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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, May 01, 1886, Image 2

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fn speakiog of these accessions. President Lyon
aid: “We have pot some cowboys now, and
they have come to stay. One of them went
across the street this morning to pet his break
fast, and when I heard of it, I called him in and
warned him that he might pet into a row if he
pid not eat with the rest of the men in the sta
bles. ’’
“That's what I’m looking for,’’ he said. “If
they come any of their funny business on me,
they'll think Holland has got back from Texas
“Wo have sent out West for more of
these men, and when the next crowd gets here
we won’t have any need of the police. I was out
West in 1851. and saw the boys shoot the spot out
of*aa ate of spades as far off as you could see
the card. J know them. They are just what
we want The pickets want to get hold of just
about one of these cowboys, and then leave the
The grand jury of the Court of General Ses
sions was discharged yesterday, but not until
Foreman Urown had handed to R-corder Smith
a presentment condemning boycotting. The
severely condemns Police Justice
Weide, who, when a number of boycotted were
arretted and brought before him for annoying
Cavanagh. Sandford &Cos., tailors, promptly dis
cnarged them on the ground that they had not
violated the law. Police Captains Williams,
McCullough and Copeland had confessed that
they were powerless to relieve the boycotted
firms from the nuisance, so long as the police
jltUcee failed to commit the prisoners. In con
clusion, the presentment states:
“It appears evident to the grand jury, repre
sonting, as thoy do. the law-abiding citizens of
this county, that great dereliction of duty anil
great ignorance of law were manifested on the
part of this recognized legal authority of our
police. Otherwise, we claim that our city would
not have beer, disgraced, after |those decisions of
Justice Welde had been given, by this nefarious
conspiracy against the people. The grand jury
regrets to reflect upon any officer of justice, and,
notwithstanding the opinion of Justice Welde. a
thorough examination convinces them that this
go-called boycott is an accursed exotic, and they
urge that every effort of our Legislature, the
bench and the bar, the press of the land, and
every American citizen, be taken to aid in ex
terminating the hydra-headed monster draeging
its loathsome length along this continent, suck
ing, the very life blood from out our trade and
commerce, and which is equally baneful to the
employers and employes.”
No Serious Trouble Expected.
New York, May I.—The Tribune, this morn
ing, savs: “It is hardly expected that the short
hour movement will cause many strikes or lock
outs just at present. The general feeling among
the leading members of,the[vanous organizations
is that, in the present state of public opinion in
regard to strikes, it would be folly to try
to accomplish anything through their medium,
and in most cases, when an amicable arrange
ment cannot be made between the employers
and the men, the matter will be held in abey
ance. Much bas been accomplished within the
last month in the way of shortening hours of la
bor. In all the building trades, which
are the most perfectly organized, an
agreement has beeu entered into between the
men and the bosses making nine hours a day's
work and eight hours on Saturday. The system
of payment by the hour, instead of the day, has
also been introduced. In these trade* there will
certainly not be any trouble. The trades which
have askpd for shorter hours are the tailors, who
ask for eight, nine and ten hours in the
different shops: the bakers, who ask for eleven
hours; the various Kinds of machinists and iron
workers, who wish to work nine hours a day,
while the woodworkers, such as piano
makers, furniture and organ-makers, wood
carvers and upholsterers have demanded
eight hours for a day’s work. These de
mands have been formulated for some time.
In many cases where the change will not make
any great difference in the trade the demands
have been complied with, and the rule will go
into effect on Monday. The trade in which trouble
is most likely to take place is the piano mak
ing industry. The executive committee of
the united piano-makers’ union have visited all
the manufacturers, and made a request for eight
hours. Some of them have granted the request
conditionally, but the larger manufacturers de
clare that if the request is persisted in they will
hut their factories.”
Labor Troubles Fomented by Foreigners—
The Kind of Union He Would Assist.
New York, April HO.—The Times, publish
es a lengthy interview with Jay Gould
on the labor question. Mr. Gould says
he hardly feels competent to discuss the
question in a general sense, his views
being those which pertain to his particular
specialties—the management of those properties
in which he has financial interest ‘‘But in the
general sons©,” said Mr. Gould, “it may be said
r-may, indeed, be recognized as an axiom—that
labor is a commodity that will, in the long run,
be governed absolutely by the law of supply
and demand. Its value must fluctuate with the
ups and downs of general business. The strike
on the Missouri PsKiific occurred March 6, and
lasted between two and three weeks. It was
broken by the proclamation of the Governors,
by the uprising of the people residing along the
ne, expressed in their formation of law and
•der leagues, and by the criminal prosecutions
striking Knights of Labor. There was no
ause for the strike, as everybody knows. Our
men were well and promptly paid. The strike
was the work of agitators who had constituted
themselves the rulers of the men, and who
lacked the sense to use their power with discre
tion. ”
Mr. Gouldithen hurriedly ran over the par
ticulars of the strike on the Southwestern sys
tem, and said, with much emphasis, that since
the restoration of order preference has been
given uniformly to men in re employment to the
late employes of the company, whether they are
Knights o 1 Labor or not.
“1 look for little immediate good to auybody
—least of all to the working people, who are di
rectly and vitally interested —from the species
of general discontent and agitation that is nor
shown to u3 most conspicuously. It gives us
strikes, boycotts, intimidation and throats of
disorder in a thousand forms. It seeks prac
tically to plunge the country into a civil war.
It places an embargo on everything akin to per
sonal independence. The workingmen—so far
as we see them in these bodies of the stamp of
the Knights of Labor—are doing themselves
an inestimable deal of barm. ‘Organized
labor.’ as we get a present view of it,
is in the wrong path. Unscrupulous
and designing leaders are blinding the masses.
Do not understand me that I am opposed to the
organization of labor. Far from that being
true, I am an earnest believer in the union of
fellow-workers. The properly-organized laborer
must be a stronger man. a better workman, mote
careful, more thoughtful, and a better citizen.
I think the true mission of labor organizations
should be to properly educate their members,
weed out the black sneep. and provide a life in
surance scheme whose benefits would be worth
working for. The worker should be able to feel
sure that if by bard fortune he becomes inca
pacitated there is safety from the poor-house and
freedom from the auxicties and tortures of ab
solute poverty, and, in case of death, there
would be something to support the wife and
children, otherwise thrown on the mercies of the
world. The laborer would then be a patriot
always; he would never be a law-breaker. For a
loug time I have been revolving in my mind vari
ous schemes by which I have hoped to be able
to work up to the realization of this condition
of things. It has been one of my favorite dreams,
and in the end I am confident that I will be able
s o establish just what I seek in this direction.
Mich au organization would go hand in hand
vith the railroads. Indeed, I have so Fsr con
:nced myself on this point that I have discussed
iatails of such a project with a number of my
osistants. As far back as last August 1 urged
Mr. Powderly, in an interview, to secure the in
corporation of the life-insurance feature in Lis
organization. It was so evident to me that the
Knights of Labor, upon such a broadened plat
form. would better serve the country’s interests
that I was urgent in my recommendations. I
have already prepared a letter to Mr. Hoxie to
take up this subject at once with the most in
telligent of our employes, and see if they cannot
jointly perfect such a plan. I have in my mind
to recommend the Missouri Pacific board of di
rectors to give financial support to such an or
ganization as soon as it can he pat m working
order, and our men show a disposition to enjoy
the benefits of such a co-operative project, and I
will be glaa to contribute myself, for 1 anticipate
great good from the plan as soon as it shall have
the chance to operate.
“There are many excellent organizations al
ready existing, but their scope is limited. The
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, for in
stance, is an order compact and admirable. It
does good. So do some other unions that I know
of; but those that are good are an insignificant
fraction beside those that are bad, in their aims
and their methods. The workingmen of the land
to-day are under the leadership, for the most
part, of loud-talking demagogues of the worst
type; men who left their native countries for
their native countries’ good; men who in Ger
many or Russia would bo locked with their in
cendiarism within prison walls, and are heroes
here. Men who were born of patriotic parents,
who were reared in families where honesty was
inculcated, and the fear of God and justice to
one’s fellow men. who all their lives have been
industrious and honorable—such men, sad as the
statement of the fact may be, have been befoarged
by the shouts, and imprecations, and fiendish
teachings of these imported communists, who
preach in the name of suffering humanity
doctrines that no man could declare
who was not mad in the fumes of the meanest
drees of Nihilism. The day for this sort of thing
is nearly at an end. There is a great awakening
at hand. Reaction against vicious incendiarism
is setting in already. The spirit that filled the
streets of Paris with blood and that i veloped
outrage and murder to a Russian science bas
been flaunting itself freely among our lines in
Missouri, in Kansas, and in Illinois. But America
is not France, and the Commune has failed;
America is not Russia, and Nihilism has not de
posed those in authority nor been .able to ruin
the property of those who prosumed to disobey.
Barbarity is a weed that does not thrive well
transplanted from across the ocean here. It is
Dot to the American taste to tear down, cripple
and destroy; Americanism leads to development
and abuilding up. And Americanism, in the end,
depend upon it, is bound to vindicate and assert
itself. Strikes are senseless, defenseless and
pernicious to the iast degree. They are born of
an idea that does not rise to the level of a Fiji
islander's tactics.
“The boycott? It is silliness run mad. The
men who use it are smashing their own skulls
to pieces. They hit not the object they aim at,
but rain upon their own heads their own blows.
New Yorkers need not be told this, since so re
cently has Mrs. Gray, the brave little baker of
Hudson street, been given, with her victory, .to
history. The recent Missouri Pacific strike and
the boycott attendant, which was so valorouslv
proclaimed, emphasize this fact. The Knights
of Labor, apostles of both of these exalted
schemes of warfare, have used their ammunition
of this sort industriously and energetically, with
no result so marked as appears in their own dis
comfiture. Failure is written imbold characters
on every move they have essayed.”
Mr. Gould considered President Clevelands
arbitration plan, lately proposed, the most prac
tical solution of the labor question yet presented.
Mr. - Gould then said: “The assertion of
Messrs. Powderlv and McDowell, that stock
watering is one of the principal causes of labor
troubles, is the merest slush. They present no
facts nor figures to verify their assertion, simply
because such figures do not exist. The wages,
on examination, will be found the 3ame on roads
of high cost as on those of low cost.”
“What,” ejaculated the millionaire, “has stock
watering got to do with the strike in the sugar
refineries in Brooklyn, the coal-mines in Penn
sylvania, the street-car strikes in this city, or
the innumerable ether strikes in manufactories
all over the country? Such stuff shows that
these men have got in deep wator. and when the
irons begin to burn their fingers they shriek out
‘Stock watering!’ I attribute the origin of the
existing widespread labor agitation chiefly to the
ministrations of the Knights of Labor. I have
found ibat that organization is a stirrer-up of
strife, and a breeder of discord. It has little in
it to challenge the respect of intelligent and
honest men; much that it pretends to it does
not possess. Pretty platitudes about arbitra
tion and the like aro in the mouths of the or
ganization's leaders continually, but it is a
matter of declamation only. Arbitration stands
second to the strike, and of the methods chosen
by the order the boycott leads to every shame
that has relation to decency and justice. The
organization bows to the bludgeon idea:
business assassination is a virtue in its sight:
the ruin of industry is hailed as an exalted ac
comnlishment. Stand and deliver—that is the
iegend they bear boldly at the front. Obey or
perish is the motto they give devotion to. Judged
by acts that are not to be disguised, the Knights
of Labor have an illimitable amount of evil in
their organization. What do they offer to their
members? Do they lift anybody up to better cit
izenship? Do they teach manliness? Do they
inculcate any form of honor? If they do I have
nowhere been able to discern such a thing, and I
think I may say that I have had a fairly-good
chance to become acquainted with the aims and
the practical workings of the order. Bad men
are welcomed to its folds. The refugee from
over the ocean finds a fitting fraternal place
with agitators already conspicuous in its
councils. The Communist, whose words drip
constantly with figurative blood is given a high
seat in command. Nowhere, and in no way is
the eood man preferred before the bad man;
nowhere is the first-class workman preferred
before the botch and the lazybones. Upon the
other hand, the riff-raff aro lifted to the back of
those who excel, and the man who is industrious,
temperate and capable, hear3 the perpetual din
of the maxim: ‘An injur/ to one is the concern
of all;’ and, misled by demagogism, be is bur
dened with the hack and the loafer. That in
plain words is the story of the Knights of Labor.
A vast deal of ornate rhetoric has been used to
glorify the order, but cold facts rather discour
age the idea that Mr. Powderly’s organization
has been chosen to inaugurate the millenium.
If they would survive as an order it must be as
something more than a project for punishment
When larger aims and nobler aims are their
principles then will workingmen organized win
for themselves full justice; and then, too, will
there be an end forever to the cry of conflict be
tween capital and labor. Education, sound
sense, and ideas of justice—these are the prin
ciples that ultimately will elevate our wage
earners and give us better times.
“The Knights of Lafcor,” Mr. Gould contin
ued, “have eutered upon far too great an under
taking for the size of their brain and their
shoulders. Not content with a limited scope for
their work, they are attempting to run and rule
everything tho wide world over. The result
would be a roaring farce but that their shameful
policy is at the same time responsible for so
much of distress and disorder. They accom
plish none of the things they declare within the
compass of their ambition. Setting out to gov
ern the earth, they govern nothing and nobody;
court ridicule and insure defeat, not in one
trade with special knowledge secured through
practical experience, but in all trades, and all at
once; not the rule of this country alone, but the
reformation of all countries, from the direction
of the Third-avenue car-drivers to an all-seeing
eye upoD the affairs of the gentle savage of tho
South sea and the concerns of the almond-eyed
native ot far Asia. Mr. Powderly has assured
tho Congressional labor investigating committee
at Washington that, compared with his duties as
grand master workman, the tasks of President
Cleveland are trivial.
“You see”—and Mr. Gould smiled in his char
acteristic way—“you see, after all, that it is a
fairly good sized job to rule aud regulate the uni
A Man Who Doesn’t Relieve in Gould's l'lan.
Chicago, April 30. —The Eight Hour Day, the
official organ of the Chicago Trades and Labor
Assembly, will to-morrow publish a long edito
rial in reply to the article by Mr. Jay Gould on
the labor question, already sent in these dis
patches. It calls him the “modern highwayman
of the mil,” and says: “In order to capture
public sentiment, he declares himself in favor
of some labor organizations, among which
is the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.
This is perhaps returning compliments to
Chief Aithur for the silly and uncalled for at
tack he made on the lvnichts of Labor some
weeks ago. * * * Then he elaborates what an
organization should do for the worker in providing
against sickness, accident and death—not one
word against the unscruplous employer who
causes the first.” It quotes from Mr. Gould’s
plan for a laboring man’s insurance organiza
tion and adds: “Indeed, strange it
would be if any scheme evolved by this
national sand-bagger did not accrue to
his benefit, Th© truth of the whole scheme is
nothing more nor lose than an organized hos
pital, with Jay Gould m its warden, which,
through a system of compulsory taxation levied
on his employes, only seeks to provide for the
worker in sickness, accident or death.”
This system, it says, would make a semi-slave
of the men who, after paying several years’ as
sessments, would endure many wrongs rather
than forfeit his chances of benefits by striking,
and says: “Taking the interview as a whole, it
may be regarded as the grandest combination of
falsehood, deception and cheek ever placed be
fore the American public.” Tt concludes by call
ing Mr. Gould hard names, and asserts that,
realizing that labor cannot be stopped, he is seek
ing to turn it aside.
Fall Text of His Recent Mandate Against
the Knights of Labor.
Montreal, April JO. —Archbishop Tasche
reau’s mandament forbidding Catholics to join
the Knights of Labor has caused the most in
tense excitement among the working classes. It
will be read in all the Catholic churches next
Sunday. The following are a few extracts:
“In our mandament, dated June 29. 1884, we
warned you, dear brethren, against all dangerous
societies, and particularly against Freemasonry,
so formally condemned by the sovereign pontiffs,
and particularly by his Holiness, Pope Leo
XIII. We believe it our duty to remind you.
dear brethren, that the church forbids any one
to enroll himself in any Masonic society, under
the pain of excommunication. You know well
that excommunication is the most terrible pen
alty the church can inflict upon a guilty person.
Serious riots, attended with disartrous conflagra
tions and great loss of life, have just occurred in
.a number of cities in the United States, and, if
the papers are to be believed, these misfortunes
are tho result of strikes organized by a society
whose ramifications extend everywhere and
count as its members men of every kind.
“Having learned that delegates ot a society
known as the Knights of Labor had endeavored
to recruit members in some parts of this prov
ince, we believe it our duty, dear brethren, to
place you on your guard against it. and please
remark that we do not speak in our own name,
but in that of the Holy See, whose advice we
have asked. In fact, during the month of Octo
ber. 1883, we sent to Rome an authentic copy of
the rules and constitutions of the above society,
which copy had been handed to us by one of its
members, who wished to find out what right or
wrong there was in it. Almost one year later
the congregation of the Holy Office, after having
examined these constitutions with all the neces
sary precautions in such a case, sent us the fol
lowing answer, which should be for you an abso
lute rule of conduct, and keep you away from
the society of the Knights of Labor. Following
is the translation:
“‘On account of the principles, organization
and statutes of the Knights of Labor Associa
tion, that association is to be relegated among
those which are prohibited by the Holy Sea, in
accordance with the instruction of this supreme
congregation, given on the 10th of May, 1884.
“ ‘Under the pretext of protecting poor work
ingmen againt tho rich and powerful who would
oppress them, the heads and instigators of
societies seek to get rich and raise themselves in
the world at the expense of these unfortunate
and oftentimes too credulous workingmen.
They sound very high the honey coated words
of ‘mutual protection and charity,’ so as to re
tain their victims iu continual agitation and to
foment troubles, disorder and injustice. And
the results for the workinemen are great misfor
tunes. They expose themselves to lose their
faith, their good customs and every sentiment of
honesty and justice in associating themselves
with strangers who unfortunately show them
selves very cuonine in communicating to them
their own perversity. We have witnessed in
France, England and the United States the sad
results of these conspiracies against public tran
quillity. The poor workingmen were left with
nothing else than deep misery, a total ruin of the
industries which gave them their daily bread,
and after the rigor of human justice has added
to it exemplary punishments.’ ” 5
Statement by Moi.signor Ouinn.
New York, April 30.—The action of Cardinal
Tascherau, of Canada, in issuing a mandamus
forbidding Catholics from joining the Knights
of Labor is attracting great attention inJtifcbor
circles. Archbishop Corrigan last evening re
ferred a report to Monsignor Quinn in response
to an inquiry. Monsignor Quinn said that the
subject of the propriety of Catholics becoming
Knights of Labor had been discussed by the
officers of the church in New York, but no de
cision had been reached. “We have been watch
ing these Knights of Labor, and shall continue
to do so. Up ro the present time they do not
seem to differ much from a great many other
societies which are not exactly forbidden by the
church. It is true there have been disturbances
and possible violations of the law by Knights of
Labor, but that is something that the church
cannot regulate or be held responsible for. The
society has not been mentioned by name, as the
Freemasons and others have been, on the list of
forbidden societies by the church, and is not,
therefore, on the same footing. We shall ob
serve the conduct of the Knights of Labor, and
if we soe that they are advocating violations of
the law and the rules of the church, we can is
sue warnings to our people to leave the organiza
tion. It is the duty of the bishops and officers
of the church to keep a careful watch at all
times, to see that the doctrines and regulations
of the church are not disobeyed. At present,
therefore, with relation to any probable action
by the church against the Knights of Labor, the
matter rests with the discietion of the bishops.
They can advise against it, and punish any one
for remaining in the society in opposition to
their warnings, but in the United States it can
not go so far as to excommunicate Catholics for
remaining in the society without first referring
the question to the P.ope at Romo.”
The Latter Seek to Devise Means for Pro
tecting? Themselves Against the Former.
Pitts buko, April 30. —Tne Commercial Ga
zette will publish to-morrow a circular, which, it
is claimed, has been sent to the leaders of the
various labor organizations throughout the
country. It is signed by P. J. McGuire, general
secretary Brotherhood of Carpenters; A. Sfcras
ser, president Cigar-makers’ International Un
ion; J. Dyer, general secretary Granite-makers’
International Union, and T. J. Fitzpatrick,
president Iron molders’ Union of North America.
The circular is dated April 2G, and calls for a
conference at an early date, suggesting May 18,
at Philadelphia, of the executive boards of all
the national and international trades unions in
the country, saying:
“The object of the conference is to devise
ways and means to protect our respective organ
izations from the malicious work of an element
who openly boast that trades unions must be
destroyed. This element urges our local unions
to disband, and it is doing incalcula
ble mischief by arousing antagonism
and dissention in the labor movement.
Suspended and expelled members of trades
unions are welcomed into the ranks of the
Knights of Labor, and this element uses the
order as an instrument through which to vent
their spite against trades-unions. That this has
been the case can be amply demonstrated by the
Cigarmakers’ and Typographical International
Unions. Other trades-unions have been more
or less affected.”
The circular adds that some plan should be
agreed on to prevail on the general officers of
the Knights of Labor to cease their hostilities
towards trades unions. The circular is sent to
the leading officers of the general organizations
of the printers, iron and steel workers, brick
layers, hatters, glass-workers, telegraphers, cab
inet-makers, nailers, miners and metal-workers.
Washington Publishers Will Not Grant th
Demand for Increased Wages.
Washington Special.
The union printers are about to strike for 50
cents per 1,000 ems ar.d six hours' composition,
or time-pay guaranteed. A meeting of Columbia
Typographical Union has been held, and a de
mand ordered upon the newspaper offices for the
increase. The union has control of all the daily
journals here. All of the newspapers will resist
the increase, as they claim that the newspaper
business of Washington will not justify 50cents
for composition with the time conditions do
manded attached. It having come to the
knowledge of the nnion that the
papers would “rat” their offices rather
than submit, a strong movement is
now on foot to reconsider the act of
the organization. Many absentee members
claim the step was taken by but a small repre
sentation of the union, and does not represent
the sentiments of the majority. The down-town
or local printers were the ones who did it. The
great majority of men in the union, about 800,
are employed in the government printing-office,
where 50 cents is the rule. This high rate, how
ever, is only maintained because Congressmen
are afraid to antagonize the labor element by
putting the rate on a level with that which pre
vails in private establishments. The govern
ment printers think their down-town brethren
ought to be giad to get 40 cents, with steady jobs,
and use their power to prevent a strike. They
think an agitation of this kind at the capital
would have a tendency to endanger their own
favorable condition.
Rumored Strike of Grape Creek Miners.
Special to the Indianaeolis Journal.
Danville, 111., April 30. —News comes from
Grape creek that all the coal miners there will
strike to-morrow morning on account of the re
fusal of the Grape Creek Coal Company to pay
the wages demanded by the recent meeting of
the Protective Association at Springfield. A
committee went to the several miues operated
by the Ellsworth company and demanded that
the miners there should also quit work to-mor
row morning, and it is said that they will com
ply. If carried out. this strike will throw about
five hundred men out of employment. At pres
ent they are working about one-third time. A
committee will go to Staunton to-night, where the
Ellsworth company operates extensive mines, to
endeavor to brine about a strike there.
Furniture Manufacturers Organize.
St. Lours, April 30. —The furniture manufac
turers of this city formed an association to-night
and unanimously resolved to operate their fac
tories only eight hours per day after to-morrow.
May 1, on a basis of eight hours’ wages. They
also resolved that they will tolerate no interfer
ence as to who they shall employ, or how their
business shall bo managed. An executive com
mittee of seven was appointed, to which will be
submitted for settlement all differences which
may arise. In case of failure to settle any seri
ous trouble a general shut-down of the factories
may be ordered at any time.
Preparing for Trouble at Milwaukee.
Milwaukee, Wis., April 30.- On Sunday
there will be a huge demonstration of labor or
ganizations in sympathy with the eight-hour
movement. It is not known how many societies
will participate, but it is expected that fully
8,000 men will be in line. The police and militia
have been ordered to report, as an outbreak, it is
feared, may be incited by the socialistic element
participating in the event. The workmen seem
determined that the new hour system shall be
Labor Notes.
The officials of the Amalgamated Miners’ and
Laborers’ Association have issued a circular,
calling upon the 6,000 miners in the Clearfield
reeins to quit work, unless all the operators 3ign
the scale adopted at the Columbus, 0., conven
tion at once. An appeal for assistance to carry
on the strike will be sent out to-day.
At a meeting, last night, the 3.000 employes
of the large Milwaukee breweries decided to
strike to-day unless their wages were advanced
$lO per month. Tne companies have already
made large concessions in the way of fewer
hours work and increased pay, and have said
they will not accept the forms proposed; so a
great strike seems in evitable.
The Allison car-works, at Philadelphia, have
shut down, and locked out 900 employes. The
men, a week ago, demanded an increase of
waeres. The company granted an increase of 6
to 16 per cent. The men yesterday notified the
company that the increase was not satisfactory,
and the company immediately shut down the
works. There was no disorder. The men were
told that they would be paid off, and work would
stop indefinitely. The works employ nearly 700
men, and of this number 90 per cent are out of
work as a result of the difficulties. The works
were running full time, and in some cases over
time. The pay-roll amounted to $50,000 a month.
The Gallows.
Washington, April 30.—Louis Somerfleld
(white) and Richard J. Lee (colored) were
hanged at the city jail at 11:30 o’clock this morn
ing. Sotnerfield died without a struggle. Lee
kicked several times. Both bore up wonder
fully well. The drop was five feet. Somer
fieid murdered his wife, Christina Somerfleld,
and his son-in-law, Gottlieb Eisenbraun. The
double murder was committed at Ei/senbraun’a
saloon, on Maryland avenue, near Twelfth
street, N. E. f on Nov. 20, 1885. Lee was
hanged for the cold blooded murder of his wife.
The crime was committed on the 23d of last
Little Rock, Ark., April 30.—J. M. Arm
strong, who, in February, 1885, killed Dr. Ferg
uson, in Perry countv, was hanged in Perryville
to-day. George Carroll, who, in February, 1885,
killed his wife and threw her body into a well on
his farm, in White county, in order to marry
Viney Tidwell, his half-brother’s widow,' with
whom he was criminally intimate, was hanged
to day at Searcy. Both were white men and
farmers of respectable standing, and in each
case all legal efforts were exhausted to save
their necks, by appeals to the Supreme Court
and petitions to the Governor to commute to
imprisonment for life.
Steamship News.
Southampton, April 30.—Arrived: Ems, from
New York.
London. April 30.—Arrived: Grecian Monarch,
Germania, from New York.
Queenstown, April 30.—Arrived: Wyoming,
England, City of Chester, from New York.
New York, April 30. —Arrived: W. A. Schol
ten, from Rotterdam; Hermann, from Antwerp;
Thingvalla, Cbristianland, from Copenhagen;
Helvetia, from London; Westphalia, from Ham
burg; Werra, from Bremen.
Charged with Child Murder,
Nebp.aska City, Neb., April3o.—LeeShellen
berger, a substantial farmer, and his wife, were
arrested thi6 evening for the murder of the farm
er’s child and the step child of the woman. The
child was found in a celler under their house,
with its throat cut from ear to ear. The evi
dence shows previous brutally and general
hatred, especially on the part of the woman.
They claim the little girl killed herself, which is
pronounced impossible by physicians.
A Modern Fable With a Sting to It,
To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal:
Once upon a time there lived a swarm of bfees
in the hollow of a large elm tree. For many
years they worked from dawn till dark, and, as
a result,-they not only beeswax’d fat, but always
had enough honey laid up in store to carry them
over a bad season or a long winter. Every year
they turned out anew swarm, until, at length,
the woods was so full of bees that every flower
that bloomed within ten miles ol the settlement
was drained of its sweetness by full forty bees
each day, and t:mes began to get hard. The
wise, economical and industrious bees saw plain
ly that the only way to meet and beat ‘'hard
times” was by hard work, and plenty of it, so
they rose with the sun and set with the same,
and worked like heroes for full sixteen hours a
day. In this way they managed to keep soul and
body together, and have a little honey to
share with the sick and unfortunate among
them. But many bees got the blues, and lost
much valuable time by slopping work to cuss
and discnss the situation. Os course, things got
worse and worse year by year, until, instead of
having honey enough and to spare, half of the
population had to live all winter on half rations
and start out leau and shivering in the spring in
a vain search for honey, long before the flowers
began to bloom.
This state of affairs produced much complaint
and dissatisfaction, especially among the drones,
who declared that the world owed them a better
living, and they would have it or sting. So they
called a convention and organized a society, and,
just for a joke, probably, called themselves
“The Busy Bees.”
They spent so much time talking, and plan
ning, and complaining, that they didn’t have
much time left for gathering honey, and so times
got worse instead of better. And “The Busy
Bees” got to be jealous,, and quarrelsome, and
even reckless, and they despised every beo in
the woods who did not join their order; and they
even despised and defied their queens, and they
called everybody either a “scab” or a “capital
ist.” and hated both alike.
At length some of the so-called statesmen —or
State’s bees, rather —anions them, concocted a
scheme for relieving the general distress, and de
clared that, if adopted, it would soon make
everything lovely and hang the goose high, so to
speak. On being asked to explain, they said
they proposed to shorten the hours of labor, and
allow no bee to work over eight hours a day, no
matter how rich or poor, or how industrious he
might be. On hearing this proposition
all the drones clapped their hands, and declared
the millenium was dawning, but the queens and
nfost of the real thrifty bees threw np their
wings in horror, and exclaimed, in chorus, “Oh!
foolish Gal&tines, who hath bewitched you, that
you should offer a remedy which will surely
drive you from poverty down to pauperism, in
stead of up to ease and affluence. If it be true
that we can now hardly make both sides meet,
with ten hours hard work each day, what will
ever become of us if we have two hours of forced
idleness in which to waste, rather than gather
honey? We, who have waxed fat, and laid by
honey enough for a rainy daj r , have worked six
teen to eighteen hours a day, and if you will re
solve to do likewise, instead of to
do less, you may wax fat, too.
But the drones laughed them to scorn, and
vowed they would work but eight hours a day,
and allow no bee to work longer than they did.
And, strange to say, some of the newspapers
published in their midst, which ought to have
had better sense, backed them up in their wild
demands, and in fact put them up to it, and
added so much to the agitation that, after many
strikes and much tribulation, the drones seemed
to be in the majority; and, for experiment only,
the despised “capitalist” and “scab" fell into
line, and the next winter “capitalist," “scabs”
and “busy bees” as well, all starved to death.
L L. See.
Early Portraits of Christ.
W. H. Ingersoll, in May Harper.
Years ago the writer saw a picture with this
inscription: “The only true likeness of our
Savior, taken from one carved on as emerald,
by command of Tiberius Cfesar, and given from
the treasury of Constantinople by the Emperor
of the Turks to Pope lnuocent VIII, for the re
demption of his brother, taken captive by the
Further search discovered the same picture
associated with different incidents, and led to a
study of the pictorial conceptions of our Lord in
sacred art
In the time of Christ superstition had sup
pressed all pictoral Jewish art, even in portrait
live, and though skillful and ingenious in all else,
no Jew dared to paint a portrait, and no strict
one would even allow, his own to be painted, for
fear of a violation of the second commandment.
Portraiture was therefore almost exclusively in
heathen hands, and consummate as was Greek
art in painting the faces and forms of men, it
had small scope in that little Syrian province of
the Roman world, where a painter was an out
The first pictures of Christ were probably the
work of seme of His own disciples, and gradual
ly, as those who loved Him desired to see His
face with the eye of sense, the less scrupulous
Gnostics, with their ruder form of Greek art, re
peated again and again some prototype well
known to them, but unknown to us.
Very early in Christian history—as early, in
deed, as we have any history outside of the
gospels—there was some well known ideal, and
many copies, though varying among themselves,
distributed among the Oriental churches in Asia
and Africa, not always the same in every
detail, but so uniform in general that
they were distinguished ai sight. The earliest
known historical mention of such works, though
only incidental, is made by Tertullian (born in
A. D. 160), who criticises a picture of Jesus as
“incorrect" and “wanting in resemblance.”
This implies that there was a correct type,
which a true picture should resemble. Nothing
better illustrates the number and antiquity of
such pictures than the fact that the earliest ec
clesiastical historian, Eusebius, in 340, speaks of
them as very plenty, and some of them already
very ancient, and associated wiih traditions of
miraculous origin. Augustine, in the next cent
ury, speaks of “a variety of numberless pictures,”
and alludes to some of them as ancient.
Lincoln and Civil-Service Reform.
Brooklyn Eagle.
The following letter, which is made public by
the Times, is of considerable “contemporaneous
human interest:”
“Executive Mansion, Nov. 13, 1803.
“K. M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
“Sir —I personally request that Jacob R.
Frears, of Newburg, may be appointed a colonel
of colored troops, and this irrespective of whether
he can tell the precise shade of Julius Caesar's
hair. A. Lincoln.”
Now the principle which would forbid the ap
pointment of any man to the colonelcy of a
colored regiment, unless he could tell the precise
shade of Julius Caesar’s hair, is analagous to the
principle which would exclude a man from the
civil service unless he could tell the diameter of
the largest lunar crater, or define the asymptotes
of a hyperbola, or reckon the latitude of Cape
St. Roque, or tell the order of the geographical
epochs, or possessed information on other kindred
subjects. Therefore, this cynical letter to Mr.
Stanton affords some ground for the awful doubt
whether Mr. Lincoln, if he were living to-day,
would be a very ardent advocate of the competi
tive examination catechism.
Booth Was Drunk.
New York Post, Editorial.
The stage of the Academy of Music, last even
ing, presented a painful and humiliating scene
—the actor who took the part of lago appearing
in a state of intoxication. In the most exciting
part of the play lago fell among the footlights
aud was pulled out by Othello. An audible
groan went through the house. Strange to say,
a considerable number of the audience seemed
to relish this kind of dramatic entertainment,
for they applauded lago vociferously, and called
him out twice in spite of the hisses of some aud
the silent departure of others. It is to be hoped
that such exhibitions as that of last night are
not to be encouraged by the forbearance of the
public. It should be added that the greatness
of Salvini was never exhibited to better advant
age than in the trying scenes of last evening.
Points from Reformer Cade’s History.
Chicago Tribune.
“There shall be in England seven half-penny
loaves sold for a penny, the three-hooped pot
shall have ten hoops, and I will make it felony
to drink small beer. All the realm shall be in
common, there shall be no money, all shall eat
and drink on my score, and I will apparel them
all in one livery.” This is the way in which
Jack Cade is represented to have spoken to his
followers in England, but a short time after
ward he spoke to himself in the following very
different strain: “These five days have I hid
me in these woods, and durst not peep out But
now 1 am so hungry that if I might have a lease
of my life for a thousand years I could stay no
A Peculiar Petition.
Washington Special.
A remarkable protest against the “Moham
medan dogma of prohibition” was presented to
the House yesterday by Representative Hopkins,
of Illinois. It was signed by a large number of
citizeus of Illinois whose names indicate that
they were of German origin. “Jesus Christ of
Nazareth,” say the petitioners, “took the wine
cup in his hands and commanded man to drink
in remembrance of hioi. Momammed, a slave
holder and polygamist, prohibited the use of
wine, making prohibition a dogma of his religion.”
They only wish, therefore, to be protected in
their rights as Christian citizens, believing the
Christian civilization superior to Mohammedan
The Rye of the Jackass.
Chicago Times.
A series of carious experiments, recently
made by Paris savant3, have established it as a
fact that the eye of the equine species magnifies
nearly six diameters. This being the case, it is
no wonder that an office looks so big aod tempt
ing to the Democratic jackass.
To Keep Out Alien Millionaires.
Washington Special.
The House judiciary committee has reported
the bill “to prevent aliens from acquiring land
in this country” with two amendments. The
first restricts the bill’s operation to the territor
ies and public lands, because Congress has no
control over transfers of real estate in tho
States. The second excepts aliens who an
nounce their intention of becoming citizens, and
allows them to buy land the same as if they
were citizens. The committee intend to pass
this bill through the House, thinking it will be a
popular move in the West, It designs to pre
vent'foreign millionaires and corporations from
getting control of the vast tracts of public lands.
A Hint to Lovers.
London Tid-Bits.
If any man desires to know the character of
bis chosen future wife, let him take her hand
and hold it up between him and the light If
considerable interstices and chinks show them
selves between the fingers it is a sign of desper
ate inquisitiveness. Mrs. Bluebeard doubtless
possesses such ill-fitting fingers. If. on the con
trary, the fingers fit closely together, they de
note avarice. Secret hoards, cheeseparing
tendencies, and a candle end style
of housekeeping may be prophesied
by the light of cheirosophy in such
cases. This may be one of the instances in
which the study is to be found practically useful.
In tho Bame way, young women may be advised
to choose a husband whose hands are naturally
red. His disposition will then be cheerful, san
guine, hopeful. The man with dark-colored
hands will prove but an indifferent companion.
He inclines to biliousness and melancholy. If
the hands are white, they denote a phlegmatic
disposition, one scarcely more agreeable to live
with than the bilious and melancholy variety.
At a Picture Show.
New York Letter.
There are certain young artists and their
wives. The men incliue to pointed beards and
disheveled hair. Some of them seem to have
married models—pretty girls who look like fury
with their clothes on and are painfully embar
rassed atj&eing, as they innocently suppose, in
society. These girls are given to big masses of
curls on the forehead, no corsets, a queerness in
tho matter of collars, and depressing depressions
where the bustle ought to be. But they make, I
have beard, the best of wives and mothers, and
save their husbands untold money for models.
A Veritable Kip Van Winkle.
Western Christian Advocate.
On Monday we received a letter addressed to
Rev. Thomas A. Morris, editor of the Western
Christian Advocate. It is not a delayed letter,
for it bears date of April 23, 1886. The writer is
just fifty years behind the ago, and yet he asks
for Dr. Morris's editorial opinion on a living
question. In May, 1836 Dr. Morris was elected
one of the bishops of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, and nearly two generations have been
born and died since that date. Bishop Morris
himself has been dead for years. Who says the
story of Rip Van Winklo is untrue?
What P Was Going to Have.
San Francisco Chronicle.
She had a lovely foot and her visitors were
admiring it. They were ladies, of course. A
man who is not a shoemaker dares not mention
such a thing unless they are alone in a dim cor
ner of the drawing-room where nobody can over
“Whafca beautiful foot you have, dear.”
“Yes. Pa says when wo go to Europe he’ll
have a bust of it made.”
A Good Indication.
Boston Record.
No wonder that the Atlanta Constitution
thinks that there is a “pretty good opening for
what promises to be a dull summer.” when Jef
ferson Davis is to appear in Montgomery to-day
and to morrow, and in Atlanta Friday and Sat
A Satisfactory Excuse.
Chicago Herald.
Jones, of Florida, who complains because the
newspapers have misrepresented him, should re
member that he is anew kind of a fool, and* the
profession is not fully acquainted with him yet.
The Pressing Question.
Louisville Courier-Journal.
How shall non-union men be protected in their
right to labor? This is a question to bo settled,
and to be settled soon, by the American people
and the American courts.
What the Record Records.
National Republican. *
The Congressional Record continues to present
a faithful report of what Senators and Repre
sentatives, on mature reflection, wish they had
Democratic Best Wishes.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
A prominent Democrat hopea that the Presi
dent will be more faithful to his marriage
pledges than to his political pledges.
Comparatively Safe.
Boston Record.
No liquor licenses will be granted in Concord
after May 1. This makes it comparatively safe
to attend the School of Philosophy.
The Place for the Eight-Hour Plan.
Philadelphia Times.
If the agitators would keep their mouths shut
for eight hours every day things would mend
some. ______________________
Change of climate and water often affect tha
action of the bowels. One or two Brandreth’a
Pills taken every night are a perfect remedy in
such cases, they also prevent malaria and are a
protection against typhus fever or diseases aris
ing from bad sewerage.
More Simplicity.
Pittsburg Chronicle.
If Miss Folsom is really going to marry the
President, her purchasing of her trousseau in
Paris is another and striking instance of the hold
Jeffersonian simplicity has on the country.
Bea friend to yourself and use Red Star
Cough Cure. Positive cure for coughs.
A Capitalist Comes Down a Tree,
Arlington (D. TANARUS.) Gazette.
If the Knight3 of Labor want our capital, and
will promise to hire us at fair wages, we will
deed everything to them.
Stiffness and soreness of the muscles are at
once removed by St. Jacobs Oil.
Purest and strongest Natural Fruit Flavor*.
Vanilla, Lemon, Orange. Almond, Rose, etc*
flavor as delicately and naturally as the fruit.
Teeth exu acted without pain by use of Vitalized
Air or Nitrous Oxide of Gas. which is perfectly harm
less, and agrees with ail conditions of the system.
Teeth extracted, plain, 25c. Gold fillings, $i and up.
wards. Silver and Amalgam fillings, 50 and 7. r xv
Teeth from $4, $5, *O, SB, $lO to SSO per sew
All kinds of the Finest Dental Work in the State at
Reduced Prices. All work warranted as represented,

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