in her place. The city election was coming on in Chicago. Harrison needed all the support he could get to make him mayor. He was very anxious to get a strong Irish vote. Word was sent to Washington by Carter Harrison intimating that if the removal of Miss Sweet could be made before tho election it would be reciprocated, when a break occurred in the Legislature, by the transfer of the Cook county vote from Morrison to Black. The de mand for Miss Sweet’s resignation, accompanied by a compliment for her faithful services, wae sent by telegraph. It was not to take effect for three month, so that the necessity for asking the resignation by wire appears to have been justi fied by some extraordinary exigency. The mails would have taken it in twenty-four hours, but they would have brought it to Chicago about Monday, instead of Saturday before the election, too late to produce the desired effect upon tho susceptible Irish voters. The question is asked by the Illinois gontle man who tells this story whether General Black has not tried to break down Morrison’s column in the Legislature, and whether he has not only used the Pension Office to advance his cause, but, at the same time, has sought to disorganize Morrison’s friends in the Legislature. It Is even asserted that he has discredited Chairman Oberly’s standing with the administration, while Mr. Oberly has been a welcome and frequent visitor at the White House. The ingratitude of this is apparent, if the assertion is true, when it is known that Pension Commissioner Black owes his appointment to his present place principally to Mr. Oberly. The attempted removal of Miss Sweet, now that the election is over, ap pears to have been abandoned, the political ne cessity for it having passed. General Black’* friends are unwilling to believe this story, and some of them who have heard it are prepared tc make an indignant denial of it An Unsavory Record. Indianapolis News. The apportionment bills are monument* unique in the history of party robbery. The State of Indiana to-day is, in the name of law. de prived of anything like a fair expression of it* desires. To this unsavory record must be added the manifestations of a personal greed for the $G per day on the part of members, as dis* graceful as it is outrageous. Deliberately and of set purpose they went to work to make money out of the State like a lot of hired men who steal their time and so swindle their employer. It is a bad record, as bad as bad can well be, and dis graceful not only to the men who perpetrated it, but to the State in whose name it was done. It is not too much to say that the conduct and complexion of the Legislature’s course as a whole has been to weaken respect for law, teaching the lesson that it is a mere trick of legislation, ia which the spirit may be killed by manipulation of the letter, and under it ail the great ground swell of impulse appears plainly as greed. Greed not merely for party advantage in the perversion of public affair* thereto, but the personal greed of $6 per day.